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All orders entered using this guide must state actual fluid, fluid pressure, fluid concentration, and fluid temperature of the application. Actual fluid is extremely important when elastomer options are specified because other substitutions may be required. ASCO valves are available to control many acids, alcohols, bases, solvents, and corrosive gases and liquids. Modified or special designs are sometimes required, depending upon the application. Corrosion occurs either as a chemical or electrochemical reaction. Therefore, consideration must be given to both the galvanic and electromotive force series, as well as to pressure, temperature, and other factors that might be involved in the application.

Engineering Information Material Selection
This guide provides information on types of valves that are available for most common corrosive and noncorrosive gases and liquids. For applications in which abnormal conditions exist and for other fluids, consult your local ASCO office, giving full details on operating conditions. This guide is not intended as a specific recommendation; factors beyond our control could affect valve operation or materials.

Material Selection Guide for Commonly Used Fluids

General Information on Elastomer Materials Frequently Used in ASCO Valves
NBR (Buna ‘N’, Nitrile) NBR is commonly referred to as a nitrile rubber and is the standard synthetic elastomer for accomplishing resilient-type seating or sealing in ASCO valves. It has excellent compatibility for most air, water, and light oil applications. It has a useful temperature range of 0°F to 180°F (-18°C to 82°C) CR (Neoprene) CR is principally used as an external seal in refrigeration applications. It is also utilized for oxygen service. It has a useful temperature range of 0°F to 180°F (-18°C to 82°C) EPDM (Ethylene Propylene) EPDM is selected for applications above the NBR temperature range, such as handling hot water and steam. Ethylene propylene has an extremely wide range of fluid compatibility, but has the distinct disadvantage that it cannot be used with petroleum-based fluids or contaminated fluids (such as lubricated air). It has a useful temperature range of -10°F to 300°F (-23°C to 149°C). FKM (Viton*/Fluorel**, etc.) FKM is a fluorocarbon elastomer primarily developed for handling such hydrocarbons as jet fuels, gasolines, solvents, etc., which normally cause detrimental swelling to NBR. FKM has a high temperature range similar to EPDM, but with the advantage of being somewhat more resistant to “dry heat.” FKM has a wide range of chemical compatibility. It has a useful temperature range of 0°F to 350°F (-18°C to 177°C). PTFE (Teflon*, Rulon) PTFE and PTFE with fillers are considered more a plastic than a resilient-type material. They are virtually unattacked by any fluid. Their temperature usage has ranged from discs for cryogenic valves to discs for steam valves. They are not easily fabricated and are known to have “cold flow” characteristics which may contribute to objectionable leakage, particularly on gases. Other materials referred to in this catalog CA (Acetal, Celcon, Delrin) FFKM (Methyl tertiary-butyl) FMQ (Fluorosilicone) HYT (Hytrel) MTBE (Methyl tertiary-butyl ether) PA (Nylon, Zytel) PA+FV (Polyamide) PE (Polyethylene) PP (Polypropylene) PPS (Polyphenelyne Sulfide, Ryton) PUR (Polyurethane) UR (Urethane) VMQ (Silicone)
* DuPont Co. trademark ** 3m trademark

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brake fluids. Standard catalog aluminum and brass valves used in connection with welding equipment. use Series 8264. Also a “propane. 85. Butane One of the principal LP gases.9% solid. Special construction required. PTFE or metal seated valves also used. Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) For gas pressures below 100 psi. Used as fuel for household and See Catalog 102B for other industrial purposes. 56. use standard valves with NBR discs. A flammable wood alcohol used in automotive antifreeze.” Automatic or semiautomatic dispensing equipment. Standard resilient seated catalog valves with FKM seating.” refrigerant and a propellant in aerosol cans. Diaphragm valves must be equipped with FKM parts. Glacial 99. silver. It is a general solvent and dry-cleaning medium. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. Argon Diesel Fuel Benzene. applications and telephone lines Refer to Long-Life Solenoid where moisture and oil cannot Valve Constructions. Used in Standard resilient seated permanent antifreeze solutions. Standard catalog designs with EPDM elastomers. Standard catalog brass valves with PTFE or FKM discs. 70. flammable liquid with Standard catalog valves with mint-like odor. Fluids Acetic Acid Qualifying Service Information Standard strengths of water solution are: 28. or stainless steel valves. or NBR elastomers only. Consult local ASCO office. and other organic materials. and alloys containing more than 66% copper are not suitable. to metals. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. Other uses include: for cleaning and bleaching. Mainly used as a metal degreasing agent. (Benzol) Ethylene Glycol (Ethylene Alchohol) “Prestone” Also known as glycol. radiator antifreeze and rocket fuel. Most sources of air carry lubrication from pumps and other equipment. Acetone Colorless. Metal seated valves also used. See “Natural” and “Manufactured Gas. Acetic Acid. use stainless steel Type 316 Normally Closed valve with EPDM elastomers. Its fumes are highly toxic and should be handled in well-ventilated areas. aviation. Solvent used for waxes. especially cleaned to avoid contamination. as a fire extinguisher and inert atmosphere in welding equipment. Specify aluminum shading coil. Ethyl (Denatured Alcohol) Chlorine has a powerful Use appropriate ball valve with suffocating odor and is strongly ASCO 3 or 4 way auxiliary air corrosive to organic tissues and pilot valve. Standard catalog items with metal-to-metal seating. A colorless. and for producing other chemicals. Standard catalog aluminum. Trademark for a solvent which is commonly used in ultrasonic degreasers for removing oil. Others are directly lubricated in lines.20 .” “TF. etc. and as a dye solvent. valves with FKM elastomers. Specify aluminum shading coil. Soluble in water EPDM elastomers. but it is also used for the manufacture of many chemicals. Also used as an inert shielding gas in welding equipment. Also. The valves must be free of contaminants when filling incandescent lamps. Do not use bar stock brass valves. Used in industrial refrigeration and refrigeration of foods and carbonated beverages.4 Engineering Information Material Selection Material Selection Guide for Commonly Used Fluids Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) For solutions of 40% or less. or PTFE disc and gasket. Also employed as a fuel or for blending with gasoline or other fuels. where high purity of liquid is essential. Coal Gas) Coolant Oil Flammable gas used in Standard steel or stainless steel domestic and industrial heating. Also used in fire extinguishers. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. general solvent. Stainless Steel construction with aluminum shading coil and CR elastomers are required. gas thermometers. “Freon®” Solvents “MF. Petroleum oil used as fuel for diesel engines. If moisture is present. Unlubricated Used in instrument air Special constructions required. Used in refrigeration. Also used as a catalog valves. City Gas Alcohol. Acetylene Carbon Tetrachloride Also known as (“Carbona”) tetrachloromethane. Lubricated (Shop Air) Standard resilient seated catalog valves. Most other applications require stainless steel valves. Use appropriate ball valve with ASCO 3 or 4 way auxiliary air pilot valve. 98%. Presence of slight trace of water moisture can be harmful to brass. A grain alcohol commonly used Standard resilient seated as solvent. Chlorine Air (or Gas). especially designed for this service. Usually contain suspended solids. For synthetic diester lubricating oils. and rocket fuel. catalog valves. luminescent tubes. common grease. Standard catalog valves with FKM. and in chemical processing. Add suffix and ether. Oil used in automatic screw Consult your local ASCO office. resins. Add suffix “T” or “V” to catalog number. for etching aluminum. copper.” and “BF” 11. Add prefix “X” and suffix “J” to catalog number. Above 100 psi. For FDA approved elastomers. PTFE or metal seated valves also used. 80. rubber. however. Methyl (Methanol) Coffee Ammonia (Anhydrous or Dissociated) Coke Oven Gas (Bench Gas. Fluids Carbon Dioxide (Gas or Liquid) (CO2) Qualifying Service Information Also known as carbonic anhydride.” One of the phosphate ester lubricating fluids which are fire resistant. Caustic Soda Cellulube See “Sodium Hydroxide. “E” to catalog number. Air. be tolerated. use Stainless Steel designs. Stainless steel or plastic valves. Uses include: for bleaching textiles and paper pulp. and dirt on metal or plastic parts. Standard catalog constructions. FKM seals may be required. highly flammable gas used for welding and flame cutting of metals. Dry. machines and related equipment as cutting oils or coolants. Specify AP-1-005. Alcohol. consult your local ASCO office. brass.

Also known as sodium thiosulfate or hypo. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. barometers. and in many other applications. See “Propane. For fire-resistant hydraulic oils. Lubricating or Motor Helium Hydraulic Oil An inert gas used in heat treating. and nitric acid vapors are very difficult to handle. soft drinks and flavoring syrups. Use NBR or FKM elastomers. and welding. Standard resilient seated catalog valves with soft seats.” Used in conjunction with various fuels in furnaces. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. ovens. Add suffix “N” to catalog number. A highly flammable gas when exposed to air. Nitric Acid-White Fuming Nitrogen Oils. 5. For white fuming acid. Special piston valves available. Refer to Combustion Systems Catalog 102B. 11. and cushioning foams. use appropriate ball valve with ASCO pilot. Used in pickling and rustproofing metals. Some jet fuels contain substantial quantities of aromatics which affect most synthetic rubbers. Perchloroethylene Used as a dry-cleaning solvent (Tetrachloroethylene) and in vapor degreasing “Perk” equipment. One of the principal LP gases commonly used in grain dryer applications. An inert gas used in heat treating. For concentration of up to 20% and temperatures of 100°F. lamps. and heat treating. specially cleaned to avoid contamination with hydrocarbons. Contact with hydrocarbons will result in spontaneous combustion.). Common motor oils known as SAE oils and synthetic lube oils.” and “Skydrol. Nitrogen. Also known as orthophosphoric acid. purging. and Oxygen Manufactured Gas Mercury Photographic Solutions Potassium Sulfate Refine coke oven gas used in city applications. 2. These fuels are used in jet engines and are petroleum products. Used in fertilizers. Engineering Information Material Selection Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) Fluids Nitric Acid (aqua fortis or azotic acid) Nitric Acid-Red Fuming Qualifying Service Information Normally. A nonflammable gas. Special construction required. and extrusion presses. Red fuming is more than 86% nitric acid. refer to Shielded Core valves.21 . Add suffix “E” to catalog number. Refer to Combustion Systems Catalog 102B. Maximum temperature at which we can offer valve is 100°F. For low pressure. paint removers. FKM.” “Pydraul. Refrigerants require special (chlorofluorocarbon) as blowing agents in the selection of elastomers. Propane Gas Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) “Pydraul” (Monsanto) Naphtha Natural Gas Common heating fuel. For others. For low pressure. Standard resilient seated catalog valves. Add suffix “T” to catalog number. purging. forging. combustion. and welding. Metal seated valves also used. PTFE and metal seated valves also used. concentrations are 60% nitric and 40% water. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. Standard catalog valves with FKM elastomers. Standard catalog valve constructions with FKM elastomers. use 300 series stainless steel with ethylene propylene. Used in automatic welding machines. Metal seated valves also used. Uses: mercury cells and other electrical apparatus. preheating. CFC CFCs are used as refrigerants. cutting torches. Use stainless steel body. etc. welding. and low concentrations (20% max. 1. Petroleum base only — Standard resilient seated viscosity usually 50 SSU or 300 catalog valves. Standard catalog valves for 300 SSU maximum. thermometers. mercury vapor boilers. small flow. Standard catalog valves with EPDM elastomers. or extraction of plasticizers. These can be handled with all stainless steel valves.” Also known as muriatic acid. White fuming. as cleaning agents for metal and electronic components. packaging. Do not use diaphragm valves. Standard catalog items with FKM elastomers. consult your local ASCO office for elastomer selection. as well as pharmaceuticals. Metal body valves with FKM or CR elastomers. A coal-tar solvent. LP Gas Liquid Natural Gas. and air compressors. Standard resilient seated catalog valves. A trademark for a series of fireresistant hydraulic fluids. Corrosive chemical. It is a flammable liquid. consult your ® local ASCO office. Usually Refer to Combustion Systems preheated to 135°F or more for Catalog 102B. and a bottled gas for heating and cooking. Refer to Combustion Systems Catalog 102B. Consult your local ASCO office. Consult your local ASCO office with application details. or NBR elastomers. SSU. PTFE or metal seated valves also used. small flow. For higher SSU. Used in lacquers. Also in aluminum and glass manufacturing.4 Fluids Fuel Oil (Light) Nos. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. etc. cements and adhesives.5% acid. Special or high-test gasolines have additives or aromatics that affect synthetic rubber by excessive swell. and a maximum concentration of 20%. Most metals corrode sufficiently to cause solution contamination. hydraulic presses. Phosphoric Acid Kerosene Standard catalog valve with FKM elastomers. 3 Fuel Oil (Heavy) Nos. CFCs contain chlorine and have been targeted by the EPA to be phased out. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. Special construction required. Use an appropriate ball valve with ASCO 3 or 4 way auxiliary air pilot valve. 6 Gasoline Qualifying Service Information “Distillate” petroleum oil used in Refer to Combustion Systems combustion applications without Catalog 102B. refer to Shielded Core Valves. Consult your local ASCO office. Refer to Combustion Systems Catalog 102B. If MTBE additive is present in gasoline. Standard stainless steel catalog valves. see “Cellulube. Generally used as a solvent for cleaning purpose and as a heating fuel. For FKM elastomer. add suffix “V” to catalog number. Gas Hydrochloric Acid Hydrogen Jet Fuels (JP1 through 8). Oxygen. Heavy “Bunker” fuel oil. For compressor service involving refrigerants. Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) Stainless steel valves with aluminum shading coil and PTFE disc. Refer to Cryogenic Valves. similar to kerosene. ® “Freon ” manufacture of insulation. then use FFKM elastomers. PTFE or metal seated valves also used. which is pure to 97. 4. Standard catalog items with FKM elastomers. Also used in diecasting machines. consult your local ASCO office. Refrigerants. Valve must be mounted upside down.

a FKM elastomers. if dry. Water. Add suffix rubber solvent and reclaiming “V” to catalog number. Stainless steel valves with EPDM elastomers. Trichloroethylene (“Carbona” or “TRIAD”) Turpentine Vacuum Vegetable Oils Vinegar 11. Standard resilient seated catalog valves. Add tar solvents. For FDA approved elastomers. noncombustible. Standard brass catalog valves. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. and high octane gasolines. sometimes called deionized water. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. See “Coke Oven Gas. A coal-tar solvent. etc. such as peanut valves. Solvent or thinner for paints. Toluene (Toluol) Also called methyl benzene or Standard catalog valves with methyl benzol. Fluids Water. It is a flammable liquid. Metal and PTFE seated valves also used. local ASCO office. Consult your must be considered. For FDA approved oils. Stainless steel or PTFE seated valves also used. If moisture is present. and a concentration of up to 60%. It is used for pickling and cleaning metals in electric batteries and in plating baths. Edible oils extracted from seeds. Sea. Below 200°F. Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) Standard stainless steel catalog valves with FKM elastomers. Standard catalog designs suitable to temperatures listed in catalog. Stainless steel or plastic valves should then be selected. Brackish Difficult to handle due to galvanic corrosion. Refer to Vacuum Valves. use FKM elastomers (add Adequate ventilation required. erosion and water hammer applications. which has various degrees of dissolved carbon dioxide or oxygen. Brine. Sulfuric Acid Water. which is slightly acidic. Solutions range between 50% and 73% commercial. Water. or plants. The liquid is volatile. Temperature is normally high to boiling point. for making explosives and fertilizers. Water. Standard resilient seated catalog fruits. coatings. High Pressure When handling water above 500 Special designs for car wash psi. For low pressure. Also see Series 8210 and 8222 Hot Water Service listings.4 Fluids Refrigerants. Stoddard Solvent This is a dry-cleaning solvent of Standard catalog items. refer to Shielded Core Valves. elastomers. Trademark for fire-resistant jet aircraft hydraulic fluid. consult your local ASCO office. consult your local ASCO office. use stainless steel. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. also in textile processing. Consult your local ASCO office. Add suffix “E” to catalog number. Aerated water. consult your local ASCO office. Distilled or Deionized Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda) Used in pulp and paper industry. Contains no chlorine. highly corrosive liquid oxidizing organic materials and most metals. Use suffix “E” on all others. Use an appropriate ball valves with ASCO 3 or 4 way auxiliary air pilot valve. suffix “V” to catalog number). Included in detergents and soap. cottonseed oils. will cause seat erosion by process known as dezincification. etc. and lacquers. PTFE or metal seated valves also used. neutral and free from contaminants. A purified water. Stainless steel or PTFE seated valves also used. agent. etc. One of the coal.FKM disc and gasket. For temperatures exceeding those listed. Hot Water above 200°F: Often flashes to steam due to regulators or other line restrictions. Fresh Sour Gas Steam Condensate Brass valves suitable with EPDM elastomers. but very toxic. HFC (hydrofluorocarbon) ® “Suva ” “Skydrol” Qualifying Service Information Environmentally acceptable alternative to CFC. Engineering Information Material Selection Materials of Construction and Ordering Information (Refer to List Price Schedule for availability and prices of Special Features) Refrigerants require special selection of elastomers. Standard catalog items with EPDM elastomer. resins. Also a solvent for paints. Stainless steel valves with EPDM elastomers. Add suffix “V” to catalog number. Boiler Feed Qualifying Service Information Commonly treated water with inhibitors to avoid corrosion of boiler tubes. usually high-purity naphtha. Water. An oily. Used in aviation suffix “V” to catalog number. this change of state is unlikely. Standard catalog valves with varnishes. small flow. See Series 8210 and 8222 Hot Water Service Listings. clear and free of undissolved water. Stainless steel valves with EPDM elastomers (FKM elastomers may also be used).22 . Common degreasing solvent. A diluted impure solution of acetic acid. Also.” This is return condensate from steam boilers. Use appropriate ball valve with ASCO air pilot valve.