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November 30, 2010 Contact: Elizabeth Campbell Somalis in Kenya: Invest in the Long-Term Read the full report

at www.refugeesinternational.org | Download a PDF of this report While the international community has not succeeded in bringing stability to Somalia, it can succeed in improving the lives of Somali refugees. The single most important way the donor community can assist the Somali people is through increasing educational opportunities. Humanitarian assistance alone cannot meet the needs of three generations of Somali refugees. Donors and the United Nations must provide greater development funding to refugees and host communities living in and around Dadaab. To improve urban protection, the UNHCR must dedicate more staff for registration in Nairobi and, along with donors, prioritize support for local Kenyan NGOs assisting urban refugees. Policy Recommendations . . . . . . In 2011, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees,António Guterres, should organize a high-level international conference to increase development funding to the Dadaab area and to increase resources for education for all Somali refugee children. Donor governments should support and UNHCR must dedicate more resources for registration and eligibility staff in Nairobi. UNHCR and other donors should prioritize support for local Kenyan NGOs serving urban refugees. The U.S. government should take a regional approach to the Somali displacement crisis and use the Complex Crisis Fund in an innovative inter-agency effort to bring humanitarian experience and development resources to the Dadaab camps. The Government of Kenya should build on its historic generosity toward refugees by working to reduce rising xenophobia directed against Somali refugees. The Government of Kenya, with support from UNHCR, should continue its efforts to reopen Liboi transit center and ensure effective screening and registration.

Age, Gender, Diversity Mainstreaming Initiative Key to Urban Protection Read the full report at www.refugeesinternational.org The UN Refugee Agency’s (UNHCR) approach to urban refugee protection in Nairobi, Kenya should serve as a model and best practice for programs worldwide. By embracing the Age, Gender, and Diversity Mainstreaming Initiative, UNHCR has significantly improved their relationships with the refugee community and has drawn upon resources within that community to strengthen protection. UNHCR has forged new partnerships with NGOs and local officials as well as senior management of schools and health clinics. With minimal resources, UNHCR Nairobi was able to achieve these positive results mostly through its willingness to develop a new approach to urban refugee protection. Policy Recommendations . . UNHCR needs to appoint clear leadership at headquarters to ensure that staff is trained on the new urban refugee policy, that best practices from the pilot cities are gathered and disseminated, and that country offices are implementing the policy. UNHCR needs to develop an accountability framework similar to the AGDM framework for its

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new urban refugee policy to ensure that it is implemented in country programs with protracted and emerging urban refugee populations. UNHCR needs to ensure that urban refugee needs are well reflected in their global needs assessment. UNHCR must clearly link community services with protection and elevate the role of community services within the overall structure of UNHCR, especially in urban settings. To help advance the urban refugee policy, UNHCR senior management must dedicate sufficient resources to ensure that the AGDM Initiative is fully mainstreamed throughout UNHCR operations worldwide. . Senior Advocate Elizabeth Campbell and RI President Michel Gabaudan traveled to Kenya along with members of Refugees International's Board of Directors to assess the needs of Somali and urban refugees.