Hijaab in Islam

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Compiled by: Students of Jamea Tul Imam Muhammad Zakaria (R.A)
jamea publication no.5 1st Edition SAFAR 1419-JUNE 1998

Introduction How Hijaab Came in to Being Hijaab in the Blessed Era of The Prophet sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam The Observance of Hijaab in Time of Difficulty Hijaab from a Blind The Necessities of Hijaab & Consequences of Negligence Violations of Hijaab Qur’anic Tafseer Upon Hijaab Conclusion

see also Hijaab - by a student of Darul Uloom, Holcombe UK High Esteem of Women in Islam


In the Name of Allah the Most Beneficient and Merciful
This article portrays a broad representation of the issues of hijaab. Hijaab is seen as a very controversial issue and many argue that the ones ‘ under cover’ are undeniably attracting the most attention, a belief which confuses the logic of hijaab. Firstly, the observers of hijaab may be a minority within certain regions which is the case in many a town or city, however, this is obviously the case due to the number of Muslim sisters whom have chosen



htm 8/15/2009 . The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam himself found this a desirable suggestion however.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. Is it not time that we allowed our faith to snub out feelings of doubt and inferiority which are merely emotions created by the forever menacing Shaitaan ? [Back to contents] How Hijaab Came To Being Islam being an eternal religion has thus catered for man’s life upon this world in the most stringent of ways and so Islam has not only defined the lawful from the unlawful. The Holy Quran contains 7 verses altogether concerning Hijaab. The actual date of the revelation governing Hijaab is one of differing opinions however. working within a brewery etc. The Quranic tafseer (commentary) upon these mentioned verses can be read within this booklet. From amongst the 7 Quranic verses. and it is these very persons whom chose to voice such discouraging and demeaning statements. In order that such acts are ruled out the revelations governing Hijaab were ordained upon mankind. Shortly afterwards the revelations of Hijaab were revealed successively.g. it has also made unlawful all acts/objects which would resultantly procure unlawfulness. Hazrat Umar (R.inter-islam. Such a statement however is a representation of sheer ignorance and is denial of faith which is bestowed by the All Provider: the Almighty Allah. This era was a period of time which held many highly ranked and pious households whom. i. the people of this era were the refined and decent of man however. from the very beginning the free mingling of the opposite sex was an act which held dislike and opposition. 3 of these are featured within Surah Noor and 4 in Surah Ahzaab.H. Hijaab was ordained as compulsory within 3. however. Thus.Hijaab in Islam Page 2 of 12 to neglect such a worthy act.A.e. The first of the revelations concerning Hijaab is as follows : http://www. Lustful gazing have also been defined as unlawful. scholars are unanimous upon the fact that the verses within Surah Ahzaab were revealed before those of Surah Noor.A) once suggested to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam that the wives of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam should observe the veil as many differing persons of differing manners and natures visit the houses of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.With anything in life determination is a much needed characteristic. These revelations were revealed unto mankind within the actual era of Prophecy. In the same manner adultery is unlawful within Islam and so in view of this any such acts which may lead to this e. in conjunction to this any acts/objects which could lead to the consumption of alcohol are also defined as unlawful for example the selling of alcohol. through their piety did not allow free mingling of the opposite sex. There are more than 70 invaluable ahadith which are concerned with matters regarding Hijaab.A.H or 5. The observance of hijaab will Insha’Allah reap a glorious Hereafter and uncountable benefits in this world . he was unable to turn the suggestion into a practicality as the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was in wait of divine revelation. The act of drinking alcohol has been defined as unlawful.

Some Muslim women questioned. [Back to contents] Hijaab In The Era Of Prophecy Many a time people have argued whether Sahaabiyaat (the female Companions of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam used to observe Hijaab or not. "Tell me what is the most worthy act of a woman?" Upon hearing this all the Companions of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam remained silent.that even the menstruating women and the veiled girls should also join the Eid congregation (in order that the congregation may project a greater number of Muslims for onlooking non-Muslims)." Surah Ahzaab. "If one of us does not have a veil should we still attend the congregation?" The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam answered. is merely false consolation and bears little or no weight. Nasai and Mishkaat) Considering the fact that all female believers are the daughters of the Prophet Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam and that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam himself was flawless. There are many evidential ahadith and incidents which reinforce the observance of Hijaab and actual veiling of the female face within the era of the glorious prophecy. the above incident is evidence enough of the fact that the Sahaabiyaat were observers of Hijaab." (Musnad-e-Bazzaar) From this hadith we have learnt that Hijaab is the most important item in a woman’s life. Hazrat Aa’isha (R.htm 8/15/2009 . She replied. "A woman should not see any man nor should a man see her.Hijaab in Islam Page 3 of 12 "Do not enter the houses of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam unless you have been granted permission.A) further reports that when I returned to my house I forwarded the same question to Hazrat Fatimah (R. Hazrat Ali (R.A) narrates that once he was in the presence of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam when the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam questioned. "I then related this to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and he stated that Fatimah is my beloved child. The whole aim for a woman is to keep her beauty hidden so that it is not revealed to a ‘non-mehram’ (to whom marriage is permissible) which could finally lead to evil acts. Such arguments are predominantly centered around the actual veiling of the face.A) narrates that on one occasion a female fellow Muslim wanted to give a letter to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.inter-islam. "Her (Muslim) sister should cover her in her cloak. Hazrat Ali (R.A).This argument however." (Mishkaat) [Back to contents] THE OBSERVANCE OF HIJAAB IN TIME OF DIFFICULTY: http://www. Hazrat Umme Atiyyah (R. the letter was delivered to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam from behind a curtain.A) has narrated that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam once ordered that upon the day of Eid.org/Lifestyle/hijaab." Hazrat Ali (R.A) says. for this reason she has understood properly. (Abu Dawood. proclaiming that such an act was not alive within the Sahabiyaat.

we see the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ordering his wives to observe hijaab even in the presence of a blind person. The Holy Prophet SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam ordered us to observe hijaab. When she arrived she had a veil covering her face. "How can this be possible?" The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam replied.inter-islam. [Back to contents] HIJAAB FROM A BLIND PERSON: Hazrat Umme Salamah (R.e. Upon seeing this one of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said." Upon hearing this the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said.A) came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam to inquire about her son who had been killed in one of the battles in the path of Allah. "If I have lost my son I have not lost my modesty.htm 8/15/2009 . "How is it that even under such unfortunate conditions (inspite of such grief and sorrow) you wear the Hijaab?" Hazrat Umme Khallad (R.A) and I were in the presence of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam when Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Umme Maktoom (R. I replied "Oh Prophet of Allah he is unable to see us. That in the least so that they be recognised and not be molested.org/Lifestyle/hijaab.A) narrates that once Hazrat Maimoona (R." (i. "Because ‘Ahl-e-Kitab’ (people of the book." (Narration of Abu-Dawood) From this we can learn how the Sahabiyaat (those women who saw the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam after accepting Islam) remained firm upon the observance of hijaab even at times of difficulty and misery. Jews.A) replied.e I should not lose them both) Then the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam replied. Tirmizi and Abu Dawood) Thus. As he was blind it never occured to us that it was necessary to observe hijaab." (Surah Ahzaab) "And remain within your homes and do not make an exibition ( of your selves) like the displays (of the http://www. "Are you both also blind? Are you not casting your sight upon him?" (Mishkaat. "Your son will gain the reward of two martyrs. i. Aameen. How is it that as wrong doers we can throw wild accusations in the direction of the beloved Sahaabiyaat? May the Almighty provide us with willful understanding and keep us safe from joining the slanderers of this world. therefore we remained seated.Hijaab in Islam Page 4 of 12 Hazrat Qais Ibne Shammas (R. The above highlighted incidents stand as proof enough of hijaab in the era of Prophecy. [Back to contents] THE NECCESSITIES OF HIJAAB AND CONSEQUENCES OF NEGLIGENCE "Oh Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam! Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw over them their jilbaabs (cloaks)." She asked.A) reports that Umme Khallad (R.A) arrived. Christians ) have killed him.

(24." Do not approach near fornification. or the fascination that the opposite sex has for her." http://www.Hijaab in Islam Page 5 of 12 immoral women) of former times of ignorance. financial. The Quran reads." From the above hadith we learn that the Shaitan used the women as his avenue to creat evil in society. The Quran proclaims. goodness and justice. In Islam a woman’s real worth is not accounted by exhibiting a half exposed body.inter-islam. This observation of rules is termed as hijaab/ purdah. Insecure feelings. Each sex have their own responsibility and duties to perform according to their emotional and biological nature." Commentary : This means that Shaitaan used women as a means to trap man into doing evil. rather it is by her modesty. "Verily a woman walks in the form of Shaytaan. When she is in the innermost part of the home it is then that she is closest to her Lord . On her shoulders does not lie the burden of financial problems. In the second hadith we learn that a woman should not be revealed to strangers and that the coming out of the home can only cause mischief as Shaitan awaits and gives her his evil and full attention.31). moral and physical problems have driven the non-Muslim women from the boundries of her home. And tell the believing woman to lower their gaze and be modest. For this reason Islam teaches both men and women in order to secure such a society. piety and moral conduct. hoping that through this she can overcome her insecurity and inferiority against men. Amongst other things it disciplines the human urge for the opposite sex so that both sexes can live in pure wedlock and have full control over their beastal desires. In the process she has had to abandon her modesty and dignity at the cost of moral and spiritual life. Her great responsibility lies in the upbringing of the nation’s next generation. This code protects. wards off evil inclinations and bad influences. In another tradition the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said. Caution is taken in the very first steps so that man is prevented from plungering into the abyss of immorality and shamelessness which can be witnessed today. Her approaching and recoiling are in the form of Shaytaan. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said. therefore she has no need to venture out of her home unlike the non-Muslim women. which in a way is greater than man’s. The main aim of purdah or hijaab is to guard the spiritual and moral purity of man. Breaching these codes of principles may resultantly endanger the purity and goodness of society.htm 8/15/2009 . "Verily the woman is aurah ( anything that is concealed by shame and prudency) whenever she leaves the home the Shaitan raises his eyes and looks towards her.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. The same has been ordered for man as well. In Islam a woman feels a great sense of security and enjoys a high status of honour and dignity within her home and out." (Surah Ahzaab) One of the fundamental principles of Islam is to establish a system of virtue. To achieve this objective Islam has a code of behaviour.

inter-islam.Hijaab in Islam Page 6 of 12 Shame and respect are natural qualities in man. Only in this belated age of modernity do people have a divergent view on modesty. In the sixties when our elders first came to Britain it was impossible to keep a beard or wear a topi. Besides Islam which other religion or nation has given homes full protection from exploitation from strangers? While at the same time Islam guides women upon importance of purity and morality as well as upholding her status and dignity. "Verily modesty and faith are inter-related. Communities and nations progressed and were sucessful due to such social conduct.htm 8/15/2009 ." Is not the unveiling of women in our time along with the free mixing of both sexes the cause to some of the social and moral ailments? Many complain that the hijaab enjoined upon Muslim women is far too restrictive and rigid and is in order to keep inferior to man. be it that our testimonies are voiced or unvoiced. and friends who we daily visit become observers of hijaab then the situation would become one of the norm.) He also said. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was ordered to tell his wives and believing women to wear purdah so that they could be recognised as believing women and not molested. (Bayhaqi) [Back to contents] VIOLATIONS OF HIJAAB Many women today say that the wearing of veil is difficult and unimportant. When these cannot be found in him and his whole community. In the Holy Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) era the modesty and observance of hijaab amongst the Sahaabiyaat was at it’s peak despite the lesser need for it than today. hijaab may pose difficulties for Muslim women due to the environment surrounding them. The characteristic of Islam is modesty. if our mothers. Ignorance and misunderstanding can only be the cause of such beliefs. eliminating feelings of awkwardness and difficulty.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. rouges would mock such persons." (Ibn Majah. The evils of shamelessness. If one is taken out the other diminishes simultaneously". A woman is likened to a sweet creature. Is this not the case of todays women? The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said. everything about her is an attraction for spectators. "There is nothing left after me more dangerous to man than the temptations of women.e. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said. But today Alhamdulillah we see many muslim youngsters in the middle of the town dressed in jubbas and turbans without the slightest hesitation or fear. Islam protects her by enjoining her to wear hijaab so that the covering of herself does not attract men like the swamps of flies and dirty creatures are attracted to uncovered sweets as in the case of todays women who falls prey to this. of low morals and over liberated people are the main cause of destruction of any member or nation. http://www. sisters. "Every religion has a characteristic. Today. as humans we all bear testimony to this. what can be the outcome of this? You only have to look around us today to witness these atrocities caused by the negligence of immodesty. If we actively create an environment of hijaab i.

as no man can ever level with the standards of piety and http://www.Hijaab in Islam Page 7 of 12 The Thawaab and divine pleasure for reviving hijaab can be deduced from the following hadith. That is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam had a meal prepared in aid of the blessed marriage i. because discomfort was resultant not only for the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam but also for the blessed w ives too.A) reports: The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam came outside the small building and I was present there too. Upon return he found the gathering had not yet dispersed. It was then that the above verses were revealed to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Hazrat Anas (R. the rule applies to the whole Ummah. then we. unless permission be granted you. concerning the causes of the first revelation of Hijaab. So that the hearts and intents of both the believing men and women can stay clean and purified. Hazrat Zainab (R.A) had turned her face towards the wall in shame. To see such actions caused discomfort to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.ask it of them from behind a curtain. Again the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam left in annoyance. Seeing this act of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam many people understood and took leave. We learn that if such a revelation was related to the blessed wives of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam.’ (Part revelation of verse:53 Surah Ahzaab) Although the cause of revelation refers only to the blessed wives of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.Surah Ahzaab. Lo." After Hazrat Zainab bint Jahash enjoined in marriage with the blessed Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.e.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. who in all means stand as our pillars of guidence. "He who adheres to my Sunnah at a time when my Ummah has become corrupt will obtain the Thawaab of a hundred martyrs. Waleemah.inter-islam. she was brought into the small house situated in the Haram of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Reason being. In a narration of Tirmizi it is stated that the blessed Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and Ummul Mu’mineen Hazrat Zainab (R. I was present throughout the whole incident and I witnessed the acts of the Sahaabaa and the Prophet Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam. Although the verses do not openly explain the form and procedures of Hijaab. After the dinner was served many people stayed behind and lingered for purposes of conversation. But if ye are invited. they have given an explanation as to refrain from going to the Prophet’s Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam houses.A) also remained there. the unworthy. In a narration of Bukhari.A) explains: " I am the most known amongst the people. Hazrat Anas (R." [Back to contents] QURANIC TAFSEER UPON HIJAAB "O ye who believe! Enter not the dwellings of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam for a meal without waiting for the proper time. who took leave and visited the other blessed wives. too must also consider the matter and follow in accordance. that would cause annoyance to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and he would be shy of (asking) you (to go) but Allah is not shy of the truth. enter and when your meal is ended then disperse. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said.htm 8/15/2009 ." The above is a part revelation of verse : 53. Following onwards the Quran portrays : ‘ And when ye ask of them (the wives of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) anything. Linger not for conversation.

A woman is like a precious rare stone. Allah Ta’aalaa has ordained the blessed wives.’ Along with this limitation. It would be considered useless if she concealed her whole body.’ This reveals to us the fact that there will be another period when darkness will over power the true light to cause disruption within the living people again. enclose herself within the ‘Jilbaab’ and accomplish her needs.A) inquired to Hazrat Ubaydah Salmaani (R. according to the specification of Abdullah ibn Abbas (R. In the above mentioned Aayah.)has reported the discription of ‘Jilbaab’ from Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbas (R. http://www." (Part revelation : Surah Ahzaab) The times of ignorance mentioned in the Aayah indicate the days of darkness previous to the light and expandations of Islam. Allah Ta’aalah has further stated in the Holy Quran : ‘O.inter-islam. as these give invitation towards corruptive acts. the most valuable and attractive recognition is her face. her duties lie within her home. Reflecting upon the present situation of the ways of the world. However. and revealed her face.A) about the ‘Jilbaab’ and its form of concealment.A. Allah Ta’aalaa has stated in the Holy Quran: "And stay in your houses.A) taught through demonstration by drawing a large cloth over his head and then covered the face allowing a small opening by the left eye for purposes of seeing. Merciful.) : ‘A thick cloth in which a woman conceals herself from head to toe allowing a narrow opening by the eye for means of seeing. ‘The first/early days of ignorance.A. Hazrat Ubaydah (R. That will be better so that they may be recognised and not annoyed.Hijaab in Islam Page 8 of 12 purity of the blessed Sahaabaa/Sahaabiyaat. daughters and believing women of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam to observe ‘Hijaab’. it becomes apparent that a woman was created with a homely character. If there were such restrictions. refrain from mingling in crowds of men. adorn not yourself with the adornment of the times of ignorance. the woman must walk to one side of the path. Prophet ! (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them (when they go out). Allah is ever Forgiving. We see the evil growth of ignorance is casting it’s magnitudinal force. we can witness this fact. What could be more worthy of being kept ‘well hidden’ than her face? Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Mas’ood (R.htm 8/15/2009 . then we. therefore the Islamic law requires her to stay at home. in all circumstances should restrict ourselves more severely in matters such as these.A). for this is where a woman’s beauty lies.’ Imam Mohammad Ibn Seereen (R.’ (Verse: 59 Surah Ahzaab) Hazrat Ibne Jareer (R. If one looks towards the inner meaning of the Aayah. not apply perfume or any other forms of scent. The Holy Qur’an has referred to these days as. if the need arises she is permitted to leave her home.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. unfortunately the very ways and teachings of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam are being neglected.A) has given the following definition for the ‘Jilbaab’: ‘The large cloth which is worn over the large head scarf (dupattah). or wear tinkling jewellery that cause attraction.

friends. The verses upon ‘Hijaab’ in Surah Noor were revealed in the year 06. In contrast several others as mentioned in ‘Tafseer Ibn Katheer’ and ‘Naylul-Awtaar’ give a stronger view towards the occurence of the incident to have taken place in the year 05. or male attendants who lack vigour. And turn unto Allah together. and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent.A) and Ubaydah Salmaani (R. The following part revelation of verse: 60. This has also been narrated from Hazrat Anas (R. A. Lo! Allah is aware of what they do.A) has stated : "It can be found in many narrations that the believing women would go out in such concealment that only one eye would be revealed for means of seeing.A.A). an agreement was finally made on the narration of Hazrat Anas (R. "Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty. Surah Noor explains : " In such a way as not to show adornment. believers in order that you may succeed.inter-islam.H. if unintentionally any loss or misconduct occurs within the observation of Hijaab.H. and to draw their veils over their bosoms." (Surah Noor. or their brother’s sons or sister’s sons or their women or their slaves. verses: 30-31) "And tell the believing men to lower their gaze.H." However. And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest. relatives etc. Allah Ta’aalaa is most forgiving. The scholars’ views differ as to when this incident took place. However. and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husband’s fathers or their sons or their husband’s sons or their brothers. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. O. So. Many scholars view this incident to have taken place in the year 03. or children who know naught of womens nakedness. accordingly in the age of corruption. The Aayah openly explains the necessity of ‘Hijaab’ for women of all ages and times. which was revealed at the time of the respected marriage of Hazrat Zainab bint Jahash (R. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam once said to his blessed wives: "I permit you to leave your homes whenever the need arises. Many Sahaabiyaat would accompany the blessed Sahaabaa at the time of battle.org/Lifestyle/hijaab." Relating to this http://www. They would also take leave for purposes such as performing the blessed pilgrimage as well as the optional Umrah. nursing the wounded etc.htm 8/15/2009 . that is purer for them.Hijaab in Islam Page 9 of 12 Both explanations of Ibne Abbas (R." One interpretation of the Aayah explains that having dressed accordingly as the Quran.A) at the blessed hands of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.A). Commentary upon ‘Hijaab’ is covered sufficiently under the verses of Surah Ahzaab.A. to cover the face would fall as a compulsory act upon every Muslim woman. The observance of Hijaab was obediently adhered to in result of the revelations of Surah Ahzaab. old womenfolk may go out unveiled yet in such a way that adornment is not revealed." It is said that the blessed wives of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam would pay visits to their parents." ‘Yaguddoo‘ is originated from the word ‘ gadd‘ which means: " To lower the gaze. Hazrat Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Uthmani (R.A) are focused upon the word ‘yudneena ‘ (in the Aayah).

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (R." Part revelation. e. whose sweetness is witheld in the heart of the resistor. except that this Aayah relates to women.Surah Noor . Outstanding garments. are extremely forbidden and the outcomes are severe (in this World and in the Hereafter).A) commentates as follows: The aayah gives the exception to uncover the face and hands when the need arises. And men should consider the fact that the Qur’an has ordained them to lower their gaze and be modest. "And to draw their veils over their bosoms." The Aayah reveals an exception as to what is apparent of a woman’s adornment.. jewellery etc.org/Lifestyle/hijaab. One who resists it in the fear of Allah." Hazrat Jareer ibn Abdullah (R.A) states: To unveil the face or hands in the presence of a non mehram is not permissible. These exceptions are when a woman is working or constantly moving and her hands/face may be revealed then this is dealt with as an exception.A) has reported from the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam: "Sight is a poisonous spear amongst the many spears of the Shaitaan.g.A) states: To uncover the face and hands is permissible for a woman when there is no fear of bad intents and doings. Lesbianism). Hence this is an unlawful act. to disturb others privacy by looking into their homes. glancing etc. "And to display of their adornment only that which is apparent. Hazrat Ibne Ma’sood (R. "Only that which is apparent. The woman’s order was specified so that subsequently it may strengthen the point and highlight its outcome effectively. e.inter-islam. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam replied: "The man must turn away instantly and his first glance will be forgiven.htm 8/15/2009 . to even glance at any male/females’ ‘Satar’.g.A) once questioned the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam regarding a man who unintentionally glances at a woman. To indulge within adultery.g. The majority of commentators have given an explanation as follows: Looking at the accessories of zeenat is permissible but. to be sexually attracted to members of the same sex (Homosexuality." The literal definition of ‘Zeenat’ is the accessories which adorn a woman. Before the revelation of the Aayat -e -Hijaab women used to cover their hair and let the http://www. Usually the orders for women follow along accordingly although the Aayah may be directed to men alone. to fulfil evil desires by means of forbidden touching. Again the scholars’ views differ as to whether it is compulsory for a woman to cover her face or not? Hazrat Ibne Ma’sood (R. "And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their modesty. The above Aayah ordained that the believing men should lower their gaze.burqa’. To look at a non mehram of the opposite sex with bad intent. living quarters etc. "And guard their modesty." ‘Khumur’ is originated from the word ‘Khimaar’ which means a large head scarf which covers the head and the chest. Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ood (R." Muslim." To over-rule ones unlawful desires from bad intents and doings e. to look at the bearer of such accessories is forbidden.Hijaab in Islam Page 10 of 12 Aayat Ibne Katheer and Ibne Hibban have commentated as follows: To turn the gaze away from such things upon which the Islamic law has forbidden. is rewarded with strong faith.A) gives the following commentary regarding this exception: The Aayah relates to the cloth or garment worn above the inner clothing eg. Hazrat Ibne Abbas (R. This Aayah is in accordance with the same command as above.

"Or their slaves. [Back to contents] http://www. "or children who know not of womens nakedness. or their slaves." If jewellery is worn around the ankles e." This means the Muslim women. these should not be applied when going out or in the presence of non mehrams.A) has stated: This means one who has no interests and desired pleasure in sexual matters. these are a source of attraction whether applied intentionally or unintentionally. Otherwise there is no harm to unveil in their presence. They are not entitled or permitted to even glance at her ‘Satar’. To let a non mehram become aware of this attraction is extremely prohibited. Within the same category falls the use of perfume and scent. many scholars have commented that this relates only to the female slave." This refers to such children who have not yet approached adolescence. However. Hazrat Saeed ibn Musayyib (R. The aayah indicates that Muslim women should refrain from maintaining acqaintance with ‘kaafir’ women as consequently ill influences are very likely. but within the Arabs this word connotates the meaning of the upper front half." Although there is no restriction governing whether the permittance concerns male slaves within the Aayah.Hijaab in Islam Page 11 of 12 scarf fall down the back. not permitted to see a woman’s ‘Satar’. we see today that the same fashion of the days of ignorance is being adopted.’ "Or male attendants who lack vigour. along with these mehrams is her own husband. A woman is permitted to reveal herself fully in the presence of her husband. However. and who are not aware of sensual features of a woman.htm 8/15/2009 . "And turn unto Allah. Anklets. most forgiving Lord one must express shame and regret over ones previous misconducts and resultantly never approach or intend to advance towards any bad. A woman’s mehram is there to protect her and was created as a protective model for the purpose that he will not cause any harm to her. baring the front parts from the scarf. Whilst asking for forgivness from our great." Finally Allah Ta’aalaa mentions in the Aayah which reveals the fact that if any sins or faults are committed then O believers turn to Allah so that you may succeed. If restrictions are such for the sounds of tinkling or heels. Grand father and great grand father fall into the category of a father to which Hijaab is not neccessary. ‘Juyoob’ is originated from the word ‘Jayb’.org/Lifestyle/hijaab.inter-islam. However. then for a woman to raise her voice reaches well beyond the border. this word holds the meaning of the breast pocket. believers in order that you may succeed. These are like her mehrams. "Or their women. "And not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husband’s fathers or their sons or their husband’s sons or their brothers or their brother’s sons or sister’s sons or their women." Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbas (R.g.(Ibne-Katheer) "And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. if the case is such that the child approaching adolscence displays an interest in women and their features then to unveil oneself in the child’s presence is prohibited. O." The ‘men’ mentioned above are a women’s mehram. or children who know naught of women’s nakedness. this is not permissible in the presence of her mehrams also.A) spoke these last words before taking leave from this world: ‘ Do not let the Aayah of Surah Noor mislead you as this refers to the women slaves not the men. or male attendants who lack vigour. which create noise and tend to attract men towards the tinkling sounds then this again is considered within the violations of Hijaab.

"Except that which is evident. to exercise caution when walking so as not to enter the heart of a mixed crowd etc. According to the schools of thought related to these three Imams.A) has differed in his opinions favouring the latter of the two interpretations." This verse is one of differing interpretations. 'Respond to the call of Allah. consequently the great scholars after Imam-eAazam also agreed with the thoughts of Imam Malik. the application of scent.org/Lifestyle/hijaab.A) have unanimously agreed upon the first of the two interpretations. The second grade of Hijaab is that if the need should arise that a woman must go out then this should be carried out in such adornment which conceals her entirely.htm 8/15/2009 . such unveiling within this day and age would obviously give rise to unlawful ways and so the necessity of entire concealment becomes much reinforced. he has only accepted the unveiling of the face and hands if there is no fear of unlawful acts arising in the process of this third grade of Hijaab. however. the wearing of tinkling jewellery. Conclusively.Hijaab in Islam Page 12 of 12 CONCLUSION The 7 Quranic verses which have been portrayed give rise to 3 differing grades of hijaab.inter-islam. no room has been given to the unveiling of the face and hands regardless of the fear of unlawful acts or not. Muslim women should observe either of the two valid and permitted grades of hijaab. Shafi and Ahmed (R. Shafi and Ahmed (R. The third and lowest grade of Hijaab is in accordance to the Aayah of Surah Noor. Some scholars believe that ‘evident’ connotates the actual burqa and niqaab whilst other scholars have interpretated that ‘except that which is evident’ refers to the face and hands. Imam Malik.A) In view of this the third grade of Hijaab has become invalidated and impermissible. Whilst observing this grade of Hijaab. However.' [Back to contents] Home Contents Lifestyle Copyright Inter-Islam 1998-2001 © http://www. The highest of these 3 grades of hijaab is that a woman should remain within her home as far as it is possible. are also points to be borne in mind. Imam Abu Hanifa (R. Verily Allah will help and guide you to righteousness. From amongst the 4 Imams.

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