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History of television

By the late 1920s,the employing only optical and electronic technologies were being explored. All modern television systems rely on the latter, although the knowledge gained from the work on electromechanical systems was crucial in the development of fully electronic television.

American family watching TV, 1958 The first images transmitted electrically were sent by early mechanical fax machines, including the pantelegraph, developed in the late nineteenth century. The concept of electrically powered transmission of television images in motion was first sketched in 1878 as the telephonoscope, shortly after the invention of the telephone. At the time, it was imagined by early science fiction authors, that someday that light could be transmitted over wires, as sounds were. The idea of using scanning to transmit images was put to actual practical use in 1881 in the pantelegraph, through the use of a pendulum-based scanning mechanism. From this period forward, scanning in one form or another has been used in nearly every image transmission technology to date, including television. This is the concept of "rasterization", the process of converting a visual image into a stream of electrical pulses. In 1884 Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, a 23-year old university student in Germany, patented the first electromechanical television system which employed a scanning disk, a spinning

Baird's scanning disk produced an image of 30 lines resolution. [citation needed] Later designs would use a rotating mirror-drum scanner to capture the image and a cathode ray tube (CRT) as a display device. Nipkow's design would not be practical until advances in amplifier tube technology became available. and of moving. in 1927 Baird also invented the world's first video recording system. As an image was focused on the rotating disk. "Phonovision": by modulating the output signal of his TV camera down to the audio range. and employing the principle of "charge storage" within the scanning (or "camera") tube. Hungarian engineer Kálmán Tihanyi designed a television system utilizing fully electronic scanning and display elements. The holes were spaced at equal angular intervals such that in a single rotation the disk would allow light to pass through each hole and onto a light-sensitive selenium sensor which produced the electrical pulses.[3] Typical modern plasma-screen television set. albeit a mechanical form of television no longer in use.[6][7][8][9] By 1927. each hole captured a horizontal "slice" of the whole image. Russian inventor Léon Theremin developed a mirror drum-based television system which used interlacing to achieve an image resolution of 100 lines.disk with a series of holes spiraling toward the center. just enough to discern a human face. but moving images were still not possible. In 1907 Russian scientist Boris Rosing became the first inventor to use a CRT in the receiver of an experimental television system.[4] This demonstration by Baird is generally agreed to be the world's first true demonstration of television. The device was only useful for transmitting still "halftone" images— represented by equally spaced dots of varying size—over telegraph or telephone lines.[10] . for rasterization. from a double spiral of lenses. due to the poor sensitivity of the selenium sensors. Remarkably. A handful of Baird's 'Phonovision' recordings survive and these were finally decoded and rendered into viewable images in the 1990s using modern digital signal-processing technology. he was able to capture the signal on a 10-inch wax audio disc using conventional audio recording technology. Scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated the transmission of moving silhouette images in London in 1925. monochromatic images in 1926.[5] In 1926. He used mirror-drum scanning to transmit simple geometric shapes to the CRT.

His experiments with television (known as telectroescopía at first) began in 1931 and led to a patent for the "trichromatic field sequential system" color television in 1940.[citation needed] In 1927. New Jersey. and Texaco Star Theater. Herbert E.[13] In 1936.S. starring comedian Milton Berle. Regular television broadcasts began in Germany in 1929 and in 1936 the Olympic Games in Berlin were broadcast to television stations in Berlin and Leipzig where the public could view the games live. Philo Farnsworth made the world's first working television system with electronic scanning of both the pickup and display devices.[16] as well as the remote control. the first flat panel system.[citation needed] Although television was first introduced to the general public at the 1939 World's Fair. . and via radio from Whippany.[14][15] Mexican inventor Guillermo González Camarena also played an important role in early television. Kálmán Tihanyi described the principle of plasma television.[citation needed] Ives used viewing screens as large as 24 by 30 inches (60 by 75 centimeters).[11][12] The first practical use of television was in Germany. True regular commercial network television programming did not begin in the U. until 1948. DC to New York City. During that year.[11] which he first demonstrated to the press on 1 September 1928. became television's first gigantic hit show. legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini made his first of ten TV appearances conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra.Also in 1927. the outbreak of World War II prevented it from being manufactured on a large scale until after the end of the war. Ives of Bell Labs transmitted moving images from a 50-aperture disk producing 16 frames per minute over a cable from Washington. His subjects included Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover.

only be regarded as a spare part of the radio .the age of black-white television 1946-1955 Televison 5 inch in 1939.

was regarded as the first Japanese TV to appear in market field of vision Sony TV8-301. (1956-1965) .Sharp TV3-14T.000 yen. cost175.

Chiếc tivi đen trắng xách tay đầu tiên trên thế giới. hoàn toàn sử dụng transistor được Sony chế tạo thành công vào năm 1960. the first TV Trinitron 1976-2000 . Sony KV-1310.

Modern Tv .