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The inherent value of nothing
Buy Nothing Day brings together students, community members to gather in free services and costless activities
KELSEY RIDEOUT ou may have recently strolled into the University Centre to find it empty of the usual trinkets being sold and instead filled with a community of students participating in an array of vibrant activities. Many passing through eventually stopped to join in on potting plants, repairing bikes, knitting in groups and juggling the day away all in the spirit of Buy Nothing Day. The annual event, celebrated in North America on Nov. 26, falls on the same day as ‘Black Friday,’ a day of sales that marks one of the 10 busiest days of shopping in the U.S. Canadians had a major role in establishing the day that criticizes incessant consumption, as it was first founded by Ted Dave, an artist from Vancouver. Adbusters, a Canadian-based magazine, has taken leadership in organizing and promoting Buy Nothing Day across the world. Matt Little and Zoë BarrettWood are involved in the local cyclist advocacy group known as gotBIKE. Both in their final year of undergraduate studies, Little spent the day repairing bikes, while Barrett-Wood engaged in outreach and education activities. “What we’re trying to do here is just challenge people to buy nothing for a day, and it really does bring out a bit of a community, people really come out and offer their services. Equally important to cutting down on your consumption is sharing what you do and what you know, your knowledge and skills, whatever it might be,” said Little, of his motivation to partake in Buy Nothing Day. By the afternoon, Little had serviced 15-20 people who came to the University Centre with broken bikes, free of charge. Barrett-Wood explained the connection between gotBIKE and critiquing global capitalism. “We really want to be here in the spirit of Buy Nothing Day because when you’re riding a bike, you’re not buying a ticket to be on a bus, and you’re not buying gas to drive a car. We’ve been giving away free shirts that we painted ourselves and we’ve also been getting people to draw and write their ideas about what a world or a city would look like if there was less cars and people have had amazing ideas, and it’s really exciting to see the passion that there is for biking.” Those who participated in the event seemed to share in a conviction that current consumption patterns must shift in order to address some of the environmental challenges that communities are being faced with. “I think it’s definitely important to reduce our consumption,” said Barrett-Wood. “As many people know, we live in a society or in a country that consumes far, far more than most people in the world, and we also know that we live in a world with finite resources and we’re using them up at a rapid pace. So it’s important for the survival for the human race.” Another reason to reduce consumption is simply because it’s a whole lot of fun. “I think it can make life a lot more fun. I think consumption see “BND,” page 3

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Issues

Megan Verhey The stage at The Bullring on the University of Guelph campus oddly tranquil before internationally known musician Peter Katz took the stage on Saturday Nov. 27.

We’re all polluted!
Co-author of Slow Death by Rubber Duck speaks out against hidden toxic chemicals
Nov. 23. Since spending 12 years at Guelph earning a bachelors, masters and PhD, Smith has dedicated much of his time to studying toxic pollutants in our bodies and where they come from. According to Smith, toxic chemicals appear in many innocent looking products that we use on a daily basis. “The rubber duck was emblematic of this new kind of pollution,” said Smith. Until recently, rubber ducks often contained chemicals called phthalates, which have been linked to breast cancer and a number of other health issues. “How ironic that in the bathtub my four year old son, until I knew better, had a

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CODY KUPFERSCHMIDT ollutants in the human body are a serious issue. According to Executive Director of Environmental Defense, Dr. Rick Smith, there are measurable levels of hundreds of dangerous synthetic compounds in our bodies. Co-author of the book Slow Death by Rubber Duck, Smith was the guest lecturer for the Environmental Governance Speaker Series presentation on

rubber duck and would chew on it, and those toxic chemicals would leach into his body,” said Smith. As he became aware of the toxic chemicals around him, Smith thought of a unique way of studying the impacts. “We had this idea of testing people for pollution.” Smith tested pollution levels in a broad range of Canadians from different ethnicities, age groups and income classes. The results were shocking. He found measurable levels of hundreds of synthetic chemicals in his test subjects’ bodies. “The punch line is that we’re all polluted,” said Smith.

When describing his results to test subjects, Smith said their responses were often similar. “Everybody had the same question which is: how did this stuff get in me?” He admits that at the time, he didn’t have very good answers. To try and answer such questions, Smith was compelled to write a book. Slow Death by Rubber Duck focuses on seven chemical families that people come in contact with on a regular basis: phthalates, PFCs, PBDEs, mercury, triclosan, see “DUCK,” page 4

3BEES 5 GAMING 8 1 MILK 6
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Index
5 Arts & Culture 11 Sports & Health 17 Life 20 Opinion 21 Editorial 23 Crossword 23 Comics 22

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WikiLeaks sets off storm with more leaked documents
Hundreds of thousands of confidential U.S. State Department documents have been released by the website WikiLeaks. The newly disclosed information was first provided to five international publications. U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton has strongly condemned the release of the documents and defended the U.S., stating that “policy is a matter of public record as reflected in [U.S.] statements and actions around the world.” Meanwhile, a former senior advisor to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Tom Flanagan, has publically expressed his support for the political assassination of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, claiming that he “wouldn’t be unhappy” if he disappeared. CBC

“BND,” continued actually takes up a lot of our lives. It takes up a lot of our time. And so if we’re not spending time shopping at the mall, or figuring out what food to buy, if you’re not doing that, you’re giving yourself more time to make meals with your friends, to make clothing with your friends or to go find a local place and not buy into the typical consumption lifestyle,” said Barrett-Wood. In regards to the economy, one day of lowering consumption may not make a major difference. But Little explained that the main

purpose of Buy Nothing Day is to spread awareness and question the often-high value that is placed on consumption in our society. “Obviously people need to buy food in order to eat, they need to buy clothing in order to wear their clothing. Everything that everyone is wearing or eating today has been purchased at some point…I don’t think the aim of the day is to make a huge difference in terms of our economy or cutting down on spending, it’s just to shine a light a little bit on our western way of life.”

Megan Verhey Dr. Lawrence Packer, author of Keeping the Bees recently came to Guelph to talk about his book.

Violence riddles the Haitian elections
Discord spread throughout the Haitian election campaigns due to fears of the government tainting the votes. There were assassination attempts on candidate and singer Michel Martelly and candidate Mirlande Manigat. Both candidates have accused the Haitian government of potential fraud in Sunday’s vote and another of Haiti’s major political parties will not acknowledge the election at all. Candidates and the United Nations are predicting more violence. There is question as to whether Haiti, which after Afghanistan is Canada’s main foreign priority, was given enough funding for the election. Six million dollars was provided to Haiti for the election campaigns and to help build up its democratic institutions. In addition to violence during the election, there is a massive outbreak of cholera gripping Haiti, claiming over 1,000 lives so far. CBC

Why the bees are getting all the buzz
Dr. Lawrence Packer, author and professor, comes to Guelph to deconstruct myths about bees
GENNA BUCK he importance of bees was the focus of a talk given by Dr. Lawrence Packer, professor of biology at York University and author of Keeping the Bees: Why bees are at risk and what we can do to save them. The event, which took place on Monday, Nov. 2, at the Artisanale Café, was part of the Environment Bound speaker series hosted by the School of Environmental Sciences. “Bees are in trouble for a whole pile of reasons,” explained Packer at the opening of the presentation. “One of them being that most people only think they know what bees are.” He clicked to a slide depicting the book jacket of Bees of the World. “That’s a fly on the cover,” he said. Just about everything we believe about bees is exaggerated. For one thing, plenty of bees store food for their nest mates— sometimes using chewed-up animal carcasses— but less than four per cent produce edible honey. Secondly, that awful fear we have of bee stings is actually overblown. Only female bees can sting, and 15 per cent of bee species do not sting at all. And the old adage “busy as a bee?” It is not accurate either. “Not all bees work hard. A large number don’t collect any pollen and don’t contribute to nest construction,” explained Packer. So what is a bee, if not a busy insect that stings and makes honey? Until recently, even biologists found it difficult to know for sure. Thanks in part to research at the University of Guelph, classifying bees is much more efficient and accurate than it was in the past. Using a microscope, even experts made errors at least 40 per cent of the time, and often mixed up bees with wasps. Today, DNA barcoding can identify species with 97 per cent accuracy. The technology, which is housed at Guelph’s Biodiversity Institute, is also better for bees: just one antenna is sufficient for a sample, which the insects can easily live without. Researchers at Guelph and York have also developed “user-friendly keys,” visual indexes of traits that are available for free on the internet. The public can now help scientists by classifying the bees in their gardens. Scientists will need all the help they can get—naming all the world’s bees is an enormous task. More than 20 000 species are identified, including 900 in Ontario. Many more are thought to exist. To the average person, it might seem a little excessive to investigate one annoying insect in so much detail. “People often ask me if bees are pests,” said Packer. “If you are allergic to beestings and you eat nothing but seafood, then bees might be a pest to you. But even if you eat nothing but meat, you need bees. 15 per cent of Canadian beef and dairy products depend on pollination by alfalfa leaf

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A call for tougher parole laws Kelsey Rideout Buy Nothing Day brought together students that offered free services like bike repairs for those passing through the UC.
Clifford Olsen, convicted serial killer of 11 children between the ages of nine and 18, is serving 11 concurrent life sentences in Canada’s highest security institute, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Que. On Tuesday, he was denied parole for the second time, but the families of the victims and the federal government are questioning if Canada’s parole laws are too lax. All inmates have the right to request a parole hearing every two years after they have served a portion of their sentence. There is a bill being reintroduced into Parliament by the government that if passed will make it tougher for inmates like Olsen to request parole as often as every two years. Whether the bill is passed or not, officials say it would be unlikely for Olsen to ever obtain parole. CBC

cutter bees.” Bees are also uniquely useful for warning scientists about environmental degradation. “Bees are much more susceptible to negative impacts in the environment, because of the way they reproduce,” said Packer. However, scientists will need to better understand bee diversity before they can use the insects in environmental monitoring. That is why research is so important. Students can help support bee populations too. “Even if you’re in a high rise you can plant bee-friendly flowers. Buy organic if you can, and support our

research,” advised Packer. These simple steps can help stop the decline that some of Ontario’s bee species are facing because of habitat fragmentation and pesticide use. We should be ready for negative consequences if we continue to neglect bees. “In Canada, certainly a few species have gone through the floor,” said Packer. “The food system is using backup species for now, so they are okay. But the crops that require pollination are increasing and the number of hives is decreasing. We might be in for it.”

Compiled by Rachel Scapillati and Kelsey Rideout

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Seeking solutions to poverty
The role of science in poverty alleviation
ANDREA LAMARRE Few topics spark as much debate as solutions to world poverty. Many have devoted their lives to the pursuit of effective strategies in poverty alleviation, searching for that magical innovation that will provide for the millions living in poverty worldwide. On Nov. 26, the University of Guelph hosted Javier Ekboir and Cris Sette from the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research at the Institutional Learning and Change Program (ILAC) to learn more about the link between poverty alleviation and science. Ekboir is a prior economist and currently works in the domain of capacity building. Before introducing the idea of how science could impact human development outcomes, he spoke about the multilayered concept of poverty, particularly in the context of two main components: food security and the achievement of a healthy lifestyle. “When we talk about poverty alleviation, what are we seeking as a goal for the system? […] Are we seeing food security as a step toward creating a healthy lifestyle? That’s not being discussed. We are talking about wanting to alleviate poverty but we don’t have a goal or a benchmark and that is one of the key problems with today’s policies,” said Ekboir. The distinction between food security and poverty alleviation is key in the discourse of science and its role in human development outcomes. Ekboir made it clear that science, while an important element in assuring food security, is not the solution in and of itself. Agricultural science as it is currently practiced is able to greatly improve crop yield, but the increase in production resulting from applying these new techniques raises the average small farming family’s income to just slightly above the poverty line. “The way that we are doing it, with the type of science we are doing, we can only contribute to food security,” commented Ekboir. “The development community is recognizing that increasing the yields of staples will not solve the issue of poverty.” What is the role then, of all the up and coming research in this field? According to Ekboir, finding an answer is contingent upon paying attention to the current dynamics of poverty. In the wake of worldwide trends of globalization, urbanization, migration and the rising middle class countries, small farmers are increasingly relying on extraagricultural sources of income. More and more, remittances from international migrants are gaining ground in raising familial income in developing countries. “The average remittance in Latin America was about 300 dollars a month. Now remember that if we could triple the production of maize, this would amount to about a month of remittances. So if you are a family in the countryside, what’s your strategy?” Of course, this doesn’t mean that improving agricultural techniques and innovations have no place in the poverty alleviation resource bank. However, Ekboir made a distinction between the roles for private, public and civil society actors in creating and applying inventions to agriculture. The majority of small farmers are not interested in using technologies to increase crop yields, as they have no interest in becoming commercial farmers and are turning instead to other strategies to improve their quality of life. “Once a family chooses to have a migrant, they continue producing maize or the staples just to cover their food needs or to produce their traditional dishes…they are not interested in selling or investing

Megan Verhey too much money in fertilizers or herbicides,” explained Ekboir. The key message that Ekboir expressed throughout his talk was that, ultimately, there is no one solution that will solve poverty, scientific or otherwise. “We need to think of policies that take into account the heterogeneity of poor populations,” he said. Realistic about the future of development studies and agricultural policy, Ekboir reinforced that though our society is increasingly turning to orphan crops indigenous to underdeveloped countries and building a market in local organics, “it’s not going to be the panacea or the solution for all small farmers in poor countries.” Science is but a step in the pursuit of improved human development outcomes.

“DUCK,” continued PFCs, PBDEs, mercury, triclosan, pesticides, and BPAs. In one experiment, Smith brushed with Colgate Total toothpaste and used aftershave and soap containing triclosan. “These are all brand name, off the shelf products I bought at my

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local Loblaws,” he noted. After two days, his triclosan levels had increased 2900 times. “If you take nothing else from this lecture tonight, go home, take your Colgate Total toothpaste and throw it away,” Smith told the audience. Triclosan is a registered pesticide. When studying the effects of BPA, Smith drank out of a baby bottle and ate food from a microwaveable container. He also ate canned food, noting that cans are often lined with BPA. After two days, his BPA levels had increased by seven and a half times. “You can only imagine what the levels of BPA in an infant would look like if their sole source of nutrition for two and half years was from a BPA baby bottle,” said Smith. Having these chemicals in our bodies can cause serious issues and have long-term effects. “All of the chemicals we looked at are hormonally active when they enter the human body,” noted Smith, explaining that they can alter almost any hormonally-driven biological process. “There are now studies on

BPA that have found effects in the developing ovaries of fetuses,” said Smith. “That’s not an effect that we’ll see for fifty years.” During Smith’s testing, he found chemicals in his own body that had been banned in Canada in the 1970s. Although our bodies presently contain hundreds of these synthetic chemicals, Smith believes that we’re on the path to detoxification. In April 2008, Canada became the first jurisdiction in the world to ban BPA in baby bottles. “I’m very optimistic that even more change in this area is coming,” said Smith. “The environmental movement is winning in a great many respects.”

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The darker side of mining
Well-known Congolese activist comes to Guelph, expresses concern over BetterPlanet Project being tied to Kinross Gold
KELSEY RIDEOUT he Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), a country located in central Africa, has had a tumultuous and violent history. In 1998, war broke out and seven other African countries became involved in what has been called ‘Africa’s First World War.’ It is estimated that six million people have died since then, approximately half of the victims being children under the age of five. Gaining media attention is the rampant use of sexual violence against women by the perpetrators of the conflict. Kambale Musavuli, a Congolese activist who currently works for Friends of the Congo as their Student Coordinator, recently came to the U of G to talk about the conflict. Musavuli spent a significant part of his lecture discussing the mining industry in the DRC. A particular substance known as coltan, a black tar-like mineral that is used in many electronic devices including cell phones and computers, is found in high quantities in the DRC, making the country a desirable mining destination. To Musavuli, who left his country in 1998 due to the start of another war, the mining sector and the violence happening in the DRC cannot be separated, and this should be of particular concern to Canadians. “I think that many people do not know that almost 80 per cent of the world’s capital market in mining come from the Toronto Stock Exchange and that makes it very key to the situation in the Congo…” said Musavuli. “So it will be very key to educate the Canadians to understand that mining corporations exploiting people around the world, specifically speaking about the Congo, are in your backyard.” Musavuli brought up several alarming but largely unfamiliar cases of Canadian mining companies being implicated in the DRC conflict. Presently, Congolese civilians are suing an AustralianCanadian copper mining company for its involvement of violence being waged on a particular village. “You have Congolese suing a mining company in Montreal, their suing Anvil mining…they were implicated into a killing in a village called Kilwa. What took place was that the company provided logistics to the Congolese army, which used it to kill the local civilians…They were sued in Congo, the case was moved from civil to military courts. But unfortunately in the Congolese courts, the case was dismissed… Given the convictions did not receive justice, they’ve taken it up themselves to sue the company in Montreal,” said Musavuli. Another striking story Musavuli shared was one of a Canadian author, Alain Denault, who has written a book about Canadian companies in Africa, called Noir Canada. Two Canadian mining companies are currently suing the author. “This book documents what Banro and Barrick are doing around the world and they have a chapter dedicated to what Banro is doing in the Congo. He used 1200 facts that anybody can pull out and find and he compiled it into a book. So tell me why today, Banro and Barrick are suing a Canadian author who exposed what they’re doing in the Congo? They’re suing him for $10 million dollars, right now when we speak. No one wants to translate the book into English because everybody is afraid that if they do translate the book, they will be sued also.” Musavuli ended his lecture with linking the subject of mining in the DRC to the Guelph campus itself. He expressed concern over the partnership between Kinross Gold mining company and the University’s ambitious fundraising campaign called the ‘Better Planet Project.’ “If you just do a Google search of ‘Kinross Congo,’ I think it should be the first thing that comes up, a Mining Watch Canada link, where it literally describes how the company came in [to the DRC] during the time of chaos, and got one of the sweetest deals ever and didn’t provide anything to the locals…” said Musavuli. “[People think] ‘Wow Kinross is doing the BetterPlanet Project to help the people to create a better city, a better campus, a better environment. Wow.’ But millions of Africans, on the record, have been exploited by them. So that is disturbing to me to see that happen, that’s very disturbing.”

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Arts & Culture
A long silent trip inside
Guelphite Jerome Giovinazzo takes part in a three-year silent retreat to better himself and the world
any unwelcome piece of trash in the outdoors. “When you’re walking outside down a pristine trail and you see garbage, my tendency is to pick it up so other people don’t have to see that. This whole journey for me is essentially an inwards hike. Anything that I see inside myself, any “garbage,” anger, jealousy, hatred, ignorance, anything that I see within myself I have to clean up,” said Giovinazzo. The ideas Jerome expresses have existed as an essential part of Buddhist teachings for centuries. But discussing the ideas is the easy part, and many people preach the benefits while far fewer actually practice. The difficulty lies in actually carrying out the task, and revealing the benefits of rigorous meditation and self-exploration to oneself through experience. Jerome is prepared to see the task through, knowing that only if he goes through with it himself can he help others. He asserted that his motivation to help people in a more honest way will help him through the hard times that await him in silent contemplation. “Knowing that there are people out there who are suffering so much, and knowing that if I can make myself a better person then I have more to give to others. Until that point it’s like walking around in the world giving people directions to a city I’ve never been to. In order to be able to guide someone I have to be able to get there first,” said Giovinazzo. According to Jerome, helping others is one of the most important things to life, and the only way to ensure your own happiness. He sees the “what goes around comes around” belief as something more than just a common phrase, a notion with true merit and practical application. Jerome insists that the actions we commit in life have a direct impact on us through the way they make us feel and the actions that come back around to us through others. If nowhere else, Jerome has seen this to be true in the example set by his own mother. “One of the motivating factors for me to do this is my mother. I’ve just seen her selflessly serve her entire life taking care of other people. She’s continually happy and I realized underneath all of it was that she’s always taking care of others,” said Giovinazzo. Jerome has been meditating and studying for six years now, and is prepared for what’s at hand. Still he knows that the road before him is a long one, and sees it as anything but an escape. “This is going to be the most amount of work I’ve ever done in my life,” he said. The benefit concert this Friday will help to raise money for the cabins these participants will stay in, and provide supplies for the extensive endeavour. The show will feature great local talents like Shannon Kingsbury, Choir in Motion and several others. Tickets are available at the Bookshelf.

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JOSH DOYLE any people are taking flight these days, setting off to Europe and South Asia to see what beauties behold. Others are taking a much longer trip, in a very different direction. This Friday Dec. 3, the St. James Anglican Church will host a fundraiser for a group of determined individuals setting out on a personal journey at the year’s end. Jerome Giovinazzo and forty others are embarking upon a silent retreat in a remote part of Southern Arizona to find personal peace, and better enable themselves to help others. For three years, three months and three days, the participants in this retreat will live together in utter silence, spending most of their time alone in individual cabins, meditating at least four times a day. Giovinazzo shared his thoughts on the retreat, the benefits he sees for himself and others, and how he plans to push through the inevitable difficulties he’ll face. “We’re all trying to grab some kind of happiness and we don’t know how to do it,” said Giovinazzo. “We buy a new car and six months later the car just doesn’t intrigue us anymore. We get a new partner and a year later they’re not

Courtesy Jerome Giovinazzo will be on retreat in Southern Arizona for more than three years, with a benefit show Friday at St. James church making you happy anymore.” These were some of the thoughts that initially pushed him to studying Buddhism in search for a different way of seeing the world. Eventually Giovanazzo found, with the help of Buddhist teachings and working towards realizing the less apparent truths of life, that to seek satisfaction in things outside of oneself was fruitless; the real answers lied inside. This is what the meditative process is all about, going inside of oneself to change your way of perceiving the world. For Giovinazzo and others who ascribe to similar beliefs, the world is very much a neutral place, and we project the qualities of good or bad, beautiful and ugly onto our experiences. “For thousands of years people have been trying to manipulate their outer world, trying to force people to see things their way, and it just doesn’t work. If you don’t like what you’re seeing in your outer world, the idea is you have to go inside and change yourself,” said Giovinazzo. Once you undergo this process of self-exploration, and endeavour to change yourself instead of things outside of you, the hope is that the changes you make will manifest into a more positive life. Giovinazzo likened the process to a thorough cleansing of the mind, much like an attentive person would do with

6 Arts & Culture
Guelph Artisans Store relocates within Quebec St. Mall, still a great way to support local artists
due to space requirements of the Quebec St. Mall. The summer was spent investigating potential sites around the city when, fortunately, a new space became available within the mall. With it’s increased size the new location appears to be an improvement from the old for Guelph Artisans, with triple the showcase space. The store has the capacity to showcase up to seventy artists and artisans at a time, and is currently showcasing approximately fifty. Having work showcased at Guelph Artisans Store has potential benefits to any artist, and luckily the opportunity to showcase is readily available. To be considered for showcasing, artists and artisans may submit a portfolio. If their portfolio is approved they may rent wall or shelf space for three months at a time, and they may also rent space in the front window for one month at a time. Well known in Canadian art is the Group of Seven, a group of painters who based their artistic

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Artists find a new home in an old spot
landscapes off of Canada’s own. A lesser known fact is that Guelph Artisans Store has its own Group of Seven. Theirs is a group of volunteers who manage the store and form the panel that reviews artists’ portfolios.

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KIRSTI JUURAKKO aturday marked the grand opening of Guelph Artisans Store at their new location in Old Quebec Street Mall, which was previously located at another site within the mall. Guelph Artisans Store is a shop operated by the Guelph Creative Arts Association (GCCA), which showcases artists and artisans from Guelph and the surrounding area. The definition of an artist is generally clear to most of us, but what is an artisan? Valerie Beyer, the President of the Board of Directors for the GCCA, describes an artisan as “someone who creates their own artwork.” The new location for Guelph Artisans Store was a lucky find after the owner was told they would need to relocate

“The goal is to be a venue through which artists of all mediums would be able to showcase their work.” Valerie Beyer
Beyer reflects that the goal of Guelph Artisans has always been an inclusive one. “[The goal is] to be a venue [through] which artists of all mediums would be able to showcase their work,” said Beyer. This has certainly been

Pam Duynstee A true artisan at work at the Guelph Artisan Store’s grand opening

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accomplished, and the store provides a central location so that anyone looking for quality local arts or crafts has only a single stop to make. Within Guelph Artisans Store one can find a variety of products ranging from various paintings to stained glass, jewellery, woodwork, clothing, photography and handmade cards. One artist who is showcased in the store is Marlene Jofriet. Jofriet is a painter who mostly paints acrylic on canvas pieces and describes her work as “figurative” and of mostly “urban and rural landscapes.” She paints outside, even in the winter, because it is calming and lets her be in direct contact with what she is painting, so that she can make her painting more real and true. Many of her paintings are of areas around Guelph, especially public buildings downtown and the Church of Our Lady, although she also paints some street scenes and rural landscapes. For the last ten years, Jofriet has described her painting as “painting for me,” saying that she will, “paint what catches my eye.” “I just like painting,” she said. Available for sale in Guelph Artisans

Store by Jofriet are some of her paintings on canvas as well as small cards featuring copies of her paintings, all of which are stunning, and represent a great way to enjoy and support art on a local level. Guelph Artisans Store is the ideal place to shop for a gift, or for decor for your home or dorm, that truly says “Guelph.” It is home to dozens of meaningful, local and genuine pieces of art that can act as personal gifts, or preserve memories of Guelph. There is a huge variety of arts and crafts available in nearly every medium imaginable; all of it is of remarkable quality.

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Arts & Culture

Guelph fantasy series Mind’s Eye launches online
Synn Studios brings local talent together for fantasy TV
career in the film industry at a fast pace. His beginnings were in acting, which gave Gofton the knowledge and experience to start the production company Synn Studios. As President of the company Gofton is able to make his creative ideas come into fruition, which is exactly what he’s done with Mind’s Eye. “When I was younger I used to, embarrassingly, get broken hockey sticks with my buddies and we used to go off into the woods and pretend we were heroes,” Gofton said. From his childhood imaginings the idea materialized into a “short,” and eventually into a pilot that allowed the show to launch. A fantasy element involving the limitless creativity of a child’s imagination allows for infinite possibilities of direction in Mind’s Eye. The first episode of the series introduced many of the characters and gave a taste of what is to come in the series. The amount of work that was undertaken by Gofton and the crew in the process of making this series is very interesting. “When I started getting into filmmaking, the more experienced filmmakers would tell me what to avoid, and all the things I heard to avoid… we didn’t avoid,” said Gofton of the challenging filming process. Gofton was able to make Mind’s Eye a success with the help of many individuals within the film and acting industry. Writer Tom Brown, a fellow graduate from the University of Guelph, shares the directing and producing duties when working on Mind’s Eye. Brown’s ten years of experience in the industry make him a valuable asset to the show. Behind the scenes there are many persons who use their particular areas of expertise to make Mind’s Eye a success. The series composer Zeeke Hamilton describes himself as a “combination of John Willams and Danny Elfman.” As both an actor and composer for Mind’s Eye, Hamilton uses his musical talents to set the mood and atmosphere for the show. Vince Moskowec is the production designer, and also worked on the hit film Assault on Precinct 13. There are many more contributors to Mind’s Eye that have brought years of special experience to this production, as well as those whose moral support was enough to keep the gears in motion. “The city of Guelph was very helpful… the team, the parents… [and] a lot of luck. Whatever denomination of faith is out there, there was definitely some belief in that,” said Gofton. Perhaps one of the most interesting additions to the crew of Mind’s Eye were the young actors. Andrew Ellis, Nik MacMillian, Lily O’Coin, Jodre Datu, Aidan

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OLIVER DZUBA any University of Guelph graduates have gone on to do great things within the creative community. Thomas Gofton, the imaginative mind behind local company Synn Studios and former student of the University is no exception, showcasing his talents with the new web series Mind’s Eye. The 26 episode season premiered on the internet last Friday, Nov. 26 and will continue until spring of 2011. Shown both on the show’s homepage and YouTube, Mind’s Eye showcases the talent and experience of many local actors at no charge. This large cast and crew from a variety of backgrounds have made an intriguing first episode that has set the tone for an exciting new series. “Of the four key individuals who were part of the shoot, three of them were Guelph alumni, all in the same year,” said Gofton, remarking on the show’s very local appeal. As creator, director and producer of Mind’s Eye, Gofton brings a wealth of experience to the set. A psychology and linguistics major in his time at the university, Gofton has been developing his

Mind’s Eye (From left) Actor’s Zeeke Hamilton and Nathan Fryer star in new online series Mind’s Eye, produced mostly by Guelph grads Harris and Nathan Fryer have all accomplished a great deal with their participation in this series. These six adolescents show great potential in their acting careers from the looks of their performances in Mind’s Eye. These talented young actors have all been involved in the arts, many having been awarded for their achievements in the industry. The fantasy-based setting of this web series is as intriguing as it is mysterious. The premiere episode introduced an interesting plot, and concluded with many questions. The 10 minute long episode of this web series was exciting enough to encourage regular viewing, displaying the talents held by many individuals from our own backyard.

International talent in the Bullring
Peter Katz and others perform at the Bullring
JIHEE PARK oronto-based singer and songwriter Peter Katz knows how to capture the audience through his soulful voice and harmonious music. His uncanny ability to stimulate emotion through his songs has garnered him national attention, and landed him the CBC Galaxie Rising Star Award. He has performed across the country and in Europe, doing shows in France, Germany, Italy and other countries as well. Guelph was one of the stops on his tour across Canada, where he took the stage at the Bullring last Friday night for an evening of great music and real talent. The evening at the Bullring highlighted many features of his new album. Hearing the music live was quite distinctive, and his vocals and guitar shone through in a quality unlike the recordings. The performance included tracks from his album First of the Last to Know, which reflected his many personal influences, including included these songs and others, mixing messages both of sorrow and hope to give an overall effect of emotional indulgence that left the audience wanting more. In regards to the Rising Star Award, Katz is unduly modest. His words speak to the humble nature and unassuming attitude he has toward his work as an artist. “It doesn’t feel like that inside,” Katz said regarding the award. “It definitely has allowed me to be taken more seriously as an artist, however my day-to-day life is the same.” Being a Rising Star may sound nice, but he does not believe that such labels maintain his reputation as an artist. “The words are nice, but I feel that my career is not affected,” said Katz. No doubt this principle has allowed him to develop true talent and unconditional devotion to the integrity of his work. First of the Last to Know is Katz’s first step into the industry as a solo artist. Working with long time friend and partner in the business Rob Szabo, his long-anticipated album was released this year. The focus of this album was to bring out his voice and guitar, aspects that were captured well in every song from the latest release. In regards to working as a solo artist for the first time, Katz felt it was a great experience. “A lot of people are still involved in the album. It was nice to trust Rob and let him bring in others to work with,” he said. Katz also let on that his latest album was only made possible through his experiences from previous albums, asserting that he could not have released the same material until personal development allowed it. “You have to take steps to get to it. I would not have been able to write this album five years ago,” said Katz. Although he has made his debut, he believes that the selfimprovement is a constant in the industry. “I still have a lot of work to do,” he said. It’s been a long six weeks for Katz and crew, who will be returning home to Toronto after the final stops of their national tour in St. Catharines, Waterloo, London and Fergus. Katz will be performing abroad in the coming months, with a tour of the Netherlands beginning in February.

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Courtesy Peter Katz visited the Bullring last week to deliver his soulful voice to a packed house Oliver’s Tune, a song inspired by Canadian fiddle player Oliver Schroer, who passed away from leukemia. Katz’s sorrowful song The Fence was written in memoriam of the Matthew Shepard incident in Wyoming, the case of a student who, due to his identification as homosexual, was tied to a fence and left to die. The performance

8 Arts & Culture
This week, Zavitz gallery hosts its second consecutive mixed discipline group show
KOSTA GLIGORIJEVIC fter tumultuous months of moving from space to space, bad drafts, drilling noises and falling in and out with the administration and construction crews, Guelph’s specialized studio artists are ready to show their work. Among the group of seventeen fine arts seniors are seven painters, five photographers and one installation artist. In addition, two artists pursue drawing and one video. The remaining members lean toward multi-disciplinary and multimedia projects, adding another layer to the already manifold painting and photography collections. Charlotte Hodgson’s whimsical paper cutouts and Danica Evering’s miniature sculpture attract immediate attention. Both works share hallmarks of the crafts: Danica’s Lilliputian household objects are made of colourful polymer clay, while Charlotte’s catheads-on-people’s-bodies cutouts are reminiscent of greeting cards. The humour is undeniable and even redemptive of the rather solemn tendencies of some contemporary art. Along with David Graham’s video piece and Omar Elkharadly’s brilliant installation, these works amplify the show’s already plentiful variety. Omar’s projection focuses on the paradoxical role of light to visual arts, and particularly photography. The work consequently possesses an aphorismic quality, appearing both uncompromisingly concrete and supernatural. Three of the painters are making return visits to Zavitz gallery: Rachel Vanderzwet again pursues the precarious balance between abstraction and representation in her luxurious work; Bailey Govier echoes her white-on-white house paint project from earlier this semester; while Monte Burman, last week’s hit sculptor, enters a still-wet portrait of Zoe Deschanel. Bailey’s new work is consistent with her visually and substantially elusive architectural wall painting, but with much more pronounced colour and direction of brush stroke. It is at the same time sensual, intuitively appealing, and conceptually resistant. In a similar vein, Stephanie Deumer’s immaculately white work proves both puzzling and captivating. Stephanie forms her paintings by fusing layers of dried paint onto canvas. The resulting surface is protrusive and almost sculptural, evocative of sedimented

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PISO MOJADO: Specialized Studio’s Eclectic like a Bomb Exhibition
organic matter and rudimentary life forms. The show reveals subtle and striking interplays between specialized students, including stylistic and thematic groups. The connections are symptomatic not only of the artists’ common conversation within contemporary art, but also to the generational camaraderie that seems to emerge in the studio. All in all, however, PISO MOJADO glows with overtly individualist emerging artist flair. The group’s work is at once assertive and tenuous, realized but also promising further growth. The maturing artist, as some participants remarked, is like the narrator of T.S. Eliot’s canonical poem The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock, who oscillates between ambivalence and mad determination. Just like Prufrock, young artists are engaged in the continual back-and-forth between the will to act, illuminate and create, and all of creativity’s attendant apprehensions. In this sense, Eliot’s ‘do I dare disturb the universe’ is the most representative question of the specialized group and emerging artists everywhere. The quality of the works included in Estudio Especializado: PISO MOJADO is a product not only of the students’ continued efforts,

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Pam Duynstee Another group exhibit tops off this semester’s fantastic display of on campus art, Thursday at 5:30. but also of professor Will Gorlitz’s guidance and sheer determination in the face of administrative and practical mores. Next semester, the class comes under the tutelage of sculpture professor James Carl, and we are anxious to see more work by the art’s newest. To see the work, visit Zavitz gallery from Tuesday to Friday, with reception on Thursday at 5:30 pm. Samantha Ackerley, Monte Burman, Stephanie Deumer, Omar Elkharadly, Danica Evering, Dan Frawley, Midori Fullerton, Bailey Govier, David Graham, Charlotte Hodgson, Dara Mussar, Maliha Qureshi, Ashley Schirripa, Haley Uyeda, Rachel Vanderzwet, Sarah Walterhouse, Jennifer Weber

Jukebox
OLIVER DZUBA he hubristic character of Kanye West over the past five years hasn’t brought the Chicago native much more than public infamy and embarrassment. Apparently unaware of how to practise humility, or even knowing what it means for that matter, is this man’s simultaneous greatest strength and weakness. Fortunately, it’s the former that has presented itself in West’s latest album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. His arrogance can be too much to stand for anyone, and listening to why Kanye West is better than you and everyone else is beyond annoying. Not only because it’s unreserved showmanship, but also because we are hard pressed to say that he is wrong. This arrogance is regrettably nearly justified with his music on My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. Simply listening to the production on this album, it is impossible to deny the dynamic richness of Kanye West’s musical ingenuity. A perfect integration of samples ranging from Black Sabbath to Rick James adds to the quality, that seems could only be topped by itself. The production alone makes My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy

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Kanye West, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy

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a perfect album, and I haven’t even mentioned the lyrics yet. The ability to eloquently convey all the highs and lows of his life into a song is only the start of why Kanye West is considered among the best in the world. A mirror image of who Kanye West is, the life he leads and the struggles of his past are what the lyrical content of which My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy is comprised. And it’s this idea that makes the album great. The effects of his rise to stardom and the acknowledgment of his musical capabilities are reflected in songs like ‘So Appalled’ and ‘Monster’. Just how ludicrous life can be in the spotlight is something most of us will never know, but Kanye West giving us his personal account can help us understand why this rapper behaves so strangely. For any humility Kanye West lacks he makes up for with complete honesty. As we know he is sure to let everyone know how great he is, but Kanye also doesn’t attempt to fabricate the truth about the low points in his life. ‘Runaway’ and ‘Blame Game’ show Kanye’s willingness to admit his life isn’t perfect, and that he too is capable of feeling emotions like heartbreak

Courtesy and disappointment. This selfexpression lets us know that Kanye West can be a failure too, no matter how good he is, but it is not for this purpose. It is both the manifest and latent emotions of his life that come up on My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, as if it were almost a summation of his human experience up until this point. His failures, along with his successes, are the palette he uses to paint a canvas that is his music, held up by the easel that is his production. And it seems as if he were painting the Mona Lisa when creating an album that should be considered the masterpiece of his musical career. This genuine and very human approach is the pinnacle of the greatness that is My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. Again, even if you have let the foolishness of Kanye West’s antics get the best of you, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy deserves every praise it receives, and is unquestionably the best album of 2010. Rating 5/5…Can [it] get much higher? So high.

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9

Arts & Culture

Schmooze with local artists at Schmoozefest
SAMANTHA SMITHMOSKAL ith exams coming up quickly, students are always looking ahead to find new ways to procrastinate, or just take a study break. Luckily for us, Guelph is always giving us ways to do so. Next Tuesday on Dec. 7, the Guelph Arts Council will oblige your tendency for study avoidance by hosting Schmoozefest; an event they hold three times a year. This event in particular is special because of the added festive feel it achieves by being held at the

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River Run Centre, which has the festival of trees going on at the same time. “It’s a great opportunity for anyone in the art community to get the word out about themselves, their projects, or their exhibitions” said Anne Purkis, one of the organizers of Schmoozefest. Although the event is geared towards artistic folk, it is open to anyone interested. Artists, those who enjoy art, and of course those students looking for any reason to put their books away are invited to come carouse the many

different displays and exhibits from local talents. The event acts as a forum for artists to show their work and “schmooze” as the title implies, by socializing with other artists and building their social network. There are some artists who will get “spotlights” short two-minute presentations that are heard by all who attend, and this includes the GAC’s presentation of their 2010 Guelph Arts Council Youth Opportunities Award. “We are expecting anywhere from fifty to seventy people, but we would be thrilled if more

people came,” said Purkis. Since the event tends to draw more on local people, university students with an interest in art will be a very welcome presence. What the GAC really wants from this event is a forum for Guelph’s art community, a way for them to network with each other, a way of getting art out in the city, as well as drawing a heritage component. The GAC also hosts this event on a zero budget; yet somehow still manage to make it quite successful. As students this should sound familiar, since having with no money is such a

common thing. This alone makes Schmoozefest an event worth attending. This event promises to be a lot of fun, and offers great opportunities for just about anyone. It will include a 50/50 draw, plenty of food, and of course free admission. The GAC also uses this event to promote their biggest fundraiser of the year; the Fête Romantique. If you’re in the mood to rub elbows, meet some great artists, and witness some beautiful art, Schmoozefest is where you should be.

Virtual vs. reality: why people choose gaming
Do video games have any benefit to our lives?
JOSH DOYLE riving a car, shooting at opposing forces, playing the guitar…golfing. There aren’t a lot of activities in the world you can’t do in a video game. As technology advances and graphics become clearer, we develop more games to play that replicate the real thing with increased precision. The more realistic video games become the more we are drawn to them, which raises some important questions, the first probably being why do we bother? Why do we play a video game version of an activity we can do in real life? And furthermore, what are video games doing for us? For Josh Durette, a former U of G student and Guitar Hero enthusiast, there are several answers to these questions. “I really enjoy music and video games, so a combination of the two seemed to draw my attention at first,” Durette said of his initial attraction to Guitar Hero. “To be able to play along with some of my favorite artists and songs was also what drew me.” This probably sounds attractive to anyone; how could you not want to rock out with the artists you grew up with, making the same sounds they did and seemingly keeping up to their skills? Of course, you can’t play guitar hero at a live venue. A definite benefit for a game like Guitar Hero would be if it drew players to an interest in the actual instrument, and Josh claimed that this feeling did arise in him. “Guitar Hero definitely makes you appreciate the instrument a lot more. I like the idea of being able to re-create some of those songs that I like without needing a video game to help,” he said. Unfortunately due to the constraints of life, his desire did not materialize. “Given my situation with working two jobs and finishing up school I really don’t have time, nor the money to invest in buying a guitar, taking lessons, and practicing at home.” Durette raises a valid point about time restraints that we can probably all relate to. With school and work it becomes difficult for an adult to pick up something as involved as the guitar. It’s much easier to play Guitar Hero, which takes only a fraction of the time to play well, and still provides hours of fun fire necessary to help them professionally. Whether this is true or not, many gamers don’t see it this way. “The only way it really effects my life is just enrichment in socialization, playing with my friends. I don’t think they benefit our lives in any real way other than providing entertainment,” said Stewart. It seems the average gamer does not carry over their skills from video games into the real world, at least not consciously. You can see this as a tragedy, but perhaps that’s just the wrong way of looking at video games. More than anything the video games of today seem to inspire the same kind of competition and social enjoyment that any improvised game or sport might, and the players care little about what it means aside from having fun. To judge this notion alone would be criminal, and attempting to turn everything into a skill we can apply to career development just feels hollow. Good clean fun will never go out of style, and video games seem to be providing that. There are some obvious drawbacks, like a low exposure to sunlight and an unfortunate amount of exercise, but at least minds are at work. My only worry is that the next Jimmy Page is out there somewhere in suburban America, not a guitar in sight, punching plastic buttons instead of writing the next song of a generation… And that’s an outrage no guitar hero could save us from.

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“The only way it really effects my life is just enrichment in socialization, playing with my friends.” Colin Stewart
for individuals and groups. Fun as it is, it seems unfortunate that Guitar Hero, with its comparably instant gratification, might actually result in less real guitar players. For other games however, shooting games like Call of Duty (COD) that have a less desirable real world application, it’s preferable that the expression be confined to the TV screen. But even this game seems to have little to do with a real life desire to perform the task, and more to

Sam Dewaele do with the act of playing. “It’s very competitive. The reward for anyone is leveling up your character, improving your personal status. If one of my friends starts to beat my score, that’s when it becomes more competitive,” said Colin Stewart, an avid COD player. When asked if he had any desire to join the army or to shoot anything in real life Stewart was put off, denying any inclination to real life gun violence. He insisted that playing games like COD has everything to do with having fun with your friends in a competitive manner, and little to do with transferring those skills to real life. Yet it’s hard not to think of the skills people use in video games and how they can be used for their professional benefit. The competitive nature and the desire for a higher personal status than your friends sounds eerily similar to the business world, and one might think those who do well at a game like COD could have the determination and competitive

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What are you reading?
This book is usually recommended as a Bukowski starter. And admittedly it is my first encounter with the author’s poetry. I’m a late-in-life poetry reader. Sifting through the madness searching for the word, the line, the way is a posthumous publication of Bukowski’s mostly autobiographical poems. Henry “Hank” Chinasky is an alter ego and autobiographical protagonist of Bukowski’s novels and poems. I envision Hank as a Tyler Durden prototype of sorts, a hungry scrapper with nothing to lose. Hank is an underdog, a bar fighter, a drinker, and I can’t help but want to root for him. In Sifting through the madness Buk reminisces and laments about being a young starving writer, aging, as well as winning and losing money at the horse track. He has a distinguished appreciation for and extensive knowledge of classical music and America’s favorite pastime, baseball. He is very frank, crass, and sometimes raunchy. He is an alcoholic, self-loathing, gambling addict; a real anti-hero. The title, Sifting through the madness, encapsulates the many themes that Bukowski covers in this anthology. It becomes the reader’s duty to find the word, the line, the way. That is to say, to sift through all of Buk’s madness to find those poems that connect with them on an individual level. If you are having trouble drawing any connections at all between Buk’s alcohol-fueled, prostitute-driven, gritty lifestyle and your own, try to just enjoy his humour. Bukowski was a lot of things, but the one enjoyment that I think anyone can take out of his poetry is pure amusement.

Charles Bukowski Sifting through the madness searching for the word, the line, the way
CHRIS HAMELIN Bukowski is one of the most recognizable names in contemporary American poetry, probably so popular because his poems are so easy to read. Buk’s style (as he’s affectionately known) has been described by critics as pedestrian, which was the initial attraction for me, not being a Lit Major or having studied poetry. Bukowski’s poems are very accessible for even the unfamiliar reader. He uses strong, simple language, raw pessimistic tone and blunt honesty to describe everything from feeding his cats to the state of morality in modern America.

Courtesy

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Dec. 2 - 8, 2010

Sports & Health
Never fear, new intramurals are here
Dome shutdown doesn’t bother U of G intramurals
current participants about the dome closure.” Intramural Sports Coordinator, Dustin McCrank has seen students come into the office and become shocked when they hear of the dome closure. “Soccer and ultimate frisbee actually, teams coming in, full soccer teams, wanting to sign up and not even realizing that the dome had been closed at all. Some students are definitely not aware.” But fear not faithful intramural players and team members, the University of Guelph intramural office has filled the void left by the dome closure. The office has been creative in their approach to make up for the loss of flag football, frisbee and soccer. “We’re actually going to do a snow flag football league instead and do that on Varsity Field,” said Trudelle. “For ultimate frisbee and soccer what we’re going to do is try to do an outdoor tournament in March. Still give people an opportunity to play those two sports.” Even though the dome is closed, no sport will disappear. Students can play in all of the intramural sports; it might just be at a different time. Students can still sign up for next semester. “They can sign up now online, or our next in-person registration starts January 10,” said Trudelle. If the dome closure has discouraged you from being able to play your chosen sport, go out and try something new. “What we’re encouraging people to do is say ‘Hey why don’t you try a sport you never thought of before,’” said Trudelle. “We have fun leagues and you can go out and try and get active.” Student soccer enthusiasts have been asking why can’t the soccer league be run in the main gym of the Athletic Centre. “It’s just simply time and

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JUSTIN DUNK or any students that didn’t know, the Gryphon dome has been shutdown for the academic year. In terms of the closure affecting intramural sports, the impact could be minimal. “The three sports that were primarily affected by it [the dome closure] were flag football, ultimate frisbee and soccer,” said Supervisor of Intramurals, Dave Trudelle. Trudelle understands the disappointment of the students who have shown up to the intramural office and find out they cannot play their chosen sport next semester. “It’s definitely disappointing for those people who were looking to play. Not everyone knew,” said Trudelle. “We tried to communicate it to all of our

space. To try and even run any kind of soccer league in the gym wouldn’t be fair, said McCrank. “It would be very, very limited teams. Athletics has opened a rec spot for them, there will be gym soccer from a recreation standpoint.” Don’t let the dome closure get you down, head out with your friends, try something new and stay active.

Courtesy One of the new sports available to play through intramurals in the winter semester, snow flag football.

Changes in our own backyard
Say it with us now: climate change, climate change, climate change… There are those among us who are suffering from what could best be described as ‘climate changefatigue,’ otherwise known as a sensation of boredom, ambivalence, or sheer exhaustion every time the two words are uttered side by side. For these individuals, climate change has had plenty of time in the spotlight, and it now seems like an appropriate time to bow down from its once rhythmic tap-dance routine of warning the world, and give others the chance to showcase a jive that at least changes the familiar tune from projected chaos and apathetic tendencies to something a little more pleasant, a little bit more progressive to listen to. After all, it’s not an unusual feeling to be tired of the usual hums and whistles that absorb media headlines and political kerfuffle. However, judging from what’s happening in the world, including our own country, climate change is already here. For some of us, climate change is little more than a news headline, a lecture topic, or a political debate, but for others, climate change is threatening economies and livelihoods. Unfortunately it doesn’t look like climate change will be packing up and moving out any time soon so let’s talk about it, again. has implications for food security and hunter safety. There have been more extreme storm events including rainstorms with thunder and lightning. This is particularly worrisome for Inuit hunters whose lives can be endangered if they are caught in a sudden rainstorm during a time of year when they expect freezing temperatures and snow. There have also been changes in the health and distribution of some wildlife important for subsistence. Caribou populations, for example, have been negatively affected by freeze-thaw events, which affects their ability to access food. Fewer caribou means less food for the community.” Pearce continues to describe how climate change is impacting Inuit livelihoods and how Inuit are adapting. it was taken from us. Inuit hunters are experiencing increased hazards, travel routes on the land and ice have been compromised, and the health and availability of wildlife important for subsistence has been affected. Inuit, however, are extremely adaptable and already hunters are using boats to access hunting areas when the sea ice has not formed, are switching species harvested and are taking extra precautions such as traveling with a satellite phone and GPS to avoid hazards. Despite even the most aggressive greenhouse gas reduction efforts, some level of climate change is imminent and adaptation is and will continue to be an important response. ” This problem may be hard to

The world...and Canada are lagging behind
Beyond the Arctic, climate change has led to a variety of shifts and challenges throughout the world. Glaciers are melting at a rapid rate; instances of extreme weather events are increasing; changes in the chemistry and biology of the ocean are well documented; farmers are struggling with more frequent droughts, extreme rain events and less fruitful harvests; and the very existence of some Island states is threatened by sea level rise. In particular, resource-based communities and Indigenous populations globally are dealing with the negative affects of climate change due to their strong reliance on the environment. We know that these changes are happening, as do the world’s political leaders. Currently, representatives from 200 countries are gathering in Cancun, Mexico, from Nov. 29 until Dec. 10 for the United Nations Climate Change Conference. Global congregations over climate change began over a decade ago when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, an international treaty, was joined by dozens of countries. In an embarrassing three-peat, Canada has already received the ‘Fossil of the Day Award’ in Cancun. This designation is decided by 400 international organizations and awarded to the country that has done the most to disrupt or undermine the UN climate negotiations. Not surprisingly, Canada’s global reputation with respect to climate change is considerably poor. Dr. Barry Smit, Geography Professor and Canada Research Chair in Global Environmental Change, provided a brief summary of Canadian policies on climate change, which he finds to be consistently disappointing. “The previous government, the Liberal government…made commitments on behalf of Canada and then was either unwilling or unable to implement anything in Canada so our emissions, instead of going down five per cent have gone up nearly 30 per cent,” said

A glimpse into our thawing land
The Canadian Arctic, a huge area of land and water that covers parts of eight provinces and territories, is a global hotspot for climate change. Over the past 50 years, surface air temperatures in the Arctic have warmed at more than twice the global rate. Some scientists project that we could witness an ice-free Arctic Ocean as early as 2015 with implications for ocean processes, wildlife, shipping, and Inuit livelihoods. Changes in sea ice is but one of several changes that are already affecting Arctic communities. Tristan Pearce, Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Geography, has worked for the past six years in the Inuit community, Ulukhaktok, which is located in the western Canadian Arctic. His research focuses on documenting the human dimensions of climate change; how environmental changes are translating to affect Inuit livelihoods and how Inuit are adapting. Pearce describes overall changes happening throughout the Arctic. “One of the changes that people are most familiar with is that the sea ice is melting at a phenomenal rate…Inuit are witnessing more variable winter temperatures and it is taking longer for sea-ice to freeze-up and become stable to travel over. The sea ice is important to Inuit for hunting and traveling and late and incomplete freeze-up

Tristan Pearce Inuit hunters in Ulukhaktok are taking extra precautions when traveling, including traveling with extra fuel and supplies and carrying VHF radios and GPS, to avoid and/or be prepared to cope with emerging risks. “Ulukhaktok is one of the smaller, more traditional communities in the western Canadian Arctic,” said Pearce. “As a result, subsistence hunting and fishing continue to be important to most households for food and income…Climate change has significant consequences for the subsistence hunting sector. When you consider the physical changes that we discussed like changes in sea ice, storm events, timing of break up, changes in the health and distribution of wildlife, those all translate to affect subsistence. It is as if the highway [sea ice] that we travel to work and school over melted away, our grocery stores were empty, and the way of life as we know relate to. Most of us who grew up shopping at grocery stores have never experienced the need to hunt in order to feed ourselves and are somewhat removed from the food we eat. Pearce shares a quote from a community elder, Jimmy Memorana, who has since passed away. His words show how hunting is an important aspect of Inuit culture and the community’s well being. “When people want to travel and weather patterns change like this, it affects their emotions, their mentality. They live on country food. It is good for their soul and to spend time with family members.”

Smit. “The current government said, ‘Look we can’t meet that, in fact we don’t have the stomach to even try so we’re going to declare we’re not going to do it. So we’re basically going to tell the world that we’re going to be delinquent,’ which in some ways is more honest than the previous lot, but this one seems to have no interest in addressing it in any way other than to do whatever the US will do, and that’s an easy one because with the Republican majority now it’s unlikely that the US will take any action at all. So that’s like associating ourselves with the lowest possible denominator.” Canada’s inaction on a global stage is particularly troubling, as the issue of climate change is inherently a global problem. “If one country stops emitting gasses, and all the other countries continue, there’s no effect. We call it the ‘global common’... Unless countries agree, everyone then suffers. It’s strange to me that we are able to agree on some things. For example, there’s a World Trade Organization. Countries give up some of their sovereignty in order to abide by a set of rules that everyone agrees to. It would seem that that principle should be applied to the international interest in climate and the environmental and economic consequences of climate change. This government has effectively said, ‘We’re not going to do anything because it’s our belief that it harms the economy.’ What they probably mean is that it harms a particular sector of the economy which happens to be their political base,” said Smit. For someone who engages with the topic of climate change day in and day out, Smit sees beyond the political rhetoric that aims to convince the public that acting on climate change is simply not worth the economic consequences. “Here in Canada, I’m sorry to say, we’re way behind the times. We’re clinging onto our fossil fuel industry and we are not benefiting from the new economy that comes with it. So the argument that ‘Oh addressing climate change, an environmental issue is damaging to the economy,’ is nonsense. They’re not separate things. If you don’t address climate change, you will damage the economy. It’s already

happening, and if you do address climate change, you can actually grow your economy on alternative energy sources and that’s amply demonstrated elsewhere. It’s whether or not you have the courage to take some initiative or are you going to be a lagger?”

A local uprising
Some U of G students have chosen not to be left behind in the climate change negotiations. As a response to a recent blow in Canadian climate change policy, 16 U of G students and one faculty member participated in a ‘strip mob’ event, where the participants overhauled the cafeteria and stripped down to their underwear, capturing the attention of those around them. After the strip, the participants picked up signs depicting messages about climate change and went around the school with them. The strip mob event has gained wide publicity in Canadian media due to its ferocity in raising awareness about climate change and the defeat of Bill C-311. Bill C-311, a legislate revolving around policy changes to decrease Canada’s contribution towards human-induced climate change, was defeated by the Senate just before the United Nations Climate Change Conference, causing outrage by opposing parties. Prime Minister Stephen Harper supported the move by the Senate, stating he felt the bill was irresponsible and would have negatively affected the economy. As a result, Canada has arrived to the conference in Cancun empty handed. While the defeat of this bill was relatively quiet in the media due to the rapidity of its elimination, the consequences of this loss did not fall on deaf ears. Brenda Whiteside, Associate Vice-President of Student Affairs at the U of G, was the faculty member who participated in the strip mob and spoke about why the event was so effective. “I think all manner of protest can be effective, and it is a combination of approaches that work,” said Whiteside. “I think this is effective

because the approach gets people to watch, but then the message is there.” Fifth-year International Development student, Hilary Coburn, was one of the 16 students who participated in the strip mob and feels her inspiration for partaking in the event came from her passion about climate change and her disgust over Bill C-311 being defeated. “I am embarrassed, outraged and saddened by the fact that Bill C-311 wasn’t even debated in the Senate before it was shot down,” said Coburn. “Our government claims to be democratic, however, if they can’t listen to the majority of citizens that acknowledged and agreed with this important bill, then we aren’t truly living in a democratic society.” Raising awareness of climate change, and the apparent

ineffective way the government is handling this global crisis, was the ultimate goal of the strip mob. While Coburn admits that there is a general apathy towards the subject, she also believes that there are people who care. “I do believe that many students care about the implications of our greenhouse gas consumption on our planet’s environment and our future generations,” said Coburn. “It’s our duty to step up and put pressure on our government to take serious action.” As you may have noticed, this article was not written for naysayers. Nor will it appease those who remain largely skeptical of the climate change phenomenon. Rather, it was meant to gather some perspectives from within the boundaries of Canada on an issue that is both locally

and globally relevant. With the negotiations currently taking place in Mexico and the issue of climate change being on the forefront of the media’s agenda, Coburn has pleaded with the public. “Please be the integral part of this movement; every single letter and voice of concern makes a difference.” Whether in this very moment you feel compelled to act on climate change or not, now is a good point in time to decide for yourself what exactly it is that you believe. Review the science. Understand the policy decisions. Ask around. Journey outside and consult with Mother Nature herself. Just don’t forget to recognize the vast and diverse lands that comprise our country, and be sure to talk to communities both near and afar. You might just find yourself learning something new.

Students at U of G participate in a strip mob to express their frustrations over the dismantling of Bill C-311 by the Senate.

Hayley Mullen Hayley Mullen

Kelsey Rideout and Rachel Scapillati

14 Sports & Health
Continuity key for men’s volleyball new look
JUSTIN DUNK inning always makes life better, it can put pep in your step, make food more flavourful and brighten up a dreary winter day. The U of G men’s volleyball team grabbed two key wins heading into the semester break. “Both York and Ryerson had the potential to be threats if you take them lightly,” said third-year Gryphon right side hitter, Winston Rosser. The Gryphons beat York three sets to one on Friday, Nov. 26 and defeated the Ryerson Rams on Saturday, Nov. 27 by a three set to one margin. “Anytime that you can build momentum going into the new year and keep everyone else off your back it’s absolutely huge,” said Gryphons head coach, Cal Wigston. Grabbing two-road wins over the weekend allowed the Gryphons to be seated solidly in fourth place in the OUA standings heading into the second part of the season. Guelph has put up an impressive 7-3 record in the first part of the season, playing particularly well on home court with a 4-1 record at the W.F. Mitchell Athletic Centre. “We get lots of great fan support,” said Wigston. “It’s a unique gym, but it’s one that is very cool to play in.” Guelph’s only home loss came against Queen’s in a tough five set match that the Gryphons believe they should of come out on top. “We should have won,” said Wigston. “We did have [Queen’s] where we wanted them and we just couldn’t finish.” The only teams above Guelph in the OUA are the same schools the Gryphons have lost to this season. Queen’s sits in

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Gryphons surge heading into Christmas break

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third, McMaster is second and ranked tenth in the CIS, while Western is undefeated atop the conference standings and is ranked fifth in the country. Guelph lost to the Marauders and Mustangs on the road, but none-the-less the Gryphons will have to compete better against the top schools if the team has hopes of returning to the OUA finals. “By the time we get [McMaster] back into our gym and Western back into our gym I think they’ll see a different team,” said Wigston. Losing guys like Gabriel deGroot, Jonathan Whitton and Andrew Bartrum to graduation has caused some growing pains this year. The Gryphons have four new players in starting roles and the continuity of the new look Guelph side has yet to see it’s best days. “Four new guys out on the floor is a big deal,” said Wigston. “We’ll have that time [over the break] to have gelled together and really piece together.” Rosser has stepped up to provide the Gryphons with a big offensive burst. The powerful gryphon hitter ranks third in the country in points with 165 through 10 regular season games. “For me to be able to get the kind of points I do, I need help from my boys on the court,” said Rosser. “Riley [McAlister], who’s our setter, has been doing a fantastic job setting, he is running our offence really effectively. He is getting guys the ball when and where they need it.”

Big Gryphons hitter, Winston Rosser, prepares to unload a kill at a Guelph home match earlier this season. Rashaad Bhamjee

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Sports & Health

Guelph gets a taste of Kane
New Gryphon talks about coming to Guelph after playing division one basketball in the United States
JAMES NAPIER hat would it take for you to give up free rent and tuition for an entire year? For most students it would be a dream come true but for Chelsea Kane, neither was worth the opportunity to come play basketball here at Guelph. Guelph approached the 5’9 point guard straight out of high school, but Kane decided to accept a full scholarship to go play for the University of Toledo in Ohio. She then transferred to the University of Vermont and red shirted for a year before deciding to come back to play in Canada. Kane said she’s lucky to have ended up in Guelph. “Out of all the teams I’ve played on this is the closest one. There’s no big egos and everybody’s in it to win. We still haven’t even scratched the surface to where we’re gonna be.” The main reason Chelsea decided to give up a full scholarship and don the red, black and gold was so that she’d have the chance to make a difference on her team. “I just wanted to go somewhere that I was going to have a bigger impact, and hopefully help a team get better.” At Vermont, Kane was behind a US national team player who could very well end up in the WNBA. What she saw in Guelph was the opportunity to get more time out on the floor to really help a team out where they needed it. And few teams needed her more than Guelph who struggled last season to bring in any wins at all. This season the team has completely turned around going 5-3 after this weekends’ double header and winning every home game so far. Despite what you might think, Kane said there’s hardly any transition at all going from American to Canadian basketball. “Honestly, Canadian basketball has gotten to a point where it’s really similar to division one basketball. I’d say the only difference is just size, down there it’s a lot bigger and more physical.” As the team goes on a break for the month of December, Kane said they’re going to be focusing on improving their defence, forcing those key stops and turnovers and letting the offense flow from those opportunities. As for herself, Kane wants to move her shot up to the next level from mid to three point range, while also learning to pull up and take those shots when she has the chance. “It’s hard when you’re the point guard to distinguish between should I set up the offense or should I just go so I do need to start looking for myself more instead of having just a pass first mentality.” What Kane and head coach, Tom O’Brien agree on is that both her and the team haven’t gotten to where they can be yet. “She’s still getting the rust off since she hasn’t played for a while now,” said O’Brien. “So I don’t think she’s hit her potential.” O’Brien, who just started his first season here at Guelph, said that they were hoping to get Chelsea last year so it’s a relief to finally have her on the team. “We’re lucky to have her, plus she’s still got three more years to go.” First-year Gryphon Chelsea Kane has provided leadership on the floor from the point guard spot. Rashaad Bhamjee

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Throwing it down with Dunk: How student dollars are being spent
for the tender. However, student money is funding a piece of the project, so shouldn’t students have some right to know? Well here is a brief overview of a few facts that might wet your appetite. Polytan, a German-based company, which manufactures their brand of synthetic surface won the bid and is distributed in Canada by Centaur Products. The field installed at the University of Guelph cost somewhere between 850,00 and one million dollars. The committee and athletic department believed they were putting in the best possible surface available. For that kind of money I sure hope the surface was well worth it. One of the other bids for the tender to install the surface at Varsity Field was a Canadian company called FieldTurf. The FieldTurf price to install Varsity Field was between 600,00 and 650,00, at least 200,00 dollars less than Centaur’s bid. The U of G is also requesting that Polytan installs two more synthetic fields, on campus, without going through the proper tendering process. Which could mean an extra 4-500,000 being spent on the Polytan product, of course part of that money will be coming from the students. FieldTurf has over 60 per cent of the world market share when it comes to installing synthetic surfaces. Field Turf has installed over 4000 surfaces worldwide. Polytan has installed around 300. FieldTurf has installed their brand of turf in 24 NFL stadiums, three MLS fields, including BMO field in Toronto where the Toronto FC play, and will be installing five CFL fields in the coming year. The FieldTurf company has also installed over 75 NCAA division one fields for many different sports including soccer, baseball, football, rugby, field hockey, lacrosse and intramural sports. FieldTurf has installed their turf in Canadian Universities at: Alberta, Victoria, British Columbia, Simon Fraser, Acadia, Dalhousie, Queen’s, Ottawa, Bishop’s and McGill. FieldTurf was good enough for all of the schools and teams listed, it was also good enough for the company to install their surface at the Rogers Centre in Toronto where the Blue Jays and Argonauts play, but somehow it was not good enough for the University of Guelph and we spent at least 200,00 more on our Varsity Field to boot. I am all for new and improved athletic facilities, but are we really getting the proper bang for our student buck? You be the judge.

JUSTIN DUNK s some students may or may not know, a student referendum was passed in March of 2009 that allowed the University of Guelph to spend 70 million student funded dollars over the next 30 years to fund projects to upgrade the athletic facilities on campus. The installation of four synthetic playing fields were a big part of the new building plans, one field has already been constructed. Varsity Field, Guelph’s first synthetic playing surface was opened in Aug. 2010 and is located right beside East residence. And the story begins. A six-person committee was ultimately responsible for deciding which company would be selected to install the synthetic turf, after a tendering process, for Varsity Field. The tender process prohibits the committee from releasing the quotes and prices to install the surface from the various companies who applied

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16 Sports & Health
Men’s basketball team drops third straight
hold a team to 55 points and there is no way you should ever lose.” Guelph’s inability to play consistently for a full 40 minutes ultimately did the Gryphons in. Intensity and aggressiveness have gone missing at key times during the current three game skid. “Defense comes down to, you have certain principles you put in and then a lot of it’s desire and a lot of it’s pride,” said O’Rourke. “Taking things personal and we haven’t done that consistently at all.” The Gryphons gave up 59 points combined in the third quarter against York and the fourth quarter against Laurentian, which led to Guelph’s undoing in each contest. The two home losses dropped the Gryphons into a tie for last place in the very competitive OUA West division. “We need some leadership to step up number one, we need some guys to get pissed off number two and three, you gotta bring the confidence,” said O’Rourke. “Now we’re in a precarious position where we’re with Mac [McMaster] and Waterloo there and now we gotta climb our way out of it.” You can bet the Gryphons will spend a lot of time standing at the free throw line over the Christmas break. Guelph has averaged less than 61 per cent from the charity

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Gryphons head into break with tail between their legs

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JUSTIN DUNK atchups against teams with losing records should have any team licking their chops. The Gryphons, however, sure had a sour taste left in their mouths after dropping two home games and a third loss in a row overall heading into the Christmas break. The Gryphons dropped a 55-44 decision on Friday, Nov. 26 to the Laurentian Voyageurs and lost on Saturday, Nov. 27, 93-75 to the York University Lions. “Friday night started off well defensively, but offensively we were awful and it just snowballed,” said head coach, Chris O’Rourke. “Saturday night we were just bad defensively and a little better offensively, but had a bad third quarter.” Both home losses can be blamed on one poor quarter in the second half of each game. The Gryphons held Laurentian to 25 points in the first three quarters and took a six point lead into the fourth. “Eventually one of the two teams were going to go on a run in that game,” said O’Rourke. “We had some big break downs and then the momentum got swung to them. You

strip through eight games this season, ranking the Gryphons 40 out of 42 teams in the CIS and third worst in the country. “That’s just mental focus, repetition, practice of shooting free throws,” said fourth-year guard, Jonathan Moscatelli. “It’s no secret about it, it’s just all in your head. Be confident when you step up to the line that we’re going to make them.” Moscatelli was Guelph’s leading scorer heading into the weekend, averaging over 17 points per game. Going three for 17 from the field over the two home games certainly dragged down his per game average and foul trouble had him on the bench for long periods of time, unable to contribute to the Gryphon attack. “It made it hard to get into a rhythm. It became really hard and frustrating,” said Moscatelli. “I think that took me off my game. It was one of those nights for our team, nothing went right.”

Gryphons guard, Jonathan Moscatelli puts up a shot in traffic. Rashaad Bhamjee

Dealing with exam stress
Sticking to your regular schedule
JUSTIN DUNK xam stress is something every student has to deal with. How one handles the tension of exam time is crucial to success. Studying is obviously key to a good mark on your final, but preparing a schedule to ensure proper sleep, eating and down time can improve your exam mark. “Creating a schedule and sticking to it, so giving yourself a chance to relax everyday,” said University of Guelph Health and Performance Centre Naturopath, Jennifer Hillier. “It’s really important to have down time in every single day.” Your body and mind need a treat for sitting down at a desk for hours on end studying. The body needs a chance to relax from the stresses of cramming all that information into your brain. “Whether that down time for you is exercise or it’s reading a good book or watching a movie, there’s got to be at least a small piece of every day that rewards your body for having to sit down and do all that work,’ said Hillier. “Otherwise you get sick or you get

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“It’s so easy to just lose track of time and eat a chocolate bar and a bag of chips.” Jennifer Hillier
of sugar do not count as good sources of energy. Your brain needs healthy food to achieve a high mark, kind of like putting premium fuel into a sports car yields the fastest speed. “Go to the grocery store and get a whole bunch of fruits and vegetables and things that you can throw in the slow cooker and doesn’t take any work for you, but then you have good meals that help to sustain you throughout the exam process,” said Hillier. “It’s so easy to just lose track of time and eat a chocolate bar and a bag of chips.” Attention! The famous ‘all nighter’ is not a good idea during exam time, contrary to what many students want to believe. Cramming and deviating from your normal sleeping pattern is detrimental to your ability to retain information. “It’s really critical to go to bed in your regular time. The

Megan Verhey frustrated or you just can’t handle it and your brain just shuts down.” Another major part of normal life that students tend to leave out during the busy exam time is proper eating habits. Food fuels your body and mind. It takes proper calories to fuel your brain for proper information retention. “It takes a lot more energy to make your brain function in pure memorization mode or creativity mode,” said Hillier. “You want to make sure that you’re working on providing good sources of nutrition.” Cookies, donuts, Joe Louis’s, candy or any other quick sources

more your body sticks to the same schedule, the more regular your brain chemicals, your neurotransmitters, are going to be and the better able you are to think,” said Hillier. Even if you eat well and get consistent sleep during the exam period the stress of the upcoming final can get to each and every student. “When I used to study a lot I would create that ritual before bed time so my brain would calm down,” said Hillier. “Do something that you enjoy that’s something to look forward to all day.” Small breaks in studying throughout the day can also be a good way to ease the stress on the mind. “No longer than an hour should you sit in one place without getting up and doing something, it could be as short as two minutes,” said Hillier. “It’s important to get up and have that break so that your brain doesn’t completely gelatinize in your head.”

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Sports & Culture

Living the pure life: Food of the day!
which raises the non-specific resistance in an organism. Adaptogens enable the body to enhance its power of resistance and adapt to external conditions. They work with the body’s natural rhythms to help rebuild weak immune systems, remineralize poorly nourished bodies, and increase energy and endurance. As an adaptogen, maca works broadly to contribute to overall well being. It nourishes and calms the nerves with calcium, phosphorus, vitamins B1 and B12 and fatty acids, all of which work beneficially on the nervous system.  It stimulates the appetite and aids in digestion with calcium, vitamins B1 and B2, B12 and fatty acids. Its phosphorus is a primary building block in the cell fuels Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and glucose-6-phosphate (G6P).  At the same time it supports the adrenal glands so they don’t have to rely on damaging corticol to fuel the body. Its sterols, calcium and vitamin C help build muscle mass and its starches aid in physical endurance. Its alkaloids help the body assimilate all these nutrients just where they are required. In addition, recent studies of maca also show: Its fibre as well as glucosinolate content show promise in helping combat some cancers. Bio-available calcium, in conjunction with its alkaloids, make it an effective bond builder, thus reducing osteomalacia and rickets. Some of its fatty acids function as fungicides and local antiseptics, which may aid in overall immunity enhancement. Tannins bind and precipitate proteins, which improves the nutritional value of maca. Saponins and terpenoids may aid as a sedative, expectorant, pain reliever, anti-tumoral and analgesic. Effects general and not localized to a specific organ. Normalizing action irrespective of the pathological state.  Maca root is sold as a powder or in capsule form. Mix 1 teaspoon of maca powder into a smoothie, yogurt, or juice.

Maca (pronounced mak-a)

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LEIGH MCSWAN aca, a root that grows high in the mountains of Peru, is recommended for fertility problems, sterility, to improve libido, and menopause. Maca’s amazing libido booster is a result of natural hormone balancing. It also impacts energy, stamina, depression, memory and counters stress. Athletes around the world are acknowledging maca as an energy source. Research shows that maca’s adaptogenic powers help to restore the adrenal glands, boosting energy and endurance. Maca is considered to be a true adaptogen An adaptogen is a substance

Courtesy

Life
Foodstuffs makes cereal milk ice cream
Recipe for cereal milk ice cream
For caramelized cornflakes 10 oz cornflakes 2 oz nonfat dry milk powder 4 tbsp sugar ½ tsp salt ¾ cup of melted, unsalted butter For the ice cream 1 cup heavy cream 1 cup cereal milk ½ cup sugar ¼ tsp salt 1 tsp vanilla extract 4 large egg yolks For the cereal milk 4 cups whole milk (to be added to the cornflakes)

Megan Verhey contents are the sole reason to get out of bed in the morning. For others cereal is not simply a mainstay of breakfast time but is happily consumed for lunch, dinner or snack without much second thought. And by and large, those who know and appreciate their cereals understand the value of the cereal milk that’s left behind in the bowl after the cereal is gone. With certain cereals, the leftover milk can be the best part and with this in mind, I searched for a way to showcase the deliciousness of cereal milk in a whole new way. And then I discovered cereal milk ice cream. The recipe provided is inspired by New York’s Momofuku Milk Bar and uses Cornflake cereal milk.

NICOLE ELSASSER I am notoriously enthusiastic about cereal and I am not alone in this devotion. For many people, the brightly coloured boxes featuring various cartoon mascots and their

Preheat oven to 275 degrees F and put the cornflakes in a large mixing bowl. Crush them with your hands a few times. Combine milk powder, sugar and salt in another bowl and stir. Add the melted butter to the cornflakes, then add the sugar mixture and toss to combine. Spread on two lined baking sheets and bake for 35 minutes. Remove and let cool. Once cool, combine the cornflakes and the milk in a large mixing bowl and let steep for one hour. Strain the milk well. Combine the milk with the sugar, salt and vanilla extract in a small pot and bring to boil over medium heat. In another pot, whisk together egg yolks and slowly pour the warm milk mixture into the yolks while mixing constantly, Place back over medium heat and stir until the mixture is thick enough to coat a wooden spoon. Pour the custard this has produced through a strainer into the heavy cream and stir to combine. Chill the mixture in the fridge and proceed with the ice cream machine according to manufacturers instructions.

18 Life
CHRIS HAMELIN he switch from listening to Compact Discs in our Discmans to uploading digital files onto portable music players with internal hard drives was a exciting transition. I no longer had to transport my entire CD library with me everywhere I went. The convenience of being able to transport my music library within one small device was a greater gain than what was lost in sound quality. The nature of the compressed mp3 format restricts the range of frequencies that are clearer in other digital formats. In comparison to purchasing a CD, individuals buying mp3 files from online providers like iTunes are essentially paying for an inferior product. The song in this format, even played through the highest quality stereo, will never sound as good as an uncompressed digital format of the same song. The mp3 format became popular in part because people preferred its convenience to the Discman. The reason it really caught on however was the limitations of the technology at the time necessitated it. CDs, which are written in wav format, are a higher quality digital

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Technology review: digital music, MP3 vs. flac files

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music file with greater range than mp3s. So why did the wav file go the way of the buffalo? The answer is simple, it didn’t. There were two very large obstacles at the time that prevented us from listening to higher quality digital files on our portable music devices, less carrying a knapsack full of CDs. The first way technology limited us to using mp3 format was the lack of physical hard drive space to store the larger, higher-quality files. The storage capacity of both our home computers and portable media players just couldn’t realistically handle any larger files than mp3s. Secondly, the limited connectivity and download speed of 56k dial-up modems made downloading single tracks in any other format difficult and full albums unfathomable. Since the technology has greatly improved and we have the ability to download larger files quickly and store them efficiently, I have to ask, why on Earth is everyone still listening to mp3s?!? Once a wav file has been compressed into mp3 format the process cannot be reversed. That is to say, one cannot extract a true wav file from an mp3. Flac files however make this feat possible. Longtime Guelph music guru Sam

Megan Verhey Baijal explains, “When listening to an mp3, the sound is horizontal (left and right) and there is no dynamic range – when you hear the wav the sound is all around you with high and low frequency coming through… mp3s are like shoving things through a drainpipe instead of letting it flow freely with no restrictions.” Downloading flac files instead of mp3s is as simple as using adding the word “flac” to your torrent search. Although using flac files will reduce the number of overall songs you can fit on your portable music device, it will provide a far greater quality of sound and

enhance your overall listening experience. Flac is all free and was created by “deadhead” tapers who are true audiophiles. Known for their innovation, Apple has realized the folly that is compressed mp3 files and created an App to make higher quality digital recordings available for your iPod. Apple Lossless makes uploading flac-comparable files onto your iPod possible. The biggest criticism that I can make of Lossless is that like all Apple products, it is overly proprietary. This can be avoided by using a non-Apple digital music player with a more open source operating system (yes, they do exist) such as the Samsung Galaxy. Mp3s are ok to listen to on lowend stereo systems and ear buds, but for those individuals seeking audio excellence, playing an mp3 quality file on your new pair of The Beats by Dre is akin to using a laser-guided missile to squash an ant. Not only is it is overkill; you essentially end up with the same result. Listening to mp3 files on a set of quality speakers or headphones is basically a way of enabling yourself to experience the shortcomings of mp3 technology more clearly.

Holiday Cocktail
RACHEL SCAPILLATI

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he Holiday Cocktail is a fruity take on a festive beverage. A blend of

banana-strawberry-orange juice, eggnog and a shot of vodka, this drink retains the smoothness of the eggnog while giving a semblance to summery smoothies with the juice. The vodka is virtually invisible to your taste buds and gives the beverage a spike of warmth. The Holiday Cocktail provides a new spin on the idea of mixed eggnog drinks, merging both winter and summer infusions as one.

Ingredients:  Half cup of banana-strawberry-orange juice Half cup of eggnog One shot of Polar Ice Vodka

The Holiday Cocktail is a blend of summery and wintery beverages in one. Rachel Scapillati

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Life

How to avoid becoming a cliché

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RACHEL SCAPILLATI ail!” “That’s way too awesome.” “I liked Ok Go before it was cool to like them.” “I just hate drama.” “Meh.” “Brb.” All of these modern sayings are classic examples of new age colloquial clichés. Maybe some of us even genuinely liked Ok Go before it was trendy to like them, but let’s not steer away from the truth. By saying these phrases and participating in these trends, we are becoming generational clichés. And it does not stop in the way we talk. It extends to the way we dress and even in the way we Facebook or Tweet. Trends are hard to avoid and sometimes we might genuinely like a particular movement, but that does not excuse unoriginality and banality. If you want to avoid some of the more modern clichés, look no further. Here are some examples of annoying, trendy and boring social clichés that ought to be avoided. The use of the phrase “epic fail” is a little presumptuous. What determines the grandeur of one’s failures? Who gets to decide

how epically out of proportion a mistake can be? I urge those of you who use this phrase to find a more creative approach to expressing yourself. As soon as you hear a person say, “I hate drama”, you know what that means. That person’s affirmation against drama is really a warning that they will do everything in their power to create drama. It is a social paradox that needs to be vanquished. If you tell people that you liked a band before it was socially “cool” to like them, you are defeating your own argument. Reassuring others of your authenticity often leads to people questioning it. In the world of fashion, there is a rather odd trend appearing more and more, mostly in postsecondary institutions. The use of eye glasses without prescription or, to be blunt, fake spectacles, is a rising trend. Perhaps it is interesting to note the social status of wearing glasses has transcended from nerdy to trendy. The use of fake spectacles can be considered practical in that the person wearing them may hope to appear more intellectual.

That might pass as an excuse, but flipping the collar of your shirt up is not. It is not the 1980s. There is a reason certain trends die. Here we come to the crux of the problem with social clichés. Updating your Facebook or Twitter with “taking a shower, text me” is both completely unnecessary and insanitary. While this might be an extreme example of people feeling the need to give minute-by-minute status updates, it is nonetheless true. We do not need or want to hear everything you did that day. One status update per day is sufficient coverage. While we are on the topic of Facebook ladies, posting photos taken by you, featuring you puckering is not an acceptable form of self-expression. The reason is simply that this type of photopost is overdone and unoriginal. You are beautiful without making the kissy-lips and the only time it’s cool to take a picture of yourself and post it online is if you are making a silly face. The point is to be your own person and do not follow weird and pointless trends because

Megan Verhey it feels good to look or act like everyone else. Everyone, including myself, is guilty of participating in the social crazes listed above. The fact is clichés might never go away, but that does not mean you should become one. If you want to make a statement through the way you talk, dress or communicate online, I recommend the philosophy of showing, not telling. This can go a long way and people will respect you for it. Be yourself and you will find this much more rewarding.

Between the sheets: Getting sticky
contain B6 vitamins, as well as potassium, which helps to regulate a woman’s thyroid gland. Celery contains androsterone, which after consumption, is released through a man’s perspiration. Interestingly, this odourless chemical has been found to sexually stimulate and arouse others. Dairy-based Products Chocolate contains theobromine, which is similar to caffeine and raises one’s heart rate and physiological arousal. Another pertinent ingredient is phenylethylamine, a chemical believed to produce loving feelings in an individual. Grain Products There aren’t many, if any, grain products that are considered aphrodisiacs, but any grain product that contains the previously mentioned aphrodisiacs, would work just fine. (Psst: The above aphrodisiacs are only some of the many out there. Don’t be afraid to explore all possibilities). And hey, what isn’t sexy about a French baguette? Not only do some foods increase the production of certain hormones, food can also be incorporated into sex. If you’re not afraid to get playful and sticky, read on. Many people incorporate food into their sex lives at some point. (Psst: Just because someone wants to bring food into the bedroom, doesn’t mean they have a food fetish). The first thing that comes to mind when considering inviting food into your bed is whip cream. Whip cream is a sweet and playful food that can be used to map out a route for your partner’s tongue. Caramel, chocolate, butterscotch, and strawberry (etc) syrups and sauces can be used in a similar fashion. These sticky substances, along with honey, can be used as an implicit way of letting your partner know what areas of your body need some attention. Using cold and warm foods or drinks can add another dimension to your already spicy sex life. Consuming a cold or warm drink immediately before performing oral sex on your partner can provide a new and exciting sensation for your partner and you. Ice cubes can also be used in the bedroom to add a more extreme sensation. Keep in mind that a drastic temperature change can be shocking if someone doesn’t know it’s coming. Also, not everybody finds the sensation enjoyable. If a cold temperature doesn’t appeal to your special area or your special someone, ice can also be passed from one another during kissing. Ice cream can be used in the bedroom as well. If you’re feeling

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HAILEY INGRAM ello readers! Wondering what’s on the menu? Today’s hot (and delicious) topic is sex and food! An aphrodisiac is a food, drink, or drug that arouses sexual desire and excitement. Aphrodisiacs have been around for hundreds of years, providing many people with sexual arousal from almost every food group. Meat & Alternatives A well-known aphrodisiac is oysters, which contain dopamine, a hormone known to boost the sexdrive in men and women. Almonds and walnuts contain arginine, an essential fatty acid that assists in a man’s erection process, acting as ‘nature’s Viagra.’ Eggs contain B5 and B6 vitamins that balance hormone levels and reduce stress, two components critical to a healthy libido. Fruits & Vegetables Aside from their erotic shape, bananas contain bromelain enzymes, which increases libido. Figs are believed to not only increase libido, but also improve sexual stamina. Like eggs, avocados

Megan Verhey adventurous why not create a sundae right there on your partner’s stomach? (Psst: the scent of vanilla is believed to increase the feeling of lust). Everyone has different tastes and preferences when it comes to food and sex. The most important thing to remember when incorporating food into your sex life is to be creative! Use any type of food you like and bottom line, enjoy yourselves! Bon appetit! Hailey Ingram is a member of NAKED, a Wellness Centre group centred around promoting a sexpositive environment in which sexuality can be experienced and explored.

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Opinion
agree on what that “sameness” really is. Clark Kerr, former President of the University of California, wryly observed that the university is “a series of individual faculty entrepreneurs held together by a common grievance over parking.” Three recent books provide an interesting overview of some of the challenges facing universities these days. They suggest, in a variety of ways, that only by changing can the university survive. The Marketplace of Ideas: Reform and Resistance in the American University by Louis Menand examines four areas, core to the university, that need significant change. In doing so he cautions that “trying to reform the contemporary university is like trying to get on the Internet with a typewriter.” Yikes. He goes on to describe the struggle to preserve a liberal arts education, the lure of interdisciplinarity, and the uneasy role of humanities in

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The opinions expressed herein do not refelect the opinions of The Ontarion

Open Content: Changing to remain the same
MICHAEL RIDLEY he university is an odd thing. Defined by centuries of tradition, it lives constantly on the cutting edge of new ideas. Reviled as the elitist ivory tower, the university is also an instrument of mass education. A bastion of free speech and the home of political correctness. Radical conservative. Risk adverse daredevil. The university is an elegant bundle of contradictions. Recently I heard the Provost of a highly regarded Canadian university (not Guelph BTW ) say that universities were successful because they effectively resisted change. Wow. Can you say “massive denial?” Universities have survived and stayed relevant precisely because they have changed, and changed dramatically. And yet, throughout this they have also remained the same. Changing to remain the same. This is the great challenge. And, of course, none of us can

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modern times. Perhaps the most controversial chapter is entitled “Why Do Professors All Think Alike?” Menand calls for a substantive reform of the doctoral process – a process that creates graduates in the image of the past, and thereby limits growth and diversity. If The Marketplace of Ideas is about questioning some of the underlying philosophies of higher education, Academic Transformation: The Forces Reshaping Higher Education in Ontario by Ian Clark, Greg Moran, Michael Skolnik and David Trick is about questioning the nature of the whole system (at least in Ontario). The book pokes at a number of sacred cows. Foremost among these is the desire of all Ontario universities to be research institutions (as opposed to “merely” teaching institutions). The research institution values, and tries to integrate, both teaching and research. This homogeneity of institutional

models, very unlike virtually any other similar jurisdiction in the world, sets up other factors that, in the analysis of the authors, creates an insurmountable burden on the system in Ontario. The core observation: the economics and effectiveness of continuing with a homogenous research university model is unsustainable given the current and future challenges. If the two previous books were asking for reforms in the current system of high education, DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs, and the Coming Transformation of Higher Education by Anya Kamenetz asks “who needs the system anyway”? The DIY U or the DoIt-Yourself University “means the expansion of education beyond classroom walls: free, opensource, vocational, experiential, and self-directed learning.” The “open education” moment argues that the expensive, rulebased, technology adverse, traditional universities no longer serve the student or society. So

who needs them. By establishing “personal learning networks” that use open courseware, connectivity, sharing, and access to global expertise, a student is able to assemble their own learning plan and accomplish what existing institutions are unable to do. These new, open institutions can be very powerful and still offer the credentials that students desire. For example, what if Google University emerged? Free. Effective. Doing no evil; except perhaps drawing all our students away. DIY U is a wakeup call ... and an opportunity. Nothing is as constant as change. The University of Guelph is nothing like what it used to be or what it will become, but fortunately it will remain exactly the same. Michael Ridley is the Chief Information Officer (CIO) and Chief Librarian at the University of Guelph. Contact him at mridley@ uoguelph.ca or www.uoguelph.ca/cio.

What did the Pope really say?

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STEPHEN VAN ERVE n light of the recent discussion surrounding the comment made by Pope Benedict on the subject of condom use and HIV/AIDS, I think it is important to clarify this matter, especially after reading a misinterpretation given by Greg Beneteau in last week’s paper. The controversy arises from a new book called Light of the World: The Pope, the Church and the Signs of the Times, where

the Pope was interviewed by the German journalist Peter Seewald. Misunderstanding arises from the Pope’s answer when charged with the comment: “It is madness to forbid a high-risk population to use condoms,” Pope Benedict’s response in its entirety was: “There may be a basis in the case of some individuals, as perhaps when a male prostitute uses a condom, where this can be a first step in the direction of a

moralization, a first assumption of responsibility, on the way toward recovering an awareness that not everything is allowed and that one cannot do whatever one wants. But it is not really the way to deal with the evil of HIV infection. That can really lie only in a humanization of sexuality.” Here Pope Benedict is explaining that when a person begins to think of the consequences of their actions they will begin to think of how their actions affect others and will act accordingly. By assuming responsibility, the person is beginning a moralization by acknowledging that “one cannot do whatever one wants” and as a result, action cannot be justified based on pleasure, but rather in the responsibilities that come with the pleasures being sought. The Pontiff is explaining that care for others is a part of the natural law set out by God, which, if properly followed, will lead the person to a greater care and eventually a great love for others. If we love one another we will be willing to sacrifice ourselves for the benefit of the other, and will place our desires below the welfare of others rather than hurting others by exercising our will towards pleasure and ignoring all consequences. Pope Benedict is focusing on the intention rather than the act itself. If the intention of the

HIV positive condom user is to preserve a life, then the user is beginning a conversion process. In due time, they will hopefully realize that if they love others, love demands that they abstain from sexual acts that use another person to gain pleasure and/or money. Instead, love that places the welfare of others first will sacrifice pleasure so that lives can be saved. If a person cares at all for another human being, they will be willing to give up much so that the other may have more. As we can see, the Pope clearly states that condoms are not the answer. Rather, the only way to stop the evil of HIV/AIDS is through the humanization of sexuality. What does the Pope mean by the “humanization of sexuality”? Well, he means that sexuality must be brought to its full human beauty. The common misconception is that the Catholic Church is against sex and treats sex as “evil”; however this is extremely false. The Church teaches that sexuality is part of being human and that God created it for a purpose, just as He created all things with purpose. In this sense sexuality within its purpose is extremely good, but when it is removed from its purpose it becomes sinful. The Catholic Church has always taught and will always teach that sexuality is to be shared between a man and a woman,

who are unified in matrimony. This makes the purpose of sexuality: an expression of love, the union of two persons into one flesh, and the procreation and perpetuation of the human race under God’s blessing “be fruitful and multiply”. If any of these factors are not present, the Church teaches that a warped sense of sexuality is being expressed. Contraception, by blocking procreation can therefore never be accepted, and will never be made “legal” under any doctrine by the Catholic Church. When Pope Benedict talks about the “humanization of sexuality” he is talking about proper Catholic marriage, which would eliminate HIV/AIDS in the end, since promiscuity is the greatest transporter of all STIs. The Church teaches that sexual relations are only intended for married couples and as a result both members should remain abstinent before marriage so that they may give themselves fully to their spouse. Two virgins getting married have an extremely low chance of having STIs and as a result infections are less likely to spread. In cases where a STI is spread it would be contained within that marriage. If people are monogamous and loyal to their spouse, as the Catholic Church teaches, there should be no reason for protection in an act of love.

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Opinion

The BetterPlanet Project
AARON MASSECAR here has been a lot of talk lately about the BetterPlanet Project. What is it? Is it just a marketing campaign? How does it make my life any different? And there have been a few confused responses to the project. Sure, one very narrow way of looking at the campaign is as a marketing strategy—it’s a way for us to talk about the University of Guelph to the larger community in order to highlight our strengths. But

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if understanding stops there, then we miss out on what the BetterPlanet Project can be. At the base, the BetterPlanet Project is an idea; it’s the idea that the Planet can become a better place and that we can do something about it. When I say “we,” I don’t mean the indefinite, nobody in particular “we,” but I mean, you, me, and everyone else at this institution that believes that we can and should make a difference. The University of Guelph

perfectly reflects the majority of the student body: quiet, humble, happy to be successful but not too happy to brag. But most importantly, we’re a proud institution. We’re proud of our Aggie roots. We’re not ashamed to admit that we’ve got cows on campus. And, for the most part, that’s what we’re known for; a lot of people outside this institution know us as Moo-U, and there’s nothing wrong with that. However, you and I know that there’s way more going

on here than just that. What about our national title winning athletics programs, our nationally recognized fine arts programs, our world class research? Why aren’t we known for these things too? The BetterPlanet Project is a call to action. It’s a call to stand up and be proud of our institution, to say to the world, “heck yeah I stepped in manure on the way to my MA in Leadership class this morning, and I’m proud of it.” The BetterPlanet Project is the most forward-thinking program

that I’ve been witness to in a long time. It’s a project that asks us to put aside on our petty differences and to begin to tackle the world’s problems head on. The problems are real. Our time is now. If you’d like to know more, then I’d encourage you to meet with your elected student representatives and ask them about it, visit the website: www. betterplanetproject.ca, and keep your eyes open for more information that will be coming out in the next few months.

Editorial
Care about your planet dammit!

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f you didn’t see people in their underwear in the cafeteria this week, dancing on the tables in front of the sandwich shop, you can catch it on YouTube. Though the seats were mostly empty, and the audience small, the aftermath found a much more widespread reception. The Globe and Mail ran a headline about our fabric shedding student body and the YouTube video has more than 22,000 hits. But before we get too interested in the commotion these students have stirred up, let’s talk about why

they did it. Recently the Senate was deciding on a proposition called Bill C-311, which would have pushed the Canadian government to do something significant about climate change and greenhouse gas emissions. The goal of the bill was to work with corporations to decrease our emissions noticeably by 2020, and substantially by 2050, with 80 per cent less emissions than we had in 1990. The bill was sadly turned down, and these students were not impressed.

Instead of crying about what is honestly an embarrassing federal decision, these students took their clothes off, and attracted the attention of thousands with their plea for attention. We, the Ontarion editorial staff, applaud them. If there is one thing that can be seen as consistent throughout our generation, it is our docility. Gone, it seems, are the days when we would rally for a cause we felt worthwhile in public spaces, putting the necessary pressure on governing

bodies to make changes. Instead we are content to sit back, allow governments to take advantage of our modesty, and criticize anyone who takes a stand…a trend clearly visible in the video’s YouTube replies. We too are guilty of initially judging this strip mob’s actions as unproductive, and seeing in them yet another aim at awareness without any tangible goal. However we were quick to realize that this is not so, and a tangible goal is exactly what these young ambitious folks

carry with them. Bill C-311 is one with clear guidelines and a distinct proposed outcome. It’s the kind of bill that in all honesty should have been passed if we truly care about the natural home that is our earth. While many complain about awareness not being enough, it is only us that can make it more than that. We ask that you not judge or naysay at those members of our generation who actually stand up and do something. YOU! Yes you! Care about your planet dammit!

Letters to the Editor
Letters to the Editor Deadline for letters: Mondays @ 2PM
I was not elected to ‘lead’ We need to be conscious of the language we use and the impacts it can have. Terms like ‘student leader’ works to further divide our campus (if you are leaders, then what does that make the rest of us?). Nevertheless, that is the term you continue to use to identify yourselves and that is the term I am forced to use (consider the quotation marks a compromise). If you want to advocate for students, then inform them. Spend a little less time in committee meetings, a little less time fundraising for the university’s capital project, and a little more time communicating what is going on to students. The fact is that there is a huge disconnect between the average students and student representatives and that is detrimental to our student movement and although it’s not all based around this term, the general attitude is disruptive. This attitude of superiority from one group of students and dismay from the other needs to stop immediately. Believe it or not, ‘student leaders’ are not elected to fundraise on behalf of the university; and no, that is not a task I am interested in taking up. If you want to accurately represent students, then should be discussing the drawbacks of students paying into the Better Planet Project, not the strategy on how we are going to get it done. I cannot support what the Better Planet Project, so please don’t expect me at any of your fundraising meetings. I want student representatives to spend less time deciding what we want students to fund, and more time determining how to pressure the government to fund it instead. Denise Martins External Affairs Commissioner The Ontarion reserves the right to edit or refuse all letters deemed sexist, racist, homophobic, able-ist, advertorial, libelous or otherwise oppressive or unfit for publication as determined by the Editor in Chief. Letters must be kept to a maximum of 300 words. We will edit longer letters at our discretion. All letters must include a full name and phone number (#’s not published), including those which are intended to remain anonymous. The Ontarion may occasionally print anonymous letters when personal safety is an issue. ontarion@uoguelph.ca

Taming an Unbridled HorseQuick Thoughts on Foreign Aid Reform: When I first found out that Canada spends 4.5 billion dollars on foreign aid every year, I was both proud of and humbled by our government’s commitment. However, as I began to dig deeper into how the money is being used, I began to question my initial pride. One thing that surprised me was the lack of meaningful information on the website of the Canadian International Aid Agency (CIDA). Though a project listing along with the corresponding monetary inputs exists, there is almost no information (assessment results, literacy rates, illness rates, etc) on what effect the money is having on people’s lives. Though a few parliamentary reports are available, they are input-based rather than results-based and are not very accessible to the general

reader: they can only be found after going through a labyrinth of links and are frighteningly wordy. Furthermore, when it comes to evaluations, CIDA seems to assess itself, rather than let independent third parties assess it. All this leads me to question if Canada is using our taxpayers’ 4.5 billion dollars effectively. I think that, as citizens, the vigilantes of an effective and lasting democracy, we all have the responsibility to ensure that CIDA becomes more accountable and transparent to the 34 million Canadians they represent. Danny Liang

For all of the steps forward in sexual wellness NAKED, Interhall, GRCGED and countless campus leaders have taken, Miss Barlow’s article, “I’d like to talk about sex” represents a step… Gosh, I can’t even say backwards, Hanna, because

you’re so far off in right field. I’ll start with the description of BDSM as “how to hurt people and get off on it” this is actually the description of a mental illness that usually lands you in jail. BDSM’s main tenants are: “safe, sane, consensual.” Find me one respected Mistress or Master who is not extremely independent, driven, well-educated. Next: “condoms handed out with candy = condoms equated as innocent like candy.” Funny, because condoms reduce harm (illness and unwanted pregnancy), whereas candy causes harm (eating disorders). Miss Barlow argues that safe sex = sexual promiscuity. This is an odd assertion—similar campaigns, such as MADD, have made people more aware of their responsibility and more careful in risky behaviour.

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22 Letters to the Editor
continued from page 21 “University is where we learn to be adults.” Well, Hanna, I don’t know if you’ve spent any time in the real world, but I can tell you that it’s generally as sexually repressive as you are. Sexual empowerment among young adults comes in the form of knowledge: from there, they can make the most informed decisions about their actions. These students have just come OUT of the real world, where being the least bit sexually open, curious, or different was immediately labelled and pummelled: now I call THAT “hurting people and getting off on it.” I can only THANK Student Health Services for making oral contraceptives so non-judgementally available to me, THANK Camp-Out for helping me evaluate the parameters of my sexuality. These ARE the reasons I don’t just “sleep with the first drunk guy” or girl who shows interest. Kristyn Englert intense acts. While some people erroneously stop at “no means no,” a good BDSM workshop will teach you that everything besides “yes” means no . Explicit consent is incredibly important to BDSM, and so is repeatedly checking in with your partner(s) to make sure they’re still into it. This is how all sex should be, and we’d all be better off going to a BDSM workshop. Kink and sex toy workshops don’t trivialize sex either. Sex toy workshops expand definitions of sex, provide people with different ways to get themselves and others off, introduce people to lower risk sexual activities, and emphasize the importance of safer sex. Once again, we’d all be better off if we went to these workshops. I agree with Hannah that, in many ways, campus groups are not doing enough around sex, but well-run workshops on BDSM, kink, and sex toys are part of the solution, not part of the problem, and we need more of them. These are the places where sex is discussed appropriately and where we can learn how to make sure that our sex is safe, fun, and meaningful in whatever ways we need it to be. Veronica Majewski

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University Centre Room 264 University of Guelph N1G 2W1 ontarion@uoguelph.ca Phone: 519-824-4120 General: x58265 Editorial: x58250 Advertising: x58267 Accounts: x53534 Fax: 519-824-7838

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The Ontarion Inc.
provides students with information and allows them to make their own decisions, judgment free. This is why the Centre and RLS provide free condoms and information for students.   People can choose to abstain, but if they decide to have sex, they have the resources necessary to do so as safely as possible.   Due to the current increase in Chlamydia cases on campus, access to free condoms is more important than ever. I would also like to respond to last week’s article’s comment that kink/BDSM is about hurting “other people and get(ting) off on it.” This is a misrepresentation of the term.  Kink is about exploring new and pleasurable things in a consensual relationship, and although pain can be a part of it, it is certainly not the only focus. The article also implied that teaching about sex in a lighthearted manner is inappropriate because it trivializes the act. But sex is fun, and this is nothing to be ashamed of or something that should be ignored.  By including all aspects of sex in their educational materials, both the benefits and the risks, the Wellness Centre and Student Health Services can ensure that they have interesting and accurate educational materials capable of making a real difference. Rebecca Hicks must say that sex itself belongs in a marriage relationship. Similarly, masturbation is wrong because it can be a result of greed (seeking to please oneself, rather than to be pleased), loss of control (forgoing abstinence outside a marriage relationship), and impurity among others. Second, you might think that my views are outdated – let me reply. I am a Christian, that is, I have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. It’s not about what denomination I belong to, nor is it about how many years I’ve gone to Catholic School – it’s about a relationship which I so eagerly desired over two years ago, partly due to broken sexual relationships that caused great pain. To make a long story short, I obtain absolute truth from the Bible, which shows me how to live a life that is pleasing to God; He knows what is right and best for us all. Now, there is no particular verse against masturbation but there are many verses on the intentions of the heart: loss of control, impurity, greed, pride etc. Having said that, I must stand my ground and proclaim that it is wrong to masturbate even in the face of great 21st century opposition. To conclude, investigate the legitimacy of the scriptures and Jesus’ life and resurrection if you are troubled, hurt, depressed etc. because of such issues. Seek Him: He raised me up and I know He will do the same for you! Hassan Jan

Editorial Staff: Editor-in-chief Nicole Elsasser News Editor Kelsey Rideout Arts & Culture Editor Josh Doyle Sports & Health Editor Justin Dunk Copy Editor Sasha Odesse Associate Editor Rachel Scapillati Production Staff: Photo & graphics editor Megan Verhey Ad designer Anne Tabata Layout Director Alison Tibbles Business manager Lorrie Taylor Monique Vischschraper Ad manager Chris Hamelin Board of Directors President David Evans Treasurer Curtis Van Laecke Secretary Joanna Sulzycki Chairperson Marshal McLernon Directors Yvonne Su Andrew Goloida Lisa McLean Antik Dey

Hannah Barlow’s article on campus attitudes about sex had some major irony going on. While describing how the campus community trivializes sex, she herself trivialized and grossly misrepresented BDSM and kink. If she perhaps attended these workshops (rather than skipping that step and going straight to criticizing), Hannah would have discovered a space where the things she finds important about sex -- self-worth, mutual respect, responsibility -- are mandatory. Trust and consent are the most important concepts in kink/BDSM. It takes a huge amount of both for two (or more) individuals to be able to truly enjoy an experience that may involve some pretty

Last week, I read an article entitled “I’d like to talk about sex. Do I have your attention now?”  I felt that a response to this article’s message and its inaccurate view of the Wellness Centre was in order. The Wellness Centre exists as a safe space on campus- a place where people are accepted for who they are, without question. This safe space includes a sex positive environment, where people can feel free to explore their sexuality.   To teach students, the Wellness Centre employs a choice model, where it

I completely disagreed with the content found in last week’s “Between the Sheets: Sex Toys” article. The author states that “selfarousal and regular orgasms can be a healthy part of a balanced sexual lifestyle” as if it’s some type of essential breakfast nutrient. First, I do agree that orgasms and stimulation reduce stress and increase positive feelings but

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We had some problems with Hamlet -Tent City. From the shallow caricature of homelessness, which only book-ended the production, to “educating”the cast on how to portray the homeless using cops – often the chief oppressors facing homeless people. University of Guelph Theatre Studies, you’ve outdone yourselves Contributors Bhamjee Rashaad this time! Did Judith Thompson Genna Buck Sam Dewaele really think that inserting some Pamela Duynstee homelessness here and there would Oliver Dzuba really bring more awareness to Kosta Gligorijevic Chris Hamelin students? We saw tokenism instead. Kirsti Juurakko People are aware homelessness Cody Kupferschmidt exists. Inspiring people to give a few Andrea Lamarre Aaron Massecar moments over to recognize that Leigh McSwan some people are not as advantaged Hayley Mullen as they are is not a solution, nor a James Napier Jihee Park contribution. A play that attempts Sarah Patterson to examine the causes of and Mishi Prokop potential solutions to the problem Michael Ridley Elizabeth Shearly of homelessness could be useful. Samantha Smith-Moskal Granted, morphing Hamlet into an Stephen van erve effective medium for examining the Haily van Ingram issue may be an impracticable project The Ontarion is a non-profit organization governed by a Board of Directors. Since the Ontarion undertakes the but then why oh why was Hamlet publishing of student work, the opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of the Ontarion the base on which Thompson chose Board of Directors. The Ontarion reserves the right to edit or refuse all material deemed sexist, racist, homophobic, or to build? The performance itself otherwise unfit for publication as determined by the Editorin-Chief. Material of any form appearing in this newspaper was decent; we’re just at a loss as to is copyrighted 2010 and cannot be reprinted without the approval of the Editor-in-Chief. The Ontarion retains the why homelessness was a tacked on right of first publication on all material. In the event that an advertiser is not satisfied with an advertisement in the newspaper, they must notify the Ontarion within four working afterthought. days of publication. The Ontarion will not be held responsible Michaela Kennedy for advertising mistakes beyond the cost of advertisement. The Ontarion is printed by the Guelph Mercury. & Divinus Caesar

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Dec. 2 - 8, 2010

Crossword
Across 1- Paris possessive; 4- Brief appearance 9- Choose 14- Application 15- Crackerjack 16- Turkish palace 17- Resinous deposit 18- Preside over 19- Stickum 20- Unofficial advisers 23- Belonging to us 24- Deserter 25- Immediately 28- Trompe l’___ 30- Babylonian title 33- Maw 34- Mex. Miss 35- Shoppe adjective 36- High-speed separator 39- Antitoxins 40- Plains native 41- Facial expression used by Elvis Presley 42- Hot time in Paris 43- 3:00 44- Slick 45- Boy king 46- I smell ___! 47- Development of a cancer 54- Satan 55- Mountain nymph 56- Sugar suffix 57- Rice-___ 58- Keyed up 59- Legal science 60- Bent 61- Adjust, modify 62- Approves Down 1- Remain sullen 2- Morales of “NYPD Blue” 3- Denomination 4- Andalusian dance 5- Stay attached 6- Averages 7- Heroic 8- Other, in Oaxaca 9- Observation 10- Inclined 11- Gaelic language of Ireland or Scotland 12- Suffragist Carrie 13- Bind 21- Against 22- Wild rose 25- Divert

23

Crossword by www.bestcrosswords.com

26- Apartment sign 27- Bizarre 28- Ready ___... 29- Kitchen addition 30- Depressed spirits 31- Borders 32- Guarded 34- Goes down 35- Important 37- Raccoon-like carnivore 38Inhabitant of Oahu, Mindanao, or Java 43- Greek geometrician 44- Lubricant 45- Triple 46- Cause 47- Atlantic mackerel 48- Acknowledge 49- ___ bene 50- Hurler Hershiser 51- Han ___ was a “Star Wars” character 52- Author Dinesen 53- Puts in stitches 54- Small amount

Sarah Patterson

Submit your completed crosswords by Monday December 6th at 4 p.m. for a chance to win! Congratulations to last week’s winner... Zachary Wilks Come by the Ontarion office to pick up your prize. 2 Bob’s Dogs!