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This article gives you a clear picture of the working of an oil cooled piston in certain marine diesel engines

like MAN B&W

Introduction
The piston is one of the most important components of a marine diesel engine as we have studied in a previous article. We have also seen the piston replacement process as well as the importance of piston rings. Since the combustion takes place right in the vicinity of the piston, it is obvious that unless the piston is cooled using some means, it would be subjected to extreme thermal stresses and fail very soon. Cooling also limits the thermal expansion to maintain correct clearance between piston and liner, and between ring grooves and rings. Cooling is achieved either by oil or water. We have studied about water cooled pistons in a previous article, but now we will take a look at another important and increasingly popular method of cooling - namely oil cooled pistons. Definition: As the name itself suggests, when the Lube Oil is used to coo l the piston then it is called as oil cooled piston. In oil cooled pistons, cooling is carried out by circulating oil/coolant in the internal passages of piston . OIL cooled pistons are used in most of the engines currently in production. It is used in the engines of MAN-B&W and LATEST SERIES OF SULZER (RTA), (RT -flex) etc

Sketch of oil cooled piston

Overhaul of the oil cooled piston in progress

com/engineering/marine/articles/52783.brighthub. Cooling oil enters from the central tube within the piston rod and flows under the center of the crown before passing through the bore cooling holes in the radial direction to piston edges. grooves before returning to the crosshead by concentric spaces outside the tube in the piston rod.com/engineering/marine/articles/52783.aspx#ixzz11OLib Qykhttp://www.brighthub.Oil cooled piston cross section view http://www.aspx#i xzz11OLL9TRZ Construction of oil cooled piston Pistons are cast in chrome-molybdenum alloy steel.The oil comes swirling down behind the piston rings. . From there.com/engineering/marine/articles/52783.brighthub.aspx#ixzz11 OLVrGW5http://www. Cooling oil is supplied under pressure to the CROSSHEAD via either telescopic pipe or swinging links with glands. some of the lube oil goes for crosshead lubrication and rest of the oil from crosshead passes through the holes bored in the piston rod to the cooling spaces in the piston.

Inhibitors are not necessary to be added in t he lube oil to prevent corrosion in the system because they are already present Drawbacks of oil cooled pistons The following are the drawbacks of using oil instead of water for piston cooling 1. It also has a lower maximum safe temperature of 56o c to prevent formation of carbon and lacquer on hot internal surfaces with consequent reduction in heat transfer (or) choking of small oil passage 3. There may be a slight increase in the oil deterioration due to increased thermal cycling of the lube oil In the end it can be stated that the advantages offered by oil cooling over water cooling certainly outweigh the drawbacks. Oil has a slightly low thermal capacity than water. therefore an adequate supply is necessary 2.It returns via the crosshead to a collector where its flow and temperature are monitored before it drains to the bottom of the crankcase for recirculation and get collected in the lube oil sump of main engine. Piston cooling oil forms a part of the ENGINE CRANKCASE LUBRICATION SYSTEM and this will require to increase the capacity of sump to accommodate it 4. No contamination of water with lube oil in the crankcase 2.brighthub.com/engineering/marine/articles/52783. No need for a seperate heat exchanger system and pumps to handle the piston cooling 3.aspx#ixzz11OME hiKJ . hence the reason for rising popularity of oil cooled pistons in current diesel marine engines Read more: http://www. Advantage of oil cooled piston 1.

Read more: http://www.brighthub.com/engineering/marine/articles/52783.aspx#ixzz11OL2 d0V2 .