MAKING KNOWLEDGE WORK

THE CENTRE FOR PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES

MODULE HANDBOOK YEAR 1 Psychobiology and Perception

2008/2009

smythe@bradford. ranging from the cognitive to the biological. In reality. .ac.R.Keeble@Bradford.uk. Moreover we will begin to look at how these cells pass information between each other and briefly introduce the idea of how complex behaviours like pain are controlled. the study of perception is quite inter-disciplinary and also overlaps with neuroscience. In the first semester of this module you will be introduced to the basic biology of the brain and periphery thought to be important for controlling normal behaviour. you can email me with questions.g. The material in this module is part of the British Psychological Society (BPS) core curriculum. Perception forms part of the BPS Syllabus. I can be found in G37. It involves the study of how our sense organs and brain working together give us information about the outside world. and my email is D.w. Many treatments involving surgery or drugs to alleviate disorders e. If you can catch me in my office (K17) I would be happy to chat with you. In the second half of the Psychobiology and Perception module you will study a number of areas related to perception. Thus paradoxically. Alternatively. You are welcome to make an appointment to see me if you have questions about the Perception part of this module. antidepressants or frontal lobotomy target parts of the brain thought to control various aspects of our minds. 2-Semester linked Module. Some students may find the material a bit difficult because they have limited prior experience with biology. I can be reached on extension 3361 (or leave a message) but email is the best medium at j. and 2) the specific function and features of our sensory systems that allow us to perceive and attend to our environment.uk. the basic building block of the brain and spinal cord. Perception may be seen as a part of both biological psychology and cognitive psychology. to name a few. In the second semester of the module you will be introduced to perceptual mechanisms and specific sensory function. We will use a reductionist approach and begin with studying cell activity peculiar to neurons. Indeed many pathological conditions that affect our behaviour and ability to interact with the world arise from faulty biological systems. artificial intelligence. STAFF Psychobiology will be taught by Dr.T. computer science and optometry. We will approach this module with the view that everyone needs a good refresher course and we will assume no prior knowledge.ac. Perception is taught by Dr David Keeble. we can learn a great deal about the normal brain by studying abnormalities and pathological conditions. Many students of psychology are surprised to discover that the study of mind and behaviour has a large biological component. Jim Smythe. my extension is 6252. anatomy and techniques used to explore the biology of behaviour. Introduction This module consists of two aspects of psychology: 1) the basic structure and function of the nervous system and physiological mechanisms that give rise to behaviour. but we are animals and our biology gives rise to our behaviour.Psychobiology and Perception This module is a 20-credit. You will also have the opportunity to do a bit of practical work looking at basic human physiology and function. and consider how various grouping of these cells seem to be responsible for controlling obvious behaviours like motor function.

Basic brain and spinal cord anatomy. I recommend: Carlson N R (1995) Foundations of Physiological Psychology. In this session we will examine basic reflexive properties of nerves and muscles and measure nerve conduction speeds using reaction time. 4. Allyn & Bacon. Reading List There are many good books covering these topics for introductory psychology students. Delineation of central and peripheral nervous system into somatic and autonomic components. 7. . diagrams and models we will examine the gross anatomy of the brain and consider species differences in these. Using videos. There will be handouts to guide the laboratory sections that you will be expected to read. 3. There will be 4 laboratory sessions in addition to these lectures: 1. Structure and function of chemical synapses. Gross anatomy of the brain and spinal cord. 3. Cranial nerves and functions.PSYCHOBIOLOGY DETAILS (SEMESTER 1) Lecture outline: 1. Principles of electrical recording in nervous tissue will be revealed by ECG analysis. Sensory and motor function. Neurons and glia as building blocks of the nervous system. 2. Neural mechanisms controlling movement. 6. We will demonstrate the techniques used to cut and prepare brain tissue for histological examination and look at various structures under the microscope. In-depth brain anatomy and tissue preparation techniques. lesioning and behavioural methods. We will also look at skin sensitivity and reaction to damage in relation to pain perception and sensitivity. Physiological techniques used in biological psychology In this session we will consider how we go about studying brain function in mammals considering recording. Details of rooms and group breakdown for labs will be provided closer to the time. 4. 2. 3rd Edition. 5. Neural mechanisms of eating and drinking. Massachusetts However most introductory physiological psychology textbooks are similar.

Thompson. Tovée. It consequently takes a fast pace through the subjects and can be rather selective in the material it covers. New York. MIT Press. It is most useful when you have a basic knowledge of each subject already. and Georgeson M. ISBN 0-521-48339-5. An incredibly wide-ranging book that covers almost all areas of vision science. Hove. Pacific GroveLondon Brooks/Cole.00. Palmer PE (1999).99.00 . I have asked the library and the bookshop to obtain copies of it. ( 2006). ISBN 0-19-854212-9. The 4th-edition is a reasonable alternative – having a copy would be better than having no book at all. Psychology Press. ~£20.Another excellent book written by one of the world’s best ambassadors for vision science.B.00 . Goldstein. ISBN 0-19-928670-1 £28. 5th Edition. and Troscianko.. Other useful books: Gregory R. ISBN 0-262-16183-4 ~£50. Visual Perception: Physiology. Vision Science London. Cambridge University Press. T. ~£35.L (1998). Compact. (1999) Sensation and perception.A. (1996). Useful summaries are presented at the end of each chapter. A low-cost book that attempts to cover a wide range of material from anatomy and structure of the eye and the brain through to philosophical theories of visual perception. Covers similar ground to the Sekuler and Blake book and at a similar level. McGraw-Hill.00. Perception 5th Edition. Green P. cheap(ish) and written for the non-specialist it is a good book for getting an overview of our knowledge of visual perception. 3rd Edition. Psychology and Ecology. Oxford University Press.An excellent book that covers much of the material in the course. A close-running second recommended text is: Snowden.PERCEPTION DETAILS (SEMESTER 2) The recommended text for Perception is: Blake R and Sekuler R (2005). P. Oxford. and not the other senses. 5th Edition. Richard Gregory. ~£11. The third edition is considerably expanded and updated and has been written in an easier to understand style than the earlier second edition. Martin J. Some may find the style more to their liking. Oxford University Press. Good illustrations. ISBN 0-86377-451-2. An introduction to the visual system. but this has not been written at this time. It is also the only one of the recommended books to contain significant numbers of jokes. (1996). R. Cambridge. There are a large number of copies of this book in the library. This low-cost book presents clearly written explanations covering some of the basic areas in the course. E.R. This is a useful book for a second opinion on basic . ISBN 0071112723. The only reason it it not “the” recommended text is that it only covers vision. This is a lively and interesting text aimed at the right level for this module.. Eye and Brain: The psychology of seeing. I have tried to persuade one of the authors in the pub to produce a second edition which does includes the other senses. Bruce V. and as of writing (18/09/08) has 10 copies “on order”. sidebars and written in understandable language. Basic Vision: an introduction to visual perception.

How the visual system copes with different light levels (adaptation) and different wavelengths of light. These slides will form important study materials for this module and revision materials for the exam. Mathematics. Very little mathematics will be required for studying Perception in this module.84. It has many useful demos. Psychology Press. 3) Visual pathways: retina. K. Outline of the Lectures Please note that this is approximate. which will be made available before or shortly after the lecture on Blackboard. Foundations of Perception. Sensation & Perception. The most important skill is the ability to understand information presented in graphical form. A survey of the different kinds of eyes and visual systems found in nature.material. The lectures will be presented using Powerpoint slides. I hope to cover this material in 9 2-hour lectures. Auditory sound . constructivism. Podcasts of most of my lectures will probably be available on Blackboard. 0-86377-834-8. Mather.M. 1) Introduction & Overview. Copies of almost all these books can be found in the library. Brief description of the human sensory systems. or if you have a particular interest in the more esoteric topics which it covers. (2006).sinauer. taste and touch are based around material in the book. D. Logarithmic axes may be used from time to time.com/wolfe/home/startF. It is also very useful as the lectures for hearing.htm. J. 5) Illusions What happens when the visual system doesn’t provide accurate information about the world and what this tells us about how our visual system works. change blindness & blindsight are also demonstrated. Blind spot. You can find it at: http://www. The properties and functions of the various neurons we find on the way are discussed. Some of the ones discussed are: structuralism. mostly around S612. Marr & the computational approach. How receptive fields explain some brightness illusions. Other useful documents and important announcements will be disseminated via Blackboard. 6) Audition The auditory pathways and the importance of frequency for hearing. Occasionally equations may be used to explain concepts. and it is recommended that students use them for this purpose.. This book is novel in that it has a very good website which can be used without buying the book.M. Contrast. from the eye to the visual cortex. 4) Spatial vision & Temporal vision How the brain interprets images that vary across space and across time. and may vary in terms of the number of lectures for each topic. Evolution of eyes. Kluender. and the order in which they are given. and Levi. adaptation and spectral sensitivity What perception is and some of the ways we can study it. rods and cones.R. smell. Wolfe. G. Gestalt approaches. lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex We take a stroll down the visual pathways of the brain. Sinauer Associates. Inc 0-87893-5. (2006). 2) Different theoretical approaches to the study of perception A variety of different theoretical frameworks have been used to think about perception. ecological optics & direct perception.

Opponent coding. ASSESSMENTS FOR THIS MODULE There are two assessments for this module. 8) Colour Vision How the visual system processes colour information. looming/optic flow. 2) The June exam will be on perception and will be 1. texture. See lecture Powerpoints for more details. It will consist of some short-answer questions and some long-answer questions. Colour constancy. which will be due towards the end of the first semester (date to be announced). Trichromacy. Random dot stereograms. smell & taste. What is colour? Why do organisms find colour information useful. aerial perspective. . Olfaction and Gustation What we know about touch. A sample paper will be made available on Blackboard. 9) Stereopsis and Depth Perception Why two eyes are better than one and other ways of knowing how far away things are.localization. Binocular cues: stereopsis & vergence. familiar size. Monocular cues to depth: occlusion. It is 50% of the marks for the module. shading. A formative (ie it does not contribute to the module mark) multiple-choice test (MCQ) will be made available towards the in the second semester to help students gauge their understanding of the material presented. 1) There will be a piece of coursework based on the psychobiology material in the first semester. This is 50% of the marks for the module. Note that the number of questions on each of the above lectures is not the same. motion parallax.5 hours in duration. 7) Touch.

Some minor flaws or inaccuracies. with parts of the assignment underdeveloped. 25-34 Poor structure and argument. showing some original thought or creative synthesis. but generalization indicates knowledge of basic concepts is lacking. 10-24 Little understanding of the assessment criteria and little knowledge of material relevant to it. and/or uncertain use of theory and specialist vocabulary. Theoretical concepts are well represented but is mainly descriptive. Confident use of specialist vocabulary and an excellent use of English. Little or no referencing and poor use of English. 60 –69 Good structure and specific assessment criteria are correctly addressed. 70-74 Displays many of the characteristics of the above band with some ability for creative synthesis which could be developed. 50-59 A well structured work which addresses the assessment criteria. Some areas of the argument are unclear. Accurate interpretation of theoretical positions and an awareness of criticisms. However. Little referencing and poor use of English. Correct referencing. Accurate interpretation of theoretical positions and an ability to criticize them. Good use of English and correct referencing. Arguments supported by evidence and interpretation. Arguments supported by evidence but lacks originality. lacking relevance to the specific assessment criteria. . 35-39 Marginal fail. 0-9 Fails to address the assessment criteria and shows no knowledge of relevant material or the issues involved. Referencing and use of English need improving. 40-49 Specific assessment criteria partially addressed. shows some potential. Vaguely address the assessment criteria and uses some appropriate material. The work is largely conversational or rambling and confused. Correct referencing. Poor referencing practice and careless use of English.Level 1 Marking Criteria 75-100 A clearly structured work in which the specific assessment criteria are correctly addressed. Accurate use of specialist vocabulary and good use of English. but can demonstrate some knowledge of material relevant to it.

drinking. Acquire an appreciation for the interplay between endocrine gland hormones and organisation and activational effects on the brain and subsequent behavioural output. A formative MCQ will provide feedback on the Perception content. Knowledge & Understanding On successful completion of this module you will be able to. Describe the structure and function of the nervous system. Learning Teaching & Assessment Strategy: Factual and descriptive topics such as anatomical structures and organisation of motor and sensory systems will be taught using lectures. The aim of the Perception portion of the module is to stimulate a conceptual understanding of the psychology and physiology of the normal human sensory system.Module Title: Psychobiology and Perception Module Type: Linked 10+10 Academic Year: 2008/9 Module Code: SS-1403L Module Occurrence: A Module Credit: 20 Teaching Period: Semester 1 Level: 1 (Undergraduate) Provider: Social Sciences and Humanities Related Department / Subject Area: AS Principal Co-ordinator: Dr D Keeble Additional Tutors: Dr J Smythe Prerequisite(s): Corequisite(s): None None Aims: In the Psychobiology portion of this module you will explore the basic organisation of the nervous system from cellular to systems level.. sleeping and pain perception. and various demonstration of sensory function will be illustrated in lectures.00 Formal Exams: 1.00 Total: 200 Learning Outcomes: 1.50 Seminars/Tutorials: 0. Study Hours: Lectures: 30. Describe some of the mechanisms of human perception.00 Other: 0. Outline the physiology of vision and other senses.00 Directed Study: 156.50 Laboratory/Practical: 12. and how sensory and motor systems are organised.. Describe different methods for studying perception. with an emphasis on vision. Explain the essential principles in psychophysics . Detail the neural control of eating. Practical classes will be used to provide an opportunity to work in small groups with body models to reinforce understanding of psychobiology.

Mode of Assessment: 1 Assessment Type Duration (hours) Coursework 50% Description 1.5 50% Description Unseen Examination . Outline Syllabus: Gross anatomy of the brain and spinal cord. and seek out web-based information. Visual pathways: retina.2.5 hrs (Sem 2) Percentage Percentage Supplementary Assessment: As Above (Note: 'As Original' indicates that Supplementary Assessment will take the same form as the Mode(s) of Assessment). Psychophysics. Olfaction and gustation. Rods and cones. The ear and auditory system. Neural mechanisms of brain reward. Introduction to colour vision. and practice report preparation and writing. Spatial vision and temporal vision. Cranial nerves and functions. Delineation of central and peripheral nervous system into somatic and autonomic components. Overview of Perception. Evolution of eyes. Neural mechanisms of pain. Structure and function of chemical synapses.. Touch. Personal Transferable Skills On successful completion of this module you will be able to.. Neural mechanisms controlling movement. Version No: 2 .2. Use of IT skills to prepare written reports.1. lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex. Spectral sensitivity.500 . Illusions. Contrast sensitivity function. Subject-Specific Skills On successful completion of this module you will be able to..000 word assignment (Sem 1) 2 Assessment Type Duration (hours) Examination .closed book 1. 3.. Develop organisational skills in undertaking group work. Neural mechanisms of eating and drinking. Introduction to stereopsis. Role of hormones on the control of brain function and the control of the 'master' gland (pituitary) by brain mechanisms. effective planning and participation in teamwork. Follow standard protocols to carry out a simple experiment on arousal with human subjects Collect and analyse basic experimental data. Neurons and glia as building blocks of the nervous system.

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