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2008 Mumbai attacks

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2008 Mumbai Attacks

Map of the 2008 Mumbai attacks 26 November 2008 – 29 November 2008 (IST, UTC +5:30) Bombings, shootings, hostage crisis[1] 175 (166 civilians and security personnel and 9 attackers)[2][3] 308[2]

Date

Attack type

Death(s)

Injured Suspected belligerent(s)
v•d•e

Lashkar-e-Taiba[4][5]

[show]

confirmed that parts of the attack had been planned in Pakistan and said that six people. Cama Hospital (a women and children's hospital).[11] and a lane behind the Times of India building and St.[9] the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower. killing at least 173 people and wounding at least 308.[13] Ajmal Kasab. Contents [hide] • • • 1 Background 2 Attacks o 2.[19] On 12 February 2009.[18] Pakistan's Information Minister Sherry Rehman officially accepted Ajmal Kasab's nationality as Pakistani.[9] There was also an explosion at Mazagaon. which drew widespread condemnation across the world. the United States.1 Entry into India 3 Attack Sites o 3. in Mumbai's port area.1 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . the Pakistan-based militant organization. after more than a month of denying the nationality of the attackers.[2][3][8] Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai: at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. 2010 awarded Ajmal Kasab the death sentence on five counts. and in a taxi at Vile Parle. An action by India's National Security Guards (NSG) on 29 November (the action is officially named Operation Black Tornado) resulted in the death of the last remaining attackers at the Taj hotel. the United Kingdom.[9] Leopold Cafe. were being held in connection with the attacks. began on 26 November 2008 and lasted until 29 November.[17] On 7 January 2009. considered a terrorist organization by India.Insurgent attacks in Mumbai [show] v•d•e Terrorist attacks in India (since 2001) The 2008 Mumbai attacks were more than ten coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai.[10] the Metro Cinema.[20] A trial court on May 6. Xavier's College.[9] the Orthodox Jewish-owned Nariman House.[7] The attacks.[12] By the early morning of 28 November. in a televised news briefing. India's largest city.[16] The Indian Government said that the attackers came from Pakistan. all sites except for the Taj hotel had been secured by Mumbai Police and security forces. the Oberoi Trident. ending all fighting in the attacks. Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik.[14] the only attacker who was captured alive. by Muslim[6] terrorists from Pakistan. the United Nations. disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba.[15] among others. and their controllers were in Pakistan. including the alleged mastermind.

2 Leopold Cafe 3.• • • • • • • 3.5 Nariman House 3.1 Cooperation with Pakistan o 4.[21] The 1993 attacks are believed to be retaliation for the Babri Mosque demolition.1 Movement of Troops o 6.6 End of the attacks 3. killing .3 Arrests 5 Casualties and compensation 6 Aftermath o 6.[24] A bicycle bomb exploded near the Vile Parle station in Mumbai.2 Reactions o 6.[22] On 6 December 2002.2 Attackers o 4.3 Bomb blasts in taxis 3.[23] The bombing occurred on the tenth anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya.3 Kasab's trial o 6.4 Taj Mahal Hotel and Oberoi Trident 3.4 Trials in Pakistan 7 Locations 8 Memorials 9 References o o o o o o 10 External links [edit] Background Main article: Terrorism in Mumbai One of the bomb-damaged coaches at the Mahim station in Mumbai during the 11 July 2006 train bombings There have been many terrorist bombings in Mumbai since 13 co-ordinated bomb explosions killed 257 people and injured 700 on 12 March 1993. a blast in a BEST bus near Ghatkopar station killed two people and injured 28.7 Method 4 Attribution o 4.

a bomb exploded in a train compartment near the Mulund station.[36] [edit] Attack Sites [edit] Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Bullet marks on the wall of the suburban terminus at CST . At least 44 people were killed and 150 injured. the terrorists entered Mumbai on a rubber dinghy. The fishermen's subsequent report to police received little response. including 22 foreigners[30] and over 700 injured. a blast in a BEST bus in Ghatkopar killed 4 people and injured 32.[34] The attackers stayed and were trained by the Lashkar-e-Taiba in a safehouse at Azizabad near Karachi before boarding a small boat for Mumbai. killing the crew of four. They reportedly told local Marathi-speaking fishermen who asked them who they were to "mind their own business" before they split up and headed two different ways. a day before the visit of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India to the city.[35] The first events were detailed around 20:00 Indian Standard Time (IST) on 26 November. seven bombs exploded within 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai.[26] On 28 July 2003. the bombings were carried out by Lashkar-e-Taiba and Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI). hijacked the Indian fishing trawler 'Kuber'. [31] According to Mumbai Police. After killing the captain.[28] On 11 July 2006. had earlier been imprisoned for six months in a Pakistani jail for illegally fishing in Pakistani waters. a day after the tenth anniversary of the 1993 Bombay bombings.[32][33] [edit] Attacks Main article: Timeline of the 2008 Mumbai attacks [edit] Entry into India According to investigations the attackers traveled by sea from Karachi.one person and injuring 25 on 27 January 2003. The captain of 'Kuber'. Amar Singh Solanki. when 10 men in inflatable speedboats came ashore at two locations in Colaba. one near the Gateway of India and the other at Zaveri Bazaar in Kalbadevi. and then forced the captain to sail to Mumbai. killing 10 people and injuring 70.[25] On 13 March 2003.[29] 209 people were killed. Pakistan across the Arabian Sea.[27] On 25 August 2003 two bombs exploded in South Mumbai.

[38] their assault ending at about 22:45. The two gunmen fled the scene and fired at pedestrians and police officers in the streets.[37] using AK-47 rifles. and instead switched off the lights and secured the gates. Many of the outgunned police officers were afraid to confront the terrorists. which had been set up after the wounded police officer radioed for help. The terrorists passed a police station. Kasab struggled with police as they arrested him.[3][37] Security forces and emergency services arrived shortly afterwards. The terrorists headed towards Cama hospital intending to kill patients. However. Kasab and Khan threw grenades and shot a police officer dead before fleeing. They asked the man who gave it to them what his religion was. [edit] Leopold Cafe The Leopold Cafe. Kasab and Khan opened fire on the pursuing vehicle. one of whom.[40] The terrorists fired into the street as they fled the scene. but the hospital staff locked all of the patient wards. and the only survivor was wounded. A team of the Mumbai Anti-Terrorist Squad led by Police chief Hemant Karkare searched the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and then headed out in pursuit of Kasab and Khan. The two men reached the hospital and attempted to enter the patient wards. Bullet marks left at Leopold Cafe . When local police arrived.The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) was attacked by two gunmen.[39] Two attackers opened fire on the cafe on 26 November night. a popular restaurant and bar on Colaba Causeway in South Mumbai. and shot him dead when he said he was a Hindu. killing eight police officers. killing at least 10 people (including some foreigners).[38] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others. the terrorists ran into a police roadblock. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire. Ajmal Kasab. was later caught alive by the police and identified by eyewitnesses. and the police returned fire. was one of the first sites to be attacked. They demanded a glass of water from the hospital staff. and Kasab was wounded. and injuring many more. leading to a gun battle in which Khan was killed. Karkare and four of his officers were killed.

[12][41] [edit] Taj Mahal Hotel and Oberoi Trident Main articles: Taj Mahal Palace & Tower and Oberoi Trident The damaged Oberoi Trident hotel Two hotels. Three people including the driver of the taxi were killed. The first one occurred at 22:40 at Vile Parle. were amongst the four locations targeted. and about 15 other people were injured. Six explosions were reported at the Taj hotel and one at the Oberoi Trident.[45] .[44] however. the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower and the Oberoi Trident. in the Taj Mahal hotel. killing the driver and a passenger. including foreigners. CNN initially reported on the morning of the 27 November 2008 that the hostage situation at the Taj had been resolved and quoted the police chief of Maharashtra stating that all hostages were freed.[edit] Bomb blasts in taxis There were two explosions in taxis caused by timer bombs.[42] [43] At the Taj Mahal. firefighters rescued 200 hostages from windows using ladders during the first night. The second explosion took place at Wadi Bunder between 22:20 and 22:25. it was learned later that day that there were still two attackers holding hostages.

who was barricaded in a hotel room. both hotels were surrounded by Rapid Action Force personnel and Marine Commandos (MARCOS) and National Security Guards (NSG) commandos.[51][52] A number of European Parliament Committee on International Trade delegates were staying in the Taj Mahal hotel when it was attacked.[54] British Conservative Member of the European Parliament (MEP) Sajjad Karim (who was in the lobby when attackers initially opened fire there) and German Social Democrat MEP Erika Mann were hiding in different parts of the building.[59][60] [edit] Nariman House Main article: Nariman House .[56] Another British Conservative MEP.The Wasabi restaurant on the first floor of the Taj Hotel was completely gutted.[55] Also reported present was Spanish MEP Ignasi Guardans.[55][58] Also caught up in the shooting were the President of Madrid. [49][50] Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan of the NSG lost his life as a result of a gun shot during the evacuation of Commando Sunil Yadav who was hit in the leg by a bullet during the rescue operations at Taj.[58] and Indian MP N. while checking in at the Oberoi Trident. reported that he along with several other MEPs left the hotel and went to a nearby restaurant shortly before the attack. During the attacks. Syed Kamall. but eventually left the hotel safely. Krishnadas of Kerala and Sir Gulam Noon while having dinner at a restaurant in the Taj hotel.[57] Kamall and Guardans reported that a Hungarian MEP's assistant was shot.[55] Kamall also reported that Polish MEP Jan Masiel was thought to have been sleeping in his hotel room when the attacks started.[53] but none of them were injured.[48] All attackers were out of the Taj Mahal and Oberoi hotels by the early morning of 29 November. feeds to the hotels were blocked.[46][47] When reports emerged that attackers were receiving television broadcasts. N. Esperanza Aguirre.

the house was stormed by NSG commandos fast-roping from helicopters onto the roof. The following day.[61] Police evacuated adjacent buildings and exchanged fire with terrorists.[69] [edit] Method . and removing bodies of those killed in the attacks. 300 from the Taj and 60 people (members of 12 different families) from Nariman House. causing no casualties. who was six months pregnant. were murdered with other hostages inside the house by the attackers. killing three attackers and resulting in the conclusion of the attacks.[64][65][66] However. was taken over by two attackers and several residents were held hostage.[66] Fires were also reported at the ground floor of the Taj with plumes of smoke arising from the first floor. They also incorrectly believed that the Taj Mahal Palace and Towers had been cleared of attackers. and a Naval helicopter took an aerial survey.[67] The security forces rescued 250 people from the Oberoi.[62] Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg and his wife Rivka Holtzberg. police seized a boat filled with arms and explosives anchored at Mazgaon dock off Mumbai harbour. Local residents were told to stay inside. NSG commandos arrived from Delhi.[66] The final operation at the Taj Mahal Palace hotel was completed by the NSG commandos at 08:00 on 29 November. one NSG commando and both terrorists were killed. the army had secured the Jewish outreach center at Nariman House as well as the Oberoi Trident hotel. During the first day. and soldiers were leading hostages and holedup guests to safety. After a long battle.Front view of the Nariman House a week after the attacks Nariman House. a Chabad Lubavitch Jewish center in Colaba known as the Mumbai Chabad House. Terrorists threw a grenade into a nearby lane. with explosions heard and gunfire exchanged. [68] In addition. later news reports indicated that there were still two or three attackers in the Taj.[63] [edit] End of the attacks By the morning of 27 November. wounding one. 9 hostages were rescued from the first floor. covered by snipers positioned in nearby buildings.

and carried out by ten young armed men trained and sent to Mumbai and directed from inside Pakistan via mobile phones and VoIP.[77] The gunman who survived said that the attackers had used Google Earth to familiarise themselves with the locations of buildings used in the attacks.[75] Type 86 Grenades made by China's state-owned Norinco were used in the attacks. Several sources have quoted Kasab telling the police that the group received help from Mumbai residents. one in Calcutta. and Tausif Rehman.[76] Blood tests on the attackers indicate that they had taken cocaine and LSD during the attacks. to sustain their energy and stay awake for 50 hours. who is from Srinagar in Kashmir.[72] There were also reports of one SIM card purchased in New Jersey. at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The Mumbai attacks were planned and directed by Lashkar-e-Taiba militants inside Pakistan.[70][71] The attackers used at least three SIM cards purchased on the Indian side of the border with Bangladesh.[73] Police had also mentioned that Faheem Ansari. Mikhtar Ahmad.[74] Later.[16][79][80] . and reappear after security forces had left. There were also indications that they had been taking steroids. an Indian Lashkar operative who had been arrested in February 2008. the only terrorist caught alive. Police say that they found syringes on the scenes of the attacks. USA. the police arrested two Indian suspects.[78] [edit] Attribution Main article: Attribution of the 2008 Mumbai attacks See also: Erroneous reporting on the 2008 Mumbai attacks Ajmal Kasab. had scouted the Mumbai targets for the November attacks. They supplied the SIM cards. pointing to some local collusion. and the other in New Delhi.The attackers had planned the attack several months ahead of time and knew some areas well enough for the attackers to vanish. a resident of Kolkata.

an accusation denied by Pakistan.[91] The Indian government supplied evidence to Pakistan and other governments. journalists in Pakistan said security agencies were preventing them from interviewing people from Kasab's village.[80][89] Under U. and U.[88] Pakistani authorities finally agreed the attackers were Pakistani on 7 January 2009. are Pakistani.[82] Mumbai police originally identified 37 suspects –-including two army officers-– for their alleged involvement in the plot. but that the FBI had been more forthcoming. weapons.[94] Meanwhile. pressure.[84][85] One of these men. many of whom are identified only through aliases.[18][89][90] and registered a case against three Pakistani nationals. of planning and executing the assault. Chidambaram said the Pakistani authorities had not shared any information about American suspects Headley and Rana.[83] Two more suspects arrested in the United States in October 2009 for other attacks were also found to have been involved in planning the Mumbai attacks.[93] A year after the attacks. blaming plotters in Bangladesh and Indian criminals.In July 2009 Pakistani authorities confirmed that LeT plotted and financed the attacks from LeT camps in Karachi and Thatta.[81] In November 2009. Mumbai police continued to complain that Pakistani authorities are not cooperating by providing information for their investigation.[97] [edit] Attackers Police looking for attackers outside Colaba . but he was found to be free a few days later.[87] and saying they needed information from India on other bombings first.[4][92] In addition. [edit] Cooperation with Pakistan Pakistan initially contested that Pakistanis were responsible for the attacks. Pakistani authorities charged seven men they had arrested earlier.[95][96] Home Minister P. Pakistani American David Headley. and call records of conversations during the attacks. Indian government officials said that the attacks were so sophisticated that they must have had official backing from Pakistani "agencies".N.[86] a claim rubbished by India. All but two of the suspects.S. Pakistan arrested a few members of Jamaat ud-Dawa and briefly put its founder under house arrest. in the form of interrogations. was found to have made several trips to India before the attacks and gathered video and GPS information on behalf of the plotters.

two Chicago men were arrested and charged by the FBI for involvement in terrorism abroad.[110] In October 2009. In December 2009.[91] Two other men known as Khan and Riaz. [111][112] Headley is reported to have posed as an American Jew and is believed to have links with terrorist outfits based in Bangladesh.[103] Similarly.There were ten gunmen. a retired major in the Pakistani army. The bodies had been in the mortuary of a Mumbai hospital after Muslim clerics in the city refused to let them be buried on their grounds. [106] [edit] Arrests Main article: Ajmal Kasab Ajmal Kasab was the only attacker captured alive by police and is currently under arrest. Headley. had been arrested.[100] It was initially reported that some of the attackers were British citizens. Shoaib from Narowal. Hafiz Arshad and Babr Imran from Multan. which includes Mumbai. along with their home towns in Pakistan: Ajmal Amir from Faridkot. were also arrested. who acquired VoIP phones in Spain for the Mumbai attackers.[113] On March 18.[101][102] but the Indian Government later stated that there was no evidence to confirm this. informed the assembly that the bodies of the 9 killed Pakistani gunmen from the 2008 attack on Mumbai were buried in a secret location in January 2010. nine of whom were subsequently shot dead and one captured by security forces. but whose full names were not given. Headley plead guilty to a dozen charges against him thereby avoiding going to trial.[98][99] Witnesses reported that they looked to be in their early twenties.[105] On April 6. for planning the terror attacks in association with Headley. Dera Ismail Khan is in the North-West Frontier Province. Javed from Okara. and Hamad Ameen Sadiq.[109] Two Pakistanis were arrested in Brescia. and Fahad Ullah from Dipalpur Taluka. wore black t-shirts and jeans. and that they smiled and looked happy as they shot their victims. the ten attackers were identified by Mumbai police. 2010. Nazih and Nasr from Faisalabad. Abdul Rahman from Arifwalla. and movements comes from his confessions to the Mumbai police. David Coleman Headley and Tahawwur Hussain Rana. 2010. the rest of the towns are in Pakistani Punjab. early reports of twelve gunmen[104] were also later shown to be incorrect. a PakistaniAmerican.[114] . who had facilitated money transfer for the attack. travel. the Home minister of Maharashtra State. was charged in November 2009 with scouting locations for the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Abu Ismail Dera Ismail Khan from Dera Ismail Khan. after being accused of providing logistical support to the attacks.[107] Much of the information about the attackers' preparation.[4] On 9 December. the FBI charged Abdur Rehman Hashim Syed.[108] On 12 February 2009 Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik said that Pakistani national Javed Iqbal. Italy on 21 November 2009.

on account of the attacks on Taj Mahal and Trident. [121] A number of those killed were notable figures in business.000 to the seriously injured.[116] [edit] Casualties and compensation Main article: Casualties of the 2008 Mumbai attacks At least 166 victims (civilians and security personnel) and 9 attackers were killed in the attacks. India for formal arrest. but it also found fault with the city Police Commissioner's lack of leadership during the crisis. from Colombo. The report said the "war-like" attack was beyond the capacity of any police force. 2010 Ajmal Kasab was sentenced to death on charges of murder and waging war on India. chief of HuJI India operations and a most wanted terror suspect in India. from General Insurance Corporation of India.[120] The bodies of many of the dead hostages showed signs of torture or disfigurement. Sri Lanka and brought him over to Hyderabad. in a successful snatch operation R&AW agents nabbed Sheikh Abdul Khwaja. A commission of inquiry appointed by the Maharashtra state government produced a report that was tabled before the assembly over one year after the events. one of the handlers of the 26/11 attacks. after the date in 2008 that they began.On January 15. 2010. and security services. Indian Hotels Company and the Oberoi Group received about $28 million as part-payment of the insurance claims.[127] .[126] [edit] Aftermath Main article: Aftermath of the 2008 Mumbai attacks Flowers at the spot of Hemant Karkare's death The attacks are commonly referred to in India as "26/11".000 as compensation to the kin of each of those killed in the terror attacks and about $1.[115] On May 6.[125] In August 2009. media.[122] [123][124] The Government of Maharashtra announced about $10.[2][3][44][117][118][119] One attacker was captured. Among the dead were 28 foreign nationals from 10 countries.

[130] the US-led NATO war in Afghanistan. the Pakistan Government decided to start moving troops away from the border. It will also create an anti-terror force called "Force One" and upgrade all the weapons that Mumbai police currently have. The attacks have damaged India's already strained relationship with Pakistan.[131] and on the Global War on Terror. but after days of talks. There were also after-effects on the United States's relationships with both countries. will be set up soon to co-ordinate actions against terrorism.[132] According to Interpol secretary general Ronald Noble. FBI chief Robert Mueller praised the "unprecedented cooperation" between American and Indian intelligence agencies over Mumbai terror attack probe. like the FBI. Indian intelligence agencies did not share any information with them. Manmohan Singh on an all party conference declared that legal framework will be strengthened in the battle against terrorism and a federal anti-terrorist intelligence and investigation agency.[128] Prime Minister Dr.The Maharashtra state government has planned to buy 36 speed boats to patrol the coastal areas and several helicopters for the same purpose.[134] [edit] Movement of Troops The Pakistan Government moved troops towards the India-Pakistan border voicing concerns about the Indian Government's possible plans to launch attacks on Pakistani soil after 26/11 if Pakistan Government did not cooperate.[129] Government strengthened Anti terror laws by UAPA 2008.[135] [edit] Reactions Main article: Reactions to the 2008 Mumbai attacks Candlelight vigils at the Gateway of India in Mumbai . External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee declared that India may indulge in military strikes against terror camps in Pakistan to protect its territorial integrity.[133] However. and federal National Investigating Agency was formed.

and his thoughts and prayers are with the victims. Kasab's trial began on 6 May 2009. Patil. He was found guilty of murder for directly killing seven people.[139] Prominent Muslim personalities such as Bollywood actor Aamir Khan appealed to the community members in the country to observe Eid al-Adha as a day of mourning on 9 December 2008. conspiracy. formally charging Kasab with murder. Bush said "We pledge the full support of the United States as India investigates these attacks.[140] The business establishment also reacted. in spreading information about the attacks."[136] Political reactions in Mumbai and India included a range of resignations and political changes. and will almost certainly. be hanged if given the maximum penalty of death. He initially apologized for the attacks and claimed that he deserved the death penalty for his crimes. with many countries and international organizations condemning the attacks and expressing their condolences to the civilian victims. the Chief Justice of India stated that Kasab needed a lawyer for a fair trial.“[147] Media coverage highlighted the use of new media and Internet social networking tools. . Vilasrao Deshmukh.[143][144] International reaction for the attacks was widespread. Kasab could. and the people of India."[146] Likewise. and that he had been arrested while roaming the beach.[142] The NSG commandos based in Delhi also met criticism for taking 10 hours to reach the terrorists. Many important personalities around the world also condemned the attacks.[152] Kasab was convicted of all 86 charges on 3 May 2010. but was replaced due to a conflict of interest. but due to the lack of completeness within his admittance. R. a spokesman for then President-elect Barack Obama said that Mr.Indians criticised their political leaders after the attacks. A Mumbai Bar Association passed a resolution proclaiming that none of its members would represent Kasab. in July 2009. However. many Indian bloggers and Wikipedia offered live textual coverage of the attacks. Indian investigators filed an 11. their families. with changes to transport. The court had accepted his plea.[138] and Deputy Chief Minister of Maharastra R. and waging war against India among other charges. including the resignations of Minister for Home Affairs. but later admitted his guilt on 20 July 2009. Obama “strongly condemns today’s terrorist attacks in Mumbai. the judge had deemed that many of the 86 charges were not addressed and therefore the trial continued."[151] [edit] Kasab's trial Kasab's trial was delayed due to legal issues. and requests for an increase in self-defense capabilities.[141] The attacks also triggered a chain of citizens' movements across India such as the India Today Group's "War Against Terror" campaign. A lawyer for Kasab was eventually found. as many Indian lawyers were unwilling to represent him. saying that he had been tortured by police to force his confession. conspiracy to commit murder for the deaths of the 166 people killed in the three-day terror siege. There were vigils held across all of India with candles and placards commemorating the victims of the attacks. but later retracted these claims. The Times of India commented on its front page that "Our politicians fiddle as innocents die.000-page Chargesheet. He initially pleaded not guilty. saying that their ineptness was partly responsible. Shivraj Patil. including Twitter and Flickr. On 25 February 2009.[148] A map of the attacks was set up by a web journalist using Google Maps.[145] Outgoing US President George W. brings the guilty to justice and sustains its democratic way of life.[137] Chief Minister of Maharashtra. described the event as "what may be the most well-documented terrorist attack anywhere.[149][150] The New York Times. In addition.

835343°E (suburban terminus) Badruddin Tayabji Lane behind the Times of India building.820618°E Taj Mahal Palace & Tower near the Gateway of India. [edit] Locations [show]Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing All the incidents except the explosion at Vile Parle took place in downtown South Mumbai.832993°E Nariman House (Chabad House) Jewish outreach center.927118°N 72.829474°E Mazagaon docks in Mumbai's port area. a homeopathic pharmacist. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that Pakistan has not done enough to bring the perpetrators of the attacks to justice.[153] [154] [155] [edit] Trials in Pakistan Indian and Pakistani police have exchanged DNA evidence. Police in Pakistan have arrested seven people. a Pakistani anti-terror court has formally charged seven accused. including LeT operations commander Zaki ur Rehman Lakhvi. causing terror.943178°N 72. and of conspiracy to murder two high-ranking police officers. 18°54′59″N 72°49′40″E18. 18°56′32″N 72°50′01″E18.940631°N 72. 18°55′38″N 72°49′14″E18.827682°E Metro Cinema 18°56′35″N 72°49′46″E18.83331°E Leopold Cafe. • • • • • • • • • • • Oberoi Trident at Nariman Point. 18°56′26″N 72°50′11″E18.942117°N 72.922272°N 72. 18°55′20″N 72°49′54″E18. and he and six others begin their formal trial on 3 Oct 2009 in Pakistan. including Hammad Amin Sadiq.921739°N 72. a popular tourist restaurant in Colaba. 18°56′34″N 72°49′59″E18. Vile Parle near the airport [edit] Memorials .836426°E (express train terminus). On 6 May 2010. 18°55′18″N 72°50′00″E18. Xavier's College 18°56′38″N 72°49′55″E18.waging war against India.831566°E Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) railway station.833734°E Near St. photographs and items found with the attackers to piece together a detailed portrait of the Mumbai plot.94061°N 72. Cama and Albless Hospital. 18°56′26″N 72°50′07″E18.943919°N 72. who arranged bank accounts and secured supplies. he was sentenced to death by hanging. though Indian authorities say the prosecution stops well short of top Lashkar leaders.[157] On the eve of the first anniversary of 26/11.94266°N 72.916517°N 72.831942°E. [156] In November 2009.

Memorials and candlelight vigils were organized at the various locations where the attacks were held [158] . staged a parade from Nariman Point to Chowpatty on 26 November 2009.On the first anniversary of the event. Force One-a new security force created by the Maharashtra Government. the nation paid its respects to the victims of the attack.