Physical Chemistry Thermodynamics Practice Exam

Montana Tech Name ____________________

There is a periodic chart and a list of constants at the end of this exam. • NO2 would behave most like an ideal gas at: a. c. • 25 °C and 0.5 atm 75 °C and 0.5 atm b. d. 25 °C and 1 atm 75 °C and 1 atm

The temperature and volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas are doubled. The density of this gas is: a. c. e. quartered unchanged quadrupled b. d. halved doubled

Two flasks of equal volume, containing an ideal gas, are connected by a tube of negligible volume. One flask is at 27 °C and the other flask is at 127 °C. Circle all the statements which are true. a. b. c. d. The pressure of the gas in the warmer flask is equal to the pressure of the gas in the colder flask. The density of the gas in the colder flask is less than the density of the gas in the warmer flask. The mass of the gas in the warmer flask is greater than the mass of the gas in the colder flask. The number of moles of gas in the colder flask is smaller than the number of moles of gas in the warmer flask.

d. intermolecular forces are pulling the molecules together. What is the reduced pressure of this gas? a. c. b. c. its pressure is above its critical pressure • Which of the following gases would have the smallest average speed: a. e.0 b. c.0 °C NH3 at 50. 0.• Which of the following gases is behaving least like an ideal gas at a given T & P: a. SO2 TeO2 • A gas whose critical pressure is 4.0 8. because: a. the gas cannot condense into a liquid above its critical temperature.50 4. d. d. e. Z.0 bar of pressure.0 °C O2 at 50.25 2. 0. less than 1.0 • At low pressures and temperatures below its critical temperature a real gas has a compressibility factor. F2 at 25.0 °C . the molecules of finite volume are beginning to bump into each other.0 °C b. d. c. CO2 SeO2 PoO2 b. O2 at 25.0 bar is at 2.

e. cmean > cmp > crms cmp > crms > cmean • For an ideal gas the value of the partial derivative: (∂E/∂V)T = ? is: a. and the most probable speed. e. Cp 5/2 R 0 b. the root mean squared speed. cmp? a. Cp 5/2 R 0 b. d. Cv 3/2 R . cmean > crms > cmp crms > cmean > cmp cmp > cmean > crms b. d. e. Cp 5/2 R 0 b. d. c. e. c. Cv 3/2 R • For a real gas the value of the partial derivative: (∂H/∂T)P = ? is: a.• In a collection of molecules in the gas phase what is the relative relationship between the mean speed. c. cmean. d. c. crms. Cv 3/2 R • For a monatomic ideal gas the value of the partial derivative: (∂H/∂T)P = ? is: a.

d. d. d. b. (a – R) (T2 – T1) + b/2 (T2 – T1)2 + c/3 (T2 – T1)3 (a – R) (T2 – T1) + b/2 (T22 – T12) – c (1/T2 – 1/T1) (a – R) (T2 – T1) + b/2 (T22 – T12) + c/3 (T23 – T13) a (T2 – T1) + b/2 (T22 – T12) + c/3 (T23 – T13) a (T2 – T1) + b/2 (T22 – T12) – c (1/T2 – 1/T1) • Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the heat transfer required to cool an ideal gas at constant volume (choose the best answer): a. e. ∫ ∫ Cv dT 5/2 n R dT ∫ ( Cp . e. c. c. ∫ ∫ Cv dT 5/2 n R dT none of the above • Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the energy change when cooling an ideal gas at constant pressure (choose the best answer): a. for an ideal gas is equal to: . The constant pressure heat capacity for this gas is: Cp = a + b T + c T . d.n R) dT • e. β. ∫ ∫ Cp dT (Cv + n R) dT b. c. ∫ ∫ Cp dT (Cv + n R) dT b.2 Which expression listed below should be used to calculate the change in enthalpy: a. c. ∫ ∫ Cv dT 5/2 n R dT none of the above • Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the enthalpy change when cooling a polyatomic gas at constant pressure (choose the best answer): a.• One mole of an ideal gas is heated from T1 to T2 at constant volume. none of the above The isothermal compressibility. e. ∫ Cp dT b.

d.247 Joules of work are done on the gas. c. step 3: Finally the gas is adiabatically compressed back to its original volume and temperature. –1/P –1 / Τ A fixed amount of an ideal gas initially at V1 and T1 is taken through the following three step cyclic process: step 1: The gas is cooled at constant volume until its temperature is T2.076 Joules of heat are transferred to the gas.a. step 2: Then the gas is isothermally and reversibly expanded. Complete the following table (hint: it may help to diagram this cyclic process on PV diagram): heat step 1 step 2 step 3 total work ∆E . e. During this expansion 1. During this compression 1. • 1/P 1/T none of the above b.

i. d.9/2 R T ΔH . ΔH ΔH . h. f. ΔH + 9/2 R T ΔH + 7/2 R T . c.For the next five questions select the letter corresponding to the best answer from among the following choices: a. e. k. c. e. • • • • • • ∆E = 0 ∆E = 0 ∆E = 0 ∆E > 0 ∆E > 0 ∆E > 0 ∆E > 0 ∆E < 0 ∆E < 0 ∆E < 0 ∆E < 0 q=0 q>0 q<0 q>0 q>0 q<0 q=0 q<0 q>0 q<0 q=0 w=0 w<0 w>0 w=0 w<0 w>0 w>0 w=0 w<0 w>0 w<0 An ideal gas is compressed adiabatically: An ideal gas is expanded isothermally: An ideal gas is heated isobarically: A real gas is warmed isometrically: A real gas is cooled adiabatically: If the enthalpy of combustion of octane at 25 °C is ΔH. d. j. b. g. ΔE of combustion is: a.7/2 R T b. C8H18 (l) + 25/2 O2 (g) -------------> 8 CO2 (g) + 9 H2O (l) the internal energy.

b.81 kJ/mole a. CaSO4•2H2O (s): ∆H∞soln. CaSO4•2H2O (s) + ∞ aq –––––> Ca2+ (∞ aq) + SO42. d.(∞ aq) –––––> CaSO4•2H2O (s) + ∞ aq Ca2+ (∞ aq) + SO42. c. d. 298 K [CaSO4•2H2O (s)] = . 298 K [SO2 (g)] = – 296. SO (g) + ½ O2 (g) –––––> SO2 (g) SO2 (g) –––––> S (s) + O2 (g) S (g) + O2 (g) –––––> SO2 (g) S (s) + O2 (g) –––––> SO2 (g) • Which of the following reactions is associated with the integral heat of formation at infinite dilution of solid gypsum. b. ½ O2 (g) –––––> O (g) O (g) + O (g) –––––> O2 (g) O2 (g) –––––> 2 O (g) O (g) –––––> ½ O2 (g) O2 (l) –––––> O2 (g) . e. d. e. c.483. b.• Which of the following reactions is associated with the standard molar enthalpy of formation of carbon dioxide: ∆H°f.(∞ aq) + 2 H2O (l) Ca (s) + S (s) + 2 H2 (g) + 3 O2 (g) + ∞ aq –––––> CaSO4•2H2O (∞ aq) • Which of the following reactions is associated with the bond enthalpy of the osygen oxygen double bond in O2: ∆H O2 = + 495 kJ/mole a.(∞ aq) + 2 H2O (l) –––––> CaSO4•2H2O (s) + ∞ aq CaSO4•2H2O (s) + ∞ aq –––> Ca2+ (∞ aq) + SO42. c.06 kcal/mole a.(∞ aq) Ca2+ (∞ aq) + SO42.

8 kcal ∆Ho = + 32. (∂V / ∂S)P (∂P / ∂T)V (∂P / ∂S)T b.S dT • Complete the Maxwell relation: .108.2 kcal b.217. .1 kcal . e.T dS dG = P dV .• Using the reaction data: 2 P (s) + 3 Cl2 (g) -----> 2 PCl3 (l) PCl5 (s) -----> PCl3 (l) + Cl2 (g) calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction: P (s) + 5/2 Cl2 (g) ------> PCl5 (g) a.PV G = H . . d. e.T dS dG = T dS .0 kcal . e. c.6 kcal ∆Ho = . c. dG = P dV – S dT b. G.151. G = H + PV G = H +TS • The total differential for the Gibb’s free energy. is defined as: a.P dV dG = V dP .119. (∂T / ∂V)P (∂V/ ∂T)P . G.43. dG = V dP . is: a. c.81 kcal • Gibb’s free energy.184. d. G = E +PV G = H .7 kcal d. d. . c.(∂S / ∂P)T = ? a. e.TS b.

. c. What is the probability that three of the molecules will be found in one of the bulbs and two in the other? a.40 . 0. e. d. e. d. c. d.1268 kcal 0 kcal .732 kcal b. . e.732 kcal + 732 kcal • What is the thermodynamic efficiency of an engine running at 60 °C and which is cooled by water at 15 °C ? a. e.(∂S / ∂P)T b.17 0.• Complete the relation: (∂G / ∂P)T = ? a. -S (∂G / ∂T)P .62 b. 0.31 0. c. V (∂V / ∂T)P • 1000 kcal of heat are withdrawn from a high temperature reservoir and used by the system to do 268 kcal of work on the surroundings.03 0. 14 % 25 % 86 % b. c. d. The amount of waste heat transferred to a lower temperature reservoir is: a. 16 % 75 % • 5 molecules are distributed between two gas bulbs.

b. d. c.• For which of the following processes is the entropy change for the system. ∆Ssystem zero: a. e. an ideal gas expands isothermally an ideal gas isothermally expands into a vacuum an ideal gas expands adiabatically and irreversibly two ideal gases are mixed to form an ideal solution none of the above .

<0 =0 b. ∆Stotal. d. d. >0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The entropy change in the surroundings. is: a. c. d.The next three questions refer to the following figure in which an ideal gas is isothermally expanded: • The entropy change for the gas. <0 =0 b. c. ∆Sgas. <0 =0 b. is: a. >0 insufficient information is provided to answer 25. is: a. ∆Ssurr. c.0 . >0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The total entropy change.

∆Stotal. is: a. benzene.The next five questions refer to the phase change: 60.0 °C. is: a. =0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The total entropy change.1 °C. The system is in contact with an isothermal surroundings at 60. d. d. is: a. ∆G° 80. c. >0 <0 b. >0 <0 b. ∆G 60. c. =0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The entropy change for the surroundings.0 °C. =0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The standard Gibb's free energy change for the benzene. =0 insufficient information is provided to answer • The Gibb's free energy change for the benzene. c. >0 <0 b.1 °C. is: a. c. ∆Sbenzene. c. >0 <0 b. d.0 °C C6H6 (l) –––––––> C6H6 (g) 1 bar The equilibrium boiling point of benzene at 1 bar is 80. d. =0 insufficient information is provided to answer • For the vaporization of benzene at standard pressure: . d. • The entropy change for the benzene. ∆Ssurr. >0 <0 b. benzene is: a.

c.2 K • The standard Gibb's free energies of formation of calcite and aragonite.2 K 353. increases doesn't change b. c.C6H6 (l) --------> C6H6 (g) ΔH°vap = + 33. two crystalline forms of CaCO3 (s).8 K 298. 2.9 kJ / mole ΔS°vap = + 96. calcite) CaCO3 (s. 298 K (kcal/mole) CaCO3 (s.2 K 2832 K b. aragonite) At 25.0 J / (mole K) Estimate the equilibrium boiling point at standard pressure: a.0 °C and standard pressure: a. 273. decreases can either increase or decrease depending on the situation . are: ∆G°f.78 – 269. b. c. c. d. d. calcite is stable aragonite is stable calcite and aragonite are at equilibrium insufficient information is provided on which to base an answer – 269.53 • When the temperature on a substance is decreased isobarically the Gibb's free energy of the substance: a. d.

What is Kc for the reaction at 150 oC? a.1482 0. 0. c. decreases can either increase or decrease depending on the situation • 50.000 of oC come to equilibrium in a 1. e.0 mL each of liquid benzene.00 bar. c.5000 . ∆E ∆S ∆Go • 2. d.• When the pressure on a substance is decreased isothermally the Gibb's free energy of the substance: a. 0. f.000 L constant volume container and at a constant temperature of 150 oC: A (g) + 2 B (g) --------> 2 C (g) At equilibrium there are 2. e.04938 0.250 moles of A in the mixture. ∆V ∆H ∆G b. C6H5CH3 (l) are mixed at 25.000 of B and 1. d.000 moles of A and 1.25 b. c. and liquid toluene. increases doesn't change b. d. C6H6 (l).1600 20.0 oC and 1. Which of the following quantities are expected to be zero (circle all that apply)? a.

696 atm 1.000 atm = 14.6 grams K = oC + 273.08205 l atm/mole K = 8.000 in.0 torr 1.67 K Avogadro's number = 6.54 cm .000 atm = 760.Useful information: R = 0.023 x 1023 1.000 lbm = 453.15 oR = oF + 459.314 J/mole K = 1.987 cal/mole K 1. = 2.