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High Tech Automotive Systems

HTAS Jaarplan 2009

Electric Vehicle Technology

June 2009

High Tech Automotive Systems


High Tech Automotive Systems

HTAS Innovation Programme

‘Electric Vehicle Technology’

14 June 2009


High Tech Automotive Systems

Table of Contents
Executive Summary ............................................................................................................... 3 I. II. Motivation and background ......................................................................................... 5 Opportunities for electric mobility in the Netherlands ............................................... 6 Challenges with respect to the market, the infrastructure and vehicles. .............................. 7 Certification and Security ..................................................................................................... 8 Strengthening the automotive sector .................................................................................... 8

III. Ambitions of the Dutch Automotive Sector ................................................................ 9 Background .......................................................................................................................... 9 Market considerations for the Netherlands and Europe 2020 ............................................ 10 SWOT analysis ................................................................................................................... 11 IV. Programme theme Electric Vehicle Technology (EVT) ............................................ 13 Reference Car .................................................................................................................... 13 System Integration ............................................................................................................. 14 Programme description ...................................................................................................... 14 Analysis of the business cases .......................................................................................... 16 V. Organisation .................................................................................................................18 Consortium ......................................................................................................................... 18 Governance ........................................................................................................................ 18 Finance & ambitions ................................................................................................... 20


Appendices ........................................................................................................................... 22 References ............................................................................................................................ 29

14 June 2009


but also of good cooperation and organisation between the economic sectors and the authorities concerned. FHA began collaborating with the (power) electronics industry. As also suggested in the original HTAS Innovation Programme. Knowledge Transfer and Business Development (especially for SMEs). Vehicle efficiency aims to reduce fuel consumption. their components and parts. the automotive sector. The goal is to improve mobility. Triggered by the results of this study and the prospective favourable circumstances. new developments have resulted in an initiative to create a competitive position for the development of electric vehicles. advanced combustion. knowledge institutes and government.High Tech Automotive Systems Executive Summary The HTAS Innovation Programme is the result of a joint effort within the Dutch Automotive Sector. The HTAS Innovation Programme concentrates on two main areas: ‘Driving Guidance’ and ‘Vehicle efficiency’ as prime focus areas for growth and innovation. It is an initiative of the Federation Holland Automotive (FHA) in collaboration with the industrial partners. the national and regional governments. The business case for electric mobility is not only a matter of technology. During the preparation of this Master plan. safety and the environment. and a number of potential launching customers of electric vehicles. A number of non-technical issues are identified that play a large role in the development of Electric Drive. Within the focus area of ‘vehicle efficiency’. after-treatment and high-efficiency transmission concepts. the FHA started developing a Master plan in early 2009 entitled ‘Naar een snelle en grootschalige introductie van de elektrische auto in Nederland’. specific attention should be paid to topics such as Education. The conclusions of both studies are starting points for the R&D programme line ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’ within the existing HTAS Innovation Programme. 14 June 2009 3 . two themes are distinguished: • • The theme of ‘Efficient powertrain’ will work on integrated powertrain control. ‘Vehicle efficiency’ is a broad technology area with much international activity. In this HTAS programme. The study ‘HTAS Visie document hybride en elektrische aandrijvingen’ was completed in 2008. • • Driving Guidance is the area of automotive ICT. They are embedded in the FHA Master plan but also in this R&D programme line of ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’. Electric Vehicle Technology will be added as a third theme within the focus area ‘Vehicle efficiency’. SMEs. The theme of ‘Light constructions’ targets the weight reduction of specific subassemblies through the application of material innovations. and formed the basis for this next development phase of the HTAS Innovation Programme. Particular attention is devoted to ensure good cooperation with the energy sector and the government on a great number of technical and non-technical issues.

there is a need for (mainly European) cross-border cooperation. and the final goals that have been set: Figure 1: Overview of the HTAS Innovation Programme (‘A’ stands for ‘Automotive’) The theme ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’ will run over 5 years and is planned to attract an overall investment of € 87 Million (including investments for knowledge transfer. standards and technologies) and the industrial sectors involved. The results include a high financial yield.. the theme ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’. due to the international character of mobility (e.5 billion.g. with major social relevance. with additional employment opportunities for high-tech employees of 7. education and governance). The programme office will be expanded to accommodate this theme. The additional turnover by 2020 is estimated at € 3. and will also be supported by a lean organisation that encourages cooperation between projects. Implementing the theme of ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’ will be a part of the total HTAS Innovation Programme. Figure 1 provides an overview of the HTAS Innovation Programme and the relationship between the various R&D-themes.500 positions (FTEs). The content described by this R&D programme ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’ consolidates HTAS as an international leading programme on the focused automotive growth area of electric drive. 14 June 2009 4 . and that also stimulates cooperation with the government. The whole is more than the sum of its parts. For the Electric Vehicle Technology.High Tech Automotive Systems Furthermore. HTAS will cooperate closely with the Dutch National Task Force (E-Team) that coordinates activities in the field of Electric Drive.

where it is among the top 3 sectors of the Dutch manufacturing industry. Attract large (foreign) suppliers of key technology for electric cars.High Tech Automotive Systems I. the development of and interest in electric cars is growing. Today. Play an active role in research and development (also in European consortia). but not so in national terms. This industry may be small compared to other European countries. It is strong. The Dutch government and the Dutch Automotive Industry therefore decided to organise the knowledge and research sector in this area of the HTAS Innovation Programme. The first vehicles of the new generation can enter large-scale production within several years. suppliers and production facilities. In line with these goals. Zoetermeer. innovative. a development has been achieved that normally takes 15 years. eager and ambitious. published by the Federation Holland Automotive. has therefore formulated the following set of goals for ‘electric cars’: • • • • • Stimulate the use and production of full electric cars. The market opportunities for clean and sustainable cars are recognised clearly by the Dutch automotive industry. The existing developments can be seen as a major opportunity for the Netherlands to take a large step forward in the production of already developed and tested electric cars and their strategic components. Major car manufacturers are now developing their strategic plans and determining their choices in terms of testing markets.1 1 See the report ‘Naar een snelle en grootschalige introductie van de elektrische auto in Nederland’. the development of electric cars has grown very quickly. The Netherlands already has a vigorous automotive industry.000 FTEs. and it has a strong potential for growth. It is therefore a crucial time for the Dutch automotive industry to launch activities in the field of electric car manufacture and to deliver the required components. Over the past three years. In 3 years’ time. the Dutch automotive industry consists of over 200 companies. 14 June 2009 5 . In fact. representing a turnover of € 12 billion and more than 40. The automotive sector. 2009. represented by the Federation Holland Automotive. in order to develop and set up new activities. The drive towards a rapid and widespread introduction of electric cars seems to have kicked off definitively. April 10. Stimulate manufacturers and suppliers of strategic components for electric cars in the Netherlands. Motivation and background Worldwide. The benefits of the introduction of electric cars are widely acknowledged. and pointing out the opportunities for the Dutch economy and society. Facilitate the large-scale production of full-electric cars and components in the Netherlands. the electric car has largely already been developed and tested. the FHA has published a Master plan outlining the steps required to reach these goals. Contributing to the further advance of the plug-in full-electric car is a growing part of its activities.

among others). Epyon. The Netherlands also has much to offer for the manufacture of electric cars. On average. in the flexible manufacturing plant of Nedcar). It will moreover help to accelerate the process of creating a leading international position for the Netherlands . but has excellent experiences in the field of system integration. Companies that have a long and successful track record with electric vehicles for special markets (Spijkstaal. c. among others). b. There are also various industries active in the field of applied technologies (Epyon. Knowledge institutions like TNO. Cooperation between government. 2. AGV). TU Eindhoven. Know-how regarding technology of traction and power electronics (e. Avantium.g. There is a finely branched underground electricity network. The Netherlands is active in developing wind power and solar cells. The Netherlands aims to reduce CO2 and fine particle pollution. which need to satisfy other requirements than traditional cars (PDE Automotive). Opportunities for electric mobility in the Netherlands There are currently 3 important reasons to launch an offensive in terms of industrial activities towards producing full-electric cars and to contribute to promoting the use of full-electric cars in the Netherlands. Energy and environment. The Netherlands is an ideal country for the use of electric cars: a. which are required in and for full-electric cars and the necessary electric power. 6 14 June 2009 . DTI. Hogeschool Arnhem and Nijmegen. Parties with leading knowledge of battery technology and their production (Philips. There is a strong awareness of the need to save energy in government industry and in the society. A well-organised and progressive automotive sector that is not bound to individual OEM manufacturers. FRIEND). Development facilities for the body and chassis of electric cars. It is a country with small distances (people are used to driving short distances without a break. Evisol. but more in particular: a. The Netherlands enjoys an excellent position with respect to: • • • • • • • • • • Manufacturing and assembly options for small and normal production series of cars (e. components and ICT. Companies that convert already existing cars into electric cars (ECE. b. systems. 3. almost always <100km). TU Delft. Philips. from the point of view of: • • • Innovation. The Netherlands has a large knowledge base and production industry for cars. business development and employment. One may ask: why in the Netherlands? To which the answer is as follows: 1.High Tech Automotive Systems II. Sustainable Energy is a central theme behind electric cars. industry and society. driving speed is moderate (40-120 km / h). who are able to boost the technological development and promote the market introduction of electric cars.g. among others). which are still road vehicles and not commodity goods. Availability of a highly qualified and well-trained workforce.

Drive properties. The market requires considerable attention and effort over the coming years.: • • • • • Flexible manufacturing automotive plants. we can briefly highlight the following challenges: • • • • • The safety. batteries. In terms of vehicles. there are still a number of challenges to overcome before the large-scale introduction in Western Europe and the Netherlands can take place. connections. at work and at public places. 14 June 2009 7 . this includes challenges such as an efficient energy supply and storage (smart grid). Challenges with respect to the market. etc. and car-lease organisations. Protected test environments with knowledge and understanding of issues concerning the infrastructure for the parking and charging of electric cars. Challenges to be met in this area include: the price of electric cars compared to alternatives. sufficient charging points at home. the financing and payment of electric batteries (depending on the possible business cases). establishing tax rebates for clean cars. etc.High Tech Automotive Systems In summary: the Netherlands offers the following favourable conditions to bring the production and use of electric cars in Western Europe to a larger scale in just a few steps. safety and certification. A great number of ‘launching customers’ in government. etc. very suitable for small series of electric cars. admission / safety and maintenance protocols for electric cars. provincial and municipal) that aims to play a dynamic and stimulating role in the promotion and introduction of electric cars. certification. testing and homologation of electric vehicles. the supply and acceptance of electric cars. A solid technological environment where . The battery management and software to enhance the car’s energy efficiency The manufacturing capacity for vehicles and components.thanks to available knowledge of key technologies and components . The standardisation of vehicles.the strategic development and pioneering of electric cars can be undertaken. the infrastructure and vehicles However. With regard to the infrastructure. where experiences and developments can be monitored. comfort and increasing the range of electric vehicles. These challenges concern: • • • • The development and promotion of the market. Assuring the availability of high-quality lithium-based cells for the production of batteries for electric vehicles. issues of standardisation. infrastructure and market are detailed further in “Naar een snelle en grootschalige introductie van elektrische auto’s in Nederland”. industry. Government (national. These topics and the correlation between vehicle. The construction and standardisation of infrastructure. components. the contracting of launching customers. The key components and necessary improvements of electric vehicles.

Developing effective service schemes for vehicle maintenance and periodic inspections. Their scale is one of the ‘bottle-necks’. to gain a leading role in the European markets. several investments have already been made in the field of components for electric drive (battery materials. battery management systems. Strengthening the automotive sector In the Netherlands. as national innovation programme for the automotive sector. Government help and support in the above-named developments and the production of electric cars is essential. however. suitable for the manufacture of smaller series of cars (30.). the passengers and the other traffic. if a car hits the water. inverters. 8 14 June 2009 . motors. the user. The have started in this new and rapidly evolving market. Many . Regulating and promoting standardisation in this area. components and batteries through international cooperation. can help achieve this by building a strong national innovation consortium and aligning international contacts.000 cars per year). etc. to bundle technology and knowledge in a pool for electric mobility. The Netherlands has excellent production and assembly facilities for vehicles. TU Eindhoven.mostly small . especially with respect to business opportunities: • • • • to launch battery development and production. denoted as 'Electric Mobility’. Finally. to encourage innovation.High Tech Automotive Systems Certification and Security The safety of the vehicle. such as: • • • The weight and place of the battery pack in case of collision The electricity and associated fire hazard The effects of the battery pack’s high voltage in situations of collisions. Developing safety protocols for electric cars. the battery and the electric charging need to be regulated properly. It is therefore necessary to help these companies scale up.000 to 40. Preparing type-approval procedures for electric cars. HTAS. Electric cars involve a number of security issues that can have a great impact on the driver. Hogeschool Rotterdam and Hogeschool Arnhem and Nijmegen that are already contributing to the technological development and to promoting the market introduction of electric cars. TU Delft. The Netherlands is also a good alternative for the assembly-line production of electric vehicles. the Netherlands is home to various knowledge institutes like TNO. The timely adaptation of legislation in this area. such as an efficient billing system for electricity consumption. the knowledge institutes and the government therefore need to work on: • • • • • • Monitoring the safety and use of electric cars (starting in the laboratory). to encourage the technical development of components and sub-assemblies (including range extenders). Electric cars differ from traditional cars. and assuring the necessary safety measures requires special attention by the automotive industry. the energy suppliers and the public authorities. etc.

Meanwhile. The electric cars available today are certainly not a final solution.. For more than 90% of the daily mobility trips. As technology develops and economies of scale encourage cost savings on this component. For example. today the electric car is seen much more in the context of ‘electric drive’ or ‘electric mobility’. power electronics. many players are busily engaged with the latest technologies and still need to start up the manufacture of massive volumes of electric vehicles. the Quicc by Duracar has 600 components. Whereas the focus of the vehicle was formerly on its technical operation. The same market will also determine which customers may potentially purchase these new products. etc.High Tech Automotive Systems III. the market for renewable electrical energy from wind. cleaner and quieter. but not yet a trademark or fashion article like petrol or diesel-powered cars. necessary for electric drive to evolve as a new mobility form. China has a huge production capacity for battery technology for consumer electronics and has a lively market for electric bicycles and scooters. the battery. Issues such as electric driving. offer opportunities for many new and often niche-players on the market. over the coming decades there will be plenty of space for new propulsion technologies and user trends. Most OEMs share this overall vision for the automotive roadmap. while a normal vehicle has between 1700 and 2200 components. Ambitions of the Dutch Automotive Sector Background The renewed interest in electric cars appears to be of a permanent nature. hybrid and combustion engine). In short. this disadvantage will be mitigated. state-of-the-art battery and charger technology and the production of renewable energy are closely related. pure electric vehicles are often functionally usable vehicles. All further developments such as fast charging. water and sun can be boosted further. is very expensive. Electric vehicles meet all three requirements and are even cheaper to use. This will prove to be their technological and cost-technical advantage over the traditional automobile industry in the west. at present only short trips (in the range of 100 to 200 km) can be made. which are substantially different in design and construction from the traditional car. 14 June 2009 9 . In combination with the growing sustainability concern. Dutch politics and government have a positive attitude towards electric drive and the need for its introduction. Due to the limited energy density of the current state-of-theart batteries. this fuels a growing demand for vehicles that are more economical. If the demand for and supply of electric energy can lead to new dynamics in this way. these types of vehicles. So far. Many experts see the full electric vehicle in combination with a ‘range extender’ for longer distances as the ultimate means of transportation in the future. The transition to a large-scale introduction of a pure electric vehicle is a gradual process. One of the electric vehicle’s components. the pooling of IT (software engineering). powertrain technology and battery technology are essential. this is sufficient. The development of new automotive technical knowledge. smart grids. The cars will undoubtedly develop in many forms and in competition with each other (electric. Not surprisingly: the small area of our country with its high population density is affected by substantial mobility problems. Also. from the automotive perspective. may gradually scale up from there. battery swap. Full electric vehicles have significantly fewer components than the current car. The latest plug-in electric vehicles explicitly require an increase in investment in the (electricity) infrastructure.

we need some figures and assumptions. In terms of volume this means more than one million records per year. by 2020. This means that. around 250 million cars are currently registered. € 750 million. we assume a market outside Europe of € 1 billion.000). Netherlands There are now approximately 8 million cars in the Netherlands. This means that.000 = € 3 billion per year. the European market may represent up to € 3 billion turnover per year for the Dutch industry.) in the Netherlands by 2020.000 x € 30. the extra turnover is € 3. Assuming a modest share of 2% means 5 million electric cars in Europe by 2020. about 80..000 registrations for electric cars per year can be expected. on average. Analysing the actual situation on the market and the market trends. The turnover generated by the domestic Dutch market is estimated at about 25% of the total market.000 vehicles (max. including the battery pack. With a success rate of 70%. Europe A similar calculation can be performed for Europe: In Europe. 14 June 2009 10 . we can estimate the number of electric vehicles in the future and arrive at an educated guess of ‘what’s in it’ for the Dutch and European economies. 20% of the total number of registrations!). by 2020.000 turnover per year). and set targets accordingly. Finally. If production numbers rise and the availability of materials and components increases. This means that – assuming a successful introduction – it would be feasible to have about 400. to a market of € 30 billion per year. In terms of employment opportunity.e. by 2020. Expectations are that by 2020. This number will mainly be achieved by electric car sales between 2015 and 2020 (depending on availability and the price of cars). we may well expect the Netherlands to gain up to 10% of this emerging market . Thus. the market share of electric cars will be between 2% and 5%. Targets Given the potential both technically and also in terms of market share.especially for components and (sub) systems.5 billion. we can translate this turnover into 7500 FTE positions for high-tech employees (contributing € 125. assuming that 1/3 of the created jobs will be inside the Netherlands.000 for an average electric car. based on the considerations above. growing to approximately 100. Electric drive will increase over the coming years.000 and € 100.. financially.000 records of electric cars in the Netherlands by 2020 (i. The combination of volume and price results in a situation where. The price for an electric car is currently very high (between € 60. by 2020.e. i. the market for electric cars in the Netherlands is 100. With a view to the guiding role that the Netherlands could fulfil in Europe.High Tech Automotive Systems Market considerations for the Netherlands and Europe 2020 To obtain a view of the market opportunities for the Netherlands and Europe in the near future (2020). This is equivalent. We shall now consider the situation for the Netherlands and for Europe. then a significant reduction of the production costs (especially for batteries) is expected to result in a price of around € 30. we assume a growth rate of 5%. in our view it seems realistic for the Dutch programme line for Electric Vehicle Technology to assume an annual turnover of up to € 5 billion from 2020.

Due to the absence of major OEMs. knowledge institutions. power electronics. Many small budgets for electric drive. financial support from government and implementation strategy ‘Driving Electric Delta Works’ is not finished yet. The automotive sector is well organised (FHA. there is much room for start-up ventures. The diagram below indicates the strengths. e-drive can quickly be implemented at a national level. universities. possibly resulting in new brands of electric vehicles. A lot of experience is available in the field of electric vehicles for B2B-markets in logistics centres. weaknesses. opportunities and threats in several keywords. One of these measures is to build an effective innovation programme for electric cars. Each aspect is explained further in short statements: SWOT analysis for Electric Vehicle Technology in the Netherlands Strengths • • • • • Key technology needed to attain a leading market position is available in several critical areas (battery. HTAS etc. we can take the measures necessary to achieve our goals.). seaports and airports. with currently little coordination between initiatives.High Tech Automotive Systems SWOT analysis Knowing the strengths and weaknesses of the Dutch automotive industry within the context of the opportunities and threats that are associated with the introduction of electric cars. 14 June 2009 11 . Weaknesses • • • Knowledge is scattered across industry. Master plan. traction and vehicle design). The Netherlands is a small country.

Many Dutch electric utility companies will come into the hands of private foreign investors. subassemblies and components. But if individual projects with lower budgets remain locked in competition. It can give an important impetus to new mobility and to more production of ‘zero emission’ electricity. e-net services. Employment: increase in electric drive and the ancillary developments in very different industries (vehicles. In that case it will not be possible to realise quick growth in the different areas (vehicles. • • • Conclusions The Netherlands has sufficient knowledge and capabilities to initiate the production of new electric vehicles with the existing and new supply industry. electricity. for who the issue of electric drive in the Netherlands may not be a priority (e. If the government. The Electric Vehicle Technology programme is devoted to countering the weaknesses and threats and makes maximal use of the strengths and opportunities to achieve such a position that international companies will also want to focus their demand for electrical vehicle production. filling stations) has a favourable effect on employment. market).g. energy producers. acting as customer.High Tech Automotive Systems Opportunities • • A strong home market for electric vehicles can boost production of vehicles. Aging of the population can diminish the total market for cars yet increase opportunities for the electric car. electric vehicles and more of the parts and components will be imported from abroad. RWE and Vattenfall). remains critically and substantially involved. Social / politics: Dutch government invests in and encourages pilot programmes in electric driving. ICT. research and educational institutes will be performed by HTAS. also because of the convenience of home charging. components and parts on the Netherlands. they may turn out to be temporary. We will thus lose the opportunity to create additional jobs and to build knowledge. ‘electric drive’ may provide an excellent opportunity for Dutch industry. • • Threats • Given good cooperation between electric drive projects. this may lead to a successful electric vehicle market. If the Netherlands does not act quickly enough with well-coordinated field tests and pilot projects. It also offers opportunities to build complete vehicles in flexible manufacturing plants. the Netherlands can create a significant critical mass in the market for electric vehicles. batteries. 14 June 2009 12 . The large variety of small and medium-size businesses affords the Netherlands a good position to focus on developing and manufacturing components and (sub) assemblies. If the Dutch automotive industry does not respond quickly enough. Coordination between the industry. it will not obtain the knowledge and experience required to fulfil a guiding role within Europe. In short. Environment: alternative energy sources such as wind power can be expanded and linked to electric drive. service providers.

every research project has to fulfil the constraints of: • • • • • • • • • • System Integration. The reference car will thus serve to safeguard the interconnection and interrelation between the several research projects (see figure 1). batteries). Flexibility. Programme theme Electric Vehicle Technology (EVT) Reference Car As a result of the SWOT analysis. Compatibility. To develop a solid design and assure the proper functioning of components for the electric vehicle.High Tech Automotive Systems IV. Recycling and reuse of components and materials (esp. Consistency. It is obvious. the programme line Electric Vehicle Technology (EVT) will mainly focus on components and (sub) assemblies. to demonstrate the architecture of the vehicle and the interrelation and interconnection between all the incorporated innovations. Eco-friendly use of materials. The binding goal is a newly designed and fully integrated electric vehicle as a demonstrator. This reference car or demonstrator ensures the synchronisation between the different projects. however. Scalability. Interoperability. Figure 1: The Reference Car as Guideline within the HTAS-EVT programme 14 June 2009 13 . that the individual projects need to be synchronized with each other. Modularity. the central theme and guideline in the EVT R&D-programme will be the design of a complete Reference Vehicle as a framework for all the research projects and activities. Therefore. The starting point and structure for each research project is a common electric reference car. Standardisation.

development and engineering. Other (Design. 3. TU-Delft. Hogeschool Rotterdam) and the Dutch government (represented by the Ministry of Economic Affairs). Within these 5 key areas. there is a need for a seamless integration of the different elements and components in the electric car. the content and deliverables) of each project and the organisations that are involved are provided in Appendix 1 of this report. interface with the e-infrastructure). the knowledge institutes (TNO. These improvements need to have a short time-to-market so that they can be implemented in a cost-effective and efficient manner. Control.: 14 June 2009 14 . 4.e. from scratch. These key areas are: 1. Powertrain.High Tech Automotive Systems System Integration An important condition for the success of the EVT research programme is to create a wellconsidered future-proof architecture. Therefore. and the expected turnover once the project has been successfully completed. Auxiliary equipment. and to develop and build components that fit within this common overall concept. This was done through a fruitful cooperative effort involving the automotive industry (united in the Federation Holland Automotive). The architecture has to be based on the principles of modularity. which provides guidance for car and component manufacturers throughout the complete lifecycle of the car. TU-Eindhoven. the planning. The detailed aims (that is. Chassis and Body. Good thinking makes good products. Programme description Based on the many interviews that were made for the study ‘HTAS Visie document Hybride en electrische aandrijvingen’. For each project there is an estimation of the costs. Hogeschool Arnhem-Nijmegen. i. Now is the opportunity to create. which means lower operating costs for the consumer. a well thought-out common concept for a full electric car. The following table provides an outline of the R&D programme for each of the 5 key areas. from the design stage until the final recycling process. In this way. This opens new possibilities for knowledge institutes and the industry to pursue technological improvements in their products over the course of time. 5. a number of relevant research projects for the further improvement of electric cars have been defined. HTAS has selected 5 key areas for the Dutch research programme on Electric Vehicle Technology. 2. development and production costs for the automotive industry and manufacturers of key components will be lower.

The five key areas for European research are: 1.High Tech Automotive Systems Overview R&D Programme Electric Vehicle Technology European Coordination The European Commission recently announced the ‘European Green Cars Initiative’. construction and in the automobile sector. Vehicle integration. 3. Electric Car. which have recently seen demand plummet as a result of the crisis and which face significant challenges in the transition to the green economy…’ Three Directorates General of the European Commission (INFSO. Energy storage systems. 4. integrated with the transport system. Infrastructure integration. 14 June 2009 15 . 5. 2. RTD and TREN) wish to focus on road electrification in a coordinated manner. Drive trains. The aims of this initiative are ‘to support innovation in manufacturing.

The EVT programme shows very promising international business opportunities that will allow this ambition to be met. and therefore also the focus areas of the electric vehicles. a stronger international image of the Netherlands as an industrial high-tech nation in the field of electric drive will enhance the marketing power of Dutch industry abroad and attract new industries to the Netherlands. which cannot be achieved alone. Social benefits & sustainability The challenge facing modern society is to achieve economic growth in a sustainable way. there are other benefits for the Dutch automotive industry. Analysis of the business cases Economic growth The content of the programme is based on the strengths of the Dutch automotive industry in combination with the worldwide automotive development towards lower and zero emission vehicles. Companies will become part of strong international networks. A totally new product is needed. Explicit attention will be paid to the vision of how it can be implemented in consumer environments. The calls will include a link to the average consumer to prevent the looming ‘fall into the chasm’ (that is. New developments will require stronger cohesion between companies for the electric car. are three factors of sustainable growth: Safety. 14 June 2009 16 . They have started working together with the already existing industry. This is particularly relevant for the transport industry. especially through the activities for parts. Main trends in the industry. up to about € 3.High Tech Automotive Systems Other calls concerning battery technology and a large European Field test will also be launched this year. Also in this way. for which partners need to cooperate to pursue joint results. if the mainstream market is not propelled into motion). Dutch automotive industry In addition to important economic growth. There will be a spin-off towards other sectors like the electricity sector. The main objectives of the programme are based on the above-mentioned assumptions and should lead to an increase in turnover of the sector. HTAS will consult the Dutch government and the EC to determine how cooperation in the European context can be addressed. The electric car requires other and new components. The programme will boost economic activities beyond the automotive sector as well. as an additional effect. the European Commission will concentrate on the personal and social acceptance of electric driving. From 2010. especially the full electric car.5 billion and an additional employment of 7. which new companies are already developing. Environment and Mobility. cars and complete electric cars. SMEs will get involved and work together with larger companies and knowledge institutes.500 FTEs.

Environment and Finance are jointly working on a national plan too. Hogescholen and Technical Colleges at all levels. 14 June 2009 17 . At the same time. mobility. They will boost the professional quality of the industry. This justifies the expectation that the ambitions of the Dutch automotive sector strongly cohere with the plans of the Dutch national government. Lively and attractive education programmes are an important instrument in attracting more students to Technical Universities. The two development plans appear to mesh well with each other. Skills and competencies needed for electric drive and electric cars can also benefit other sectors.High Tech Automotive Systems Education New automotive professional education programmes specialised in electric vehicle technologies are needed. During the preparation of this programme. The currently running HTAS enabling programme needs to be adapted to these new developments. environment and sustainable economic growth. the Federation Holland Automotive launched a Master plan entitled ‘Naar een snelle en grootschalige introductie van de elektrische auto in Nederland’. Government The Electric Vehicle Technology programme is an open invitation to government to work together with the industry and knowledge institutes to realise mutual goals on safety. Economic Affairs. the Ministries of Transport. both automotive and other.

and the automotive industry. Many HTAS partners participate in such international consortia. Different calls are foreseen for the coming years. The Dutch government will be involved in the execution of this programme. National and local governments. Where possible. 18 14 June 2009 . Also their know-how in terms of electricity use and its influence on electric cars will form part of the programme theme. Governance The EVT programme will be part of the HTAS Innovation Programme and should be a lean and pragmatic organisation. support is required from the technical side. e-car suppliers. which includes universities. European OEMs and Tiers often form consortia to advance R&D on special subjects. In the regional field tests to be organised for electric vehicles in the coming years. To set up an annual business plan in line with the achieved results and market developments. will be involved in these field tests of the electric car. To coordinate communication between all parties involved. it is evident that the success of HTAS depends on international collaboration. the European Commission has started the ‘Green Cars Initiative’. These contacts are very important and sometimes even preferable to 1-to-1 contacts with OEMs to avoid competition effects and restrictions in market development. The development and facilitation of new programmes in line with the targets of the Innovation Programme. which will work on various initiatives to be taken by the EC in this area. The same applies to the knowledge institutes.). The tasks for the governance of HTAS are: • • • • • To achieve the individual programme objectives (according to the Innovation Programme). Organisation Consortium The Electric Vehicle Technology programme theme will become part of the total HTAS Innovation Programme. suited to executing the programme to achieve the planned results. Government. In addition. For the Electric Vehicle Technology. electricity companies. industrial partners are not only found in the automotive sector but also in the electrical and electro-technical sector. A National Task Force will be responsible for the overall coordination of activities surrounding the introduction of electric cars in the Netherlands. with the three different – both national and international – groups of partners: • • • Industrial partners. etc. power electronics. Knowledge institute partners. Furthermore. there are roles for government institutions where legal and safety issues are concerned. launching customers etc. As pointed out above. not only as a funding partner but also in the expression of the national ambition for a sustainable transport system. efforts should focus on collaborating with European initiatives and on the organisational participation in consortia. The financial control of the programmes and reporting of the programme progress (to the programme committee and SenterNovem). knowledge institutes.High Tech Automotive Systems V. which will play a major role in developing this technology (for instance the battery and charging technology.

as for other parts of the HTAS Innovation Programme. The governance model will consist of the same organisation as the HTAS Innovation Programme with one remark: the EVT programme has a direct connection with the National Task Force for the introduction of Electric Drive in the Netherlands. namely ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’. within the HTAS Innovation Programme. This ensures that other sectors like the electricity sector are closely involved with the activities conducted within the programme. This theme can be influenced by the National Task Force and of course can feed the National Task Force with the results of the projects in return. the R&D programme ‘Efficient Vehicle’ will have a third theme.High Tech Automotive Systems For the governance and organisation of the work. Governance of the HTAS Innovation Programme and the relation with the National Task Force 14 June 2009 19 . This means that. 5% of the budget is reserved.

High Tech Automotive Systems VI. The programme will target a success rate of 70%. Knowledge transfer has to be set up (achieved through workshops. The following table provides an overview of the results. Thanks to the current HTAS Enablers sub-programme. symposia and an improved information exchange between knowledge institutes and industrial partners. Finally. The Electric Vehicle Technology Programme Line as presented in this report requires a total investment of € 87 million and is estimated to generate a total turnover of € 4. aligned with electric vehicle technology. equaling € 3. the HTAS Innovation Programme also foresees (for this additional EVT programme line) the need to support the R&D Programme with an Enabling Programme for the areas of Education. the programme line will also target a growth in employment opportunity of about 7. Finance & ambitions Based on the content described in the previous chapters. but outside the financial scope of this HTAS EVT Programme Line. the partners (and potential partners) in HTAS have worked on estimations for the required investments and the potential turnover created by the EVT programme. The governance of the HTAS EVT Programme Line is estimated to cost a maximum of about € 2 million over a 5-year period. • • • • 14 June 2009 20 . assuming that part of the turnover will be realised in the Netherlands by hightech positions. especially SMEs).700 million/year. and business development is required to match the new ideas on (E) mobility with new possible business models. However. This will be done in close cooperation with the national Task Force for Electric Mobility (see FHA report). The figures are based on estimations per sub-project. a number of operational field tests have to be set up on a national but also international scale. creating turnover and employability.500 FTEs by 2020. only a limited increase of investments is assumed: • The Education programme. Knowledge Transfer and Business Development. Furthermore. The R&D programme line will focus on innovations of key components and (sub) assemblies.500 million additional turnover. as detailed in the appendices. needs to run for about two additional years.

the Netherlands has a realistic chance of becoming a guiding country in Europe with respect to E-mobility. HTAS is ready for Electric Vehicle Technology. If this public-private partnership performs well. This programme line is moreover consistent with government goals and is presumably part of the national programme for E-mobility. knowledge partners and government to work together on societal and economic goals.High Tech Automotive Systems This new HTAS programme line for Electric Vehicle Technology is fully compatible with the focus of the HTAS Innovation Programme on Efficient Vehicle Technology. 14 June 2009 21 . Investing in Electric Vehicle Technology is an opportunity for industry. as proposed by the recent report of the Federation Holland Automotive.

Other (Design. 3. Auxiliary equipment. 4. Powertrain. interface with the e-infrastructure). 14 June 2009 22 . 2. 5.High Tech Automotive Systems Appendices A more detailed structure of the HTAS programme line ‘Electric Vehicle Technology’ is offered below. An overview of the organisations involved in this HTAS programme line is also provided. Chassis and Body. development and engineering. Control. The individual projects are grouped according to the 5 key areas: 1.

High Tech Automotive Systems 1. Chassis & body 14 June 2009 23 .

Powertrain 14 June 2009 24 .High Tech Automotive Systems 2.

Control 14 June 2009 25 .High Tech Automotive Systems 3.

Auxiliary Equipment 14 June 2009 26 .High Tech Automotive Systems 4.

Other 14 June 2009 27 .High Tech Automotive Systems 5.

High Tech Automotive Systems Organisations involved in Electric Vehicle Technology 14 June 2009 28 .

High Tech Automotive Systems References HTAS FHA HTAS HTAS Innovation Programme Naar een snelle en grootschalige Introductie van elektrische auto’s in Nederland HTAS Visie document Hybride en elektrische aandrijvingen September 2007 April 2009 January 2009 14 June 2009 29 .

nl High Tech Automotive Systems 1 . Box 1015 5700 MC Helmond T +31 492 562500 F +31 492 562501 www.HTAS Jaarplan 2009 High Tech Automotive Systems Steenovenweg 1 P.htas.