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KJIYQHM3EOPOBM

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CYBepeHHTeT; He~eJIHB, HeoTyfHB CYBepeHHTeT; CYBepeHHTeT Ha rpafaHHTe. H HenpeHOCJIHB

1. 3Ha'leJl.e
CyBepeHHTeTOT3Ha~H ~eKa HeKoj cy6jeKT e HajBHcoK (BpBeH), He3aBHCeH,CaMOCTOeH, Ha~MOKeH.Bo OAHOC HerO, CHTe ~pyrH ce noHa HHCKH 3aBHCHH. H OBoj nOHMHMa IIIHpOKa ynoTpe6a. CenaK, Haj3Ha~ajHo e HerOBOTO Bp3YBalbe 3a nOJIHTH~KHTe nojaBH, a npe~ ce 3a ~p)KaBHaTa BJIaCT.Bo DRaa CMHCJIa, ~p)KaBHaTa BJIaCTe BpBHa H HeorpaHH~eHa jaBHa BJIaCT o~pe~eHa TepHTopHja. Ha Bo ~JIeH1 CTaB1 o~ Y CTaBOT, Peny6JIHKa MaKe~oHHja e onpe~eJIHa KaKO CY8epeHa, caMocTojHa, ~eMoKpaTcKa H coQHjaJIHa~p)KaBa,a BO CTaB 2 ce BeJIH: "CyBepeHHTeToT Ha Peny6JIHKa MaKe~oHHja e He~eJIHB, HeoTytHB H HenpeHOCJIHB",co IIITO cYBepeHHTeToTce onpe~eJIYBa KaKO 6HTHa KapaKTepHcTHKa Ha MaKe~OHCKaTa ~p)KaBa Ha BHaTpeIlleH nJIaH (BHaTpeIIIeH cYBepeHHTeT) H Ha MetYHapo~eH nJIaH (Ha~BopeIlleH cyBepeHHTeT).

2. nOTeKJIO H 06JIH"H
llOJIHTHqKaTa MHCJIa ce 3aHHMaBa co CYBepeHHTeTOT O~ CaMOTO HaCTaHYBalbe Ha ~p)KaBaTa -HajlIpBo BO paMKHTe Ha <lJHJIO3o<lJHjaTa, a IIOToa H BO YCTaBHOTO IIpaBO, MefyHapO~HOTO jaBHo IIpaBO, HcTopHjaTa Ha IIpaBOTO, IIOJIHTHQKaTa CO~HOJIOrHja, IIOJIHTHQKHOTCHCTeMH ~p. HHKYJI~HTe Ha TeopHjaTa Ha CYBepeHHTeTOT rH HaoraMe BO CTapHOT ErHlIeT, BO TpeTHOT MHJIeHHYMIIp.H.e., KaKO ~eJI O~ YQelbeTO 3a CO~HjaJIHaTa IIHpaMH~a. Ha BpBOT e 6or, IIO~ Hero e <lJapaoHoT, lIa raTaQHTe (BpaQeBHTe), 3eMjo~eJI~HTe H po60BHTe. Bo aHTHQKaTa rpQKa MHCJIa, llJIaTOH rH o~pe~YBa <lJHJIO3ocl>HTe 3a HOCHTeJIHHa CYBepeHaTa ~p)KaBHa BJIaCT, HO IIO~O~Ha OBaa cl>YHK~Hja ja Bp3YBa 3a 3aKOHHTe. ClIope~ ApHCTOTeJI, CYBepeHaTa BJIaCTBO ~p)KaBaTa MY IIpHlIara Ha 3aKOHOT. Bo CTapHOT PHM ~apCKaTa BJIaCT e HajBHcoKa BJIaCT (autocritas). Taa e H3BopHa H He3aBHCHa BO OAHOC ~pyrHTe BJIaCTH. Ha Bo cpe~HHOT BeK ~pKBaTa H ~p)KaBaTa ce 60paT 3a IIpHMaT. <I>ey~aJIH3MOTHe e lIoro~eH 3a pa3Boj Ha TeopHjaTa Ha CYBepeHHTeTOT Ha ~p)KaBHaTa BJIaCT, 3aToa IlITO <lJey~aJIHaTa ~p)KaBa e OIIKp~eHa co Ha~BopellIHH H co BHaTpellIHH HelIpHjaTeJIH. )KaH Eo~eH e IIpBHOT TeOpeTHQap Ha TeopHjaTa Ha CYBepeHHTeTOT. ClIope~ Hero, e~HHCTBeHO MOHapXOT, BO Koj e OJIH~eTBOpeHa ~eJIOKynHaTa ~p)KaBHa BJIaCT, e IIpaBHO HeorpaHJfqeH. HerOBaTa BJIaCT IIpOH3JIerYBa O~ 6ora H e HeorpaHHQeHa, e~HHCTBeHa, Heo~rOBopHa, IIOCTOjaHa H HeoTyrHBa. Taa ce COCTOH O~: ~OHeCYBalbe 3aKOHH, HMeHYBalbe Ha

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HajBHcoKH ~p)KaBHH CJI~6eHHQH, nOMHJIYBaH>e, O~aHOqynaH>e, KOBaH>e napH H nOKOpYBaH>e nO~aHHQHTe. Ha ToMac Xo6c cnata BO pe~OT Ha TeOpeTHqapHTeHa CYBepeHHTeTOT Ha MOHapXOT. Bo 18 BeK, a oco6eHO BO npe~eqepjeTo Ha <l>paHQYCKaTa 6yp)KOaCKapeBOJIYQHja, ~OMHHHpa H~ejaTa3a HapO~HHOT CYBepeHHTeT. Hej3HH HajHcTaKHaTnpeTCTaBHHK )KaH )KaK PyCO. TeopHjaTa Ha e HapO~HHOT CYBepeHHTeT CMeTa~eKa HOCHTeJI CYBepeHaTa Ha BJIaCT Hae pO~OT, a He MOHapXOT. Cnope~ Hea, cynepeHHTeTOTe HeoTytHBO, He~eJIHBO Hepa3~eJIHOCBOjCTBO HapO~OT. H Ha HapO~HHOTCYBepeHHTeT OCTBapYBa ce npe~ ce npeKY 06JIHQHTe Ha Henocpe~HaTa (~HpeKTHa) ~eMoKpaTHja. CenaK, Pyco ,nO~OQHa ~onyIlITa, no~ o~pe~eHH YCJIOBH, BpIlIeH>eHa cynepeHHTeTOTO~ CTpaHa Ha npeTCTaBHHQH npeTCTaBHHqKO H TeJIO (QeHTpaJIHanoJIo)K6a Ha co6paHHeTO, onIlITO H36HpaqKO npaBO, qeCTH H36oPH, 3a6paHa 3a peH36op, ~aBaH>e HHCTPYKQHH npeTCTaBHHQHTe CJI.). Ha H HapO~HHOT cynepeHHTeT H ~eMoKpaTHjaTa ce ~Be CTpaHHHa e~Ha HCTanojaBa. UeMC Epajc BeJIH~eKa "HapO~HHOT CYBepeHHTeT JIO3HHKa e Ha ~eMoKpaTHjaTa". Bo reTHc6ypIlIKaTa nopaKa o~ 1863 rO~HHa A6paxaM nHHKOJIH Ke peqe: "AeMoKpaTHjaTa e BJIa~eeH>e Hapo~oT, o~ H&PO~OT 3a HapoHa H ~OT".
Ce pa36Hpa, J:l;OCeramHaTa npaKTHKa Ha npHMeHaTa Ha HapOJ:l;HHOT CYBepeHHTeT e BJIaJ:l;eelbe Ha MH03HHCTBOTO. BJIaJ:l;eelbeTO Ha MH03HHCTBOTO, KaKO 06JIHK Ha OCTBapYBalbe Ha HapOJ:l;HHOT CYBepeHHTeT, MO)J{e J:l;a 6HJ:I;e J:l;eMOKpaTHjacaMO aKa e 3amTHTeHO MaJIQHHCTBOTO. llOJIHTHtJKHOT nJIypaJIH3aM, CJI060J:l;HHTeH q,ep H360PH, nOJIHTHtJKHTe CJI060J:l;HH npaBaTa Ha rpataHHTe, pa3BHeHOTOjaBHo MHCJIelbe H HHCTHTYQHOHaJIH3HpaHaTa on03HQHja ce YCJIOBH 6e3 KOH BJIaCTa Ha MHO3HHCTBOTO MO)J{e J:l;a He 6HJ:I;e J:l;eMOKpaTHja. 11 noKpaj mHpOKaTa 3aCTaneHOCTHa CYBepeHHTeTOT BO rOJIeM 6poj YCTaBH BO CBeTOT, KaKO H nOpaJ:l;HoncTojYBalbeTO Ha TpaJ:l;HQHOHaJIHHOT KOHQenT 3a CYBepeHHTeTOT, TOj e ocnopYBaH OJ:l; rOJIeM 6poj COQHOJI03H, nOJIHTHKOJI03H (KOHT) H npaBHH TeopeTHtJapH (AHrH, KeJI3eH, JIacKH). Bo YCJIOBH nJIypaJIH3aM (BHaTpemeH H MetYHapOJ:l;eH), pa3JIHtJHH Ha BHJ:I;OBH MetYHapOJ:l;HH aCOQHjaQHH H HHTerpaQHH, KaKO H MetYHapOJ:l;eH npaBeH nOpeJ:l;OK, jacHo e J:l;eKa CYBepeHHTeTOT He e anCOJIYTHa KaTeropHja.

3. Y CTaBOT Peny6JIHKa MaKe.r.OHHjaH CYBepeHHTeTOT Ha
Cnope):( Y CTaBOT Ha Peny6JIHKa MaKe):(OHHja 0):( 1991 rO):(HHa, "cy, "" BepeHHTeTOT npOH3JIerYBa 0):( rparaHHTe H HM npHnara Ha rparaHHTe

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(qJIeH 2 CTaB 1). Co OBa ce acpHpMHpa TeopHjaTa 3a rparaHcKHoT cyBepeHHTeT, 3aToa llITO H3BOpOT Ha BJIaCTa e BO noe~HHeQOT, a He BO KOJIeKTHBHTeTOT. IIapaJIeJIHO co OCHOBHaTaonpe~eJI6a 3a rparaHCKH cyBepeHHTeT, BO H3MeHeTaTa npeaM6YJIa Ha Y CTaBOTHa PM ~oara ~o H3pa3 ~BOjCTBoTO Ha rparaHcKHoT H Ha noBeKeHaQHoHaJIHHOT cYBepeHHTeT npeKY <popMYJIaQHjaTa: "rparaHHTe Ha Peny6JIHKa MaKe~oHHja, MaKe~OHCKHOTHapo~, KaKO H rparaHHTe KOH )KHBeaT BO Hej3HHHTe rpaHHQH a ce ~eJI O~ aJI6aHCKHOT Hapo~, TypCKHOT Hapo~, BJIallIKHOT Hapo~, cpnCKHOT Hapo~, pOMCKHOTHapo~, 6011IH>aQKHOT Hapo~ H ~pyrHTe...". CO)KHBOTOT KaKO e~Ha O~ QeJIHTe Ha KOHCTHTYHpaH>eTO Peny6Ha JIHKa MaKe~oHHja, HCTO TaKa, HMnJIHQHpa ~BoeH KapaKTep Ha cYBepeHHTeTOT. KOHQenQHjaTa Ha nOBeKeHaQHOHaJIeH CYBepeHHTeT e npHCYTHa H
BO:

o~pe~6HTe O~ lIJIeH 7 Ha Y CTaBOT, cnope~ KOHCJI~6eH ja3HK e MaKe~oHcKHOT,HO H ~pyr ja3HK InTO ro 36opYBaaT HajMaJIKY 20% o~ rpafaHHTe; BO HHayrypHpalf>eTOHa ,,3ae~HH~HTe" (lIJIeH 8 CTaB2, lIJIeH 48, lIJIeH 56, lIJIeH 69 CTaB lIJIeH 77 CTaB 2, 1,lIJIeH 78, lIJIeH86 CTaB 2, lIJIeH 104 CTaB2, lIJIeH 109 CTaB2, lIJIeH 114 CTaB5 H lIJIeH 131 CTaB 4). BCYInHOCT,cTaHYBa 36op 3a 6HHa~HOHaJIeHcYBepeHHTeT, H3pa3eH npeKY Bp3YBalf>eHa ~PyrHoT CJI~6eH ja3HK 3a 20% o~ rpafaHHTe, 6pojKa InTO e ~OCTH)KHa CaMO aJI6aHCKaTa 3a 3ae~HH~a, KaKO H npeKY COCTaBOT KOMHTeTOT3a O~HOCH Ha Mefy 3ae~HH~HTe(CeiJ.YM MaKe~OH~H,Ce~YM AJI6aH~H H no e~eH O~ ~pyrHTe 3ae~HH~H).

llP AIlIAH>A:
1.

2.3. Ka~e

IIITO ce no~pa36Mpa no~ CYBepeHMTeT? ce HMKYJI~MTe TeopMjaTa 3a CyBepeHMTeTOT? Ha IIITO e CYlliTMHaTa KOH~en~MjaTa HapO~HMOT Ha Ha CYBepeHMTeT?

Ha 4. KaKo ce Onpe~eJIYBaCYBepeHMTeTOT PM BOqJIeH1 CTaB2 o~ Y CTaBOT PM? Ha

5. O~ Ka~e M3BMpa KOMYMYnpMnara CYBepeHMTeTOT M cnope~
6.
qJIeH2 CTaB o~ Y CTaBOT PM? 1 Ha ~aJIM DOCTOR anCOJIYTeH CYBepeHMTeT?

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