MORl DoclD' 570388

1 .• BAC::::: :J';:D

G-l

B. SCC~

G-l

PA~l II - :;~4 HISTORY

G-2

A. OP:::?..-:: .:L2l'!S

0-2 G-3 0-3 G-l.! G-/j G-5 0-5 G-7 0-7 G-8

B. CIRCL-r['::l.Y

c. SIG::.:-_:' PLANS

E. PE;RSC:::IEL

PART III - 1965 HISTORY A. OE..:t-.~10NS

B. CIrtC:'-=~RY
C. FACF7TIES
D. MAr::l31:ANCE
E. 81G::-_:" PLANS
F. CRYF:':GRAPHY G-B

G-9 0-9 O-ll o-ri

G. PE?S::::lEL

PART IV - ::.?66 HISTORY

A. OE;;_-.~10NS

B. FACI:.ITIES AND CIRCUITRY

c-a.i G-12 G-12

C. EQU:::=::;:HT

D. SIG::.! • .z.. PlANS

0-13 0-13

F. TRAI:::mG

1

3

5

6

7

8

9

10

II

12 13

14

15 16

17 18 19 20 21

22 23

24

26 27

28

29

30

31

GROUP 1

£XC~J':'~ij l' n0i·, "'U~ VJ'UU.I.'--

DOI~~!GRADING AND DEC IFICATIO~:

G-1 ts- _ SI1.. _~,?, -z...~S)

DOI~~!GRADING M~D~IFICATIO~:

.£ 'DOc.. :; .:{

r

-_"\

MORl DoclD' 570388

Page
0-14 1
-
A. OPERAT.LONS C.-14 !
B. FACILITIES AND CIRCUITRY G-11j 3
C. EQuIPMENT G-Ill 4
D. SIGNAL PLANS 0-15 5
E. CRYPl'OGRAPHY 0-15 6
F. COMMUNICATIONS SECURITY 0-16 7
PART VI - 1968 HISTORY 0-17 8
A. OPERATIONS 0-17 9
B. FACILITIES AND CIRCUITRY G-17 !Q.
C. EQUIPMENT 0-18 11
D. SIGNAL PLANS G-18 12
E. CRYPI'OGRAPHY G-18 13
F. WIRE TAPPING G-19 14
PART VII - 1969 HISTORY G-20 15
A. GENERAL G-20 16
B. COMMUNICATIONS CONCEPT 0-20 !l
C. PERSONNEL 0-21 18
D. CODES 0-23 19
E. TELEPHONE SYSTEMS 0-23 20
F. SECURE VOICE SYSTEMS G-211 2l
G. FREQUENCIES G-211 22
H. CODE WORDS G-25 23
I. CALL SIGNS G-26 24
J. LOGISTICS 0-26 II
K. SPECIAL TRAINING 0-27 26
L. COUNTERPART COMMUNICATIONS G-27 27
M. COMMUNICATIONS STUDY G-28 28
N. TACTICAL RADIO EQUlPMENT G-28 29
30
TAB 1 - CODEWORDS. NICKNAMES AND CALL SIGNS G-40 31 MORl DoclD' 570388

APPENDIX G

~A~SOG CU~MurlICA£ION~

/" PART I.

A~~. ~GROUND

This Appendix contains

INTRODUCTION

a record of l1ACSOG I S communications

net development including an accounting of the procedures of

1
~
3
4
5
6
7 Ib]{U
8 Ib][3J
9
10
11
12 network.

~~-·~~~PE

~~i::: detailed documentary matter relating to the early development of MACSOG communications no longer exists in command files, COMUSMACV Command Histories from 1964 to 1968 are used

as the main sources of reference in compiling this record. Further, 13

this Appendix is arranged in yearly sequence basis in order that the steps involved in establishing a communications network for a MACSOG type military operation can be more clearly followed.

G-l

Appendix G

14

15

!2.

17

18 19 20 21

22

23

24 25 26

27 28

29

30

31

MORl DoclD: 570388

PART II. 196~ HISTORY

1964, one of the unresolved problems related to the amount of communications support CAS would provide

b. The military prov1ded:

(1) Operationa1/administrat1ve circuits for MACSOQ's use from COMUS~~CV headquarters to Naval Advisory Group (NAD).

Danang. Airborne Training Center, Camp Long Thanh. American Embassy. Saigon, and Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Saigon.

~~CSOG Communications/Electronic Instructions, dated 21 Nov 68.

G-2

Appendix Q

1

2 3

(blln (bJl31

12
13
14 Ib1(1)
!l IbJl31
li
12
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
~
U
28
l2.
!Q.
31 MORl DoclD: 570388

~2) M.intenanoo of MAROPS equipment and radio operator'

!,l"'oficif''1cy.

I<lAROPS and flight crew communi cat ors •

g

he responsibility ror communications logistic 13

ITRY

end of 196~. TTY circuits had been established for 16 from Saigon to NAD, Danang and First Flight Detachment, 17

The l1ACSOG single sideband (SSB) net included SaG Head- 19

Camp Long Thanh. First Flight Detachment, Nha Trang, 20

21

Unsecure telephone voice hot11nes were established between!! Camp Long Thanh, and Tan Son Nhut Air Base.

MIDRIFF air missions. in late 196~, were Bupported by plane were originated in the Air Studies Branch of MACSOG.

Officer ltr of 1 July 196~, Subj:

G-3

Appendix G

1

3

4

[b1l1J (bJl3J

5

6 7

8

9 10

11 IbJl1]

(b)(31

14 15

18

(bill] (bIl3)

22

23

25
26
27
28 (bJll]
29 (b1!3]
30
31 MORl DocID. 570388

1

IbU1J lbU3J

2

3 4

5 6

7

B

9

Literal one-time pads for agent team encryption were furnished 10

through CAS, Saigon. No other FOOTBOY crypto requirements were 11

uring this period.-

12 13

The military section of SaG communications was originally 14

conceived as a staff planning organization with a Joint Table 15

of Distribution (JTD) of two officers and two enlisted men 16

established. Temporary duty personnel were required to operate

17

-

MACSOG radio circuitry. These temporary duty personnel were pro- 18 vlded by MACV J-l until permanent personnel were assigned to MACSOG"~ 20

21

22 23

24

25

26 27

28

Notes. undated

Itr of 1 July 1964. SUbj:

29 30 31

G-1I

Appendix G

MORl DoclD: 570388

TOP ~T 7

PART III. 1965 HISTORY

1

mnu (bU3J

G-5

Appendix G

G-5

Appendix G

MORl DocID' 570388

~mo for Re.ord of LTC E. T. Haye., USA, dated 15 Sep 1969

28 29 30 31

0-6

Appendix G

(bUn (bJ!31

MORl DocID: 570388

~

B~IRCUITRY

~ree additional TTY circuits were established within the ~~CSOG communications network in 1965. These circuits proVided

a multipoint with

direct communications "'Iith Clark Air Base;/Command and Control

ort: the NAD circuit·

(C&~) Deta hment, Danang( and Forward Operating Base (FOB), Phu Bai.

2. ( An SSB net. utilizing DWN-2A radios. was -es t ab Lt shed between S0 Headquarters, Camp Long Thanh, First Flight Detachment, Nha

Trang. and NAD. Danang in early 1965. Later in the year, this net was ! extended to include the newly activated C&C Detachment at Danang. ~

The COMUSMACV 1965 Command

History indicates that this C&C Detach-!£

mant was also provided with high frequency transmitters and

receivers in order to establish a base radio station for SHINING BRASS ~ operations. The FOBs at Kham Duc and Dak To were also added to the 13

SSB net with activation of KMW-2A equipment at these locations. ground-air o support SHINING BRASS teams, AN/PRC-25 (FM)/ radios

(AM)

w p ured as well as AN/PRC-6~s ~or field-base use. The PRc-6~

was issued to replace the bulkier and heavier AN/GRC-109 radio. SHINING BRASS communicat1ons between the C~C detachment. the

FOBs and launch sites consisted of CW and voice rad10 utilizing

one time pads or operations codes. Communications from the teams to

launch sites consisted of CW initially. As PRC-25s were introduced, ~

an FM voice capability between the team and base evolved by utilizing forward air control (FAC) aircraft as relay paints. high po1nts in

Ground relay stations, established at~ensit1ve areas inaccessible

to the enemy due to terrain features. were alBa activated to

as~~~~teams in communicat1ng with their base. ~)DesPite its heavy weight. agent teams in NVN continued to us~ 27

the GRC-I09 in 1965 as it was the only dependable equ1pment ~

to meet their long-term requirements.

G-7

Annendix G

1

2

3

4

5 5 7

!! II li II IS

~ 20

22

23

24

26

29

!2. II

(bUn (bU3J

MORI DocID' 570388

1

(bU1) (bIlS)

3

4

5 6

7

B

9

Maintenance o~ !-:..~c<:rr communications ecg.:ip:"er::t II

10

by support commands as the result of verbal l2

agreements only. This left much to be desired. Therefore. SOG requested~ that appropriate commands be officially tasked to provide these

services, As a result of this request, US Army Vietnam tasked specific commands to provide maintenance support for SOG radio. teletypewriter and cryptographic equipment located at SOG Headquarters. NAD Danang, and First Flight Detachment. Nha Trang .•

f~nex N. 1965 comTSMACV Command History

14
15
16
17
18
19 (bJl1)
20 (bU3)
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31 16
!l ibm]
18 (bJl3J
~
~
called
g
II
~
2S
26
27
28
29
30 MORl DoclD

responsibility for providing agent teams with crypto-

aphic material (one time pads) was transferred

o SOG

Communications 1n December. After making arrangements with the National Security AgencYJ SaG was provided two series of Diana pads for issue to OPLAN 34A teams. SHINING BRASS personnel, and the STn for operations and training. In addition, one time pads.

Calypso, were furnished SOG for roadwatch reporting. In November,

,

Agent Team VERSE was the first team to infiltrate with this roadwatch cryptographiC material. These pads allowed roadwatch teams to report contacts by four-digit groups based on numbered flash

responsibility for decryption of agent team messages was aSSigned to the STn in December. This change reduced the time of decryption and the subsequent translation of messages received from the field. SOG Communication~ continued to retain the

responsibility of encrypting messages addressed to the agent teams.*'

CSOG Communications Appendix III to Annex 2 June 1966.

TOP ~

Briefing NotesJ undated.

N, COMUSMACV Camrnard History dated

0-9

Appendix 0

.I' •• t""',...- ... ----- ---

2 June 1966. »>

- ..... _-- ... _ .... "

.... _ --- _.. ,;

570388

(bUn Ib)[3J

31

MORl DoclD. 570388

-

TOP('~

7t"'~

G -.7 ~ !:_ERSOIllJEL

• ThE' NAr<;Or. .T'l'D cI'lted 15 Octnber , 905 reflected thE' foll ('wi"~

personnel as being authorized for the SaG Communications Division' 3

~ ~ Service
Communications Officer 0-5 Navy
Operations/Plans Officer O-ll Air Force
Material/Security Officer 0-3 Army
Comm Center Supervisor E-8 Air Force
Chief Radio Operator E-5(2 ea) Army
Field Radio Repairman supv E-6 Army
Field Radio Repairman Supv E-5 Army
Crypto Repairman E-6 Army
Teletype Repairman E-5 Army
Crypto Specialist E-5 Army
Comm Center Specialist E-4 Army
Comm Center Specialist E-3(2 ea) Army
Comm Center Specialist E-4(3 ea) Air Force
Admin Spec E-II Air Force
Intermediate Speed Rad Oper E-II(8 ea) Army G-I0

Appendix G

1 2

4

5 6 7

8

2. 10

!.! g

U 14

12

16

11 18 19 20

~

22

E

24

25 26 27 28 29 30 31

MORl DocID: 570388

-

r ~R'~

1.( )During 1966.

the JltACSOG cor-munf cat t ons Center transnltted

PART IV. 1966 HISTORY

and· eceived approximately 2,500 messages per month. Personnel

continued to encrypt messages by the one-t1me-pad method and pro- 1

vided technical assistance to senior officers while they were 6

rational missions. 7

for the TTY circui ts serving JIlACSOG 8

wer originally on the priority 2 level. To preclude the SOG 9

circuit from being preempted. an agreement was worked out with COMUSMACV Communications whereby a 2~-hour. Id restoration priority

was aSSigned the SOG TTY circuity during the period operational missions were in progress.

3.(~ secure TTY pony circuity was activated between the SOG He~ar~ers and toe MACV J-6 Communications Center. This circuit

was used to pass:

a. "Immediate" and .. flash" procedence outgoing traff1c

originated by ~CSOG.

b. "Immediate" and "flash" precedence traffic addressed 19

to MACSOG.

c. Highly perishable intelligence information to COMUS~ACV ~

:~~d been received on the Project BUGS TTY circuit.

B~~ LITIES AND CIRCUITRY

1. ) The Khe Sanh. Kontum and Phu Bai lRunch bases entered the

SOG SSB net in 1966.

-~~;~on the activation of the Joint Personnel Recovery Center

(J~~- ~ :'oint-to-p01nt secure voice fac1li ty between the JPRC 27

and the Joint Search and Rescue Center at Tan Son Nhut Air

Base

) MAC SOC Communications DiVision initiated a project which

would add a TTY alternate circuit from Danang Control to C&C

Detachment, Danang. The purpose of this new c1rcuit was to g1ve

Danang Control

~

a multi-point TTY capability and prov1de a highpr

G-11

Appendix G

1

2

3

4

o

1:. d

13

14 15 16

!l

18

20

22

23

24

25

26

28 29

30

31

MORl DoclD: 570388

~

TTY reliability in the Danang area. Additionally, a RA~T

-

net was in the nr-oce sa of beintT established bet~,een C&C

Detachment, Danang and associated FOBs and launch sites. At

the close of the year, the project was not completed due to 4

urement difficulties. 5

) Naval ShQre Electronics Activity Pacific was tasked to 6

provide and install a TTY circuit between NAD, Danang and Cu Lao Cham Island. The purpose of this circuit was to provide a

timely relay to SOQ of perishable intelligence and psychologi~al 9

operations information. The installation was not completed in 10

II

12 Safe Area Activation Teams (SAAT) were organized 13

NT

and

training in 1966, it was determined their communications

equipment would consist of PRC-71 and URC-IO radios.

These radios were diverted to SOG

from i~=~ry sources and given the teams. 2~~ ~~ring November and December 1966, capaole of CW and SSB voice transmission were

15 PRC-7~ radios,

received and

o SUbordinate un1ts within MACSOe.

21 MI/PRT-~ and AN/PRR-9 squad radios were evaluated for

SG's use, and it was determined they would be highly desirable

for field operations. Plans were made to divert a certain percentage ~ of these radios to SOG when they arrived in country. ~ ~. (~request was submitted for the VSC-2. Jeep mounted radio 25

te1~ ~RATT) to rill the requirement for a secure RATT circuit 26

betwe~c Detachment. Danang and the FOBs. D.~) ~GNAL PLANS

l~ADAZ tactical signal plans with operating instructions Were air dropped to agent teams in NVN, and at the close of the year all but one team. VERSE. had GADAZ plans in their possession.

G-12

Appendix G

1

2

3

7 8

14 15

16 II 18

19

20

22

27 28

29

30

31

MORl DoclD' 570388

by SAAT personnel equipped with the

PRe-7lrO. E~) ~AOGRAPHY

l~A brevity code was devised to furnish agent teams a secure method of passing brief messages by voice to observer aircraft.

A similar. but briefer, code was prepared for training and use by SAAT personnel.

requested S) The National Security Agency developed a specially /

code to support SHINING BRASS operations in December 1966. The code. KAC-199. appeared to be both versatile and secure by

communication personnel, and plans were made to put it into use

in earY-967. F. _)J2S) ~AINING

~It was determined that the newly organized SAAT required minimum CW communications capability in order to accomplish their

mission. In response to this need, the STD inst1tuted an 11

week CW operator's course at Camp Long Thanh, and the first claBs ~

was in the final week of training at the close of the year.

~ 22

2.~S)AS a means of keeping agent team radio operators proficient--

in 6W communications while waiting to be infiltrated, a refresher ~

'~.ndIX VIII TOP7k

/"." .. --- -

/

to Annex M. 1966 COMUSMACV Command History.

G-13

Appendix G

1 (bUn
(b1l3J
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2-
10
-
11
11
13
14 II II a 11. 18

19

21

II
~ [b1l11
1111131
~
U
28
29
as
31 MORl DoclD: 570388

..

/#

, __ L PART v. 1967 HISTORY ,~~p~rC~!

1. (TSJ The communication acti vi ties of IfACSOa expanded signH~-

3

1

cantly in 1967 with the commencewent of DANIEL EOONE operations. In 4

respect to communications support, these operations set a pattern

similar to that of PRAIRIE FIRE. The PRAIRIE FIRE operations continued

essentially as before with the exception of a RATT net which was established to link C&C Detachment, Danang with all its FOBs and launch sites.

!....

!

9

the C-~ U.

IS

Deta:h~~~t Ho Ngoc Tau were added to the SSE net in 1967.

~) A RATT circuit Was established between NAD, Danang and eu

Lao Cham Island. This Circuit provided MACSOG a relay for

19

perishable intelligence and psychological operations information. 3.(~n October 1967. a secure, dedicated TTY circuit was acti- 22

/' - II

vated between SOG Communications Center and the DUCK HOOK facility

at Nakhon Phanom. A similar type circuit was also established

2S between the Center and Ban Me Thuot to Dandle DANIEL EOONE communi-

26

catnions. -

C. ( EQUIPr.!ENT 27

shippe~s 2s, a new tactical SSB radio, were received and /

29

to C~C Detachment, Danang for use on the C&C net.

2.vrS) Fifteen AN/PRC-74s were issued to field units.

/ transceiver

WqS an improved light Weight SSB / which was to serve

This set

;!Q,

31

as an

interim item between the AN/GRC-109 and the developmental AN/PRC-70.

TOPP~ 7

/

G-lll

Appendix G

(bUn (b][31

MORl DocID. 570388

Danang

at I received 131 of the new, miniature 1

teams. These radios were to be used for air to ground as well

a~ ~:~eam commu~ications.

D /:~;:GNAL PLANS

• ~ll agent teams in NVN were queried as to whether

Dr not they held the GADAZ signal plans at their locations. As

a result of this querys it was discovered that many of the teams

had cached the plans in uns~cure areas thus making acttvation,of

GADAZ an impossibility. It was, therefore, determined that the normally used sIgnal plans tor these agent team8 would continue to be employed and improved upon when any deficienCies became apparent.

2.~fuen the SAAT program was discontinued and th~ STRATA

co~t took its place, it was judged that the AN/PRC-7~ radio was most suitable for the STRATA teams. A signal plan was developed 1n support of this equipment, and it was used between

the teams and the new STRATA base station established at Danang. E~ PTOGRAPHY 1., S)Acting on MACSOG's

18 (NSA) 19 request, the National Security Agency / --

developed a special code to be employed in cross-border operations. This code, the KAC-199, appeared to be both versatile and secure when it went into effect in February 1967. After the code had

been put into use, it was discovered that it was extremely difficult to use since the system was not categorized. A revised version,

categorized under subject headings, was introduced, and reports

26 from the field ind1cated that it was an improvement over the original

developed by SOG Communications to support STRATA. It was considered, by MACSOG, that the code would be simple to use; enable

a Vietnamese to pass messages verbally to English speaking persons; offer a method of making mDssaees brief; and give a measure of

security TO pL"c RET

G-l'i

7

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 !.Q. 11 12 g

ll. II 1!

17

20

II

22

23

24 25

MORl DocID 570388

~

~ ~OO Co~uni,ationa conceived another ,od" KAC-23', \la~ !.:-t~nded ~t • .:.~ ~hl;;, e ode , w .. Lch Wo.;:: .I.,,;, ued (;0 ene 1 a e ro

for implementation in February 1968. would be used for rotating,

on a daily basis, tne call signs and personnel ~dentiflers used

SSB net.'

SECURITY

request of Chief, MACSOG, the 10lst Radio

Research Company monitored and analyzed the sao radio net in July 1967 to determine what, if any, information of intelligence • value could possibly be obtained by the enemy through intercept and analysis of traffic on the net. Following the analYSis,

it was pointed out by the communications security activity that

security and discipline on the radiO net was extremely loose, and that the circuit provided an excellent source of information

explo1tation by the enemy.

a result of this security check, several actions were

taken by MACSOG to improve communications security. These actions

included

• B the rotations of call signs on a daily baSiS, imp1ementation~

of an authentication system. and the stressing of the proper use

of operational codes."

~pend1X VIII to Annex ~~MACSOG Directive Number

G, 1967 COMUSMACV Command H1story 105-6 of 9 Sep 1967.

G-16

Appendix G

It

1

,

3 4 5

6

7

8

9

10

11 12 13

14 15 16 17

20

21 22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

3{)

31

MORI DoclD: 570388

7Qn£.

,_~ PART VI. 196B HISTORY

A~)~RA~!C~~

~.(~:Acs~omrnunications act1vit~es continued to expand in

196~ A significant factor in this expansion was the establishment of STRATA FOBs at Danang and the NAD FOB at Phan Thiet. 2.(~o accommodate the increaa1ng cross-border ope~ations, the MAC~ SSB net was diVided, with Net A being dedicated to

PRAIRIE FIRE and Net B to DANIEL BOONE operations. Communications 8

support for these programs were sim11ar, and a RATT net was established

linking Command and Control South eCCS) at Ban Me Thuot with FOB-6 at~ Ngoc Tau.

~S)-AB a result of the establishment of the STRATA Monkey Mountain FOB (MMFOB) Communications Center at Danang in July 1968, MACSOG began to receive more timely reports on STRATA mlssions. B.(TS) FACILITIES AND CIRCUITRY

~upon relocation of MA;SOG to MACV 1 Compound in January 1908; non-secure voice hot lines were installed between SOG

Headquarters, 1st Flight, CCN, Ho Ngoc Tao. and Nakhon Phanom. ~~In Februapy. a separate SSB net between CCS and ~CSOr. was established which eliminated an overload problem on the

Command and Control North (CCN) net. 21

~n July, Ml>lFOB at Danang was ad,ded to the TTY circuit as a 22 mUlti-point extension. This circuit then tied MACSOG Headquarters 23

Wit~CCN' N D. and MMFOB. Danang. 24 ~.( In September, a secure, dedicated TTV circuit ~BS activated 25 bet een the MACSOG Communications Center and CCN which provided an 26

alternate traffic route to the Danang area.

5~~n December. when psychological operat10ns on Cu Lao Charr Island were d1scontinued, the RATT circuit between that activity

and NAD~D nang was deactivated.

major

~ )All / MACSOG field units received Terminal Telegraph(TH-5)

equipment during this period. This equipment made it possible to

')'1E' a "oj ell' potlire to p9SS teletype traffl~ wh:l cb criu Ld !lervE" as a

G-17

Appendix G

1

3 4

5

6

7

10

11 12 13

14 15

16 17

18 19 20

zz 28

29

30

31

MORI DocID' 570388

7~

7rhe ceN RATT net was extended to include !lakhon Phanor.

In ~e~~~Ler ]GO.

HATT circuit be tween ces and its FOB was established

early

1968. When ces moved to Ban Me Thuot 1n July, voice

hot lines were established with FOB-6 at Ho Nhoc Tau and MACSOG

was approved by COMUSMACV for TTY and voice circuits between MACSOG and Command and Control Central

(CCC) at Kontum. It was determined that the circuit activation date wo~~~5 January 1969. 10~,)_Action was initiated MMFOB, Air Operations Group. and

to validate ceN. eee, ces, NAD

the Joint Translation Center as

secure~e Systems, KY-3 (AUTOSEVCOM) subscribers. C.~) ~IPMENT

MACSOG received 80 KY-38 PM secure voice units in 1968, This equipment. which operated in conjunction with the PRC-77. were distributed to field units. They were to be used by PRAIRIE FIRE

and DANIEL BOONE teams to communicate between FOBs, launch sites !!

and.:~relay points. D.~) ~GNAL PLANS

In order to occupy the enemy in looking for an agent team

that did not exist in NVN, a diversionary, tactic was initiated in October 1968, whereby a non-existent agent team in

with all the equipment a regular team would have.

NVN was suppUed ~ 24 A realistic signal-

U

plan, including crystals, crypto pads and contact schedules for

this diversionary unit was developed that was similar to the existing signal plans. This signal packet was included in the

resupply bundle for the notional teams. E~CRYPTOGRAPHY

~SOG personnel code, KAC 234, was issued to the field for use on radio nets, voice hot11nes and conventional

telephones. The code was initially developed as a personnel code ~

G-18

Appendix G

TOP ~T

Ann .. nrH y r.

2

3

4

5

6

7 8

9

!Q. II

12

13 14

II 16

_..

l7

19 20 21

22

~

27

~

29

30

MORI DocID' 570388

./k

but was expanded to include locations of l1ACSOG activitIes,

-

thp 1~pntiflratjnn nf rout1np rpoorts.

4

late December, a new STRATA code, tDPC-278, arrived 3

It was planned that this code, '<lhich '<las a c omb a.ned

brevity code and a one time code printed and cross-indexed in 5

Vietnamese and EngliSh, would replace the locally produced code 6

in Use by the STRATA teams.* 7

APPING 8

a means of enhancing the intelligence collection 9

effort, wire tapping operations were introduced into MACSOG 10

operations in 1968. In an operation plan, Chief MACSOG provided 11

the essential information for the integration of wire tap 12

procedures with PRAIRIE FIRE, DANIEL BOONE, STRATA, and Maritime 13

action.~~peratlonal missions. 14

2~~ The concept of operations in the plan called for the 15

cross-border teams to be equipped with the MS-l electronics devices 16

and to conduct wire taps of active ene~ communlc2tions (wire) 17

when feasible within designated operational areas. When semi- 18

permanent communications installations had been located, it was 19

directed that the more sophisticated device, XR4-100. would be 20

introduced into the operational area by selected teams to ~

continue wire tap monitoring for extended periods.11 22

23

24

25 26

-

II

28

27

Annex F, COMUSMACV 1968 Command History 37A-6B (TOTEM POLE) (U) dtd 23 Jan 68

29 30 31

G-19

AppendiX G

MORl DocID. 570388

-

MACSOG Dublished un-tn-dRtp cnnmun1e~tions

PAnT VII. 1969 HISTOR~

1

and operational concepts of MACSOG communications

Since this

and electronics ~nstructions which cod~fied the administrative 3

2

publication provldes a concise description of MACSOG communica- 5

tion activities in the beginning of 1969, the more significant 6

sections of these instructions are set forth below. 7

B~ommunlcations Conce t 8

1. ( ) "The basic concept of soa Communications is to 9

prov~ a secure, reliable chain of command from Chief. SaG to

each of his subordinate commanders. ~he basic concept is met 10

in the following manner.

11 a. "A secure. dd.d.Le a't ed , simplex, 60 wpm teletype cireui t

from SOG Headquarters via a tropo path to First Flight 12

Detachment at Nha Trang.

13 b. "A secure, dedicated, simplex, 60 wpm. teletype circuit

from SOG Headquarters via a tropo path to C&C North at 14

Danang. (r-tarble Mountain)

c. "A secure, dedicated, simplex, 60 wpm, multipoint

teletype circuit frOm SOG Headquarters via a tropo path to 16

NAD and MMFOB, Danang.

d. "A secure, dedicated, duplex, 60 wpm teletype circuit

to MACV Headquarters via cable through Saigon Tech Control 18

and Gia Dinh Tech Control.

e. "A secure, dedicated, simplex, 60 wpm teletype circuit

via tropo path and TRC-2~ to C~C South at Ban Me Thuot. 20

f. "A secure. dedicated, simplex, 60 wpm teletype circuit 21

via tropo to FOE and Launch Site at Nakhon Phanom, Thailand.

g. "A secure, dedicated, simplex, 60 wpm teletype circuit via tropo to ecc at Kontum.

h. "An unsecure, single sideband voice network is used as a backup for the nets noted above. In addition, all PRAIRIE FlRE(C) FOBs and Launch Sites and the training camp at Long Thanh are members of this voice network. This is protected by use of KAC-23~, KAC-199 and KAC-140.

i. "Unsecure telephone voice hot lines to eCN, CCC, NADI MMFOB, CCS, 1st Flight and Nakhon Phanom. All of the above except CCS have the capability of passing teletype 1n the event a regular circuit 1s out by using a VOice frequency telegraph terminal TH-5.

G-20

Appendix G

15

17

19

22 23

24 25 26 21 28

29 30

31

MORl DoclD. 570388

communicat~ons conce~ts essential to the SOG operat~onal m~ssions'

c. "C&C North, Danang RTT Net. A secure, joint, mobile radio teletype net between C&C North, FOBs and Launch Sites. This provides maximum security to sensitive operations.

d. "Intelligence reports from Phoenix/Dodo. A secure radio teletype circuit between Phoenix/Dodo and the Naval Advisory Detachment, Danang was activated on 15 January 1967 in order that intelligence reports could be ralayed to Chief, SOG in a timely manner." I

3.~igUre~iB a simplified diagram of the MACSOO CO~~~ions network.

C~~_~RSONNEL

l~( ) "Personnel for SOG communications are aSSigned in accor nce with the current Joint Table of Distribution (JTD) for he Studies and Observations Group, U.S. Military Assistance Co~~and. Vietnam.

is reviewed semi-annually at which time

3. ( "Personnel ilssigned to eeN, eee and ecs are

contI' led by the 5th SFG, Nha Trang and, therefore, do not app r on the SOO JTD. Personnel assigned to Air Ops Group are controlled by 7th Air Porce." "

Communications-Electronic Instructions, dated 1908

0-21

Appendix G

1
: IbU1J
3 Ib)(3J
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
~
27
28
29
30
31 MORl DoclD. 570388

FIGURE G-~

.-'

T\ L Y

,

.. I I

......

A. Try
1.1 i~"'; r
C c.w
D SSD
L Ho·r.i...:NE ,i'·OI.1-1 PnllDal

.---'"'\

-- .. ,~ _/

Ll'-''''' • '.-/

'e

D

B

8

I

Cj

Dj

I

I

J

i

I

I .

• .:»

\ /'

.. ~

..... ·,·1· ,

MACSOG COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

0-22

Appendix G

MACSOG COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

/

{bUn (bU31

MORl DoclD 570388

7~T .

:. (~des. BeLow l~sted are crypto1;raphic codes that

"I'~:~e: t-y "~~ict!r 1-1J1.CSOO: ';!.ct-lVlt~~E !." 1969·

ceN CCS
USKAC-199' USKAC-19911
USKAC-231l' UAKAC-231l11
KAA-SERIES KAA-SERIES
VL-OTP KAC-140
XY-OTP VL-OTP
WW-OTP XY-OTP
WW-OTP
CLT !!QQ.
USKAC-231l1 USKAC-231l*
KAA-SERIES KAA-SERIES
KAC-lllO VL-OTP M~lFOB USKAC-23lJ1 KAA-SERIES XY-OTP ADAC-278

!i!5..E NAD

USKAG-23lj~ USKAC-23~

KAA-SERIES KAA-SERIES

KAC-lIlO

(Draws fm CCN)

.ns, USKAC-1991 (Radio) KAA-SERIES (Radio) USKAC-234' (All Sections) VL-OTP (Radio/OP-3~}

XY-OTP (Radio/OP-31l) WW-OTP (Radio/OP-34) KAG-lliO (Radio) AKAC-125 (OP-32) AKAC-132 (OP-31)

2~( "KAA-SERIES USKAC-234 USKAC-199 KAC-IlJO

AKAC-125 AKAC-132 VL-OTP XY-OTP WW-OTP

(Authentication Table)

(SOG Personnel Code - 50 registers)

(SOG Operations Code - 1~ registers) (Operations code - used throughout Vietnam -

8 copies available to SOG)

(USAF Operations Code [Pacific Area] - 1 register available to SOG)

(USN Operat1ons Code (Pacific Area) -

1 register available to SOG) (One Time Pad - 2 register) (One T1me Pad 3 register) (One Time Pad - 7 register)

"above l.tems do not include TT keylists. KY-38 keylists 22

or erica1 and alpha-numerical one time ~ads. The numerical

and alph - umerical pads are on-hand, but have not been implemented." 23

24

"Two common user trunks are installed between BUFFALO switc (Long Thanh) and BEARCAT (9th Inr Div Switch. located

adj ent to Long Thanh). BEARCAT is connected to the Baigon

Long Distance Switch at Tan Son Nhut via a radio relay at Long Binh. To reach BUFFALO, dial TIGER operator and ask for BEARCAT. Ask BEARCAT for BUFFALO or BUFFALO I to reach the US Switch at Long Thanh, and ask for BUFFALO 2 to reach the VN Switch at Long

Thanh. The circuit number of the US Trunk is KRT-7. and

the VN Trunk is KRT~8."

2. '~IA hot line, circuit number. KRT-9. is installed bet~~~he'oP-3~ office and the BUFFALO SWitch. This circuit is routed through the MACV II page microwave to the STRATCOM Phu Lam Frame to a tropo circuit to Vung Tao, and then up to BEARCAT frame via tact 1 radio l'elay, and from there to BUFFALO.""

.., .Lllu.u.d.tes code peculiar to SOG.

~) M OG Communications-Electronic

TOP S T

G-23

InstrUctions,dated 21 Nov 1968.

Appendix G

! 2

3

4 1 ~ 7

a

9 .!9. 11

12

II

14

15

!.§. l7

18 19 2D

II

25 26 27

28

-

29 30

31

~'

~ECURE VOICE SYSTEMS

1. ) "SOG Headquarters has the follo~'lng Secure Voice

Syst~ , KY-3 (AUTOSEVOCO~).

a. nDDDV KU~1-6. Located in OP-32 (CCC) with an extension in OP-35.

b. "DUDV SJV-6. Located in OF-Bo (JPRC) with an extension in room 0 (Chief, SOG).

addition to the KY-3. Det l~ 30th Weather secure voice telephone (KY~l~ to the 7th Air Son NtJUt. to circuit SJV-6. 1111

2.

Squa Force

G • ("'~REQUENCrES

~~S~~he area frequency coordinator is MACV (J-6). However, due to the many Vietnamese and US civilian and military users, frequency coordination 15 almost an impossibility. Where frequencies are not specifically assigned for SOG use, they are selected and used on a non-interference basi~.

"The .following f'requencies have been permanently 19ned to SOG by the MAC J-6 frequency coordinator.

TOP~~

7

Appendb G

MORI DocID. 570388

1
2
3
4
5
-
~
2. .
i
)
! I
, ,
2. ' f
I
.!.Q. ' I
I l
II
g . !
)1
13
14 I' {bl[1J
15 [hU3]
II
I'
!! ' I
fi
II
!!
!2.
20
II
E.
~
~
~
ll.
27
~
29
30
II
I
r.
I'
I.
r MORl DoclD. 570388

T7~
a. "HF Freauencies 1
l"reguency Emmission Locat a en l
3156.5(3155)* 3A3J 123 CTZ 3
3lJ93{3lJ9lJ.5)* 1.1F1 1 CTZ
3A3J All CTZ 4
3536.5(3535)* 1.1Fl/3A3J 1 CTZ
3541.5(35110)11 3A9J RVN 5
3118 6A9B RVN
1I005· 1.1Fl 1 CTZ 6
4255 Al 1 CTZ
4295· Al 1 CTZ 7
1I51B.5(lJ517)· 3A3J 1 CTZ
1I900 Al 1 CTZ 8
4928.5(lJ927) 3A9J NKP, Thai 9
51107.5(5lJ07) 3A3J 1 CTZ
5500 1.1F1 1 CTZ 10
552111 CW Air/Ground
5715(5721.5)' 3A3J 123 CTZ 11
6797.5(6796) 3AgJ NKP, Thai
6920(6926.5) 3A3J 123 CTZ 12
7051.S{70S0)1I 3A3J NKP. Thai
7323.5(7321)* 3A3J HVN 13
7425 6A9B RVN
7620.5(7619) 3A3J RVN 14
7578.5(7577)* 3A9J NKP, Thai
79113 1.1F1 RVN 15
8218.5(8217) 3A3J 1 CTZ
go1l3' 1.1F1 DNG 16
91115(9151.S)1I 3A3J 123 CTZ
10021* CW Air/Ground 17
10100· 6A9B 2 CTZ
10121. 5(10120) 3A3J 1 CTZ 18
10142.5 (l0111 1) 3A3J 3 & lJ CTZ
10891.5(10890) 3A3J 1 CTZ 19
12700· CW 1 CTZ
12885.5(12B811)* 3A3J 1 CTZ 20
llJ651. 5 (1lJ 650) 3A3J 1 CTZ
III 961. 5 (llJ 960) I 3A3J 3 & lJ CTZ 21
15711.5(15710)' 3A3J 1 CTZ
16556.5(16555) 3A3J 1 CTZ 22
b. "VHF FrequenCies 23
61. 850 30F3 BEAR CAT 24
63.950 30F3 BEARCAT
119.8 6A3 SON/AlOIA 25
138.3 3F2 AIR
228.3 80F3 DNG 26
247.9 80F3 DNG
259.3 BOF3 DNG 27
259.lI BOF3 DNG
28
c. nUHF FrequenCies
336.9 6A3 29
Long Thanh
, 0#' 360.6 6A3 1 & 2 CTZ
30
366.6 6A3 1 & 2 CTZ.""-
31
!ABOO frequencies.
MACSOG Communications-Electronics Instructions, dated
190B.
·Y ('ll5"l -CsOG Communications~EJ.ectronics Instructions. dated
TOP SEtHET u- :> Appendix G
7 MORl DocID' 570388

Z·T

H '.7'YDE1.JORDS ~ueword 'l'lGr.h refers OPLAN-3~A and is consiaered SECRET.

to operations condu~c~d ur~er

MACV or CINCPAC to JCS. The codeword DRAGON s used in OPLAN-3QA messages originated by DOD. JCS to MAC V (SaG), ana CINCPAC.

TIGER indicates limited distribut10n (LIMDIS) of messages which concern OPLAN-3QA operations and is usea both 10 common user and sole user circuits. (Local "codewords" to indicated limited distribution of OPLAN-34A messages alternatively routed to

NAVAD V DET Danang and 1st FIt De t , Nna Trang. 1. e •• Tor-iCAT and PUSSYCAT respectively, have been cancelled as being unnecessary.) Alternately routed messages referring to OPLAN-34A operations are designated LIJlTDIS TIGER like all othel' OPLAN-3~A messages.

) "SOG C-123 aircraft. for administrative communications, 20

use two-letter call sign beginning with "W", i.e., WHISKEY ALPHA, WHISKEY FOXTROT.

list of codewords, ni~nd call signs that were in use during 1968-1969.

J. Loal TICS

responsi-

1. ) "Logistic support for SOG communications is the!

bili of the SOG Logistics Division which requisitions material thr ugh the Counterinsurgency Support Office (CISO). Okinawa.

Crystals ordered thro CISO take six to 11 months to

Requests for communication equipment from the Co~unicat s 0 ficer. Strategic Technical Directorate (STD) are submitted via the SOG Communications Officer for approval or disapproval. This includes requisitions for communication train-

ing equipment at Long Thanh Training Carno and for STD radio

~'on:~: Commun'oat'on.-Eleotron'o In.truot'on'. dated ber 1968.

TOP~ET St;at;10ns."

~H

Appendix G

1

2

3

(111111 (b1{31

4

5

6

7

8

9 10

11

[111111 [11113]

12 13

14

15 16

[bll11 (11](31

17

18 19

21

22 23

[b][11 (111131

24

2S

26 27 28

29

30 31

IIIUl] (11113]

MORl DocID- 570388

TOP SSCRET

K~E~,,~ ::::::,."0"' " r-a "'~ -O".!'o~s tno '''=."".1'''", t aining of agent team, boat and aircraft radio operators by means of traln~ng schedules submlttea by S?~ ana Airborne

Operations, d~screpancy reports ana visits

to soa elements. Direct respons nicat~on

training ~s as follows:

a. "Agent Teams. Vietnamese instructors at Long Thanh Training Camp.

b. "Boat Radio Operators. Initially by instructors

at Long Thanh Training Camp. However, since these personnel are seldom replaced, refresher training is conducted between MAROPS missions by NAVADVDET Danang communications personnel. This training 1s based on the MAROPS signal plan, good communications practices and 0 erat ies as reported in contact reports

.. •• • I ,

c. "Aircraft Radio.

Nha Trang conducts communication refresher tralning of airCraft radio op~rators Training is based On the AIHOPS signal plan, good communication practices and operator

les as reported 1n contact reports

"The Commun1c: .. tion Officer, STD supervises and monitors t training of agent t~am radio operators at Long Thann and submits plans of instruction (POI), training schedules, rosters of students, and reports of results or training to Chief,

OP-3lJ.

II. S) "Short-range radio operator ween the trainees at Long Thanh.

In order to obtain data regarding existing Vietnamese erpart communication networks, equipment be1ng employed. and adequacy of eqUipment available to satisfy communication

i~i.t.GSC::; Cor.,rr,unicat .... ons-Electru[ • ..Lc Lnat z-uc t a.cns , aatea • 21 November 1968.

Appendix 0

1
~
~
3
[bm)
<: lb}[3J
5
6
7
B
9
10 {bUn
11 (b][3)
12
13
14 (bU1J
~ mm
~
12
18
19
20
~
22
~
£!
25 (b](1]
[111131
26
27
28
~
30
31 MORl DoclD: 570388

1P

~

requirements, the nACSOG Communications Material Off1cer, in

July 196;:" va s i t.ed the conunun1cat ... or . ., ... it!;!!;. bUP",-, :":i.l.b t L;

aison Service. ARVN.

Upor; completion of this visit, it uas deter!"lined that

a. Two separate radio networks are maintained. The 5

first is a logistics/administrative net which links STD 6

with its distant terminals (see Figure G-2 ). The second 7

is a command/control/operations net which links the Liaison B Service with the Command and Control Sites {see Figure ~}. 9

h, The STD met predominantly employs the AN/FRC-93 at lO

its Saigon Headquarters, while the AN/PRC-74 equipment is 11

used at distant terminals. The Lais10n Service uses the ~

PRC-74 and the GRC-106 as basic radios.

h. These two nets appear to satisfy counterpart require- ~

ments through the use of Voice and CWo off-line encrypted pads where appropriate.-

with KAC codes and one-time f1~OMMUNICATIONS STUDY 1.(

) The l1ACSOG communications officer conducted a comprestudy of the three SaG Command and Control Detachments'

communications facilities 1n early 1969. As a result of this

study, he determined that:

a. "The Detachments' c ommunf ca tj ons/e1ectronics inventory contains a complex mix of equipment whioh is difficult ~o support with spare parts and which requires maintenance personnel with uncommonly varied training and experience.

b. "Much of the teletype equipment La worn and obsolescent and requires an inordinate amount of maintenance.

c. "Much of the high frequency radio eqUipment is obsolescent and unstable. It will not support a secure radio teletype signal from the C&C to the launch site.

d. "Due to the lack of positive management control procedures. some returning reconnaissance teams have been trfonsferring tactical radio equipment directly to outgoing teams, thereby precluding preventive maintenance procedures which would insure radios are operating at optimum efficiency when deployed .

• ll>5) j'lACSOG Communications I·idt.er 1a1 Cf!'icc!r let'uer .:.:r

--21 July 1969; Subject: "Trip Report, STD Communications SHes."

G-28

Appendix G

1

.:.

3 4

L3

!:2.

16

17 18 19

-

20

II

22

23

24 25

26 27

28

29

30 31

MORl DoclD 570388

r>.

I "

• C" "''''1 -

\. ~ ! .J / '/ ,

~y ~

, ,/\

I =<: .u:

i \ r:r: )

i "-...__../

V 1 ~ cvr

I, I

I

i

Appendix G

G-29

MORl DoclD: 570388

FIGlIRE~

-I

.... --::_...,

........ I

~ ~c_;~-:. ~ ,. . \-

/'\ CCX j _,

/ »<:> ~~\~.~ :I,;_ ..-....

/" ' • ',~y--;.' ,

/ / " \ 't.__)

// ~/"/ ,''-

'/ ,/

.r:

... -

/ 'j"

/" / ,,/

/~- .. " -----c-v~~y-------a

t . - '50;':' l---

• -........ " ('1,',' eee

• b:i:'::",V1Cr:: ) V \ --- )

I res) -::...__./

Appenalx (,

G-30

MORl DoclD

~

e. "AlthouGh suf'f'Lc Lerrt md~ntenance support agreements are in effect with aajacent rac~o and teletype rapair

unf t s , ~JIt;:~C ur.a t s frc.J ........ :1-:1y =. ... :::: t::,· ... ~ ~~:-flc~e,.,.,. sF~""e parts or techn1cal ~no~leage to effect raD&lr QUe to obsolescence of C&C equipment.

f. "l,;uch eouiDrnent in C&C ariver.t.or-t e s is not ne Lng used or 15 in excess of requirements.

g. "Test equipment on hand is inadequate to meet

~~7ance requirements."* 6

2 7) After li5tln~ the above proble"l ar-ea s , the communicatiors 7

Officer, in his report, discussed equipment and maintenance 8

difficulties in detail as follows

a. Tactical Radio Equipment

(1) "The amount of tactical radio equipment on hand, including antennas and handsets, appears to be adequate if properly controlled.

(2) "Procurement of 150 AN/PRC-90s has been approved by the Department of the Army. The PRC-90 is a 2-channel plus emergency beacon lightweight set with ear phone that should replace URC-IO. RT-ID, HT-l and PRT-~/PRR-9 for intra-team coWID and the AN/PRC-41 as oack up air/ground radio.

(3) "AN/PRC-77 are being issued in lieu of AN/ PRC-25.

(4) AN/PRC-64 (lightweight CW and voice set designed for U/W) is receiving little use now but should be retained in inventory for intermediate range (beyond range of PRC-77 but not requiring PRC-74) operations.

(5) "AN/PRC-74s are used tactically for long-range operations (particularly STRATA) and also as backup for SOG SSB voice net and as voice/CW backup for launch site to C&C RATT. PRC-7~ should be retained in inventory.

Command and Control Communications EQUipment

(1) "At this time there are no reliable, secure, rapid communications between launch sites and C&Cs. In one instance, cce to Dat To, a strong secure voice link can be established as soon as a small generator can be procured to furnish power. At other sites, greater distances involved require secure, radio teletype (RATT) communications. Equipment on hand is old, unreliable and continually drifts off frequency. stable (drift free) equipment is required for secure RATT circuits.

(2) "Most teletype equipment in C&C communication centers 1s worn and obsolescent. Replacoment with AN/FGC-25X, which is standard equipment for most Army units in Vietnam, will greatly reduce maintenance and spare parts suooo~t nrohlArn~

II Director, MACSOG-60 letter of 29 l-!ay 1969; Subj ect. "Communi-

cations Requirements for Conuuand anc C;;.;-.~:,~l ['-=ta.-:-r-m"'T\ts."

TOP~~

~ 0-31

II (Jin n1 ,..<'!ctor. MACSOG-bD .J.et. t.er OI~ ~::J Nay .L :to:;l; .;>UU.J " ... " •

Appendix G

570388

1

2 3

4

5

9

10

11

12

13

14 15 16 17 18 19

20

21

22

23

24 25 26 27

28 29

~ 31

MORl DoclD 570388

74

(3)"Standardlzatlon of equipment as reflectea in

(Fj~ln·t> r.-~)f'O"" \,·P:tch flod1tjnn,,1 1.1i"entOl"~F": "h"'llc h!:, prQ~uren, r.'~ll ne c e ar a t.a t e t r-e e)~en.(!'J..t ... rr. of apprc.. ... ~mately $~26,800 as follows.

Quant~ty Nomenclature FSN Total Cost
24 AN/PGC-25X 58l5-6l9-56~1I $ 85,000
6 AN/GRC-106 58l0-o82-3~91 lj3,tlOO
12 MD-522/GRC 5815/999-5277 af 60,000
lj AN/GRC-11l2~/ 5820-788-lj5l5- 238,000 ~/ Modified by substituting AN/FGC-25X as teletype equipment.

c. Maintenance

(1) "Standardization of equ1pment as reflected in

and ease the burden of tecnnicidlls, Who will be required to attain expertise in far fewer equipments.

(2 )IICCC and CCS will acquire additional maintenance capabilities in July When each will receive a Filipino radio repairman and a teletYpe repairman.

(3 ) liThe maintenance capability at each C&C will be considerably enhanced upon procurement of test eqUipment ,~7a1ned in Figure (,-5). "*

3~) ~o alleviate the commUnications problem a C&C'Detachment5~ certain repommendat1ons were made to Chief. MACSOG. The recommendations, which were subsequently approved are listed as

follows

a. "That SOG Logistics Orficer procure the eqUipment speciried in paragraph (b(2)(c» above.ror replacement of Obsolescent eqUipment.

b. "Upon receipt of AN/PRC-90, C&C Detachment turn in all obsolete tactical radios.

c. "That GliC Detacnments retain only those HT-l radios required for camp defense.

d. "That the C&C Detachments turn in all PRT-li/PRR-9 squad radios to Saigon ror turn-in to depot ror credit.

e. "That SOG LogistiC Officer orocure test equipment eont~i~n {Pigure G-S} less ~na~ is currentlJ held.

lj~) In the ~ourse or the survey of the C&C Detachment facilities, their communications networks were delineated and

are reproduced in Figures _0-6 0-7and G-9.

~'-~ctor > MAC::'OG-bO Letter of 29 tolay 1!;f69. SubJec't. Ao~~~~~ation5 Requ1rements for Command and Control Detachments."

Appendix G

?

3

5

6

7

8

9

1:Q

11

12 13

II

15

ll. 17

18

!2.

20

21 22

23

24 25

~ 27

28

29 30

31

MORl DoclD' 570388

~ .

RECO, ';·iENDED CO~j·IUNICATION EQUIPVEUT LI8/
CCN CCS cec Total
Fixed Station
AN/FGC-25X 13 7 4 21J
AN/FGC-58X
AN/GRC-I06 6 " 2 12
MD-522/GRC 6 It 2 12
AN/GRC-1il2 2 2 Ij
AN/FRC-93 8 6 3 17
AN/PRC-7ltE 7 5 6 18
RT-521J 7 6 8 21
Team Radio
PRC-77 60 60 60 180
PRC-25
PRC-9° 60 60 60 180
PRC-611 15 15 15 45
PRC-7lJB 10 , 5 5 20 Appendix G

G-33

MORl DocID. 570388

• T7~
rIGURE G-5~ /'
RECOMrr.ENDED TEST EQUIPl:ENT LIST (
CCN ces cee Total
Oscilloscope (AN/USM-l~OA) 1 1 1 3
S1gnal Generator, RF
SG/URM-25D (AM) 1 1 1 3
AN/URM-lJ8 (FM) 1 1 1 3
Audio Generator, HP 200CD 1 1 1 3
Multimeter, TS-352 B/U 1 1 1 3
Vacumn Tube Volt Meter
I~E-26 1 1 1 3
[IlE-30/U (RF) 1 1 1 3
Frequency Counter, AN/USM-207 1 1 1 3
Tube Tester, TF-2/U 1 1 1 3
Transistor Test Set, TS-1836 B/U 1 1 1 3
Capacitor. Analyzer, Zf.I-73 A/U i 1 1 3
Wattmeter, AN-URM-120 1 1 1 3
Dummy Load, DA-75/U 1 1 1 3
Teletype Test Set, AN/UQM-l 1 1 1 3 Appendix G

G-3lJ

MORI DocID: 570388

FIGURE G_~

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Appendix G

MORl DoclD: 570388

FIGUREG-7/

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Appendix G

570388

I

MORl DoclD 570388

commun Lca t i one , Chief, NACSOG. in June 1969. submitted e.

rna terial requirement to CO~jUSIlACV for a secure, short-range tactical c ommund c at.Lons system c apau l e of operating in t.he

VHF range (30-72 MHZ). The overall height of the system

desired would not exceed 20 pounds including the security

device. radio and po~er supply. In submitting this request, it was noted that reconnaissance teams had been comprimised

in the past by the enemy monitoring unsecure tactical nets

and currently available equipment was not extensively utilized due to its excessive weight.-

2~Data on the primary tactical radio equipment used

by MACSOG field units in 1969 1s given belOW.

a. RS-l (AN/ORC-10g) provides reliable medium and

long-range communications over a wide range of climatic

conditions in a portable package.

(1) Power. 12 watts. (2) FreQUency Range. Transmit, 3-22 MHZ; receive, 3-24 MHZ. (3, Weignt. 80 pounds. (Includes transmitte~. receiver,

power supply, and hand crank ge~erator) 20

b. AN/PRC-7~ 1s a low-powered/transistorized. single

medium range 21

sideband radio for voice or CW communications.

(1)~' 15 watts.

(2) Freguency Range. 2-12 MHZ. (3) We1~t. 30 pounds.

c~ AN/PRC-25 and AN/PRC-77 are standard back pack tactical VHF PM radios. The basic difference 15 that the PRC-77 1s conf~gured to be used with the KY-38 speech

security device.

(1) Power. 2 watts.

(2) FreqUency Range. 30-75.95 MHZ. (3) Weight

1. PRC-25.

2. PRC-77.

23.5 pounds.

~2 pounds. (with KY-38)

~r, MACSOG Letter of 6 June 1969, SubJect. "ENSURE Request."

it W) Ch~ACSOG TOP SEpr!tT

:7

G_}R

Letter of b une 1969. Subject. "ENSURE Reouest."

~ "'-

Appendix 0

1

3 4.

5

6 7 B

9

10

-

11

12

15

16 17 18

22

23

24 25

~

27

28

29

30

31

MORl DoclD 570388

~

• d. AN!URC-IO is a portable raalO transceiver des~bned

..

g~ound-to-a1r co~~unicatlons. ana transQits UhF voice or a

tone beacDn slgnal on one pre-set UHF r~eq~e~cy.

(12) Power 200 m1111-watts

( ) FFeOITency Ran;e. 240-260 MHZ (3) Wei~ht. 27 ounces

Appendix G

G-39

G-39

1

3

4

5

6

7 8

9

10 11

12 13

!..! 15

16

17 18 19 20 21 22

~

24

25 2£ 27

28

29 ~ 31

MORl DocID' 570388

TAB I TO ,GPPEniJI.\ 0

CODE'DRDS, 11IC",,,'ES '-I'D CEL SIGIIS~

ALLEY CAT. Call sign of ABCCC at n1ght (DMZ, Laos, BARREL ROLL area)

ALASKA . . Thu Due

ARC LIGHT. B-52 Strike

ARIZONA. • Cambodia

BA.RRELL ROLL North~rest area of Laos

BLUE EAGLE • EC-121 flying PSYOP m1ssions out of

Danang/Salgon

BORDEN(C). Diversionary program in NV~

BRIGHA~1.. • Call sign for Gcr at Udorn AFB. Thailand

BRIGHT LIGHT. JPRC recovery mission

BROWN ANCHOR KC-135 refueling tracks {also RED, WHITE, BLUE, TAN and GREENO

CADO . . . Maritime intelligence, PSYOP and/or cross beach mission

CALIFORNIA RUssia

CANDLES. . Radio tapes

COLD TURKEY PSYOPS material (leaflets, gift kits, radios)

COMBAT SPEAR 15th Air Commando Squadron, C-130s

COMl',1ANDO HUNT

7th Air Fo~~~gram for enemy interdiction into LaOS~}

Call sign for TIGERHOUND Forward Air Controller (FAC)

COVEY •.

G-1I0

Tab 1 to Appendix G

..

/ ~

CP.!C:'E":,. • •

DIAI:mm EEt~

MORl DoclD 570388

C-123 C1' C-13:' ass~;::,,;:; ;;0 SC3

Call sign of ABCCC a~r1c; day (S~EEL TIGER/ BARRELL ROi:..L

Use of people sniffers

DUFFEL BtG . , • Employment of DCPG resources in Southeast Asia for purposes ct~e~ tnan to j~peae infiltration rr-om 1"+,-" to SVJl

DUTt.P TRUCK

DUST COVER

DUEL BLADE

EGGS ELDEST SON

ELPASO

FOOTBOY(C) FORAE(C) •

HAILSTONES

HAyiAI! • •

HEAVY HOOr.

HEAVY ~m\o,.

HILLSBORO.

HUMIDOR(C) .

7~

Air supportea antipersonnel sub-system of IGLOO 1'lHITE Pr-ogr-am

Modular transportable sensor data collection and proce5sin~ systeffi

Ground obstacle systen to impete infiltration 1n IGLOO WHITE Pro~ram

Gift kits , Cont~minated ammunition program~ COMUSMACV OPLAN for overt ground operations across Route 9 in Laos

SOG operations in NVlI .~

Project associa;;~~ the program in NVN ~u)

M-~A resupply containers

diversionary

• Camp Long Thanh

SOG C-123s

Two of the above C-123s on loan from the GRC

(C-130) an Airborne Co~and Control Center which directs both FAC (O-lE) and high performance aircraft Qur~ng Qa~~~~s.

PSYOPS Program under FOOT~U)

Tab 1 to

G-~l Appendix G

MORI DocID 570388

------------- - -- - - --

• Communist China ._~

• Air operations in support of FOOTa~~ Air supported antlvehlcular SUb-Syste~ the IGLOO WHITE Program

r:USTARD FLANK. • Call sign for VHF radio located in OP-32.

.!.c~ GUDES.

IG':.'JO I·/HITE.

I::nS~ENCE(S) •

INVERT •• IRON HAND. IVORY TRUNK.

JELLY BEANS.

j·lAINE

~~IDRlFF(C) •

r·iUD RIVER. •

I-iINT • •

l:El'; YORK

NICKLE STEEL

OODLES (C) •

PARADISE PARBOIL(C)

PARFAIT(C)

PEANUTS •••

Leaf'Let s

• nePG sponsored anti-~r.f~ltratlon program

• IIACSOG marltlme aperatlor.s .!.n coordlnation with [f,ARKET TII·ir: t o l::!'ever.'C in!,J_ltration by sea into SYN

Call slgn of GCl raca~ at NKF, Thallana Anti-SAM missions

• Use of elephants

Mail

SOG maritime interdiction mission

North Vietnam

SOG operations in the DrotZ ~ Project assocla;~~r~h the diversionary program in NYN ~~)

Call sign for GCr radar ~t Danang AFB. Cu Lao Cham Island ~

Maritime operations in support of FOOTBOY/~ (TSLD) 7'

. ~~SPL pseudo organization in NV.

• RadiOS

Tab 1 to Apoendix G

MORl DoclD: 570388

..

POLLACK(C)

Project a5~oc~at€d ~1~ program in NVh (TS

tne Qivers~onary into Laos~

PRAIfIE FIRE(C). Cros~-borcer operations

PROJECT ATHEIJS . COI'IUSr;ACV operation to cut Route 110 in Laos

PROJECT BUFFALO. COMUSI"ACV operation to cut Route 5~7 rn the

Ashau Valley

PROJECT JENNY •• Airborne (EC-121) propasanda broadcasts

ROLLING THUNDER .. Area in NVN North of Tally Ho area ~ SALEM HOUSE.. Cross-border operations into Cambodia (T ) SANITARIES(C) .• Project a8soCla~~~r~ the diversion ry

program in NVN ~_'

SOAP CHIPS . PSYOPS booklets

STEEL TIGER. • Panhandle area of Laos

TALLY HO . Area extending from southern border of DMZ to the southern border of Route Package One

TAR HEELS •• Incapacitating gas

TEAR DROPS • Commodities for the Ho Chi Minh Trail

THUNDER CLOUD. TIGER HOUND. •

PW snatch missions in Laos/Cambodia

TIf.lBERWORK ( C). .

[b](l1 (11)[3)

TOTEM POLE

Wire tap missions

TREAT •••

In-country black propaganda

TOP SECRET

Tab 1 to Appendix G

MORl DoclD: 570388

\IAT~RBOY

WILD viEASEL

YOUNG TIGERS

Call sign for the eeI raoar a Tong Ha, R\~

Aircraft emplcying electron~c aetection equipment used to detect and destroy SAM sites

SAC program for re-locating KC-135s to Taiwan in support of an ~ncreased 6-52 effort

Tab 1 to Appendix G

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