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IMD20503 – Digital Audio and Video

Sound Recording…Part 2
Copyright Issues Hardware and software considerations File formats

Software Considerations
SoundEdit Pro

• SoundEdit Pro is a digital audio editor for a userfriendly price. • It's the perfect program for home studio recording and for people who are just getting started with audio editing. • SoundEdit Pro provides an intuitive, easy-to-use interface and is designed for the everyday user. • It has dozens of amazing audio effects and tools for converting audio files into different formats, including MP3, WMA, WAV, Ogg Vorbis and many others.

Software Considerations
SoundEdit Pro

• Use SoundEdit Pro to record your own music, voice or other sounds, import and export lots of audio files formats, including Windows PCM (WAV), MP3, Ogg Vorbis, WMA 9 and AIFF • Play, mix and edit audio files visually using Cut, Copy, Paste and applying more than 20 effects and filters, including: Cut, Paste, Move, Delete, Fadein/Out , Crossfade, Vibrato, Delay, Normalize, Fade, Flanger, Amplify, Invert, Insert Silence, and more.

Software Considerations SoundEdit Pro – Main Screen .

Effects . Markers.Software Considerations SoundEdit Pro – Control.

Software Considerations SoundEdit Pro – Output Format Settings .

Software Considerations GoldWave Developed by : Gold Wave Inc. Latest release : 5.25 – June 2008 OS : Windows Type : Digital audio editor .

• It includes all of the common audio editing commands and effects. . • the most advanced and complete audio editor available in its price range. it has an excellent and unmatched track record. GoldWave offers the best value in audio editing software. and efficiently engineered. • Comprehensive. and audio restoration filters that cost extra in other similar programs. • With over 10 years of development and widespread usage. plus powerful built-in tools such as a batch processor/converter. a CD reader. professional digital audio editor. easy to use.Software Considerations GoldWave • top rated.

or ogg files • Edit music for dance programs. flanger.Features • Play. bird song. reverse. mechanize. such as fade.Software Considerations GoldWave . figure skating. and analyze audio • Record audio from cassettes. echo. mp3. doppler. edit. vinyl records. and more • Digitally remaster and restore old recordings with noise reduction and pop/click filters • Make perfect digital copies of audio CD tracks using the CD Reader tool and save them in wav. whale song . wma. gymnastics • Analyze human speech. mix. etc. radio. through your computer's line-in • Record dictation through a microphone or play dictation back at a slower speed for transcription (with foot pedal control) • Record and edit audio for podcasting or telephone systems • Apply special effects. equalizer.

ogg. mp3. aiff. such as wav.Features • Demonstrate digital signal processing with filter effects and the Expression Evaluator tool • View a variety of real-time visuals and level meters • Convert files to/from different formats. au.Software Considerations GoldWave . wma. vox and even raw binary data • Expand functionality with plug-ins • Command line processing .

Software Considerations GoldWave – Main Interface .

Software Considerations GoldWave – Tool Menu .

Software Considerations GoldWave – Properties Window .

Software Considerations Adobe Audition • Formerly Cool Edit Pro • A digital audio editor computer program featuring both multitrack. non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive approach waveform editing view.0 – Nov 2007 OS : Windows XP SP2 and Windows Vista Type : Digital audio editor . Developed by : Adobe Systems Latest release : 3.

and record changes to mix in real time . and effects controls as listening. powerful low-latency mixing engine Mixer • Move volume.Software Considerations Adobe Audition Multi-track view • record and mix with a new. pan.

Software Considerations Adobe Audition Surround Encoder • transform any multi-track mix into a 5.1 surround sound experience • Export the results as an interleaved file that can be used in Adobe Premiere® Pro software Audio editing for video • Edit the soundtracks for videos created in Adobe After Effects® or Adobe Premiere Pro software with the Edit Original and Edit in Adobe Audition features .

• Save frequently used rack settings as presets for convenient reuse.Software Considerations Adobe Audition Mastering Rack in Edit View • Apply and preview multiple effects simultaneously when working with files in Edit View. .

Features • Supports a number of file formats including wav (multiple codecs). • Audio effects include. . delete. equalizer. • Sound editing functions include cut. echo. • Supports sample rates from 6000 to 96000Hz. envelope. copy. • Audio restoration features including noise reduction and click pop removal. reverse.Software Considerations WavePad Sound Editor . 24 or 32 bits. • Ability to work with multiple files at the same time in separate screens. paste. aif. normalize. real audio. ogg and many more. • Tools include spectral analysis (FFT) and speech synthesis. reverb. au. mp3. sample rate conversion and more. gsm. silence. amplify. 16. flac. vox. autotrim and more. insert. 8. stereo or mono.

Features • Includes its own CD ripper with 'ultrafast 'rip mode and cddb music database lookup. • Recorder supports autotrim and voice activated recording.Software Considerations WavePad Sound Editor . . • Easy to use interface will get you started running. • Links directly to the Express Burn CD Recorder to burn your sound files to CD.

and truly professional results.1 surround mixing.Software Considerations Bias Deck 3. • allows you to record a track while listening to another. processing and mixing • best used for music files at 16-bit. Internet audio. • Multitrack audio recording. 44KHz levels. even for a 3-minute song. .5 • Deck is an advanced digital audio workstation for music. which will generate very large files. audio-for-picture. and more. editing. 5. • Sophisticated sound processing than SoundEdit and Sound Forge.

the Web. presentations. Deck 3. edit dialogue. process soundtracks.5 is fast. with up to four realtime effects plug-ins per track.Software Considerations Bias Deck 3. and sonically superb. easy. or whatever.5 is a dream: It's stable. http://www.bias-inc. are perfectly suited to multimedia development — for video games. And. record ADR-style voiceovers and craft complex mixes to stereo or complete 5.com/products/deck/ . capable. and a remarkably cost-effective editing platform.1 surround — all while in perfect sync to a QuickTime movie or DV clip. • Working in broadcast? Deck 3. • For music production.5 • Can spot effects. its broad range of audio tools include surround mixing.

Software Considerations Bias Deck 3.5 Multi-track editing .

5 .Software Considerations Bias Deck 3.

Software Considerations Adobe Soundbooth • Adobe Soundbooth is a digital audio editor by Adobe Systems for Mac OS X. Windows XP and Vista. Developed by : Adobe Systems Latest release : CS4 – March 2009 OS : X86(Intel processor only) Type : Audio editor . Adobe has described it as being "in the spirit of Sound Edit16 and Cool Edit 2000".

• The major difference in both of the programs is that Soundbooth uses a task based interface and Adobe Audition uses a tool based interface. but Soundbooth is not intended to replace this.Software Considerations Adobe Soundbooth • Adobe also has a more powerful program called Adobe Audition. • It is instead aimed at creative professionals who do not specialize in audio or people who need a simple editing program and do not require the full features of Adobe Audition. .

Software Considerations Adobe Soundbooth Interface .

0.0e (Build 441) – Feb 2008 OS : Windows Type : Digital audio editor .0.441 or 9. Developed by : Sony Media Software Latest release : 9.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 • Formerly known as Sonic Foundry Sound Forge • A digital audio editing and creation suite aimed at the professional as well as the semi-professional market.

• Efficiently analyze. • Use this suite to create and edit stereo and multichannel audio files with speed and precision. design sound for multimedia. Precision. Stability.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 • The Sound Forge 9 professional digital audio production suite includes everything you need to quickly get from raw audio to finished master. Ease. model acoustic environments. and master replicationready CDs. and Speed . digitize and restore old recordings. record and edit audio.

Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 – Main Interface .

. • can start recording when a certain audio threshold is reached with Threshold Record Triggering. • can also record and edit multichannel audio files as easily as stereo files. • Record straight into sound card or use the Record Timer to begin and end a session at a specific time and date.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 Stereo and Multichannel Recording • has a complete set of tools for recording audio.

.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 Precise Audio Editing • Edit stereo and native multichannel audio files down to the sample level in real time. and work on one file while processing others in the background. • Use familiar Windows commands to cut. • Drag and drop to edit between channels. mix. copy. and crossfade audio. paste.

EQ. Noise Gate. Dynamics. • Chain multiple effects together and apply them to selections or entire files using the Plug-in Chainer.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 Powerful Effects Processing • Apply over 40 professional studio effects and processes including Normalize. Flange. including parameter automation. Pitch Shift. . Chorus. to expand the number of effects you can apply to audio and increase your mastering flexibility. Delay. and Vibrato. Volume. • Sound Forge 9 software also supports DirectX and VST effects.

and audio not supported . and MPEG-1 and MPEG-2. • Also included are templates for encoding WMV 720p and 1080p. • Import Flash (SWF) files** to visually synchronize your audio to your project.Software Considerations Sound Forge 9 Audio-for-Video • Sound Forge 9 software supports multiple video formats including AVI. WMV. • Sound Forge 9 software includes MPEG-2 templates for writing HDVcompliant files at both 720p and 1080i resolutions. **ActionScripting. motion video. Synchronize audio and video frame by frame.

Latest release : 2. Developed by : Apple Inc.0.2 – Nov 2007 OS : Mac OS X Type : Digital Music Creator and audio editor .Software Considerations Soundtrack Pro • A music composing and audio editing application which includes a collection of just over 5000 royalty free professionals instruments loops and sound effects.

Software Considerations Soundtrack Pro .

0 OS : Microsoft Windows Type : Digital Audio Workstation . Developed by : Sony Creative Software Latest release : 6. producers and DJs.Software Considerations Acid Pro • A professional Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) software program • Popular among composers.

Software Considerations Acid Pro .

Software Considerations Acid Pro .

Software Considerations Acid Pro .

Software Considerations Acid Pro .

Software Considerations Acid Pro .

2007 OS : Mac OS X. Windows XP Type : Digital Audio Workstation . • Has 3 types of systems : HD. Developed by : Digidesign Latest release : Pro Tools HD/LE 7.4 – Nov. LE and M-powered. television and post production. film scoring.Software Considerations Pro Tools • Widely used by professionals throughout the audio industries for recording and editing in music production.

Software Considerations Pro Tools .

Software Considerations Pro Tools .

Software Considerations Pro Tools .

such as reverb and delay – Automate the process of mixing audio – Utilize virtual instruments.Software Considerations Cakewalk Sonar • A computer program used for recording. mastering and outputting audio. software samplers. editing. software drum machines. • Features: – Record and manipulate multitrack digital audio – Record and manipulate MIDI data – Apply special effects. . mixing. such as software synthesizers.

OS : Windows XP.Software Considerations Cakewalk Sonar Developed by : Cakewalk Latest release : Sonar Home Studio 6. Windows Vista Type : Host/Digital Audio Workstation . 7 Studio Edition. Home Studio 6 XL. 7 Studio Producer Edition and LE.

Software Considerations Cakewalk Sonar .

. • It is a series of MIDI. • Most of the facilities in recording studios are now available for using Cubase or other similar products. music sequencer and digital audio editing computer applications. producing and mixing of sounds in order to make music production for distribution on CDs or Internet. • It offers recording.Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase • A computer program for music production.

1 – Oct 2007 OS : Windows XP.Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase Developed by : Steinberg Latest release : Cubase 4. Mac OS X Type : Digital Audio Workstation .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Steinberg Cubase .

Software Considerations Logic Pro • Use Logic’s audio engine • A consumer-based version called Logic Express is available with the same interface and audio engine but with reduced features. . • Another application using Logic’s audio engine is GarageBand bundled in iLife that comes with any new Macintosh computer.

Software Considerations
Logic Pro

Developed by : Apple Inc. Latest release : 8.0.2 – May 2008 OS : Mac OS X Type : MIDI Sequencer + Digital Audio Workstation

Software Considerations
Logic Pro

Software Considerations
Logic Pro

Commodore Amiga and Silicon Graphics machines. Musical Instrument Digital Interface file extension MID. IBM compatibles. Audio Interchange File Format file extension AIFF. AIF used by Macintosh. MDI. . 2. MFF internationally accepted file format is used to store MIDI data.File Formats 1. A large number of sampling rates (up to 32 bits) are supported.

4.AIF and other files) and MIDI in a portable format. Resource Interchange File Format file extension RIFF developed by Microsoft and can contain a variety of mix of data including digital audio (WAV.File Formats 3. developed by Apple and is limited to a sampling rate of 8 bits . Sound file extension SND Alternative file extension to AIF.

6.16 and 24 bits (mono and stereo).File Formats 5. developed by Microsoft as a subset of the RIFF format. Sun Audio file extension AU developed and used by Sun Microsystems workstations Sun audio is a 16-bit compressed audio format used on the Internet . capable of sampling rates of 8. Wave file extension WAV The standard audio file format on Windows applications.

. Mpeg layer 3 file extension MP3 a compression type for audio file 9. Requires a Real player or browser plug-in for playback.File Formats 7. Compact CD Audio file extension CDA format for audio files on CD 8. RM or RAM suitable for audio streaming over the Internet developed by RealNetworks Inc. RealAudio or RealMedia file extension RA.

Metadata is data about data such as XMF and XML.File Formats 10. computing platforms. In an audio environment. databases and mobile technologies to share information and communicate. it means packets of different data types including MIDI. samples and so on. samples. A metadata file type and contains MIDI files. which is embedded into differing technologies. . etc can be sent to any compatible device. The use of metadata allows different data sets. eXtensible Music Format file extension XMF A music specific evolution of XML(eXtensible Markup Language). rich media files.

1KHz. 8 bits and mono . 8 bits and mono Quality audio for speaking is 11.) x (bit resolution[bit]/8)(byte) x channel(mono/stereo) Guide : Quality audio for CD is 44. 16 bits and stereo Quality audio for radio is 22.025KHz.File size calculation Calculation to determine file size in kilobytes: Formula File Size = Sampling rate(KHz) x duration(sec.05 KHz.

584 KB / 1000 (1MB = 1000 KB) = 10. using the attributes of 44.1 KHz x 60 sec x 2 bytes x 2 = 10. File Size = 44.584 MB .1 KHz.File size calculation Example: Calculate the file size for 1 minute sound. 16 bit stereo.

File size calculation Example: Calculate the file size for 3 minutes sound. using the attributes of 22. 16 bit mono. File Size = 22.1 KHz.956 MB .1 KHz x 180 sec x 2 bytes x 1 = 7956 KB /1000 (1MB = 1000 KB) = 7.