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07: POWER SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPERATION 3(2-3) LAB 1/Assignments: Power System Design

Instructor: Dr. J G Singh Submission Date: September 28th, 2010 Objective: Overall objective of the lab is to learn the basic concept of power system design and operation. Design a configuration plan for power system in Happy Island shown in Fig 1. Run load flow for transmission system that is designed. Using PSAT program, first with base case and next to improve the system by using capacitor, parallel line and power generation, for a load increased case, compare the results. System Description:

Figure 1: Happy Island power system area.

Figure 1 illustrates system area of Happy Island. In Fig. 1, numbers 1 to 5 refer to load/generation points. The bus data in table 1 list values for P, Q and V at each bus for base case. Parameters of all power generation and capacitor are showed in table 2. The transmission lines length from point to point in the system are listed in table 3. The transmission line parameters are listed in table 4. The system operates within voltage limits of ± 5% of normal and thermal limits of 100 MVA for all lines.

∠0 Remark Swing bus Load bus (inductive) constant Load bus (inductive) Load bus (inductive) V Table 2: Generator and capacitor Equipments Generator P (MW) Q (Mvar) Pmax 999 200 100 - Pmin 0 0 0 - Qmax 999 150 50 40 Qmin -999 -60 -20 0 Remark G1 G2 G3 Capacitor Swing bus C1 Fix type Table 3: Approximate of the transmission line length of the system From point to point 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 2-3 2-4 2-5 3-4 3-5 4-5 Line length (km) 64... Q and V for the bus system (base case) BUS 1 2 3 4 5 Generation P.380 230 50 Table 5: Load demand at bus 4 Case 1 (base case) 2 (step size 10) Load PD (MW) QD (Mvar) 85 85 to 165 40 40 to 80 Remark (inductive) (inductive) limit (MVA) 100 .Mvar 65 30 115 70 85 70 65 40 40 30 V . MW Q.Mvar ……..4 40.3 177 128.5 96.3 48.5 Type 3 phase 3 wire Table 4: Transmission line parameter voltage frequency resistance reactance (kV) (Hz) ( Ω / km ) ( Ω / km ) 0.04 … ∠... 0 180 0 0 0 ……. per unit 1. 0 0 Load P.7 80.2 48.345 1. … ∠. 1.... … ∠.. MW Q.Table 1 Show P.02 ∠.8 128.0 204.. …….

Feature and limitation of the system is given below: • • • • Voltage levels 230 kV. if the load at bus 4 in the system is increased as shown in table 5. What happens to the voltage? Case 2: System with load increase From base case. . by using capacitors.Questions: Base case 1: System with base loads Find the best configuration plan for power system in Happy Island of Figure 1. in terms of voltage. improve the power system performance. Which lines will be loaded more heavily? 3. (c) Find the current. parallel line. Which line reaches its security limit first? 4. (d) Find the total real power loss and reactive power loss in the whole system. Which generator will deliver the addition power? 2. real power and reactive power flow in each transmission line. What happens if you continue to increase the load at Bus 4? 5. 50Hz • Number of power generation 3 units (including swing bus) • Voltage limit ± 5 % • Number of lines 7 lines Compare the results and comment on them. Comment: 1. power generation or combination of all of them. Feature and limitation of the system is given below: • Voltage levels 230 kV. 50Hz Number of power generation 2 units (including swing bus) Voltage limit ± 5 % Number of lines 6 lines (a) Report on voltage and phase angle of all buses in the system. Watch the voltage at bus 4. (b) Find the percentage of voltage regulation of all buses in the system.

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