In the beginning Maoists have been defined in a different way.

They were well connected with the issues and problems regarding social economical, infrastructure and civil amenities. They were known as social reformers. But gone are those days. For the last two decades they have been proved as major hindrance in development work and depriving the poor people from basic infrastructure, education, health and other civil amenities. They have gone far away from the main ideology. Now they are engaged with extortion, collection of money and time has proved that they have been using the tribal people who in return got very less from Maoists but lost every thing and add to their miseries. Their houses have been burnt and more than 15,000 people from 420 villages have been compelled to live in refugee camps provided by the government. The governments also trained them as SPOs to defend themselves from Maoists and are being paid Rs.1500/p.m. Most of these people are from business communities or agriculturists and belongs to Hindu community. Maoists are mostly from Muslim communities or charistans. Not only Chattisgarh but they have spread their feets to Andhra, Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bangal, and Orissa. Surprisingly, they have link with Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisation of South Asia, Communist Party of the Phillipine, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Sri Lanka Maoists who are engaged in training them and arms are being supplied by China. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh termed them as “the single biggest internal security challenge, ever faced by our country” and banned the Communitst Party of India (Maoist) under VAPA act and declared Maoists as terrorist organization on 22nd June, 2009 when leftist were part and parcel of the UPA government. In the year 2010 only Maoists committed Silda Camp attack on 16.2.2010, Indiscriminate firing in Jamui (Bihar) on 18.2.2010, Killing village guard by slitting his throat on 20.2.2010, Mukrana forest Dante Wada Distt. Killing 73 CRPF and one personal of district force by ambush on 6.4.2010, Blown up a bus killing 35 people on 17.5.2010 and blown up diesel train. On 29th June 2010 they killed 26 CRPF personnels in an ambush in Narayanpur District, Chhatisgarh. Still Mr. Narinder Modi Chief Minister of Gujarat and Mr.Lalu Parshad Yadav stated that negotiations should be started with Maoists. I am astonished how Lalu Parshad Yadav said that they do not target common people. What is the definition of common people? I fail to understand who debarred them from negotiation. Home Minister Mr.P.Chidambrum offered them to shun violence and come across the negotiation table but Maoists flatly refused so. Mr.Raman Singh Chief Minister, Chattisgarh has never refused for talks. The retaliation from Maoists is only because Raman Singh is tighting their screw. Raman Singh is praise worthy who is fighting like a soldier. The differences of opinion from within the two biggest parties are very unfortunate at the time when sovereignty and democracy of India is at stake. I do agree that solution to violence to counter violence is no remedy but at the same time you cannot be silent spectator when India is undergoing a long low intensity civil war? Can we win a war without fighting it? India is fighting half heartedly against these Red Revolutionaries but we fail to curb the menace rather it has increased. Because of the fact that our politicians never refrain from playing vote bank cheap politics. The skipping of

Where are the Human Right people who react quickly when police encountering a naxalite started blaming police? 300 CRPF men have been killed in just 2 months. China is already staking claim on Indian Territory. They too have families.e. State officials in Chhattisgarh have actively supported the use of the Salwa Judum to counter the Naxalites. wives. people. Like the Naxalites. It now is not a regional problme. though they call them Naxals. What is the difference between the Mahbooba and Bhatacharya. they are acting like LTTE. I fear." New Delhi forecasts that the campaign to re-assert government authority and win back the support of affected sectors of the population in the Red Corridor will take two years. these groups seek to recruit from the state's tribal groups. which Sri Lanka failed to curb after so many years. seems different from that. leaving civilians caught between competing groups on the left and the right. kids and old age parents. But soon it will get out of control.meeting by Chief Minister of West Bengal Mr. another regime within a country. print media. electronic media and businessmen should join hand for the final blow and crush these anti-nationls for ever to give proper infrastructure and basic amenities to the tribal people who were earlier exploited by government agencies and mine owners and now by the Maoists. Foreign Support . I think it is still within handling limits. Government Responses In November 2009 the Indian government announced a plan to bolster the anti-Naxalite efforts of affected states with a national counter-insurgency strategy. an approach that is not without controversy and as a result has generated criticism from India's Supreme Court and the central government in Delhi [5]. The Central Government should take it seriously as a security threat to our country. The strategy. Now this movement by Maoists. Afganistan.Budhdev Bhatacharya and sending Health Minister does not reflect well on the intensions of Communists. The spread of violence has spurred the growth of non-state anti-Naxal groupings. The most notable among them is the Salwa Judum in the state of Chhattisgarh. Then it will be much difficult to tackle it. In such a situation all politicians irrespective of their parties they belong to. Nepal. I don’t know why our politicians do not understand the deep rooted conspiracy of China or they just ignore it for petty gains? China itself is A team and created B team consisting of Pakistan. Bangla Desh and Sri Lanka and C team by harboring Maoists with arm and ammunition to shape its dream against India. which the Indian prime minister characterized as an approach that will "walk on two legs. i. Known unofficially as Operation "Green Hunt. It is an organized movement funded lavishly by some vested interests. People understand well." combines a campaign to hold and clear Naxal strongholds with development projects to address what Singh acknowledged as "the sense of deprivation and alienation" in the region [2].

India's biggest companies have moved stealthily into the forest areas. others take issue with this purely economic view of the forests and lands. has established links with the Naxalites [7]. to describe the rebels in 2006 as the single biggest internal security challenge faced by India. the growing influence and strength of the Naxalite movement prompted the Indian Prime Minister. The violence—as well as the casualty count—attributed to the Naxalites has been increasing steadily since 2004. the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) publicly admitted to having ties with the CPI(M) but did not detail its involvement [6]. the insurgency will continue to hold back much-needed development. the central government faces the task of winning hearts and minds in geographically isolated and economically dislocated regions of the country. But in trying to quell the movement. is intensified by the Indian government’s efforts to secure the area’s natural resources and raw materials. It must do so even as the Naxalites work to mobilize the masses. a section of territory that stretches across India from Andhra Pradesh to the Nepalese border. a violent movement in control of roughly 92. Working in conjunction with the governments of affected states. However. New Delhi also contends that it has evidence that remnants of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam are providing training to CPI(M) cadres in India [8]. is more than a security concern. Similarly. the Indian government may be shooting itself in the foot. While the chances of a Naxalite seizure of power appear remote. Nepalese and Filipino Maoist outfits have long been suspected of providing rhetorical and material support to the CPI(M). Unfortunately for the government. Following central government claims of possible arms transfers from Nepal. It remains to be seen how effective the current counterinsurgency strategy is at strengthening the writ of the state and extending development in the region. efforts deemed necessary by the government to enhance economic growth and create new jobs. a faction that is waging its own guerrilla war in that country. seeing these extraction efforts as attempts to ensure economic gain for few while further marginalizing many peoples. the majority of the dissenters are the Naxalites. There is an ongoing struggle in the middle of India’s tribal belt.It is difficult to establish the degree and scope of external involvement in the Naxalite insurgency. and broaden the Maoist footprint on the subcontinent. In recent years. It seems that the Naxalite problem. Heirs to the revolutionary ideology of Mao. Indian and Filipino intelligence services allege that the Communist Party of the Philippines. a conflict which. for its militaristic efforts to trounce the Naxalites so far seem to . Looking forward New Delhi confronts a major challenge in the Red Corridor. escalate their class war. however.000 square kilometers known as the Red Corridor. buying up land and acquiring the rights to extract the natural wealth. many say. Manmohan Singh.

It is certain that continued extreme poverty and malnutrition help motivate these people to support a movement that is trying to bring attention to the region’s plight and marginalization. or its democracy). necessary. While other movements seem to attack the Indian state at its strong points (its secularism. with roots in the tremendous deprivation of millions of rural Indians. and diversity are evident in many ways. that these threats can be easily ignited with a simple catalyst if safeguards are not in place. So far. and the government seems to be playing right into their hands. It is important. the Indian government is alienating the people they need most desperately to reach: some of India's most impoverished people within the Red Corridor. who will determine the area’s stability or unrest in the future. As the Indian government intensifies its campaign against the Naxalites. India is often extolled on the international stage as the world’s largest democracy. By narrowly focusing on strong military efforts and extractive economic development. which many see as the biggest danger facing India in the next few years. it highlights the importance of encouraging grounds-up involvement in development efforts and local inclusion in development practices. . to note that this tension is not easily dissolved by mere violence or force. a place where plurality. the conflict has had the unfortunate effect of disrupting the education of some of India’s most marginalized children. The struggle between the Naxalite movement and the Indian government is illustrative of the tension that is inherent in trying to balance between national economic development efforts and sustaining (and hopefully enhancing) local populations’ health and happiness. The problem of inequity is the Naxalites' most effective recruiting device. the Naxalites attack India’s weakest point: the government’s failure in delivering basic government services to those who need them the most. thereby increasing the unrest in an area that so desperately needs basic governmental support and stability. and indeed. its inclusiveness. It is evident that the Naxalite movement is a complex social issue. the Indian state is almost invisible and the vacuum is eagerly filled by the Naxalites. Additionally. In these villages. inclusivity. The tension between the Naxalite movement and the Indian government highlights the importance of integrating national development strategies with local practices. the government’s actions (combined with the Naxalites’ reactions) have had the effect of sharpening inequity. human-rights groups argue that the problem cannot be solved by brute force. But further hasty and ill-strategized military efforts are certain to only exacerbate the violence. and it highlights the power that can result from alienation. showing how easily a marginalized group of people can be persuaded by their dissatisfaction to resort to violent actions with devastating outcomes. But the Naxalites remind us that threats to democracy are never far away and moreover. most of which are semi-literate tribes who exist in near-destitution and who are the Naxalites’ most avid supporters. Negating the power of politics of development could help turn Naxalism into more of a mass movement in India. as Indian troops have used school buildings as part of their operations (thereby inviting attack by the Naxalites).be feeding the problem.

especially in a democracy. To ensure a better. India needs to recognize that unmitigated economic development at the cost of all else is not a viable–or smart–option. future nation. By guaranteeing that the minority voice will always be heard and considered (so long as the minority does so in a non-violent fashion). but it is also a matter of greater significance. that economic and business interests will not run rampant over all other concerns. such as education and infrastructure. India can show the Naxalites – and the world – that it is truly a nation of the people. India should invest in the individual futures of its citizens by guaranteeing basic freedoms and services. and that it has the capacity – and the integrity – to be a strong. India should not further antagonize the Naxalites by merely cracking down in an effort to continue their extractive economic development policies. to all – including those that challenge its basic practices and premises. democratic participant on the world scene.The Naxalite movement is a domestic security concern for India. . Violence alone will not suffice.