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EC2M

Ecole De Commerce Marketing Et Management

ENGLISH COURSE
Basic ELEMENTS OF THE SENTENCE

II

Nouns :

Definition : A noun is the word that refers to a person, thing or an abstract idea. A noun can tell you who or what. II. There are several different types of nouns: * Nouns that refer to people, organisations or places are proper nouns, only proper nouns are capitalised such as : Omar, Samira, Morocco, France etc. * There are common nouns such as : dog, car, chair etc.

1. Nouns :
Subject John Austin Airplanes 2. Subject He It They 3. Subject Who What Which 4. Subject This That Those Site Web: www.EC2M.ma Page 1 Personal Pronouns Verb teaches is are Interrogative Pronouns : Verb asked happened comes Demonstrative pronouns : Verb is sounds are Téléphone : 05 23 34 16 27 Complement right. good. better. Email : ecoleEC2M@gmail.com Complement that question? last night? first? Complement American English. the capital of Texas. a mode of transportation. Verb teaches is are Complement American English. the capital of Texas. a mode of transportation.

EC2M
Ecole De Commerce Marketing Et Management

ENGLISH COURSE

5. Subject Many A few Much

Indefinite pronouns : Verb were came is Complement yesterday. to class. available.

6. Gerund :
Subject Smoking in the room Making coffee Teaching Verb is is is Complement prohibited. easy. an interesting profession.

7. Infinitive Phrase :
Subject To fly To fire a rocket To come to class late Verb requires is not is Complement skill. easy. inexcusable.

III.

What are adjectives?

* Adjectives are used to clarify nouns. * Adjectives can be one word or a group of words. * Adjectives can also be used with certain verbs, such as the verb "to be". * Adjectives are used to clarify the subject that is doing the action. * Adjectives are not used to clarify the verb. * Adjectives are used to describe color, material, shape, size, amount, price, quality, origin, personality, weight, temperature, weight, age, direction, etc. Adjective Usage * Adjectives are placed before the noun. * The form of the adjectives doesn't change. * Adjectives can be used with all forms of nouns. * The new books on the table, have to go to the library. * I was teaching in a big high school last year. Site Web: www.EC2M.ma Page 2 Téléphone : 05 23 34 16 27 Email : ecoleEC2M@gmail.com

EC2M
Ecole De Commerce Marketing Et Management

ENGLISH COURSE
* The new apartment building is really nice.

* Our English teacher is tall and thin. * Our professor is a nice man.

Adjective

Adverb Mandy drives carefully.

Mandy is a careful girl. Mandy is very careful.

Mandy is a careful driver. This sentence is about Mandy, the driver, so use the adjective. Mandy drives carefully. This sentence is about her way of driving, so use the adverb. Form Adjective + -ly Adjective dangerous nice easy nicely easily Adverb dangerously

careful carefully

horrible horribly electronic electronically irregular forms good fast hard well fast hard

Site Web: www.EC2M.ma Page 3

Téléphone : 05 23 34 16 27

Email : ecoleEC2M@gmail.com