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Anna Leigh B.

Bambico MST4-DEBATE

II-BSAM

Motion: “Organic Farming is a better solution to the problem of food insecurity in the Philippines than conventional farming.” GOVERNMENT: 1st speaker: Food insecurity Food insecurity is a situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient food for a healthy life. It may be caused by the unavailability of food, insufficient purchasing power or the inappropriate distribution or inadequate use of food at the household level. 66% of the total number of poor in the Philippines works in agriculture, fishery and forestry sectors. 68% of the people in the rural areas are poor, while only 34% of the urban residents are poor. The Philippine National Statistics Board estimated that one out of five of all Filipinos could not afford to feed themselves. Based on the Notes on Poverty in the Philippines, 2002 Edition by Clarence Henderson, 20th August 2002, Nationwide, one can compare the 1997 poverty incidence rates of 21.5% in urban areas to the 50.7% rate in rural areas. The rural poor are almost all landless. The landless farm workers account for about 15% in the Philippines. Farmers experienced landlessness because most of the lands that were intended for farming were used in building different infrastructures. That’s why we don’t have enough land used in farming and the production of food is not sufficient for all of us. Organic Farming Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on the techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and control pests on a farm. no synthetic fertilizers, pro pwede ang natural fertilizers such as sulfur.... pwede pud ma fertilizer ang mga microorganisms sa manure no gmo sa organic farming According to the Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development organic agriculture in the Philippines has been described to be in its emergent or incipient phase or, “in its infancy stage”. President Arroyo has signed into law
Republic Act (RA) 10068, the Organic Agriculture Act of 2010, which provides for the development and promotion of organic agriculture in the country through a comprehensive program to be executed by a newly created National Organic Agricultural Board (NOAB). The law is a state policy to promote, propagate and further develop the practice of organic farming in the Philippines which is expected to increase farm productivity; reduce environmental degradation and prevent the depletion of natural resources; further protect the health of farmers, consumers and the general public; and help cut expenses on imported farm inputs.

The use of varieties of crop species that are resistant to pests and diseases. it is a rich soil then it shows that the rate of soil erosion is reduced drastically.na daghan og gna produce pero helthy pud. then resistant varieties can be developed using standard breeding techniques. It is obtained intelligently by rotating crops. supporting high levels of agro-biodiversity. Organic Agriculture has been proven to be an effective method for conserving biodiversity. good cultivation practice. Advantages: environment Organic farming is better than the conventional farming because: It maintains the life of the soil. the use of resistant crops. the water from the fields. gets drained into the rivers. Biodiversity..Gmo(genetically modified organisms) -example. Research into Organic Agriculture practices has shown that organic systems have the potential to support biodiversity conservation through increasing the number and variety of wild species found on farms. encouraging useful predators that eat pests and using natural pesticides.. which contain chemicals. creating a healthier gene pool . including: Support from governments and donors for Organic Agriculture as a policy for biodiversity. tas si crop B kay gamay au ang ma produce pero healthy pud lageh. Since.dili daun matablan sa mga pests.. It is also by recycling and composting crop wastes and animal manures. crop rotation and etc.the basis for future adaptation. since no chemicals or synthetic are used. maintaining healthy soils. Organically grown food tastes better too and the nutritional value of food is largely a function of its vitamin and mineral content. but more needs to be done to realize this advantage. water pollution reduces as well. crop A kay daghan xa maproduce pero masakiton kaau.. assuring that more water will be stored. In organic farming. Organically grown plants are more droughts tolerant. ipang interchange ila mga genes para maka produce og hybrid..dali lang ma sumthing sa mga pests. The frequent use of under-utilized species (often as rotation crops to build soil fertility) reduces erosion of agro-biodiversity. It also helps in building richer soil by intelligently rotating crops. not only for the current generations but also for the future generations. . Water pollution is reduced in organic farming. This pollutes the water bodies. right soil cultivation at the right time.. and diseases: By careful planning and crop choice. Organic matter also increases the soil's ability to take in water during rainfall events. If the crop species has genetically based variations of tolerance to the pest or disease. Most of the times after it rains.. Control pests.