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Inception & Planning Workshop Report

Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management of Fruit Flies in South and Southeast Asia

Asian Institute of Technology
P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang Pathumthani 12120, THAILAND

http://ipm.ait.asia

Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 01-03 September 2010 AIT Conference Center AIT, Bangkok, Thailand

Inception and Planning Workshop
Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management of Fruit flies in South and Southeast Asian Countries

Participating Agencies from Mekong River Basin Countries:

Project Partners:

Supported by:

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

About the project
“Area-wide Fruit Fly Integrated Pest Management in South and Southeast Asia” is a regional project funded by Taiwan ICDF and supported by Global Horticulture Initiative (http://www.globalhort.org/) with a focus on adaptation and adoption of fruit fly IPM practices among vegetable and fruit smallholder using Farmer’s Field School (FFS) in the Mekong river basin countries. While the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT; www.ait.asia); Bio-Control Research Laboratory (BCRL; http://www.pcilindia.com/bcrl.html), Bangalore, India, and the FAO Regional IPM Programme (http://www.vegetableipmasia.org/) are the collaborating project partners, the project is implemented by the National IPM Programme in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam; Department of Agriculture Extension (DoAE) Thailand, and ministry of agriculture and irrigation (MAI) in Myanmar. The project is intended to test, promote and socialize among smallholder farmers a range of novel IPM options for fruit fly management within the context of ongoing IPM farmer training and action research programmes in the Mekong basin countries.

Contact
The regional office of the project is housed in its host institute Room # 207, AFE Bld. AIT, Bangkok, Thailand. Further information on project could be obtained from the following contact:
Prabhat Kumar, Dr.rer.hort. Project Coordinator / IPM Expert Agriculture Systems and Engineering School of Environment, Resources and Development Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang Pathumthani 12120, THAILAND Phone Fax Email Project website : + 66-2-524-5477 : +66-2-524-6200 : pkipm@ait.asia or pkipm@yahoo.com : http://ipm.ait.asia

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

Table of Contents
About the project ............................................................................................................. 3 Contact ............................................................................................................................ 3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................... 6 Summary .......................................................................................................................... 7 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Background ............................................................................................................... 8 Aims and objectives ................................................................................................... 9 Workshop Schedule ................................................................................................. 10 Opening Session ...................................................................................................... 11 Session 1: Fruit flies in Asia ...................................................................................... 13 Session 2: Status of fruit fly management in MRBC .................................................. 18
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6. 6.7 Fruit flies in Thailand ............................................................................................................. 19 Fruit flies in Cambodia .......................................................................................................... 20 Fruit flies in Lao PDR ............................................................................................................. 21 Fruit flies in Myanmar ........................................................................................................... 22 Fruit flies in Vietnam ............................................................................................................. 23 Novel options for fruit fly management (BCRL, India) ......................................................... 24 Fruit flies in Mekong river basin countries (summary of session 2) ..................................... 25

7.

Session 3: Fruit flies management strategies in MRBC .............................................. 26
7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 7.6. Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand.......................................................................................... 28 Work plan for FF IPM in Cambodia ....................................................................................... 29 Work plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR .......................................................................................... 30 Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar ........................................................................................ 31 Work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam .......................................................................................... 32 Summary of regional FF IPM project planning...................................................................... 34

7.6.1. Planning Process ................................................................................................................. 34 7.6.2. Follow-up trainings needs ................................................................................................... 35

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project

8.

Field Trip Report ...................................................................................................... 36
8.1. Feedback session on field trip from participants ....................................................................... 37 8.1.1. Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme Samut Sakhon Province ..................................... 37 8.1.2. Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House, Nakhon Pathom ..................................................... 40 8.1.3. Site III: Screening for Chili-pepper germplasm against Malaysian Fruit fly (B. latifrons) ... 42

Annexes ......................................................................................................................... 43
Annex 1: Annex 2: Annex 3: Annex 4: Annex 5: Annex 6: Annex 7: List of Participants ......................................................................................................... 44 Inception Workshop Schedule ...................................................................................... 48 Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand.................................................................................. 50 Work Plan for FF IPM in Cambodia ............................................................................... 52 Work Plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR .................................................................................. 54 Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar ................................................................................ 56 Log-frame (draft) of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project ..................................................... 57

Workshop information on internet:
Further information on the inception workshop including presentations could be downloaded from the project’s website:

http://ipm.ait.asia/inception/index.htm

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Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Abbreviations ACIAR AIT ASE AW-IPM BAT BCRL CABI FAO FFS FoS GHI GMS IPM IS MAT ME MRBC PB TOT Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Asian Institute of Technology Agricultural Systems and Engineering Area-wide Integrated Pest Management Bait Application Technique Bio-Control Research Laboratory.2-dimethoxybenzene) Mekong River Basin Countries Protein Bait Training of Trainers 6 . Bangalore India Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Farmer’s Field School Field of study Global Horticulture Initiative Greater Mekong Sub region Integrated Pest Management Invasive Species Male Annihilation Technique Methyl Eugenol (4-allyl-1.

country representatives from project implementation countries. In follow-up sessions. In addition. Background information on fruit flies in Asia. it was evident that fruit fly management has not been adequately addressed in the Mekong River Basin countries so far. country presentations were made and status and experiences on fruit flies were discussed and exchanged. emerging issues of invasive pests along with the management experiences from other parts of the world was presented and discussed in plenary sessions.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Summary An inception & planning workshop of the project “Area-wide Fruit fly Integrated Pest Management in South and Southeast Asia” was organized at the Asian Institute of Technology in Bangkok from 31 August – 4 September 2010. Bangkok. presented and critiqued on during the 2ND day of the workshop. the lack of technical expertise on various aspects of fruit flies in some countries and lack of familiarity with the latest trapping technologies was identified as important development and capacity building areas to be addressed by this project. Inclusion of Myanmar in this regional project would strengthen their capacity to work on ongoing mango fruit fly management and further help to strengthen regional collaboration on fruit fly management. a draft work plan for each of the participating countries was developed. It is expected that the each country team would further refine the work plans and formulate log-frames and include a short country strategy paper outlining the proposed fruit fly IPM intervention in each of the project countries. As part of action research programme such location specific IPM strategies will be developed which could be later used to educate farmers using existing and further to be developed FFS platforms by the respective national IPM programmes network. Attendees included resource persons. representatives from partner institutes (FAO. BCRL India) and personnel from the host institute AIT. 7 . culminating a first 3-months inception & planning period. From various presentations and discussions. This would partly be done through a regional training in coming months prior to in-country project implementation. Using this information and that derived from an illuminating presentation on the development of an area-wide fruit fly IPM programme in Hawaii. This project provides a good opportunity to begin working on assembling simple and effective management tools into a comprehensive and area-wide fruit fly IPM strategy.

8 . the workshop was organized at the AIT Conference Center. Further. Attendees were the participants nominated by the respective ministries from the project implementation countries. India. Bangalore. faculties and students of the AIT also attended this workshop (see Annex 1 for list of participants). promote and socialize among smallholder farmers a range of novel IPM options for fruit fly management within the context of ongoing IPM farmer training and action research programmes in the Mekong basin countries.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 1. University of Hawaii. CABI-SEA and representatives from the partners along with staff. Cambodia. was awarded a regional Mekong river basin project “Area-wide Fruit Fly Integrated Pest Management in South and Southeast Asia” funded by ICDF (International Cooperation and Development Fund) and supported by the Global Horticulture Initiative (GHI). Thailand from 01-03 September 2010.e. in collaboration with the Bio-Control Research Laboratory (BCRL). Vietnam and Thailand. a number of resource persons from various institutions engaged in the past and present fruit fly management efforts in Asia i. upon request. The inception workshop culminated the planned inception and planning period (May-August 2010) and set the direction for project implementation. Myanmar also attended this inception workshop to share and learn from this regional initiative. In addition. In close collaboration with the project partners. the ACIAR. the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation’s (FAO) Regional IPM Programme and associated National IPM Programme in Lao PDR. AIT in Bangkok. The project is intended to test. Background The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT).

fruit fly species.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 2. crop. season. To share the countries strategies highlighting area. The specific objectives of this workshop were: 1. To share experiences of innovative and latest management options for effective and safe fruit fly management and its adoption at farmers’ level. 9 . TOTs. To strengthen regional networking on matters concerning Fruit Fly IPM research and development as well as farmer/community education among nationals and partner organization representatives. 4. To share highlights of accomplishments and challenges of previous and ongoing research and development projects related to fruit fly management in the implementing countries and in the region. plans for action research. Aims and objectives The regional inception and planning workshop served the purpose of providing a platform for planning for this project and also a regional forum to learn and exchange information on fruit flies that are seriously undermining production and livelihood sustainability at smallholder farms in Asia with an emphasis on Mekong River Basin countries. 3. 2. FFS and other trainings as per the agreed project work plans along with monitoring and evaluation plans and budget requirements.

September. Part 3: Plenary and planning sessions On 2ND and 3RD September. Workshop Schedule The workshop was organized in three (3) parts: Part 1: The demonstration booth The partner BCRL set-up a demonstration booth to display and share the latest range of fruit fly management products on 31ST. Kamphaeng Saen campus. the following 3 sessions were organized (see Annex 2 for schedule of the workshop) leading to the development of draft work plans: Opening session Session 1: Plenary Session Session 2: Country Presentation Session 3: Work plan development 10 . August 2010. The booth was set-up right inside the AIT Conference Center. These included: Local government fruit fly Suppression Programme. a field visit/study tour to pre-selected locations was organized to provide first-hand opportunity to the participants to learn from the various ongoing fruit fly management related work in host country Thailand. where most of the participants were staying so as to allow them to visit it at any given point of time during their stay. Visit to a fresh product export company (SWIFT) and its vapor heat treatment plant in Nakhon Pathom province. to learn about the hot-pepper germplasm screening programme for tolerance/resistance to Malaysian fruit fly. Research center at Kassetsart University. Part 2: The field visit On 1ST. Samut Sakhon province.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 3.

agricultural information systems and the use of GIS/ RS technologies. ICDF and an overview from the Global Horticulture Initiative presented by Ms.asia). and international education & training.ait. GHI.asia/inception). which is now available for comments and suggestions from the partners and collaborators before it will be made available to the public domain. wherein he informed that his organization primarily supports international development in four core areas.15 am in which. Opening Session The second day of the Inception Workshop on “Area-wide Integrated Pest Management of Fruit Flies in South and South East Asian Countries” was held at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in collaboration with FAO Asia-IPM Programme (FAO-IPM) and Biological Control Research Laboratory (BCRL). 11 . i.e. Dr. The action oriented research initiatives undertaken by ASE field of study (FoS) were well appreciated. Joydeep Dutta. Deputy Secretary General. This was followed by a presentation on the project expectations from the donor’s perspective by Dr. production and marketing for agricultural enterprises and agribusiness. The VPAA Prof. Po-Pi Lee. India. Providing opportunities to Asian smallholder farmers to develop effective and environmentally sustainable strategies for management of fruit flies in order to produce profitable and healthy fruits and vegetables crops are important reasons for ICDF to support this project. VPAA AIT made the opening remarks. Joydeep Dutta also inaugurated a Beta version of project’s website (http://ipm. technical cooperation. and improving the quality of produce to the point where farmers can access export markets (see http://ipm. Claudia Fichtner. Po-Pi Lee first provided an overview of ICDF’s work. Dean of SERD AIT briefed participants about AIT’s long-standing research and action oriented programmes in the field of agriculture in general and plant protection in particular.ait. Weerakorn Ongsukal. The inaugural function was held between 9 am and 10. lending and investment. Prof. on 2nd September 2010.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 4. He further added that many of ICDF’s development projects involve agricultural issues such as food security. Dr. humanitarian assistance.

Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project He also stressed the need of regional integration and the role that regional projects can play in meeting such broad objectives in Asia. its rationale. 12 .asia/inception) in which he provided a brief sketch of the research programme. Prabhat Kumar. In his concluding remarks indicated and interest to ensure funding continuity for this effort beyond the current 2-year phase of the project to meaningfully address the complex issue of fruit fly management and to better link farm produce to the local and international markets. Ms. networking. Fichtner added that GHI is promoting efforts to link various actors in the horticulture value chain through research. Another area that she emphasized was gender equality and participation of women at all levels of the project implementation. grants. opportunities. she provided suggestions for this project on developing verifiable objectives. etc. Later during her presentation. Claudia Fichtner of GHI began her presentation by providing an overview of GHI and its work in various parts of the world (see http://ipm. Further he also shared the remaining schedule of the workshop with participants. Coordinator of the project made a presentation introducing the project (see http://ipm. etc. expected outcomes and the achievements since the inception of the project in March 2010. Ms. reporting.asia/inception).ait. Dr. activities.ait.

reduce pesticide use and grow better yielding. Intensification of agricultural production involves major risks in terms of overuse of agro-chemicals (fertilizers and pesticides) causing environmental pollution and growing food safety concerns in the GMS context in particular. three were presented in the pre-lunch session and two were presented in the post-lunch session. as it gave an overview of the long-term engagement of the FAO in the area of IPM action research and farmer education during the last 3 decades.e. Team Leader of the FAO-IPM Programme in Asia on the topic of ‘Community Education for Pesticide Risk Reduction in Greater Mekong Sub-region: An overview’ (see http://ipm.asia/inception) to set the scene and highlighting the importance of pesticide risk reduction education for Asian smallholder farmers using farmer’s field school.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 5. there were 5 presentations scheduled for the session. Session 1: Fruit flies in Asia The purpose of the plenary session was to provide an overview and experiences on key components of the project i.ait. past and present status of FFS and action research in MRBC (Mekong River Basin Countries). Jan W. Viswanathan acted as reporteur. Banpot Napompeth and Dr. P. Ketelaar. which is the main farmer education/extension tool envisioned in this project. 13 . Major thrust of these programmes remains to strengthen national IPM Farmer Field School programmes to enable farmers to adopt IPM. In total. The session was chaired by Dr. safer and more profitable rice. biology and management experiences in Asian countries and to assist country teams in developing informed project plans for country interventions. Drawing attention to the rapidly changing global agriculture scenario as induced by changes in demographic profiles. rapid urbanization and emergence of newer consumer demands. The presentation was interesting in other respects as well. background knowledge on life cycle ecology. K. The IPM interventions by FAO in this context assist the Asian/GMS countries to achieve sustainable intensification of agriculture through pesticide risk reduction strategies. of which. fruits and vegetables. the presentation underscored the need to intensify food production and the challenge for countries to do so sustainably. The first presentation of the session was made by Mr. invasive pest species.

asia/inception). The third presentation by Dr. The paper also dealt in some detail about the economic and environmental consequences emerging from some detrimental IS. biology. management challenges in the specific context of climate change.ait. economic and health related impacts. CABI SE Asia Office. such as water hyacinth and golden apple snail. species. life cycle and current management challenges (seehttp://ipm. Addressing the problems caused by IS call for setting up of various goals and processes involving multi-agency/ stakeholder cooperation. viz. Paul Ferrar provided a clear and concise overview of the various economically important Fruit Fly species in Asia with special reference to their taxonomy. It is also feared that more extreme climatic events will create opportunities for pest colonization and establishment. 14 .. Wai-Hong Loke.asia/inception).ait. Transport and Tourism. which is the threat of South American Leaf Blight (SALB) which is a potential threat for natural rubber producing countries in the South and South East Asian region.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project The second paper presented by Dr. The effect of climate change is the greatest challenge affecting the growth of IS. The management challenges posed by IS cut across various sectors needing concerted actions as the growth and spread of IS in the world has been spontaneous and rapid through pathways. cost of control. Malaysia. and the need for evolving international cooperation in resolving the IS issues through the international trade and biodiversity conventions. collaboration and capacity building. Travel. The presentation traversed from the global and regional dimensions of emergence and growth of IS. A clear example was cited by the author to this. as climate change related problems will alter pest/ crop/ soil dynamics. Trade. The discussion on the paper was pointed to a question (raised by Rui Pereira) regarding the legitimacy of preventive action: whether action towards addressing IS problems be taken by the country in which the IS originate or be taken by a country which imports a product infested by IS? The author remarked this to be a tricky issue as countries as a group have a collective responsibility to contain the IS. aptly described by the author as ‘4 Ts’. was quite interrogative as it provided a detailed assessment of the CABI’s long engagement in research on some of Asia’s worst invasive species (IS) and their management challenges (see http://ipm.

as a generalization. The paper dealt at some length with the protein bait spraying method being propagated as an appropriate control method for fruit flies. During discussion. protection of non-target organisms and no risk of pesticide residues. and e) appearance of chemical residues in fruits. However. it was also reported that. b) labor and time intensity. It has been reported that bait spraying was effective in reducing the crop losses to tolerable limits of below 5%. This method has several advantages. The paper also discussed a case study conducted in Northern Vietnam where bait spraying was administered to control Bactrocera pyrifoliae in peaches. However. the children in the region had the benefit of seeing full-grown peaches for the first time! While concluding the presentation. protein bait spraying. from the perspective of control of fruit fly menace. Surprisingly. d) health impacts on the farmer/ worker who undertake spraying. the cover spraying method has been reported to be inappropriate as it has several disadvantages in terms of: a) cost-ineffectiveness. The response to this question was in the affirmative. cultural control. it may be observed that though bait spraying has several advantages. Dr Ferrar underlined the importance of giving more attention to understand how the small farmer tries to grapple with the issue in his small plot of land which has several other problems as well. etc. due to the effective control of the fruit flies. Compared to cover spraying and fruit bagging methods.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project It also discussed the attractants and trapping methods and the damage caused by fruit flies mainly in terms of crop losses of significant proportions. Among the different management and control measures discussed. which mainly include: cost effectiveness. bagging of fruits. c) damage caused to beneficial organisms and the environment. the protein bait spraying has only two disadvantages: its labor intensity and repetition during the entire fruit cycle. health safety for the operator. 15 . a point raised was: whether the bait spraying method is quite a feasible method for large orchards or not. the prominent methods were: cover spraying. it requires further enquiry as regards to the comparative economics (benefits vs costs) of bait spraying method over or in combination with several other management methods. negligible environmental impacts.

viz. and d) estimated crop losses. For instance. it was pointed out to go further into the details of the extent and severity of fruit fly infestations beyond just identifying them as high/ medium or low. This could be addressed to an extent if GIS mapping is done further down the provincial level. The paper was quite important for the intervention planning for the entire project as it tries to use the GIS tools to understand the spatial and temporal distribution and magnitude of fruit fly infestations in the MRBC.ait. The discussions on the paper confined to the precautions to be taken while using the GIS mapping tool for the purpose. a compiled paper on fruit flies in Asia providing details on major fruit fly IPM aspects was provided by Dr. b) if present whether the intensity is high. Ferrar that can be seen/downloaded from the project’s website too (http://ipm. Jothisiteganesh Shanmugasundaram.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project The paper did not have convincing evidences on this other aspect than some descriptions of the reduction in labour use. The fourth paper presented by Mr. Cambodia. a delegate from Laos has raised some concerns as regards the exactness of the data being used in the preliminary assessment. GIS Expert (engaged by the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project) was a preliminary report of the GIS mapping of fruit flies in the four Mekong countries. whether the crop in question is grown for local consumption or for export to make these maps a good tool for area selection as planned in the project.ait. to understand the varying intensities at the district and sub-district levels. the presentation was entirely focused on presenting the provincial level data concerning the spatial spread of fruit flies in these countries and the severity of their occurrence classified in terms of: a) whether fruit fly problems are present or absent. protection of beneficial organisms. Some suggestions came from the floor to make the GIS mapping more convincing in terms of broadening the information coverage to include the scenarios of fruit fly infestation before and after IPM programmes. which needs further verification before arriving at the conclusions. FAO.e. Further. Additional suggestions came from Mr. c) crop area of individual fruits and vegetable. who suggested including an additional layer i. Jan W. medium or low across the several provinces where IPM programmes have been implemented.asia/inception). 16 . This could be an area of research as well.asia/inception). Lao PDR. etc. In this regard. Similarly. Thailand and Vietnam based on preliminary data provided (see http://ipm. Ketelaar. pesticide use.

ait. the paper considers the critical aspect of involvement of grower organizations as well as community participation. It discussed the importance of an areawide concept to be used for IPM for control of fruit flies. Prabhat Kumar added that the purpose of GIS mapping for this project is primarily for the purpose of area identification for project interventions. which results in continuous pest reinvasion. 17 . The advantage of this approach is that it uses a phased conditional approach involving four phases of action. Accordingly.asia/inception).iaea. These four phases include: a) Phase I: Baseline data collection and programme planning. The paper also highlighted the importance of clearly identifying the AW-IPM control options with respect to the market potential of fruit crops/ vegetables.html for more information). The final presentation of the plenary session was delivered by Dr. in future.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Finally. c) Phase III: Preparation of AW-IPM according to objectives. with more interest from partners and collaborators follow-up work could be undertaken. the approach gives thrust on entire population/ farm plot level instead of controlling it on a field by field basis. However. Note: FAO/IAEA has been on the forefront of Sterile Male Technique (SIT) approach of fruit fly management through active collaboration with many countries worldwide including Thailand (see http://www-naweb. The information shared by him was quite useful as it helped participants understand the efforts made by the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency in the area of fruit fly management in collaboration with the FAO. which will result in better management outcomes in the current context of changing global trade scenario.org/nafa/ipc/tephritid-fruit-flies. He further informed the workshop that the completed maps will be available at the project’s website for general public use. Rui Pereira of FAO/IAEA (see http://ipm. b) Phase II: Improved monitoring and control. As an important step in the integrated IPM approach. and d) Phase IV: Implementation of operational AWIPM.

Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. Ghosh acted as reporteur. Lao. Jan Willem Ketelaar and Dr. Myanmar and Vietnam) shared the past experiences. S. 18 . The second session was chaired by Mr. current status and plans for the fruit fly IPM for smallholders vegetable and fruit growers. Session 2: Status of fruit fly management in MRBC The aim of the second session was first to allow the country implementation agency to collect. Out of six papers in the session. K. compile. analyze and present the range of information on the fruit flies as baseline information for the project. The sixth paper presented by BCRL reviewed the constraint faced in the current practice and how research done in the past ten years can be translated into commercial products of use. five (Thailand. Cambodia.

removal of secondary host.e. Further. dorsalis) in Chiangmai province in Northern part of Thailand at pilot scale.7% in 1987 to mere 4% in the year 1997.e.asia/inception). latifrons (Malaysian fruit fly). B. she informed that a number of training for the extension workers and fruit growers have been organized using SIT in combination with the other methods of fruit fly control i. Pichit and Ratchaburi provinces. sanitation practices. umbrosa. Orankanok further reported that the level of infestation has reduced dramatically from the level of 54. The thrust for the future is to establish community plant pest management centers to enhance participation of the community in the IPM project which will support the scaling up of the project from pilot scale to national level by incorporating new technologies. Area wide IPM activities was initiated in 2001 at Ratchaburi and Phichit to suppress mainly two species of fruit fly – B. MAT (male annihilation technique) . On another note she informed that five species of fruit flies are common in Thailand and they include. A question was raised on the cost of SIT and also possibilities o fusing this technique for different species of fruit flies. B. carambolae. B.ait. curcubitae (Melon fly). and B.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. correcta (Guava fruit fly). Ms. BAT (bait application technique) etc. dorsalis and B. 19 . Tharmnoon Boonkraisorn from Department of Agriculture Extension (DoAE) presented the country paper (see http://ipm. Watchreeporn Orankanok and Mr. First such effort began in 1982 by the Office of Atoms for Peace against the Oriental fruit fly (B. In 2001. B.1 Fruit flies in Thailand Ms. cucurbitae and successfully extended the technology by training and motivating the stake holders. Thailand has a long-history of fruit fly management especially the use of Sterile Insect Technique (SIT). Thailand adopted the area-wide IPM concept for fruit fly management and in two provinces i.

some basic trainings on surveillance. caudate. Only in recent years through FAO and CARE funded projects. dorsalis complect. and B. development of curricula for the FFS etc. B. 20 . B. Some farmers reported to use the protein bait. Dacus logicornis. B. Need of guidance from fruit fly taxonomist was expressed. dorsalis) and melon fly (B. cucurbitae) are the commonly known species. to sustain IPM on fruit flies. has been addressed.2 Fruit flies in Cambodia Mr.tau. tubercolata. correcta. Pesticides are currently the main stay of fruit fly management and some farmers use fruit bagging as means to protect fruits and vegetables. oriental fruit fly (B. B. Fruit fly management to date has not been addressed adequately.ait. A year-long FAO project. The CARE-funded project is working on fruit flies management on mango production. Heng Chhun Hy of National IPM Programme of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry presented the country paper of Cambodia (see http://ipm. quarantine. Future activities were discussed which included conducting base line survey. Chou Cheythyrith and Mr.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. Fruit fly infestation in two provinces has been recorded at 80-100% by melon fly and 30% by oriental fly.asia/inception). Apart from these species 6 more species have been recorded i. bait station as well as spot application. documenting host-species etc. Cambodia started working on fruit flies. Two fruit fly species.e. which concluded in 2009.

21 . B. Up to present. correcta. farmer's training through field schools and technical documentation was emphasized as future planning of the programme. B. cucurbitae are common species reported from fruit crops and melons. Extension of bait technology.ait. The Plant Protection Centre conducted surveys on the prevalence of fruit fly in some locality in Vientiane capital and till date 13 species were reported from different crops. Dacus dorsalis and D. B. MAF Lao PDR and Mr. Until now only very limited work focusing on the species identification of the fruit flies has been carried out leaving significant task ahead to develop management strategies and capacity building. B. acting National IPM project Plant Protection Center. B. tau. B. respectively. albistrigata. B. cilifera. FAO-Lao PDR presented the country paper (see http://ipm. B. DOA. dorsalis and B. B.3 Fruit flies in Lao PDR Mr. Thongsavanh Taipangnavong IPM expert. carambolas. B.asia/inception). nigrotibialis. Sanitization and wrapping of fruits with paper are the main management practices in addition to pesticide usage. Other reported species are. B. Most of the locally produced fruits and vegetable are primarily meant for the local market and some for export to the neighboring countries. Tiangkham Vongsabouth. scutellaris. apicalis. verbascifoliae. longicornis. there is no information on the occurrence of fruit flies and estimates on yield losses due to fruit fly damage in the country.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. caudta.

extension of BAIT trap and human resource training requires attention as future planning of the programme. dorsalis and B.ait. good transport and packaging technologies. Efforts are made to demonstrate IPM by conducting training and a workshop on production and post harvest handling of mango. Whereas fruit flies can be effectively managed with the above mentioned methods.asia/inception). The mango production is facing threats from different fruit flies. correcta. 22 . Some of the notable management practices for fruit fly are mulching. Soe Than from Myanmar Agriculture Service and Myanmar Mango Group respectively attended the workshop and made the country presentation (see http://ipm. Generation of baseline data. The core theme of presentation was focused on the increased production and export potential of mango from Myanmar to China. which is involved in an IFAD/FAO funded project. foliar spray with EM-5 and bagging of fruits. The Myanmar delegation. Khin Nyunt Yee and Mr.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. mainly B. the major present constraints in mango production include a lack of lucrative markets. is joining this regional initiative with support from other FAO extra budgetary project resources.4 Fruit flies in Myanmar Dr.

verbascifoliae and B. B. correcta. bagging of fruit at suitable stage. trapping with Methyl Eugenol (allyl-3. Nguyen Van Hoa and Dr. He also shared that Vietnam has in the past conducted some trainings to the extension officials and farmers too.4dimethyoxybenzene). B. Among them the spot application by protein bait laced with insecticides has been under the large scale application. dorsalis. B.5 Fruit flies in Vietnam Dr. the year round cultivation has contributed to the buildup of fruit fly populations beyond control level. using of systemic insecticides. quality. and Southern Plant Protection Center (SPPC) respectively. protein bait (SOFRI Protein 10 DD and sanitation. The nine fruit fly species of major economic importance in Vietnam are: Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae. Ho Van Chien from Southern Horticultural Research Institute (SOFRI). B. Further the presenters emphasized to implement this technology as team work to make it more effective using FFS. Host records have been established for 26 species of fruits and 16 species of vegetables of major economic importance and another 11 species of wild or medicinal plants in Vietnam. Having 7 different agro-climatic zone enriched with various fruits and vegetables. Several management options have been tried so far in Vietnam like. B. which has reduced the infestation level from 50% to 4%. cucurbitae.asia/inception). tau. presented the country paper (see http://ipm. zonata.ait. 23 .Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. Fruit fly identification and management has been addressed through past several projects in Vietnam mainly with funding support from ACIAR. production process and finally train the farmers using FFS to use PB in effective manner as a component of IPM. Future thrust area identified was to improve the persistence.

bassiana and also developing fungal infection to the population by autodissemination of B . MAT. India to develop commercial products on identified constraints was emphasized.asia/inception). India) Dr. The validation of research in feeler trials will lead to development of female biased pheromone technique. Mauritius.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. Novel options for fruit fly management (BCRL. India presented the last paper of the session providing a broad overview of available novel products for fruit fly and newer products while emphasizing recent research done in cover spray.6. 24 . BCRL. The role of Bio-Control Research Laboratories. Hawaii and India).ait. one way valve trap. Focus was also on the available commercial products in this context and utilization of these in various fruit fly management programmes (e. Possibilities of replacing insecticide by using B.g. in Taiwan. miscellaneous technologies (see http://ipm. Conducting plant clinic as extension tool to disseminate the knowledge of IPM up to grower level will also lead to generation of large data which can be used for identifying problematic areas and forecasting pest infestation. BAT bio-control. Malvika Chaudhary.bassiana along with pheromone and electrostatic powder has been discussed. use of entomofungal pathogen for pupal stages and as ovipositional deterrent and also for post-harvest man agent use of organic salt formulation will be done under the project. field sanitation.

Only few management options namely protein baits and ME have been used so far widely in this region and these too mostly as stand-alone control measures. Through support from past projects many countries were able to establish identification of some species.7 Fruit flies in Mekong river basin countries (summary of session 2) The presentation from various countries in MRB provided in-depth national status on various important aspects of fruit fly management in this region. Some countries like Vietnam and Thailand have good experiences. Due to extended seasons of fruiting. There exists a wide difference in the level of past experiences on fruit fly management in this region.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 6. The existing network and cooperation among NIPM in the region provides a very strong network that could take lead in developing locally assembled and need based IPM package for important fruit fly species and also could develop the FFS curricula for farmer’s education. As summary following key points emerged out: Various species of tephritid fruit flies are affecting a range of important fruit and vegetable crops in this sub-region. but others needs substantial support to achieve a similar level of experiences and knowledge. 25 . Through past projects in some countries trainings have been organized but until now there are no regional or national experiences available where fruit fly management has been developed for FFS platform. the level of infestation and resulting damage has increased many folds in the past decades. However species identification remains a important task at local and regional level. Until now little has been done on developing broad based IPM packages in this region.

Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. development and retention of knowledge and hands-on experience in learning that the students can easily accomplish the pest suppression programs are key to success”. experiences from the Hawaii IPM Programme’s planning process and insights into developing area-wide fruit fly IPM was presented by Prof. Most countries only presented partial plans for some initial discussion pending the development of detailed intervention strategies and log-frames as part of country strategy papers to be developed as a follow-up to this workshop. Once short term. I think that it might have been easier if the teams charted their plans in a manner that is shown in the attached power point file “Outcomes Plan – Hawaii Fruit Fly IPM” (see http://ipm. it will be easier for the country teams to plan the lessons and curriculum for the FFS for each of the targeted fruit fly species. Ron Mau. which would have to be further refined in consultations with the respective ministries after representatives returning to their home countries.asia/inception ). The country teams along with the various fruit fly experts and resource persons began to develop work plans before lunch and continued until the late afternoon. For planning purposes a simple format was provided to the country teams prior to the planning session. who also chaired this session (see http://ipm.ait. 26 . Certainly. “I think that an outcomes plan for melon fly suppression is a very good starting place for small holder farmers. Ron Mau provided the following points as further suggestions for development of the work plan: “Developing work plans is difficult even for experienced project leaders. The plans developed and presented during this session were only draft plans. Prof. It is insufficient to say that the program will be performed using the Farmer Field School method. intermediate term and long-term outcomes are identified. Knowledge of the local melon fly roosting hosts can be easily obtained by field observation by farmers as part of the FFS curriculum”.ait. Session 3: Fruit flies management strategies in MRBC Prior to moving to the planning sessions.asia/inception).

and life cycle. 27 . I am including a poster handout titled “123 Melon Fly Suppression” as an example of how the farmers can chart cuelure fly densities and reduction in crop damage”. as well as the fly numbers emerging from infested fruit can be included in lesson plans and using traps in augmentorium cages. Bitter gourd or another common local crop like sponge gourd or squash might be suitable for the FFS crop system”. “Knowledge on fruit fly ID. lessons on how to use cue-lure traps of local population density can be designed and can be used to chart the impacts of poisoned protein bait spot application on roosting hosts on the overall population density as well as the reduction of damaged fruit.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project “From this.

NE Thailand – Chilli-pepper crop Ratchabri Province.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Thailand 28 . Fig. Central Thailand – Tropical fruits The major activities proposed by the Thai team include: Baseline Surveys Training of trainers / extension officials Training of Farmers using FFS Monitoring and Evaluation etc. Further details on Thailand draft work plan can be seen in the annex 3. Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand Thailand has an active fruit fly IPM Programme and considerable experiences of implementing it in pre-selected locations in the country for past many years. Based on these experiences they have proposed to work in two provinces in the country (see locations in the map) Chaiyaphum Province .1.1.

Based on the crop acreage and damage information available for bitter gourd crop (B. Cambodia team has presented a detail draft work plan for further refinement and comments from the group of experts and resource persons. Therefore. Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 4. TOT etc. FFS. cucurbitae) tentatively 3 provinces are selected for the project implementation (see location in the map): Kampong Cham Kandal Battambang The major activities proposed are: Completion of GIS mapping Baseline survey Develop training module. Fig.2.2. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Cambodia 29 . Work plan for FF IPM in Cambodia Fruit fly management in Cambodia is relatively new area at all level in national IPM programme.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7.

Based on the good IPM FFS experiences on rice and vegetables and the urgent need to undertake the FF IPM the Lao team presented their work plan.3. Based on crop acreage estimates and experiences two provinces were prioritized by the Lao team to implement the major activities for the project: Vientiane Capital Vientiane Province The major activities proposed are: Completion of GIS mapping Baseline survey Develop training module.e. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Lao PDR 30 . B.3. Further they decided to initiate IPM work on both species i. TOT & FFS etc Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 5.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. cucurbitae of fruit flies. Fig. Work plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR To date no significant fruit fly management project has been undertaken in Lao PDR baring some initial work on species identification. dorsalis and B.

Accordingly. FAO supports some participatory training activities on off-season mango production and the exploration of innovative fruit fly management options could feature in such action research activities.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. The Myanmar country team presented the following activities as a part of their work plan: Baseline survey Data collection to learn population dynamics of fruit flies Capacity building of the PPD (plant protection department) staffs Training to the farmers Detailed draft work plan can be seen in the annex 6. The mango fruit fly (B. the mango crop was selected as priority crop for developing FF IPM and already the project has prioritized the production areas of Shan (South) State. dorsalis) will be target species for their work in coming two years. the country team would get a good exposure on these methods. Fig.4. It is expected that by interacting and participating in the various project activities. Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar Myanmar joined this regional initiative primarily to strengthen an ongoing FAO/IFAD supported export oriented mango project. where fruit flies are major problem.4. Currently. Mandalay Division and Yangon Division for implementation of project activities. Apart from all other project countries Myanmar has limited prior experiences to the FFS approach of extension and also possibly participatory adaptive research methodologies. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Myanmar 31 .

it has been recipient of several projects including one of protein bait commercialization and utilization from ACIAR. The major activities planned for this project are shown in the following two flow-charts (one for each year of the project) The major activities proposed were the followings: Baseline Survey TOT FFS Setting-up pilot sites etc 32 .Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. the existence of a a vibrant and nation-wide IPM network with its decade of experiences of developing and implementing FFS for a range of crops throughout the country provides the needed background to develop.5. life-cycle. In addition. Work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam Vietnam has one of the most active Non SIT based fruit fly IPM implementation experiences in the region. Also. biology. Scientific background information on species identification. pilot and expand the FF IPM FFS. ecology and other aspects is available which provides a very good basis for development of farmer’s education programme using FFS.

Fig. 5.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Three provinces from South Vietnam were selected as the project implementation sites: Vinh Long Tien Giang Long An Further details on work plan for FF IPM in Vietnam can be seen in the annex 7. Map showing locations of the FF IPM project implementation sites in Vietnam 33 .

Planning Process The planning process which started before this inception & planning workshop would continue in the coming weeks to enable each participating countries to consult their ministries and to develop following documents before project activities are implemented: Completion of the GIS mapping based on agreed 5 layers mapping to use as a planning tool to select the area of project implementation . complete with log frame table. A log-frame of project (draft) can be seen in annex 7.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7.6. Fig.6.6.6 shows the initial agreed project implementation sites on a regional basis. Summary of regional FF IPM project planning 7. was developed and sent to the country teams for this purpose. Regional map of MRB showing project implementation sites in 5 countries 34 . the fig. Development of a short and concise country strategy paper for the proposed fruit fly IPM project intervention.1. A template.

biology and ecology of the fruit flies selected or prioritized for the project (mostly B. The suggested learning objectives include: Life cycle. 35 . Follow-up trainings needs Most country teams and external experts invited to the workshop suggested to organize a regional level workshop for the key trainers from the NIPM and/or implementing agencies in order to provide hands-on experiences and background knowledge on the various aspects of the fruit fly management. Male Annihilation Techniques (MAT) Baits and cuelures (Protein baits etc. spatial and temporal distribution. seasonality and its uses in various crops Sanitation and augmentorium Other management methods e. bagging Other country specific issue (will come up while discussing the content of training) Curriculum and training materials development Accordingly. roosting plants species. cucurbitae. plans are underway to organize a hands-on training (possibly at southern Vietnam) covering these issues by November this year involving the project partners and external experts. Host range.g.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 7. correcta). non-host.2.) Traps designs. in case of Thailand B.6. dorsalis and B.

The following three locations were visited by the country teams and resource persons: Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme: A local government initiated fruit fly suppression programme in Samut Sakhon Province Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House. Horticulture. Kasersart University. Nakhon Pathom to learn about the Vapor Heat Treatment facility for export of mangoes to Japan Site III: Varietal screening programme against Malaysian fruit fly on Chili-pepper at Dept. a field trip was organized on 1 September 2010 with the purpose of providing first-hand information to the participants on the various fruit fly management related work in host-country Thailand. Nakhon Pathom 36 . of Agriculture at Kampheng Saen.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 8. Field Trip Report In conjunction with the organization of the inception workshop. Fac.

1. This group work was followed by plenary presentations.1. The fruit fly suppressions programmes includes the following important features: The local government supplied free Methyl Eugenol ( ME) to farmers to break-down the large scale population as the area currently grow guava and rose apple for export and domestic markets Exchange of captured FF with Fertilizer: 2 liters of dead fruit fly body was exchanged for 1 bag of 16-16-8 (NPK) fertilizer In one year collected 846 liters of FF bodies were collected 37 .1. 8.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 8. In the feedback session. Feedback session on field trip from participants A feedback session was organized to summarize the key findings and issues related to each visited site. where a short presentation on the fruit fly suppression programme was provided prior to the field visit. Site I: Fruit Fly suppressions programme Samut Sakhon Province The field trip at Samut Sakhon begins with visiting the provincial administrative office. which are summarized below. the participants along with the resource persons sat together to share experiences.

Ridge gourd (B. it was not clear that at what intervals the lures are changed The method of using ME on cotton bolls is very expensive. dorsalis). other methods especially those which prolongs the life of ME are advised 38 .Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Observations from the field: Crop: Guava and Rose Apple (B. cucurbitae Sanitation (disposal of infested fruits) were not apparent from the observation From discussion with the farmers. correcta and B. dorsalis not B. Therefore. cucurbitae) The bagging of guava begins 3 months after flowering A layer of extra paper is attached on the top of plastic to protect it from sunlight induced deterioration (to enhance the life of plastic bags) The growers maintains only one fruit per small branch to be able to achieve a marketable size Normally the crop is pruned to maintain the canopy that facilities easier harvest The programme is not based on training farmers and their capacity building Trap density was observed too be too high. Not that many traps are needed as per recommendation Farmers were unable to differentiate the species of the fruit flies trapped ME only able to attracts B.

The idea is good to break the initial large population.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Free fertilizers in exchange may not be a sustainable method for long-term management of this pest. the female removal method as well to ensure sustainability. but the planners needs to take note of farmer’s training in combination with other methods for instance. 39 .

Taiwan. QGAP and Organic certificates for over 250 ha of land to enable the company to export organic produce as well.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 8. Korea. USA. How can they export to USA? The participants were interested to learn how the company is able to pay the fund needed for various certifications every year? How is the pricing policy to the contracted growers? How do the importers accept the agro-chemical free farming products? For what price? Perception? 40 . In addition. Middle East (M-E). Korea. Europe (EU). the contracted growers of this company received GlobalGAP. The purpose of the visit was to expose participants to the VHT (vapor heat treatment) unit. Australia and New Zeeland. Chiangmai and Petchaboon and one new pack house in Eastern part of the country) to process and export their products.2. Nakhon Pathom SWIFT is one of the leading private sector fruits and vegetable exporting company in the Thai kingdom engaged in export of fresh and processed fruit and vegetable. many countries including Taiwan impose strict regulatory measures for importing fresh fruits from the region. a requirement for exporting mangoes to countries like Japan. Currently the products are exported to the Japan.1. Since fruit flies are important quarantine pests. Observations: The organization of the pack house was very good for both fruit and vegetable products VPT treatment is suitable for export to the Japan. Aus and NZ. Site II: SWIFT’s Export Packing House. The company manages various fruit and vegetable pack houses (3 stations pack houses: Kampaengsaen. other than China.

Moreover.5oC for 20 min and wind speed: 2 m/second) VHT is expensive for the small farmers. if they wish to export on their own.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project In Vietnam: for mango the VPH treatment can work well at 46. some countries in Asia like China do not require products to be treated using VHT Participants were also interested to learn the process of risk assessment for soil and water and others suggested including the pest risk assessment into the planning process for producing fruits and vegetables 41 .

1. latifrons) The final destination for the field trip was the visit to a chili-pepper germplasm screening programme at Kassetsart University. latifrons Some accessions are showing various degree of tolerance so far The total acid content o the fruit is positively correlated to the fruit fly damage More work is planned in the future for testing against various population pressure levels in greenhouses Observations The breeding programme does not take into account other commonly occurring diseases like viruses and anthracnose If successful.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 8. Site III: Screening for Chili-pepper germplasm against Malaysian Fruit fly (B. it could provide a good relevance to many chili growing areas in MRBC It was suggested that the DNA sequences of susceptible and resistant varieties could be searched and then checked for different sequence Further DNA markers assisted breeding could be searched for faster screening of both the germplasm and hybridization 42 . The hosts provided an overview of their programme: A research plan with the aim to develop chili-pepper varieties having tolerance against B.3.

Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Annexes 43 .

in Myanmar 10.au Cambodia 3.Ghosh Head and Asst. P. Dr. Bangalore. Tiangkham Vongsabouth National IPM Coordinator (acting) FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables – Country office Lao PDR P. AUSTRIA E-Mail: R. Curtin PO Box 216. 656 Sangkat Teuk Laak. Curtin.Annex 1: Austria 1.com .com .O. List of Participants Rui Cardoso Pereira. The Department of the Plant Protection. Cheythyrith Vegetable IPM Project Coordinator FAO ICP for IPM in vegetables Country Office-Cambodia House 54B. Ltd. 43400 Serdang Selangor. Email: malvika. Lao PDR Tel: (856-21) 812142.chaudhary@pcil. Vientiane.O. Souther Shan State. CABI Southeast & East Asia Glasshouse Complex MARDI.S. ipmlaos@laotel. Bangalore. Yae Aye Kwin Qr. Mr. Malaysia 9.com Mr.com. Lao PDR Tel: (856-21) 812142. Dr Paul Ferrar Chief. Taunggyi. Chou. Entomologist (PhD) Insect Pest Control Section Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture Wagramerstrasse 5. Box 1640. Wai-Hong Loke Regional Director. Fax: +43.org Tel: +43. Vientiane. ACT 2605. Malaysia Telephone: +60 (3) 8943 2921 Fax: +60 (3) 8942 6490 Email: loke@cabi. Box 1640. Australia Tel/Fax: +61-26161 4853 Email: pferrar@grapevine. (Biopesticide) Bio-Control Research Laboratories A division of Pest Control (India) Pvt.K.2600. Soe Than Director of Myat Yadanar Agriculture Co. 24/3 Bogyoke Aung San Road. Ltd. Thongsavanh Taipangnavong National IPM Expert FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables – Country office Lao PDR P. General Manager. Cambodia Tel/Fax: +855-23-880465 Mr. Mr.org 4.26007 6. India Lao PDR 7. Cambodia 8. Fax: (856-21) 812130 Email: faoipm@laotel. AICAR-IPM (former) 8 Gregson Plcae. Box 100 A-1400 Vienna.26077. Mr. India Mobile: +91 9343942214. Dr.. Fax: (856-21) 812130 Australia 2.Cardoso-Pereira@iaea.O. Heng Chhun Hy Deputy Director. Dr. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Phnom Penh.Ltd.1.1. Malvika Chaudhary Bio-Control Research Laboratories A division of Pest Control (India) Pvt. St. India 5. Myanmar Phone: +95-81-21153 Mobile: +95-9521-5718 Email: soethan77@gmail. Khan Toul Kork Phnom Penh.

Mobile: +255-(76)-4473610 Fax: +255-(27)-255-3125 Email: cfichtner@globalhort. Thailand Tel: +66-2-697-4274 Fax: +66-2-697-4422 Email: Johannes. Dr. Telefax: +66 2 561 4663 Email agriqua33@doae.lee@icdf. 9.Box 10.22873-2323.Ext. 39 Maliwan Mansion.org. Khin Nyunt Yee Deputy Supervisor Plant Protection Division Myanmar Agriculture Service Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Tel: 095-1-644214 Fax. Watchreporn Orankanok Director. 2148/1 Paholyothin Road. Ms. Irradiation for Agricultural Development Department of Agriculture Extension 2043/1 Department of Agricultural Extension.th 17. Phra Athit Road Bangkok 10200. 102 Fax: 886-2-2876-6485 Email: p.O. watchreeporn@yahoo. Phra Athit Road Bangkok 10200.org Tanzania 13. Royal Government of Thailand. Paholyothin Road.com Taiwan 12.com 45 .Ketelaar@fao. Claudia Fichtner Interim Project Manager Global Horticulture Initiative c/o AVRDC – RCA.go. Thailand Phone: +66-2-697-4180 Fax: +66-2-697-4422 Email: AlmaLinda. Chatuchak. Bureau of Agricultural Product Quality Development Department of Agricultural Extension. No. Sukosm Chinvinijkul c/o Director. Mrs. Abubakar Alma Linda Programme Development Officer FAO ICP for IPM in Vegetables.095-1-644019 Email ppmas. Tharmanoon Boonkraisorn Director of Production Promotion and Development Group Office of Agricultural Extension and Development Region 4 Khon kaen Provice Tel: 04326 1336 Fax: 04326 1337 Email: tamanoonb@live. Bangkok 10900 THAILAND. Lane 62. Dr. 39 Maliwan Mansion.tw 16. 18. Regional office FAO Regional Office for the Asia Pacific No.p. Mr. Duluti.org 19. Ms. Taiwan Tel: 886-2. Tanzania Tel: +255-(27)-255-3093. P. Arusha.org Thailand 14.th . Pai-Po Lee Deputy Secretary General Taiwan ICDF 14F. Fax: 662 940 6188 Email : watchreeporn@doae. Bangkok 10900. Ms. Mr.Ababakar@fao. THAILAND. Aroonpol Payakapanta Directorate of Promotion of Crop Production and Protection Group Bureau of Agricultural production and Quality Control Department of Agriculture Extension.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 11. Chatujak. Mr.mm 15. Tien Mou West Rd.net.moai@mptmail. Jan Willem Ketelaar Chief Technical Advisor/Team Leader FAO Asia-IPM Programme FAO Regional Office for the Asia Pacific No. Taipei 11157.go. Phone: 662 940 6187.

Research & Development Bldg. THAILAND Tel: +66-2-9428686 or 66-2-9428687 Fax: +66-2-9428688 31. AIT. Lakchai Menakanit IPM Consultant 10/5 Soi Prachachuen 38 Bangsue District Bangkok.th 30. Fax: +66-2-524-6200 Email: pkipm@ait.Chanprasit@eastwestseed.com 21. Pathumthani 12120 Thailand Email: ongsakul@ait. Pathumthani 12120 Thailand Tel: +66-2-524-5477. PO Box 4. Fax: +66-2-524-6200 Email: abhamishra@ait. Sopana Yule Entomologist Asian Regional Center AVRDC . 4/F. Thailand Tel: +66-81 8173596 Fax: +66-2 589 5780 Email: lakchai@csloxinfo. Klong Lunag. Bangkok. Chatuchak. Paichayon Uathaveekul Chairman. Mr. Bangkhen. Pathumthani 12120. Kassetsart University. PO Box 4.ac. Klong Lunag. Mr. Dr.The World Vegetable Center. THAILAND Tel: +66-2-9428686 or 66-2-9428687 Fax: +66-2-9428688 Email: Narinder. Klong Lunag.The World Vegetable Center. 4/F.asia and pkipm@yahoo. Pornchai Chanprasit Seed production research manager Eastwest Seeds (Thailand) Email: Pornchai. 65/2 Moo 6 Tambon Donkhoi Kampaengsan. Narinder Dhillon Vegetable Breeder-Cucurbit Asian Regional Center AVRDC . Thailand Email: joy@ait. PatchreeMenakanit 10/5 Soi Prachachuen 38 Bangsue District Bangkok.com 23. Abha Mishra Affiliated Faculty-cum-Senior Research Specialist ASE/SERD AIT. Ms. Weerakorn Ongsakul Dean. Kassetsart University.asia 46 .org 29. Klong Lunag. Research & Development Bldg. Thailand Tel: (66-34) 351 025-6. Thailand Tel: +66-2-524-5459. Thailand Tel:+66-2579-3649. SERD Asian Institute of Technology PO Box 4.dhillon@wordveg.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 20. Ms.ac. Dr. Prabhat Kumar Coordinator (Asian FF Fly IPM Project) Affiliated Faculty-cum-Senior Research Specialist ASE/SERD . Dr. 352 576 Fax: (66-34) 352 639 Email: exotic@thaifreshproduce. Swift Co. Prof. Mr.asia 27. Klong Lunag. Peeyush Soni Adjunct Faculty (ASE) ASE/SERD AIT. Bangkok 10900.com 32. Nakornpathom 73140. Dr.th 26. Bangkok 10900. Bangkhen. Fax +66-2-942-8355 Email: agrban@ku. Pathumthani 12120 Thailand Email: soni@ait. Ltd. Dr.com 28. Banpot Napompeth Founder and Adviser National Biological Control Research Center Kassetsart University PO Box 9-52. 10900. Thitipong Telavanich Samut Sakhon Provincial Administration Samut sakohn Province Thailand 24. Dr. Pathumthani 12120.asia 25. PO Box 4. Joydeep Dutta Vice President Academic Affairs Asian Institute of Technology Po Box 4. Mr. Thailand Tel: +66-81 8173596 Fax: +66-2 589 5780 22.

Pathumthani 12120. Mayuree Yasueb Master Student ASE/SERD AIT. Thailand 41. Thailand 35.com 37. Ms. Viswanathan Research Scientist "Agricultural Transition in Asia" (Rockefeller Foundation project) School of Environment Resources and Development (SERD) Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) Klong Luang. PO Box 4. Pathumthani Email: ssjothiganesh@gmail. AIT. Parish Nalavade Research Scientist (ASE) School of Environment.com 38. Fax: 808-808-956-7063 Email: maur@ctahr. Bangkok. Mr. Pathumthani 12120.8582261 Fax: 0084.hawaii. Pathumthani 12120. Jeerajit Dissana Master Student ASE/SERD AIT. RIMES AIT. HI 96822 USA Cell Phone: 808-220-0214. 73. Mr. Suraporn Onputtha Master Student ASE/SERD AIT. 3893125 Mobile: 091. Prof. Pathumthani 12120 Thailand 36. Klong Lunag. Klong Lunag. PO Box 4. Klong Lunag. Khagendra Master Student ASE/SERD AIT. Thailand 39. Resources and Development AIT. Klong Lunag.edu 34. Ancy Robinson Research Associate ASE/SERD AIT. PO Box 4. Nguyen Van Hoa Deputy Director General (Plant Pathologist) Sothern Horticulture Research Institute Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences Box 203 My Tho-Tien Giang. Honolulu. Dr. 3893122 Email: hoavn2003@gmail. Klong Lunag.Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project 33. Pathumthani 12120 Thailand Vietnam 44.K.Vietnam Phone: 0084 73. Patarapol Sumreddee Master Student ASE/SERD AIT. Jothiganesh Shanmugasundaram GIS Expert. Thailand 45. P. Chau Thanh Tien Giang. PO Box 4. Ronald F. Ms. Pathumthani 12120.vn cellphone: 0913962736 47 . Dr. Mr. PO Box 4. Suthamma Maneepitas Doctoral Student Natural Resource Management FOS SERD. Ho van Chien Director of Southern Plant Protection Center Long Dinh. Mr. Thailand (ASE) 40. Ms. PO Box 4. Ms. Mau Professor Emeritus Dept of Plant and Enviro. Pathumthani 12120. Vietnam Email: hvchien@vnn. Thailand United States of America 43. Mr. Pathumthani 12120. L. Klong Lunag. Protection Sci University of Hawaii at Manoa 3050 Maile Way.com Hoa_vn2003@yahoo. Thailand NRM/SERD 42. Klong Lunag. PO Box 4. Dr.

ICDF Ms. current Status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Vietnam Current range of novel products for Fruit flies and plans for the newer IPM fruit flies products Welcome Dinner (hosted by Asian Institute of Technology) Venue: Korea House. Resources and Development Expectations from the donor. crop losses and current management strategies Jan Willem Ketelaar FAO-RAP Loke Wai Hong CABI SE Center Paul Ferrar ACIAR-IPM Jothiganesh Shanmugasundaram Rui Cardoso Pereira FAO/IAEA 1215 1315 1345 1315 1345 1415 Lunch Break Distribution of fruit flies in Mekong countries: Preliminary findings using GIS mapping SIT & non-SIT based Area-Wide IPM of Fruit Flies: experiences and lessons learned Session II: Fruit Fly Management experiences from Mekong River Basin Countries Chair: Jan Willem Ketalaar.of Agril. AIT Time: 1830 pm . AIT Prof. India 1445 1500 1530 1600 1630 1700 1500 1530 1600 1630 1700 1730 Tea / Coffee Break Past experiences. Vishwanathan 1045 1115 1145 1115 1145 1215 Overview of FAO’s Integrated Pest Management Programme in Asia Invasive Pest Species in Asia – a management challenge to sustainable crop production General overview of Fruit Flies in Asia – species. Reporteur: S. life cycle. K. AIT 1000 1030 Tea / Coffee Break Session I: Fruit Flies in Asia Chair: Banpot Napompeth . Po-Pi Lee.the ICDF Overview from Global Horticulture Initiative Introduction of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Prof. Ghosh 1415 1445 Past experiences. Dean SERD Dr. Joydeep Dutta VPAA. Weerakorn Ongsakul. current Status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Myanmar Past experiences. India)* Day 1: 1ST September 2010 (Wednesday): Field Trip Field Trip (AM): Samut Sakhon Fruit fly management campaign Field Trip (PM): SWIFT’s Processing House & Kassetsart University. current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Cambodia Past experiences.Annex 2: Inception Workshop Schedule 31 August 2010 (Tuesday) Arrival of the participants Arrival of the participants and check-in (AIT Conference Center) Setting-up Demonstration stalls (seed companies. Reporteur: P. GHI Prabhat Kumar. Claudia Fichtner. Nakhon Pathom Day 2: 2ND September 2010 (Thursday) Venue: Room B 108 AIT Conference Center Time 0900 0915 0925 0935 0945 0915 0925 0935 0945 1000 800 – 850 am : Registration & Introduction to AIT (VDO Show) Activity Opening Speech (Opening of IPM AIT Website. BCRL. current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Thailand Dept. Myanmar National IPM Programme Vietnam BCRL. Extension Thailand National IPM Programme Cambodia National IPM Programme Lao PDR Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation. K. Beta version) Who Introduction -School of Environment. biology. current status and plans for the Fruit Fly IPM for smallholder vegetable and fruit growers in Lao PDR Past experiences.

Logo Selection: Potential logos for this project have been developed with assistance from FAO IPM staff and would be displayed on a board for voting. Please vote for the logo that you think represents this project best ND before the evening of 2 September 2010. Reporteur: AlmaLinda Abubakar Time Session III: Planning for the Area Wide Fruit Fly IPM Project Activity Recapitulation & summary of Session II ST Sharing of experiences from the field trip of 1 September 2010 by each group Work Plan Development: GIS mapping Country Work Plans Fruit Fly Management Experiences from Hawaii IPM Programme Who 0830 0930 Dada/ Kumar 0930 1000 Prof. Thailand NIPM. September 2010 (Friday) Chair: Ronald Mau. Lao PDR MA Myanmar NIPM. India Kumar/Dada Workshop Closing Dinner (hosted by FAO Regional IPM Programme) Venue: Ploen Restaurant Time: 1800 hrs Notes: Demonstration stall will remain until the end of the workshop and participants are encouraged to visit and learn the various IPM products for their possible use in the action research programme. Vietnam BCRl. 49 .Inception & Planning Workshop Report: Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Day 3: 3RD. Thailand Cambodia Lao PDR Myanmar Vietnam BCRL LOGO selection and follow-up DoAE. Final vote count will take place towards the end of the workshop RD on 3 September 2010 to choose a logo for this project. Mau All national IPM Progarrme 1000 1015 1015 1215 Tea / Coffee Break Group work – work plan development 1215 1330 1350 1410 1430 1450 1510 1530 1330 13350 1410 1430 1450 1510 1530 1540 Lunch Break Work Plan Presentation. Cambodia NIPM.

52 ha Where Who (target person) Growers Farmers Approach area How 218.200 4.72 hectare Buget(USD) responsible When 1 2 characterize area of interest Farmer trainer Apr-11 one a week from seeding 'til harvesting one a week from seeding 'til harvesting monthly after harvest Kasetsombun. NE Thailand SI Activities Total area 1143.000 DoAE DoAE 3 training framer on FFS suppression via FFS Follow up & monitoring Evaluation workshop & planning development Farmers FFS 6.000 4. Chaiyaphum Kasetsombun.699 .999 DoAE 4 5 DoAE staff DoAE staff + farmer leaders focus group interview participatory workshop 2.Annex 3: Work Plan for FF IPM in Thailand Crop: CHILLI Province: Chaiyaphum. Chaiyaphum baseline survey FFS 2.500 DoAE DoAE 19. Chaiyaphum Kasetsombun. Chaiyaphum Kasetsombun. Chaiyaphum Kasetsombun.

733 DoAE 2.Crop: Tropical fruits Province: Samut Sakhon SI Activities 1 2 3 4 characterize area of interest Farmer trainer via FFS monthly Area 1400 ha Budget (USD) responsible org.500 DoAE 15. Samut Sakhon Kasetpattana.000 DoAE 4. Samut Sakhon Kasetpattana.160 .427 Demonsatration to farmer ontime on FF suppression Establish Trapping network Follow up & monitoring whole year( 52 Kasetpattana. Samut Sakhon Who(target person) Growers Farmers Farmers Volunteer Farmers(15 persons) DoAE staff DoAE staff + farmer leaders How baseline survey FFS FFS Steiner Trap 1.000 DoAE 2. Samut Sakhon 5 6 Evaluation workshop & after harvest planning development focus group interview participatory workshop 1. weeks) Samut Sakhon monthly Kasetpattana. Samut Sakhon Kasetpattana. When Where Kasetpattana.500 DoAE 3.

Kandal .Train IPM trainers on technical aspects of fruit fly management .Current status of damages and crop loss .At provincial level in one pilot area .Farmers Groups discussions .Conduct experiment for testing protein bait and Cure lure .Feb to March 2011 3600 700 4 Conduct mini-TOT for IPM trainers .Technical back stopping from Experts (BCRL) .Analysis and report Location .Battambang .Two months from Dec.Two week analysis Late Sep-Oct.One week preparation .Kampong Cham . 2010 Budget US$ 1500 2 Baseline survey on farmer’s knowledge and practices on .Develop FFS module.Two weeks in fourth week of April 2011 3000 .Kandal .Battambang When .Kampong Cham .Two week in the field . observations .In the office . AIT) .Pest control methods applied Conduct adaptive research at farm level 3 Develop training module .Cultivation .Use existing training models from other countries (FAO / AIT?) .Use backstopping from Experts on Fruit Fly from FAO & AIT .Use trainers from national (if available) and international level (FAO. 1 Work Plan for FF IPM in Cambodia Activities How .Annex 4: No.Survey using questionnaires. 2010 to Feb 2011 . .May 2011 – Sep 2011 .

2011 country (Vietnam) Focus group interview .In pilot areas After ending the first FFS .1500 Observation.Educate on Melon fly management with existing FFS group of IPM farmers or new groups 6 Report back to Programme and future planning Evaluation of outcome of activities - 7 8 Post FFS activities When Budget . 5 Activities Conduct 6 FFS on Fruit Fly How . 2012 Regional workshop to share experiences In one target On Oct.No.1200 with farmers season Location . 2011-March.700 .in pilot areas National IPM Programme of GDA Provincial Department of Agriculture Budget = UD$15.Whole cropping .4200 season starting MayAugust 2011. and Dec.Target areas End of season (Sept / Oct . 2011) or after season Measuring the crop lost on experimental (starting new production sites season) Continue activities on Fruit Fly management .

500.PPC staff -Collection of information on pest (Biology. -Interactive class room lectures and field exposure 1000. Conduct baseline surveys of Fruit Fly on important fruit and vegetable crops 2.00 Activity 1. who NIPM and PPC staff How -Using survey formats -Sampling with traps Estimated budget 1. cucurbitae: Oct 2010-Dec 2010) B.00 .00 NIPM office NIPM . Develop training materials B. PAFO and DAFO staff in 2 provinces 3.750.00 5. dorsalis Jan 2011-June 2011 Oct 2010-Dec 2011 Vientiane capital & province.Annex 5: Work Plan for FF IPM in Lao PDR when Nov-Dec 2010 where Vientiane capital & province.000. NIPM . Review with experts. Organize Training of Trainers (TOT) on Fruit Fly management Jan 2011 Vientiane capital or Vientiane province IPM trainers. local practices. Conduct participatory research on Fruit Fly management Output: Best-bet Fruit Fly Management strategy identified (1-2-3 ) 4. ecology and management techniques)and Diagnostics (pest identification based on the symptoms).PPC staff and farmers -Experiment design/layout -Select the target group of of farmers 1.

core IPM trainers and key farmers -Develop posters and leaflet on fruit fly mgt -Distribution -Impact Assessment -population monitoring -reduce level of infestation -adoption of technology -increase marketability of produce 1. Organization of farmer forum to present results\promote area-wide fruit fly management 9.250.00 750. Follow-up field training\action research activities to fine-tune bestbet management strategies 8.Activity 6.000.00 Aug 2011onward Oct-Nov 2011 Vientiane capital & province.00 April.July 2011 Vientiane capital & province.000. Project evaluation when Feb-April2011 where Vientiane capital. Vientiane prov Fruit and vegetable farmers who How -Selection of farmers -Transfer of knowledge from Master trainers to the farmers -Provide technical support to trainers and farmers Estimated budget (US$) 3. leaflets 10. Trained farmers -Meeting 650. Awareness raising through posters. NIPM team 2.000.PPC. NIPM office Extension staff farmers and trader DOA. Conduct pilot FFS on Fruit Fly management of selected fruit and vegetable crops 7.00 Total 15.00 .00 Aug 2011 Vientiane Prov.

once/two wks (off-season)Once/wk (Season) OctoberDecember .Annex 6: Sl. 2010 to August 2011 September. Ecology of Fruit Fly. Protein Baits (3-4 trap (minimum). 2010 (Off Season) Dec. 2010 PPD Extension Staffs & farmers Mango farmers Farmer’s lack knowledge on fruit flies and its management To help the farmers adapt the technology as preventive measures at the early stage Through farmers Myanmar mango group 5 Shan (South)State. -determine the adaptability of the technologies .By interviewing the growers . Study on Biology (Season) To disseminate the appropriate knowledge of Pest and Technology Baseline Data Collection Once/two wks (off-season) Once/wk (Season) Developing of training modules specific of fruit fly biology. 1 Activities Work Plan for FF IPM in Myanmar Where Shan (South)State. Mandalay Division Yangon Division 4 Distribution of the protein baits to the growers Distribution of the bags. recommended practices which are eco-friendly. Dissemination of knowledge on fruit flies 2 Project staffs from PPD 3 Shan (South)State. Mandalay Division Yangon Division Shan (South)State. Mandalay Division Yangon Division Shan (South)State. traps and lures to the growers Data Collection.study on Population Dynamic. 2011 to August 2012 Project Participated Staffs from PPD By setting up the traps of Methyl Eugenol (3-4 traps/ac). study on Population Dynamic. 2010 to October 2010 who Project staffs from PPD How By setting up the traps of Methyl Eugenol (3-4 traps/ac) Collection of resources and exploring of locally adapted management practices through collaboration Training Why Species Identification. Mandalay Division Yangon Division September. symptoms. Mandalay Division Yangon Division When September.

b. and improved 1500 exposed to FF IPM.its use in the site selection As a part of the Inception & Planning Report . To develop extension materials and share project activities through a website for better understanding and awareness and support development of Asian fruit fly Network. To adapt. curricula for the FF IPM As a part of the six-monthly reports. c. c. f. 4. 2010 Summary field study and Training of trainers reports. 3. 2011 (FFS) & Nov. additional and food security. interest of the trainers and farmers for the program successful development of pack age & its implementation IPM Extension materials (bilingual) June .) 24 FFS and 720 farmers 1 emphasis on toxic synthetic (equitible participation of women pesticides leading to food safety farmers in FFS) trained. 5 GIS maps showing vulnerable area (country wise and Mek ong wise) . host-range and other needed information Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly.June 2012 (consolidaiton of results.Annex 7: Log-frame (draft) of the Asian Fruit Fly IPM Project Time Line (esimated) May 2012 2010-June Overall Objectives Objectively verifiable indicators of achievement a. development of extension brochures) . and compilation of basic crop 2 management practices. d. Also available on planned website of the project Inception and Planning work shop Inception and planning report Which factors and conditions outside the Beneficiary's responsibility are necessary to achieve that objective? (external conditions) Which risk s should be tak en into consideration? Availability of in-depth quantitative and quality information in implementing countries are crucial for compilation of the information Availability quantitative and detail information on seasonality.) Govt. Also will be available on the planned website for wider circulation and comments Nov.) Six-monthly reports. occurrences. integrate and finally assemble local fruit fly IPM strategies for countries in Mekong region based on pre-season.) focus on Mekong river basin Training curricula. To assess the current status of fruit fly occurrences. name & list of trainers trained.) Continued support & understanding from the donors and GHI on emerging situation What are the sources of information that exist or can be collected? What are the methods required to get this information? Specific Objectives 1.Nov. 2010 May-Oct.) farmers along with implementation Final report partners remain interested and fruit flies continue to occur as pest for fruits and vegetables in the region.a. in-season and post-harvest techniques and capacity building of 3 IPM trainers. host-range.) Three. Also will be available on the planned website for wider circulation and comments Website and hard copies Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly. 2010 .) Smallholder fruits and vegetable monthly reports. extension countries brochures and dedicated FF IPM website established Which indicators clearly show that the objective of the action has been achieved? Intervention logic Sources and means of Assumptions verification a. past management efforts. b. d.) Inception and Planning report. interest of the trainers and farmers for the program May-Oct. e.April 2011 (Adpative research & TOT) FFS reports As a part of the six-monthly reports.) GIS maps of the and safe fruit and vegetable crops intensive Fruit fly and Melon fly areas by sustainably practicing integrated in each of 4 country and on a Mek ong pest management with least basis. To develop GIS assisted maps of the fruit fly infected areas leading to selection of project implementing sites. 2011 April 2012 (seond season FFS) March . To educate farmers using Farmer’s Field School (FFS) on locally adapted fruit fly IPM .) Current status of the FF problem To enhance knowledge on fruit fly ecology and management among in the region. 1 2. b.) Availability of the locally adapted IPM pack age for FF smallholder women and men IPM in 2 selected locations in Mek ong farmers to be able to grow healthy countries. & income in Asian countries with a Plant Protection officials exposed to FF issues in all 4 countries. 4 5.

of farmers trained and exposed to FF IPM FFS. Behaviour changes of the farmers. curricula for the FFS developed for each country for fruit fly and/or melon fly Number of FFS. season for area selection 2 Action research conducted at selected site and 100 IPM trainers trained in intensive TOT to learn the monitoring and implementation on fruit fly IPM 3 strategies Twenty four pilot FFS for training of 720 farmers in Mek ong countries trained on applying fruit fly IPM FFS. 1500 farmers will be exposed through field days 4 Five hundred copies of locally appropriate and field tested extension brochures on FF IPM will be developed 5 and distributed What are the indicators to measure What are the sources of information for whether and to what extent the action these indicators? achieves the expected results? Inception and Planning work shop Inception and planning report What external conditions must be met to obtain the expected results on schedule? Interest of the country collaborators & availability of the quantitative information from the past projects Availability of in-depth quantitative and quality information from secondary sources on fruit flies Inception and planning work shop where each country will use GIS maps for planning of project implementation area Number of action research conducted using innovative IPM strategies. area covered. area. cost-benefit analysis of using FF IPM FFS Availability of the bi-lingual extension brochures on the FF IPM in each four countries Inception and planning report As a part of the six-monthly reports.The results are the outputs envisaged to achieve the specific objective. Also will Occurrences of Fruit fly & melon fly. Occurrences of the fruit flies and Information will be updated on the website as interest of the trainers and farmers in and when they area available from the field managing them On website and as a part of the final technical report Achievement of successes in managing FF in each countries and interest of local communities in having more information . crops. What are the expected results? (enumerate Expected Results them) Status of the Fruit fly management in Mek ong region 1 GIS maps on occurrences of fruit flies as per crops. be available on the planned website for wider interest of the trainers and farmers for circulation and comments the program Six-monthly and final technical report. No.

equipments. operational facilities. supplies. supplies Three and six-monthly report. training.2010 Oct.What are the k ey activities to be carried out and in what sequence in order to produce the expected results? (group the activities by result) Activities Act. 2010 .Site selection implementation for the project Personnel.000 Personnel. 2010 Act.000 Website. supplies.June 2012 the society (consolidaiton of results.000 Three and six-monthly reports. 2011 April 2012 (seond season FFS) Nov. Objective 1 Personnel. on fruit flies Interest of the country collaborators and Government support to the project Interest of the country collaborators and Government support to the project May-Oct.2. Project Planning: 26.500 Need to extend FF IPM among others in March . losses.2.2. 0 interest of the other farmers from the communities to learn about FF IPM Interest among plant protection personnel on fruit fly IPM and/or management issues May 2010-June 2012 June .1. international workshop Act. supplies.000 Data collected and utilized for the planning purposes as reported in country paper that will be presented during inception work shop. establishment of the Letter of Agreement (LOA) and Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) Regional work shop : 37. operational facilities. GIS mapping 25. seasonality and past management experiences and future possibilities Act. personnel. Exposure to 1500 additional farmers through field-days Act. website development. training. season. supplies May-Oct. 2011 (FFS) & Nov. 2011 Nov.Oct. Current status of the crop management practices in relation to the fruit fly occurrences. farmers k nowledge etc Act. studies. training. equipments Personnel. Conduction of local workshops in conjunction with FFS & participation in regional.000 What pre-conditions are required before the action starts? What conditions outside the Beneficiary's direct control have to be met for the implementation of the planned activities? Interest of the country collaborators & availability of the quantitative information from the past projects. Personnel.000 Source of information: Project planning report that will be presented during inception work shop. endemic areas in collaborating countries equipments. Adaptive and basic research on establishing locally suitable IPM package Act.3. losses. Adaptive research 15. seasonality. 1.000 reports. Government support to the project Interest of the country collaborators and Government support to the project May .000 Six-monthly reports. training. occurrences etc. 2010 Six-monthly reports.1. 2010 Sp. equipment and supplies Personnel. Identification of k ey fruit fly Personnel. Trial development 9. Exposure visit 4. Project Planning work shop M eans: What are the means required to implement these activities. equipments and facilities Six-monthly report and final report Three & six-monthly reports. 7.Oct.April 2012 May 2010-Nov. Training of trainers course Personnel. Production of extension brochures (500 copies) bi-lingual in each 4 country Personnel. supplies Brochures. website Website. supplies Availability of the quantitative information pertaining to the crop. Site selection and survey 2. operational facilities. Objective 5 Act.000 Occurrences of the fruit flies and interest of the farmers and trainers Three & six-monthly trainers 21. equipments and facilities supplies.2. equipment.000 Site selected and planned reported in Inception work shop. supplies May . crops hosts. 10. Development of website on FF IPM Act. operational supplies. supplies What are the sources of information about action progress? Costs: What are the action costs? How are they classified? What are the action costs? (break down in the Budget for the Action) Source of information: Three-monthly updates. Thirty (30) personnel from plant protection departments will be exposed to the project and leanings Act. development of extension brochures) The plant protection communities May 2010-June remained interested in fruit fly IPM 2012 issues .April 2012 Nov. Network. Population monitoring and establishment of AESA methods for FF IPM FFS Act.1. Possible research on FF IPM by national of Mekong country Act. g. Field day 10. Brochures 6.2010 Personnel.Nov.700 Act. Objective 2 Act.3. supplies Sp. e.2. supplies. equipments and operational facilities Personnel. supplies Personnel. supplies.4. Objective 3 Act.2010 May 2012 2010-June Personnel. Objective 4 Sp. FFS 32. Twenty-four (24 ) FFS will be conducted and total 24x30 = 720 farmers will be trained in FF IPM in Mekong countries Act. equipments.000 GIS maps for each country for both melon and fruit fly available on project website.000 Three and six-monthly report. Establishment of Asian Fruit Fly IPM Network Personnel. operational facilities. etc. training of Occurrences of fruit flies.3. equipments and operational facilities Occurrences of the fruit flies and interest of the farmers and trainers Nov. baseline survey 4. equipments and operational facilities Personnel. 1: Current status of the fruit fly in collaborating countries and in Mek ong region. 2010 . 2011 2010-April 2010-April Spl. operational Personnel. 4. 2010 Spl. 3. availability of the proven and working options for fruit fly IPM and interest of farmers and IPM trainers Interest of individual to undertake research on fruit fly IPM Occurrences of the fruit flies and interest of the farmers and trainers Nov.