Christelle

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Villezas

IV – Electron

HISTORY OF BOWLING
The history of bowling can be traced back to the Stone Age. The first evidence of the game was discovered by the British Anthropologist Sir Flinders Petrie and his team of archaeologists in Egypt in the 1930s. He unearthed a collection of objects from a small child?s grave that appeared to have been the primitive form of the game. However, some argue that the game evolved much later than that. William Pehle, a German historian, claimed that the game of bowling originated in Germany around 300 AD. In Germany, the game had its origin as a religious ceremony for determining absence of sin. This game, introduced by the German monks to the masses, flourished as a customary test of faith. In England, bowling was started as early as the 1100s. Throughout England, several variations of bowling, such as half-bowls, skittles and ninepins, existed during the mid 1300s. But, the first written mention of the game was made by the King Edward III in the year 1366. In this reference, he allegedly imposed a ban on playing this game among his troops because it was distracting the troops from archery practice. Later, during the regime of King Henry VIII, the game gained popularity and was played as a symbol of nobility and social status. Bowling has been popular in America since Colonial days. During 17th century, English, Dutch and German settlers imported their own version of bowling to America. At that time, the game consisted of nine pins which were regularly played in an area of New York City still known as "Bowling Green". Connecticut banned ninepins in 1841 because of their gambling implications. The American Bowling Congress was formed on 9 September 1895 and is credited with standardizing bowling in the United States and organizing official competition. The Women's Bowling League followed in 1917, under the encouragement of proprietor Dennis Sweeny. Through the years, the game has changed. A variety of tactics have been developed. The invention of automatic pinspotter in the 1940s revolutionized both the bowling game and industry. Currently, the sport of bowling is enjoyed by 95 million people in more than ninety countries worldwide.

EQUIPMENTS
Ball When picking a bowling ball provided by a bowling alley, it is recommended you choose a weight you are comfortable with. After deciding on a weight, check to see if your fingers can snuggly fit into the holes. The tight fit allow for maximum grip without causing the ball to get stuck to your fingers when you release. When buying your own custom ball, a ball should be drilled to the specifications of your hand. A custom ball will allow you to develop stronger muscle memory, as different bowling alleys can have slight variances in their

These shoes can be bought. while the sliding foot is made of a much softer material that allows a bowler to slide into his release. FACILITIES Bowling Lane Bowling Pin . middle and ring fingers in the holes.bowling balls. Generally. but they are normally rented. including those with a full metal finger design and ones with an uncovered portion for the middle and ring fingers. Shoes Bowling shoes possess an intermediate style between regular dressing shoes and the athletic type. Gloves A bowling glove is a glove with a metal wrist support and a textured face that offers support in order to enhance grip. There are different glove styles. The sole of the non sliding foot is generally made of rubber similar to that of a basketball sneaker to create stability. bowlers throw with their thumb.