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Nutritional Deficiency and Its Symptoms


Incidence of Deficiency
Uncommon Average diet contains 40 to 50% of RDA* 90% of diets deficient 75% of diets deficient; average diet contains 50% of RDA*

Typical Symptoms and Diseases
Dermatitis, eye inflammation, hair loss, loss of muscle control, insomnia, muscle weakness Brittle nails, cramps, delusions, depression, insomnia, irritability, osteoporosis, palpitations, peridontal disease, rickets, tooth decay Anxiety, fatigue, glucose intolerance, adult-onset diabetes Anemia, arterial damage, depression, diarrhea, fatigue, fragile bones, hair loss, hyperthyroidism, weakness Diarrhea, dry skin and hair, hair loss, immune impairment, infertility, poor wound healing, premenstrual syndrome, acne, eczema, gall stones, liver degeneration Anemia, apathy, diarrhea, fatigue, headaches, insomnia, loss of appetite, neural tube defects in fetus, paranoia, shortness of breath, weakness



Copper Essential fatty acids

Very common

Folic acid

Average diet contains 60% of RDA*; deficient in 100% of elderly in one study; deficient in 48% of adolescent girls; requirement doubles in pregnancy Uncommon since the supplementation of salt with iodine Most common mineral deficiency


Cretinism, fatigue, hypothyroidism, weight gain Anemia, brittle nails, confusion, constipation, depression, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, inflamed tongue, mouth lesions Anxiety, confusion, heart attack, hyperactivity, insomnia, nervousness, muscular irritability, restlessness, weakness Atherosclerosis, dizziness, elevated cholesterol, glucose intolerance, hearing loss, loss of muscle control, ringing in ears Bad breath, canker sores, confusion, depression, dermatitis, diarrhea, emotional instability, fatigue, irritability, loss of appetite, memory impairment, muscle weakness, nausea, skin eruptions and inflammation Abdominal pains, burning feet, depression, eczema, fatigue, hair loss, immune impairment, insomnia, irritability, low blood pressure, muscle spasms, nausea, poor coordination Acne, constipation, depression, edema, excessive



75 to 85% of diets deficient: average diet contains 50 to 60% of RDA* Unknown, may be common in women



Commonly deficient in elderly

Pantothenic acid (B5) Potassium

Average elderly diet contains 60% of RDA* Commonly deficient in elderly

easy bruising. muscle weakness. insomnia. poor coordination. growth impairment. amnesia. osteomalacia. sensitivity to light. nervousness. weakness Acne. cataracts. brittle nails. delayed sexual maturity. moodiness. male sterility Confusion. dry hair. sleepiness. dermatitis. mouth lesions. mouth lesions. high cholesterol levels. loose teeth. fatigue. spinal cord degeneration Bleeding gums. inflamed eyes. scalp sweating Gait disturbances. depression. loss of vibration sensation. Burning sensation in mouth. poor reflexes. shortened red blood cell life Bleeding disorders Acne. depression. diarrhea. nervousness. memory loss. digestive problems. depression. arthritis. pain sensitivity. insomnia. irritability. nervousness. impaired wound healing. irritability. poor reflexes Pyridoxine (B6) 71% of male and 90% of female diets deficient Acne. dizziness. mental impairment. irritability. diarrhea. loss of appetite. irritability. dizziness. weakness Growth impairment. hyperkeratosis (thickening and roughness of skin). glucose intolerance. headaches. impaired wound healing. mental disturbances. malaise. seizures. immune impairment. joint pains. low stomach acid. fatigue. nausea Blurred vision. fatigue. anemia. apathy. hair loss. neurological symptoms (numbness. fatigue. constipation. nervousness. immune impairment. numbness of hands and feet. intestinal disturbances. fatigue. insomnia. myopia. liver impairment. loss of hair. depression. rickets. loss of sensation. pancreatic insufficiency (inability to secrete adequate amounts of digestive enzymes). constipation. weight loss Anemia. facial oiliness. night blindness. increased incidence of cancer. growth impairment. high cholesterol levels. dizziness. hair loss. numbness. eye inflammation. immune impairment. loss of vibration sense. depression. loss of appetite. impotence. loss of position sense. tiredness.water consumption. "electric shock" sensations). mouth lesions. osteoporosis. Riboflavin Deficient in 30% of elderly Britons Selenium Average diet contains 50% of RDA Thiamin Commonly deficient in elderly Vitamin A 20% of diets deficient Vitamin B-12 Serum levels low in 25% of hospital patients Vitamin C 20 to 50% of diets deficient Vitamin D 62% of elderly women's diets deficient 23% of male and 15% of female diets deficient Deficiency in pregnant women and newborns common Vitamin E Vitamin K Zinc 68% of diets deficient . eczema. high cholesterol levels.

iron. you need them all. cereals. nutritional status .irritability. breads. sugar and salt. Look at the next section for further explanation of The Food Groups. These foods provide calories and little else nutritionally.Vegetables and Fruits. loss of appetite. calcium. loss of sense of taste. margarine. low stomach acid. No one food group is more important than another . and fibre they supply. but not all. Your daily meals should include largest number of servings of these foods each day. mutton. wound healing impairment Looking at the Pieces of the Pyramid The Healthy Diet Pyramid emphasizes foods from the four major food groups shown in the three lower sections of the Pyramid. yogurt. minerals.all foods from grains. Each of these food groups provides some. sugars. These foods are for protein. cheese. fish. eggs. Most people should use them sparingly. Most people need to eat more of these foods for the vitamins. poultry. paranoia. and zinc. These are foods such cooking oils. Foods in one group cannot replace those in another. nuts and seeds. male infertility. of the nutrients you need. pork. night blindness. The third level includes foods that come from plants . chapati. milk. dry beans. On the next level of the Healthy Diet Pyramid are foods that come mostly from animals: Meat and Alternatives like beef. white spots on nails. and pasta . At the base of the Healthy Diet Pyramid are Rice and Alternatives like noodles. sweet desserts. memory impairment. seasonings and sauces. lamb.for good health. oils. The small tip of the Pyramid shows fats. lethargy. butter.

.the state of the body with respect to each nutrient and to the overall state of the body weight and condition.