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GE Energy

The 7FA Gas Turbine “A Classic Reimagined”
GE Gas Turbine Technology Symposium Greenville, SC
October 2009

Russ Martin 60 Hz Product Manager - Advanced Technology Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Jim Donohue Marketing Program Manager - Advanced Technology Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Combined Cycle

©2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without prior permission of the copyright owner.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The 7FA Story Continues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The 7FA Model Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 VII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Flexibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7FA Platform Evolution . . . . . . . 14 List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Turbine Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 System Level Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 GE F Series Gas Turbine Experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . without prior permission of the copyright owner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Naming Progression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All Rights Reserved. . . . 10 Combustion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Fleet with the Most Experience. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 IV. . . . This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 VI. . . . Proven Technology and Experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ©2009 General Electric Company. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 GE F Series Technology “Firsts” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 III. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Environment . . . . 3 Value Proposition . . . . . . . . . . . 1 II. . 12 VIII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference Plant Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Maintainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Component Level Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Performance Evolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Validation Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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flexible.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” I. Units 74 715 197 Hours 2. GE has continued to evolve its F-class technology. The 7FA Model Series GE F Series Gas Turbine Experience GE’s F gas turbine technology was initially developed in the 1980s. the 7FA. fuel prices. and financing constraints are but a few of the issues they face. there are more than 700 7FA gas turbines in service with a cumulative operating experience of more than 19 million fired hours and more than 520 thousand starts. The newest addition to GE’s F-class gas turbine portfolio. A grand total of 996 GE F technology units are now in service with more than 30 million fired hours and 624 thousand starts. which has been an industry standard for reliable. 1990. 1 . GE F Series Technology “Firsts” GE has continued to develop the F technology over time. and economical power generation for almost two decades. In response to these demands. as well as GE’s aircraft engine models. GE’s first F technology unit entered commercial service on June 6. GE F-class operational experience.400 starts. Model 6FA 7FA/B 9FA/B Table 1.0+M 7. It has also evolved to the advanced FB technology found in GE’s 60 Hz 7FB and 50 Hz 9FB machines. 7F technology has been scaled to the 50 Hz 9FA machine and the 50/60 Hz 6FA machine. It represented a quantum leap in the operating temperatures. Greenhouse gas legislation. renewable portfolio standards. The hours-based fleet leader has logged more than 126 thousand hours while the starts-based fleet leader has logged more than 3. Introduction Today’s power generators find themselves in an uncertain world. availability and the operational flexibility power generators need to achieve greater revenue in all operating modes. As of August 2009.05 version. and the 7F has been the first to achieve numerous F technology firsts: • F technology gas turbine • 55% thermal efficiency • 100% reliability…275 day period • Single digit emissions for NOx and CO • 99. II.4% reliability…F technology record ©2009 General Electric Company. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. cooling technology and aerothermal performance of heavy-duty gas turbines.6+M 19. All Rights Reserved. without prior permission of the copyright owner. In developing the newest version of the 7FA. GE has mined the wealth of knowledge that comes from the largest and most experienced F-class fleet in the industry and combined it with proven technology from across GE’s broad portfolio of heavy-duty and aeroderivative gas turbines.3+M Starts 31K 520K 77K This experience includes operation in duty cycles ranging from peaking to daily start/stops to base load operation as illustrated in Figure 1. delivers greater output and efficiency while maintaining leadership in reliability.

000 Fired Hours Figure 1.000 40. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part.000 70.FA 7FA+ . cyclic.000 100.000 50.FA+e/7FB Fleet Experience 4. GE has adopted a simplified naming convention as illustrated in Table 2.000 20.500 2.500 1. In general. peak). 7FA Platform Evolution Naming Progression Over time. 2 .000 3.000 60. the historical “version” progressed as firing temperature incrementally increased (i. without prior permission of the copyright owner. Going forward. 7F.000 2.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” 7FA . GE can confidently say its F technology has: • The largest fleet • The most operational experience • The most reliable fleet III.000 30. The platform will continued to be referred to as the “7FA” model with incremental versions to distinguish significant rating changes. 7FA+. ©2009 General Electric Company.500 4.7FA+e 7FB Base Load 207 30% of Fleet 0 10. shaft horsepower and shaft configuration. • Syngas applications • 700+ units manufactured • 19+ million operating hours • 40% load with single-digit emissions compliance The Fleet with the Most Experience To summarize. various version and designation nomenclatures have been used to distinguish ratings and part replacement configurations. as the 7FA evolved. 7FA duty cycle for 2008 (base load. 7FA+e). while historical “designations” were assigned depicting frame size. 7FA.500 3.000 1.000 90.000 500 0 Peaking Duty 157 23% of Fleet Cycling 326 47% of Fleet Fired Starts 10 Hours/Start 50 Hours/Start 7F .000 80..e.

01 7FA PG 7221 7FA 7FA.5% Eff. while maintaining leadership in reliability. 7F 34.04 Version 38. Using proven technology from earlier GE models. the next evolution of the 7FA now offers improvements in output.05.02 7FA+ PG7231 7FA 7FA. Compressor 210 200 190 180 7FA+ 35.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Product Model Revised Version Historical Version Historical Designation 7F 7F.05 Version 38. thermal efficiency. IV.04 - 7FA 7FA. The 7FA Story Continues Value Proposition GE Energy’s newest version of the 7FA heavy-duty gas turbine. GT output (MW) Combustion/HGP ’10 ’12 ’14 Years Figure 2. providing enhanced performance. All Rights Reserved. and maintainability. The remainder of this paper focuses on the next step in the 7FA evolution and how it addresses customers’ needs today and in the future. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. availability. 220 7FA.03 7FA+e PG7241 7FA 7FA. in simple-cycle and combined-cycle configurations. availability and the operational flexibility power generators need to achieve greater revenue in cyclic and peaking operation. Performance Evolution Figure 2 illustrates the evolution of the 7F technology since its inception.7% Eff. ©2009 General Electric Company. operability. and maintainability (RAM).5% Eff. 170 160 150 ’88 7FA 35% Eff.0% Eff. all without compromising the high degree of reliability. the 7FA.05 - Table 2. ’90 ’92 ’94 ’96 ’98 ’00 ’02 ’04 ’06 ’08 7FA+e 36. 7FA model naming progression. without prior permission of the copyright owner. To help meet customers’ growing needs to generate more power more efficiently.05 version is coupled with a highly advanced 14-stage axial compressor. 3 . By merging a host of proven technologies mined from across our product lines. 7F performance evolution.2% Eff. and operational flexibility historically delivered by GE’s F-class fleet. 7FA. delivers greater output and efficiency than earlier versions of the 7FA. GE Energy introduces the next evolution of its industry-leading 7FA heavy-duty gas turbine for the 60 Hz power generation regions.01 7F PG 7191 7FA 7FA. the 7FA. operability and lower life-cycle costs.

This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. Figures 3 and 5 have a characteristic flat output rating from approximately 59°F to 70°F. ISO base load conditions. availability and operational flexibility customers have come to expect from GE F-class technology. GE’s new 7FA delivers greater output with greater efficiency than earlier versions of the 7FA. and the exhaust energy will increase. The application of a larger. ©2009 General Electric Company. Simple-cycle gas turbine output.03 version by +33.05 version is incrementally improved over the 7FA. exhaust temperature will stay approximately flat. the exhaust flow will increase.05 version can generate more than 625 MW in a 207FA combined-cycle configuration with 57. without sacrificing the reliability. +35. no duct firing and no CO catalyst. The gas turbine output of the 7FA. LHV) NOx (ppmvd @ 15% O2) CO (ppmvd) 211 38. SCR.5% efficiency.04 7FA. 240 220 7FA.05 gas turbine operates with slightly closed inlet guide vanes and variable stator vanes. and +37. 1.8 MW (ISO day @ 59°F). All Rights Reserved. 2x1 combined cycle utilizing a GE 207D-11 ST.03 180 160 140 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Ambient Temperature (°F) Figure 3. Simple-Cycle Gas Turbine Output.5 8872 9 9 Combined Cycle* 627 57.4 MW SC Output (MW) 200 7FA. Especially well-suited for cyclic and peaking projects. Simple Cycle Output Efficiency (%. 4 .05 Improved Hot Day Output +37. and with the backing of GE Energy’s unsurpassed product support.5 5934 2 9 *Combined-cycle values assume gas fuel.6 MW (cold day @ 0°F). In this ambient temperature region.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Performance The improved performance and efficiency of the next evolution of the 7FA gas turbine translates into increased revenue for power generators. without prior permission of the copyright owner. the 7FA. which become opened fully at approximately 70°F. and enhanced efficiency due to its three-dimensional aerodynamic airfoils and hybrid radial compressor diffuser.4 MW (hot day @ 100°F) as shown in Figure 3. In the region of constant base load output. LHV) Heat Rate (Btu/kW-hr. more efficient compressor delivers improved output compared to earlier versions by allowing more airflow.5" HgA steam turbine backpressure. the 7FA.

05 version is incrementally improved over the 7FA.05 version in a 2x1 configuration is incrementally improved over the 7FA.05 CC Net Output (MW) Improved Hot Day Output +105 MW 7FA. The gas turbine simple-cycle efficiency of the 7FA.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Simple-Cycle Gas Turbine Efficiency.4 points (ISO day @ 59°F).05 version can achieve more than 750 MW in a 207FA configuration.04 7FA. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part.05 39% Improved Efficiency +1. Combined-Cycle Gas Turbine Output. and +105 MW (hot day @ 100°F) as illustrated in Figure 5. 5 . 700 650 600 550 500 450 400 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 7FA. Simple-cycle gas turbine efficiency. 40% 7FA. It is important to note that in a fully duct-fired application.03 Ambient Temperature (°F) Figure 5. The plant output of the 7FA.6 points (hot day @ 100°F) as illustrated in Figure 4. the 7FA. Combined-cycle gas turbine output. without prior permission of the copyright owner.03 version by +111 MW (cold day @ 0°F). ©2009 General Electric Company.03 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Ambient Temperature (°F) Figure 4.4 pt SC Efficiency (LHV) 38% 37% 36% 35% 34% 7FA. 1.4 points (cold day @ 0°F).03 version by 1. +98 MW (ISO day @ 59°F). All Rights Reserved. and 1.04 7FA.

without prior permission of the copyright owner. more efficient sources of energy. Ecomagination is GE’s commitment to imagine and build innovative technologies that help customers address their environmental and financial needs. and a model-based control system that enables robust accommodation of ambient condition and fuel composition variations. Superior Combustion Technology.2 points (hot day @ 100°F) as illustrated in Figure 6.0% 56.03 version by 1. or in response to changing operating conditions. equivalent to the emissions of approximately 3.6 combustion system. 6 . Flexibility The compressor’s three Variable Stator Vane (VSV) stages enhance operational flexibility by allowing the control system to adjust compressor airflow to accommodate varying fuel and ambient conditions.2 points (cold day @ 0°F). while maintaining the operational flexibility needed by customers to respond to varying electricity demand conditions.05 version produces more power by firing at higher temperatures while producing only single digit NOx and CO emissions—from 49% load up to 100% load. A typical customer operating a GE 207FA combined-cycle plant with a 7FA.5% 54. To join the ecomagination portfolio.03 60 80 100 120 Ambient Temperature (°F) Figure 6. The new 7FA gas turbine is part of GE’s ecomagination portfolio. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. and 1.03 gas turbine for an equivalent net plant output of 627 MW could avoid the emission of more than 19.0 pt Improved Hot Day Efficiency 7FA.0% CC Net Efficiency (LHV) 57.800 cars on U. roads. All Rights Reserved. such as the need for cleaner.000 metric tons of CO2 per year.5% -20 0 20 40 +1. the 7FA.6 combustion system to further improve emissions and operating flexibility. 1.04 7FA. the latest evolution of the 7FA maintains its legacy DLN2. ©2009 General Electric Company.0% 55.5% 57. Its improved efficiency and higher output will result in less fuel consumption and lower emissions on a MW-hr basis than currently available 7FA gas turbines across the entire ambient temperature range.S. a system must complete the company’s rigorous internal and third-party environmental and operational evaluation.05 gas turbine instead of a 7FA. The combined-cycle efficiency of the 7FA. With its industry-leading DLN2. Combined-cycle heat rate.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Combined-Cycle Heat Rate. Environment In today’s world of increased concern over climate change and the inevitable tightening of regulatory requirements.05 version in a 2x1 configuration is incrementally improved over the 7FA. 58. Ecomagination*.5% 56.0 points (ISO day @ 59°F). *Ecomagination is a trademark of the General Electric Company.05 7FA.

e. largely free from the constraints of equipment limitations. leading to reduced fuel costs. leading to reduced operating restrictions based on startup NOx limits and savings based on NOx trading credits.5 7FA. 150 GT Min Turndown (MW) 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 7FA. However. Gas turbine turndown.5 50% 87. and avoiding emissions spikes and time delays associated with full start-ups.05 version. This is attributed to the additional flexibility of the compressor Variable Stator Vanes (VSVs). In the spirit of continually improving its products to satisfy customers’ needs. base load to minimum load) is wider for the 7FA. Component Base Load Min MW % GT Turndown (ISO) GT Turndown Spread (ISO) 7FA..5 7FA. Fuel heating capabilities allow operation on unheated fuel over an expanded portion of the startup sequence. without prior permission of the copyright owner. *Ecomagination is a trademark of the General Electric Company.04 7FA.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Improved Operability. with proven performance in applications ranging from combined cycle and cogeneration to simple-cycle peaking.03 175 87. Fast startup capabilities provide the ability to reduce NOx emissions during low load operation. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part.05 7FA. in this case it should be noted that the MW turndown spread (i.5 42% 101. 7 .05 version even lower. Turndown capabilities ensure operators can run the turbine at its lowest operating level without turning it off.03 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Ambient Temperature (°F) Figure 7.04 183 97 53% 86 7FA. Our flexible performance features can help customers expand their ability to operate based on their own specific business priorities and market parameters. All Rights Reserved. reduced maintenance. GE’s 7FA gas turbine provides the greatest operational flexibility in its class.05 211 103 49% 108 Table 3. As base load gas turbine output grows it becomes more challenging for the combustor to achieve the same absolute MW level of the prior version. 7FA gas turbine turndown comparison. leading to reduced fuel consumption and reduced startup times for both cold and warm starts. ©2009 General Electric Company.03 w/Extended Turndown 175 73. GE is developing improved turndown capability technologies that are expected to bring the absolute MW turndown of the 7FA.

without prior permission of the copyright owner. Removable compressor rotor blades. The 7FA. The circumferential dovetail design allows the blades to slide circumferentially for removal at designated locations. The 7FA. Maintainability The compressor’s field-replaceable blades. The 7FA. Enhanced borescope inspection. providing fast and reliable starts. For customers considering a cycling power plant. Rapid Response is a combined-cycle plant solution that allows generators to quickly add power-generating capacity during times of peak demand while significantly reducing NOx emissions (up to 60%) and CO emissions (up to 25%) during each startup. Fuel Flexibility.05 version is fuel flexible. along with advanced algorithms that enhance efficiency predictions. Figure 8. The 7FA. capable of operating on natural gas fuel with a Modified Wobbe Index Variation of +/-5% without the need for retuning or other adjustments. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. enable improved maintainability and inspection capabilities and result in reduced outage times. ©2009 General Electric Company. 8 . Improved monitoring and diagnostic capabilities are also included through additional sensors and instrumentation that monitor blade health. Removable Compressor Blades. Improved Inspectability.05 version has three borescope hole locations on each stage as compared to two per stage on the prior versions. reducing fuel costs by enabling operation with the lowest priced fuel available. and can be also be operated using distillate fuel.05 version compressor supports in-situ removable rotor blades.05 version compressor casing includes improved inspection capability by the addition and repositioning of borescope holes. Blade locks secure the blades in position. The enabling technology is the circumferential dovetail slot design in contrast to an axial dovetail slot design. Borescope Locations Visible Top 10 O’Clock 2 O’Clock Visible with Robot Figure 9.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Improved Dispatchability. the 7FA. All Rights Reserved.05 version can be outfitted with Rapid Response. along with additional borescope holes that allow for enhanced coverage.

including a slight increase in the size of the inlet and exhaust. • New and improved GE proprietary sensors have been added: – Corrosion monitoring for inlet filtration effectiveness – Blade health monitoring for prognostic anomaly detection – Variable Stator Vane positioning for enhanced performance • Existing sensors have been improved for enhanced performance: – Inlet Guide Vane positioning – Emissions monitoring – Compressor flow – Bleed valve flow Advanced Monitoring & Diagnostics. All Rights Reserved. This improved capability will enable the Mark* VIe control system to improve performance and provide operators with unprecedented diagnostic and prognostic capabilities. ©2009 General Electric Company. 9 . The 7FA.05 version to support improved measurement accuracy for performance and operability as well as advanced prognostic capability leading to improved reliability and availability. V. Inlet Scaled for flow increase Cooling and Sealing Air Re-routed piping Exhaust Scaled for flow increase Gas Fuel System Scaled for fuel flow increase Oil Pumps Lube and hydraulic scaled for flow Figure 10.05 version incorporates new monitoring and diagnostics capabilities to help operators better characterize the operation of their gas turbines and determine the condition of key components. New and improved GE proprietary sensors have been added to the 7FA. without prior permission of the copyright owner. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. but key parameters such as the required fuel gas pressure and guaranteed noise level remain unchanged.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Enhanced Sensors. Gas Turbine Base Reconfigured for VSV/IGV accommodation *Mark is a trademark of the General Electric Company. Reference Plant Considerations The 7FA.05 version has minimal impact on customers’ existing 7FA reference plant designs. Minor changes are needed to accommodate the higher airflow. Reference plant design changes.

Minor modifications to the DLN2.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” VI. The 7FA. flexible machine.900+ 150+ 470+ 26K+ Technology Leveraged Materials All HGP Compressor / HGP Compressor Compressor Table 4. whereas a green shaded background signifies prior model experience. The casings accommodate an advanced Blade Health Monitoring (BHM) system for stages 1 through 3.6 combustor. based on the 6C and H platforms and built with GE Aviation compressor technology practices. Proven Technology and Experience The 7FA. A check mark signifies previous experience with the material used in the 7FA. The technologies chosen for the 7FA. dynamics and exit profiles for these minor modifications. operability. Combustion lab tests have demonstrated emissions. The airfoils utilize a three-dimensional aerodynamic configuration for improved efficiency.05 version have been demonstrated in other GE gas turbine platforms and leveraged for the 7FA.000+ 57. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. The rotor blades and wheels incorporate a circumferential dovetail that permits removing the blades without pulling the rotor from the casing. The compressor flow path has been configured to accommodate inlet conditioning with improved leading edge erosion tolerance.05 version will employ the proven DLN2. ©2009 General Electric Company. Combustion The 7FA. The rotor is bolted steel construction with two sets of durable concentric tie bolts specifically planned to improve the aerodynamic flow path. The compressor casing has been built to match the rotor and the existing DLN2. The first three stages of the compressor contain variable stator vanes that provide the gas turbine with a wider operating envelope.05 version builds upon the heritage of proven low risk technology from other GE platforms to achieve a more efficient.6 combustion system will be required for improved output and efficiency. durability. Upgraded fuel nozzles will allow for a higher fuel flow rate and the transition-piece cooling flow has been improved.000+ 32. enabling greater output. thereby improving maintainability. The airfoil design is based on the proven aerodynamic configuration of the 6C. without prior permission of the copyright owner.05 model version configured from GE experience base. The combustor has more than 12 million hours and 350.05 version as depicted in Table 4.000 starts of operational experience. Additional borescope holes have been included for enhanced inspection coverage. Table 5 identifies the major components of the compressor and how the technology was borrowed from other GE platforms.05 version technology consists of 14 stages specifically modeled for a higher flow rate.000+ 1+ Million Starts 850K+ 600K+ 5. Compressor GE's most advanced high efficiency compressor technology. 10 . has been incorporated into the new 7FA turbine.6 combustor interface. All Rights Reserved. 7FA.05 version. Platform B / EA 7 / 9FA 7 / 9FB 7 / 9H 6C GE10 Introduction ‘70s ’91 / ‘92 ’02 / ‘05 ’08 / ‘03 ‘05 ‘03 Units 1120 1170 43 6 2 254 Hours 32+ Million 30+ Million 190.

04 Hot Gas Path advancements.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Component VSVs Rotor Wheels Blades Casings Diffuser Bearings Comment 3 Variable Stator Vanes Bolted. without prior permission of the copyright owner. 2 Tie Bolt Rings Circumferential Dovetails Increased Stage Loading Match Rotor and DLN2. Noted features are: • Three-dimensional aerodynamics airfoil shapes for the stage 1 nozzle and stage 1 bucket improving efficiency • More efficient stage loading • Improved cooling and sealing for improved efficiency • Improved clearances for improved efficiency • Nominal Tfire increase that still remains well within the FA experience Materials.6 model TP cooling pattern adjusted for radial diffuser flow distribution DLN2. ©2009 General Electric Company.6 model DLN2. oxidation and creep. FB technology and experience have been used in the design. Component Liner / Flow Sleeve Transition Piece Caps End Cover Fuel Nozzles Comment DLN2.6 Hybrid Radial Flow Path Non-integral w/fwd Case B/E FA FB 6C  H        GE10                          = Materials experience.05 version capitalizes on the recent 7FA. 11 . The third stage and distance piece will utilize a 7F Syngas design. 7FA. thus supporting longer life and reduced repair costs. FB materials have been employed for the stage 1 nozzle and stage 1 bucket while H material has been used for the stage 2 nozzle. Green = model experience Table 5.04 version hardware to increase the flow passing capability. The higher temperature-capable materials still operating in FA firing temperatures will further improve the successful experience of the 7FA wear modes for low cycle fatigue. Green = model experience Table 6. The turbine casing remains unchanged. Configuration.05 version compressor model experience. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. All Rights Reserved. Turbine Section The turbine section of the 7FA. 7FA.6 model Fuel injection peg adjusted for higher fuel flow rate 6/7/9FA      Comment No change Minor mod No change No change Minor mod = Materials experience.05 version combustion model experience. The first and second stages of the turbine section will consist of minor modifications to the 7FA.

The first system to be tested in this facility will be the 7FA. South Carolina Combustion Laboratory prior to being incorporated into full unit system tests. This testing will utilize extensive instrumentation to demonstrate performance. aeromechanics. performance. Many of the components used in the 7FA. VII. This breadth of model. Other components. enable GE to perform comprehensive validation testing and pre-and post-test analyses. without prior permission of the copyright owner. Although the 7FA. including aeromechanics. The modified combustion system will be tested at the GE Greenville.000 hours before the first 7FA. 12 .6 combustion system and 7FA. and operational experience. such as the compressor diffuser.05 version turbine model experience. will be initially tested in test rigs at GE facilities prior to being incorporated into system level tests. off-frequency capability. As mentioned previously. GE recognizes that robust configurations depend upon a rigorous program to ensure all components are tested in the actual environments they will see in service.05 version employs proven technology. All Rights Reserved.05 version compressor. GE is the only gas turbine OEM that has the unique combination of aviation.05 version gas turbine prior to shipping the first commercial unit. Validation Plans The latest evolution of the 7FA gas turbine will be validated via a comprehensive program of component level. Using a unique and proprietary power train.05 version turbine section and perform a Full-Speed Full-Load test of the complete 7FA. coupled with the world-renowned capabilities of our Global Research Centers. Examples of this include the combustor transition piece and combustion liner. These components are expected to accumulate close to 20.05 version is put into commercial service. manufacturing.04 version 7FA. aeroderivative. which were introduced in 2006 and currently have more than 13. This validation approach will enable GE to fully characterize the 7FA. and surge line mapping.04 version 7F Syngas version B/E 7/9FA    7/9FB    6C    7/9H    GE10  = Materials experience.03 version turbine at a customer site in Asia. Green = model experience Table 7.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” Component Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Comment 7FA. A system level test of the turbine section hot gas path components was conducted in the first half of 2008 as a field retrofit of an existing 7FA. GE is constructing a unique Full-Speed Full-Load test facility at its Greenville facility. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. combustion dynamics. and heavy-duty gas turbines product lines. system level. and fleet level testing.9 million hours and 380 thousand starts. and dual-fuel capability. the DLN2. but in a laboratory setting. ©2009 General Electric Company.05 version DLN2. GE will combine the compressor with the 7FA.6 combustor has been slightly modified to accommodate higher mass flow. 7FA. Following characterization of the compressor.05 version under real-life conditions. Component Level Testing The first step of the validation testing program is component level testing.05 version have been field tested on a retrofit basis in existing 7FA.03 version machines. System Level Testing After component level tests are complete. system level tests are performed in order to fully understand interactions among components. GE will be able to fully characterize the performance of the compressor.

to develop the 7FA. and availability of the 7FA.05 version will undergo a battery of component level. The 7FA fleet has more units in service. GE has utilized the wealth of knowledge that comes from this F-class operating experience and combined it with technology from across GE’s broad portfolio of heavy-duty and aeroderivative gas turbines. This inspection program will consist of advanced Monitoring & Diagnostics. and has accumulated more operating hours and starts than any other F-class gas turbine.05 version to become part of GE’s ecomagination portfolio. South Carolina. culminating in a Full-Speed Full-Load test in a new state-of-the-art test facility being constructed at GE’s Greenville. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part. VIII. ©2009 General Electric Company. Minor changes are needed to accommodate the higher airflow and associated output. reliability. Conclusion GE’s 7FA is the most experienced F-class gas turbine in the world. gas turbine manufacturing and test center of excellence. 13 . without prior permission of the copyright owner. as well as GE’s aircraft engine models. GE’s commitment to the 7FA gas turbine is a testament to the confidence GE has in this industry workhorse to continue to serve the wide-ranging needs of its customers in an ever changing and extremely competitive segment. The 7FA. The improved performance and operational flexibility have enabled the 7FA. the 7FA. subsystem level. All Rights Reserved.05 version delivers increased output and efficiency. but in a laboratory setting. a rigorous internal and third-party environmental and operational evaluation.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” The final stage in the system level testing consists of precision performance testing as part of the normal commissioning activities and a fleet leader inspection program.05 version has been configured to have a minimal impact on existing customer reference plant designs. but does so without compromising the world-class operational flexibility. The 7FA. but key parameters such as the required fuel gas pressure and guaranteed noise level remain unchanged. both onsite and remotely.05 version under real-life conditions. This testing will enable GE to fully characterize the 7FA. Prior to delivering the first unit to a customer.05 version gas turbine. coupled with a program of enhanced borescope inspections designed to be as unobtrusive to customer plant operations as possible. and system level tests. which are of course highly valued in today’s competitive power generation segment.

7FA.The 7FA Gas Turbine: “A Classic Reimagined” List of Figures Figure 1. Table 3. Figure 7. Enhanced borescope inspection. Table 2. All Rights Reserved.05 version turbine model experience. 7FA model naming progression. all rights reserved: SPS®. Figure 8. 7FA.05 version compressor model experience. without prior permission of the copyright owner. GE F-class operational experience. Combined-cycle efficiency. peak).05 version combustion model experience. Figure 10.05 version configured from GE experience base. Figure 3. 14 . Table 7. Removable compressor rotor blades. 7FA duty cycle for 2008 (base load. Simple-cycle gas turbine efficiency. Figure 9. Figure 4. 7FA gas turbine turndown comparison. cyclic. Simple-cycle gas turbine output. Reference plant model changes. Figure 6. References Availability & Reliability Source: ORAP®. Combined-cycle gas turbine output. Figure 2. 7F performance evolution. Table 6. List of Tables Table 1. Gas turbine turndown. ©2009 General Electric Company. 7FA. 7FA. Figure 5. Table 5. Table 4. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part.

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©2009. GEA17911 (10/2009) . All rights reserved. General Electric Company.