Start Position: Stand in left Kamae, holding the Jo vertically in the left hand, approximately one foot down

from the top (thumb up). Take hold with the right hand at the top in a reverse hold (thumb down). The bottom end of the Jo is placed on the mat in front of the left foot. (1) Pivot the Jo about your left hand to aim a strike at the temple. (2) Slide back & to the right into an upper block. (3) Slide forward with Tsuki Chudan. (4) Slide back & to the right into an upper block. (5) Step forward with the right foot making a right Yokomen Uchi. (6) Step forward with the left foot making a left Yokomen Uchi. (7) Turn through 180° with the hips and torso (feet stay where the are) to right Kamae making a right Yokomen Uchi. (8) Step forward with the left foot making a left Yokomen Uchi. (9) Bring the Jo to the left shoulder, then tenkan 180° bringing the Jo around to the right hip to strike at the legs behind you. You should be still in left Kamae. (10) Step forward making an upper block (right foot forward). (11) Step forward with the left foot making Shomen Uchi, with left hand back and right hand forward. (12) Keeping the left foot forward, slide back, bring your right hand to the back end of the Jo, and your left hand to the center, to block and protect you shin. (13) Tsuki forward sliding the left foot forward. (14) Slide back & to the right into an upper block. (15) Turn the Jo around in your right hand, and make Shomen Uchi, stepping forward with the right foot. (16) Tsuki backward, aiming for the knee. (17) Step forward with the left foot and, using the power of the left hip, strike at the legs. (18) Turn the Jo over in the left hand and Tsuki to the knee. (19) Slide back & to the right into an upper block. (20) Turn the Jo around in your right hand, and make Shomen Uchi, stepping forward with the right foot, and going down on to the left knee (kneeling - right knee up, left knee down). (21) Tsuki back, aiming for the knee (remain kneeling). (22) Stand up and slide back & to the right into an upper block (left Kamae). (23) Holding the Jo parallel to the ground make Tsuki Jodan. (24) Tsuki to chest. (25) Tsuki to chest. (26) Tsuki backward, aiming for the knee. (27) Step back with the left foot and, using the power of the right hip, strike at the legs. (28) Slide back & to the left making an upper block (right foot forward). (29) Holding the Jo parallel to the ground make Tsuki Jodan. (30) Turn the Jo over in the right hand and Tsuki to the knee. (31) Step forward with the left foot and make Shomen Uchi, going down on to the right knee and Kiai!
Throughout this transcription YOU are 'doing' the kata side, HE is 'doing' the "anti-kata". numbers 1-31 are you, numbers 1a-30a are him!

31 Jo Kata

C:\tmw7\dojo\aikido\Jo-Kata\31_Jo_Kata.doc

25. Februar 2005, 18:44

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31-COUNT JO KATA 1a: starting L posture, he makes a straight thrust to your chest. 1: Starting L posture, you step off the line to your L and make a reverse thrust over his jo, to the chest. 2a: stepping back, and slightly left, he rotates his jo to cause a deflection of yours, taking your balance to your rear L, and then makes a straight thrust to your face. 2: Stepping to your R, you raise your jo to protect your face, and block upwards, cocking your wrists as you do so, to keep contact, and stop his jo flying off into space. From here rotate your jo from under his to on top, and strike it down, taking his balance to his front R, and... 3: Thust to his L floating ribs. 3a: keeping the end of his jo low, he steps back into R posture, and turns his hips towards you, blocking your strike with his jo vertical. From here he makes a spiral movement with his jo, that brings on-line with your face, and takes your jo, and your balance, to your rear L. Then he makes a straight thrust at your face.

stepping round to your L. step forward. 13a: he steps to his R. as in no 2a. 21: You pull you jo back against your side. through the front until the end of the jo is in your front hand. L posture. and turning to face you. and slides the R hand to the back of the jo. L hand forward on the jo. You should be in R hanmi. 19: Draw back slightly. 9a: with his jo still raised he steps back (quickly!) then steps in again to strike your head. 20a: having raised his jo above his head for shomen. and strike to the back of his knee. as he does this he lifts the back end of his jo.4: You avoid this thrust by making a BIG step to your R. and send him off-balance to his rear L. step forward and. allowing him to finish his cut. 15a: he steps back. Do not allow the jo to go further than 90 deg past his knees. bringing the jo up horizontally under his elbows. in mirror-image. 22: You are in R posture. 8: You step forward. 7a: he recovers his balance. so that is vertical. 11a: he avoids being hit by drawing back. uncross your hands and grip the jo firmly. 20: You raise your jo to protect your head. and meeting your strike. he sees you going instead for his knee. to strike his stick down with the back end. but then realise that you can hit his R knee. This blocks the knee strike. 10: Step forward on your L foot. allow your back hand to slide into the middle of the stick. and then make (kaiten-ashi) by pivoting on the balls of you feet through 180 deg. 6a: he makes another identical cut. then stepping FORWARD with your L foot. and cut again. 12a: he does the same as 12. with the R hand forward. and make a straight cut to an imaginary persons' head. being carefull to keep the jo at an upward angle so that he is knocked down and away from you. and spirals under your jo. then thrusts at your face.. and making shomen. and avoid the jo as in no 4 15: Make shomen as no 5. This also exposes his leg. turning L to face him. NOT blocking him! As you bring the jo up. drawing his L foot out of the way. Release the jo with your L (back) hand. so step forward and to your R. and rotate your jo through 180 deg. bringing the back end of the jo C:\tmw7\dojo\aikido\Jo-Kata\31_Jo_Kata. Pull the jo with your back hand. This is a neutral position. and attempts a straight thrust at your back. sitting on your L leg.doc 25. he puts his left hand in front of the R. so is he. 13: Step forward. At this point he thinks he can hit you on the head. he absorbs your cut by making an identical cut to yours. You should now be in L hanmi. IRL you go under his chin. As you do this swing the jo round. or put the tip straight in his throat. across the line. pointing towards him maintaining zanshin. He is now in R posture. and punch it forwards to strike his R knee. to avoid it being hit. dropping onto one knee as you do so. 8a: he raises his jo to hit you on the head.. 5: make a straight cut (shomen). 7: You now pivot to face the opposite direction. as in no 16. 22a: he raises the jo to make a straight strike to your head. 9: You are in L posture. 18a: he draws his jo back. around his jo. 16: To avoid having the end of your jo smashed by his shomen. so. Ensure that you turn your wrists over so that you PUSH the jo round not pull it.. 5a: stepping back. as no 5a. you stand up and step forward. but is a little slow with it. 17: Now step forward with your L foot. and exposes you to. and simultaneously turns his hand over. turn to face him. around the end of his jo. You raise the end of your jo to your front L. and thrust to his chest. then let go with your front hand so that you can rotate the jo through 180 deg. raising the jo to protect your face.. 11: now drop the end of your jo. If you pull you cannot stop the jo easily. 12: You are now in L posture. then push the jo through the back hand with your front. this time you catch his jo. and down diagonally. If you do this in reverse you will get your hand broken! Keep the jo in close to your body. He should now be in L hanmi. Februar 2005. so raises his jo for shomen uchi. allowing the end of the jo to drop. to prevent him cutting you. and blocks your ankle thrust to the side. catch the end again. stepping forward into R posture. 6: So drop the end of the jo to your R. 17a: he steps back into L posture. 18:44 Seite 2 von 5 .. to strike at his knees. and swings the jo back down to block your strike vertically.. with the front R hand at about chest height. and makes a mirror image shomen. 14: Step across to your R. pull the jo back along your L side. and makes a straight thrust at your knee/thigh 18: you step forward and to the R. and thrust at his ANKLE. 19a: he steps back. so steps back to withdraw the leg. making shomen again.

and to your L. then enters with CHOKUZUKI K: Moves to right. then turning JO over in circular movement to sweep UKE's JO down and to the right. AK for person doing the Anti-Kata (initially attacking). vertically to strike your stick down.0) C:\tmw7\dojo\aikido\Jo-Kata\31_Jo_Kata.. at the same time he drops the end of his jo under yours. and the Count (1 to 31) is shown in square brackets). with his R hand forward on the jo. and steps back. the jo is still raised. and makes a straight strike to the end of your jo. turning to face him. raising JO to catch UCHI's JO and cover own upper body. turning to face him. and. this time rotating the jo through 180 deg. this is similar to nos 2a and 13a. 27a: he steps back. avoiding the thrust. 23: You step to your R side. He should be flat on the floor. 31: Absorb the force of his strike. [4] then enter MIGI SHOMEN UCHI KOMI [5] AK: Steps back with defensive SHOMEN UCHI in MIGI HANMI K: Makes HIDARI SHOMEN UCHI KOMI [6] AK: Steps back with defensive SHOMEN UCHI in HIDARI HANMI K: Turns to rear to make SHOMEN UCHI [7] AK: Pauses K: Makes HIDARI SHOMEN UCHI KOMI [8] AK: Enters to MIGI HANMI preparing to raise JO for SHOMEN UCHI K: Turns to rear to make USHIRO BARAI [9] . 23a: to avoid this thrust he pivots his lead foot. and raise your jo ABOVE your head. to thrust at his chest.forward. and strike him powerfully across the back of his head. then drop the jo down to a mid-level position. 30: thust at his chest (chudan tsuki). letting the jo travel naturally around your body.doc 25. 25: You draw your jo back to regain your posture. to strike his jo downwards and away from you. As he does so. with your right hand forward on the jo. with the lower end. and facing you. we should walk before we might try to run . then enter with CHOKUZUKI in HIDARI HANMI [3] AK: Steps to right. allow it to rotate HORIZONTALLY through 180 deg. and make another straight thrust to his ribs. as in no 16 27: Now step forward. 18:44 Seite 3 von 5 31 kata no kumijo K: Basic posture as first JO SUBURI AK: TSUKI NO KAMAE then make CHOKUZUKI K: KAESHI ZUKI [1] AK: Deflect and make CHOKUZUKI K: Step to right with overhead defence [2] then turn JO over on circular movement to knock partner's JO down and to the left. bleeding. punching the jo forwards to strike his knee as in no 17. or alternativley in R posture. Februar 2005.. only upside down. turning off the line. catching UKE's JO and covering own upper body. K stands for person doing the Kata. dropping the front end of his jo to block 28: Step forward. moving past the end of his jo. and spirals it over the top. and he finishes with the jo held vertically. The movements are given in Japanese and if this a problem then I might suggest a revision of the 20 Jo suburi. 25a: he turns to his L again. He then slides the jo though his hands to thrust downwards at your chest. caving in his skull. knocking you off balance to your front and L. and rotate the jo vertically through 180 deg. so that you can thrust downwards at his chest/neck. You are now in R posture. and finally finishing the whole business! You should finish in L posture. avoiding the thrust. then back to his original position. to side of his head (hasso no kamae (?)) 29: When your jo is stuck sideways. After all. he strikes the end of your jo sideways. 26: You make a BIG step back and slightly off the line to your R pulling the stick back to your R side. step forward and to your L. 24a: he pivots to his R. exposing his side. 28a: he lifts the front end of his jo to vertical. over the top of your jo. He then makes a straight thrust to your face. 30a: he steps off the line to his R. 24: You make a straight thrust at his L side.

[26] and step forwards into MIGI HANMI making GEDAN GAESHI [27] AK: Draw JO back to right side of body then step back into MIGI HANMI making GEDAN GAESHI as defence K: Draw JO back with left hand. raising the jo over your head into jodan no kamae. deflecting UKE's JO to right. striking UKE's JO. then start to make SHOMEN UCHI K: Moves out to left. enter with left foot. Februar 2005. to blend with strike. and catching free end with left hand above head [29] Enter with MIGI HANMI CHOKU TSUKI [30] AK: Strike UKE's JO with a parrying blow turning your right hip forwards as you do so. raising JO to chest height.Slide back to your right rear. then start to make CHOKUZUKI K: Slide JO back to right hand side. then raise JO as in 5th KEN SUBURI. and settle into TSUKI NO KAMAE K: Makes CHOKUZUKI [13] AK: Steps to left. avoiding UKE's sweep. [20] AK: Step back into MIGI HANMI. [14] then enter MIGI SHOMEN UCHI KOMI [15] AK: Steps back into MIGI HANMI cutting SHOMEN UCHI in defence K: Immediately slide JO back to left hand side [16] and step forward making HIDARI GEDAN GAESHI [17] AK: Step back into HIDARI HANMI moving left hand to front half of JO and using front end to defend knee. then make TSUKI to UCHI's chest [28] AK: Draw JO backwards through right hand until the right hand is about a foot from the end. then step into MIGI HANMI and make CHOKUZUKI.AK: Steps back into HIDARI HANMI raising JO sharply. at the same time rising up and stepping forwards with left foot. then release JO with left hand allowing JO to rotate. 1. K: Move right hand up and to the. and settle into TSUKI NO KAMAE [12] AK: Hand change.doc 25. K: Absorb power of UCHI's cut. raising the jo over your head into upper guard position (jodan no kamae). dropping onto own right knee. 31 Count Jo Kata Iwama Style . left. and immediately cutting GYAKYU YOKOMEN UCHI [31] C:\tmw7\dojo\aikido\Jo-Kata\31_Jo_Kata. blocking UKE's JO away to right. so that you assume HASSO NO KAMAE. 18:44 Seite 4 von 5 Begin in left hanmi holding the jo vertically on the floor with the left hand.Slide back to your right rear. raising JO to catch UCHI'S JO and cover own upper body. K: Slide JO back to left hand side [21] AK: Raise JO for SHOMEN UCHI and step forward to strike UKE's exposed head K: Draw JO across the body with right hand.Slide forward again. cutting against UKE's JO as defence. sliding JO through left hand. maintaining HIDARI HANMI and dropping centre. K: Again enter in HIDARI HANMI making CHOKUZUKI [25] AK: Step to right in HIDARI HANMI and turn JO end over end to strike UCHI's JO away to left. avoiding UKE's thrust. avoiding his thrust. then making TSUKI to UCHI's chest [22] AK: Step to left with left foot. then makes CHOKUZUKI K: Moves to right in HIDARI HANMI. then make CHOKUZUKI K: Step to right in HIDARI HANMI and turn JO end over end to strike UCHI's JO away to left [18] then make GEDAN TSUKI to UCHI's knee [19] AK: Step back in HIDARI HANMI raising JO in basic defence K: Step forward with YOKOMEN UCHI KOMI to UCHI's knee. entering with HIDARI HANMI to left of UCHI's JO. 2. 4. then sliding right hand up to top end of JO. Step back into HIDARI HANMI sweeping JO up and across to right. then as JO approaches right shoulder.Perform kaeshi tsuki (2nd suburi). 3. raising JO sharply under UCHI's arms to halt attack [10] AK: Stops SHOMEN UCHI partially executed K: Enters to make GYAKYU YOKOMEN UCHI [11] AK: Steps back into HIDARI HANMI and blends with and parries JO K: Hand change. dropping the jo down to horizontal and perform kaeshi tsuki. left band drops to grip lower end. thrusting JO over top of UKE's JO to UKE's chest K: Step to right in HIDARI HANMI and turn JO end over end to strike UCHl's JO away to left [23] then enter in HADARI HANMI making CHOKUZUKI [24] AK: Allow JO to follow circle created by UKE's strike and step straight back.

Take a small step forward with your left foot and perform shomen uchi by rotating the jo over your head clockwise. 30.Slide back to your left rear. push the jo back through your left hand until your right hand is against your chest and your left hand is next to your left hip. The jo is fairly horizontal. step forward with your right foot and step back with your left foot. sliding back slightly.Slide your right hand in to your left hand. pulling your right foot behind you in a tenkan-like movement. Grab the butt of the jo with your left hand. Perform a yokomen uchi strike at knee level. Your left foot is forward but your right hand is forward on the jo. 16. The same as number 17. Pull your right foot back slightly. Rotate the jo over your head clockwise. 9.Let go with your right hand and flip the jo vertically. let go with your left hand and rotate the jo over your head counter clockwise so the butt of the jo is facing forward (as in #5 and #15). As you step.Let go with your right hand and reach past your left hand from underneath the jo. Your advancing movements and your retreating movements should balance out so that you end up at roughly the same spot on the floor where you started C:\tmw7\dojo\aikido\Jo-Kata\31_Jo_Kata. push the jo back through your left hand until your right hand is against your chest and your left hand is next to your left hip. This is gedan no kamae. stepping forward with your left foot. This vertical movement knocks down a thrust that is coming toward your chest. place it in front of your right hand and slide your right hand back to the butt of the jo. Raise the jo to horizontal so your right hand is near your right ear. As you turn.Perform shomen uchi as in number 5.Step forward with the left foot. Number 16 should be performed as one movement with number 15. 7. 17. 10. You are now in left guard position (hidari kamae). 8. as in number 18. 26.Perform choku tsuki. 18. 25. rotate the jo over your head clockwise and perform shomen uchi. 31. This is similar to the 18th suburi. Number 21 should be performed as one movement with number 20. The tip of the jo is pointing to your right. 11. 24.Slide forward slightly and perform a low tsuki at knee level. raise the jo over your head as if you are striking the underside of your opponent's wrist as he strikes down on your head. You are now in left hanmi with the jo pointing to the left.Step forward and to the left with your left foot. 22. step forward with your right foot. 12. dropping down onto your left knee. 27. 28.Stand up from the kneeling position.Perform choku tsuki (1st suburi).doc 25.Step forward and to your left with your left foot.Reach your right hand to the tip of the jo. 29. The same as number 16 but this time on the right. Flip the jo over so that your left hand is in front.Take your left hand off of the jo. let go with your left hand and rotate the jo over your head counter clockwise so the butt of the jo is facing forward. rotate the jo over your head clockwise and perform shomen uchi. You should be in left hanmi with your right hand forward on the jo.Slide back to your right rear. Grab the butt of the jo with your left hand. slide back to your left rear. 6. step forward and slightly to the left with your left foot and perform shomen uchi.Take a fairly large step forward and to the left with your left foot and bring your right foot up next to your left foot. As you perform the hand change. Slide your right hand in to your left. This is gedan no kamae.Raise the jo to horizontal and perform gyakute tsuki with your left hand starting out near your left ear. 18:44 Seite 5 von 5 .Raise the jo over your head with the tip still pointing forward.Perform choku tsuki.Step forward with the right foot and perform gedan gaeshi. raising the jo over your head into jodan no kamae. 23. There is no hand change for this final strike. and perform shomen uchi. 15. 20.Raise the jo overhead with the tip pointing forward. 19. as in numbers 18 and 23. cut diagonally across your opponent's body until your left arm makes a straight line with the jo. The jo should not go behind your body. Slide forward and perform a reverse thrust (gyakute tsuki).Pivot 180 degrees without stepping and perform shomen uchi. reach your right hand to the tip of the jo.Turn back to the front. Februar 2005.Let go with your left hand and flip the jo vertically. 13.Reach to the tip of the jo with your left hand and push the jo back through your right hand until you are in gedan no kamae on your right side. Arms are bent at the elbows.5. Both of your hands should be in front of your body. 21. pushing your left hand forward to perform a circular strike at knee level (gedan gaeshi).Perform choku tsuki. 14.