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There is a periodic chart and a list of constants at the end of this exam.

• The temperature and volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas are doubled. The density

of this gas is:

a. quartered b. halved

c. unchanged d. doubled

e. quadrupled

• Two flasks of equal volume, containing an ideal gas, are connected by a tube of

negligible volume. One flask is at 27 °C and the other flask is at 127 °C. Circle all the

statements which are true.

a. The pressure of the gas in the warmer flask is equal to the pressure of the gas in

the colder flask.

b. The density of the gas in the colder flask is less than the density of the gas in the

warmer flask.

c. The mass of the gas in the warmer flask is greater than the mass of the gas in the

colder flask.

d. The number of moles of gas in the colder flask is smaller than the number of

moles of gas in the warmer flask.

• Which of the following gases is behaving least like an ideal gas at a given T & P:

a. CO2 b. SO2

c. SeO2 d. TeO2

e. PoO2

• A gas whose critical pressure is 4.0 bar is at 2.0 bar of pressure. What is the reduced

pressure of this gas?

a. 0.25 b. 0.50

c. 2.0 d. 4.0

e. 8.0

• At low pressures and temperatures below its critical temperature a real gas has a

compressibility factor, Z, less than 1, because:

b. the molecules of finite volume are beginning to bump into each other.

c. the gas cannot condense into a liquid above its critical temperature.

• Which of the following gases would have the smallest average speed:

a. F2 at 25.0 °C b. O2 at 25.0 °C

• In a collection of molecules in the gas phase what is the relative relationship between the

mean speed, cmean, the root mean squared speed, crms, and the most probable speed, cmp?

a. cmean > crms > cmp b. cmean > cmp > crms

c. crms > cmean > cmp d. cmp > crms > cmean

(∂E/∂V)T = ?

is:

a. Cp b. Cv

c. 5/2 R d. 3/2 R

e. 0

(∂H/∂T)P = ?

is:

a. Cp b. Cv

c. 5/2 R d. 3/2 R

e. 0

(∂H/∂T)P = ?

is:

a. Cp b. Cv

c. 5/2 R d. 3/2 R

e. 0

• One mole of an ideal gas is heated from T1 to T2 at constant volume. The

constant pressure heat capacity for this gas is:

Cp = a + b T + c T - 2

Which expression listed below should be used to calculate the change in enthalpy:

• Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the heat transfer

required to cool an ideal gas at constant volume (choose the best answer):

a. ∫ Cp dT b. ∫ Cv dT

c. ∫ (Cv + n R) dT d. ∫ 5/2 n R dT

• Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the energy change

when cooling an ideal gas at constant pressure (choose the best answer):

a. ∫ Cp dT b. ∫ Cv dT

c. ∫ (Cv + n R) dT d. ∫ 5/2 n R dT

• Which one of the following expressions should be used to calculate the enthalpy change

when cooling a polyatomic gas at constant pressure (choose the best answer):

a. ∫ Cp dT b. ∫ Cv dT

c. ∫ ( Cp - n R) dT d. ∫ 5/2 n R dT

• The isothermal compressibility, β, for an ideal gas is equal to:

a. 1/P b. –1/P

c. 1/T d. –1 / Τ

the following three step cyclic process:

is T2.

During this expansion 1,076 Joules of heat are transferred to the

gas.

original volume and temperature. During this compression

1,247 Joules of work are done on the gas.

Complete the following table (hint: it may help to diagram this cyclic process on PV

diagram):

heat work ∆E

step 1

step 2

step 3

total

For the next five questions select the letter corresponding to the best answer from among the

following choices:

a. ∆E = 0 q=0 w=0

b. ∆E = 0 q>0 w<0

c. ∆E = 0 q<0 w>0

a. ΔH b. ΔH + 9/2 R T

c. ΔH - 9/2 R T d. ΔH + 7/2 R T

e. ΔH - 7/2 R T

• Which of the following reactions is associated with the standard molar enthalpy of

formation of carbon dioxide:

• Which of the following reactions is associated with the integral heat of formation at

infinite dilution of solid gypsum, CaSO4•2H2O (s):

the osygen oxygen double bond in O2:

∆H O2 = + 495 kJ/mole

• Using the reaction data:

PCl5 (s) -----> PCl3 (l) + Cl2 (g) ∆Ho = + 32.81 kcal

e. - 217.2 kcal

a. G = E +PV b. G = H + PV

c. G = H - PV d. G = H +TS

e. G = H - TS

a. dG = P dV – S dT b. dG = V dP - T dS

c. dG = T dS - P dV d. dG = P dV - T dS

e. dG = V dP - S dT

- (∂S / ∂P)T = ?

e. (∂P / ∂S)T

• Complete the relation:

(∂G / ∂P)T = ?

a. -S b. V

e. - (∂S / ∂P)T

and used by the system to do 268 kcal of work on the surroundings.

The amount of waste heat transferred to a lower temperature

reservoir is:

e. - 732 kcal

by water at 15 °C ?

a. 14 % b. 16 %

c. 25 % d. 75 %

e. 86 %

• 5 molecules are distributed between two gas bulbs. What is the probability that three of

the molecules will be found in one of the bulbs and two in the other?

a. 0.03 b. 0.17

c. 0.31 d. 0.40

e. 0.62

• For which of the following processes is the entropy change for the system,

∆Ssystem zero:

The next three questions refer to the following figure in which an ideal gas is isothermally

expanded:

a. <0 b. >0

c. =0 d. insufficient information

is provided to answer

a. <0 b. >0

c. =0 d. insufficient information

is provided to answer

a. <0 b. >0

c. =0 d. insufficient information

is provided to answer

25.0

The next five questions refer to the phase change:

60.0 °C

C6H6 (l) –––––––> C6H6 (g)

1 bar

The equilibrium boiling point of benzene at 1 bar is 80.1 °C. The system is in contact with an

isothermal surroundings at 60.0 °C.

a. >0 b. =0

is provided to answer

a. >0 b. =0

is provided to answer

a. >0 b. =0

is provided to answer

• The Gibb's free energy change for the benzene, ∆G 60.0 °C, benzene is:

a. >0 b. =0

is provided to answer

• The standard Gibb's free energy change for the benzene, ∆G° 80.1 °C, benzene, is:

a. >0 b. =0

is provided to answer

C6H6 (l) --------> C6H6 (g)

ΔS°vap = + 96.0 J / (mole K)

a. 2.8 K b. 273.2 K

c. 298.2 K d. 353.2 K

c. 2832 K

• The standard Gibb's free energies of formation of calcite and aragonite, two crystalline

forms of CaCO3 (s), are:

a. calcite is stable

b. aragonite is stable

• When the temperature on a substance is decreased isobarically the Gibb's free energy of

the substance:

a. increases b. decreases

depending on the situation

• When the pressure on a substance is decreased isothermally the Gibb's free energy of the

substance:

a. increases b. decreases

depending on the situation

• 50.0 mL each of liquid benzene, C6H6 (l), and liquid toluene, C6H5CH3 (l) are

mixed at 25.0 oC and 1.00 bar. Which of the following quantities are expected to be zero

(circle all that apply)?

a. ∆V b. ∆E

c. ∆H d. ∆S

e. ∆G f. ∆Go

in a 1.000 L constant volume container and at a constant temperature

of 150 oC:

the reaction at 150 oC?

a. 0.04938 b. 0.1482

c. 0.1600 d. 0.5000

e. 20.25

Useful information:

K = oC + 273.15

oR = oF + 459.67 K

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