CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SECTION-7, FLIGHT CREW STANDARDS SERIES ‘B’, PART VII ISSUE I 16TH AUGUST, 1999

SUBJECT:

EFFECTIVE : FORTHWITH GRANT

FLYING TRAINING SYLLABUS FOR OF PILOTS’ LICENCES AND RATINGS.

1. INTRODUCTION For acquiring a pilot’s licence or rating, an applicant has to meet the applicable requirements stipulated in Schedule-II of the Aircraft Rules, 1937. Amongst other requirements, a candidate has to undergo flying training in accordance with the syllabus prescribed by the Director General. This CAR lays down the flying training syllabus for grant of various pilots’ licences and ratings in accordance with Schedule-II of the Aircraft Rules, 1937. The syllabus is based on the provisions contained in ICAO Annex. 1. The CAR is issued under Rule 133A of the Aircraft Rules. 2. FLYING TRAINING SYLLABUS 2.1 Private Pilot Licence (Aeroplane/Microlight) A pilot trainee shall receive dual instructions in aeroplanes/microlights as applicable, from an authorised Flight Instructor who shall ensure that the pilot trainee has operational experience in at least the following areas to the level of performance required for the private pilot: a) pre-flight operations, including mass and balance determination, aeroplane inspection and servicing;

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collision control of the helicopter by external visual reference. cross-country flying using visual reference. a) b) c) pre-flight operations. landings and navigation. flight at critically slow airspeeds. spiral dives.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. recognition of. emergency operations. including the completion of a level 180 degree turn. 1999 collision aerodrome and traffic pattern operations. 2 . maximum performance (short field clearance) take-offs. from and transitting controlled aerodromes. radiotelephony procedures and phraseology. including mass and balance determination. deadreckoning and. short-field landings. normal and cross-wind take-offs and landings. control of the aeroplane by external visual reference. radio navigation aids. avoidance precautions and procedures. helicopter inspection and servicing. avoidance precautions and procedures. and operations to. recognition of. spin avoidance. 2. including simulated aeroplane equipment malfunctions. and recovery from. including take-offs. and obstacle flight by reference solely to instruments. where available. If the privileges of the licence are to be exercised at night as well. compliance with air traffic services procedures. flight at critically high airspeeds. incipient and full stalls. and recovery from.2 Private Pilot Licence (Helicopter) A pilot trainee shall receive not less than 20 hours of dual instructions in helicopters from an authorised Flight Instructor who shall ensure that the applicant has operational experience in at least the following areas to the level of performance required for the private pilot. the applicant shall receive dual instructions in aeroplanes/microlights in night flying. aerodrome and traffic pattern operations.

including a flight of at least one hour. 1999 recovery at the incipient stage from settling with power. 2. in a suitably instrumented helicopter. emergency operations. including glider inspection. assembly and techniques and procedures for the landing method used. from and transitting controlled aerodromes. hovering. including appropriate airspeed limitations. radio navigation aids. quick stops. ground manoeuvring and run-ups.3 Pilot Licence (Glider) A glider pilot trainee shall have gained. aerodrome and traffic pattern operations. operational experience in gliders in at least the following areas. diversion procedures. take-offs and landings – normal. maximum performance take-off and landing techniques. the applicant shall receive dual instructions in helicopters in night flying including take-offs. control of the glider by external visual reference. and operational experience in flight solely by reference to instrument. operations to. take-offs and landings with minimum necessary power. emergency procedures and signals used. compliance with air traffic services procedures. deadreckoning and. avoidance precautions and procedures. under appropriate supervision. including the completion of a level 180 degrees turn. out of wind and sloping ground.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII d) DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. e) f) g) h) i) j) If the privileges of the licence are to be exercised at night as well. collision c) d) 3 . auto-rotative approach and landing. a) b) pre-flight operation. radiotelephony procedures and phraseology. landings and navigation. recovery techniques from low-rotor rpm within the normal range of engine rpm. including simulated helicopter equipment malfunctions. cross-country flying using visual reference. where available. restricted site operations .

operational experience in free balloons in at least the following areas. emergency procedures and signals used. operational experience in balloon night flying. approaches and landings. 2. the trainee pilot shall have gained. recognition of. techniques and procedures for launching and ascent. rapid descents. incipient and full stalls and spiral dives. rigging. including balloon assembly. Pilot Licence (Balloons) A balloon pilot trainee shall have gained. under appropriate supervision. including ground handling. and recovery from. including appropriate limitation. a) b) pre-flight operation. and recovery from. collision avoidance procedures. and emergency procedures. mooring and inspection. cross-country flying using visual reference and deadreckoning. cross-country flying using visual reference and deadreckoning. c) d) e) f) g) h) If the privileges of the licence are to be exercised at night. and emergency procedures. recognition of. inflation. approaches and landings.4 DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST.5 Commercial Pilot Licence (Aeroplane) A pilot trainee shall have received dual instructions in aeroplanes from an authorised Flight Instructor who shall ensure that the pilot trainee has operational experience in at least the 4 .CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII e) f) g) h) i) 2. control of free balloon by external visual reference. normal and cross-wind launches. under appropriate supervision. 1999 flight through the flight envelope.

1999 following areas to the level of performance required from a Commercial Pilot: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) pre-flight operations. flight at critically slow airspeeds. recognition of. compliance with air traffic services procedures. diversion procedures.6 Commercial Pilot Licence (Helicopter) A pilot trainee shall have received dual instructions in helicopters from an authorised Flight Instructor. 5 . avoidance precautions and procedures. operations to. deadreckoning and radio navigation aids.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. spin avoidance. including mass and balance determination. j) k) l) 2. from and transitting controlled aerodromes. and recovery from. maximum performance (short field clearance) take-offs. including take. incipient and full stalls. short-field landings. landings and navigation. aerodrome and traffic pattern operations. spiral dives. aeroplane inspection and servicing. and dual instructions in aeroplane in night flying. and obstacle basic flight manoeuvres and recovery from unusual attitudes by reference solely to basic flight instruments. including mass and balance determination. abnormal and emergency procedures and manoeuvres. collision control of the aeroplane by external visual reference.offs. normal and cross-wind take-offs and landings. cross-country flying using visual reference. radiotelephony procedures and phraseology. flight at critically high airspeeds. and recovery from. helicopter inspection and servicing. recognition of. who shall ensure that the pilot trainee has operational experience in at least the following areas to the level of performance required from a commercial pilot: a) pre-flight operations.

from and transitting controlled aerodromes.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII b) c) d) DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. including simulated helicopter equipment malfunctions. 1937.7 Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Aeroplane) A pilot applicant shall have received dual flight instructions required for the issue of the commercial pilot licence (aeroplane) and for the issue of Instrument Rating (aeroplane) and acquired flight experience as required in para 1(e) of Section M of Schedule-II of the Aircraft Rules. radiotelephony procedures and phraseology. and dual instructions in helicopters in night flying. maximum performance take-off and landing techniques. landings and navigation. quick stops. deadreckoning and radio navigation aids. 1999 collision aerodrome and traffic pattern operations. diversion procedures. the following procedures and manoeuvres with a degree of 6 . ground manoeuvring and run-ups. basic flight manoeuvres and recovery from unusual attitudes by reference solely to basic flight instruments. flight at high altitude. operations with external load. restricted site operations. e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) 2. including take-offs. abnormal and emergency procedures. if applicable. recovery techniques from low-rotor rpm within the normal range of engine rpm. control of the helicopter by external visual reference. hovering. cross-country flying using visual reference. take-offs and landings with minimum necessary power. hovering out of ground effect. operations to. autorotative approach and landing. take-offs and landings – normal. compliance with air traffic services procedures. avoidance precautions and procedures. out of wind and sloping ground steep approaches. recovery at the incipient stage from settling with power. The pilot applicant shall have demonstrated the ability to perform as Pilot-in-Command.

en-route IFR procedures and navigation. procedures and manoeuvres for IFR operations under normal. normal flight procedures and manoeuvres during all phases of flight. e) 2. including the preparation of the operational flight plan and filing of the air traffic services flight plan. such as power plant. crew cooperation and use of check-lists in case of multi-pilot aeroplanes. the following procedures and manoeuvres: 7 . standard instrument departures and arrivals. including simulated engine failure. including allocation of pilot tasks. holding procedures. The pilot applicant shall have demonstrated the ability to perform as Pilot-in-Command of a helicopter. landings from instrument approaches b) c) abnormal and emergency procedures and manoeuvres related to failures and malfunctions of equipment. missed approach procedures. 1999 competence appropriate to the privileges granted to the holder of an Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Aeroplane). abnormal and emergency conditions. and covering at least the following: d) transition to instrument flight on take-off. a) pre-flight procedures.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. and procedures for crew incapacitation and crew coordination. instrument approaches to specified minima. systems and airframe.8 Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Helicopter) A pilot applicant shall have received the dual flight instructions required for the issue of the commercial pilot licence (helicopter) and for the issue of Instrument Rating (helicopter) and acquired flight experience as required in para 1(e) of Section N of Schedule-II of the Aircraft Rules 1937.

including the preparation of the operational flight plan and filing of the air traffic services flight plan. systems and airframe. b) c) d) The pilot shall demonstrate the ability to perform the above procedures and manoeuvres with a degree of competency appropriate to the privileges granted to the holder of an Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Helicopter). proper understanding and use of Instrument Approach Charts. holding procedures.9 Instrument Rating (Aeroplane) The applicant shall have gained not less than 10 hours of instrument flight time while receiving dual instrument flight instructions in aeroplanes from an authorised flight instructor. 2. and appropriate air traffic services documents in the preparation of an IFR flight plan. use of checklists. abnormal and emergency conditions covering at least: transition from visual to instrument flight on take off. 1999 pre-flight procedures. and procedures for crew incapacitation and crew coordination including allocation of pilot tasks. crew cooperation and use of checklists in case of multi-pilot helicopters. such as power plant.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII a) DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. including the use of the flight manual or equivalent document. abnormal and emergency procedures and manoeuvres related to failures and malfunctions of equipment. The instructor shall ensure that the applicant has operational experience in at least the following areas to the level of performance required for the holder of an instrument rating: a) pre-flight procedures for IFR flights. standard instrument departures and arrivals. taxiing and pretake-off checks. enroute IFR procedures. procedures and manoeuvres for IFR operation under normal. normal flight procedures and manoeuvres during all phases of flight. 8 b) c) . pre-flight inspection.

who shall ensure that the pilot has operational experience in at least the following areas and to the level of performance required for the holder of an instrument rating: a) pre-flight procedures for IFR flights. missed approach procedures. en-route IFR procedures. use of check-lists. missed approach procedures. The instructor shall ensure that applicant has operational experience in the operation of the aeroplane solely by reference to instruments with simulated one engine inoperative. taxiing and pretake off checks. landings from instrument approaches. pre-flight inspection. unless carried out in a flight simulator. including the use of the flight manual or equivalent document. including circling. If the privileges of the instrument rating are to be exercised on multi-engined aeroplanes. standard instrument departures and arrivals. procedures and manoeuvres for IFR operation under normal. 2. instrument approaches to specified minima. the applicant shall have received dual instrument flight instruction in such an aeroplane from an authorised flight instructor. The exercises of simulated one engine inoperative shall be carried out at safe altitude. 1999 instrument approaches to specified minima.10 Instrument Rating (Helicopter) The pilot shall have gained 10 hours of the instrument flight time while receiving dual instrument flight instructions in helicopters from an authorised flight instructor. b) c) 9 . and appropriate air traffic services documents in the preparation of an IFR flight plan.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII - DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. d) e) in-flight manoeuvres and particular flight characteristics. abnormal and emergency conditions covering at least. holding procedures. transition from visual to instrument flight on take off.

This exercise should be carried out at a safe altitude unless carried out in a simulator. 2.11 Assistant Flight Instructor and Flight Instructor Rating (Aeroplane/Helicopter) The objective of the Flight Instructor Rating training course is to train the student instructor to teach the ground subjects and air exercises and to ensure that the student instructor attains a sufficiently high standard of flying. Elements of effective teaching. Lesson planning. Training philosophies. Techniques of applied instructions. Human performance and limitations relevant to flight instructions. Use of training aids. The teaching process. including operation of the helicopter solely by reference to instruments with one engine simulated inoperative. 1999 landings from instrument approaches. Training administration. Student evaluation and testing. including circling.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII - DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. The training should comprise at least the following areas: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) xiii) xiv) The learning process. The applicant shall have received flying training instructions in at least the following applicable areas to the level of performance required for the holder of an Assistant Flight Instructor Rating (AFIR) and Flight Instructor Rating (FIR) as indicated below: 10 . Training programme development. analysis and correction of student errors. The student instructor should complete flight training to practise the principles of basic instructions at PPL level. operation of a multi-engine helicopter in the above exercises. d) e) in-flight manoeuvres and particular flight characteristics. Hazards involved in simulating systems failures and malfunctions in the aircraft during flight. Class-room instructional techniques. and if appropriate.

6. 15. 30. navigation at lower levels and reduced visibility Emergencies Auto-rotations ** Hovering and hover taxying ** Transitions and hover taxying ** Sideways and backwards flight ** Circuit procedure and airmanship Cross wind take off and landing * First Solo Precautionary landing Radio navigation and instrument flying Night flying Spin recovery at the incipient stage * Circuits and emergencies – including demonstration of simulated engine off landings and simulated tail rotor failure ** Spot turns ** Vortex ring ** Advanced auto-rotations ** Sloping ground ** Limited power ** Confined areas ** FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR For fixed wing aircraft only. taxiing Effects of controls Straight and level flight Climbing and descending Turns Slow flight and stalling * Steep turn Take off and climb Approach and landing Low flying Side slip * Forced landing Pilot navigation. 10. 21.No. 11 . 11. 25. 16. 5. 33. 20. 19. 8. 14. 26. 27. 3. 13. 23. 1999 AFIR/FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR AFIR & FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR FIR 28. his ability to instruct to the satisfaction of the Examiner. 17. 31.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII Sl. 22. 18. 2. 4. 24. For helicopters only. 9. 29. DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. 32. 1. 20. 12. 7. The applicant shall demonstrate on the aeroplane/helicopter for which Instructor’s rating is sought. * ** Air Exercise Familiarisation with aircraft and cockpit Preparation for and action after flight Air experience.

his competency to perform the procedures and manoeuvres prescribed in the syllabus to the degree of competence appropriate to the privileges of the licence/rating and to : a) b) c) d) e) operate the aeroplane/helicopter within its limitations. understand and apply crew coordination and incapacitation procedures and communicate effectively with the other flight crew members in case of multi-pilot aeroplane/helicopter. exercise good judgement and airmanship. the flight instructors shall regularly fill the dozier of each trainee giving details of the progress made by the trainee pilot including deficiencies observed and the corrective training given. 1999 The training institute imparting training to pilots shall develop standard doziers of training instructions. complete all manoeuvres with smoothness and accuracy. While imparting training. f) g) 5. which should cover the entire syllabus prescribed in this CAR for various licences and ratings. KHOLA ) Director General of Civil Aviation 12 . and demonstrate ability to operate multi-engined aeroplanes/ helicopters solely by reference to instruments with one engine inoperative.S.CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SERIES ‘B’ PART VII 3. 4. maintain control of the aeroplane/helicopter at all times in a manner such that the successful outcome of a procedure or manoeuvre is never seriously in doubt. OPERATING PRECAUTIONS All exercises stipulated in this CAR should be carried out at safe altitude and within the permissible limits of the aeroplane/helicopter and in accordance with the procedures laid down by the manufacturers. DOZIER OF TRAINING DATED : 16 TH SECTION 7 AUGUST. apply aeronautical knowledge. Sd/( H. or simulated inoperative if the privileges of the instrument rating are to be exercised on such aeroplanes/ helicopters. SKILL TEST After receiving flight training. the pilot trainee shall demonstrate to an Examiner.