Introducing CO-PA with SAP

The Controlling Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) component is a subcomponent of the SAP Controlling (CO) module that integrates information coming from different platforms such as Sales and Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Financials (FI), CO, Production (PP), and others. Because high-level enterprise resource planning (ERP) technologies focus first on controlling how the money flows in the enterprise and later on how that information is going to be reported or shared, CO-PA interacts with both of these worlds CO-PA allows access to the Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) structures, or the core of SAP database tables, and it also allows the creation of structures that are later used by Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) applications to generate multidimensional, analytical, and reporting components based on OLTP data such as that delivered in SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence (BI) 7.0. SAP NetWeaver BI 7.0 can be stored inside the core tables of SAP and you can use CO-PA as the way to find data inside the SAP database. The beauty of CO-PA lies in the capability of performing somewhat sophisticated planning and reporting processes similar to those available in SAP NetWeaver BI 7.0,  CO-PA let you evaluate market segments classified according to products customers order and various combinations of these. Aim of this system is to provide your sales, marketing, product management and corporate planning with information to support internal and decision making.  This can be done in two ways 1. Cost base profitability analysis 2. Account based profitability analysis Cost Based: Main feature of cost based analysis is the user value fields which represents cost and revenue elements groups Account based: This type of analysis are cost and revenue elements here the analysis done by using accounts. Operating Concern: The main element in CO-PA is called operating concern, which can be understood as an InfoCube for those familiar with the SAP data warehouse applications, or simply as a small group of selected data objects that will be extracted from specific SAP Tables and that are part of what are called profitability segments. 1. Characteristics (Profitability Segments) 2. Value fields, such as revenue, sales deduction, costs, qualities (only for Costing-based analysis) 3. G/L account (Only for account based analysis) Combination Cost Based uses 1 and 2 Account Based uses 1 and 3 The SAP system uses two data models: account-based and costing-based. These two data storage or reporting models are the references for any data-sharing

applications in the SAP environment. and Project Management (PS). CO. such as sales. Characteristics describe the data stored in the system. MM. such as customer ID. As you are probably aware. and also limit the type and level of detail of the data reported. These characteristics can be used to limit the data extraction with the definition of profitability segments or market segments. or product ID. Below table provides a general overview of several specific modules. quantity. cost of goods sold. PP. and others. Value fields store data as currency. or amounts. objects inside an SAP system are either called characteristics or value fields. billing date. from modules such as FI. documents. .0 modules and their SAP tables. and information contained in some of the main SAP ERP ECC 6. SD. SAP R/3 or SAP ERP ECC 6.0 environment is the most important source of data displayed in CO-PA.

Financial Data Flow in SAP System SAP Operating Concern Templates . Cost Element Accounting (CO-CEL). Product Cost Controlling (CO-PC). Cost Center Accounting (CO-CCA).CO-PA is also important within the CO module as a tool for internal reporting and interaction with other CO components. such as Profit Center Accounting (CO-PCA). and others. Overhead Cost Controlling CO-OM).

    Model Bank E_B1 Airline Route Profitability S_AL Template Consumer Goods Ind S_CP Quickstart Template S_GO Steps Using Template Method (Structure) Execute KETE or navigate as shown below IMG Activity: Controlling _ Profitability Analysis _ Structures _ Define Operating Concern _ Sample Operating Concern _ Use SAP Operating Concern Template. These templates have predefined operating concerns. which are complete structures that you must generate. In the following screen double click on highlighted For example double click on shown below path .SAP-delivered business content exists for CO-PA in the form of different templates that can be activated and populated with data to assist your implementation. and populate with testing data to use them as part of a reference for your implementation. There are four SAP-delivered templates in the system. activate.

In the following screen enter Fiscal Year and select concern option and click on continue The Result The Manual or Customizing Method Double click as show below two figures or execute KEA0 In the following screen enter Operating Concern name and in the following dialog click on Yes and accept the next dialog box Assign description select PA. save and click on Create button .

In the following screen select respective char The value fields Check and Activate move back and accept the dialog Click on Attribute tab select currency and Fiscal year variant (as per your requirement) .

Click on Save button and accept the dialog The Result Creating Data Source Execute KEB0 in the following screen as name (suffix fallow the standard naming convention for better control) Select Operating concern and select create and click on execute .

In the following screen assign description and check or un-check the required fields Click on check and info catalog Assign the package name (for transportation) click on local object .

In fallowing select required fields Click on save and Result Replicating Datasource in BI Execute RSA13 or RSA1 and Right click on respective component (Controlling – Profitability Analysis) and click on Replicate Metadata .

Continue as shown below The Result .

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