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GE Energy

Technical Documentation Wind Turbine Generator Systems GE 2.5/100

Specification
Access Roads and Crane Pad

GE imagination at work
© 2005 GE Energy. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.doc . It may only be made accessible to authorized persons.gewindenergy. It may only be made available to third parties with the expressed written consent of GE Wind Energy GmbH.GE Energy Gepower.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. All documents are copyrighted within the meaning of the Copyright Act.00.com Visit us at www. Contraventions are liable to prosecution and compensation for damage. Copyright and patent rights This document is to be treated confidentially. The transmission and reproduction of the documents. also in extracts. We reserve all rights for the exercise of commercial patent rights.  2005 GE Energy.com All technical data is subject to change in line with ongoing technical development. GE imagination at work 2. as well as the exploitation and communication of the contents are not allowed without express written consent.

.................................................................................9 2........................ All rights reserved....................................................................................................................1 Vehicle Weights................................................................ © 2005 GE Energy........................5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx....................................................................4 New Site Roads ..doc CONFIDENTIAL ........................................GE Energy Specification Table of Contents 1 2 Standard requirements.........................................................................................................................................................................7 3.................................................................................4 2...................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Transporters ...................4 3 Access Roads / Entrances............5 3.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 3.................................................................3 Road Surface ...............................................................................Proprietary Information............................................................................................6 3............................................................5 Widening of Existing Roads..............7 4 Crane Pad........................................................................2 Gradient............................................. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy......................................................................... ...00....................................................................1 Curves and Entrances ......................5 3...............................................................................................................................................................

doc . 2. 0. axle load 12 t Max. All rights reserved. 1: Example of a transporter 4/12 CONFIDENTIAL . They are all based on normal ground conditions: please note that additional measures may be necessary in the case of other conditions.1 Vehicle Weights • • • • Max.000 KN / m².Proprietary Information. 1.001 KN / mm² or 9.3 t / m² Fig. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy. 2 Transporters • • • 60 – 65 concrete transporters and construction vehicles 15 heavy-duty trucks for erecting and dismantling the crane 14 heavy-duty trucks with plant components consisting of: o o o o o o 6 for tower sections 1 hub and control cabinet 1 for nacelle 2 for PPM system 1 foundation mounting part 3 for rotor blades Maximum vehicle length of 52 m when loaded with the main components. The vehicle length is measured from the front of the transporter to the end of the load.GE Energy 1 Standard requirements Specification The minimum requirements for your site infrastructure to ensure the problem-free erection of the wind turbine generator system are described in the following. 100 t Surface pressure at crane pad = 10 kN pro dm² or 100 t / m². © 2005 GE Energy.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. 2. individual weight approx.00.

5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx.1 Curves and Entrances Specification The curves and entrances must be constructed in accordance with GE Energy specifications. Fig. All rights reserved.GE Energy 3 Access Roads / Entrances 3.Proprietary Information. © 2005 GE Energy. 2.doc 5/12 .00. Any spoil / obstacles must be removed from the area of the curves / entrances before starting the installation phase. 2. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy. 2: Entrance / curve radius CONFIDENTIAL . Fig. All cable trenches along the site road / crane pad must be back-filled and compacted before starting the installation phase.

00 m. Minimum width W = 5. Road Camber Maximum of 2 % Clearance Any overhanging branches or electricity cables / telephone cables beside access routes must be removed to prevent damage to the turbine components.e. Fig. If towing vehicles are required. these have to be supplied by the client. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy.00 m see Fig. 10 . 3: Clearance 6/12 CONFIDENTIAL . a large wheeled excavator.12% with a towing vehicle i.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. All rights reserved.GE Energy 3.2 Gradient Specification A maximum of 6% with a well compacted top surface (gravel or better).doc . © 2005 GE Energy. 3.00.Proprietary Information. Minimum height H = 5. 2.

which must be free of other rubble (e. In this case. the edges of the road could collapse. 20-40 mm (thickness 20 cm) Bonded fabric.Proprietary Information.g. The cranes and transporters required for the erection of the WTG have a track width of 3 m and an average weight of 96 t. if required Compacted sand Fig. layer thickness 0.5cm. 2.5 Widening of Existing Roads Tarmac or concrete roads are often used to access the plants.00. in order to prevent subsequent problems with heavy-duty trucks. 0-20 mm on surface (thickness 20 cm) Compacted crushed stone. coarse 20 / 40 mm. The stated values may vary depending on the composition of the ground at the site. min.50 m.30 m). The edges of the road must be widened and reinforced to prevent damage. these roads are only 3 m wide and mainly used by agricultural vehicles. wood). so that rainwater can run off. bearing load of the site road 12 t per axle Ground 3. On average. The road must be generally level. Some of the vehicles have a ground clearance of only 17.3 Road Surface Specification The site roads must be constructed according to the GE Energy specification "General Construction of the Site Road / Crane Pad". CONFIDENTIAL . DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy. ceramics. Compacted crushed stone. 4: Road surface (example).GE Energy 3. This may vary depending on the composition of the ground. the layer thickness must be approx.4 New Site Roads The access roads are constructed with gravel (grain size: fine 0 / 20 mm.doc 7/12 . A gradient of 2 to 3 % from the middle to the side of the road should be constructed. at least 10 kN per dm². max. All layers must be compacted by machine.30 m) on a compacted sand foundation (approx. structural steel. © 2005 GE Energy. max. see Fig.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. Owing to these dimensions and weights. The material for the road surface may have a maximum grain size of 0 / 20 mm. 3. A layer of bonded material may be required between the foundation course (sand) and surface layer (gravel) to prevent the accumulation of mud. Instead of gravel. It may be advisable to call in a specialist company for expert advice. the covering layer can also be constructed of brick or broken concrete. glass. 0. 0. 4. All rights reserved.

Great care must be taken at the planning stage to ensure that depressions and ridges in the access roads are filled in and leveled.5 cm. Road damage is thereby reduced. The distance from the road surface to the bottom of the vehicle is 17. The vehicles can then be driven with one axle line in the middle of the existing road and the other axle line on the gravel strip. Ground Clearance of Transporters The vehicles are of similar construction to those which GE Energy uses for the transport of tower sections.5 m.GE Energy Specification For this.doc . as well as for waiting or recovery costs. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. 2. Fig. back-filled with gravel (as in a new site road) and compacted (10 kN per dm²). see Fig. GE Energy assumes no liability for any damage to roads if this has been caused by subcontractors' vehicles or cranes! This also applies for any damage caused to vehicles by unsuitably constructed roads. All rights reserved. 5: Ground clearance 8/12 CONFIDENTIAL . the overall height of which must be kept as low as possible. © 2005 GE Energy. the edge of road must be excavated out to a width of 1.Proprietary Information. in order to prevent damage to the vehicles and wind turbine generator system components.00. 1.

Proprietary Information. since the vehicles may not park on public roads at night. The areas on the right and left of the crane pads / plants are used for assembly of the rotor and storage of the plant components.000 KN/m² 0. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy.GE Energy 4 Crane Pad Specification The crane pads must be constructed as shown in Fig. 2. (10 kN per dm²). Parking areas for the transporters must be available within the windfarm.3 t/m² All crane pads must be at-grade with a maximum slope of 1 % of the total length and width of the entire area. This area is required for assembly of the crane. All rights reserved.001 KN/mm² or 9.doc 9/12 .5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx. CONFIDENTIAL . The crane pads must be constructed to take a minimum of 12-ton axle loads. A 1. The customer must ensure that any requisite road closures / traffic signs or approvals are obtained in good time before start of the installation phase. Permission for this will have to be obtained by the customer from the land owner and submitted to GE Energy before the erection phase starts. 6.5 m wide gravel path must be available from the crane pad / road to the plant to prevent soiling of the plant. © 2005 GE Energy. 7 and Fig.00. or: • • • • 100 t/m² 1. Spoil and obstacles may not be deposited around the crane pad or for a distance of 120m along the site road. 8. Fig. Note: Any variations to the above are only permissible with the approval of a representative of GE Energy.

2.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx.GE Energy Specification Fig. DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy.00. © 2005 GE Energy.Proprietary Information.doc . All rights reserved. 6: Crane pad 1 10/12 CONFIDENTIAL .

Proprietary Information.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx.doc 11/12 . All rights reserved. 7: Crane pad 2 CONFIDENTIAL . DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy. © 2005 GE Energy.GE Energy Specification Fig. 2.00.

DO NOT COPY without written consent from GE Energy.00.Proprietary Information. All rights reserved. 2.5_100_xxHz_SPC_roadcrane_descriptionx_ENxxx.doc . © 2005 GE Energy. 8: Crane pad 3 12/12 CONFIDENTIAL .GE Energy Specification Fig.