A job interview is a process in which a potential employee is evaluated by an employer for prospective employment in their company, organization, or firm

, and was established in the late16th century[citation needed].

1 Role 2 Preparation 3 Process 4 Types of Interview

o o o o

4.1 Behavioral interview 4.2 Stress interview 4.3 Technical Interview 4.4 Telephone Interviews

5 Controversies 6 Validity and Predictive Power 7 See also 8 External links

[edit]Role A job interview typically precedes the hiring decision, and is used to evaluate the candidate. The interview is usually preceded by the evaluation of submitted résumés from interested candidates, then selecting a small number of candidates for interviews. The job interview is considered one of the most useful tools for evaluating potential employees
needed] [citation needed]

. It also demands significant resources from the employer, yet

has been demonstrated to be notoriously unreliable in identifying the optimal person for the job .

Multiple rounds of job interviews may be used where there are many candidates or the job is particularly challenging or desirable. Earlier rounds may involve fewer staff from the employers and will typically be much shorter and less in-depth. A common initial interview form is the phone interview, a job interview conducted over the telephone. This is especially common when the candidates do not live near the employer and has the advantage of keeping costs low for both sides. Once all candidates have been interviewed, the employer typically selects the most desirable candidate and begins the negotiation of a job offer.

For instance. It is also wise to research the company before the interview. In many companies. For instance.[edit]Preparation It is very important to be well prepared for an interview. Most job interviews are formal. but they can also demonstrate the candidate's strong interest in them. andPsychometric testing. the applicant should practice answering difficult questions[citation needed]. While the meeting can be over in as little as 15 minutes. The bulk of the job interview will entail the interviewers asking the candidate questions about his or her job history. Assessment Days are increasingly being used. To avoid being nervous. the more formal and structured the interview will tend to be. this is an audition in which the emphasis is placed on the performance ability of the candidate. Therefore it is paramount to be able to discuss in detail every item listed on one's resume. A candidate should follow up the interview with a thank-you letter. and if possible to give examples when appropriate. work style and other factors relevant to the job. The thank you letter ensures that the candidate will stay fresh in the interviewer's mind. the larger the firm. job interviews usually last less than two hours. for performing artists. the potential supervisor of the employee is usually involved in the interview process. According to the University of Delaware's career center[citation needed]. although the candidate will also be assessing the corporate culture and demands of the job. These questions are strongly encouraged since they allow the interviewee to acquire more information about the job and the company. a common interview question is "What are your strengths and weaknesses?" The candidate will usually be given a chance to ask any questions at the end of the interview. Additionally. group activities. a common reason employers give for not hiring an applicant is the inability of the applicant to fully explain the contents of his or her résumé. presentation exercises. some professions have specific types of job interviews. Candidates generally dress slightly better than they would for work. Good sources of interview questions can be found by searching the Internet[citation needed] [edit]Process A typical job interview has a single candidate meeting with between one and three persons representing the employer. which may include analysis tasks. . The primary purpose of the job interview is to assess the candidate's suitability for the job. A larger interview panel will often have a specialized human resources worker. personality. expressing his or her appreciation for the opportunity to meet with the company representative. Candidates for lower paid and lower skilled positions tend to have much simpler job interviews than do candidates for more prestigious positions. with a suit (called an interview suit) being appropriate for a white-collar job interview. a lawyer's job interview will be much more demanding than that of a retail cashier. particularly for graduate positions.

will reflect to the employer who you are and what kind of employee you might be. ³ah´s. what it believes in and even who the company works with or competes against. Practice answering questions. While this may seem silly. Remember to make eye contact. and how they fit with the company¶s goals. use the formal address of Mr. When you first arrive. Be enthusiastic and use good grammar. This is an opportunity for you to ask intelligent questions and demonstrate what you know about the position and the company. ‡ Be polite. Dress well. Nerves and adrenaline make people inclined to rush or babble. and don¶t offer any negative information about yourself or criticize previous employers. All of these things indicate that you want to be there and that you are calm. unless invited to do otherwise. confident and professional. Remember that your hobbies. Sit straight and tall and look attentive and enthusiastic. and focus on the positive. organized and confident. You will be asked to answer questions about yourself: your skills. Some will. do your best to avoid too many ³um´s. and be able to talk about the skills you have that are listed in that description. to get an idea of what it does. the applicant. without leaving out any important information. of course.. Be sure to keep in mind the following basic things: ‡ Stand tall. You should also study the job description carefully. Be warm and conversational. Know what your personal and career goals are. much of a first impression is based on physical appearance. ‡ Make eye contact. studies have shown that interviewers form their overall impression of applicants within the first four minutes of the interview. Be able to discuss where or how you acquired these skills. or questions about your interests and hobbies. Don¶t fidget or exhibit other distracting nervous mannerisms. What to Expect All interviews have certain basic elements in common. as well as other skills that may apply to the position. past work experience. Ms. but don¶t ramble. Make sure you are well prepared and . but you will likely always be asked about past jobs. be specific to the job and company. Always focus on the positive. Regardless of a winning personality or stunning intelligence. Keep your answers brief and to the point. past projects. Practicing beforehand will help to combat this. do not sit until invited to do so. it will go a long way to preparing you for an interview. your life in general. The main portion of the interview is all about you. ‡ Shake hands firmly. applicable studies and training. Follow the old adage to ³dress for success´ and demonstrate by your attire and how you carry yourself that you are professional.Preparing for the Interview Know yourself. It can be a good idea to do some research on the company beforehand. Respond appropriately. this is your chance to make a great impression in person and get the job you want. your ability to work as part of a team and/or to be a leader. During the Interview The first few minutes are crucial. and how you might best put them to use for the company. Most interviews will consist of fairly similar questions. Remember. keep your answers succinct but thorough. ‡ Wait for invitation. the interviewer will likely try to put you at your ease with some small talk. This may include discussion of the weather or current events. ³you know´s and other such fillers. hobbies and interests.. etc. two things that should be avoided during an interview. The body of the interview will likely begin with the interviewer giving a detailed description of the job.

or ask questions in a demeaning or challenging style. sit up straight and show enthusiasm. The ostensible purpose of this interview: to find out how the candidate handles stress. In behavioral interviews. This type of interview is based on the notion that a job candidate's previous behaviors are the best indicators of future performance. Be confident and give it your best.practice answering questions before the interview. cost of re-hiring. severance pay. and how they reacted. For example."  "Give us an example of something particularly innovative that you have done that made a difference in the workplace. Questions about handling work overload. loss of productivity. may roll his eyes or sigh at the candidate's answers. Another type of stress interview may involve only a single interviewer who behaves in an uninterested or hostile manner. etc. dealing with multiple projects. turn his back.2 times the individual's salary). take phone calls during the interview. [edit]Types of Interview interview [edit]Behavioral A common type of job interview in the modern workplace is the behavioral interview or behavioral event interview. shake hands firmly. and handling conflict are typical. Stress interviews might involve testing an applicant's behavior in a busy environment. The goal is to assess how the interviewee handles pressure or to ." "Tell me about a time when you had to stick by a decision you had made. One type of stress interview is where the employer uses a succession of interviewers (one at a time or en masse) whose mission is to intimidate the candidate and keep him/her off-balance. What did you do?" "Describe the worst project you worked on. During the interview be sure to make eye contact." "Describe a time you had to work with someone you didn't like. [edit]Stress interview Stress interviews are still in common use. even though it made you very unpopular. (Gallup international places the cost of a bad hire as being 3. the interviewer asks candidates to recall specific instances where they were faced with a set of circumstances. the interviewer may not make eye contact. interrupt. training costs. What did you do?"     "Tell me about a time when you took the lead on a project. Typical behavioral interview questions:  "Tell me about a project you worked on where the requirements changed midstream."  "What happened the last time you were late with a project?" A bad hiring decision nowadays can be immensely expensive for an organization ± cost of the hire. impact on morale.

This technique was also used in research protocols studying Stress and Type A (coronary-prone) Behavior because it would evoke hostility and even changes in blood pressure and heart rate in study subjects. Sometimes these interviews will be on a computer module with multiple-choice questions..?"   Oddball question: "What would you change about the design of the hockey stick?" Doubting your veracity: "I don't feel like we're getting to the heart of the matter here. This is obviously highly stressful and is therefore useful as a predictor of how the candidate will perform under similar circumstances on the job. [edit]Telephone Interviews Telephone Interviews take place if a recruiter wishes to dwindle down the number of prospective candidates before deciding on a shortlist for face-to-face interviews. Selection processes in academic. it is easier to handle the questions with aplomb. The key to success for the candidate is to depersonalize the process.purposely evoke emotional responses. They also take place if a job applicant is a significant distance away from the premises of the hiring company such as abroad or in another state. what about this one . [edit]Technical Interview Further information: Microsoft Interview This kind of interview focuses on problem solving and creativity. deliberately and calculatedly trying to "rattle the cage. legal and teaching circles frequently involve presentations of this sort.." Once the candidate realizes that there is nothing personal behind the interviewer's approach. The interviewer is acting a role. The "Platform Test" method involves having the candidate make a presentation to both the selection panel and other candidates for the same job.. (shakes head) Okay." Candidates may also be asked to deliver a presentation as part of the selection process. training. if that's the best answer you can give . . Example stress interview questions:    Sticky situation: "If you caught a colleague cheating on his expenses. what would you do?" Putting you on the spot: "How do you feel this interview is going?" Popping the balloon: "(deep sigh) Well. airline. Start again tell me what really makes you tick.. The questions aim at your problemsolving skills and likely show your ability and creativity.

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