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CELL N TISSUE Instructions: For each histology question, pick the one best answer.

This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). 1.What is the term for the process used by cells for the transport in of particulate matter? a. Endocytosis b. Exocytosis c. Pinocytosis d. Phagocytosis e. Active transport Answer: d Endotyosis is the term for the process cells use to have substances enter them. Exoctyosis is the term for the process cells use to remove substances. Phagocytosis is "cell eating" and is used for the transport of particulate matter. Pinocytosis is "cell drinking". Active transport is a method which requires energy. 2.What is another term for the cytoplasm outside of organelles? a. Plasmalemma b. Glycocalyx c. Protoplasm d. Cristae e. Ground substance Answer: e The cell boundary is defined by the cell membrane or plasmalemma. Glycocalyx is a polysacchride that can be found on the outer surface of the cell membranes. Collectively, the cytoplasm and nucleus form the protoplasm of a cell. The folds on the inner mitochodrial membrane are called cristae. The cytoplasm that surrounds organelles is the cytoplasmic ground substance or cytosol. 3.What is the a small clear space within a cell? a. Space of Disse b. Space of Mall c. Vacuole d. Lacuna e. Howship's lacuna Answer: c The space of Disse is in the liver. The space of Disse is also called the perisinusoidal space. It is the space between the liver sinusoids and the hepatocytes. The space of Mall is also in the liver. The space of Mall is located at the portal canal and is the region between the connective tissue and the liver parenchymal cells. It is the site where lymph is formed within the liver. A vacuole is a small clear space within an individual cell. A lacuna is a small space or depression. The space that the chondrocyte rests in is a lacuna. Howship's lacuna is seen in bone. Howship's lacuna is a space seen underneath an osteoclast. 4.Which of the following is NOT a membranous organelle? a. Lysosomes b. Peroxisomes c. Centrioles d. Mitochondria e. Endoplasmic reticulum Answer: c

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Lysosomes, peroxisomes, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum are all membranous organelles. 5.What is the polysaccharide coating that is sometimes found on the cell membrane? a. Plasmalemma b. Glycocalyx c. Protoplasm d. Cristae e. Ground substance Answer: b The cell boundary is defined by the cell membrane or plasmalemma. Glycocalyx is a polysacchride that can be found on the outer surface of the cell membranes. Collectively, the cytoplasm and nucleus form the protoplasm of a cell. The folds on the inner mitochodrial membrane are called cristae. The cytoplasm that surrounds organelles is the cytoplasmic ground substance or cytosol. 6.What process is nicknamed "cell drinking"? a. Endocytosis b. Exocytosis c. Pinocytosis d. Phagocytosis e. Active transport Answer: c Endotyosis is the term for the process cells use to have substances enter them. Exoctyosis is the term for the process cells use to remove substances. Phagocytosis is "cell eating" and is used for the transport of particulate matter. Pinocytosis is "cell drinking". Active transport is a method which requires energy. 7.Which organelle is studded with ribosomes? a. Rough endoplasmic reticulum b. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum c. Lysosome d. Golgi apparatus e. Mitochondria Answer: a Endoplasmic reticulum is a system of tubules. If there are ribosomes on the tubules, it is termed "rough endoplasmic reticulum". Ribosomes produce proteins. When the ribosomes are attached to endoplasmic reticulum, the proteins produced by the ribosomes are exported. If there are no ribosomes on the endoplasmic reticulum, it is called "smooth endoplasmic reticulum". The role of smooth endoplasmic reticulum is lipid metabolism. Lysosomes are membrane bound sacs of digestive enzymes. They are nicknamed "suicide sacs". The Golgi apparatus are stacks of membranous sacs. Proteins are sorted and packaged in the Golgi apparatus. The mitochondria is the site of ATP production for the cell. ATP is the energy currency of the cell. Mitochondria are nicknamed, the "powerhouse". 8.Where is the site of protein synthesis? a. Ribosomes b. Peroxisome c. Microfilaments d. Centrioles e. Nucleoli Answer: a The ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis.

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Peroxisomes contain enzymes for detoxification. One of the enzymes within peroxisomes is catalase. Catalase is involved in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Microfilaments are made of actin. They form the cells cytoskeleton. Centrioles are composed of microtubules. Centrioles are at the base of cilia and flagella. They are also involved with cell division. Ribosomes are assembled in the nucleoli. The nucleolus is a spherical area within the cell nucleus. 9.What structure contributes to the cells cytoskeleton? a. Ribosomes b. Peroxisome c. Microfilaments d. Centrioles e. Nucleoli Answer: c The ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis. Peroxisomes contain enzymes for detoxification. One of the enzymes within peroxisomes is catalase. Catalase is involved in the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Microfilaments are made of actin. They form the cells cytoskeleton. Centrioles are composed of microtubules. Centrioles are at the base of cilia and flagella. They are also involved with cell division. Ribosomes are assembled in the nucleoli. The nucleolus is a spherical area within the cell nucleus.

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Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Pseudostratified epithelium Answer: c Goblet cells are associated with simple columnar epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. Squamous d. the epithelium is termed squamous. Transitional epithelium Answer: e The lining of the bladder is transitional epithelium. There are domed shaped cells on the apical surface.1 1.What type of epithelium is associated with goblet cells? a. "Cuboidal" refers to the shape of the cells. Simple squamous epithelium b.What type of epithelial cells are as tall as they are wide? a.What type of tissue lines most ducts? a. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Simple cuboidal epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. Cuboidal e. Simple b. "Columnar" cells are taller than they are wide and have an oval nucleus. Epithelium that is more than one cell layer thick is classified as stratified. If the cells are flat. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. 4. If the cells are as tall as they are wide. Simple columnar epithelium d. Page | 4 . Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces.What type of tissue lines the bladder? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Stratified squamous epithelium e. it is cuboidal. 2. Stratified squamous epithelium e. 3. Columnar Answer: d Epithelium that is classified by the number of cell layers and the cell shape. the epithelium is classified as columnar. Simple columnar epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. Stratified c.EPITELIUM Tb. Simple columnar epithelium d. Simple columnar epithelium d. Epithelium that is one cell thick is classified as simple. Transitional epithelium Answer: b The lining of most ducts is simple cuboidal epithelium. Simple squamous epithelium b. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. If the cells are taller than they are wide.

and the thoracic cavity. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. All of the above e. Simple columnar epithelium d. Exocrine gland d.What type of gland secretes its product through a duct or tube? a.5. such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. Genitourinary tract b. All of the above are lined by a mucosa Answer: b Serosa lines the peritoneal cavity. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Multicellular gland c. Epithelioid tissue b. Peritoneal cavity c. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. but it does not have a free surface. genitourinary tract and respiratory tract. Transitional e.What cell type makes up the mucosa of the gallbladder? a. The prefix "pseudo" means false. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. Respiratory tract d. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Transitional epithelium Answer: c The mucosa of the gallbladder is made of simple columnar epithelium.What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the blood vessels? a. 8.Which of the following is lined by a serosa? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Endothelium d. Mucosa lines the alimentary canal. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity. Thus the name. Note from Sarah Bellham: The simple columnar epithelium of the gallbladder is very tall! 7. Pseudostratified Answer: c Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. but it is not really stratified. None of the above Answer: c Page | 5 . Endocrine gland b. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. 6. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together. Mesothelium c. the pericardial cavity. pericardial cavity and pleural cavity. Alimentary canal e.

Simple cuboidal epithelium c. The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border. Cilia are made of microtubules. Microvilli b. In reality. Tubular d. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. For example: pseudonym. every cell touches the basement membrane. Tb2 1. pseudo-science or pseudostratified.An endocrine gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream. yet it appears to be stratified. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Tubuloalveolar Answer: d A simple gland has an unbranched duct.What is a gland called if the secretory portion is flask shaped? a. Pseudostratified squamous epithelium is "pseudostratified" because it is only one cell layer thick. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "pseudo" is of Greek origin and it means false or counterfeit.What type of tissue lines blood vessels? a. it is called "tubular". 2. Simple squamous epithelium b. without a duct or tube. Simple columnar epithelium d. Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia. If the secretory portion of a gland is a tube shaped but at the terminus is flask shaped. Stereocilia c. it is called "tubuloalveolar". Simple columnar epithelium d. An exocrine gland secretes its product through a duct or tube. Transitional epithelium Page | 6 . Alveolar e. Simple squamous epithelium b. Stratified squamous epithelium e.What type of epithelium lines the trachea? a. A compound gland has a branched duct. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. If the secretory portion of a gland is tube shaped. Compound gland c. Simple gland b. Pseudostratified epithelium Answer: e The trachea is lined by pseudostratified squamous epithelium. Cilia d. 10. Both a and b Answer: a Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. it is called "alveolar" or "acinar". Keratinization e. If the secretory portion of a gland is flask shaped.What forms the brush border? a. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin. Keratinization is seen in the epidermis. 9.

Answer: a The lining of a blood vessel is simple squamous epithelium. This lining is called endothelium. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. Simple squamous epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. "Squamous" refers to the fact that the cells are flat. 3.What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick? a. Simple b. Stratified c. Squamous d. Cuboidal e. Columnar Answer: b Epithelium that is classified by the number of cell layers and the cell shape. Epithelium that is one cell thick is classified as simple. Epithelium that is more than one cell layer thick is classified as stratified. If the cells are flat, the epithelium is termed squamous. If the cells are as tall as they are wide, it is cuboidal. If the cells are taller than they are wide, the epithelium is classified as columnar. 4.What do you call a tissue composed of a conglomeration of cells which are tightly packed together, yet which does not have a free surface? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. a. Epithelioid tissue b. Mesothelium c. Endothelium d. Transitional e. Pseudostratified Answer: a Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together, but it does not have a free surface, the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity, the pericardial cavity, and the thoracic cavity. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified, but it is not really stratified. Thus the name. The prefix "pseudo" means false, such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. 5.What type of epithelium appears stratified, but is not? a. Epithelioid tissue b. Mesothelium c. Endothelium d. Transitional e. Pseudostratified Answer: e Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together, but it does not have a free surface, the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland.

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Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity, the pericardial cavity, and the thoracic cavity. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified, but it is not really stratified. Thus the name. The prefix "pseudo" means false, such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. 6.Which of the following is lined by a mucosa? a. Peritoneal cavity b. Pericardial cavity c. Pleural cavity d. Alimentary canal e. All of the above are lined by a mucosa Answer: d Serosa lines the peritoneal cavity, pericardial cavity and pleural cavity. Mucosa lines the alimentary canal, genitourinary tract and respiratory tract. 7.What type of gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream? a. Endocrine gland b. Multicellular gland c. Exocrine gland d. All of the above e. None of the above Answer: a An endocrine gland secretes its product directly into the bloodstream, without a duct or tube. An exocrine gland secretes its product through a duct or tube. 8.What is a gland called if it has an unbranched duct? a. Simple gland b. Compound gland c. Tubular d. Alveolar e. Tubuloalveolar Answer: a A simple gland has an unbranched duct. A compound gland has a branched duct. If the secretory portion of a gland is tube shaped, it is called "tubular". If the secretory portion of a gland is flask shaped, it is called "alveolar" or "acinar". If the secretory portion of a gland is a tube shaped but at the terminus is flask shaped, it is called "tubuloalveolar". 9.What is a gland called if the secretory portion is tube shaped ending in a flask shaped area at the terminus? a. Simple gland b. Compound gland c. Tubular d. Alveolar e. Tubuloalveolar Answer: e A simple gland has an unbranched duct. A compound gland has a branched duct. If the secretory portion of a gland is tube shaped, it is called "tubular". If the secretory portion of a gland is flask shaped, it is called

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"alveolar" or "acinar". If the secretory portion of a gland is a tube shaped but at the terminus is flask shaped, it is called "tubuloalveolar". 10.What is the surface modification seen on the cells of the epididymis? a. Microvilli b. Stereocilia c. Cilia d. Keratinization e. Both a and b Answer: b Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia. Cilia are made of microtubules. Keratinization is seen in the epidermis. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin.

Tb.3 1.What type of epithelium forms the epidermis? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Simple columnar epithelium d. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Pseudostratified epithelium Answer: d The epidermis is formed by stratified squamous epithelium. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. Stratified squamous epithelium is "stratified" because it is more than one cell layer thick. "Squamous" refers to the fact that the surface cells of the stratified squamous layer are flat. This is important to note as the cells at the basal layer are cuboidal or even columnar. It is still classified as "squamous" based on the cells of the surface layer. 2.What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Simple columnar epithelium d. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Transitional epithelium Answer: c The lining of the gastrointestinal tract is simple columnar epithelium. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. Simple columnar epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. "Columnar" cells are taller than they are wide and have an oval nucleus. 3.What type of tissue forms the alveoli in the lung? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. Simple columnar epithelium d. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Pseudostratified epithelium Answer: a

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Epithelioid tissue b. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified. 6. If the cells are taller than they are wide. but it is not really stratified. but it does not have a free surface. Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity. Stratified squamous epithelium b. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. "Squamous" refers to the fact that the cells are flat. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. the epithelium is classified as columnar. 5. and the thoracic cavity. Simple squamous epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. the epithelium is termed squamous. such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. it is cuboidal. Pseudostratified Answer: b Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. Pseudostratified epithelium e. If the cells are flat. Stratified c. Cuboidal e.What type of epithelium is composed of cells which all touch the basement membrane and is only one cell layer thick? a. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. Columnar Answer: c Epithelium that is classified by the number of cell layers and the cell shape. Epithelium that is one cell thick is classified as simple. 4. Transitional epithelium c. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. Page | 10 .What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity? a.What type of epithelium is composed of flat cells? a. Thus the name. None of the above Answer: d Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. Thus the name. Simple b. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. The other type of epithelium where all cells touch the basement membrane and are only one layer thick is the entire class of all of the simple epithelium. Transitional e. the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. the pericardial cavity. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. If the cells are as tall as they are wide. Endothelium d. The prefix "pseudo" means false. Stratified cuboidal epithelium d. but it is not really stratified. Epithelium that is more than one cell layer thick is classified as stratified. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together. Squamous d. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane.The alveoli are formed by simple squamous epithelium. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified. Mesothelium c.

If the secretory portion of a gland is a tube shaped but at the terminus is flask shaped. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. Respiratory tract d. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. Compound gland c. Both a and b Answer: c Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. Cilia d. genitourinary tract and respiratory tract. Microvilli b. If the secretory portion of a gland is tube shaped.What cell surface modification is made of microtubules? a. Pericardial cavity c. Page | 11 . All of the above are lined by a mucosa Answer: b Serosa lines the peritoneal cavity. Keratinization e. pericardial cavity and pleural cavity. it is called "tubuloalveolar". Tubular d. Cilia d. The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border. Tubuloalveolar Answer: b A simple gland has an unbranched duct. Both a and b Answer: a Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. A compound gland has a branched duct. it is called "tubular". The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border. Cilia are made of microtubules. Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia. 10. 8.Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "pseudo" is derived from the Greek word and means false. If the secretory portion of a gland is flask shaped. Genitourinary tract b. it is called "alveolar" or "acinar". Keratinization e. 7. Simple gland b. Mucosa lines the alimentary canal. Stereocilia c. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin. Microvilli b. Alveolar e. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. Alimentary canal e.What are finger like projections on the surface of some cells called? a.What is a gland called if it has an branched duct? a. Keratinization is seen in the epidermis.Which of the following is NOT lined by a mucosa? a. examples of its usage include pseudonym or pseudo-science. counterfeit or untrue. Stereocilia c. 9.

Mesothelium Page | 12 .What type of epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface? a. it is cuboidal. the epithelium is classified as columnar. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin. "Cuboidal" refers to the shape of the cells. 4. Columnar Answer: a Epithelium that is classified by the number of cell layers and the cell shape. Simple columnar epithelium d. Stratified squamous epithelium e. 2. 3. Epithelium that is more than one cell layer thick is classified as stratified. Epithelium that is one cell thick is classified as simple. Epithelium that is one cell thick is classified as simple.What type of epithelium is one cell layer thick? a.What type of tissue composes the kidney tubules? a. it is cuboidal. Columnar Answer: e Epithelium that is classified by the number of cell layers and the cell shape. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces.What type of epithelial cells are taller than they are wide? a. Simple squamous epithelium b. Stratified squamous epithelium is "stratified" because it is more than one cell layer thick. If the cells are as tall as they are wide. Simple columnar epithelium d. Transitional epithelium Answer: d The lining of the esophagus is stratified squamous epithelium. Squamous d. Keratinization is seen in the epidermis. Simple squamous epithelium b. If the cells are taller than they are wide.What type of tissue lines the esophagus? a. Transitional epithelium Answer: b The kidney tubules are simple cuboidal epithelium. Cuboidal e. Cilia are made of microtubules. Epithelium lines body cavities and surfaces. Stratified squamous epithelium e. Epithelium that is more than one cell layer thick is classified as stratified. If the cells are flat. Simple cuboidal epithelium c.Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia. Cuboidal e. Simple cuboidal epithelium c. If the cells are as tall as they are wide.4 1. "Squamous" refers to the fact that the surface cells of the layer are flat. Stratified c. the epithelium is classified as columnar. Squamous d. the epithelium is termed squamous. Simple b. Simple b. Stratified c. Epithelioid tissue b. 5. Simple cuboidal epithelium is "simple" because it is one cell thick. If the cells are taller than they are wide. Tb. the epithelium is termed squamous. If the cells are flat.

genitourinary tract and respiratory tract. but it does not have a free surface. Squamous cell b. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together. Pleural cavity d. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. but it is not really stratified. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border.What forms the striated border? a. such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity. Endothelium d. 8. Basket cell e. Both a and b Answer: a Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. Pseudostratified Answer: d Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. 7. and the thoracic cavity. 6. Pericardial cavity c. Page | 13 . Thus the name. Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia. the pericardial cavity. Microvilli b. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. Keratinization e. pericardial cavity and pleural cavity. Stereocilia c. Peritoneal cavity b. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. All of the above are lined by a serosa Answer: d Serosa lines the peritoneal cavity. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. Cilia d.c.Which of the following is a unicellular gland? a. Cilia are made of microtubules. Sertoli cell Answer: b A goblet cell is a unicellular gland. Respiratory tract e. Mucosa lines the alimentary canal. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified.Which of the following is NOT lined by a serosa? a. Transitional e. The prefix "pseudo" means false. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. Basal cell d. Goblet cell c.

What is another term for an acinar gland? a. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin. 2. and intervertebral discs are all composed of connective tissue. Tubular d. it is called "tubular". If the secretory portion of a gland is tube shaped. If the secretory portion of a gland is flask shaped. Blood b. All of the above are fibers found in connective tissue Answer: d Page | 14 . Compound gland c. Myometrium Answer: e Of the four basic tissue types (epithelium. tendon. Bone c.Which of the following is NOT a fiber found in connective tissue? a. Cilia d. Elastic fiber c. Stereocilia c.What is a characteristic of the cells in the epidermis of the skin? a.1 1. A compound gland has a branched duct. Cilia are made of microtubules. CONNECTIVE TISSUE Tb. Keratinization e. Simple gland b. the myometrium is composed of muscle tissue. Purkinje fiber e.Keratinization is seen in the epidermis. The appearance of microvilli form what is also called the brush border or striated border. Intervertebral disc e. muscle and nervous tissue). Tendon d. Stereocilia are seen in the epididymis and the hair cells of the ear. Reticular fiber d. Both a and b Answer: d Microvilli are the finger like projections seen on the surface of some cells. Microvilli b. Thus. Cells in the stratum corneum are essentially just bags of keratin. connective tissue is the most diverse. Tubuloalveolar Answer: d A simple gland has an unbranched duct. Stereocilia are very long microvilli. If the secretory portion of a gland is a tube shaped but at the terminus is flask shaped. bone. it is called "tubuloalveolar". it is called "alveolar" or "acinar". Blood. 10. 9. connective tissue. Keratinization is seen in the epidermis. Alveolar e.Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue? a. Collagen fiber b. The myometrium is the muscular layer of the uterus. Cilia is the hair like surface modification seen on some epithelia.

Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"? a. adipose tissue. The histiocyte is a connective tissue macrophage. Mucous connective tissue d. and reticular fibers. Fixed macrophages are given a unique name. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. Histiocyte d. Many tissues have resident (fixed) macrophages.Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"? a.Which cell is a connective tissue macrophage? a. 3. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. Plasma cell e. bone. Purkinje fibers are specialized muscle fibers. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. elastic fibers. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. Adipose tissue Page | 15 . Myofibroblast c.There are three types of fibers found in connective tissue: collagen fibers. Purkinje fibers are seen in the heart. Mast cells secrete histamine. Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Kupffer cells are the hepatic macrophages. Blood e. and lymphatic tissue.Which connective tissue cell type contains properties of smooth muscle cells? a. 4. depending on the tissue that they are located in. Loose connective tissue Answer: d Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. Microglia Answer: b Macrophages are mononuclear phagocytes. Mesenchyme b. Dust cell d. Dust cells are alveolar macrophage found in the respiratory tract. Langerhans cells are macrophages seen in the skin. Langerhans cell e. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. Cartilage b. histiocytes. 5. Mast cells also secrete heparin. Histiocyte c. plasma cells. 6. Mucous connective tissue c. blood and hemopoietic tissue. Fibroblasts. Dense connective tissue d. Fibroblast b. Mast cell Answer: b Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Kupffer cells b. Collagen fibers are the most abundant fiber type in connective tissue. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Microglia are the central nervous system macrophages. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). Histiocytes are macrophages seen in connective tissue.

Which of the following would be best suited to differentiate collagen fibers from other fibers? a. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. Multilocular adipose tissue e. Loose irregular connective tissue d. bone. Bone e.What type of adipose tissue tends to increase as humans age? a. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: d Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue. 7. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. Hematoxylin and eosin stain is the most commonly used tissue stain for routine histological examination. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. White adipose tissue c. and lymphatic tissue. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. White adipose tissue is unilocular adipose tissue. This is present during fetal development and then decreases after birth. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. adipose tissue. Brown adipose tissue b. Collagen fibers can be differentiated from other fibers by staining with Masson's trichrome stain. Silver impregnation. Both b and c Answer: e Brown adipose tissue is multilocular adipose tissue. such as with a reticular stain. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Silver impregnation e. Hematoxylin and eosin stain c. Unilocular adipose tissue d. Sudan stain d. it is a subset of mesenchyme.2 Page | 16 . Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis. Mesenchyme c. Wright's stain b. can be used to visualize reticular fibers. Tb.What type of tissue makes up the dermis of the skin? a. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. Masson's trichrome stain Answer: e A peripheral blood smear would be best visualized with Wright's stain.d. blood and hemopoietic tissue. 9. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). Mucous connective tissue b. This type of tissue persists into adulthood. Dense irregular connective tissue e. 8. Lipids are best displayed with a sudan stain. Blood Answer: b Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper.

histiocytes. The histiocyte is a connective tissue macrophage. histiocytes. 4.Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"? a. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. The blood in the heart. Fat Answer: c Of the four basic tissue types (epithelium. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Note from Sarah Bellham: Please be aware that there is connective tissue in the heart. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Mast cell Answer: c The histiocyte is a tissue macrophage. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. However. Heart d.Instructions: For each histology question. Mast cells secrete histamine. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. is composed of connective tissue. Fibroblast b. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. Bone marrow b. the primary tissue composing the heart is cardiac muscle. The heart is a muscle. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. The pericardium is also composed of connective tissue. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. mesenchyme and fat are all composed of connective tissue. The main tissue type in the heart is cardiac muscle. connective tissue is the most diverse. Plasma cell e.Which one of these cells is not a cell type routinely found in loose connective tissue? a. Dense connective tissue e. 2. articular cartilage. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Cartilage b. plasma cells. Mesenchyme d. plasma cells. pick the one best answer.Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue? a. Mesenchyme e. muscle and nervous tissue). Mast cells also secrete heparin. Articular cartilage c. Histiocyte d. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). for example.Which connective tissue cell is a tissue macrophage? a. Fibroblast b. Mucous connective tissue Answer: a Page | 17 . Histiocyte d. Loose connective tissue c. Fibroblasts. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Mast cell Answer: b Microglia are supporting cells in the nervous system. Microglia c. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Myofibroblast c. The histiocyte is a tissue macrophage. 3. Bone marrow. connective tissue. Mast cells secrete histamine. 1. Plasma cell e. Fibroblasts. Mast cells also secrete heparin.

and lymphatic tissue.Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper.What does connective tissue develop from? a. Mesenchyme c.Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"? a.What type of tissue is Wharton's jelly? a. bone. Cartilage Answer: b Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). blood and hemopoietic tissue. adipose tissue. Mucous connective tissue b. 6. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. Dense irregular connective tissue e. Adipose tissue b. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. 5. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. Bone d. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: e Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue.What type of tissue is a tendon composed of? a. 7. it is a subset of mesenchyme. Blood e. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. and lymphatic tissue. bone. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: a Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue. Mesothelium Page | 18 . Loose irregular connective tissue d. blood and hemopoietic tissue. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Mesenchyme c. Mucous connective tissue b. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. Dense irregular connective tissue e. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). it is a subset of mesenchyme. Loose irregular connective tissue d. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. 8. adipose tissue. Dense irregular connective tissue c.

Pubic symphysis c.b.Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue? a. histiocytes.3 1. connective tissue. Histiocyte d. and organ capsules are all composed of connective tissue. Glycosaminoglycans d. Plasma cell e. Purple/Red d. ligaments. Areolar tissue e. The pubic symphysis. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Green/blue Answer: d Verhoeff Elastic stain stains elastic fibers blue/black. Organ capsule Answer: a Of the four basic tissue types (epithelium. Collagen stains pink/red. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. areolar tissue. Red/Orange b. 10. All of the above Answer: e Within connective tissue. Fibroblasts.What color do elastic fibers stain with Verhoeff Elastic stain? a. the cells and fibers are embedded in the ground substance. Myofibroblasts Page | 19 . Proteoglycans c. Hyaluronic acid b. Myofibroblast c. Hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate are glycosaminoglycans.Which of the following is a component of the ground substance? a. Spinal cord b.Which connective tissue cell type produces the ground substance in connective tissue? a. Ligament d. Chondroitin sulfate e. plasma cells. It is composed of proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. 2. Blue/black e. Mesenchyme c. 9. The spinal cord is composed of nervous tissue. Fibroblast b. muscle and nervous tissue). Tb. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. The ground substance is amorphous material. Wharton's jelly Answer: b Connective tissue develops from mesenchyme. Mesangial cells d. connective tissue is the most diverse. Pink/red c. Mesentery e. Mast cell Answer: a Fibroblasts produce collagen.

plasma cells. Mast cells also secrete heparin.Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"? a. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. Mucous connective tissue e. 5. bone. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. Loose connective tissue Answer: b Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. Bone b. blood and hemopoietic tissue. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Mast cells secrete histamine. 3.Which connective tissue cell is derived from B lymphocytes? a. Histiocyte d. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. adipose tissue. Fibroblasts. The histiocyte is a tissue macrophage. Mast cells secrete histamine. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. adipose tissue. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). Loose irregular connective tissue e. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. The histiocyte is a connective tissue macrophage. Mesenchyme b. blood and hemopoietic tissue.Which of the following can be classified as "connective tissue proper"? a. Myofibroblast c. Mast cells also secrete heparin. Mast cell Answer: d Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. and lymphatic tissue. 4. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. Cartilage Answer: d Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. Fibroblast b. Dense connective tissue d. Plasma cell e. Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells.contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Adipose tissue d. histiocytes. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. bone. Blood c. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. Page | 20 . and lymphatic tissue. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Bone c. Fibroblasts produce collagen.

such as with a reticular stain. it is a subset of mesenchyme. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. Glycosaminoglycan d. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. Lipids are best displayed with a sudan stain. Hematoxylin and eosin stain is the most commonly used tissue stain for routine histological examination. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. Extracellular fibers c. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. None of the above. Hematoxylin and eosin stain c. Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis. 9. Loose irregular connective tissue d. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. can be used to visualize reticular fibers. Mucous connective tissue b. Dermatan sulfate b. Tightly packed cells b. Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis.A beauty treatment for the reduction of wrinkles is the injection of hyaluronic acid into the wrinkle. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. Keratan sulfate Page | 21 .What type of tissue is a ligament composed of? a. Dense irregular connective tissue e. Silver impregnation e. Sudan stain d. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. Mucous connective tissue b. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: b Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue. 10. 8. Loose irregular connective tissue d. Chondroitin sulfate e. Silver impregnation. Wright's stain b. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. the cells are not tightly packed. Collagen fibers can be differentiated from other fibers by staining with Masson's trichrome stain. Mesenchyme c.Which of the following would be best suited to visualize lipid? a. 7. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: e Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue. Masson's trichrome stain Answer: c A peripheral blood smear would be best visualized with Wright's stain. Ground substance e.Which of the following is not associated with connective tissue? a. Proteoglycan c. Tissue fluid d. Mesenchyme c. Dense irregular connective tissue e. What is hyaluronic acid? a. all of the above are seen with connective tissue Answer: a Connective tissue consists of cells and extracellular fibers in a ground substance and tissue fluid. There is generally abundant extracellular space in connective tissue.What type of connective tissue is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo? a. it is a subset of mesenchyme.6.

ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis.4 1. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis. The histiocyte is a connective tissue macrophage. Purkinje fiber e. Purkinje fibers are seen in the heart. Elastic fiber c. Collagen fibers are the most abundant fiber type in connective tissue. chondroitin sulfate. Dermatan sulfate. Reticular fiber d. Myofibroblast c. Mast cells also secrete heparin. Tb. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. The ground substance is amorphous material. Mast cell Answer: a Fibroblasts produce collagen. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Muscle fibers Answer: a There are three types of fibers found in connective tissue: collagen fibers. histiocytes. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. It is composed of proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans. Fibroblasts. Histiocyte d. Mast cell Answer: e Mast cells secrete histamine. Mast cells secrete histamine.Which connective tissue cell type secretes histamine? a. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Purkinje fibers are specialized muscle fibers. Mesenchyme c. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Histiocyte d. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. 4. and mast cells are routinely seen in loose connective tissue. Fibroblast b.Which is the most abundant fiber in connective tissue? a. plasma cells. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. Plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes. 2. Mast cells also secrete heparin. the cells and fibers are embedded in the ground substance.Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"? a. Connective tissue macrophage c. Collagen fiber b. Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan. The histiocyte is a connective tissue macrophage. Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. elastic fibers. Fibroblasts produce collagen. Fibroblasts. Mast cells secrete histamine. histiocytes. and reticular fibers. and keratan sulfate are also glycosaminoglycans. Myofibroblasts contain properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Plasma cell e. Plasma cell e.Answer: c Within connective tissue. plasma cells. 3. ECF-A (eosinophilic chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis.Which connective tissue cell type produces collagen? a. Adipose tissue Page | 22 . Loose connective tissue b. The fibroblast also produces the ground substance in connective tissue. SRS-A (slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. The also secrete heparin. Fibroblast b.

What type of adipose tissue tends to decrease as humans age? a. Wharton's jelly is mucous connective tissue. blood and hemopoietic tissue. bone. Mucous connective tissue is a type of embryonic connective tissue. Loose irregular connective tissue is areolar tissue. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). bone. Both a and d Answer: e Brown adipose tissue is multilocular adipose tissue. Brown adipose tissue b. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue. Connective tissue proper consists of loose irregular connective tissue and dense connective tissue (regular and irregular). Bone c. Mesenchyme c. Adipose tissue b.What is areolar tissue? a. Loose irregular connective tissue d. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. specialized connective tissue and embryonic connective tissue. Cartilage e. adipose tissue. Mesenchyme Answer: e Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. blood and hemopoietic tissue. Mucous connective tissue e. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. Embryonic connective tissue includes mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue.d. Mucous connective tissue b. It is an undifferentiated tissue found in the embryo. White adipose tissue c. 6.Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"? a. Blood d. Dense connective tissue Answer: c Connective tissue can be sub-classified into connective tissue proper. it is a subset of mesenchyme. adipose tissue. This is present during fetal development and then decreases after birth. Specialized connective tissue includes cartilage. 5. Dense irregular connective tissue is seen in the dermis. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: c Mesenchyme is embryonic connective tissue. and lymphatic tissue. Dense irregular connective tissue e. Page | 23 . Multilocular adipose tissue e. and lymphatic tissue. 7. Dense regular connective tissue comprises tendons and ligaments. Unilocular adipose tissue d.

such as with a reticular stain. Lipids are best displayed with a sudan stain. This type of tissue persists into adulthood. Silver impregnation e. Sudan stain d.Which of the following would be best suited to visualize reticular fibers? a. Silver impregnation. Page | 24 . 8.White adipose tissue is unilocular adipose tissue. Hematoxylin and eosin stain is the most commonly used tissue stain for routine histological examination. Hematoxylin and eosin stain c. Masson's trichrome stain Answer: d A peripheral blood smear would be best visualized with Wright's stain. can be used to visualize reticular fibers. Wright's stain b. Collagen fibers can be differentiated from other fibers by staining with Masson's trichrome stain.

Which type of cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix? a. All of the above Answer: d The larynx is composed of several cartilages. Chondrocyte b. Keratan sulfate d. Elastic cartilage has elastic fibers in the matrix. A bone lining cell is a resting osteoblast. An osteoclast is a bone cell which is involved in resorption of bone.What cell produces the cartilaginous matrix? a. Hyaline cartilage b.2 1. All three types of cartilage are avascular. All of the above e. 2. All of the above are glycosaminoglycans in cartilage Answer: b Proteoglycans are composed of a protein core and attached glycosaminoglycans. Elastic cartilage c. 4.Which type of cartilage is found in the larynx? a. keratan sulfate. arytenoid cartilages. Chondroblast c. Page | 25 . Chondroitin sulfate b. Fibrocartilage has thick bundles of collagen fibers in the matrix. 3. corniculate cartilages and cuneiform cartilages are all composed of hyaline cartilage. Fibrocartilage d. It rests in a lacunae surrounded by matrix. Both a and b e. Which of the following is NOT a glycosaminoglycan in cartilage? a. Chondroitin sulfate. Hyaluronic acid e. Bone lining cell Answer: b The mature cell in cartilage is a chondrocyte. None of the above Answer: a Hyaline cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix.KARTILAGO Tb. Elastic cartilage c. Hyaline cartilage b. cricoid cartilage. The thyroid cartilage. Osteoclast e. Osteocyte d. A chondroblast is an immature cartilage cell which produces the cartilaginous matrix. Proteoglycans c. Fibrocartilage d. and hyaluronic acid are all glycosaminoglycans. The epiglottis is elastic cartilage. An osteocyte is a mature bone cell. All three types of cartilage are composed of chondrocytes residing in lacunae and a hydrous extracellular matrix. There is no fibrocartilage in the larynx.

Which type of cartilage forms the articular surface on bones? a. it bounces back into its proper position. 9. None of the above Answer: b Elastic cartilage is found in the external ear. Elastic cartilage c. Elastic cartilage c. Elastic cartilage and fibrocartilage equally Answer: a Hyaline cartilage is the most abundant type of cartilage.Which type of cartilage is the most abundant? a. Elastic cartilage c. All of the above e. Fibrocartilage d. All of the above e. Fibrocartilage d. 6. Fibrocartilage d. Note from Sarah Bellham: If you bend your ear forward. Fibrocartilage d. All of the above e. Hyaline cartilage b. Hyaline cartilage b. 8. Hyaline cartilage b. None of the above Answer: d Hyaline cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix. Elastic cartilage c. None of the above Answer: a Hyaline cartilage forms the articular surface on bones. Fibrocartilage d. Hyaline cartilage b. Elastic cartilage c. Hyaline cartilage and elastic cartilage equally e.Costal cartilage is composed of what type of cartilage? a. Hyaline cartilage b.Which type of cartilage is found in the external ear? a.Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes sitting in lacunae? a. None of the above Page | 26 . All of the above e. 7. All three types of cartilage are avascular. Elastic cartilage has elastic fibers in the matrix. All three types of cartilage are composed of chondrocytes residing in lacunae and a hydrous extracellular matrix. This is due to the elastic cartilage. Fibrocartilage has thick bundles of collagen fibers in the matrix.5.

Connective tissue e. The prefix "endo" means within or inner. Fibrocartilage is sometimes referred to as white cartilage. None of the above Answer: c Fibrocartilage forms the symphysis pubis. Tb. such as in the word "perimeter". 11. Ectoderm b.Which type of cartilage forms the symphysis pubis? a. Elastic cartilage c. The perichondrium is the connective tissue which surrounds cartilage. Elastic cartilage c. Hyaline cartilage b. Perimysium b. Compact bone e. The perineurium is the covering of nerve fascicles. Endoderm c. Spongy bone Answer: c Elastic cartilage is sometimes referred to as yellow cartilage. It is hyaline cartilage. Mesenchyme d. None of the above Answer: c Page | 27 .What structure is called white cartilage? a. Periosteum c. Perichondrium d.Where does cartilage come from? a. Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "peri" means around. Fibrocartilage d. The endosteum is the lining of the inner bone (the side which abuts the medullary cavity). "endoscope". 10.Answer: a Costal cartilage is the cartilage at the end of the ribs.3 1. All of the above e. such as in "endosteum". "endocrine". 2. Hyaline cartilage b. The periosteum is the connective tissue covering of a bone. Fibrocartilage d. Endosteum Answer: c The perimysium is the connective tissue sheath around fascicles of muscle. Perineurium e.What is the connective tissue covering which surrounds cartilage? a.

7. 5. All three types of cartilage are avascular. Nutrients reach cartilage by diffusion from the adjacent tissues. Hyaline cartilage b. Cartilage has a duel circulation c.Regarding the blood supply to cartilage: a. Elastic cartilage has elastic fibers in the matrix. 6.What is the mature cell in cartilage called? a.Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of thick bundles of collagen fibers? a. Hyaline cartilage b. 3.Which type of cartilage forms the epiphyseal growth plate? a. None of the above Page | 28 . Cartilage is avascular e. Cartilage has minimal circulation b. Elastic cartilage c. It rests in a lacunae surrounded by matrix. Elastic cartilage c. 60-80 e. An osteoclast is a bone cell which is involved in resorption of bone. Osteoclast e. Fibrocartilage d. Fibrocartilage d.What percent of the matrix of cartilage is water? a. 4.Cartilage arises from mesenchyme. An osteocyte is a mature bone cell. All of the above e. All three types of cartilage are composed of chondrocytes residing in lacunae and a hydrous extracellular matrix. 80-100 Answer: d The matrix of cartilage is 60-80% water. Fibrocartilage has thick bundles of collagen fibers in the matrix. 40-60 d. Chondroblast c. All of the above e. There is nothing unique about the blood supply to cartilage Answer: d Cartilage is avascular. A bone lining cell is a resting osteoblast. A chondroblast is an immature cartilage cell which produces the cartilaginous matrix. 0 b. None of the above Answer: c Hyaline cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix. Osteocyte d. 10-40 c. Bone lining cell Answer: a The mature cell in cartilage is a chondrocyte. Cartilage is highly vascular d. Chondrocyte b.

Fibrocartilage c. Fibrocartilage is sometimes referred to as white cartilage.What structure is called yellow cartilage? a. All of the above e.What type of tissue makes up the rings of the trachea? a. 8. None of the above Answer: c Fibrocartilage is present in the temporomandibular joint. Fibrocartilage d. Cancellous bone Page | 29 . Elastic cartilage d. Hyaline cartilage b. 9. Fibrocartilage c. Both a and c Answer: a The rings of the trachea are composed of hyaline cartilage. Immature bone b. 11. Elastic cartilage d. Hyaline cartilage b. Hyaline cartilage b.2 BoneInstructions: For each histology question.Which type of cartilage is present in the temporomandibular joint? a. Spongy bone Answer: b Elastic cartilage is sometimes referred to as yellow cartilage.What is dense bone? a. Elastic cartilage c. 10. Both a and c Answer: c The epiglottis is part of the larynx.Answer: a Hyaline cartilage forms the epiphyseal growth plate. Hyaline cartilage b. It is composed of elastic cartilage. Compact bone e. pick the one best answer. 1. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). Elastic cartilage c. BONE Tb. Both a and b e. Both a and b e. Fibrocartilage d.What type of tissue makes up the epiglottis? a.

Osteoclast b. Spongy bone Answer: c Compact bone is also called dense bone. Indicolite Answer: a Calcium is in a mineral structure in bone and tooth enamel called hydroxyapatite. called a lacuna. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Hydroxyapatite b. Chondroblast c. Bone lining cell Answer: e The mature cell in cartilage is a chondrocyte. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. calcite crystals are not found in man. It is a bone resorbing cell. However. A bone lining cell is a resting osteoblast. Tourmaline is a crystal found in nature. A chondroblast is an immature cartilage cell which produces the cartilaginous matrix.c.What are the mineral crystals in bone called? a. Blue tourmaline is known as indicolite. Pink-red tourmaline is called rubellite. It sits in a space. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. Compact bone has the Haversian system. Tourmaline d. Osteoid Answer: b An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone.Which cell is a resting osteoblast? a. Osteocyte d. Osteoclast e. Page | 30 . It rests in a lacunae surrounded by matrix. Woven bone e. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. Immature bone is woven bone. Osteoblast e. An osteoclast is a bone cell which is involved in resorption of bone. The main component of limestone is calcite and seashells are made of calcite. Calcite c. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone.What is the cylindrical structure in compact bone? a. An osteon is also called a Haversian system. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. 3. Chondrocyte b. Marrow spaces are also present. An osteocyte is a mature bone cell. Compact bone d. Tourmaline crystals are not found in man. Rubellite e. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. The chemical formula is [Ca10 (PO4)6(OH)2] Calcite crystals are calcium carbonate. Osteocyte d. Osteon c. although sometimes they are found on the necks and fingers of women in the form of jewelry. 2. 4.

What cell is an immature bone cell? a. Endochondral bone formation is the process of bone formation where the bone is formed using a cartilage template. 7.What are Sharpey's fibers? a. Sharpey's fibers are collagen fibers that extend into a bone at an angle. Canaliculi b. An osteocyte rests in a space called a lacuna. Trabeculae are the spicules seen with spongy bone. Collagen fibers c. Sharpey's fibers c. Endochondral e. Yellow marrow is primarily fat. Fat c. this process is responsible for enamel production. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: b Sharpey's fibers are collagen fibers that extend into a bone at an angle. Fibrous tissue e. Lacuna Answer: e Canaliculi are the little tunnels within bone. What is bone formation called when the bone is formed from a cartilage template? a. 5. Reticular fibers d. 6. 8. Tome's process is seen in teeth. En bloc c. Intramembranous d. Tome's process e. What is the primary component of red marrow? a.Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. Cartilage d. Bone Answer: a Red marrow contains active hematopoietic tissue. Osteoclast Page | 31 . Intraosseous b. Trabeculae d. Trabeculae e. Hematopoietic tissue b.What is the space that an osteocyte rests in? a. Endosteum Answer: d Intramembranous bone formation is the process of bone formation where the bone is formed without a cartilage template. Elastic fibers b. 9.

3 1. Osteoblast e. Osteocyte d. 2. Compact bone c. An osteon is also called a Haversian system. Tb. Osteon c. Marrow spaces are also present. Osteoid Answer: d Page | 32 . The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Osteoclast b. Osteocyte d.b.What is cancellous bone? a. Osteon c. It is a bone resorbing cell. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. 10. It sits in a space. Compact bone has the Haversian system. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. Osteoid Answer: d An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. Spongy bone e. Immature bone is woven bone. Dense bone b. Compact bone has the Haversian system. Immature bone is woven bone. Osteoblast e.What cell is involved in laying down new bone? a. Woven bone c. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. Spongy bone Answer: e Compact bone is also called dense bone. What is bundle bone? a. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone. Immature bone Answer: e Compact bone is also called dense bone. Dense bone d. Marrow spaces are also present. Compact bone e. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. Immature bone d. Cancellous bone b. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. called a lacuna.

It sits in a space. The space of Disse is also called the perisinusoidal space. It is a bone resorbing cell. Bone is not classified nor is it composed of dense regular connective tissue. Howship's lacuna Answer: e The space of Disse is in the liver. Dense irregular tissue is seen in the dermis. it is not classified nor is it composed of dense irregular connective tissue.An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. 5. Dense irregular connective tissue e. Sharpey's fibers are collagen fibers that extend into a bone at an angle. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte.What is the hollow area underneath an osteoclast called? a. Vacuole d. Elastic fibers b. Sharpey's fibers c. Canaliculi b. However. this process is responsible for enamel production. An osteocyte rests in a space called a lacuna. Dense regular connective tissue is seen in tendons and ligaments. Lacuna Answer: a Canaliculi are the little tunnels within bone. Space of Disse b. collagen fibers are the fibers found in bone. Within the matrix are collagen fibers and proteoglycans. Trabeculae are the spicules seen with spongy bone. Page | 33 . An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. Reticular fibers d. 4. Space of Mall c. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. Although bone is classified as a connective tissue. Collagen fibers c. called a lacuna. Dense regular connective tissue Answer: b The matrix of bone is mineralized. Trabeculae d.What are the small tunnels seen in bone? a. Tome's process is seen in teeth. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. Lacuna e. An osteon is also called a Haversian system.What is in the bone matrix? a. Elastic fibers and reticular fibers are types of fibers seen in connective tissue. 3. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Tome's process e. It is the space between the liver sinusoids and the hepatocytes.

The space that the chondrocyte rests in is a lacuna. Howship's lacuna is a space seen underneath an osteoclast. The periosteum is the connective tissue covering of a bone. Osteoclast b. Cartilage d. Compact bone c. The perichondrium is the connective tissue which surrounds cartilage.What is the covering of a bone? a.What is another term for the Haversian system? a.What is the primary component of yellow marrow? a. The prefix "endo" means within or inner. "endoscope". Osteoblast e. A lacuna is a small space or depression. 6. Endosteum Answer: b The perimysium is the connective tissue sheath which surrounds muscle fascicles. Spongy bone b. Fibrous tissue e. 9. A vacuole is a small clear space within an individual cell.The space of Mall is also in the liver. Fat c. such as in "endosteum". "endocrine". The perineurium is the covering of nerve fascicles. The space of Mall is located at the portal canal and is the region between the connective tissue and the liver parenchymal cells. Howship's lacuna is seen in bone. Yellow marrow is primarily fat. The endosteum is the lining of the inner bone (the side which abuts the medullary cavity). Hematopoietic tissue b. 8. Osteocyte d. It is the site where lymph is formed within the liver. Periosteum c. Perichondrium d. Elastic cartilage e.What forms the articular surface on bones? a. Hyaline cartilage d. Fibrocartilage Answer: c Hyaline cartilage forms the articular surface on bones. Perimysium b. 7. Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "peri" means around. Perineurium e. Osteoid Page | 34 . Bone Answer: b Red marrow contains active hematopoietic tissue. such as in the word "perimeter". Osteon c.

What is the mature bone cell called? a. Woven bone b. Osteocyte d. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone.What is nonlamellar bone? a. Compact bone e. It sits in a space. Dense bone b. Woven bone c. Tb. 2. called a lacuna. An osteon is also called a Haversian system.What is immature bone? a. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. Compact bone has the Haversian system. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. Osteoid Answer: c An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. It sits in a space. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. Cancellous bone d. Dense bone c. Cancellous bone d. Spongy bone Answer: b Compact bone is also called dense bone. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. Compact bone e. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. Osteon c. An osteon is also called a Haversian system. Immature bone is woven bone.4 1. It is a bone resorbing cell. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Compact bone has the Haversian system. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. It is a bone resorbing cell. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Page | 35 .Answer: b An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. Osteoblast e. 10. Osteoclast b. Spongy bone Answer: a Compact bone is also called dense bone. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. Marrow spaces are also present. called a lacuna.

Tome's process e. Osteocyte d. 4. Perichondrium Page | 36 . A chondroblast is an immature cartilage cell which produces the cartilaginous matrix. Marrow spaces are also present. An osteoclast is a bone cell which is involved in resorption of bone. An osteocyte rests in a space called a lacuna. Perimysium b. Trabeculae d. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. Periosteum c. Sharpey's fibers are collagen fibers that extend into a bone at an angle. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone.Immature bone is woven bone. Osteocyte d.What is the lining of the inner bone on the side which abuts the medullary cavity? a. It rests in a lacunae surrounded by matrix. Chondroblast c. Osteoclast b. An osteon is also called a Haversian system.What is unmineralized bone matrix? a. Osteon c. Sharpey's fibers c. Lacuna Answer: b Canaliculi are the little tunnels within bone. Osteoblast e. Trabeculae are the spicules seen with spongy bone. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Canaliculi b. Bone lining cell Answer: c The mature cell in cartilage is a chondrocyte. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. 6. Chondrocyte b. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix. 5. It sits in a space.What are the collagen fibers that extend into bone at an angle called? a. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. Osteoid Answer: e An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. called a lacuna. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. Tome's process is seen in teeth. Osteoclast e. this process is responsible for enamel production. It is a bone resorbing cell. An osteocyte is a mature bone cell.Which cell is the mature bone cell? a. 3. A bone lining cell is a resting osteoblast.

The endosteum is the lining of the inner bone (the side which abuts the medullary cavity). The perichondrium is the connective tissue which surrounds cartilage. Osteon c. Compact bone c. Woven bone Answer: c Compact bone is also called dense bone. Elastic cartilage b.What forms the skeleton of the fetus? a. Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "peri" means around. Osteoid Answer: a An osteoclast is a multinucleated cell involved in the degradation of bone. Spongy bone e. Dense bone e. An osteon is the cylindrical structure with bone. Endochondral ossification will occur during the childhood. Compact bone has the Haversian system.What is spongy bone a. Fibrocartilage d. The cartilage forms a template of the bones. An osteoblast is an immature bone cell. It sits in a space. The osteoblast is the bone forming cell. Cancellous bone d. 8. 7. Osteoblast e. "endoscope". An osteon is also called a Haversian system. It is a bone resorbing cell.Which of the following is a multinucleated cell? a. Hyaline cartilage c. The periosteum is the connective tissue covering of a bone. Immature bone b. replacing the hyaline cartilage with bone. Endosteum Answer: e The perimysium is the connective tissue sheath which surrounds muscle fascicles. Perineurium e. The perineurium is the covering of nerve fascicles. 9. The prefix "endo" means within or inner. The mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. such as in the word "perimeter". called a lacuna. such as in "endosteum". Osteoclast b. "endocrine". Page | 37 . Compact bone Answer: b Hyaline cartilage forms the skeleton of the fetus. Osteocyte d.d. Osteoid is unmineralized bone matrix.

This suffix is used in naming the three granulocytes: eosinophils. monocyte. thus the granules in a neutrophil are neutral colored.Which leukocyte has orange-pink granules? a. basophils. 3. Monocytes e. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: The suffix (or prefix) "phil" comes from the Greek word meaning love. Darah Tb. basophil. The mineralized tissue is seen as spicules. Erythrocytes are red blood cells. and basophils. Leukocytes are the white blood cells. Neutrophil c.3 1. Eosinophils "love" or are attracted to the eosin dye. Lymphocytes b. and neutrophils. The granulocytes consist of neutrophils.Immature bone is woven bone. Basophils c. thus the granules in an eosinophil are orange/pink. Histology hint fom Sarah Bellham: The order of frequency of the leukocytes can be remembered by the mnemonic: "Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas". The non-granulocytes are lymphocytes and monocytes. The order of frequency of the leukocytes is: neutrophil. Neutrophil d. Monocyte d. Eosinophils Answer: a Lymphocytes are the second most abundant leukocyte. thus the granules in a basophil are blue. Basophils Page | 38 . A thrombocyte is a platelet. Basophils "love" or are attracted to the basophilic dye. Erythrocyte e. Neutrophil b. Lymphocyte b.Which of the following is a granulocyte? a. Spongy bone is also referred to as cancellous bone. Marrow spaces are also present. It is nonlamellar bone or bundle bone. Monocytes d. Neutrophils "love" or are attracted to the neutral dye. 2. Thrombocyte Answer: b The granulocytes are named because of the presence of visible cytoplasmic granules. philanthropy and bibliophile. eosinophil. Eosinophil e. Lymphocytes c. eosinophils. lymphocyte. It is seen in such words as philosophy.Which leukocyte is the second most abundant in a peripheral smear of blood? a. It is used to specify an attraction or affinity towards something.

4. therefore they are blue. Neutrophils are granulocytes. and basophils. "poly's". The small lymphocytes are the smallest leukocyte.What is another term for a red blood cell? a. being only slightly larger than an erythrocyte. Leukocytes d. Neutrophils have a multi-lobed nucleus. Eosinophils Answer: b Erythrocytes (red blood cells) are described as biconcave discs. 6. Eosinophils are granulocytes.Answer: d The leukocytes consist of neutrophils. 5. "PMN". The nucleus of eosinophils is usually bi-lobed. Basophils have large blue granules. The lobes are separated by a thin strand. Basophils are granulocytes. medium. Monocyte c. Basophils Answer: c The leukocytes consist of neutrophils. The lobes are separated by a thin strand. monocytes. "poly's". lymphocytes. lymphocytes.Which is the largest leukocyte? a. and large.Which of the following is described as a "biconcave disc"? a. thus the "central pallor". Lymphocytes can be categorized by three sizes: small. Neutrophil b. Monocytes e. Because of the shape of the nucleus. Erythrocyte Answer: e An erythrocyte is another name for a red blood cell. this phenomenon results in the central portion of the cell staining lighter. neutrophils are also called "polymorphonuclear neutrophils". Lymphocyte d. Because of the shape of the nucleus. monocytes. Monocytes are agranulocytes. Monocytes d. Thrombocyte b. Lymphocytes are agranulocytes. "PMN". neutrophils are also called "polymorphonuclear neutrophils". Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: A biconcave disc can be visualized by holding two Frisbees together so that the middle portion is thinner than the top or bottom. Lymphocytes c. Neutrophils have a multi-lobed nucleus. which often obscure the nucleus. Eosinophil e. Erythrocytes c. When stained. The granules are basophilic. Eosinophils have prominent orange pink granules. and basophils. or "polymorph". or "polymorph". eosinophils. eosinophils. Page | 39 . Platelets b. Neutrophils are granulocytes. They are the largest leukocyte. Basophil e.

pick the one best answer. OTOT Tb. The sarcoplasm is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell. Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. Endomysium Answer: a The outer connective tissue covering of a muscle is the epimysium. Myofilaments b. there are subdivisions called fascicles. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. Myosin c. therefore they are blue. The perimysium surrounds these muscle fascicles. Epimysium b. The small lymphocytes are the smallest leukocyte. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. The nucleus of eosinophils is usually bi-lobed. Muscle fibers b. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. Myofibrils c.What is myosin? a. Sarcoplasm c. Thus. Lymphocytes can be categorized by three sizes: small. Sarcolemma e. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. Page | 40 . Monocytes are agranulocytes. The sarcolemma is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell. Basophils are granulocytes. which often obscure the nucleus. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber. The endomysium is the covering around an individual muscle fiber. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. Myofibrils e.What is the outer connective tissue covering of a muscle? a. Myocardium Answer: e Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. and large.Where is cardiac muscle found? a. being only slightly larger than an erythrocyte. Muscle cell Answer: d Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. Eosinophils have prominent orange pink granules. Muscle fibers d. 1. Myocardium d. 2.2 Instructions: For each histology question. Thus. 3.Lymphocytes are agranulocytes. Basophils have large blue granules. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. The granules are basophilic. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. Eosinophils are granulocytes. Within the muscle. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin. Perimysium d. Myofilament e. medium. They are the largest leukocyte. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1).

Motor unit b. Intermediate fibers d. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: d Both skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle have visible striations. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. Smooth muscle d. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. Motor neuron c. 5. The Tour de France is a bicycle race which covers between 3500 to 4000 kilometers. Skeletal muscle b.What type of muscle is specialized for contraction? a. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. Collectively. skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle are classified as "striated muscle". Red fibers are smaller in diameter. Intermediate fibers Page | 41 . Both "a" and "b" e. white fibers are larger in diameter. Red fibers b. 7.What type of muscle has visible cross striations? a. Cardiac muscle c. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. white fibers or intermediate fibers. White fibers c. 6. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. A neuromuscular spindle is a receptor which is sensitive to stretching of the muscle.What is released at a synapse? a. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: e The fundamental property of muscle tissue is that it is specialized for contraction. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Cardiac muscle c. Smooth muscle d. A neurotransmitter is the chemical released by a nerve at a synapse. Skeletal muscle b. A motor neuron is a neuron which innervates a muscle cell.4.Lance Armstrong is the seven time winner of the Tour de France. White fibers c. All of the above e. 8. Red fibers b. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power.Which fiber type is more resistant to fatigue? a. The point of contact where a neuron contacts a muscle is the motor end plate. Neurotransmitter Answer: e A single motor neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron is called the motor unit. Neuromuscular spindle e. Both "a" and "b" e. Motor end plate d. What type of muscle fiber probably predominates in his legs? a.

Myofilaments Page | 42 . white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. white fibers are larger in diameter. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. how many thin filaments surround each thick filament? a. Z line d. 9. Epimysium Answer: b The outer connective tissue covering of a muscle is the epimysium. A band b. 8 Answer: d On a cross section of a muscle. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. All of the above e. there are subdivisions called fascicles. The H band bisects the A band. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. 6 e. Endomysium b. The sarcoplasm is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell. The endomysium is the covering around an individual muscle fiber. The M line runs through the H band.What is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell called? a. each thick filament is surrounded by 6 thin filaments.d. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. I band c. 3 c. The I band is made of thin filaments. Myofibrils c. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. The sarcolemma is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell. 2. H band e. Within the muscle. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers.3 1. 4 d. Myocardium b. What are the thin filaments? a. A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. 2 b. The I band is the light band. Sarcoplasm d. The perimysium surrounds these muscle fascicles. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. Tb. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers.On a cross section of a muscle. Perimysium e. M line Answer: b The A band is the darker staining band. 10. Sarcolemma c.What region is made of thin filaments? a. The Z line runs through the I band.

Non striated muscle is also called smooth muscle. The nuclei are seen on the periphery. Occasionally. Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. All of the above e. The tongue.Which of the following is composed of skeletal muscle? a. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. Both "a" and "b" e. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: c Smooth muscle is composed of spindle shaped cells. Myosin Answer: c Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. Heart Answer: a There are two chief categories of muscle: striated and non striated muscle (smooth muscle).Which fiber type is smaller in diameter? a. Smooth muscle d. white fibers are larger in diameter. Smooth muscle is involuntary muscle. biceps muscle. Skeletal muscle b. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. Striated muscle can be sub-categorized into cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. Walls of the visceral organs d. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. White fibers c. Cardiac muscle c. The heart is composed of cardiac muscle. cardiac muscle is binucleated. white fibers or intermediate fibers.What type of muscle is composed of spindle shaped cells? a. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: a Skeletal muscle is multinucleated. 5. Muscle fibers e.d. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. Cardiac muscle c. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber. Both "a" and "b" e. 3. Lower esophagus e. Thus. Red Page | 43 . 6. and upper esophagus are made of striated muscle. Intermediate fibers d. Smooth muscle d. It is found in viscera and blood vessels. Blood vessel c.What type of muscle is always multinucleated? a. Tongue b. Red fibers b. 4. Skeletal muscle b.

All of the above e. A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. A band b. 7.What type of muscle probably predominates in Charles Atlas. White fibers c. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. None of the above Answer: b Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. white fibers or intermediate fibers. white fibers are larger in diameter. Red fibers b. I band c.Which fiber type fatigues more readily? a. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. The H band bisects the A band. Z line d. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. 9. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Page | 44 . Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. The I band is made of thin filaments. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. M line Answer: c The A band is the darker staining band. None of the above Answer: b Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. All of the above e. white fibers are larger in diameter. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. The M line runs through the H band. the worlds most famous power weight lifter? a. White fibers c. Intermediate fibers d.fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. Intermediate fibers d. H band e. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. The I band is the light band.What is line that bisects the light band in muscle? a. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. Red fibers b. The Z line runs through the I band. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. 8.

Tb. Sarcolemma Answer: c The outer connective tissue covering of a muscle is the epimysium. "endocrine".What are the thick filaments composed of? a. The sarcoplasm is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. Myosin c. The endosteum is the lining of the inner bone (the side which abuts the medullary cavity). Biceps muscle b. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. The sarcolemma is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell. there are subdivisions called fascicles. Perichondrium d.4 1. Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin. "endoscope". Myofibrils e. Sarcoplasm b. Myocardium Answer: b Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. Perimysium c. Endomysium d. The endomysium is the covering around an individual muscle fiber. Within the muscle. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. The perineurium is the covering of nerve fascicles.What is the covering of an individual muscle fiber? a. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber. such as in "endosteum". 2. Periosteum c. The perichondrium is the connective tissue which surrounds cartilage. Epimysium e. Perimysium b. The prefix "endo" means within or inner. The perimysium surrounds these muscle fascicles.10.What is the name of the tissue which surrounds muscle fascicles? a. such as in the word "perimeter". Myofilaments b. 3. Heart Page | 45 . Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "peri" means around. Muscle fibers d.Which of the following is composed of cardiac muscle? a. Perineurium e. Thus. Tongue c. The periosteum is the connective tissue covering of a bone. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. Endosteum Answer: a The perimysium is the connective tissue sheath which surrounds muscle fascicles.

What type of muscle contains centrally placed nuclei? a.Which fiber type makes up slow-twitch muscle? a. 6. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle.d. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Motor end plate d. The tongue. Both "a" and "b" e. The centrally placed nucleus seen in cardiac muscle is one of the things that can be used to distinguish between the two. Non striated muscle is also called smooth muscle. The nuclei are located on the periphery of the cell. Intermediate fibers d. white fibers are larger in diameter. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. Smooth muscle is involuntary muscle. Motor neuron c. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. Upper esophagus e. The heart is composed of cardiac muscle. Neuromuscular spindle e. and upper esophagus are made of striated muscle. Page | 46 . Cardiac muscle c. White fibers c. 4. Motor unit b. Walls of the visceral organs Answer: c There are two chief categories of muscle: striated and non striated muscle (smooth muscle). Smooth muscle b. Striated muscle can be sub-categorized into cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. Neurotransmitter A single motor neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron is called the motor unit.What is the point that a neuron contacts a muscle called? a. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. A motor neuron is a neuron which innervates a muscle cell. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. A neuromuscular spindle is a receptor which is sensitive to stretching of the muscle. A neurotransmitter is the chemical released by a nerve at a synapse. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: d Skeletal muscle fibers are multinucleated. there is also a centrally placed nucleus. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. Red fibers b. Skeletal muscle d. In smooth muscle. 5. biceps muscle. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. PEARL from Sarah Bellham: This is an important point. All of the above e. In cardiac muscle. It is found in viscera and blood vessels. The point of contact where a neuron contacts a muscle is the motor end plate. the nucleus is located centrally. as both skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle are striated.

A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. The I band is the light band. white fibers are larger in diameter. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. The Z line runs through the I band.What bisects the H band a. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: b Intercalated discs are seen in cardiac muscle. Intermediate fibers d. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Z line d. A band b. The I band is made of thin filaments.What type of muscle has intercalated discs? a. White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. None of the above Answer: b Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. The Z line runs through the I band. M line Answer: a The A band is the darker staining band. The I band is the light band. H band e. E band e. I band c. A band b. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. Cardiac muscle c. The H band bisects the A band. The M line runs through the H band. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. All of the above e. Skeletal muscle b. 10. The H band bisects the A band. 8. M line Answer: e The A band is the darker staining band. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. Z line d.What is the dark band in muscle? a. I band c. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers.7. Tb. 9. Both "a" and "b" e. White fibers c. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. Smooth muscle d. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. The I band is made of thin filaments.Which fiber type uses more anaerobic metabolism? a. Red fibers b.4 Page | 47 . The M line runs through the H band. Intercalated discs are specialized junctions between cardiac cells.

Elastic arteries are the arteries leaving the heart and the major branches. 4. None. Venules are small branches of veins. The walls in veins are thinner than the walls in arteries.Which layer in an artery is primarily skeletal muscle? a. Most of the named arteries are muscular arteries (with the exception of the aorta and the major branches off the aorta). None of the above Answer: e The tunica intima is the innermost layer of a blood vessel. Elastic artery e. The tunica media is primarily smooth muscle. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: Elastic arteries also have an internal elastic membrane.In which structure are things moved across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles? a.At what level of the vascular tree does gas exchange occur? a. a pronounced internal elastic membrane and external elastic membrane are distinguishing characteristics of muscular arteries. The lumen of a vein is smaller than the lumen of an artery e. Gaseous exchange between the blood and tissues occurs at the level of the capillaries. The lumen of a vein is larger than the lumen of an artery. Capillary b. discrete internal elastic membrane is not visible.Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature between larger veins and arteries? a. However. Fenestrated capillaries Page | 48 . The tunica externa or tunica adventitia is the outer layer of a blood vessel. 2. 3. Tunica intima b. Arterioles are small branches of arteries with only one or two layers of smooth muscle in the tunica media. Venule d. It is lined by endothelium The tunica media is the middle layer of a blood vessel. Tunica externa d. In large vessels. The walls in veins are thinner than the walls in arteries d. However. Arterioles regulate the amount of blood going into the capillary bed. Tunica media c. Muscular artery Answer: a Capillaries are very thin walled in order to easily allow the exchange of gases. Arteriole c. The dividing line between elastic arteries and muscular arteries is not clear cut. the tunica adventitia contains vasa vasorum (blood vessels) and nervi vascularis (nerves). that a single. The tunics in veins are not as clearly delimited as are the tunics in arteries. Continuous capillaries b. All of the above e.1. The tunics in veins are not as clearly delimited as are the tunics in arteries c. Veins have valves whereas arteries do not have valves b. there is so much elastic material in the tunica intima of an elastic artery. The aorta is an elastic artery. All of the above are true Answer: d Veins have valves whereas arteries do not have valves.

7. Epithelioid tissue b. Transitional e.What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the blood vessels? a. Sinusoidal capillaries d. AV anastomoses e. It is lined by endothelium The tunica media is the middle layer of a blood vessel. the tunica adventitia contains vasa vasorum (blood vessels) and nervi vascularis (nerves). Endothelium d. the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. and bone marrow. Page | 49 .What is a thoroughfare which is a an intermediate between an arteriole and capillary? a. Tunica media c. The tunica media is primarily smooth muscle. Metcapillary b. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. Venous sinus Answer: a A characteristic of continuous capillaries is that things are transported across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. spleen. A venous sinus is a venous space lined by endothelium. All of the above e. but it does not have a free surface. In large vessels. Tunica externa d. 5. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together. None of the above A metarteriole is a thoroughfare that can be considered an intermediate between an arteriole and capillary is a metarteriole. 6. Tunica intima b. It bypasses the capillary bed. Metartery c. The tunica externa or tunica adventitia is the outer layer of a blood vessel. An arteriovenous anastomoses (AV anastomoses or AV shunt) is a direct route between arteries and veins. Sinusoidal capillaries (sinusoids) are wide leaky capillaries. A venous sinus surrounding the brain exists which is called the dural sinus. Mesothelium c. Metvenule d.c. Pseudostratified Answer: c Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. A characteristic of fenestrated capillaries is the presence of pores or fenestrae. None of the above Answer: a The tunica intima is the innermost layer of a blood vessel. They are found in the liver.Which layer in an artery contains the endothelium? a. Metarteriole e.

The prefix "pseudo" means false. The dividing line between elastic arteries and muscular arteries is not clear cut. spleen. However. but it is not really stratified. the pericardial cavity. Arteriole c. 9. discrete internal elastic membrane is not visible.post capillary venule -vein. exceptions to this pattern of blood flow exist. None of the above is correct. Venule d.Which of the following is a distinct structure found specifically in the liver. there is so much elastic material in the tunica intima of an elastic artery. Arterioles regulate the amount of blood going into the capillary bed. Liver c. Brain e. Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. Elastic arteries are the arteries leaving the heart and the major branches. 10. The aorta is an elastic artery. Thus the name. Capillary b. Elastic artery e. Gaseous exchange between the blood and tissues occurs at the level of the capillaries. The phenomenon when an arteriole is between two capillary beds is called an arterial portal system. Venules are small branches of veins.arteriole . However.capillary . Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified.What is the brachial artery? a. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. This is seen in the kidney. Muscle d. 8. Most of the named arteries are muscular arteries (with the exception of the aorta and the major branches off the aorta).In which of the following is a portal system NOT found? a. such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane. and the thoracic cavity. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. that a single. Arterioles are small branches of arteries with only one or two layers of smooth muscle in the tunica media. and bone marrow? a. Kidney b. Another example of a venous portal system is seen in the brain between the hypothalamus and pituitary. Muscular artery Answer: e Capillaries are very thin walled in order to easily allow the exchange of gases. a portal system is found in all of the above Answer: c The normal flow of blood is as follows: artery .Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity. However. Continuous capillaries Page | 50 . Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: Elastic arteries also have an internal elastic membrane. The phenomenon when a vein is between two capillary beds is called a venous portal system. a pronounced internal elastic membrane and external elastic membrane are distinguishing characteristics of muscular arteries. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. An example of this is the hepatic portal system.

Epimysium b. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber. Sarcolemma c. Myosin c. The sarcoplasm is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell. Sarcoplasm e. 3. An arteriovenous anastomoses (AV anastomoses or AV shunt) is a direct route between arteries and veins. Heart d. They are found in the liver.What is the cytoplasm of a muscle cell? a. Fenestrated capillaries c. Page | 51 . Perimysium Answer: d The outer connective tissue covering of a muscle is the epimysium. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. and bone marrow. Tb. Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. Myocardium Answer: c Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. Upper esophagus b.b. A characteristic of fenestrated capillaries is the presence of pores or fenestrae. Myofibrils e. spleen. A venous sinus is a venous space lined by endothelium. A venous sinus surrounding the brain exists which is called the dural sinus. Endomysium d. Myofilaments b. Within the muscle. It bypasses the capillary bed. Tongue Answer: b There are two chief categories of muscle: striated and non striated muscle (smooth muscle). Sinusoidal capillaries (sinusoids) are wide leaky capillaries. The sarcolemma is the plasma membrane of a muscle cell. Muscle fibers d. Sinusoidal capillaries d. Venous sinus Answer: c A characteristic of continuous capillaries is that things are transported across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. 2. The perimysium surrounds these muscle fascicles.Which of the following contains a substantial amount of smooth muscle? a. Biceps muscle e. The endomysium is the covering around an individual muscle fiber. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin.5 1. there are subdivisions called fascicles. Blood vessels c. AV anastomoses e.What is another term for muscle cells? a. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. Thus.

Motor unit b. It is found in viscera and blood vessels. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. Intermediate fibers d. 7. Non striated muscle is also called smooth muscle. 4. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. All of the above e. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. and upper esophagus are made of striated muscle. A motor neuron is a neuron which innervates a muscle cell. All of the above e.Striated muscle can be sub-categorized into cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. Neurotransmitter Answer: a A single motor neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron is called the motor unit.What type of muscle contains actin and myosin? a. Red fibers b. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. 6. Smooth muscle d. Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Intermediate fibers d. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. Cardiac muscle c. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers.What is a single neuron and the aggregation of muscle fibers innervated by that single neuron called? a. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. The point of contact where a neuron contacts a muscle is the motor end plate. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. Motor end plate d. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. Skeletal muscle b. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: e All types of muscle contain actin and myosin. The heart is composed of cardiac muscle. white fibers are larger in diameter. Page | 52 . Red fibers b. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. A neuromuscular spindle is a receptor which is sensitive to stretching of the muscle. Motor neuron c.Which fiber type uses more aerobic metabolism? a. White fibers c. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. The tongue.Which fiber type has a lot of mitochondria? a. Neuromuscular spindle e. White fibers c. white fibers are larger in diameter. 5. biceps muscle. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. None of the above Answer: a Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. Both "a" and "b" e. Smooth muscle is involuntary muscle. A neurotransmitter is the chemical released by a nerve at a synapse.

Smooth muscle has no sarcomeres. Both "a" and "b" e. Red fibers have more mitochondria than white fibers. None of the above Answer: e Skeletal muscle fibers can be classified as red fibers. I band c. H band e. Tb. white fibers make up fast-twitch muscle. 9. white fibers or intermediate fibers. Skeletal muscle b. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: This is an important point. Intermediate fibers d. Cardiac muscle c. Red fibers are smaller in diameter. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: b Branching cells are seen in cardiac muscle. Red fibers b.Which fiber type is seen in smooth muscle? a.What type of muscle has branching cells? a. The H band bisects the A band. Red fibers make up slow-twitch muscle. Smooth muscle d. The branching seen with cardiac muscle is one of the things that can be used to distinguish between the two. Smooth muscle d.6 1. "a" "b" and "c" Answer: d Both skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle have sarcomeres. M line Answer: b The A band is the darker staining band. Both "a" and "b" e. The I band is the light band. A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. A band b. The Z line runs through the I band. Skeletal muscle b.What is the light band in muscle? a. white fibers are larger in diameter. White fibers store glycogen and use anaerobic metabolism. Red fiber and slow twitch muscle is for endurance. The I band is made of thin filaments. Z line d. The M line runs through the H band.What type of muscle contains sarcomeres? a. All of the above e. White fibers c. 8. as both skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle are striated. Page | 53 . Red fibers are more resistant to fatigue than are white fibers. Red fibers have more myoglobin (oxygen binding pigment) than white fibers. Cardiac muscle c. 10.White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power.

Myocardium is the muscular layer of the heart. Page | 54 . Z line d.What are the bundle of longitudinal contractile elements within a muscle cell called? a. The I band is made of thin filaments. The thin filaments are actin and the thick filaments are myosin. the myocardium is composed of cardiac muscle. The term "muscle cell" and "muscle fiber" are synonymous. The I band is the light band. The H band bisects the A band. I band c. A sarcomere is the segment that runs from Z line to Z line. Myofibrils e. The Z line runs through the I band. The myofilaments are actin and myosin. H band e.A sarcomere is defined as the segment from _____ to ____? a. 3. A myofibril is a longitudinal bundle of myofilaments within a muscle cell. Myocardium Answer: d Myofilaments are the contractile protein within a muscle cell. A band b.White fiber and fast twitch muscle is for a burst of power. Muscle fibers d. Myofilaments b. 2. M line Answer: c The A band is the darker staining band. The M line runs through the H band. Thus. Myosin c. The muscle cell is a muscle fiber.

Bipolar neurons are found in the retina. Page | 55 .What are the supporting cells in the central nervous system called? a. A ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the CNS. A bipolar neuron has two process that branch from it: an axon and a dendrite. Sciatic nerve e. All of the above Answer: e The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. a unipolar neuron is sometimes also called a pseudounipolar neuron. Sensory neurons are unipolar. All other nervous system elements are considered to be in the peripheral nervous system. and the region of the nose involved with smell. the brachial plexus. Both a and b Answer: d Most neurons in the body (over 99%) are multipolar. 3. Ganglia d. Basket cells c. Brachial plexus c. Unipolar b. Basket cells are a type of neuron seen in the cerebellum. Bipolar d. Neuroglia e.Which of the following is an element of the peripheral nervous system? a. inner ear. 2. Neuroglia are the supporting cells in the central nervous system Sometimes. Schwann cells b.What are most neurons in the body? a. neuroglia called glial cells or glia.Sistem saraf Tb. and ganglia.1 Instructions: For each histology question. Multipolar e. Satellite cells are found in the ganglia of the peripheral nervous system. the sciatic nerve. Thus the peripheral nervous system includes receptors. Thus. Receptors b. Ganglion d. pick the one best answer. Satellite cells Answer: d Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. Neurons can be classified based on the number of axons and dendrites stemming off of the cell body. A unipolar neuron has one process which branches off of it This process then immediately divides into two. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). Bipolar neurons are not very common and are found in some of the organs for special senses. 1. Pseudounipolar c.

Nissl bodies or Nissl substance. Motor neurons and interneurons are multipolar. 5. Ganglion b.Multipolar neurons have one axon and many (at least two) dendrites that branch off of it. 7. Gray matter is essentially neuron cell bodies and associated dendrites or unmyelinated axons.What is the cell body of a neuron called? a. Fixed macrophages are given a unique name. An astrocyte is a supporting cell seen in the central nervous system.Which meninx is made of a delicate web like connective tissue? a.What provides tensile strength to a neuron? a. 6. Neurofilaments Answer: e The meninges are composed of the three connective tissue covers which surround the brain and spinal cord. Nodes of Ranvier are the gaps that occur in the myelin sheath.Which cell is a macrophage found in the central nervous system? a. The cell body of a neuron is called a perikaryon or soma. Motor neurons b. Dust cell d. Myelinated nerve fibers c. Both a and b e. Nissl e. Dura mater b. 8. Pia mater Page | 56 . Nodes of Ranvier e. The basophilic clusters of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic seen in neuron cell bodies is called Nissl. Langerhans cells are macrophages seen in the skin. Many tissues have resident (fixed) macrophages. Arachnoid c. Neurofilaments are a type of intermediate filaments seen in neurons which provide rigidity and tensile strength. All of the above Answer: d Both motor neurons and interneurons are multipolar. Microglia Answer: e Macrophages are mononuclear phagocytes. depending on the tissue that they are located in. It is also called an axon terminal or end bulb. White matter is myelinated nerve fibers. Cell bodies d. Meninges b. Astrocyte d. The terminal bouton will be associated with another neuron in a synapse. Most neurons are multipolar. Histiocyte c. Perikaryon c. Interneurons c. Kupffer cells are the hepatic macrophages. The terminal bouton is the end portion of an axon. Microglia are the central nervous system macrophages. 4. Histiocytes are macrophages seen in connective tissue. Kupffer cells b. Langerhans cell e. Dust cells are alveolar macrophage found in the respiratory tract. Sensory neurons d. Terminal bouton Answer: b A ganglion is a collection of neuron cell bodies outside of the central nervous system.Which type of neuron is multipolar? a.

What are the conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum called? a. Soma d. The pia mater is the innermost meninx. arachnoid. and pia mater. The arachnoid is made of a delicate spider web like connective tissue. The outer part of the brain is gray matter called the cortex. Microglia are the central nervous system macrophages. All of the above Answer: b The meninges cover the brain and spinal cord.2 1. Both a and b e. Nuclei Answer: e A group of fibers traveling together to a destination is a tract. Sometimes. astrocytes are the most abundant and the largest. 10. Schwann cells b. Islets of Langerhans are seen in the pancreas.d. These are star shaped cells involved in the blood brain barrier. Tracts b. ependymal cells. The dura mater is the outer meninx. Astrocytes. Islets c. Astrocytes b. Of the neuroglia cells. Ependymal cells line the ventricles and spinal canal. Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. Oligodendrocytes form myelin in the central nervous system. Ganglion Page | 57 . It covers the brain intimately. The conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum are called nuclei. neuroglia called glial cells or glia. and microglia are all neuroglia. Soma is another term for a neuron cell body. arachnids and arachnoid. Microglia e. oligodendrocytes. Cortex e.Which of the following is involved in the blood brain barrier? a. The dura mater is composed of dense irregular connective tissue. There are three: dura mater. Tb. Basket cells c. 9.Which of the following forms myelin in the peripheral nervous system? a. Oligodendrocytes d. Note from Sarah Bellham: Arachnoid is derived from the Greek word for spider. Ependymal cells c. Schwann cells Answer: a Neuroglia are the supporting cells of the central nervous system. Schwann cells are seen in the peripheral nervous system and are not considered neuroglia. It is used in the words arachnophobia.

It is also called an axon terminal or end bulb. Multipolar neurons have one axon and many (at least two) dendrites that branch off of it. Bipolar neurons are found in the retina. 5. Both a and b Answer: d Motor neurons are multipolar. and ganglia.What is tissue which surrounds a nerve fascicle? a. Thus the peripheral nervous system includes receptors. inner ear. All other nervous system elements are considered to be in the peripheral nervous system. The basophilic clusters of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic seen in neuron cell bodies is called Nissl. Neuroglia e. Ganglia e. The cell body of a neuron is called a perikaryon or soma. 3. Spinal cord Answer: e The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. A bipolar neuron has two process that branch from it: an axon and a dendrite. Perimysium Page | 58 . A unipolar neuron has one process which branches off of it This process then immediately divides into two. Bipolar d.What are motor neurons? a. Brachial plexus c. Basket cells are a type of neuron seen in the cerebellum. Receptors b. a unipolar neuron is sometimes also called a pseudounipolar neuron. Satellite cells are found in the ganglia of the peripheral nervous system. Terminal bouton Answer: a A ganglion is a collection of neuron cell bodies outside of the central nervous system. Ganglion b. and the region of the nose involved with smell. 4. Sensory neurons are unipolar. Unipolar b. Pseudounipolar c. The terminal bouton will be associated with another neuron in a synapse.d. the brachial plexus. Neuroglia are the supporting cells in the central nervous system Sometimes. Bipolar neurons are not very common and are found in some of the organs for special senses. Perikaryon c. Most neurons are multipolar. Thus. neuroglia called glial cells or glia. Sciatic nerve d. the sciatic nerve. A ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the CNS. Motor neurons and interneurons are multipolar. An astrocyte is a supporting cell seen in the central nervous system. Neurons can be classified based on the number of axons and dendrites stemming off of the cell body. Astrocyte d.What is a collection of cell bodies outside the CNS called? a. Nissl e. 2. Multipolar e.Which of the following is an element of the central nervous system? a. Satellite cells Answer: a Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. The terminal bouton is the end portion of an axon. Nissl bodies or Nissl substance.

"endoscope". Perichondrium d.Where is the cerebrospinal fluid? a. There are three: dura mater. Myelinated nerve fibers c. Nodes of Ranvier e. what is gray matter? a.b. Gray matter is essentially neuron cell bodies. Nodes of Ranvier are the gaps that occur in the myelin sheath. Endosteum Answer: d The perimysium is the connective tissue sheath around fascicles of muscle. Perineurium e. Subdural space c. Pia mater d. Periosteum c. None of the above Answer: c The cerebrospinal fluid is found in the subarachnoid space. Both a and c e. Between the pia mater and brain e. 7. The periosteum is the connective tissue covering of a bone.The colloquialism "gray matter" refers to somebody using his intellect or reasoning ability. and pia mater. such as in "endosteum". The prefix "endo" means within or inner. Page | 59 . The perineurium is the covering of nerve fascicles. White matter is myelinated nerve fibers. Meninges b. 6. arachnoid. The perichondrium is the connective tissue which surrounds cartilage. The arachnoid is made of a delicate spider web like connective tissue. All of the above Answer: e The meninges cover the brain and spinal cord. Neurofilaments are a type of intermediate filaments seen in neurons. "endocrine". The subarachnoid space is the space between the arachnoid and the pia mater. such as in the word "perimeter". Dura mater b. Between the dura mater and bone b. The dura mater is composed of dense irregular connective tissue. Arachnoid c.Which of the following are considered to be part of the meninges? a. Neurofilaments Answer: c A ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the central nervous system. Subarachnoid space d. The dura mater is the outer meninx. Note from Sarah Bellham: The prefix "peri" means around. 8. The endosteum is the lining of the inner bone (the side which abuts the medullary cavity). Cell bodies d. In reality.

Note from Sarah Bellham: Arachnoid is derived from the Greek word for spider. Nuclei Answer: d A group of fibers traveling together to a destination is a tract. Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. Ganglion d.Which of the following is a supporting cell found in the ganglia? a. A ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the CNS. Basket cells are a type of neuron seen in the cerebellum. neuroglia called glial cells or glia. Basket cells c.What is the outer gray matter of the brain called? a. oligodendrocytes. Cortex e. 2.The pia mater is the innermost meninx. Oligodendrocytes d. Ependymal cells line the ventricles and spinal canal. and microglia are all neuroglia. Brachial plexus Page | 60 . 10. Tb. Of the neuroglia cells. 9.Which of the following is the most abundant neuroglia cell? a. Astrocytes b. Tracts b. Microglia are the central nervous system macrophages. The outer part of the brain is gray matter called the cortex. neuroglia called glial cells or glia. Microglia e. These are star shaped cells involved in the blood brain barrier. Receptors b. Astrocytes. Islets of Langerhans are seen in the pancreas. Ependymal cells c. astrocytes are the most abundant and the largest.Which of the following is an element of the central nervous system? a. Sometimes. Neuroglia are the supporting cells in the central nervous system Sometimes. Islets c. ependymal cells. The conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum are called nuclei. Satellite cells are found in the ganglia of the peripheral nervous system. It covers the brain intimately. Soma d. Schwann cells are seen in the peripheral nervous system and are not considered neuroglia. Soma is another term for a neuron cell body. Neuroglia e. Schwann cells Answer: a Neuroglia are the supporting cells of the central nervous system. Oligodendrocytes form myelin in the central nervous system. Satellite cells Answer: e Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. arachnids and arachnoid. It is used in the words arachnophobia.3 1. Schwann cells b.

Most neurons are multipolar.000.000. An astrocyte is a supporting cell seen in the central nervous system. Brain d. Nissl e.What are interneurons? a. The terminal bouton is the end portion of an axon.000 (10 to the 4th) b.000 (10 to the 10th) to 100.c.000.000. a unipolar neuron is sometimes also called a pseudounipolar neuron. 10.000. 5. 10. 10.000. Terminal bouton Answer: c A ganglion is a collection of neuron cell bodies outside of the central nervous system. 10. Unipolar b.000 (10 to the 13th) e. Myelinated nerve fibers c. It is also called an axon terminal or end bulb. Nissl bodies or Nissl substance.What are the gaps that occur within the myelin sheath? a.000. The terminal bouton will be associated with another neuron in a synapse. Thus.000 (10 to the 7th) c. The cell body of a neuron is called a perikaryon or soma. and ganglia. Ganglia e. Perikaryon c.000. Neurons can be classified based on the number of axons and dendrites stemming off of the cell body. Bipolar neurons are not very common and are found in some of the organs for special senses.000. Sensory neurons are unipolar.000.Which of the following is supporting cell of the central nervous system? a. Pseudounipolar c. Ganglion b. The basophilic clusters of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic seen in neuron cell bodies is called Nissl. and the region of the nose involved with smell. Multipolar neurons have one axon and many (at least two) dendrites that branch off of it.000 (10 to the 10th) d.000. Motor neurons and interneurons are multipolar.000. Meninges b. the brachial plexus. 10.How many neurons are in the body of man? a.000.000 (10 to the 16th Answer: c There are 10. Astrocyte d.000. Thus the peripheral nervous system includes receptors. the sciatic nerve. Cell bodies Page | 61 . Both a and b Answer: d Interneurons are multipolar. Bipolar neurons are found in the retina. 4. Sciatic nerve Answer: c The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. inner ear. 6. Multipolar e.000 (10 to the 11th) neurons. Bipolar d. All other nervous system elements are considered to be in the peripheral nervous system. A bipolar neuron has two process that branch from it: an axon and a dendrite. 3. A unipolar neuron has one process which branches off of it This process then immediately divides into two.

Nervous tissue Answer: b The meninges cover the brain and spinal cord. Schwann cells Answer: b Page | 62 . Nodes of Ranvier e. Endoneurium e. gray matter is on the outer portion. white matter is deeper. Gray matter is also found in conglomerations within the cerebrum and cerebellum where it is called nuclei. The dura mater is the outer meninx. Neurofilaments Answer: d A ganglion is a collection of nerve cell bodies outside of the central nervous system. Gray matter is found in the central portion of the spinal cord in a butterfly shape. Astrocytes b.What surrounds a nerve? a. and gray matter is deeper. Oligodendrocytes d. Neurofilaments are a type of intermediate filaments seen in neurons. white matter is on the outer portion. The perineurium surrounds a bundle of nerve fibers. 10. On the cerebrum and cerebellum. 9. Ependymal cells c. White matter is myelinated nerve fibers. Microglia e.Which of the following lines the ventricles? a. is white matter. The dura mater is composed of dense irregular connective tissue. Nodes of Ranvier are the gaps that occur in the myelin sheath. White matter is on the outer portion of the spinal cord. For the spinal cord. It is called the cortex. The epineurium surrounds a nerve. Outer surface of the spinal cord c. Dense irregular connective tissue c. Inner portion of the spinal cord d. Simple squamous epithelium e. Neurium b. None of the above Answer: c The endoneurium surrounds a nerve fiber. Gray matter is essentially neuron cell bodies. 8.d. Dense regular connective tissue d. Loose irregular connective tissue b. Note from Sarah Bellham: Notice that the distribution of gray matter and white matter for the brain and spinal cord is the reverse of each other. Perineurium c. Both a and b e.Where is gray matter? a. Outer surface of the cerebrum and cerebellum b. Both a and c Answer: e The outer part of the cerebrum and cerebellum is gray matter. 7. Epineurium d. Underneath the cortex.What is the dura mater composed of? a.

Ependymal cells line the ventricles and spinal canal. VESSELS Tb. neuroglia called glial cells or glia.Neuroglia are the supporting cells of the central nervous system. Oligodendrocytes form myelin in the central nervous system. Astrocytes. Schwann cells are seen in the peripheral nervous system and are not considered neuroglia. Of the neuroglia cells.1 Page | 63 . Schwann cells are responsible for the myelination of neurons in the peripheral nervous system. Microglia are the central nervous system macrophages. ependymal cells. These are star shaped cells involved in the blood brain barrier. astrocytes are the most abundant and the largest. and microglia are all neuroglia. Sometimes. oligodendrocytes.

The dividing line between elastic arteries and muscular arteries is not clear cut. Tunica media c. None of the above Answer: e The tunica intima is the innermost layer of a blood vessel. The lumen of a vein is larger than the lumen of an artery. Tunica externa d. Venule d. 1. However.Which layer in an artery is primarily skeletal muscle? a. Veins have valves whereas arteries do not have valves b. The tunics in veins are not as clearly delimited as are the tunics in arteries. 2. The tunics in veins are not as clearly delimited as are the tunics in arteries c. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: Elastic arteries also have an internal elastic membrane. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). However. Arteriole c. The walls in veins are thinner than the walls in arteries d. The tunica media is primarily smooth muscle. Elastic artery e.Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature between larger veins and arteries? a. Gaseous exchange between the blood and tissues occurs at the level of the capillaries. The aorta is an elastic artery.At what level of the vascular tree does gas exchange occur? a.Instructions: For each histology question. the tunica adventitia contains vasa vasorum (blood vessels) and nervi vascularis (nerves). The tunica externa or tunica adventitia is the outer layer of a blood vessel. Tunica intima b. Venules are small branches of veins. pick the one best answer. discrete internal elastic membrane is not visible. The lumen of a vein is smaller than the lumen of an artery e. Elastic arteries are the arteries leaving the heart and the major branches. Most of the named arteries are muscular arteries (with the exception of the aorta and the major branches off the aorta). Capillary b. a pronounced internal elastic membrane and external elastic membrane are distinguishing characteristics of muscular arteries. It is lined by endothelium The tunica media is the middle layer of a blood vessel. Muscular artery Answer: a Capillaries are very thin walled in order to easily allow the exchange of gases. The walls in veins are thinner than the walls in arteries. All of the above e. All of the above are true Answer: d Veins have valves whereas arteries do not have valves. Arterioles regulate the amount of blood going into the capillary bed. that a single. there is so much elastic material in the tunica intima of an elastic artery. Page | 64 . Arterioles are small branches of arteries with only one or two layers of smooth muscle in the tunica media. None. 3. In large vessels.

7. The tunica externa or tunica adventitia is the outer layer of a blood vessel. AV anastomoses e. Pseudostratified Answer: c Epithelial tissue has cells that are very tightly packed together. A venous sinus surrounding the brain exists which is called the dural sinus. Tunica externa d. Transitional e. Mesothelium c. None of the above Answer: a The tunica intima is the innermost layer of a blood vessel. Sinusoidal capillaries d. None of the above A metarteriole is a thoroughfare that can be considered an intermediate between an arteriole and capillary is a metarteriole. There is always a free surface associated with epithelial tissue. spleen. and bone marrow.In which structure are things moved across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles? a. Fenestrated capillaries c. Tunica intima b. If a tissue is composed of a conglomeration of cells in tightly packed together. Metartery c. In large vessels. the tunica adventitia contains vasa vasorum (blood vessels) and nervi vascularis (nerves). Sinusoidal capillaries (sinusoids) are wide leaky capillaries. It bypasses the capillary bed. Metvenule d. Venous sinus Answer: a A characteristic of continuous capillaries is that things are transported across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles. An arteriovenous anastomoses (AV anastomoses or AV shunt) is a direct route between arteries and veins. 6. Continuous capillaries b. The tunica media is primarily smooth muscle. Tunica media c. All of the above e.What do you call the simple squamous epithelium that lines the blood vessels? a.4. Metcapillary b.What is a thoroughfare which is a an intermediate between an arteriole and capillary? a. but it does not Page | 65 . A characteristic of fenestrated capillaries is the presence of pores or fenestrae. It is lined by endothelium The tunica media is the middle layer of a blood vessel.Which layer in an artery contains the endothelium? a. Endothelium d. They are found in the liver. 5. Metarteriole e. Epithelioid tissue b. A venous sinus is a venous space lined by endothelium.

Muscle d.In which of the following is a portal system NOT found? a. Most of the named arteries are muscular arteries (with the exception of the aorta and the major branches off the aorta). that a single. the pericardial cavity. An example of this is the hepatic portal system.post capillary venule -vein. Kidney b. An example of epithelioid tissue is the parenchyma of the adrenal gland. Elastic arteries are the arteries leaving the heart and the major branches. and the thoracic cavity. The prefix "pseudo" means false. Page | 66 . However. discrete internal elastic membrane is not visible. such as pseudonym or pseudo-science. Mesothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the abdominal cavity.arteriole . However. The phenomenon when a vein is between two capillary beds is called a venous portal system. the tissue is called epithelioid tissue. Brain e. 8. a pronounced internal elastic membrane and external elastic membrane are distinguishing characteristics of muscular arteries. The dividing line between elastic arteries and muscular arteries is not clear cut. Liver c. Thus the name. This is seen in the kidney. exceptions to this pattern of blood flow exist. Gaseous exchange between the blood and tissues occurs at the level of the capillaries. Muscular artery Answer: e Capillaries are very thin walled in order to easily allow the exchange of gases. Venules are small branches of veins. 9. The aorta is an elastic artery. Another example of a venous portal system is seen in the brain between the hypothalamus and pituitary. Arterioles regulate the amount of blood going into the capillary bed. Pseudostratified epithelium is only one cell layer thick. a portal system is found in all of the above Answer: c The normal flow of blood is as follows: artery . Transitional epithelium has dome shaped cells on the apical surface. Elastic artery e.have a free surface. The phenomenon when an arteriole is between two capillary beds is called an arterial portal system. Transitional epithelium is seen in the urinary tract. Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: Elastic arteries also have an internal elastic membrane. Pseudostratified epithelium appears stratified. Endothelium is simple squamous epithelium that lines the vascular system. Venule d. but it is not really stratified. Arterioles are small branches of arteries with only one or two layers of smooth muscle in the tunica media. However. Capillary b.What is the brachial artery? a. there is so much elastic material in the tunica intima of an elastic artery.capillary . Arteriole c. None of the above is correct. Pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that has cells which all touch the basement membrane.

Sinusoidal capillaries d. A venous sinus surrounding the brain exists which is called the dural sinus. AV anastomoses e. It bypasses the capillary bed. A venous sinus is a venous space lined by endothelium.Which of the following is a distinct structure found specifically in the liver. Venous sinus Answer: c A characteristic of continuous capillaries is that things are transported across the epithelium via pinocytotic vesicles. Sinusoidal capillaries (sinusoids) are wide leaky capillaries. They are found in the liver. An arteriovenous anastomoses (AV anastomoses or AV shunt) is a direct route between arteries and veins. A characteristic of fenestrated capillaries is the presence of pores or fenestrae. Continuous capillaries b. spleen. Fenestrated capillaries c. Page | 67 . and bone marrow. and bone marrow? a. spleen.10.