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Television is a pervasive element in American society today and is seen as having a great deal of influence, especially over the young. According to psychological research, violence on television affects children negatively. The major effects of seeing violence on television are that children may become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others, more fearful of the world around them and more likely to behave in aggressive ways toward others. What causes television violence to make children violent? What are implications and are there solutions?

The world today truly shows that youths are influence by TV violence. For instance, the Toronto Star newsletter claims that charges laid by Canadian police against youths ages 12-17 for violent than years. offenses doubled in have more

the last five believe between that the


there is truly a link

rises of youth violence and the escalating of scenes portrayed in movies and on television. This quote led to a magazine article to comment that “TV has a major role in desensitizing and conditioning young people and in glamorizing violence as the B


preferred method of solving problems” (Awake Magazine, p.2829).






television, violence has played a prominent role in television on westerns, police shows, and war dramas, not to mention cartoons and British stated TV that children's researcher “boys were who more programming. William Belson

thrived on violent likely to use of bad


language, aggressiveness in sport, threatening to use violence on one another” (Young People

Ask 1989, p. 290report violence different understand on shows ages

291). A 70-page television how children of watch television and in

different ways, depending on their attention spans: Infants can pay attention to a TV set for short periods of time while toddlers pay more attention to the TV set when it is on.

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Preschoolers begin with an exploration approach to TV while elementary children develop the cognitive ability to follow continuous plots and consequences of character’s actions. Adolescence tends to revolve around independence, sex and romance, music videos, and horror movies (Josephson, 1995).

There were implications that children's viewing of violent television programming is associated with peer isolation. Children who watched violent content spent less time with friends and that there may be a reverse correlation whereby lonely children watch more television (Stockwell, 2006). A Professor of the University of Arizona stated that while exposure to media violence is not necessarily the most potent factor contributing to real world violence and aggression, it is the most pervasive (Kunkle, 2007). A survey at was done on kids about the effects of watching violent TV shows and movies:



♦ 50% of the kids voted that watching violent TV shows and movies did not have an impact on people's behavior. ♦ The majority of girls voted that violence on TV and in the movies did make people more violent. ♦ About 10% of students thought that violence on TV and movies made people less violent (Scholastic. com). There are solutions in which parents and teachers can do. Parents can watch at least one episode of the program that their child views. they can better the content them. explain That way


and discuss it with They should

the questionable incidents or violence that occur and discuss alternatives to violent actions as ways to solve problems. They also need to teach their children to differentiate clearly between fiction and real life. The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAENY) recommends and supports the reinstitution of the Federal Communications Commission B


(FCC) standards establishing limits on violent depictions during hours of children are likely to watch television. Broadcasting standards should prohibit product-based

programming in recognition and featured-length programs whose primary purpose is to sell toys, especially when those toys facilitate imitation of violent or aggressive acts seen on television. NAEYC believes that early childhood teachers also have a responsibility to assist children to become critical viewers of all forms of media, and to encourage the constructive use of the media for instilling positive social values.

Teachers need to be aware of what is currently being broadcast to children and to inform parents of the impact of violent media on children’s development. children when violence to facilitate

They can work with themes of television appear in their play more appropriate


solving and creative, imaginative play. When negative or violent themes appear as a regular part of their children’s play they should inform parents and support them in their efforts to monitor children’s viewing habits (NAENY, p.2-3). The article B


“Do kids watch too much violence on TV” explains that parents should not let their child have a TV in their bedroom while doing their homework or while eating. They also should give their child options. For example, they can help their child find other things to do with his or her time such as playing, reading, learning a hobby, sport, instrument or an art (Neighborhood Help Plan, p. 7). Parents should remember to not allow

violence into their home. The parents are the child's role models from which he or she learns. The evidence is clear: TV violence is unacceptable for children, causing them to be more violent, to look at the world as a violent place, see violence as a legitimate means of solving problems and conflicts, and and other people. are ways that we violence, fixing is easy. have There to are be to fear the world Even though there can limit television not going to be

many factors that considered and

people to be convinced. This problem will, no doubt, never go away and continue to get worse as the years go by. However, there are measures that can be taken to prevent the children from ever being exposed to such things. After all, what's the world going to be like B


when the people who are now children are running the world? Therefore, it is to parents, professionals, and others concerned with the welfare of children to continue to stop this television violence on their behalf.

Works Cited

American Associate of Pediatrics (2006). Do Kids Watch Too Much TV? Retrieved October 25 2010, from Neighborhood Health Plan, spring 2006.

Josephson, Wendy L. (1995, February). Television Violence: A Review of the Effects on Children of Different Ages. Retrieved October 25 2010, from B


Media Awareness Network Web Site: ad/television_violence.pdf

Kunkel, PhD, Dale (2007, June, 26). The Effects of Television Violence on Children. Retrieved October 25 2010, from America Psychological Association Web Site:

Media Violence in Children’s Lives. (1994, July). Retrieved October 25 2010, from NAEYC: National Association for the Education of Young Children Web Site:

(November 8, 1993). Youth Violence – Why? Awake, 28-29.

Stockwell, Michele (2006, May, 5). More Evidence on Sex, Violence, Media, and Children. Retrieved October 25 2010, from Progressive Policy Institute Web Site: knlgAreaID=114&subsecID=144&contentID=253845



Violence in the Media Survey Results. (n.d) Retrieved November 2 2010, from Scholastic Inc Web Site:

Young People Ask-Answers That Work. How Can I Control my TV Viewing Habits? New York: Watchtower & Bible Tract Society, 1989. Pages 290-291.