PSYCHOLOGICAL

ACHIEVEMENT TEST

In partial fulfillment of the course Psychometrics I
under Prof. Jovita Cabrera

Macy Kim Diaz Tolorio
BSP IV

4-0. The mean of the revised test 24.24 to 33. accepting only items with P indexes ranging from 0.9 and D indexes ranging from 0. TEST STANDARDIZATION The test conducted of 3rd year Psychology has 100 items consisting The Different areas in Psychology where being utilized. In other applications.5 and a standard deviation of 7. Then an item analysis was done to discard questions that is either too easy or too difficult. cutting down the original 100 item to 45 items. A seat apart seating arrangement from each student was done to avoid cheating.47 or 47. the achievement test serves as a tool to measure current knowledge levels for the purpose of placing students in an educational environment where they have the chance to advance at a pace that is suitable for their abilities. An achievement test is sometimes administered as part of the acceptance process into an educational program or to qualify an individual for employment or a promotion with a current employer. A split-half reliability via odd-even scheme was done where odd-numbered and even-numbered items answered correctly by each student were segregated to apply Pearson Product Moment Correlation (Rxy=∑xy/(N)(SD1)(SD2)) and then the Spearman Brown Correlation (R=2Rxy/1+Rxy)) to ensure the test’s reliability.73 with a standard deviation of 8. then using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Spearman . After getting the raw scores.22 to the average levels and others scoring further to the left as below average and individuals scoring further to the right as above average individuals. The students were given at least 1 hour and 30 minutes to finish the test.97. Each was given a set of test questionnaires.49 placing individuals scoring from 16. By applying the split-half reliability via odd-even scheme to the new set of items). the mean and standard deviation was taken with a mean of 47.INTRODUCTION Achievement tests are exams that are designed to determine the degree of knowledge and proficiency exhibited by an individual in a specific area or set of areas.4-0.8.

. Though longer tests are more reliable.84 and the R as 0. Comparing it to the original test’s Rxy of 0.Brown Correlation to the new data the obtained Rxy of the revised test is 0.71 and R of 0.83.91. the revised and shorter test that went through item analysis is now more reliable than the original and longer one. the revised test has a higher reliability.

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47 x-x -9.25 156.5 10.5 -12.97 Median = 46.72 SD=√951.5 Mean = 47.25 6.5 10.25 110.5 10.5 4.25 30.5 -8.5 -5.5 10.5 -2.5 -5.5 Mode = 58 x² 90.47 SD = 7.25 110.72/15 =7.25 110.25 6.5 2.25 30.25 ∑=951.25 30.5 -3.97 .25 110.25 56.5 -7.65 12.25 72.Mean and Standard Deviation of the Sample Group STUDENT A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O X 38 50 42 58 45 58 35 53 40 52 58 58 42 39 44 ∑=712 x=712/15 =47.25 20.5 5.

58 SPEARMAN-BROWN CORRELATION OF THE ORIGINAL TEST R = 2 Rxy / 1+Rxy = (2) 0.43 = 0.3 -5.49 5.29 0.8 -6.2 -6.24 17.7 =22.71 / 1+ 0.35 SD1=√133.06 / (15) (2.74 11.89 1.71 which is greater than the tabled value of o.3 -0.83 *The observed value of r is 0.49 ∑=133.8 x² 32.69 10.56 23.76 -4.80 x-x -5.7 2.71 y² 14.35/15 =2.06 / 249.94 23.3 0.2 -3.3 1.76 5.3 4.98) (5.09 2.24 33.8 4.46 4. 05 level of significance using 13 degrees of freedom.76 38.14 7.89 7.2 -2.3 -1.24 4.44 51.3 3.2 -6.64 46.49 5.71 = 0.51 at .3 2.29 10.2 6.24 7.29 18. meaning it is reliable.7 3.69 0.8 2.56 1.64 46.49 1.2 -5.84 46.7 -1. xy 21.7 -2.84 ∑=466.66 -7.40 SD2=√466.44 67.58) = 176.7 1.76 5.98 Rxy = ∑xy / (N) (SD1) (SD2) = 176.49 2.7 -0.44 17.06 26.8 7.2 8.8 -2. The test has a high correlation.84 51.8 4.89 0.64 7.40/15 =5.84 38.7 y-y -3.SPLIT-HALF RELIABILITY OF THE ORIGINAL TEST Computation of Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient x y 19 19 23 27 22 20 28 30 26 19 28 30 19 16 26 27 24 16 27 25 29 29 27 31 25 17 23 16 24 20 ∑=370 ∑=342 x=370/15 y=342/15 =24.8 7.67 / 24.86 -1.89 32.66 18.96 ∑=176 .84 14.

ITEM ANALYSIS OF THE ORIGINAL TEST .

40 0 0.40 0.20 0 -0.10 0.20 0.60 0.20 0.90 0.20 -0.70 0.60 0.20 0.20 0.80 0.60 0.20 0 0 0.20 0.60 0.80 0 0.60 0.60 0.20 0.20 0.40 0.20 0.20 -0.40 -0.60 0 0 0 0 -0.60 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.70 0.20 -0.20 0.40 0 0 0.20 0.20 0.60 0.40 0.60 0.30 0.30 0.20 0 0 0 0 0.40 0.80 0.10 0 0.80 0.40 0 0.80 D 0 0 0.60 0 -0.30 0.30 0 0.50 0.50 0.40 0 -0.70 0.50 0.80 0.40 0.20 0.40 0 0 -0.60 0.40 0.80 0.20 0 0.40 0.30 0.50 0.40 0.40 0.ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 U 0 5 4 3 4 2 2 0 0 1 1 3 3 0 4 5 3 5 5 2 1 3 1 5 2 1 4 4 3 2 4 4 4 2 0 3 4 1 0 2 4 0 2 3 3 1 2 3 3 4 1 1 0 5 M 0 3 4 2 5 1 5 1 0 0 1 2 5 1 4 3 2 3 5 1 0 3 3 3 2 2 5 4 2 1 4 3 4 2 0 2 1 1 0 3 2 0 1 2 1 1 2 3 2 4 0 3 1 4 L 0 5 3 1 4 2 3 1 0 2 1 0 3 2 3 1 2 3 5 0 0 1 5 4 4 1 4 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 0 3 4 2 0 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 1 2 2 3 P 0 1 0.10 0.80 1 0.40 0 0.60 0.40 0.60 0.40 .

49 .73 -12.45 13.27 0.91 59.39 27.27 8.27 9.73 -9.73 ∑=371 x=371/15 =24.75 76.73 -7.89/15 =8.27 2.27 10.15 0.73 -11.27 5.MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION OF THE REVISED TEST STUDENT A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O X 12 24 x-x 12.73 -3.73 SD = 8.05 ∑=1080.73 Mean = 24.49 x² 150.59 162.07 7.55 105.27 -2.93 85.93 68.27 9.77 5.89 SD=√1080.47 85.67 137.73 -8.21 94.

1) = 220.37 27.18 12.58 14.13 y 8 12 12 17 11 16 7 17 4 13 15 16 7 7 14 ∑=176 y=179/15 =11.77 59.13 -0.87/15 =4.13 -2.27 -7.75 = 0.54 23.87 6.05 y-y -3.55 / 276.87 3.07 0.80 = 0.89 xy 30.26 10.27 0.07 27.27 -4.61 10.37 22.46 6.54 ∑=303.05 x² 66.01 SD2=√294.73 x-x -8.5) (4.70 18.13 4.27 4.98 47.33 24.77 0.07 -4.46 0.80 SPEARMAN BROWN CORRELATION OF THE REVISED TEST R = 2 Rxy / 1+Rxy = (2) 0.13 3.73 5.13 0.27 5.73 -4.87 -5.20 26.73 2.32 4.98 4.27 -0.53 18.84 ∑=220.80 34.13 3.87 -0.02 14.91 0.52 28.23 23.73 1.75 1.73 0.1 PEARSON PRODUCT MOMENT CORRELATION OF THE REVISED TEST Rxy = ∑xy / (N) (SD1) (SD2) = 220.87 -6.78/15 =4.80 / 1+ 0.13 -2.23 22.04 -0.55 .32 0.93 0.40 16.99 20.15 ∑=250.54 4.55 / (15) (4.REVISED TEST (SPLIT-HALF RELIABILITY) x 4 12 9 18 12 16 6 16 10 17 16 19 7 10 10 ∑=182 x=193/15 =12.73 4.27 3.72 14.87 -2.09 16.98 37.27 -4.13 5.02 9.09 0.27 0.37 5.5 y² 13.85 30.77 SD1=√275.65 29.13 -3.

Only a pen should be allowed in answering the test. Each student should be given with his/her own set of questionnaires and is instructed to shade the letter that corresponds to the correct answer from a set of choices on an answer sheet. the instructor may begin conducting the test . The test has 45 items and the examiners should be given 1 hour to finish the test. When all the materials and conditions needed are set.TEST ADMINISTRATION The test takers should be seated a seat apart from one another to minimize cheating. This test is intended only for 3rd year Psychology major students.