cc-CBSE QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS
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CHAPTER 1 - CLASS VIII CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
1. What is a crop? Give examples. Ans. Large scale cultivation of plants of same kind at one place is called a crop. e.g. rice, wheat, maize etc. 2. Differentiate between Rabi and kharif crop. Ans. Rabi Crop Kharif Crop 1. Grown in winter season. 1. Grown in rainy season 2. Seeds are sown in October and harvested 2. Seeds are sown in June and harvested in in march. September. 3. e.g. pea, mustard, wheat, gram etc. 3. e.g. paddy, maize, groundnut etc. 3. Ans. 4. Ans. 5. Ans. Write the factors due to which crop types varies from place to place. Temperature, rainfall, humidity , soil types. What do you meant by agricultural practices? The basic activities done by farmers in the crop field to raise a particular crop is called agricultural practices. Write seven agricultural practices done by the farmer to raise a particular crop. Preparation of soil Sowing Adding manure and fertiliser Irrigation Protection from weeds and pests Harvesting Storage Give importance of loosening the soil. Roots penetrate deep into the soil and breathe easily Water holding capacity of soil increases Helps in the growth of microbes and earthworm which help in turning the soil and add humus in soil The nutrient rich soil comes up and nutrients absorbed by plants Proper mixing of manure in the soil Why does loosened soil allow the roots to breathe easily?
8. How is manure prepared? Manure is obtained from the decomposition of plant or animal wastes. Ans. The seeds which float on water are damaged one. Define manuring.cc-CBSE QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS
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Loosened soil has enough air pores in which air is trapped.googlegroups. Give the adverse effect of growing crops after crops in the same field. Manure Fertilizer 1. what for is it done? The process of adding manure and fertiliser to the soil is called manuring. They are hollow and are thus lighter. Less yield. See the diagram of 1.. A beaker is taken filled half of it with water. 17.
. Why should appropriate distance between seeds to be maintained while sowing? Avoid overcrowding of plants. The healthier being heavier sink and are separated. Distinguish between fertiliser and manure.cbse123. Ans. free from diseases greater germinability 11.(i) Sows seeds uniformly at proper distances and depths. Plant and animal wastes are dumped in pits at open places and allow it to decompose by microbes.Obtained by the decomposition of plant and 1.1a and 1. 16. 13.
Ans. nutrients and water. Poor plants growth. Write one method to separate healthy seeds from damaged one. Ans.(i) to remove weeds (ii) loosening soil Uses of Plough.(i) tilling the soil (ii) adding fertilisers to crop (iii) removing weeds (iv) scrapping of soil Uses of Cultivator.
http://3381826344527964914-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites. 14. plough and cultivator. A handful of seeds put in it and stirred well. Ans. Ans. Plants get sufficient sunlight. 9. Draw neat and labelled diagram of plough and hoe. What are the advantages of using (i) cultivator (ii) seed drill? Cultivator. 15.1b of text book.for ploughing 10. (iii) Saves time and labour.co.saves time and labour. Seed drill. Ans. That is why roots breathe easily. Ans. Ans.com/site/shi. What are the qualities of good seeds? should be healthy and clean Ans.Obtained from inorganic salt. Loss of nutrients from the crop field. Uses of Hoe. 12. Ans. Give uses of hoe. (ii) Seeds get covered by soil after sowing and are not wasted.. It replenishes the soil with nutrients. The decomposition product is manure.
Why organic manure is considered better than fertiliser? Enhances water holding capacity of soil. chain pump. What are the adverse effects of excessive use of fertilisers? soil becomes less fertile Ans. It is due to increased rate of water loss from soil and plants.googlegroups.. Why should crop fields watered regularly? Water is absorbed by the plant roots Ans.Prepared in fields 2. Explain crop rotation.. 25. rivers. dhekli.com/site/shi.and rahat. 20.Does not provide humus 4. Why does time and frequency of irrigation vary from crop to crop? Water requirement varies from crop to crop. Ans.Prepared in factories 3.Rich in plant nutrient 4. dams. Ans.cbse123. Name some sources of irrigation. 24. The time and frequency of irrigation varies from crop to crop. Improves texture of soil. 23. 21. pollute water 19. Ans. Ans.Less rich in plant nutrient 18. Minerals and fertilisers are also absorbed For seed germination Nutrients are dissolved in water and get transported to various plant parts. wells. canals etc. Ans. Give example two modern methods of irrigation. Growing various types of crops one after another in a field is called crop rotation. What for frequency of irrigation is higher in summer? Ans. Sprinkler and drip system.
http://3381826344527964914-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites. Ans. The supply of water to crops at different intervals is called irrigation. Moat. Varies from soil to soil. Varies from season to season. These methods are cheaper. Ans. Increases number of friendly microbes. what for this method is followed by farmers? Ans. The selection of crops mainly a leguminous crop alternates with a nonleguminous one. Rhizobium bacteria 22.co.. Name the bacteria that fix nitrogen in soil.Provides humus to soil 3. 28. It helps replenishment of the soil with nitrogen. Define irrigation.cc-CBSE QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS
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animal waste 2.
. 27. 26. Makes soil porous due to which exchange of gases become easy. Give example of two traditional method of irrigation and advantages of this method.
mouth and nose.separation of grains from chaff is called threshing. Ans.
. Used in water scarcity areas . What for drip system of irrigation is done? Ans. Defining weeding. Harvesting-cutting of crop plans after maturation is called harvesting. The seeds cannot mix with grains. why?
http://3381826344527964914-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites. cutting the crop plants close to the ground or pulling the crop plants. Ans. Threshing.4-D. Name the devices used for harvesting and threshing. Why should weeding be done before flowering? The weeds cannot produce seeds to multiply their number.4-D 36. water. Useful for sandy soil. threshing and winnowing. 35. The weed seeds mix with grains.cc-CBSE QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS
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29. plough etc. 40. Ans. harvester. Ans.cbse123. After spraying the body should be cleaned properly. What precautions the farmers should follow while using weedicide or pesticides? Body should be covered properly specially eyes. winnowing. Threshing. What for sprinkler system of irrigation is done? Used for uneven land where there is water scarcity. 30.. Ans. 38. 33. combine.co. Give example of one weedicide.sickle. 31. Harvesting. Ans. sunlight and space. What are weeds? Ans.googlegroups. Seeds or grains should be dried properly before storing. Hamper growth of crop plants. The process of removal of weeds.. every drop of water to be used by plants without loss. Khurpi. Name two implements used for weeding.separation of grains from chaff by the help of wind is called winnowing. Ans.using khurpi or sickle etc. sickle. They are the unwanted plants grown in crop fields. 39. Ans.combine. What for weeding should be done? The weeds compete with crop plants for nutrients. What are the various ways of weeding? Manually. Loss of water is minimum. Sometimes the weeds are harmful and poisonous. Define harvesting. Ans. 37. It is done by Ans. By spraying weedicide such as 2. 2. 34. 32. 41. Less production.com/site/shi.
Bihu. 44.silos. Large scale rearing of domestic animals providing proper food. Baisakhi.cc-CBSE QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS
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http://3381826344527964914-a-1802744773732722657-s-sites. Large scale. Ans.. Holi.jute bags. Your article will be published along with your name in due course of time. 42. questions. 43.. Ans.cbse123. Ans. good conceptual article please send it to shivraj_iter@yahoo. Small scale. Define animal husbandry. Name some storage devices. Diwali DONATE: If you have sample papers.co. so that insects and microbes cannot infect easily. granaries.com/site/shi.googlegroups.com. metallic cans. shelter and care is called animal husbandry. Grains are dried properly to reduce the moisture content. Name some harvest festivals. Nabanna.