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Suspension and Steering Diagnosis

WVEIS Code 1637

This course will introduce students to the basic fundamental skills, technology, and service of automotive suspension and steering systems.

Standard 1: Perform steering systems diagnosis and repair. (1637.S.1)
Steering Systems Diagnosis and Repair Objectives Students will: 1637.1.1 Disable supplemental restraint system (SRS) in accordance with manufacturer’s procedures. 1637.1.2 Diagnose steering column noises, looseness, and binding problems (including tilt mechanisms); determine needed repairs. 1637.1.3 Diagnose power rack and pinion and non-rack and pinion steering gear binding, uneven turning effort, looseness, hard steering, steering gear vibration, and fluid leakage problems: determine needed repairs. 1637.1.4 Inspect and replace steering shaft universal-joint(s), flexible coupling(s), collapsible column, lock cylinder mechanism, and steering wheel. 1637.1.5 Adjust manual or power non-rack and pinion worm gear bearing pre-load and sector lash. 1637.1.6 Remove and replace manual or power rack and pinion steering gear; inspect mounting bushings and brackets. 1637.1.7 Disassemble, inspect, repair, and reassemble rack and pinion steering gear. 1637.1.8 Adjust manual or power rack and pinion steering gear. 1637.1.9 Inspect and replace manual or power rack and pinion steering gear inner tie rod ends (sockets) and bellows boots. 1637.1.10 Inspect manual and power steering fluid levels and condition. Flush, fill, and bleed power steering system. Inspect, replace, and adjust power steering pump belt. 1637.1.11 Diagnose power steering fluid leakage; determine needed repairs. 1637.1.12 Remove, inspect, and replace power steering pump, pump mounts, pump seals, and gaskets. Remove, inspect, and replace power steering pump pulley and check alignment. 1637.1.13 Perform power steering system pressure test; determine needed repairs. Inspect and replace power steering hoses and fittings. 1637.1.14 Inspect and replace pitman arm, relay (centerlink/intermediate) rod, idler arm and mountings, and steering linkage damper. Inspect, replace, and adjust tie ends (sockets), tie rod sleeves, and clamps. 1637.1.15 Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair or replace components of electronically-controlled steering systems. 1637.1.16 Diagnose, inspect, repair or replace components of variable-assist steering systems.

Standard 2: Perform diagnosis and repair of front suspensions. (1637.S.2)
Diagnosis and Repair of Front Suspensions Objectives Students will: 1637.2.1 Diagnose short and long arm suspension system noises, body sway, and uneven riding height problems; determine needed repairs. 1637.2.2 Diagnose MacPherson strut suspension system noises, body sway, and uneven riding height problems; determine needed repairs. Remove, inspect, and replace ball joints on strut suspension systems. 1637.2.3 Remove, inspect, and replace MacPherson strut cartridge or assembly, strut coil spring, insulators, and upper strut bearing mount. 1637.2.4 Remove, inspect, replace upper and lower control arms, bushings, shafts, and rebound bumpers. Remove, inspect, and replace steering knuckle assemblies. 1637.2.5 Remove, inspect, replace and adjust strut (compression/tension) rods and bushings. 1637.2.6 Remove, inspect, and replace upper and lower ball joints on short and long arm suspension systems. 1

S. inspect. (1637.3 Center steering wheel.5. inspect.3 Diagnose. and hub run-out.1 Inspect. and replace coil springs and spring insulators. (1637. 1637. determine needed repairs. .1637.2 Remove. SAI (steering axis inclination) and determine needed repairs. and remount tire on wheel.4 Diagnose tire pull (lead) problem.6.5) Wheel Alignment Objectives Students will: 1637. toe. adjust. 1637.6. leaf spring insulators (silencers).S.6) Wheels and Tires Objectives Students will: 1637.7 Remove. shimmy.4. determine needed repairs. determine needed repairs. pull. bump steer. 1637.5. and replace MacPherson strut cartridge or assembly.10 Lubricate suspension and steering systems. Balance wheel and tire assembly (static and dynamic).8 Remove.9 Remove.2 Diagnose wheel/tire vibrations. and adjust suspension system torsion bars. 1637. 1637. check and adjust air pressure.4) Miscellaneous Services Objectives Students will: 1637. torque lug nuts.4. repair.5. and links. Standard 5: Perform diagnosis and adjust wheel alignment. torque steer.6. Reinstall wheel. Standard 6: Perform diagnosis and repair of wheels and tires.4. and replace leaf springs. inspect. Diagnose tire wear patters and determine needed repairs. 1637. inspect. Standard 4: Demonstrate miscellaneous services.5.5. and noise problems. inspect. inspect.2.5 Check for front wheel setback.6 Check front cradle (sub-frame) alignment. memory steer. replace. inspect and replace transverse links. Rotate tires according to manufacturer’s recommendations.1 Diagnose vehicle wander. inspect. and mounts.3. 1637. and mounts.2.3.S.S. and steering return problems. bushings. 1637. tire.3 Measure wheel. 1637. (1637. and replace short and long arm suspension system coil springs and spring insulators. (1637. ride height. brackets. control arms.1 Inspect tires. and insulators (silencers). inspect.3.6. caster. hard steering. drift.3. and service or replace front and rear wheel bearings. and replace stabilizer bar bushings. bushings. shackles. 1637.1 Remove. 1637.6. determine needed repairs. 1637. 1637. 1637. brackets. inspect mounts. inspect.3) Rear Suspensions Objectives Students will: 1637.2 Remove.4 Remove. Standard 3: Perform diagnosis and repair of rear suspensions. determine corrective actions. determine needed repairs.4 Check rear wheel thrust angle. axle.2. determine needed repairs. 1637. 1637.5.2. strut coil spring. repair or replace components of electronically-controlled suspension systems. and replace shock absorbers. remove.2 Check and adjust front and rear wheel camber. 1637.5 Dismount.3 Remove.