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Acid Rain factfile

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Questionnaire - write down the answers before reading the fact file and then correct them if necessary. What gases cause acid rain? What pH is rain naturally? Where do the acid rain gases come from? How are the acid rain gases formed? What specific problems does acid rain cause in the environment? How can acid rain be reduced? Give 3 different ways

Acid Rain Factfile. Many people get muddled up about the three main environmental problems caused by pollution of the air. Here are some of the key facts about the air pollution problem known as acid rain. General Water is normally pH7 ... ... because there is carbon dioxide in the air, rainwater is slightly acidic There is also sulphur dioxide in the air from volcanoes ... ... this dissolves in water to form an acidic solution If you test rain with universal indicator paper it turns the paper orange rainwater is therefore about pH6 (ish) Acid rain has an even lower pH than that, pH3-4 in extreme cases That is almost as acidic as vinegar! Acid rain is caused by gases from burning sulphur, nitrogen and carbon These get into the air and pollute it The polluting gases are often blown a long way from their source ... ... causing problems to other countries e.g. Sweden Sweden gets pollution from Europe which damages their environment

... .Living things can cope with natural acid rain Main gases that cause acid rain sulphur dioxide nitrogen oxides (several different ones) carbon dioxide Sources of these gases fossil fuels (coal oil and gas) are made from dead plants or animals These get buried in the ground and decay over millions of years ... and the gas (from both) They all contain small amounts of sulphur as impurities which . ..... forming various nitrogen oxides Fuels contain a high proportion of carbon ... forming the coal (from plants) .. Nitrogen from the air burns when temperatures are high enough ... like in motor vehicle engines and power station furnaces ............ which has a high proportion of calcium carbonate so . ..... .... in gases from volcanoes How acid rain forms The polluting gases spread through the air and become dissolved in raindrops as they fall through the air What acid rain does It dissolves calcium carbonate . which is one of the chemicals in mortar so buildings are weakened Many rocks are dissolved slowly by acid rain especially limestone . features of statues will be gradually corroded away. which burns to form carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide occurs naturally .. .. burns to form sulphur dioxide. .. .. . .... the oil (from dead sea creatures) .. bits may fall off gravestones will be corroded and the writing will be harder to read buildings made of stone will gradually become damaged as they corrode .

. .. walk or cycle more. .. rivers and lakes more acidic than normal If they become too acidic.. nuclear power stations wind turbines hydroelectric schemes Use vehicles less......Acid rain makes streams.g. .to neutralise soil and lakes It is much better to reduce the sources of acid rain than to treat the effects .too acidic to support any life Reducing acid rain and its effects use less electricity at home and at work . especially for short journeys Slaked lime and similar chemicals can be used .... so that less fossil fuel is needed to generate it Generate electricity using alternative methods . all plant and animal life will die Acid rain makes soil sour . that don’t release the acid rain gases e....