FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A VIRTUAL LIBRARY BY INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Prepared with Funds from Japan Funds in Trust with UNESCO

Publisher

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

ISBN 978 – 062 – 798 - 7

August/ September 2003
Designed & printed by: Consultancy Support Services Ltd., Abuja, Nigeria. consultss@yahoo.co.uk

Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Prepared with Funds from Japan Funds in Trust with UNESCO

Implementation Strategies and Budget Recommendations Given the limited funding available to academic libraries in Nigeria. Accordingly. technically feasible. by means of a Virtual Library that augments the existing library system. the poor availability and obsolescence of books. to expand access to education and current learning materials without most of the required funds disappearing into physical expansion of libraries and related structures. with support from the Government of Japan’s Fundin-Trust. Human Resources Management. Administration and Management. Funding and Sustainability. related to Content. most Higher Education Institutions have long exceeded their carrying capacities while demand for higher education continues to increase. It is in light of this that this report Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page iv . In conducting this Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment for Higher Education Institutions. His Excellency. The report considered various issues. it is obvious that scholars and students can only access a small portion of the information available in their disciplines. cost-effective. has consulted and interacted intensively with a wide spectrum of stakeholder institutions and experts. appropriate information in their fields of interest. In any event. a judicious balance must be made to ensure that users of academic libraries in Nigeria have access to relevant. contexts and relevant options. The challenge for Nigeria is therefore.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Executive Summary Overview The Government of Nigeria has continued to considerably improve the funding of over 500 Higher Education Institutions. Chief Olusegun Obasanjo. future-proofed and sustainable plan that sets out a road map to efficiently deliver local and international content to all Nigerian Higher Education Institutions. At the instance of the President. with the escalating costs of information materials and dwindling allocation of funds to academic institutions. research and development. Thus. staff and students. Infrastructure and Delivery Methods. journals and other learning materials has continued to impair the ability of Higher Education Institutions to adequately achieve their purpose of teaching. but little is left for the improvement of institutional services and operations after payment of staff salaries and allowances. Copyright and Payment issues. research and community service for their expanding population of students. UNESCO. in the context of their peculiar environments. Legal. UNESCO has facilitated the development of an actionable. centres and agencies of higher learning.

The report puts forward actionable plans for a Virtual Library that would be owned by Nigerian Higher Education Institutions. The Federal Government is to provide the start-up funds which should be supplemented and supported by donor agencies. The development of indigenous content. President. and in line with the vision and objectives set forth by Mr.” 4 The implementation plan has built in mechanisms for transparency and accountability for all activities through the regular publishing and dissemination of annual reports and audited accounts of the nodes and the consortium. His Excellency. and collective memory/ history which will otherwise be subsumed by the more dominant languages or cultures of the world. Chief Olusegun Obasanjo when he stated in his letter to UNESCO requesting that this feasibility study be undertaken that “it has become necessary. Node 2 The Virtual Library is to have a distributed management structure with a coordinating body. The Virtual Library should be a cornerstone of Government strategy to rejuvenate Nigeria’s educational system and the realization of many national. 5 . civil society and the private sector. This activity is envisaged to be crucial to the survival of our heritage. These reports will be rendered public. dialects. each according to its reality. regional and international development goals including: A B C D E F Education For All (EFA) Information For All Program (IFAP) National Action Plan for Information for All Node Centre VLC Node 3 Node New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Raison d'être spelt out by the President. value systems. 1 The Virtual Library is expected to have two aspects: A B The subscription to full text databases in all major fields of study relevant to Higher Education institutions. cultures. called the Virtual Library Consortium.. to bridge the digital divide. in addition to the Virtual Library Consortium annual general meeting. languages.. and the participating institutions which will implement the Virtual Library as self accounting nodes.recommends that there is a compelling need for the development of a Virtual Library for Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria.

access to a variety of national and international content including curricula. and new services and online information sources. 2 Level 6 20 20.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6 Even. appropriate development and relevant to. 2 3 4 By enriching the Higher Education Institutions.950 The projected institutional and 2. user populations Nigeria requires to reempower its Higher Education Institutions to build capacity.000 of authoritarian. charges and public/ private partnerships. services traditionally offered by libraries.000 420. journals. and thereby providing a more solid base for education. learning. Virtual Libraries thus combine on-site collections of materials in electronic format with an electronic network which ensures access to and delivery of those materials.000 1.000 450. 5 Level 3 200 5. research and and agencies be useful. learning materials. the Virtual Library will improve the quality of their teaching. it is still possible to initiate development of a Virtual Library with the existing facilities. books.500 centralized governance 7 Level 1 59 50 2.340. Significant complementary income is expected from fees. teaching and research.000 4 Level 4 50 9. magazines and newspapers. learning and research and thereby the quality of all other levels of education. though some information and communication technology infrastructure may be lacking. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page vi . 7 Justifications The purpose of a Virtual Library is to enhance the quality of life by providing access to.000 400.465 and administration. on-line or CD-ROM-based.000 arbitrary and over6 Level 2 135 500 67. and S/n Description # in Average User Total User category population population sustainable by Higher 1 VLC Office 1 15 15 Education Institutions. innovate and cultivate a sense of ownership for problems and solutions that affect their fundamental functions and operations.000 emerging from decades 3 Level 5 35 12. and improving the quality of. Higher Education Institutions.000. centres For the Virtual Library to Government owned of higher learning. 1 A Virtual Library provides remote.

00. values and capabilities while preserving our heritage and collective memory. International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publication in the UK as well as the World Health Organisation have donated free access to electronic content via cost effective delivery systems. For example.000 7 8 9 10 NOTE o 350 International Journals titles at an average of one edition per month translates into 4.000 135.677.5 Sufficient indigenous materials exist to warrant a special program to make such content available on the Virtual Library. at the same moment that students and staff of Harvard University have access to. for a block fee of only US$13.200 editions per annum. the Academic Press in Europe will allow access to over 350 academic journal titles for a full year to every Nigerian Student and Staff. It is a case of “survival of the fittest” through adaptation to the use of modern tools to preserve and promote our diverse languages. research and development S/n Description # in Average User Total User category population population 1 2 3 4 6 By making public records and information available. . Very Large 10 5.000 50. or US$13. We look forward to UNESCO facilitating arrangements for Nigerian Virtual Library users to access large information repositories such as the Harvard University on-line library when it completes the digitisation of the 10 million books contained in that Library. centres and agencies of higher learning.000 10. and costs N1.000. provides free access to the EBSCO (Elton B. which we are yet unable to fully capitalise on.000 25. Stephens Company) database which provides access to several tens of thousands of full text journals. and continue to make efforts to assist developing countries like Nigeria. The Virtual Library provides Nigerian users access to the same materials at the same time as their counterparts anywhere in the world. The Virtual Library can be used as a vehicle to project our culture. good governance. culture and heritage. the SOROS Foundation USA. International Publishers and donor agencies have continued to offer subsidies and free donations of vast quantities of content which most Nigerian students and staff are unfortunately not able to access or utilise.00 at an exchange rate of N129 to the US$1.000. This implies that Nigerian users may soon have access to the same materials. the Virtual Library will preserve and enhance the democratic process. magazines and other source titles.00. accountability and transparency. For example.000 Medium 100 500 Small 200 50 The projected institutional and user populations 50. The International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Italy.000. Publishers have tried.000 Large 25 1. Private Sector owned Higher Education Institutions.

it would cost N4.927. Each edition costs an average N100. Therefore.014.35 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page viii . bearing in mind the cost savings envisaged and the multiplier effect to the Nation. Total Capital Costs in Naira Total Recurrent Costs in Naira N16.368.000.00 Total Capital Costs in US$ $125. START-UP COSTS PER USER IN NAIRA Start up Costs per User in US$ PROJECTED ANNUAL INCOME IN NAIRA RECURRENT FUNDING SURPLUS N9.63 N7.000 print editions which would be shared by the 1.000. Each print edition would be shared by 100 users.00.000. However this surplus will not be sufficient to completely replace fully depreciated and possibly obsolete technology at the end of five years.750.622.00 to US$1.127.793.95 $72.68 The implication of the above is that once started the Virtual Library will pay for its ongoing operational activities and should have a surplus which will be used to facilitate organic growth and expansion. existing circumstances.898. This scenario is acceptable for an Educational initiative of this kind.00 (over Four Billion Naira) to provide 10. rather than on failed traditional phasing criteria.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY o If we assume that:     There are conservatively 1. We suggest that the phasing strategy be based on the premise that every user should move up one step from their present baseline.479.87 Phasing details will be worked out during the first stages of implementation and will be based on the available funding.500 times less than the print edition.32 TOTAL COST OF IMPLIMENTATION IN NAIRA N21. The comparative cost of the electronic edition is 2.474. institution population size.887.253. such as the designation of centres of excellence.  Financial Implications The following notional estimates have been made.992.000 students and staff nationwide who are eligible to access these editions.000 users at their personal convenience.319.153.200. and would instantly be available to 1.000.000 users.083.000.00 N1.55 N5. Using an Exchange rate of N129.558.674. political or other criteria that lend themselves to abuse.

Total Recurrent Costs in US$ $43,988,171.53 Total Cost of Implimentation in US$ $169,981,069.88 Projected Annual Income in US$: $55,455,765.50 Recurrent Funding Surplus $11,467,593.97

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Editorial Team
Ah Ajijola Special Assistant (SA) – Information Communications Technology ICT – Office of the National Security Adviser (NSA), The Presidency, Abuja Director, Reference and Users Services, Department National Library of Nigeria (NLN), Abuja Chairman, Nigeria Universities Network (NUNet), National Universities Commission (NUC), Abuja

L N Ikpaahindi I M Aminu

UNESCO Support
D Najman H d’Orville H J Charles F W Russell J Z Umar N V Atuanya Chairman, UNESCO Task Force on Nigeria, UNESCO Paris Director, Bureau UNESCO Paris of Strategic Planning (BSP)

Director and Country Representative, Nigeria and ECOWAS, UNESCO Office Abuja Information Manager/ Programme Specialist, UNESCO/BSP Paris Planning

National Professional Officer, UNESCO Office Abuja Communication Information and Infomatics Desk Officer, NATCOM-UNESCO, Abuja

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August/ September 2003

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Top Level Correspondence Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page xii .

I have noted with satisfaction your positive appraisal of the work of the Task Force on UNESCO-Nigeria Cooperation. Mr Olusegun Obasanjo President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Abuja Nigeria . It would be a privilege to conduct. Koïchiro Matsuura H. Thank you for: your letter of 1 December 2000. Your Excellency. I have taken note of your strong personal interest in the setting up of a virtual library for higher education in your country. I am confident that our cooperation in these vital areas will go from strength to strength. This is a most relevant proposal and one that fits in well with UNESCO's work on bridging the digital divide and strengthening knowledge-sharing. Now that the relevant plans of operation have been signed by both parties (signed copies enclosed herewith). The summary of your proposal provides an excellent basis for a more in-depth study which UNESCO is ready to support. I have asked our Communication and Information Sector and the Bureau of Strategic Planning jointly to follow the matter up with the greatest possible dispatch. I appreciate your kind words and want to take this opportunity to reiterate my personal commitment and that of UNESCO to supporting your policies of educational reform. a feasibility study. in collaboration with the concerned Nigerian institutions and experts in this specialized field. Please accept.The Director-General DG/10/01/048 Your Excellency. I can assure you that the Organization will continue giving full technical and financial support to the Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme. and develop a work programme for its implementation. the assurances of my highest consideration and respect.E. the Education Sector Analysis (ESA) and Technical and Vocational Education (TVE).

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page xiv .

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........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Operational Considerations................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 .................................................................. 59 Level 4 Capital Costs................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 51 Cash Flow over 5 Years.................... 71 Level 1 Recurrent Costs.......................................................... 75 Management Arrangements.......... 48 Income and Expenditure Analysis................................................................................................................................... 53 Capital Budget Details.................................... 54 Start-up Activities & Mobilisation of Stakeholders....................................... 69 Level 6 Recurrent Costs................................. 86 Conclusion................................................................................... 102 Workshop Participants............. 47 Budget Summary – Capital Costs.................................................................... 82 Technical Issues and Details......................................................................... 71 Level 2 Recurrent Costs................................................................................................................................... 70 Level 4 Recurrent Costs.......................... 101 Presenters of Papers....................................................... 48 Budget Summary – Income..... 47 Budget Summary – Start-up Costs per User.......................... 90 General Conclusion........................ 70 Level 5 Recurrent Costs......................................................... 52 Budget Assumptions...................... 48 Budget Summary – Income Sources..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Level 6 Capital Costs......................................................................................................................................................... iv Techhnical Issues and Details............................................................................................................................................................... 70 Level 3 Recurrent Costs............................................................ 68 Content Subscriptions..................Table of Contents Overview........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Budget Summary – Recurrent Costs.................. 82 Management Arrangements....... 54 VLC Office Capital Costs........................................................ 78 Conclusion..................... 78 Action Plan......................................................................................... 95 Glossary of Terms....... 67 Recurrent Budget Details..................................................................... 75 Technical Issues and Details............................................. 57 Level 5 Capital Costs......... 61 Level 3 Capital Costs......................... 65 Level 1 Capital Costs.............................................................................. 94 Acknowledgement........................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Budget Summary – Total Costs....................................................................... 71 Aims and Objectives..................................................................................... 79 Aims and Objectives............................................................... 63 Level 2 Capital Costs...................................................................................................... 68 VLC Office Recurrent Costs.......................... 86 Action Plan...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Financial Contributors...................................................................................................

............................................................. 135 Schools of Nursing................... 140 Teaching Hospitals....................................................................................................................................................................... 132 List of Colleges of Education. 133 State Colleges of Education...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 List of Higher Education Institutions Visited........................................................................................................ 147 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page xvii .......... 130 State Polytechnics....................................... 131 Private Polytechnics..............Project Assistants................................................................................................................................................... 127 Federal Universities.......................................................................................................................... 146 Other potential Virtual Library User Institutions........................................................................... 127 State Universities.......................................................................... 133 Federal Colleges of Education........................................... 135 Schools of Midwifery..................................................................................................................................... 145 State Libraries and their Branches............................................................................................ 142 Public Libraries........................ 140 Armed Forces and other Security Agencies Training School............. 140 Other Institutions......................................................................................... 134 List of Mono-technics........................................................................................... 138 Schools of Health Technology......................................................... 142 Other Training Institutions...................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Private Colleges of Education............. 128 Private Universities....... 130 Federal Polytechnics.................................................. 145 National Library and its Branches....................................................................................................................... 136 Colleges of Agriculture and Cooperative........ 128 List of Polytechnics................................................................... 125 List of Universities.................................................................................... 140 Nigerian Law Schools.........................................................................................................................................

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INTRODUCTION .

Given the limited funding available to academic libraries in Nigeria. when the University College Library (now Kenneth Dike Library. However. A way to achieving this is the provision of remote access to collections regardless of the location of the information source. the situation changed for the worse in the 1980s when the Federal Government of Nigeria adopted the World Bank Structural Adjustment Programme. The Petroleum Special Trust Fund National Education Materials Procurement Programme and the Education Tax Fund. The library is regarded as the heart of the intellectual system of the institution. Thus. that other Higher Education Institutes’ libraries established in Nigeria after 1948 ensured that this precedence is maintained in their respective institutions. with the escalating costs of information materials and dwindling allocation of funds to academic institutions a judicious balance must be made to ensure that users of academic libraries in Nigeria have access to relevant. not surprising. Thus. at the end of this document. which are in the areas of learning. appropriate information in their fields of interest. hence the need for a National Virtual Library. it is obvious that scholars and students can only access a small portion of the information available in their disciplines. which affected university funding adversely. retrieval is instantaneous. such as. the quality of the institution is measured by the services provided by the library because of its unique position in the over-all system. teaching. Since information is electronically available. with the over 600 potential Virtual Library User Institutions. The situation deteriorated to such a level that the Federal Government of Nigeria decided to make some interventions. research and service. This is because a lot of the materials purchased by libraries have a substantial foreign exchange component while the structural adjustment programme adopted by the government resulted in the massive devaluation of the national currency. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 2 . University libraries were the first casualties. To a large extent. Libraries have been recognized as the intellectual heart of a Higher Education Institute.INTRODUCTION Background The main purpose of an academic library is to support the institution’s objectives. University of Ibadan) was established. This can only be possible if libraries lay more emphasis on access rather than ownership. It is therefore. Since 1948. there are over Five hundred Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria. The World Bank Federal Universities Development Sector Adjustment Credit. There is also the added advantage of speed of service. funds allocated to Higher Education Institutions could no longer meet the requirements of the libraries. some of which are listed. Today.

UNESCO Bureau for Strategic Planning (BSP). The aim of the Feasibility Study is to provide a workable. Hans d’Orville. value systems. to provide a more solid basis for education and to enhance quality of life by drawing on digitally available (preferably on-line) books.Objectives of the Study The purpose of a Virtual Library is to underpin learning and acquisition of knowledge. materials and journals via ICT-based tools. cultures. who generates it. curricula. The Feasibility Study was launched in Nigeria in November 2002 with the mission from Paris which recruited a National Professional Officer to coordinate the project under the overall supervision of Dr. why and with what audience and purpose in mind. journals.g. A Virtual Library provides remote (on-line or CD-ROM-based) access to a variety of national and international content (e. languages. It must. dialects. Several missions to Higher Education Institutions around the country were undertaken to liaise with stake holders and ascertain the state of the art in . however. Higher Education Institutions and Information Resources as well as a Project Assistant were contracted to execute the project. in the long run. learning materials. This is because. newspapers). His Excellency. The development of indigenous content which is crucial to the survival of our heritage. Paris. be remembered that this is a one way traffic that provides access to databases and to information mainly available in Europe and America. The work plan was drawn and three experts in the fields of Information and Communications Technology. Chief Olusegun Obasanjo “…. magazines. the Director. self sustaining plan of action for the development and implementation of a Virtual Library for Nigeria and later the West Africa sub-region.to bridge the digital divide”. The Virtual Library is expected to have two aspects: 1 2 Subscription to full text databases in all fields of study relevant to higher education institutions. books. The Feasibility Study for Virtual Library for institutions of higher Education in Nigeria project is at the instance of the President. Virtual Libraries thus combine on-site collections of materials in electronic format with an electronic network which ensures access to and delivery of those materials. services traditionally offered by libraries and other information sources. the issues in information technology may have less to do with the way information is communicated than with content: What is the message. and collective memory/ history. Deliberate action must be instituted towards building our national information infrastructure and creating databases so that we can also be producers and exporters and thus active participants in the creation and formulation of content.

acquisition. organization and delivery of local and international digital content. quality. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 4 . functions and operations of all Nigerian libraries and higher education communities in the creation. convenience and relevance of Nigerian tertiary education and research by supporting and updating the vital services. The project came to an end in November with the printing and presentation of the report to the President and distribution to the stakeholders. was held in August 2003 at the National Teachers Institute. A national workshop. where stakeholders produced a draft Feasibility Study for Virtual Library. preservation.INTRODUCTION ICT infrastructure and connectivity as well as the availability of human capacity. Mission Statement To improve the standards. Kaduna.

CHAPTER 1 CONTENT .

D Authenticity I II Digitised content should endeavour to be a true reflection of the original material or as allowed by the copyright owner. copyright becomes an important issue for all formats. Identify issues that impact on the digitisation of content. The integrity of the digitised material should be maintained free from manipulation and corruption through Authentication and Encryption systems. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 6 . II C Standards I It is imperative that the Virtual Library content complies with internationally set metadata standards. Those shouldered with the responsibility for the selection of content for Virtual Library must be conscious of the issue of piracy. Copyright and Payment issues. Identify the full text databases that may be required by Higher Education institutions. Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list A Culture and Language I II The preservation of culturally significant information in digital form as a part of the national and world heritage. as addressed in Chapter 4: Legal. Estimate the cost of access and subscriptions to the full text databases. III B Copyright I In the procurement of content.Chapter 1 CONTENT Aims and Objectives 1 2 3 4 Identify sources and producers of local content and priorities for digitisation. Language for access is an issue that can be addressed such that nodal web sites can be displayed in various local languages at the behest of the user. Language of content as an issue can be addressed by the use of automated translation engines by national and institutional policies.

IV Lessons to be learnt from the Vidyanidhi experience include:  e-Theses are the quickest source of creating local content which will evolve into a National Repository to be accessed by all. The process of evolving e-Theses will serve as a test bed for developing the actual Virtual Library. II III G The Indian Experience I The Vidyanidhi Digital Library in India started.   . Development of an Indian Theses Database. F Awareness and Training I The acceptability of the Virtual Library is in part dependent on the level of awareness of the institutions. The consortium of HEIs is an excellent method of getting stakeholders to buy into and take ownership of the processes. in line with Chapter 4: Legal. Its visions are:   To evolve as a National Repository and a collaborative consortium of participating Universities and institutions. personnel and end users. The Training of personnel and end users are critical to the success and sustainability of the Virtual Library project. India. The acquisition of new skills by Librarians and other end users are necessary. Urs. It began in the Year 2000 as a pilot project whose goal was to demonstrate the feasibility of e-Theses in the India context. at the University of Mysore. submitting. II In 2003. The pilot scheme accomplished the following:    III Development of a pilot collection of e-Theses. Copyright and Payment issues.E Payment of royalties and usage I Intellectual property should be protected through billing and royalty tracking. archiving and accessing e-Theses. Development of a conceptual model and architecture. Shalini R. Vidyanidhi moved from a pilot phase to a Programme phase. To develop an Online Resource and a technical mechanism for creating. by Prof.

therefore most materials are produced in English. Special sources include the National Library of Nigeria (NLN). Nigeria on its part has mainly English as Lingua franca. speeches. gazettes. However in developing local content. Court Judgments. raffia. special collections. workshop papers and free publications from UNESCO. and brass work. 407 are living languages and 18 are constitutionally recognized. hanzards. historical buildings and sites Cultural shows. National Film Corporation (NFC) National Council for Arts and Culture (NCAC). archives. Local content should include: I Research output from Higher Education and research institutions such as theses/ dissertations. seminar papers. calabash carving. National Population Commission (NPC). the use of local languages and the issues of interoperability must be addressed. conference materials. Should include: I II Artefacts and antiquities Audio visual materials such as:  Photographs. materials. leather. the Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC). textiles. Publishers and so on. Government publications such as the Constitution of the Federal Republic. metal. National Human Resource Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 8 .Chapter 1 CONTENT V The issue of language interoperability is critical in the Vidyanidhi Programme. National Gallery for Art (NGA) National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMM). sculptures. catalogues and directories and Maps. II III B Non-print.  III Electronic content including Institutional Data-bases like the Federal Office of Statistics. VI 2 Evaluation of Options: A Print. as India is said to be home to 418 languages. Cultural sites and monuments. reports of commissions. National Archives of Nigeria (NAN). jewelleries. Theses are written in different languages and the programme faces the challenge of language interoperability. budgets. national newspapers and magazines. Recordings of oral history and folklores. World Bank and other multilateral agencies. since Nigeria is a multi lingual society. craft work such as pottery. annual reports. journals. cuisine. law reports of the federation.

arts and humanities index. are books that can be downloaded and read using an electronic device such as a PC. optical character (OCR). or specialized handheld reader.        II E Planning Selection Production Storage Retrieval and display Testing and refining Publishing/ release of collection Data processing: Text may require conversion of diacritics images may need enhanced. World Bank. Chemical abstracts. Storage: hard disk space. Social science citation index. images & D Data Capture: Manual data entry. magnetic tape. National Population Commission. NNPC. amplification or compression Documents: paragraphs. C The e-Book. Digitisation Process I The process of digitisation enumerated in the following diagram. Each of the processes listed in the diagram requires specialised equipment. CD-ROM Standards and Quality Control I METADATA: Metadata formats should conform to national and international standards to facilitate sharing of electronic resources. audio files Text.Database. or electronic books. e-Books. laptop. Metadata is information about the content such as:      Title of the item Author/ Artist Subject Description Publisher Retrieval/ Display . EIFL. Other relevant public domain and commercial foreign data-bases including the EBSCO data-base. Medline. INEC. Specialized portable devices for reading e-Books and software based e-books are commercially available. Agricola. OCLC. Department of National Civic Registration and various government departments and Higher Education institutions. imaging stored graphic files. UNESCO data-base and other United Nation data-bases. CBN. BPE. while Adobe Acrobat e-Book Reader and Microsoft Reader are examples of free e-Book readers.

backup and sharing. 3 Recommendations: A B Institutions must identify and prioritise their needs for content to be developed or acquired. Initiate process of acquisition and development. This is to reduce duplication and save costs. training should be outsourced. Constitution of a selection policy committee. Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes. Schedules of pending digitisation should electronically shared and a Consortium union catalogue should be established. as appropriate. will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E 2 Creation of awareness among the stakeholders. Articulation of selection policy. Acquisition and digitization of materials.Chapter 1 CONTENT      II Unique Identifier Date Format Source Other descriptive elements QUALITY CONTROL: Quality Control is vital to the digitisation process and the necessary mechanisms for ensuring the highest standards must be put in place. The Virtual Library Consortium should ensure that unnecessary duplication is minimised while maximising useful redundancy. Page 10 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . Adoption of national standards and formulation of editorial policy. The institutional stakeholders should identify the most appropriate content delivery and sharing mechanisms for their own use C Management Arrangements 1 2 Where there is no existing in-house expertise. Medium-term: A B Training of staff and users.

the Virtual Library will improve the quality of their outputs. By making public records available. The Virtual Library should therefore be the corner stone in the rejuvenation of Nigeria’s Educational system and the realisation of many national regional and international development goals including: I II III Educational For All (EFA) New Partnerships for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Millennium Development Goals (MDG). good governance. accountability and transparency. 3 4 5 . the Virtual Library will preserve and enhance the democratic process. Conclusion 1 2 The quality of the Virtual Library is predicated on its content.C 3 Evaluation of standards and editorial policy. Long-term: A B C Continue digitization of Local content from stakeholders and Acquisition of new content. By enriching the Institutions of Higher Education. and thereby the quality of all other levels of education. Training and retraining of personnel and users. Nigeria has a large number of Institutions of Higher Education and Research which hold and generate vast quantities of research output that will enrich the nation and the world when made available through the Virtual Library. Review and evaluation of content and policies.

CHAPTER 2 INFRASTRUCTURE & CONNECTIVITY .

Remote off-line user using CDROM or other storage media VL LAN Level 2: An isolated peer to network consisting of one data users PC’s. Such a network should be always on-line. peer local area entry PC and two Switch Users Content Providers input via: Floppy disk CD-ROM Analogue to digital conversion Direct digital input Products of other web-sites Dial in up-loads Switch Content Providers input via: Floppy disk CD-ROM Analogue to digital conversion Direct digital input Products of other web-sites Dial in up-loads III Level 3: A local area network (LAN) using a “bus topology” consisting of Two data entry PC’s and ten user PC’s. LAN Internet link Switch Users Server Content Providers input via: Floppy disk CD-ROM Analogue to digital conversion Direct digital input Products of other web-sites Dial in up-loads V Level 5: An always on-line campus wide network consisting of individual LAN’s in the Page 13 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . Such LAN a network could either be peer to peer or have a server and may or may not be on-line. financial capabilities and sophistication. technological capabilities. Scanner. They include: I Level 1: Stand-alone PC with CD ROM Drive.Chapter 2 INFRASTRUCTURE & CONNECTIVITY Aims and Objectives INTERNET VIRTUAL LIBRARY SYSTEM 1 Plan and specify scalable and flexible Virtual Library infrastructural requirements that will be appropriate to each institution’s financial. Clustered Node managerial. Variants of this consist of:   II The above system with CD-Writer. Directly linked in-house user e g in Library Remote user with online connectivity via Internet Remote off-line user using CDROM or other storage media Content Providers input via: Direct link Direct digital input Dial in up-loads Floppy disk CD-ROM Analogue to digital conversion Products of other web-sites 2 Specifically this chapter aims to address the following issues: A B C D E Workable topology and architecture Hardware and software requirements Connectivity and bandwidth needs Power requirements Ergonomics and environmental needs LAN LAN LAN LAN LAN LAN Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list A Network Infrastructure: Six optional levels have been envisaged based on Institutional populations. size and sophistication. modem and printer. two data entry PC’s. The above system with a removable/ replaceable hard disk. Users IV Level 4: A LAN using a “bus topology” consisting of at least one server. ten user PC’s and the full complement of digitisation accessories.

wireless.short range radio link Radio . B Access technology: I II III IV V VI Off-line technologies Dial-up – normal fixed land telephone line Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Direct Synchronous Link (xDSL) Wireless . Apache. OS/2. Macintosh OS/X and their variants. DocuWare and OpenDoc Anti-virus and firewall Optical character Recognition E-Publishing software like Adobe Acrobat.libraries. LaserFisch. Zylab. Solaris. student and staff residences. Application software:     Digital Archiving software such as Greenstone. Digifile. Linux. Zope.medium range radio link VII Very Small Aperture Satellite (VSAT) earth station VIII Fibre Optic Cable Links IX C Virtual Private Network (VPN) Energy and power conditioning: I II III IV V Isolated Generation Solar Photo-Voltaic (PV) Small Hydropower Systems (SHP) Wind Power National Grid Supply through the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) D Software: I II Operating systems software such as Windows. VI Level 6: Clusters of co-located institutions can be inter-linked via fibre optic cable. The same applies to multicampus institutions whose units are within the range of these technologies. central access laboratories. Unix. faculties. point to multi-point microwave links and other technologies. MS-Word and other document processing software .

For libraries that would not want to publish their own contents. the focus of this feasibility study is the setting up of a Virtual Library and not the Automation of Traditional Libraries which is an adjunct task. II B Access technology: I The specific access media used should be informed by the needs of the specific institution under consideration. population. Symmetrical bandwidth is much more desirable over asymmetrical bandwidth. or would rather replicate their content to a central access point. widely supported. Storage Standards and Backup Methods: Nodes should determine the optimum storage media in collaboration with Virtual Library Consortium using the appropriate best practices as enumerated in UNESCO’s National Digitisation Policy and other applicable documents. financial capabilities and sophistication. II III Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 15 . 2 Evaluation of Options and Recommendations: A Network Infrastructure: I Because of the varying status of individual institutions the specific option adopted will depend on the Institution’s strategic plan. an asymmetrical bandwidth is suitable and adequate. Every node of the Virtual Library will implement a backup strategy that has a combination of on-site and off-site storage methods for the backup media. The desirable bandwidth for Internet connectivity is a minimum of 6 Kilobit bandwidth per user terminal. The TCP/IP suites of networking and Internet access protocols are well established. thumb drives and related movable media can be used to update stand-alone systems. XLib. provided mechanisms are put in place to ensure effective use of available bandwidth. hard disks.Chapter 2 INFRASTRUCTURE & CONNECTIVITY   Browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer. However. For Virtual Libraries that will enable access to their materials via the net. Netscape Navigator and Opera Library Automation Software such as ALICE for Windows. GLASS and VTLS. As a cost saving strategy external on-line updates to an Intranet can be scheduled to take place during off-peak hours. CDROM’s. and best suited for the Virtual Library.

They also have a relatively low initial cost. The cost of laying fibre cables is on the decrease. two units of isolated generators will be required per location. be encouraged to install and operate fibre optic backbone links for optimal interconnectivity and future proofing. well designed. C Energy and power conditioning: I Isolated Generation: These are power sources that utilize fossil fuels mainly Petrol or Diesel. In addition National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) is deploying a national Public Service Network using VSAT and ISM technology. thereby causing the least physical discomfort to users. For a Virtual Library to operate around the clock. as opposed to installing a direct link. Internetworks (MAN’s)/ Campus Networks and Intranets. keyboards and pointing devices used should be ergonomic. However. Virtual Private Network (VPN): VPNs enable the harnessing of various network services including the Internet via multiple communication media. It is easily deployable to any part of the country due to the high II . Solar Photo-Voltaic (PV): This is a system that coverts solar energy into electrical energy using an array of solar cells. This is because although Ku Band equipment and Access is cheaper. and those institutions that are clustered within 5kms from each other. environmentally friendly and pleasant. Instrumentation Security and Management (ISM) 2. These generators are easily deployable and can be deployed to any part of the country. and relatively affordable. V   VI Furniture Ergonomics: The furniture and equipment including computer tables. they are not environmentally friendly and not scalable as demand increases. it is more susceptible to adverse weather conditions such as rain and rain clouds. The current policy of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) allows Higher Educational Institutions to use this frequency. chairs. the CBand frequency is recommended as opposed to Ku-Band. They include:  Fibre Links: It is recommended that large. VII Environment & Ambiance: The user environment should be familiar.IV For remote locations that require connectivity via VSAT.4Ghz Radio Links: ISM Radio frequency signals can transmit over distances of up to 5km and maintain its designated speed of 11Mbps. Installation is easy.

However. Scalability is easily done for wind power system. National Power Utility: The National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) operates and manages the national grid supply existing in most locations nationwide. Windows. which is often bundled with workstation hardware. with a relatively low cost of usage. However. Installation is easy. though with a high initial system cost. Windows XP. particularly 2000 Server is the most widely used operating system platform by Library Automation software and should therefore be used for the Library Automation process. but is not easily deployable because it is location specific. Apache on Linux should be used. It has minimal maintenance activity with a life-span of about Twenty Five years. Page 17  Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .Chapter 2 INFRASTRUCTURE & CONNECTIVITY intensity of solar radiation over the country. It has a relatively low initial and operational cost. They offer emission-free power solutions for many remote communities throughout the world. It has a high initial cost with a reasonable Total Cost of Ownership. the cost of ownership over its life-span is relatively low. IV V D Software: I Operating systems software:  Linux and Apache are free open source operating system software. Solaris. It is very environmentally friendly and scalable III Small-Hydropower Systems (SHP): Small-Hydropower systems convert hydropower potential of a flowing river into electrical power. It is environmentally friendly. Commercial software such as Unix. but the manpower and the skills to install and maintain them are scarce and expensive. where the manpower is already available in-house or can be reasonably trained and as a long-term strategy of a capacity building policy. However. Inter connection cost is low and easy. Wind Power: Wind Power systems convert wind energy into electrical energy. the epileptic nature of the supply and location of Higher Education Institutions outside economic zones are major source of concern for a Virtual Library. However. it services are at times epileptic and nonexistent in some cases. can be used at the user workstations. It requires meteorological data that is readily available for the entire country. This is an inexhaustible energy source that is available to specific regions of the country. Hydropower potential is wide-spread all over the country but is relatively unexploited. OS/2 and Macintosh OS/X suffer the same lack of sufficient local technical expertise and high maintenance cost.

The identification. These should be installed on the server and the workstations as appropriate. It should be noted that the advanced versions of the above software attract a fee. quantum and sophistication of technology deployed must be suitable for the particular institution being considered. while the product and related capacity building are supported by UNESCO Anti-virus and firewall.II Application software:  UNESCO’s Greenstone software is suggested because it is free.     F Recommendations: A The start-up level. The Virtual Library should subscribe to free Anti-virus software like AVG. based on need. B C D Management Arrangements 1 Every network operating system has some in-built network management facilities. Intermediate options and their combinations should also be considered. to ensure effective utilisation of . to derive full benefits the Adobe suit should be purchased. type. An institution may opt to deploy all or some of the options provided above. Other commercial products such as MS-Word and other document processing software could also be considered. Browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer. evaluation and utilisation of free open source. as well as commercial.mail-scan. and free firewalls like in-built Windows XP firewall. PC-Cillin. Netscape Navigator and Opera are free and often bundled with the operating systems or other software packages including Greenstone. Several Optical Character Recognition (OCR) products are bundled with scanning hardware and office suite software application bundles. software require capacity building. Sygate. Zone Alarm and Tiny Personal Firewall and Sophos firewall that allows for upgrading from the internet. However. However. Sophos . Remote locations that want to participate in the Virtual Library project will connect using the most suitable access technology as discussed variously above. Basic e-Publishing software like Star office and Adobe Acrobat are free.

2 The Virtual Library Consortium should facilitate the creation of policies that foster broad based partnerships with other institutions and the private sector. The stakeholders through the Virtual Library Consortium should agree on minimum equipment and software specifications. access and maintenance. will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E F 2 Virtual Library strategic planning by nodes and the Virtual Library Consortium Institutional and/ or cluster specific assessment of status and needs Identification and prioritisation of appropriate technology options and combinations Deployment of adopted Virtual Library infrastructure according to scheduled priorities Capacity building begins Establishment of help desks Medium-term: A B C D E Monitoring and evaluation of deployment Plan and institute maintenance arrangements Develop in-house capabilities troubleshooting and basic maintenance Capacity building continues Infrastructural expansion and/ or scaling up including bandwidth requirements. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 19 . it is necessary to procure network monitoring software and develop policies for network security. best practices.Chapter 2 INFRASTRUCTURE & CONNECTIVITY bandwidth. 3 4 5 Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes. as appropriate. software patches. specific expertise and emerging technologies. Each node including the Virtual Library Consortium should establish and share extended help desk functions including alerts. All stakeholders should log and share hardware and software problems and solutions deployed as part of the construction of a collective memory and inform on upgrades and replacements as well as spare parts.

They should optimally be used in combination as required to make access to the Virtual Library as ubiquitous as possible. Institutions have varying Information Communication Technology status. Availability of free open source software resources. Co-located institutions should be encouraged to form clusters for the cost effective sharing of resources and bandwidth inparticular. populations. CD-ROM.3 Long-term: A B C D Monitoring and evaluation of deployment Review maintenance arrangements Assess Infrastructure for replacement and/ or upgrading Capacity building continues Conclusion 1 The infrastructure should be configured and conform to the overall needs of the user. The rapidity of technology change is such that equipment and human resources require constant updating. strategic priorities. capacities. reduces take off costs provided investment is made in building human capacity. It is more cost effective and rational to provide content via an Intranet where possible instead of the Internet. administration. human resources and operational environment. resources and operating environments and accordingly they will each have different start options and combinations of topologies and technologies. This can only be achieved using a private sector based approach since government may not be able to provide the continuity of funding amidst competing sectoral demands. some of which have influential support bases. Hard Disks. There are a variety of content delivery vehicles available including ebooks. cache/ proxies on the internet as well as web access. e-mail. not vice-versa. Due to the mobility of expertise a private sector based approach should be deployed to Human Resources Management for the Virtual Library 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .

CHAPTER 3 ADMINISTRATION .

etc.Here.Chapter 3 ADMINISTRATION Aims and Objectives 1 Identify and review management options and recommend a best-fit for Nigerian Higher Education Institutions (Higher Education Institutions) that would ensure transparency. B C 2 Evaluation of Options: A Centralised: The arrows on the organogram signify traffic from the centre to the nodes. Partially Decentralised System. Where donation is made to the project. funding responsibility is shared. content. etc) is decided there Decentralised System. Identify participatory roles and responsibilities for stakeholder institutions. budget. Formulate a management arrangement that would significantly reduce Virtual Library project risks. Administration is Decentralised. 2 3 Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list The following alternative ways of organising a Virtual Library were considered: A Centralised System. infrastructure is Decentralised. cost-effectiveness. roles are defined for the central body as well as the member institutions. source materials independently and may have little collaboration with other member institutions or the Coordinating Centre. proper ownership and sustainability of the Virtual Library. A variant of this alternative is where some specialization is introduced. Standards easier to develop.Where there is a strong Centre (Coordinating body) and everything (management. decide on content individually. Ensures equitable allocation of resources Node Node Node one-way Centre Node . They decide on their budget by themselves. resource sharing. content development is Decentralised but with a backup at the centre. I Merits:    Easier to populate the Virtual Library with foreign content. and some member libraries may specialize in developing materials on particular subjects. this will be centralised and allocated based on a guideline to be evolved.This is where the units or member institutions are autonomous and have little or nothing to do with the centre or Coordinating body. training will be both at the local and central levels.

by the traditional Demerits:            Inability to accommodate Local content More difficult to populate with local content More difficult to cultivate primary users Break down at the centre could lead to total failure of all nodes Encourages redundancy and laxity at the local end Encourages tendency towards corruption and empire building Possible marginalisation of some centres. Its methods are better understood command style administrators.  II Easier allocation of resources. Possibility of local leadership threatening the project idea Bureaucracy and “red-tapism” thrives Stifles creativity at the local level and promotes nonchalance Node Node Node Node Node B Decentralised I Merits:   Fast decision making and implementation Encourages commitment and ownership at the local level Node Node Node      II More effective in mobilising resources from local sources Greater opportunities for local capacity building Encourages creativity and innovation Easy development of local content Easier and faster access to information by users. More difficult to sustain by Higher Education Institutions as they lack a feeling of ownership. Demerits:   Possible loss of focus and priorities Tendency towards duplication of efforts .

I Merits:      II Combines most of the merits of the other two options Node institution/ centre Centre Node Breakdown at either the centre or does not cripple the system Accommodates the peculiarities of individual Limited bureaucracy nodes Node nodes Useful redundancy could be facilitated and unnecessary duplication avoided Demerits:    Requires more administrators work and capacity on the part of May take longer to build consensus in membership Possibility of local leadership threatening the project idea 3 Requirements for the adoption of each alternative A Centralised I II III IV B Technical and support personnel Infrastructure Funding Content materials Decentralised I Same as above but at a higher scale C Partially Decentralised I II Technical and support personnel but more in number Content with back up capability .Chapter 3 ADMINISTRATION      B Standards maybe different and resources difficult to share Possibility of local leadership threatening the project idea More expensive to maintain Possibility of local leadership threatening the project idea Could cause donor fatigue. Node Decentralised: This structure allows each node to interact with the centre/ nodes while the serves as a clearing house.

B Decentralised System I All the responsibilities of the Coordinating Centre are borne by the node C Partially Decentralised System I Coordinating Centre:     II Marketing/publicity management Recruitment of staff Training Sourcing of funds (Donor/ Investor relationship Node    Handles content development. management and distribution marketing/publicity recruitment of staff training of staff and users Sourcing of Funds Nodes      Provision of local content to the Centre. management and distribution Recruitment of staff Training . Preparation and submission of reports to the Centre. participation in general meetings Set up nodal help desk and provide user assistance facilities Payment of membership dues and related charges.III IV 4 Funding for both node and Centre Infrastructure Role definition for each level in the proposed organogram A Centralised System I Coordinating Centre       II Limited bureaucracy handles content development. Participating in common activities such as policy making. capacity building.

C D E F Management Arrangements 1 Definition of the coordinating body A The recommendation for a coordinating body is based on the fact that the Virtual Library is an innovation and for it to take root. the capacity of the staff there should be enhanced to handle the digitization process of the library.Chapter 3 ADMINISTRATION  5 Sourcing of funds Recommendation A B The recommended organisation structure for the Virtual Library is the decentralised system. Requirements: The requirements include: I II II IV Fair representation of all stakeholders and this engenders a sense of belonging Availability of infrastructure Capacity to do what the different nodes could do and allow for back up of systems Technical capacity of nodes must be synchronized. Where the existing library has a good computer unit. and existing staff must be retrained. Therefore. qualified personnel could be hired to implement the project in the library. In the implementation of this option. B . it requires a unique structure in order to pursue an effective take off and delivery. The Virtual Library Consortium should act as the regulator of the participating Virtual Library stakeholder institutions and evolve mechanisms to ensure that shared equipment. The central coordinating body should be called the Virtual Library Consortium. The Virtual Library Consortium coordinating body will act as the regulator and facilitator of the Virtual Library Stakeholders. Where this is lacking. UNESCO should facilitate the formation of a Virtual Library Consortium as described below. The Virtual Library Consortium coordinating body will not be a direct implementer or operational node of the Virtual Library. the Virtual Library element of the library should only be a unit within the existing library structure. national materials and other information resources at particular Higher Education Institution site are maintained by such institutions.

Undertake mobilisation of users. The node should subscribe to the Virtual Library Consortium and facilitate the evolution of the traditional library into an integrated library. allocation of resources and copyright matters Undertake marketing strategies in terms of negotiations with donor agencies. security and related policies Ensure maintenance and updating of their Virtual Library nodes Provision of local content to the Centre. Undertake local training. negotiations. Its functions shall include the following: A B C D E F G H I J K L Develop Consortium membership guidelines Setting standards. policies and operations for member libraries guidelines for Virtual Library Responsibility for Licensing. Selection and digitisation of local content Administration of the node Design and implement incentives for staff and users of the Virtual Library Monitoring and evaluation of nodal activities Ensure institutions provision of budget line for Virtual Library activities. . Development of user. access. promote and enforce nationwide interlibrary lending policies and procedures Undertakes project evaluation Encourage competition between the nodes Serve as an information clearing house for the Virtual Library Compiling best practice guides 3 Role definition of the nodes. Its functions shall include the following:: A B C D E F G H I J K Undertake institutional needs assessment.2 Role definition of the coordinating body. The coordinating body shall be the administrative secretariat and clearing house of the Virtual Library Consortium. contacts for Fund raising Legal matters Development of virtual union catalogue Capacity building for member institutions Refine.

UNESCO will facilitate the formation of the consortium. The membership of the management committee should not be more than 15 while the administrative staff shall not be more than 15 working with Consultants where necessary. Six Nominees of the subscribers to the consortium. Proposed management structure for the coordinating body A The name of the proposed coordinating body is given as the Virtual Library Consortium. C The Chairman of the management committee should be nominated from amongst the institutions but shall not be a government agency or donor agency. including: I II III IV V B NODE VLC Management Committee VLC Coordinator NODE Head of Operations and Assistants Head of Capacity Building & Outreach and Assistants Support Staff NODE Head Admin & Finance and Assistants NODE The Virtual Library Consortium coordinator – one person. Coordinator of the Virtual Library as Member/ Secretary. Capacity Building & Outreach and Assistant – two persons Head. Head. Operations and Assistant – two persons Head. D .Chapter 3 ADMINISTRATION L M N O 4 Preparation and submission of reports to the Centre. Two Representative of Donors. participation in general meetings Set up nodal help desk and provide user assistance facilities Payment of membership dues and related charges. capacity building. Participating in common activities such as policy making. One Representative of the Private sector. Administration & Finance and Assistant – two persons Support staff – three persons The suggested composition of the management committee shall include: I II III IV V Two Representatives of the Federal Government.

as appropriate. acquisition and populating the Virtual Library continues Deploy arrangements/schedules agreed general assembly. rules and regulations and modes of operation Refine needs analysis Fundraising starts Get technical assistance Commence capacity building and Virtual Library development at Higher Education Institutions and content acquisition 3 Long-term: A B C D Membership drive continues Fundraising continues Development. Virtual Library Consortium conferences and Workshops . furnishing and equipping of the Coordinating Office Search and Appointment of other staff for the Virtual Library Consortium coordinating secretariat Identify sources of funds and technical assistance Medium-term: A B C D E F G Membership drive Development and dissemination of “How-To-Manuals” for member institutions Participatory Development and refinement of standards. will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E F G H I J 2 Identification of facilitators for initial take-off activities Mobilization of Stakeholders Printing and wide circulation of Feasibility Study Document Development Instruments of Memorandum of Understanding and Legal Registration of the Virtual Library Consortium Appointment of Virtual Library Management Board Search and Appointment of Virtual Library Consortium Coordinator Identification.Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes.

2 3 . emerging from decades of authoritarian. appropriate and relevant to. and greatly reduce project risks and render the Virtual Library to be need-specific. could hope to maintain. whose operations derive from and are undertaken by the Higher Education Institutions. This is particularly true for a technology that changes so rapidly that only those employed and paid to innovate and keep track of innovations.Chapter 3 ADMINISTRATION E Project Assessment. empower Higher Education Institutions. Mandated to innovate. A consortium management arrangement that is wholly owned by member institutions. arbitrary and over-centralized governance and administration. generate and refine content through research. facilitated by a coordinating centre to encourage resource sharing. useful and sustainable. to over-centralize the Virtual Library would further disable the Higher Education Institutions by taking away almost all their basic functions and render it a "whiteelephant project" by alienating the project from its primary stakeholders of students and staff of the Higher Education Institutions. be more attractive to donors. and to serve as foci for National development through community services. innovate and cultivate a sense of ownership for problems and solutions that affect their fundamental functions and operations. update and advance the technology. Review and Modulation Conclusion 1 For the Virtual Library to be useful. and sustainable by Higher Education Institutions. Nigeria requires to re-empower its Higher Education Institutions to build capacity. serve as a clearing house and confer benefits of economies of scale would be consistent with global trends. disseminate organized content through teaching.

COPYRIGHT & PAYMENT ISSUES .CHAPTER 4 LEGAL.

chapter 68 of the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990 (as amended). including structures and modality within the framework of the copyright law. penalty. A Issues considered include the provisions of the law as regards protection. including: A General Nature of copyright Copyright is the right conferred by statute on the author of creative works to control acts that may be done in relation to such work by a third party. reproducing. COPYRIGHT & PAYMENT ISSUES Aims and Objectives 1 Identify. which will guarantee the operations of the Virtual Library without the risk of infringement of copyright. transfer. The basic rights conferred on authors of the protected works include the right to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts: I II III IV V VI Reproducing the works in any material form Publishing the work Performing the work in public Producing. is the relevant statute regarding copyright protection in Nigeria. or similar arrangements . sound recording and broadcast. Section I (I) of the Copyright Act lists the broad category of works which are eligible for copyright protection to include: literary works. lease. exceptions to copyright control as enumerated in the Nigerian Deposit Law in section 64 of the Laws of Nigeria LN61 of 1970. Making any cinematograph film or a record in respect of the work Distributing to the public for commercial purposes copies of the work by ways of rental. and examine the relevant legal and copyright issues. musical work. loan. as well as exceptions to copyright control.Chapter 4 LEGAL. cinematograph films. The Act contains some important provisions. hire. Technical Issues and Details 1 Applicable Law The Copyright Act. performing or publishing any translation of the work. infringement. as they affect institutions of Higher Education. 2 B 3 Appraise payment related-matters. Align the operations of the Virtual Library with the provisions of the existing copyright laws. artistic. In particular. which may arise in the course of establishing and managing a Virtual Library by institutions of Higher Education in Nigeria.

” III IV V VI . chart or plan) by or under the direction of the person in charge of a public library for the use of the library if such a book is not available for sale in Nigeria. Any use made of the work by or under the direction or control of the Government. to the public of the works so used. which may give. public libraries. Any use made of a work in an approved educational institution for the educational purposes of that institution. criticism or review or the reporting of current event. private use. non commercial documentation centres and similar institutions. Paragraphs (a). The reproduction for the purpose of research or private study of an unpublished literary or musical work kept in a library. subject to the conditional that if a reproduction is made for any such purpose it shall be destroyed before the end of the prescribed period. IX To do any of these acts without the expressed authorization of the copyright owner amounts to an infringement. The making of not more than three copies of a book (including a pamphlet. B Exceptions from Copyright Control The second schedule to the Copyright Act creates exceptions to copyright control in respect of certain uses of copyrighted works. non-commercial documentation centres and scientific or other institutions as may be prescribed. The schedule states thus: I II “The right conferred in respect of a work by section 5 of this Act does not include the right to control The doing of any of the acts mentioned in the said paragraph 5 by way of fair dealing for purposes of research. before the end of the period of 12 months after it was made. if any. (q) and (r) of the schedule are particularly important as they make provision for use of copyright works in non commercial settings like educational institutions. or if there is not prescribed period. museum. where the use is in the public interest. it shall be accompanied by an acknowledgement of the title of the work and its authorship except where the work is incidentally included in a broadcast. or by such public libraries. no revenue is derived there from an no admission fee is charged for the communication.VII Broadcasting or communicating the work to the public in a loud speaker or any other similar devise VIII Doing in relation to the translation or adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in (i. rise to civil or criminal liability. sheet music.) to (viii) above. subject to the condition that if the use is public. or other institution to which the public has access. (k). map. (h).

ID Cards. necessary for implementers of the scheme to design appropriate modalities to ensure that the operation of the scheme is kept within the ambit of the stipulated exceptions. Consequently. 2 Payment Taking cognisance of the need for the scheme to adopt a self sustaining strategy through some fund generation mechanism. while students and other members of the academic community are guaranteed access to the facility from any point. It is. Such fees may however be adjusted upwards but generally kept within affordable range. the use should not be prejudicial to the interest of copyright owners.  VIII These exceptions are applicable to the Virtual Library. For the purpose of the latter. there are four payment options: I Web Based Payments Solutions – This solution requires that institutions develop appropriate web interface to enable users to interact and communicate with the institution and its Virtual Library from within and outside the campus locations for all activities including payments. no revenue should be derived there from. it is recommended that a library fee system. be continued with necessary modifications. making it possible to operate with minimal requirement for the usual copyright licenses or authorisation. adoption of a fee charging policy that will be compatible with the fair dealing principles under the law is necessary. which has been a well-recognised practice in institutions. – These are multi-functional. Smart . therefore. E-Mail Based Payment System . For Students and Staff of the member institutions. COPYRIGHT & PAYMENT ISSUES VII However.The e-mail based system collects payment from potential payers and transmits via e-mail to the payee. multi-application cards embedded with an electronic purse. convenient access methods are recommend as follows: A For persons who are outside the institutional environment. access may be given through the use of scratch cards. Scratch Cards . and no admission fees should be charged for the purpose of making copyright works available to the public.The card will carry varying monetary values reflecting span of period of access and expiration B II III IV .Chapter 4 LEGAL. the critical conditions for the exceptions are the following:   The use must be for educational purpose. which will be valid for a specified period.

as appropriate. The choice of monitoring and payment systems stated above and subsequently selected by the stakeholder institution has implications for the management of copyright and associated liabilities. or through the Virtual Library Consortium. The Virtual Library Consortium and nodes must ensure that they are current at all times with international copyright laws and conventions. The available options for securing license include: A Direct negotiation. that act on behalf of copyright owners. The Virtual Library Consortium in collaboration with stakeholder institutions should develop standards and mechanisms to monitor the usage of Virtual Library materials and sanctions in the case of copyright abuses. from management agencies. The Virtual Library Consortium should be incorporated as a Foundation limited by guarantee and facilitated by UNESCO and Government. B 3 Recommendations A Institutions in collaboration with the Virtual Library Consortium must identify and select the payment mechanism most suited to their peculiar needs and circumstances. B C D E Management Arrangements 1 2 The Virtual Library Consortium (VLC) will act as the regulator and facilitator of the Virtual Library Stakeholders. whereby the library will approach individual copyright owners to negotiate for the grant of licence and terms there of. 3 Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes. This option should be given serious consideration as it has the advantage of providing a large repertoire of works and economies of scale. The quantum of charges should be deregulated to institutions. or vendors. Government should update the existing copyright laws to enable them to meet the demands of electronic publishing. dissemination and use. will undertake the following: . Securing licence directly.3 Licensing and Authorisation It is necessary to ensure that the provisions of the copyright law are adhered to in the operations and services of the VIRTUAL LIBRARY.

Uses and charges for copyrighted materials should comply with the relevant copyright laws. on-line discussion groups. COPYRIGHT & PAYMENT ISSUES 1 Short-term: A To sensitise operators and users of Virtual Library on the need to adhere to copyright principles as enshrined in the Copyright Act and other relevant international instruments to which Nigeria is signatory. Initiate arrangements for country-wide subscriptions for various international full-text bibliographic databases. as opposed to charges for use of materials. Conclusion 1 2 3 4 The Virtual Library can commence operations under existing copyright laws. newsletters. This will be done using the media. tested and perfected within 24 months. Periodic review of the copyright law to accommodate changing technologies and operating environment. B 2 Medium-term: A B C Appropriate payment modalities and schemes be developed. dissemination and use. Periodic review of payment and related mechanisms. as amended in 1999. Each institution should adopt the payment option(s) appropriate to its technological infrastructure and managerial capacity as well as its peculiar circumstances. Virtual Library charges and payments should be limited to charges on facilities and overhead. conferences. There is a need for the stakeholder institutions to develop standards and mechanisms to monitor copyright abuses and determine sanctions. should be effected to make the provisions relevant to the digital environment. require updating to enable them meet the demands of electronic publishing. and for works available on the Virtual Library.Chapter 4 LEGAL. The existing copyright laws will. 3 Long-term: A B C Enforcement of copyright compliance. Legislative amendments to the existing Nigerian Copyright Act. 5 . workshops. Such amendments should be initiated within the first year of this exercise and completed not later than 24 months. however. Develop the copyright caption mechanisms for the Virtual Library websites.

CHAPTER 5 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT .

ideas. Promote harmonious industrial relations. resource sharing. especially for personal improvement in an area of interest VII Conferences. proper ownership and sustainability of the Virtual Library Facilitate appropriate enlightenment and user education to ensure the proper and optimal utilisation of the Virtual Library. Identify and review management options and recommend a best-fit for Nigerian Higher Education Institutions that would ensure transparency. 4 5 6 Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list A Types of training: All categories of library and information workers marshalled for Virtual Library systems and services need to be educated. skills. Impart knowledge. Ensure competence and capacity to enhance performance and productivity to cope with the expectations and tasks of the Virtual Library. experience and information to facilitate easy integration and assimilation. trained and retrained to conform to their new duties and responsibilities. seminars and workshops VIII Distance learning programme Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 38 . cost-effectiveness. skills and experiences within and outside the library and information centre. positive change in attitudes and behaviours as well as broadening the minds of the workforce at all levels through acquisition and exchange of information. ideas.Chapter 5 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Aims and Objectives 1 2 3 Prepare staff to cope with the present and anticipated needs and demands of the users and the society at large. knowledge. Some of the avenues readily available for capacity building in a typical information or knowledge centre include: I II III IV V VI Full-time training programme Part-time training programme On-the-job training and apprenticeship or internship Short-term training programme in specific area of interest to the success of the organization and the Virtual Library system In-service training programme with all the accompanying financial and material benefits to the trainee Self-sponsored training endeavour by the trainee.

these include: I II III IV V VI B The human resource development policy The existing and anticipated skills and knowledge required of the staff The financial and material support available The existing avenues available for staff development The cost of the training programme.B Sources of training I II In-house Out-sourced 2 Evaluation of Options: A The choice of which type of training programme should the library and information workers attend or benefit from for the Virtual Library will largely depend upon several factors in the organization. The type of staff currently available in the system or organization. In-house training I Merits of In-house training are:     II Builds capacity Cost effective Forges team spirit Minimises loss of man-hour/productivity Demerits of In-house training are:    Distractions by other duties and responsibilities No cross fertilization with people of other organizations No Networking C Outsourced Training I Merits of Outsource training:     II Experienced consultant or firm Participants horizon widens through cross fertilization Meeting people from different organizations Change of environment is refreshing Demerits of Outsourced training: .

in monetary and Page 40 B Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . digitizes. Compensation. The foregoing should be taken into consideration in determining appropriate remuneration and compensation to the staff. Acquisition/ Collection Development Librarian: Identifies the resources and arranges acquisition Digitization Officer: Converts material into electronic format System Administrator: Manages the network infrastructure Webmaster: Provides the wherewithal of uploading digitized information on to the Web User Assistants and attendants including: I II G 2 Web Navigator: Assists users of the Virtual Library to find their ways on the web Indexers: Summarises documents and created abstracts composing and B C D E F The quality and quantity of staff required depends on the functions and size of the node. Motivation & Retention A The attainment of high-level staff performance and provision of quality service should be the major focus of the Virtual Library. These and other objectives can only be achieved when staff are adequately compensated and motivated.Chapter 5 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT    Could be expensive Re-entry of staff could be a problem Risk of loosing staff through poaching Management Arrangements 1 Human Resource Functions: The following generic human resource functions at the nodes are subject to modifications after proper “needs analysis” at the node. uploads and manages the overall resources of the Virtual Library system at the node. the system. Staff of the Virtual Library should be well compensated. This is to encourage staff to remain with. and give their best to. Necessary provision in the condition of service in the Virtual Library staff should be made to ensure that staff have job satisfaction and security. The generic job functions to be performed in a Virtual Library node and the calibre of personnel to be required are as follows: A The Librarian: Supervision of all aspects of the development of the Virtual Library. Sources for materials. It should be realized that the Virtual Library is coming on-stream in Nigeria at a time when the required expertise in Information Communication Technology generally is in short supply.

The boundary to knowledge dissemination is no longer owned and distributed in an unequal hierarchy from the dispenser (the librarian or archivist) to the user. The environment of the Virtual Library should be designed so as to avoid career stress. Human resource development should be aimed at breaking the digital divide. there might be need to redeploy staff and harmonise library functions. The Internet provides global information sharing. The social implications and impact of digitization are enormous. The establishment of the Virtual Library should be complementary. The career ladder should be such that movement should be flexible. ill-prepared and vulnerable.non-monetary forms. The career structure of employees of the Virtual Library should be well developed to encourage professionalism. Partnerships that support human development are preferable to those that offer quicker. The opportunity for them to be trained and retrained . and open up opportunities for jobs. It will eventually create jobs. C Provision of incentives. but in the trusted value-added services of skilled information professionals to guide and direct the user in turning the overwhelming volume of electronic information into knowledge. especially where available personnel perceive themselves to be old. B C 5 Management of change A Peoples’ natural aversion to change is legendry. Motivational packages should be built in the salary of employees. provide a pool of confident and competent work force. and for import and export of goods and services. B 4 Social contract A An important component of capacity building in developing countries is the opportunity provided to create new job opportunities for the people of the country. However. but which ignore the social upliftment of job creation. The value of information is no longer vested in its ownership. positive and negative will be structured in a manner that will enhance staff retention capacity. 3 Career development A Career is the entire process which an employee undergoes right from first day on the job to the time when he leaves the job. changing the way in which users interact with information resources. The remunerations should be comparable to those in the private sector. provide local content. and often cheaper off-site conversion. monitory and non-monitory. it is expected that as the expansion of the Virtual Library progresses and the traditional libraries deploy Information Communication Technology to improve services.

report writing. competences and skills. and resistance to. For the Virtual Library project to succeed in all the participating libraries there will be the need for a culture shift among the staff who work there. management. Availability of infrastructure Capacity to do what the different nodes could do and allow for back up of systems Technical capacity of nodes must be synchronized. information preservation and archiving. Total Quality Management (TQM) and knowledge management. 7 Recommendation A Training programme: The programme for capacity building in libraries and information centres should include courses in Information and Communication Technology (Information Communication Technology) applications. B All these will require staff to attain a greater depth and breadth of knowledge. institutions or individuals with proven experience in the use of these new technologies and who are willing to transfer the skills. change must be clearly offered very early in the reorganization process. Accordingly. management information systems (MIS). and end-user electronic document delivery reserves will grow to include an electronic full text format. The training requirement for staff of a Virtual Library node is as follows: I II III Basic computer appreciation modules Internet and intranet browsing Website designing Page 42 B Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .Chapter 5 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT to remove the fear of. public relations. Capacity building will be better and effectively achieved by encouraging partnerships with acclaimed consultants. and the users of the library. C 6 Requirements A B C D Fair representation of all stakeholders. financial. one of the first steps is to identify such institutions and sources of partnerships and identification of every aspect of the change process with the available human resources. This will see I II III The Collection Development Librarians adapting to selection of Internet sources Reference Librarians engaging in the design and publication of electronic services and resources Interlibrary loan will encompass electronic receipt of userinitiated requests.

IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI C

Scanning and digitization HTML and PDF modules Machine readable catalogue (MARC) Desktop publishing Indexing and abstracting Proposal/Report writing Time Management System administration and management Networks and Internetworks Hardware and Software maintenance Fundraising Financial Management Project Writing and Management

Training content: The content of training must be carefully selected to prepare the available manpower adequately for identified tasks while also discouraging the possibility of the project becoming a training platform for all markets. The certificate earned from such training should be capable of forging a career development Twenty five percent (25%) of the Virtual Library budget at each node, and the Virtual Library Consortium, should be set aside for training.

D

Action Plan
The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes, as appropriate, will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E F G Conduct staff audit by the nodes Evolve a Human Resource Development policy. Staff restructuring/ conversion Identify areas of need Design and initiate train-the-trainer programs Recruitment/ retraining of staff as appropriate Staff training/ capacity building

Chapter 5

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

H I 2

Initiate Virtual Library internship programs to build capacity among students and non-library staff. Initiate programs to build capacity among academic and nonteaching staff.

Medium-term: A B C D E Manpower Planning and establish a Human Resources policy Manpower training and development Identification of various types and modes of training Development of training modules Develop a staff retention policy and program Establishment of training program and capacity linkages. Design and implement training laboratories. Periodic review of Human Resource policy. Training and Retraining of staff.

3

Long-term: A B C D

Conclusion
1 It is necessary for each Higher Education Institution to re-organize its library functions and carry out, as appropriate, a library and information science curriculum review so as to provide the much-needed training and retraining to ensure the availability of the right crop of personnel that will cope with the challenges of Knowledge Management. In order to ensure quality assurance in training, it is necessary to conduct training needs analysis to determine personnel to be trained, training content, training providers (in-house and external), methods of delivery and training materials. It is expected that existing Library Staff will be taught the skills required, and thereby converted, to operate and manage the Virtual Library. This will ensure that staff recruitment and related overheads will be kept to the barest minimum. Any new staff will be employed by the Institutions Library and deployed to the Virtual Library as deemed necessary by the Library management. It is also expected that Libraries will encourage the participation of Interns in the Virtual Library activities. Staff performance reviews shall be periodically and diligently carried out to provide a qualitative and dedicated workforce.

2

3

4 5

Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment

Page 44

6

Information Communication Technology are characterised by rapid changes therefore mechanisms should be put in place to ensure that staff are frequently trained and updated.

Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS .

127.32 $43.53 (Budget detailes are contained in subsequent pages of this chapter) Budget Summary – Total Costs COST OF IMPLIMETNATION TOTAL IN NAIRA Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment N21.029.400.617.77 2 VLC Office Capital Costs 1 N51.464.469. Determine annual net cash flow for each operational level and the funding surplus of deficit therein Determine future capital expenditure requirements and possible funding gaps for consideration Techhnical Issues and Details 1 Total Cost Estimates Budget Summary – Capital Costs Naira to US $ Exchange Rate CAPITAL COSTS S/n Description Sites Cost Notes 1 Start-up 1 N57.12 N16.00 7 Level 2 Capital Costs 135 N5.390.674.988.60 3 Level 6 Capital Costs 20 N119.14 N1.660.961.010.80 8 Level 1 Capital Costs 59 N1.570.87 Page 47 .575.00 4 Level 5 Capital Costs 35 N73.388.77 N51.358.212.615.675.00 N6.558.794.852.00 N100.25 7 Level 2 Recurrent Costs 135 N812.60 N63.630.593.894.575.65 N958.388.898.660.593.010.230.00 3 Level 6 Recurrent Costs 20 N17.754.419.488.891.183.860.014.171.761.474.765.927.350.60 6 Level 3 Capital Costs 200 N32. These elements include: A B 2 3 4 Virtual Library Consortium head office Six virtual Library operations levels Consider the sustainability imperative.134.433.35 (Budget detailes are contained in subsequent pages of this chapter) Budget Summary – Recurrent Costs ANNUAL RECURRENT COSTS S/n Description Sites Cost 1 VLC Office Recurrent Costs 1 N53.651. identify possible revenue sources and propose appropriate rates for each source.228.60 2 Content Subscriptions 1 N63.229.825.253.80 5 Level 4 Recurrent Costs 50 N8.06 N755.013.957.08 8 Level 1 Recurrent Costs 59 N372.49 N21.517.00 N699.117.358.650.870.00 N377.347.236.083.64 N2.208.013.978.644.21 9 Ongoing User and Staff Training + awareness 25% Grand Total Annual Recurrent Costs in NAIRA Grand Total Annual Recurrent Costs in US$ Notes Total Cost N53.00 Total Cost N57.60 N2.950.46 N5.230.029.850.794.171.268.695.229.832.00 9 Donor Management & Administrative Overhead 3% 10 Contingency 5% 500 Grand Total Capital Costs in NAIRA Grand Total Capital Costs in US$ N129.362.00 N2.171.80 5 Level 4 Capital Costs 50 N53.761.13 4 Level 5 Recurrent Costs 35 N73.35 6 Level 3 Recurrent Costs 200 N4.952.00 N405.55 $125.765.887.34 N109.992.Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Aims and Objectives 1 Identify all elements of capital and recurrent expenditure for the Virtual Library.00 N349.952.00 N2.705.644.765.

Budget Summary – Income Total N2.793.765.00 .00 N750.000 50.00 N337.000.337.170.000 N1.069.455.000.000.500.000.00 N1.340.000 N300.000 9.00 N1.000.153.319.000.00 $55.95 $72.000 N6.000 3 Level 4 50 9.000.593.000 5.000 500.000 5.97 B In line with the sustainability objective of the Virtual Library.250.000.000 4 Level 3 200 5.COST OF IMPLIMENTATION: Total Required in US$ $169. as enumerated above.450.00 N11.00 N315.00 N11.702.000.68 $11.340.250.26 Registration Fees per user S/ Description n 1 Level 6 2 Level 5 3 Level 4 4 Level 3 5 Level 2 6 Level 1 Annual User Fee Income in NAIRA Annual Registration Fee Income in US$ 20 35 50 200 135 59 II User Charges Income per Institution N15.750.00 N1.00 N35.450.750.000.00 N2.00 N425.000.00 $18.000 N9.000.404.000.88 Budget Summary – Start-up Costs per User START-UP COSTS PER USER TOTAL IN NAIRA Total in US$ N9.023.106.00 N2.000.63 2 Statement of Income and expenditure A Using the assumptions and basis for revenue and expenditure outlined a statement of income and expenditure has been drawn up for each level and the Virtual Library Consortium office.000 2 Level 5 35 12.000 N2.000. CD-ROM purchases & other consumables usage 4 Income from Public/ Private Partnerships estimated per user per annum 5 Income from Commissions on Copyright materials payments & oline bookstore 6 Income from Consessioning/ Rental of unused Library Space 7 Income from Website & related advertisements 8 Annual Subscriptions from Private Higher Education Institutions estimated per user TOTAL IN NAIRA Total in US$ 1 2 Funding Gap or Surplus RECURRENT FUNDING SURPLUS IN NAIRA Recurrent Funding Gap or Surplus in US$ N1.368.622.00 Total Cost User Charges estimated to be an average per user per annum S/n Description Average User population Expected Library patronage 30% 1 Level 6 20 20.00 N420.000 12.50 ESTIMATED ANNUAL INCOME 1 Registration Fees per user 2 User Charges estimated to be an average per user per annum 3 Income from User Photocopying.000.225.500.950.000.00 Total Cost N400.981.702.000.000.000 500 50 Income per Institution 20.000.00 N1.500.143.000.755.000.000.00 N67.479.270.000.000.00 N7.750.00 N450.000 N3.000.000 9.750.500. the following major sources have been identified Budget Summary – Income Sources I Registration fees Average User population 20.467.000.000.000.000.000 12.000. Printing.

750.00 N15.500.750.145.000.00 N1.00 5 Level 2 135 500 300.000 45.000.000.000.00 $9.00 N2.000 3 Level 4 50 9.500.500 6 Level 1 59 50 750 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA Annual User Charges Income in US$ VI S/n Description Income from Consessioning N5.00 N225.885.00 N2.000 180.35 Income from Commissions on Copyright materials payments & oline bookstore Private Partnerships estimated per user per annum S/n Description Average User Income per population Institution Expected Library patronage 30% 1 Level 6 20 20.071.500.000 300.000.00 Income per Institution Total Cost Average User population Income from Consessioning/ Rental of unused Library Space Private Partnerships estimated per user per annum 1 2 3 4 5 6 Level 6 20 Level 5 35 Level 4 50 Level 3 200 Level 2 135 Level 1 59 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA Annual User Charges Income in US$ 20.00 $272.270.702.250.000 Total Cost Income from Public/ Private Partnerships estimated per user per annum S/n Description Average User population Expected Library patronage 50% 1 Level 6 20 20.000.00 2 Level 5 35 12.475.000.000.000.000.000 5 Level 2 135 500 6 Level 1 59 50 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA Annual User Charges Income in US$ N200.000.000.511.95 IV Income from Public/ Private Partnerships N1.000.000 500 50 100.000 2 Level 5 35 12.00 Total Cost N6.00 N44.00 N35.000.00 N1.750.00 6 Level 1 59 50 30.44 III Income from consumables usage Income from User Photocopying.000.000.00 Annual User Charges Income in US$ $10.000.000 6.000.250.500 250 N2.00 4 Level 3 200 5.000 12.000 N252.000.000.000 4 Level 3 200 5.000 N37.106.63 V Income from Commissions N50.00 N337.000.000 25.000.00 N6.750.200.000.00 N500.000. CD-ROM purchases & other consumables usage estimated at an average per user per annum N2.000.Chapter 6 5 6 Level 2 135 Level 1 59 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA Annual User Charges Income in US$ 500 50 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N375.000.000 60.00 N5.000 9.000.00 S/n Description Average User Income per Total Cost population Institution Expected Library patronage 30% 1 Level 6 20 20.100.337.404.400.000.012.000 2.500.000 135.000.000 7.770.000 75.715.000.00 N14.000.607.500 N50.000.500.300.000.267.000.00 N33.500.755.00 N1.625.000.000.000.000 250.00 N6.00 N1.00 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA N1.000 4 Level 3 200 5.000 N270.000 4.000 N240.225.000.000 N600.00 N2.000.000 25. Printing.00 $90.250.000 3 Level 4 50 9.170.500.12 VII Income from Website & related advertisements Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 49 .000 N1.00 Income per Institution 10.00 N210.00 N11.813.00 3 Level 4 50 9.000.000 5.212.000 3.000 N40.000 2.000 2 Level 5 35 12.000 5 Level 2 135 500 7.000.000 12.00 $13.000 5.

00 Total Cost N250.450.000 N5.294.00 N1.600.00 N48.000.000.715.000.000.00 N425.00 Institutions 4 Small Private Higher Education 200 50 N5.00 N20.573.000 5.000.800.000.00 N11.Income from Website & related advertisements Private Partnerships estimated per user per annum S/n Description Average User population 1 VLC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Level 6 20 Level 5 35 Level 4 50 Level 3 200 Level 2 135 Level 1 59 Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA Annual User Charges Income in US$ 20.000.000 12.00 $90.00 Institutions Annual User Charges Income in NAIRA 335 6550 Annual User Charges Income in US$ N2.00 N11.00 N1.000.340.00 N4.000 500 50 N5.00 Institutions 3 Medium Private Higher Education 100 500 N5.000.000 9.000.000.00 Total Cost N2.800.64 .00 N200.702.000.000.00 N2.250.00 N270.000.500.340.000.0 0 N80.00 N1.00 N36.000.000.000.000 N5.00 N125.00 Institutions 2 Large Private Higher Education 25 1.680.12 VIII Subscriptions from Private Higher Education Institutions Annual Subscriptions from Private Higher Education Institutions estimated per user S/n Average Description Average User Annual Charge population 1 Very Large Private Higher Education 10 5.00 N50.000.450.000.000.00 Income per Institution N2.000.00 $3.000.000.000.00 N250.

340.23 N8.00 N375.00 payments Rental Income N0.500.167.00 N2.117.00 User Charges N0.84 N20.000.819.00 10 S/N 1 2 3 4 5 INCOME PRE-START-UP VLC Registration Fees N0.610.00 Consumables usage N0.00 Public/ Private N0.000.581.400.000.948.666.78 .00 N12.707.00 N36.029.644.000.301.14 Total Annual Surplus (Deficit) in US $ -$442.885.87 20 N799.245.230.834.464.000.74 N382.848.567.00 N512.250.000.000.00 Level 5 N9. Level 6 N20.228.149.215.129.35 $62.00 N8.000.000.000.666.637.378.00 $10.43 $159.087.71 Level 1 N2.21 $2.450.00 N2.962.27 N979.382.35 N579.000.00 N250.000.000.140.68 $84.000.49 -N266.910.79 $3.794.168.00 N9.000.698.000.000.488.64 N8.00 N425.268.00 N16.40 Level 6 N31.00 N135.341.25 N300.500.049.000.00 N48.59 1 N382.908.60 $415.325.000.000.65 50 N774.43 Level 3 N1.468.36 N10.00 N/A Level 1 N37.025.00 N10.00 Level 4 N6.358.00 Advertisement N0.500.546.833.00 N300.00 N100.00 N4.00 Income in US $ $0.000.00 N80.00 N45.000.000.710.560.00 N250.000.236.332.000.35 N4.12 $310.66 N812.928.02 Level 5 N23.40 N499.000.000.000.00 N7.029.77 Level 4 N13.00 $244.666.00 N9.910.18 $120.203.75 200 N1.480.874.00 N20.13 N979.08 $6.000.00 N4.77 N53.268.00 N7.000.500.000.00 $445.000.00 N75.00 Subscriptions Administative Charges VLC Institutional Dues N0.00 N435.00 N25.00 N60.509.750.51 N372.093.426.00 N300.500.00 N165.069.00 N/A N750.19 Exchange Rate N129.00 Subscriptions from N0.228.97 N39.00 N15.000.Income and Expenditure Analysis C S/N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The tables show that with the exception of level 1.00 N5.33 N57.32 35 N719.13 $135.00 Level 3 N3.19 Income in Naira N0.170.00 N6.00 $101.000.230.978.06 $2.000.77 EXPENSES Post Start-up activities & Mobilization of Stakeholders Consumables: see details in subsequent pages Subscriptions: see details in subsequent pages VLC Administrative Expenses Total Expenses in Naira Total Expenses in US $ Annual Surplus (Deficit) in Naira Number of Institutions Grand Total Annual Surplus (Deficit) in Naira N57.203.847.000.013.00 Private HEI's VLC Content N0.08 N236.59 N17.000.000.000.00 $3.063.21 59 -N15.000.000.733.000.00 N6.000.665.536.750.86 Expenditure PRE-START-UP VLC PRE-START-UP N57.312.665.000.029.763.92 135 N67.230.00 N7.488.93 N15.525.087.77 1 -N57.731.00 $183.500.06 -N57.498.000.754.000.83 $64.000.705.000. the operational nodes of the Virtual Library can easily pay for their recurrent expenditure and generate some reserve to meet future capital asset replacement.54 Level 2 N106.00 $821.00 N3.000.00 N2.000.68 N691.00 N30.754.500.120.00 Level 2 N375.000.00 N135.698.00 N37.230.616.25 $37.000.00 N3.000.00 partnership Commissions on online N0.00 N180.832.21 N50.14 -$2.991.00 N2.750.927.296.750.029.382.236.000.200.77 $442.

173.14 -N15.015. VLC N51.637.00 Donor Admin N377.73 -N390. the Virtual library nodes will generate sufficient income to cover its recurrent costs and some limited future asset replacement.013.651.157.328.23 N2.316.997.049. Apart from the initial take-off funding requirement of N21.14 -N15.203.637.464.337.834.719.772.00 N110.00 -N15.382.049.197.765.187.00 N67.64 N0.14 -N15.00 N0. of N17.908.666.351.146.850.675.610.51 N67.567.615.469.63 N921.908.010.580.09 Level 5 N2.744.836.26 $1.390.59 N382.83 Level 2 N699.616.98 $11.00 N799.074.35 N6.029.12 N831.63 $43.078.834.292.129.610.665.619.91 -$1.665.693.978.848.09 $41.35 N774.833.35 N774.229.00 $109.203.26 N1.215.637.00 N2.388.30 $47.230. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 52 .93 Level 4 N2.149.557.20 Level 4 N2.36 N5.129.707.519.51 N1.650.98 Level 2 N699.536.84 Level 3 N6.765.637.546.229.129.36 N799.189.208.89 Funding Surplus (Deficit) in US $ Cumilative Funding Surplus (Deficit) in US $ $11.617.30 will be required at the end of the fourth year when most of the capital assets will be due for replacement.129.36 N799.388.66 N1.079.15 $42.558.392.469.62 Naira Cumilative Funding Surplus (Deficit) in Naira $833.740.794.388.08 E F The analysis also shows that with the exception of level 1.35 N774.323.083.575.197.30 N5.677.587.58 Exchange Rate Inflow in US $ S/N N129.400.00 N109.149.765.930.707.00 N1.773.00 N774.35 $4.04 $106.615.00 $62.765.257.998.523.546.777.610.00 1 2 OUT-FLOWS Capital Expenses Yr1 Capital Expenses Yr4 @ 10 increase Total Outflow in Naira N793.00 Level 6 N2.276.866.00 N13.80 $463.391.19 -N151.510.957.54 Level 1 N100.029.570.340.870.035.60 N56.59 N382.464.761.00 Subscription N63.880.952.917.553.643.013.36 N799.58 Level 5 N2.23 N719.014.545.878.357.362.521.952.761.575.985.952.88 N562.00 N0.386.650.108.80 N211.00 $8.027.00 N382.526.560.960.203.382.20 Level 6 N2.628.546.227.666.455.00 N719.911.65 N0.631.922.755.620.23 N719.927.464.259.23 N8.468.00 N5.13 $46.77 Funds from Operations Year 1 Funds from Operations Year 2 Funds from Operations Year 3 Funds from Operations Year 4 Total Inflow Yr 0-4 in Naira N0.318.943.049.203.492. The statement is also based on assumptions shown later in this chapter.129.83 $7.23 N719.610.665.181.690.366.382.00 N2.516.834.441.860.42 N3.127.49 N0.049.666.627.566.51 N67.62 N107.029.25 N5.010.240.59 N1.776.810.519.964.468.596.04 Level 1 N100.66 Contingency N755.00 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 INFLOW PRE-START-UP Government/ Donor Funding N57.00 N7.695.57 $20.97 N63.230.660.57 $12.797.32 $3.00 N1.469.208.013.382.865.707.77 N391.07 -$3.950.464.707.71 -N1.227.400.570.575.996.759.307.572.00 N769.564.66 N1.129.247.385.616.761.259.210.60 N63.415.446.637.66 N14.630.961.149.14 N0.937.51 N67.660.675.06 N415.029.961.388.900.00 N21.409.66 N1.87 indicated above.00 N2.665.908.59 N382.158.454.546.876.149.891.00 Outflow in US $ Funding Surplus (Deficit) in -N793.64 N1.186.747.464.00 $0.993.910.754.468.929.784.025.098.860. an additional external funding requirement.00 N2.791.00 N349.666.46 VLC N51.834.249.14 N59.34 N0.630.755.794.174.04 Level 3 N6.00 N958.77 for Capital Expenditure Government/ Donor Funding for Recurrent Expenditure Funds from Operations Year 0 -N57.908.468.114.Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Cash Flow over 5 Years D S/N The consolidated cash flow statement for each level covering years 0 to4 is analysed below.745.607.25 $38.00 N405.

340.00 buys US$1. should be set aside for user training and awareness ASSUMPTIONS S/n Category Input PC 2 20 12 9 5 2 1 Min Number of User PC 5 400 240 180 100 10 2 Income per Institutio n Average User population n/a # in category 1 20 35 50 200 135 59 500 # in category 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 VLC Office Level 6 Level 5 Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 TOTAL Category VLC Office Level 6 Level 5 Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 TOTAL Description of Institution VLC Office Level 6 Level 5 Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 TOTAL USERS 20.000 5.450 21.000 420. Funding for capital expenditure in year 0 and recurrent expenditure for the take-off year will be sourced from government and donor agencies There will be a capital asset replacement expenditure at the end of the fourth year at 10% above the initial cost at Year 0.000 500 50 Total User population 1 20 35 50 200 135 59 15 400.620 177 49.000 1.007.000 12.000 1.000 450.000 9.000 5.450 All expenditures are paid in cash each year with no accrued expenses carried over from year to year Revenue will be fully realised in cash each year.00 Donor management N358.357. and the Virtual Library Consortium.000.Budget Assumptions Official Exchange Rate Used: N129.000 67.820 9.000 12.58 and administrative overheads are set at 3% or 25% of the total recurrent budget at each node.474 1 20 35 50 200 135 59 500 S/n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 # HEI in catego ry Average User population 15 20.500 2.000 9. .400 8.950 2.000 500 50 S/n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Input PC 2 20 12 9 5 2 1 Min Number of User PC 5 400 240 180 100 10 2 Total PC 7 8.

153.000.00 Consortium Board: One 2 day meeting Search and Appointment of VLC 250 N102.00 N500.769.77 N442.000.Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Capital Budget Details Start-up Activities & Mobilisation of Stakeholders S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Start-up Qty Unit Cost Start-up activities & Mobilization of Stakeholders Full Page Adverts 6 N140.000.000.000.3 National meetings 100 persons each Search and Appointment of start-up 1 N500.000.000.000.31 Letters & Postage 100 N2.00 Coordinator .23 N7.00 N57.000.815.00 N430.615.000 N2.62 N242.06 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 54 .00 N500.230.000.692.000.77 N5.000.00 N25.23 Task Force Consultants 5 N1.846.00 Consortium (VLC): Legal & Reg Fees Task Force Coordinator 1 N430.31 One 2 Day Meeting 100 N58.153.15 N527.087.230.00 TV Adverts 4 N538.384.00 N100.00 staff for the VLC coordinating secretariat Total Start-up Costs in Naira Exchange Rate N129.85 Documents and reports 150 N1.000.461.000.000.000.000.00 Total Start-up costs in US $ Total Cost N840.769.0 0 Appointment of Virtual Library 250 N44.00 Feasibility Study Document Development of Memorandum of 1 N150.029.00 Registration of the Virtual Library 1 N500.692.31 N269.400.69 N2.54 Radio Adverts 14 N37.00 N11.692.000.000.00 N150.00 Understanding and Legal Instruments Copies of MOU Drafts 400 N250.307.000.00 N2.38 Printing and wide circulation of 1.500.

00 N88.00 N2.00 N21.000. 15" CRT 2 .000.500.00 N50.00 N22.00 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2 1 1 1 15 1 1 15 1 1 N65. pliers. 3 core Armoured cabling and installation accessories + installation + Staff Training: Generator usage & general care Rental of VLC Office for 5 years Refurbishment of VLC Office Furnishing of VLC Office SOFTWARE On-line database management system that will collate.500.750.500.00 N22.00 N10. LINUX Server OS.4m C-Band VSAT Dish and connection equipment up to Server 1. Processor Dual Upgradeable.000.00 Total Cost N6.44 FDD.00 N142.000.00 N1.00 N50. research information reinforce the Union Catalogue Electronic Payment Systems coordination and billing software Greenstone information archival Software CDSISIS Library Automation Software Intranet development tools LINUX Server OS configured for Web and e-mail hosting and bundled with Star Office suite Qty 1 2 1 Unit Cost N6.720.000.500. Intel Xeon PIII 833-900 GHZ 512KB Cache.000.375.00 Free Free N125.000.000.000.00 N9.000.000.000.00 N1.00 N75.000.000. et al) 24 25 26 27 28 29 1 1 1 1 2 3 N88.750. relevant connectors & drivers Portable Projector with connectors & drivers Projector Cloth Screen Earthmate portable GPS receiver connectors & drivers LAN Media cable tester 65 Pcs Computer Service Toolkit (Screw drivers. auto-focus.00 9 10 11 12 C HARDWARE: Document Processing Server.000.00 N1.000.00 N15. cut-over switch.4 Kva Online UPS Hardware Firewall Website Registration Server Rack of 4u that will carry a minimum of 5 devices Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries 2 N2. Raid 5 Controller. Keyboard with trackball.520.375.00 N10.00 .000.00 N30.000.000. Internal 12/24GB DAT Drive.00 N1.000. 600W Speakers.500.080.00 N150.000.000.00 N22.00 N1.000.00 N500.00 N4. Hot swap HDD cage to accommodate Seven HDD.00 N77. **NOTE** 1-The Servers will be mirrored. chip extractor.500. 12 Hour fuel tank capacity.00 N77.000.00 B 4 5 6 7 8 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N2.000. 1.000.00 N22.000.080.000.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure Digital Camera with Flash.Tone Monitor.500.00 N130.000.000.000.500 VA UPS. 1. Five 72.00 N2.240.VLC Office Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 VLC Office Capital Costs PREMISES Four wheel drive vehicle Utility Vehicle 150 Kva Generator with silencer.00 N150. duplexed & stripped. Full tower high -end case.00 N40.00 N21.00 N10.000.000.00 N650.00 N243.520. Ultra 160 Single channel SCSI Controller.000.00 N15. 2-They should be rack mountable.00 N75.40 N12.500. 4GB MEMORY.000.000.8GB SCSI HARD DRIVE.00 N243.398.40 N24.398.00 N600.00 N2.000.00 N500.000. Optical Mouse. SERVER: Intel Xeon Clear Water Server Motherboard with.00 Free Free N125.000.00 2.000.000. Two 10/100 TX UTP Fast Ethernet Controllers.000.000.000.500.000.000.000. Full tower with space for more HDDs 1. SCSI Controller Xeon Chipset.00 N12.000.00 N650. DVD ROM.000.00 N5. cross-reference.000.00 N1.000.

00 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 56 .00 N100.000.010.00 N25. 40GB Hardisk.000.00 N1.00 N82. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.00 N23.000.00 N1.000.00 N225.000.00 N21.Chapter 6 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 Multi-system Video (with S-Video Interface) & 21" minimum TV System for Tutorials etc Photocopier A3/A4 Size with stand Binding Machine External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers Flip Charts Rapido Aluminium Black Board Aluminium edged Tack Boards Aluminium edged Notice Boards SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .400.00 N0.200.760.40 N275. Full Multimedia.00 N45.00 N45.00 N11.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor.built HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) R45Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier. 8x AGP in built Display.200.00 N225.000.00 N4.000. Pentium IV Motherboard.500. Optical Mouse.11 N129. 3 PCI Slots.229. Screws.000.800.00 N40.00 N9.00 N45.000.00 N195.00 N2.500.000.00 N19.000.00 N190.00 N225.000. 1.00 N25.00 N45.000.00 N22.500.000.00 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 5 3 20 1 1 20 8 N55.00 N200.000. Mini Tower Casing with 230W Power Supply. & be of Category 5+. 15" Flat Screen Colour LCD Monitor.200.00 N800.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .000.000.500.500.000. Fisher Hooks.00 N27.500. Window XP Professional with License. Temperature Control.00 N9.000.00 N19.800.124.000.00 N1.00 N100.00 N65. Un-shielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 25 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors. 512 MB memory.500.500. 2 USB ports.400.00 N1.798.500. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre. PS2 Keyboard with Naira Sign.00 N1.20 N51.000. 56K fax modem. 256KB Cache Memory.00 N16.00 N102.00 N450.500.00 N234.00 N12. 10/100NIC.387.00 N22. sealing tape etc LAN Installation USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation.00 N20.00 N195. or other designated area. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive. 2 cooling fans. electrical tape.00 N300.000.000.00 N200.00 N125.000. 600W Speakers.000.00 N8.00 N35.6 0 N397.00 N21.200.600.00 N71.000. Poly-filler.00 N440. Wall hung Aluminium.00 47 48 49 50 D 51 30 5 1 1 8 N320.00 N76.000. 1.600.44MB Floppy drive.000.000. WebCam.00 N380.00 N35. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total VLC Office Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total VLC Office capital costs in US $ 1 2 1 5 5 10 10 5 1 4 15 1 15 15 60 30 1 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N100.000.00 N356.

400.00 N1. duplexed & stripped.4m C-Band VSAT Dish and connection equipment up to Server 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 ISM Radio base-station with antenna and accssories HP 8550DN Colour.00 N186.000.800. & be of Category 5+. Ultra 160 Single channel SC 1.00 N2.000.00 N890.00 N243.00 N40.00 N100.00 N1.000. 512CDs.00 N300.00 N130.000.250.500.00 N35.00 N15.00 N142.00 N35.000.00 N45.680. auto-focus.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress. Two 10/100 TX UTP Fast Ethernet Controllers. Full tower high -end case.00 N9.000.000.00 N25.00 2.00 N320.000.00 N1. Unshielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 1 3 5 10 60 246 1 246 246 984 492 1 N25.980.00 N20. 5 Disc Changers Website Registration Server Rack of 4u that will carry a minimum of 5 devices Solar panels or other energy back up systems or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries 1 N2.00 N21.000. 8 Bay RACK.00 N150. Intel Xeon PIII 833-900 GHZ 512KB Cache.750. SCSI Controller Xeon Chipset.250.00 31 32 738 492 N210. Wall hung Aluminium.500.00 N24.960.00 N2.080.00 N22. 10/100. Duplexing Laser Printer HP 6390C: Colour Scanner with Sheet Feeder 1.900. Processor Dual Upgradeable.000.00 .00 N50.00 N22.000.500.00 N71.440.000.00 N243. CD-R and CD/DVD ROM.00 N264.240.00 N50.250.000.Level 6 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 B Level 5 Capital Costs Qty Unit Cost Total Cost SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software 1 Free Free CDSISIS Library Automation Software 1 Free Free LINUX Server OS configured for Web and e-mail 1 N15.00 N77.00 N77.00 N200.000.000.000.000. 256MB.000. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.000.000.00 N150. Ethernet Network.200.000.00 N2.000.000.00 N442.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure 10 Kva Stabiliser Digital Camera with Flash.00 N19.140.000.4 Kva Online UPS Hardware Firewall Super CD-R 512-Platinium.00 N600. 2-They should be rack mountable.00 N88.900.00 N45.00 N157.500.500.000.00 N154. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .750.500.000.375.00 N73. or other designated area.00 N1.000.00 N1.000.750.000.00 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 2 1 1 1 1 15 1 1 15 1 1 1 3 1 N65.375.000. SERVER: Intel Xeon Clear Water Server Motherboard with.00 N890.00 N2.000.000.000.800.00 hosting and bundled with Star Office suite HARDWARE: Document Processing Server.00 N356.00 N21.600. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre.00 N357.000.800.00 N119. A3.00 N380.00 N1.00 N19.400. **NOTE** 1-The Servers will be mirrored.

30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ 5 1 1 15 240 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N440.500.00 N2.000. 40GB Hard Disk Drive.593.40 N129. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive.00 N22.00 N3. Pentium IV.00 N326.00 N1.00 N225.00 N95. 256KB Cache Memory.00 N21.000.000.00 N65.00 N12. VideoCam included.800.000. electrical tape. 512 MB memory.00 N45.000.000. Pentium IV Motherboard.00 N40. Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) R45Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier.000. Screws.00 N5. Fisher Hooks.200.00 N9. 1. & consumables USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation. 52X CD-ROM Drive. 40GB Hardisk.225.200.000.00 E 38 12 N125.000. sealing tape etc LAN Installation Computer & LAN accessories.000.00 N675.196.Chapter 6 33 34 35 36 37 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors. 8x AGP in built Display.700. Poly-filler.00 N24.00 N0. 3 PCI Slots.00 N22.489.44MB Floppy drive.000.000.00 N45.000.000.171. 256MB RAM.00 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 5 5 600 1 1 600 252 N55.500.70 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 58 . 10/100 Mbps Network Card.000.00 N45.built Digitisation Workstation.798.1GHz.00 N22. 56K fax modem.00 N225.500.000.80 $570.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor. 10/100NIC.000. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .000.00 N275. 14" LCD Monitor. 1.500.80 N73.000.00 N21.

Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress.00 . **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre.00 N2. duplexed & stripped.800.000.00 N2. Two 10/100 TX UTP Fast Ethernet Controllers. SERVER: Intel Xeon Clear Water Server Motherboard with.000.00 N150.00 N1.00 N243.00 N88.900.000.000.00 N243.00 N20.00 N1.240.00 N1.00 N1. 512CDs.000.750.00 N119.000. Wall hung Aluminium. Full tower high -end case. 256MB.00 N24.000.000.000. SCSI Controller Xeon Chipset.800. Duplexing Laser Printer HP 6390C: Colour Scanner with Sheet Feeder 1. A3.000.500.000.00 N357.Level 5 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 B Level 5 Capital Costs Qty Unit Cost Total Cost SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software 1 Free Free CDSISIS Library Automation Software 1 Free Free LINUX Server OS configured for Web and e-mail 1 N15.000. **NOTE** 1-The Servers will be mirrored.00 N45.375.00 N356.750.00 hosting and bundled with Star Office suite HARDWARE: Document Processing Server.000.00 N22.000.00 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 2 1 1 1 1 15 1 1 15 1 1 1 3 1 N65.250.00 N100.000. Unshielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 1 3 5 10 60 246 1 246 246 984 492 1 N25.000.000.00 N77.00 N1.000.00 N25.140.000.00 N154.250.00 N890.00 N300.000.000. Ultra 160 Single channel SC 1.000.000.00 N380.000.00 31 32 738 492 N210.500. CD-R and CD/DVD ROM.4m C-Band VSAT Dish and connection equipment up to Server 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 ISM Radio base-station with antenna and accssories HP 8550DN Colour.00 N77.500.00 N130.00 N71.000.400. Ethernet Network.00 N73.00 N45. Processor Dual Upgradeable.000.000.00 N200.800.375.00 N150.250.00 N21.00 N50.680.000.000.00 N142.00 N600. 10/100.00 N264.500.960.00 N50.600.00 2.00 N9.00 N320.00 N157.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure 10 Kva Stabiliser Digital Camera with Flash. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .000.440.500. or other designated area.750.000.00 N21.400.000.00 N35.00 N890.500.00 N2. Intel Xeon PIII 833-900 GHZ 512KB Cache. auto-focus.200.00 N442.00 N35.00 N2.00 N22.000.900. 2-They should be rack mountable.00 N40.00 N186.000.080. 5 Disc Changers Website Registration Server Rack of 4u that will carry a minimum of 5 devices Solar panels or other energy back up systems or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries 1 N2. 8 Bay RACK.00 N15. & be of Category 5+.00 N19.980.00 N1.4 Kva Online UPS Hardware Firewall Super CD-R 512-Platinium.00 N19.

00 N45.000.80 N73.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor.200. 256KB Cache Memory. Poly-filler.44MB Floppy drive.000.000.00 N225.000.000.489.500.000.1GHz.000. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ 5 1 1 15 240 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N440.593.000.000.00 N21.00 N65.000. 10/100 Mbps Network Card.00 N1.500. sealing tape etc LAN Installation Computer & LAN accessories. 56K fax modem.00 N45.00 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 5 5 600 1 1 600 252 N55.000.00 N675.00 N5. 1. Fisher Hooks. 40GB Hard Disk Drive.00 N0.00 N95.00 N326. 14" LCD Monitor.00 N24. & consumables USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation. 40GB Hardisk.00 N225.00 N275.00 N21.798. 1.000.00 E 38 12 N125.00 N3.200. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .225. 10/100NIC.40 N129.000. Screws. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive.00 N2.Chapter 6 33 34 35 36 37 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors.000.700. 256MB RAM.196.000. electrical tape. VideoCam included. Pentium IV Motherboard.00 N22. Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) R45Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier.000.500.70 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 60 .800.000.00 N40.00 N45.built Digitisation Workstation. 8x AGP in built Display. 52X CD-ROM Drive. 3 PCI Slots.00 N12.171.000.80 $570.500.00 N22.000. Pentium IV.00 N22.00 N9. 512 MB memory.

00 N35.00 N45.00 Total Cost 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 1 1 1 1 15 1 1 15 1 1 1 N65.000. CD-R and CD/DVD ROM.00 N45.Level 4 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 B 4 Level 4 Capital Costs SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software CDSISIS Library Automation Software LINUX Server OS configured for Web and e-mail hosting and bundled with Star Office suite HARDWARE: SERVER: Intel Xeon Clear Water Server Motherboard with.360.000.00 N225.000.600.750. sealing tape etc LAN Installation Computer & LAN accessories.00 N50.500.880.250.000.00 N71.500.00 N2.000.200.00 N117.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure Digital Camera with Flash.00 N142.00 N50.00 N1.180.00 N77.00 N21. & be of Category 5+.800.000. Ultra 160 Single channel SC 1.080.250.00 N50.00 N19.00 N119. auto-focus.800.500.00 N380.00 N1. 256MB Website Registration Server Rack of 4u that will carry a minimum of 5 devices Solar panels or other energy back up systems or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries ISM Radio remote-station with antenna and accssories HP 6390C: Colour Scanner with Sheet Feeder 1. Intel Xeon PIII 833-900 GHZ 512KB Cache.00 N243.000.000.00 Free Free N15.00 N2.800.00 N200.000.375.00 N874.500.000. Unshielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors.00 N14.000. 140CDs.000.200.040.00 N9.375.00 N35.00 N21. 10/100.00 N0.00 N141.000.00 N100.00 N50.00 N45.080.00 N88.750. Wall hung Aluminium. 8 Bay RACK. Screws.00 N18. & consumables USER WORKSTATIONS Qty 1 1 1 1 Unit Cost Free Free N15.00 N440.500.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress.00 N225. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre.00 N1. Poly-filler.00 N130.00 N119.00 28 29 30 31 32 33 E 558 372 5 1 1 15 N210.000.00 N45.00 .500.000. electrical tape.000.00 N22.000. SCSI Controller Xeon Chipset.210.4 Kva Online UPS Software Firewall Super CD-R 140-Platinium.000. or other designated area.000.00 N300.00 N22.00 N40.00 N320. Two 10/100 TX UTP Fast Ethernet Controllers.000.00 N243.00 N45.00 N250.000.00 N675.000.00 N334.00 N119.00 N1.000.00 N20.000.000. Full tower high -end case.000.000. Fisher Hooks.000.00 N250.000. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.00 N600.00 N356.00 N77.00 N55. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .000.00 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 1 5 8 46 186 1 186 186 744 372 1 N88.000. Processor Dual Upgradeable.210.00 N2.600.000.000.

000. 56K fax modem.11 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 62 . 40GB Hard Disk Drive.00 N21.00 N550.000. 10/100NIC.44MB Floppy drive.00 N40.000.40 N129.1GHz.897.275. 1. 3 PCI Slots.000.517.000.418.000. 40GB Hardisk. Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier.60 $414.000.000. 256KB Cache Memory.000.500.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ 180 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N95.00 35 9 N125.00 N2.00 N65.212.00 N326.60 N53.00 N18. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .00 N9.00 N22.500.00 N1. 512 MB memory.125.500.00 N21.100.00 N22. 1. Pentium IV Motherboard. 8x AGP in built Display.000.00 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 10 5 450 1 1 450 189 N55.000. 256MB RAM. 14" LCD Monitor.00 N12. Pentium IV.00 N4.862. 52X CD-ROM Drive.built Digitisation Workstation.000.00 N17.798. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive.000.Chapter 6 34 User Workstation. 10/100 Mbps Network Card.200. VideoCam included.

00 N380.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure Digital Camera with Flash.000.000.00 N190.00 N1.00 N119.00 N50. electrical tape.00 N20.00 N50. Pentium IV.00 N800.000.080.00 N66. 10/100 Mbps Network Card.500.00 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 318 212 5 1 1 15 100 N210.00 N200.000.000.00 N67.00 N31.built Qty 1 1 1 1 1 Unit Cost Free Free N15.Level 3 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 B 5 Level 3 Capital Costs SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software CDSISIS Library Automation Software LINUX Server OS configured for Web and e-mail hosting and bundled with Star Office suite Software Firewall HARDWARE: SERVER: Intel Xeon Clear Water Server Motherboard with.500. or other designated area. 140CDs. & consumables USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation.210. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .00 N440.00 N50. 40GB Hard Disk Drive.00 N119.00 N225.750.00 N71.00 N675. sealing tape etc LAN Installation Computer & LAN accessories.00 N2.000.00 E .750.00 N494.375.000.000.00 N243.000.000.000.1GHz.000.00 N50.00 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 1 5 4 26 106 1 106 106 424 212 1 N88.00 N142.00 N77.780.00 N45.00 N2.800.200. 14" LCD Monitor.00 N100. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in . 10/100.250.000.00 N0.000.080.00 N45.00 N600.480. 52X CD-ROM Drive.4 Kva Online UPS Super CD-R 140-Platinium. Two 10/100 TX UTP Fast Ethernet Controllers.00 N22. 256MB Website Registration Server Rack of 4u that will carry a minimum of 5 devices Solar panels or other energy back up systems or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries ISM Radio remote-station with antenna and accssories HP 6390C: Colour Scanner with Sheet Feeder 1. & be of Category 5+.210.000.250.00 N300.000.00 N45.00 N45.000.200.00 N10.500.500.560. Screws.000. 8 Bay RACK.00 N40.000.00 N356.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress. Intel Xeon PIII 833-900 GHZ 512KB Cache. Processor Dual Upgradeable. Fisher Hooks. auto-focus.00 N250.600. Ultra 160 Single channel SC 1.00 N65.00 N21.00 N88.00 N2.00 N9.00 N19. Un-shielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors. Full tower high -end case.000.000.000. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.500.800.00 N9.000.000.00 N95.500.00 N320. CDR and CD/DVD ROM.000. Poly-filler.00 N21.375. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre.000.00 N225.000.000.000.00 N250. 256MB RAM.00 Total Cost 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 1 1 1 15 1 1 15 1 1 1 N65.000.000.000.00 N35.00 N22.00 N45.000.00 N35.500. VideoCam included.00 N8.00 N243.00 Free Free N15.00 N80.000. SCSI Controller Xeon Chipset.00 N1. Wall hung Aluminium.00 N77.00 N1.000.840.800.

852.00 N326.36 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 64 . 10/100NIC.375.00 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 10 5 250 1 1 250 105 N55.00 N40.00 N625.000.669.00 N65.44MB Floppy drive.500.500. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive.343. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ 5 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N125.00 N22. Pentium IV Motherboard.00 N2.832. 512 MB memory.00 $254.00 N550.000.000. 8x AGP in built Display.200. 256KB Cache Memory.00 N21.000.347.000.00 N10.00 N22. 1.00 N1.000.00 N21.000.00 N9.00 N32.000.000.798.000.Chapter 6 35 Digitisation Workstation.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor. 56K fax modem.40 N129.00 N12.500. 40GB Hardisk. 1. Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier. 3 PCI Slots.000.

000.000.000.000.500. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 . 8x AGP in built Display.00 N77.built Digitisation Workstation.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure Digital Camera with Flash.000.080. Poly-filler.00 N2.00 26 2 N125. VideoCam included.000.200.00 N250.00 N380.000. 40GB Hardisk.00 N9. Unshielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 Trunking 25 x 38 Installation items: Electrical connectors. 1.500.00 Free Free Free N50.00 N45.000.000.000.500.00 N110.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress. electrical tape.00 N1.44MB Floppy drive.00 N11.00 N76. 512 MB memory. Screws.400.000.00 N0.00 N1.00 N22.00 N440. 256MB RAM.500. 3 PCI Slots. 10/100NIC.00 N119.00 N95.00 N45.00 N200.00 N45.00 N22.00 N225. auto-focus.00 Total Cost 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 5 1 4 15 1 15 15 60 30 1 N88.000.000.000.00 N45.00 N950.1GHz.00 N19.450.00 N320.00 N300.00 N35. & be of Category 5+.000.250.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor.200. Fisher Hooks.00 N225.00 N100. Pentium IV Motherboard. sealing tape etc LAN Installation Computer & LAN accessories.000.000. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre.400.800. 1.00 27 28 29 30 2 2 25 1 N55.00 N27.000.00 N88.00 N250.200. Wall hung Aluminium. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive.00 N45.00 N200. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room.080. Pentium IV. or other designated area.00 19 20 21 22 23 24 E 25 45 30 5 1 1 15 10 N210.200.000.000.00 N1. & consumables USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation.00 N675.000.00 N65.Level 2 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 B 4 5 6 7 Level 2 Capital Costs SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software CDSISIS Library Automation Software Software Firewall HARDWARE: Website Registration ISM Radio remote-station with antenna and accssories HP 6390C: Colour Scanner with Sheet Feeder 1.000.500. 10/100 Mbps Network Card.000.000.00 . Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) G85Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier.000.00 N4.500.000.250. 14" LCD Monitor.00 N119. 256KB Cache Memory.000.000.00 N35.00 N250.00 N1. 56K fax modem. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .00 N71.00 N77. 40GB Hard Disk Drive.00 N20. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Qty 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Unit Cost Free Free Free N50.00 N130.00 N40.00 N356.00 N9.600.000. 52X CD-ROM Drive.

580.40 N129.80 N5.000.183.00 N237.42 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 66 .500.798.00 N12.80 $40.Chapter 6 31 32 33 Module connector Heavy duty batteries Norton System Works 2000: Antivirus & system software maintenance tools Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ 1 25 12 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS N21.00 N21.000.00 N153.500.660.00 N9.183.

350.000. 256MB RAM.500.00 N22.219.00 N88.00 N4.000.00 N4.built Digitisation Workstation.500.600.00 N65.00 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1 1 1 1 7 1 7 7 28 14 1 N88.000.000.00 N21.00 N77. Pentium IV Motherboard.00 N45.00 N200.1GHz.00 N560.480.00 N9.00 N1.200.00 N12.000.00 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 1 1 5 1 1 5 12 N55.00 N22.000. 10/100NIC. Fisher Hooks.200.00 N55. 14" LCD Monitor.00 N300.00 N250.000.00 N35.000.000. Wall hung Aluminium. 40GB Hardisk.00 N43.600.00 22 1 N125.77 . Mini To HP5110TN or other HP equivalent multifunction 4 in one Printer/ Scanner/ Copier/ Fax Hewlett Packard (HP) R45Colour Inkjet Printer/ Scanner/ Copier.00 N320.00 N35. Bundled with: 650VA UPS with AVR Surge Protector in .00 N200.00 N700.800.000.00 N65. auto-focus.00 N0.00 N190.00 N71.000.000.200.00 N200.00 N45. 30 page automatic feeder Solar panels or other energy back up systems Charge regulator Module connector Heavy duty batteries Antivirus monthly updates Total Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total capital costs in US $ Qty 1 1 1 1 1 1 Unit Cost Free Free Free N75.00 N19.000. 512 MB memory. electrical tape. 1.00 N380.00 N250.RJ 45 fly lead 1m Patch cable RJ45 Heads as needed for each system Double 13A Socket Outlet with Patress.00 N100.44MB Floppy drive.000. 8x AGP in built Display.00 N45.500.00 N20.320.500. 3 PCI Slots.8GHZ Intel 845G Chipset Processor.100. 52X CD-Read/ Write Drive. 40GB Hard Disk Drive.00 N40.000.410. VideoCam included.00 N21. Pentium IV.00 N5.00 N45.00 Total Cost Free Free Free N75. Un-shielded Twisted Pair Trunking 16 x 16 Trunking 16 x 25 Installation items: Electrical connectors.00 N71.00 N19.4 KVa On-line rack UPS with 9 pin RS232 interface cable to Server & appropriate software for auto shutdown of system in event of extended power failure Digital Camera with Flash.200.200.000. 10/100 Mbps Network Card.000.00 18 19 20 E 21 14 1 N210.00 21 2 N95.000. 256KB Cache Memory.00 N129. Screws. & be of Category 5+.500.00 N77. Poly-filler.00 $13.00 N2.705.00 N3. 56K fax modem. relevant connectors & drivers External DVD Writer with connectors & drivers SWITCH: Dual 10/100 speed 24 Port Ethernet UTP Data Cable Category 5+ or better (Roll/Box) RJ 45 Double Wall Jack Category 5 with back box 48 Port Data Patch Panel Category 5 3m RJ 45 .000.000.080. sealing tape etc USER WORKSTATIONS User Workstation.080.000. **NOTE** The data cabling must be extended to all points in the centre. or other designated area.000. Termination Closet (TC) which will be placed un-obtrusively in the secretaries work room. 52X CD-ROM Drive. 1.500.000.00 N47.000.00 N1.00 N125.Level 1 Capital Costs S/N A 1 2 3 B 4 5 6 Level 1 Capital Costs SOFTWARE Greenstone information archival Software CDSISIS Library Automation Software Software Firewall HARDWARE: Website Registration & hosting ISM Radio remote-station with antenna and accssories 1.

00 N5.00 N2.000.00 N70.00 N25.00 N1.00 N25.00 N120.000.00 N300.00 N675.00 N0.000.800.00 N15.00 N1.00 N50.00 Total Cost N112.00 N150.00 N2.000.27 N28.000.000.00 N1.00 N85.00 N500.800.280.00 N0.000.000.000.800.00 N800.000.00 N1.00 N70.229.000.000.333.000.00 N10.515.00 N120.00 N10.00 N503.00 N15.500. Venue & snacks 4 Visits with Donor Agencies Estacode for 3 Persons for 6 Days 2 Flight Ticket for 3 Persons 2 Number of visits to International donors 5 VL site visits 50 VLC Centre Staff salaries VLC Coordinator 12 VLC Coordinator .000.00 N675.00 N51.500.000.800.200.00 N120.500.00 N0.000.00 N5.00 N150.000.333.000.00 N250.000.00 N25.000.800.000.000.000 per Megabit per month Lease of 64 K Duplex Satellite Channel 1 estimated per year Lease of 128 K Duplex Satellite Channel 0 estimated per year Lease of 256 K Duplex Satellite Channel 0 estimated per year for estimated 100 users Lease of 512 K Duplex Satellite Channel 0 estimated per year Lease of 1024 K Duplex Satellite Channel 0 estimated per year Equipment maintenance 2.00 N1.000.000.000.000.100.00 N150.000.725.00 N1.000.000.00 N250.000.800.Furnishing 1 Head of Operations 12 Head of User Training.000.000.33 N6.020.60 N2.00 N5.000.00 N100.00 N1.000.000.500.00 N840.000.Rotates sites VLC per diem. Manpower Development & 12 Outreach Officer: Administration & Finance 12 Personal Assistant to Coordinator 12 Coordinator Driver 12 Pool Driver 12 Professioal cleaning services 12 Professioal Security services 12 Four wheel drive vehicle insurance pa 1 Four wheel drive vehicle maintenance 12 Four wheel drive vehicle fuel 12 Utility vehicle insurance pa 1 Utility vehicle maintenance 12 Utility vehicle fuel 12 Generator maintenance 12 Unit Cost N7.00 N150.00 N650.400.000. Manpower Development 12 & Outreach Head of Administration & Finance 12 Officer: Operations 12 Officer: Training.00 N5. transport.000.500.00 N650.000.00 N25.00 N2.750.500.00 N202.333.00 N2.00 N500.800.000.00 Page 68 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .000.500.00 N500.000.000.00 N0.00 N10.000.000.000.00 N125.000.000.00 N13.000.00 N225.00 N2.00 N180.333.00 amoung VL N300.500.000.00 N9.00 N25.Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Recurrent Budget Details VLC Office Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 B 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 D 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 VLC Office Recurrent Costs Qty CONSUMABLES Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour & B/W 15 Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) HP5110TN Toner 15 Boxes of A4 Copy Paper 50 Boxes of A3 Copy Paper 10 Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 30 Photocopier A3/A4 Size Toner 12 Binding Machine consumables 1000 Blank DVD-CD's 50 Blank CDR-CD's 50 Flip Charts refills 20 Rapido Black Board markers 20 SATELLITE SPACE SEGMENT SUBSCRIPTION Estimate: $6.00 N1.00 N42.000.000.350.000.000.500.00 N6.000.010.00 N52.000.000.000.00 N2.Housing 1 VLC Coordinator .50% Antivirus monthly updates 12 In-Country Quarterly Coordination Meetings .00 N6.000.000.00 N840.00 N1.00 N7.700.000.000.00 N3.33 N500.00 N1.00 N250.000.500.250.00 N24.00 N150.000.00 N10.400.00 N750.00 N180.

341.000.078.00 N1.340.60 $415.000.155.00 N6.600.00 129 N120.00 N1.358.00 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 EBSCO Country-wide access for 2003 (2002 already paid) Blackwell Publishers Country-wide access Cochrane Library Country-wide access Category C: Document Delivery Services British Library Ariel software African Journals Online (AJOL) BBC Monitoring Licence: BBC Monitoring of radio.000.640.74 Content Subscriptions S/N A 1 Content Subscriptions Country-wide licences INASP: COUNTRY WIDE LICENCES Category A: Current Awareness Services: British Library ‘Inside Web’ initial registration Category B: Electronic Journals Databases: Qty Unit Cost Total Cost 1 N4. Internet and news agency reports from over 3.665. newspaper.00 N32.078.000.00% N6.00 N32.765.000.000.0 0 N1.093.721.000.00 N5. television.00 N1.00 N4.644.617.000.721.00 N63.000.757.000.155.600.000.00 N215.87 .000.00 N215.00 N8.390.093.45 Generator fuel Total VLC Office Capital Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total VLC Office capital costs in US $ 12 N10.00 N1.00 N3.952.00 B C D 1 15.000.00 N53.617.847.640.860.340.000.00 N3.00 129 $495.000.00 N1.390.000.000 sources in over 150 countries and translated from over 100 languages made available as full text Other Country-wide Content subscriptions VLC Content Subscriptions Administative Charges Total Content Subscriptions in Naira Exchange Rate Total VLC Office capital costs in US $ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N5.860.

268.117.212.500.00 N500.000 12.00 N500.337.00 N13.00 N327.60 N56.000.00 N8.000.985.84 Level 4 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 B 7 8 9 10 11 Level 4 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 30 15 50 10 30 50 50 9.83 N1.00 N2.928.500.000.00 N1.000.Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Level 6 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B 8 9 10 11 12 Level 6 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES HP 8550DN Colour Toner Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 10 15 15 50 10 30 50 50 20.750.00 N24.500.00 N12.56 N27.500.97 Level 5 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B 8 9 10 11 12 Level 5 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES HP 8550DN Colour Toner Hewlett Packard (HP) R45 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 10 15 15 50 10 30 50 50 12.13 $135.50% 12 Unit Cost N7.00 N2.500.750.00 N12.000 190 2.16 N5.000.500.500.00 N800.00 Total Cost N400.00 N77.899.700.00 N125.282.000.00 N112.56 N27.000.000.00 N77.485.831.00 N125.00 N27.000.000.50% 12 Unit Cost N40.077.00 N800.00 N25.32 N680.00 N12.130.000 9.00 N7.500.00 N112.500.433.00 N2.488.000.56 N27.000.500.400.00 N53.710.84 N42.000 422 2.500.93 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 70 .600.00 N245.394.00 N73.924.517.00 N250.00 N24.30 N907.35 $62.00 N129.000 20.829.500.500.00 N13.00 Total Cost N225.00 N7.000.00 N202.000 253 2.000.698.00 N250.769.00 N202.32 N3.000.32 N3.927.00 N24.000.000.32 N3.930.00 N77.00 N25.00 N119.200.00 N800.88 N32.00 N27.00 N500.00 129 Total Cost N400.171.00 N2.00 N10.00 N125.500.00 N7.00 N27.00 N202.00 N7.000.500.593.000.500.512.54 N6.80 N75.000.00 N1.567.00 N7.00 N17.832.000.500.499.68 $84.00 N126.00 N129.00 N546.73 N71.50% 12 Unit Cost N40.500.500.750.57 N11.839.500.000.00 N13.419.00 N25.00 N250.

500.852.00 N202.000 106 2.21 $2.00 N136.168.00 Total Cost N60.00 N7.56 N27.00 N25.500.624.25 N178.500.00 N500.00 N6.00 N12.500.000.00 N2.00 N129.00 N812.64 N2.705.00 N62.800.50% 12 Unit Cost N7.500.500.08 $6.00 N0.600.200.000.000.93 N17.00 N27.00 N1.754.183.32 N3.00 N821.794.56 N27.32 N3.00 N7.06 N324.00 N12.250.000.000.500.00 N27.00 N13.500.885.40 Level 1 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Level 1 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES Hewlett Packard (HP) G85 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 8 8 15 0 15 25 25 50 50 3 2.32 N3.500.56 N27.500.00 N42.000.000.000.00 N800.236.00 N372.000.500.52 N43.00 N24.633.64 B 7 8 9 10 11 Level 2 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 B 8 9 10 11 12 Level 2 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES Hewlett Packard (HP) R45 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 8 8 25 5 15 25 25 500 500 12 2.75 N10.00 Total Cost N60.00 N129.50% 12 Unit Cost N7.228.80 N3.00 N32.00 N108.660.00 N13.00 N77.750.000.308.00 N12.00 N250.000.00 N1.366.49 B 8 9 10 11 12 .00 N900.000.500.500.000 5.500.00 N12.500.00 N500.00 N13.50% 12 Unit Cost N7.750.00 N800.296.00 N31.750.00 N125.00 N800.500.662.350.00 N4.00 Total Cost N112.000.820.00 N13.000.68 N378.00 N37.750.000.00 N250.500.862.49 N1.782.Level 3 Recurrent Costs S/N A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Level 3 Recurrent Costs CONSUMABLES Hewlett Packard (HP) R45 Colour & B/W Cartridges Hewlett Packard (HP) Black & White Toner Boxes of A4 Copy Paper Boxes of A3 Copy Paper Floppy Diskettes: Packet of 10 Blank DVD-CD's Blank CDR-CD's Subscriptions Content Subscriptions VLC Institutional Dues User bandwidth Cost per PC per annum Equipment maintenance Antivirus monthly updates Total Recurrent Costs in Nigerian Naira Exchange Rate Total Recurrent Costs in US $ Qty 15 15 50 10 30 50 50 5.347.250.591.000.25 $37.00 N38.00 N7.00 N108.500.00 N2.21 N81.00 N250.00 N5.00 N12.00 N129.00 N27.00 N500.00 N129.00 N2.00 N6.

Chapter 6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 72 .

CHAPTER 7 FUNDING AND SUSTAINABILITY .

Chapter 7 FUNDING & SUSTAINABILITY Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 74 .

Potential Sources of Funding and Technical Assistance: A Public Sector: I II Government Budget line.000 items online  .” The scanning and text entry work is undertaken in India and China. and currently has 10. the African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU). United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Nigeria with its English speaking academic community should endeavour to partner and benefit from this type of project. Proffer strategies to sustain and develop the Virtual Library. which holds government documents and older titles particularly those whose copyright has expired. CISCO.Aims and Objectives 1 2 Identify the sources of funds for the take-off of the Virtual Library. Government agencies and programs including but not limited to the Education Tax Fund (ETF). Ford. and the e-material is made available to US.”. Petroleum Development Technology Fund (PTDF). Donors lsuch as the MacArthur. Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list. which contains predominantly not copyrighted classics. Swedish International Development Agency (SWIDA). Federal and State Government special fund allocation.. “Project Gutenberg”. Initiatives Nigeria must strive to participate in include:  The Carnegie Mellon University with a grant from the US National Science Foundation has embarked on the “Million Book Project. Department for International Development (DFID). III B Donor Agencies and Civil Society: I II Multilateral agencies like agencies of the United Nations and the World Bank. Development agencies like Japan Funds in Trust. Gates. Niger Delta Development Corporation (NDDC) and the Ecological fund etc. Rockefeller. Soros. III III Initiatives that Nigeria must endeavour to partner with include:  “Million Book Project. Indian and Chinese academia. AT&T and Carnegie foundations.

Examples to consider include Amazon.com. They have addressed many of the technological. and as at mid 2003 it had over 120.000 titles available. copyright and marketing issues as they relate to generating sustainable profitability. Models based on the “book mobile” that captures internet signals and prints books on demand in any locality in the USA for about US$1 per book and over 100. with mainly children’s books written in the USA and Internationally. Civil Society bodies like the Open Society Institute. Private Investors Partners IV V D Stakeholders: I II III Membership fees Usage fees Rentals   IV Cyber cafés IP Telephony Charges for Consumables    Paper printouts CD-ROM production Diskette copies V Commissions on:  Copyright payment Page 76 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .Chapter 7 FUNDING & SUSTAINABILITY   V “International Children’s Digital Library”. the world’s largest on-line retailer. III Small Scale Enterprises.000 books. “Children’s Books online: The Rosetta Project” which include antique children’s books from around the world. C Private Sector: I II Private providers of Higher Educational Institutions Local and multinational companies. Education for Development and Democracy Initiative and The Partnership for Higher Education.  Amazon’s “Search inside the book” business model aims to build the world’s largest digital book archive. has developed and is implementing a business model that provides fully searchable text.

Corporate bodies will be a significant funding source. However. NGOs and their institutions and agencies that have specific Virtual Library content and staff development requirements that could be met by Virtual Library B C D II III . The “municipal” aspect of the bond is important as it focus on the grass root community around the node. comprising of the following sub-groups: I Corporate Image Enhancement: For these organisations the Virtual library provides an opportunity for 'giving back' to the community and therefore improving their image as good corporate citizens. Partnerships could be formed within the educational system as well as with all the potential sources of funding and technical assistance. Governments. Corporations. particularly in the absence of the required infrastructure and capacities as is the case in many of Nigeria’s Institutions of Higher Education. As is the case in most educational endeavours. The real dividends lie in the development of human capital.   Each node would thus be challenged to support and effectively market the bond. it is unlikely that the totality of the Virtual Library can be financially viable from a purely commercial perspective.  VI Website advertisement Related income generating activities Structure long-term debt instruments such as educational municipal bond. it is feasible for the private sector to participate in aspects of the Virtual Library. E Community: I II Usage fees Development levies F Non Virtual Library Consortium Libraries and Institutions I II Usage fees Donations 2 Evaluation of Options and Recommendations A A Virtual Library is capital intensive. Such involvement will contribute to the overall financing and sustainability of the Virtual Library. Business Development: For these entities participation provides an opportunity to showcase their products and services and also to begin to build life-long loyalty.

nongovernmental agencies. civil society and the private sector. Initiate contact with institutions that provide structured long-term development debt instruments such as the stock exchange. Establish a culture of preparation. donated or procured equipment for the nodes and Virtual Library Consortium should be identifiable. The tasks of fundraising and developing linkages should be definitively assigned. Identify banking partners Establish financial management and accountability procedures Identify and appoint project auditors Page 78 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . at each node and the Virtual Library Consortium. Management Arrangements 1 Accountability and transparency will be institutionalised at the nodes and the Virtual Library Consortium and supported by the appointment of External Auditors whose reports will be in the public domain. The management structure of the Virtual Library Consortium is enumerated in Chapter 3: Administration. E User and membership rates should be such that institutions and users appreciate the services and contribute to the sustainability of the Virtual Library. as appropriate. will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E F G H I J K Sensitise stakeholders and sectoral regulators Initiate contact with relevant government agencies. To facilitate monitoring and auditing activities. Initiate linkage with complementary projects and agencies. and technically supported. publishing and dissemination of audited accounts for the nodes and the consortium. financial and project management for nodal and consortium staff. Initiate contact with partner agencies including donors. 2 3 Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes. publishing and dissemination of annual reports of activities for the nodes and the consortium. Establish a culture of preparation.Chapter 7 FUNDING & SUSTAINABILITY Consortium members through partnerships and commissioned capacity-building projects and programs. Identify and plan training on fund raising.

L 2

Develop and implement cost recovery policies.

Medium-term: A B C D E F G H J Reviewing and adopting payment and related modalities. Conducting Institutional and consortium status review of financial needs and sustainability plans. Commencement of training on fund raising, financial and project management for nodal and consortium staff. Preparation, publishing and dissemination of annual reports of activities for the nodes and the consortium Preparation, publishing and dissemination of audited accounts for the nodes and the consortium Monitoring and evaluation Fundraising activities Broadening the Institutional and end user base Ongoing review and implementation of cost recovery policies from users and Higher Education Institutions

3

Long-term: A B C Expansion of fundraising activities Further developing public private sector partnership strategies to sustain and develop the Virtual Library Continuous monitoring and evaluation

Conclusion
1 Globally, educational Information Communication Technology projects such as the Virtual Library are expensive but developmentally profitable, without necessarily being financially profitable. This is because the real cost of not implementing the Virtual Library far outweigh their financial cost. Nigeria and her partners must invest in the Virtual Library and complementary activities to ensure that her manpower outputs become relevant the new social and economic realities. In the longer term, equipment costs represent not more than 10% of total Information Communication Technology projects’ cost, with 90% of the costs being expended on training technical staff and users. For Nigerian Higher Education Institutions, given their state of infrastructure and capacity, equipment costs are likely to be proportionally higher. The challenge for Nigeria therefore, consists of how to find investment funds for the take-off of the Virtual Library and how to sustain the

2

3

4

Chapter 7

FUNDING & SUSTAINABILITY

project and render it useful for the project to yield the developmental dividends. 5 Sustainability should be ensured first and foremost, through rational project planning, financing and implementation using appropriate scalable technology modules, and subsequently through consortium membership dues, user charges, reinvestments and partnerships with private and public sector agencies as well as civil society.

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CHAPTER 8

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

Phased implementation of the “big bang” approach enumerated above where institutions are selected based on criteria such as: the need for every user to move up one step from their present baseline. Gradual development/ phased implementation approach and its variants. III B Hybrid. readiness. II Modes of Virtual Library implementation I II III IV Full public sector Private sector driven Donor assisted Public/ Private Partnership 2 Evaluation of Options and Recommendations: A Modes of Implementation I Full scale “Big-bang” project approach. activity. age. This option assumes that all Higher Education Institutions are starting from the same level and all the funding. Combinations of the above approaches. availability of funds and geopolitical considerations. sub-sector. Technical Issues and Details 1 Options list A I Types of Implementation Full scale “Big-bang” project approach. and capacities required will be provided.Chapter 8 IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES Aims and Objectives 1 2 Provide an implementation schedule for the development of a Virtual Library for Institutions of Higher Education. Draw up a range of appropriate scalable implementation modules and strategies that various Institutions of Higher Education can adopt depending on their circumstances. infrastructure. Merits:    Immediate availability of all the required funds Immediate availability of Virtual Library resources for academic use Immediate political and administrative gratification and visibility Demerits: Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 82 .

Institutions grow at their own pace and as their capacities. particularly those with rare or specialised collections. . priorities. Merits:        It is scalable and organic using a gradual building block approach. can cause information gaps by failing to make their materials available. Does not allow for organic growth May not inherently enhance our domestic capability Is likely to be a drain on our foreign reserves    II Gradual development/ phased implementation approach. ability and capability Implementation mistakes are limited due to the inherent constant evaluation and self correction process It is transparent Encourages constructive competition between stakeholder institutions Digitisation of Institutions collections to grow at their own pace Demerits:   Full implementation will take longer to achieve Unresponsive institutions. Implementation delays could discourage funding sources. journals and other learning materials Higher Educational Institutions are at different start-up points with different missions. management abilities and funding allow Implementation progresses based on readiness. Possible inter and intra institutional bickering which may slow down the process   3 Priorities and issues: A B Higher Educational Institutions lack current and up to date books.  This strategy has the highest project risks because it encourages corruption It is wasteful of resources through sub-optimal utilisation of facilities and the likely failure to maintain and sustain the Virtual Library. needs and focus.

Chapter 8 IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES C D E F G H The need for Nigeria to be producer of content and not just a consumer of content. Development of a Virtual Library “How to manual” for the various technology options Higher Educational Institution in-house identification of needs and resources to be digitized Adoption and deployment of appropriate start-up process and standards by the Higher Educational Institutions Prioritisation of content to be developed and adoption of standards such as the union catalogue and other Virtual Library policies Prioritisation. research and community services Government is the major proprietor of Higher Educational Institutions and should be expected to be the major facilitator to the development of the Virtual Library. I J K 4 Critical tasks: A B C D E F G H I J Sensitisation and mobilisation such that Institutions take ownership of the process Higher Educational Formation of the Virtual Library Consortium and the appointment of the consortium coordinator Soliciting and securing public and private sector international and multilateral partnerships Securing funding and technical support from Government. The scale of national infrastructure deficit is daunting. teaching. other funding agencies and the private sector. industry and civil society has as much at stake as other sectors in the quality of output of the Higher Educational Institutions. The availability of electricity is a critical infrastructural issue The high cost of bandwidth limits services and access Nigeria lacks the required human capacity to immediately manage and utilise a full scale Virtual Library The major dividend to be expected from the Virtual Library is to improve the quality and standards of learning. Higher Educational Institutions should be encouraged to innovate and sustain innovations by raising their level of confidence in their ability to do so and manage their own processes. The private sector including business. Donors. procurement and sharing of content Capacity building and user education Page 84 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .

existing circumstances. This should be done in such a manner that every user and node moves up one step from their present baseline. existing technical circumstances. human resources and operational environment as mentioned in Chapter 2: Infrastructure and Connectivity. quantum and sophistication of technology deployed must conform to the needs of the user and Institution and be configured to meet the needs of the institutions’ users.K 5 Monitoring and evaluation Recommendations: A B Adopt a decentralised consortium management arrangement as enumerated in Chapter 3: Administration. It is more feasible to adopt the Gradual development/ phased implementation approach. evaluation. and not premised on the failed traditional phasing criteria. institution population size. values and capabilities while preserving our national heritage and collective memory. The Virtual Library Consortium should develop mechanisms for protecting content by minimising unnecessary duplication. such as the choosing of centres of excellence. The Virtual Library should be used as a vehicle to project our culture. Institute strategies to ensure continuous monitoring. A phased implementation strategy based on the premise that every user should move up one step beyond where they are as predicated on their current circumstances and situations. administration. Institutions must be encouraged to partner with private sector Cyber-cafes. political or other criteria that lend themselves to abuse. political or other criteria that lend themselves to abuse. institution population size. while maximising resource sharing as discussed in Chapter 1 on Content. rather than failed phasing approaches like the designation of centres of excellence. accountability and transparency such as the regular publishing of audited accounts as recommended in “Chapter 7: Funding and Sustainability. Internet Service Providers (ISP) Telecoms providers C D E F G H I J . UNESCO and Government should facilitate the formal registration of the Virtual Library Consortium as a Foundation limited by guarantee as described in Chapter 4: Legal matters.” At least twenty five percent (25%) of the budget should be set aside for capacity building as described in Chapter 5: Human Resources Management The type. This is best done by the Virtual Library Consortium stakeholders after the level funding has been provided during the first stages of implementation.

An implementation manual that will be duly informed by the operations manual will precede project implementation. as appropriate. A manual on best practices will be developed and constantly updated and shared as implementation progresses 4 5 6 7 8 9 Action Plan The Virtual Library Consortium and or the nodes. Virtual Library strategic planning by stakeholder institutions Page 86 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . ensure transparency and standards.Chapter 8 IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES and related organisations so that sub-consortia are formed to provide on-campus access to the Virtual Library in a conducive. will undertake the following: 1 Short-term: A B C D E Formation of the Virtual Library Consortium facilitated by UNESCO and the Government. Therefore. Conscious efforts will be made to encourage professionalism and excellence through motivation and career development programs and intra and inter institutional competition. The selection of content for digitisation will ensure that rare or at risk materials are given priority attention. collaboration with UNESCO’s cultural heritage program will be encouraged. Build Virtual Library Consortium Membership through sensitisation of all stakeholders Initiate fund raising activities and partnerships Assessment of institutions to establish their baseline to inform start up activities and facilitate monitoring and evaluation. Preparation of operations manual for each component of the Virtual Library. Management Arrangements 1 2 3 Setting up of an implementation mechanism to track and evaluate progress. professional and cost effective manner acceptable all parties at the particular node. Constant evaluation at the nodes and Virtual Library Consortium centre will ensure success of the gradual implementation strategy The Virtual Library Consortium will facilitate the creation a policy that fosters broad based partnerships with other institutions and the private sector.

non-governmental agencies. Collation and assembly of freely available content and securing permissions to reproduce and distribute using appropriate media. Procurement and deployment of start-up solutions suite including capacity building and user enlightenment. as well as from fees paid by users and individual institutions. civil society and private sector partnerships. Virtual Library monitoring. Digitising high priority content by member Institutions Continued capacity building and user enlightenment as appropriate Review. Cost savings can be achieved by ensuring that institutions that are already in the process of establishing a Virtual Library 3 . Donor agencies. Medium-term: A B C D E F G H Virtual Library Consortium membership drive continues Expansion of the Virtual Library institutional user base Seeking copyright permissions and procuring country licenses for the Virtual Library. 3 Long-term: A B C D E Institutions and the Virtual Library Consortium move to their next appropriate levels Further expansion of Virtual Library. Such funds are expected to be generated from Government. solutions and activities Preparation of operations. Conclusion 1 2 The success of the Virtual Library depends to a great extent on the funds available to implement. consolidate and expand deployed solution models Initiate content specialisation by participating institutions Regular project evaluation. operate and sustain it. Regular project evaluation. projection implementation and other manuals. documents and procedures.G H I J K 2 Selection of start-up levels. review and evaluation. Capacity building continues Facilitate the emergence of centres of excellence.

Chapter 8

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

system are not penalised but rewarded by enhancing their existing Virtual Library activities. 4 Similarly institutions that have made significant progress in the deployment of Information Communication Technology should be encouraged to integrate Virtual Library into their infrastructure. The Virtual Library is an integral part of existing Library system and not an adjunct. Therefore, existing library staff with designated Virtual Library functions should be given additional incentives to motivate and promote their retention. However, job mobility of staff with Information Communication Technology skills requires that capacity drives will aim at developing a large pool of skilled labour. To ensure accountability and transparency it is necessary to institute mechanisms to conduct annual audit of consortium and nodal accounts and activities.

5 6

7

8

Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment

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CONCLUSIONS

CONCLUSIONS

Operational Considerations

Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment

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buy into the Virtual Library. nongovernmental organisation and civil society participation. as a Foundation limited by Guarantee. Not all interested institutions are capable of implementing the project at the same time Interested institutions will be willing to commit or invest own resources in the project. the Virtual Library is needed and necessary. all Higher Educational Institutions will by virtue of enlightened self interest. in the project. The Virtual Library Consortium is starting with a zero-based budget. and public/ private partnership. Sustainability of the project is dependent on private sector. to be known as the Virtual Library Consortium. The private sector will be encouraged to invest. where possible. The Virtual Library will complement the functions and services of the existing traditional libraries. The level of participation by interested institutions in the project may vary between institutions. Start-up funding from Government and the donor community will be required. Sooner or later. Institutions and the coordinating body will be encouraged to source funds independently to finance this project.1 There is a shortage of books and other materials in all libraries of Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria and therefore. while its membership will be open to all Higher Education Institutions and interested organisations. Access to usage rather than ownership is preferable. The quality and quantity of human resources available to manage the Virtual Library project is not sufficient. will be incorporated at the Corporate Affairs Commission. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 . A Consortium. The sustainability of the project is achievable if the right mix of stakeholders is secured. Founding members would serve as the Guarantors for the Consortium and new members join as they are ready. Its formation would be facilitated by Government and UNESCO.

There are many statistics used which are believed to have underreported the student population. While donor agencies and the Nigerian private sector are identified as possible sources of fund for the project.CONCLUSIONS 17 The directorates of Higher Education Institutions and that of Planning Research and Statistics of the Federal Ministry of Education do not have comprehensive statistics on the number. The projected user populations of the 500 Government owned Higher Education Institutions. A regular budget line will be created by the Federal and State Governments and Private Proprietors of Higher Education Institutions for the project.000 staff and students = 400. status.000.000 staff and students = 420.000 potential users Level 2: 135 Institutions with 500 staff and students = 67. research and development are: I II III IV V VI VLC Office: 1 Institution with 15 staff = 15 potential users Level 6: 20 Institutions with 20. centres and agencies of higher learning.500 potential users 18 19 20 21 21 22 23 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 92 . and each institution of higher learning will set aside a portion of the capital vote and a small percentage of its recurrent vote for the Virtual Library project.000 staff and students = 450. Education Tax Fund and the Petroleum Technology Development Fund are expected to provide substantial funding for the project The project can be self-sustaining through the levying of sufficient fees and charges to be paid by students for access to the Virtual Library.000 potential users Level 3: 200 Institutions with 5. and in some cases over twice what the NBTE statistics show. We have found that Polytechnics in urban locations have more students than NBTE statistics indicate. population or level of ICT usage of Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria. the bulk of the funding is expected to come from Government sources and also from user charges.000 staff and students = 1.000 potential users Level 5: 35 Institutions with 12. NBTE only collects enrolment information of polytechnic students enrolled in courses that NBTE has accredited. Several Polytechnics offer a range of Certificate and remedial courses which NBTE does not track. Capital & recurrent votes will be released on schedule.000 potential users Level 4: 50 Institutions with 9. For example.

.000 potential users Large: 25 Institutions with up to 1. These numbers are changing as new Private Sector owned Higher Education Institutions are licensed by Government to operate and existing ones expand.VII Level 1: 59 Institutions with 50 staff and students = potential users 2. research and development is about 2.000 staff and students = 25.950 VIII Total potential users.465. 24 There are estimated to be over 335 Private Higher Institutions whose estimated user and staff populations are I II III IV V Education Very Large: 10 Institutions with up to 5. in Government owned Higher Education Institutions. The ratio of Institutional size to number of computers suggested to be assigned is 1 computer for every 50 potential users.000 staff and students = 50.000 which is equivalent to 5. in Private Sector owned Higher Education Institutions. we believe that this possible growth will be significant.000 potential users Total potential users.000 potential users Small: 200 Institutions with up to 50 staff and students = 10.77% of the users of the Government owned Higher Education Institutions. No assumption is made for expected growth in the number of potential users as well as institutions in-long-term phase of this project. 25 26 27 Of the total potential users only 30% are likely to use the Virtual Library regularly. centres and agencies of higher learning. research and development is about 135.340. However.000 potential users Medium: 100 Institutions with up to 500 staff and students = 50. centres and agencies of higher learning.

CONCLUSIONS General Conclusion The Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment for the Development of a Virtual Library by the Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria is part of concerted efforts to address the precarious situation of the Education system. dearth of relevant skills and funding constraints. It will also serve as an avenue that will enable us to leap frog into the ICT age. The inspirational ideas and impressive intellectual capabilities demonstrated by the stakeholders that have in some way contributed to this document give us great confidence in recommending that there is compelling need for the development of a Virtual Library for Higher Education institutions in Nigeria. There are many challenges including insufficient infrastructure. therefore enabling Nigeria to bridge the digital divide. issues of long-term preservation of content and potential linkages to desirable projects and initiatives such as: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Library automation Curriculum review Public/ Private Partnerships to raise funds for institutions The National Open University of Nigeria The National Teachers Institute with currently over 250. fast. The study's future works. economical and remote. President. in asking for this feasibility study. This thrilling development bodes well for Nigeria which is emerging from a traumatic period. on-line or CD-ROMbased. Mr. Poverty Alleviation and creation of wealth Environmental Protection and improvement Promoting equity and gender equality The study serves as a useful guide to developing and deploying solutions aimed at providing easy. access to National and international content for education and research in the face of the dwindling per capita income. is taking on these challenges and it has become imperative for us to follow his lead. Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 94 .000 students undertaking distance learning courses Harnessing National Human Resources potential through ICT. include but are not limited to. The comparative cost of accessing electronic editions of content is significantly cheaper than the equivalent print editions.

The AM Express crew from the Nigerian Television Authority gave us an opportunity to tell the world what we are about. Charles for giving us the opportunity and supporting us. the participants at the workshop and all the stakeholders.” . The Secretarial staff for being the unseen hands behind the scene. The contributors of technical and financial assistance to the organization of the workshop. National Commission for UNESCO Abuja. Hajiya Mariam Katagum. President’s request and The Japan Funds in Trust for making the study possible by providing the funds. The Higher Education Institutions visited. BSP and CI UNESCO headquarters Paris for being there. President. Russ and Hezekiel for being part of the team and Ms. International Telecommunications Limited. Microsoft Nigeria Limited. And to the entire people of Nigeria we say in the words of Mr. Hubert J. Hewlett Packard Nigeria Limited. Dr. we say that without your involvement the study would not have been done as thoroughly. Hans d’Orville and Ambassador Drago Najman for their mentoring and supervisory roles and also for believing in us and Mr. Iyabo Fagbolu.Acknowledgement We would like to acknowledge the Director General of UNESCO for taking up Mr. “Nigeria shall be great again. Omatek Computers Nigeria Limited and Broadband Technologies Nigeria Limited we say thank you. The Editorial team for working so diligently and hanging in there. and the entire staff of UNESCO Office Abuja.

DSL DVD-CD E e-Book EBSCO ECOWAS EFA EIFL ES ETF FCE FDD FEC FM S&T FME FUTY Executive Secretary Education Tax Fund Federal College of Education Floppy Disk Drive Federal Executive Council Federal Ministry of Science and Technology Federal Ministry of Education Federal University of Technology Yola United States Dollar At Switchable 10 and 100 megabit Ethernet connector Ahmadu Bello University Administrative A type of Advanced Graphics display adapter African Journals Online A Library Automation Software Assistant Association of Senior Staff of Universities Free Anti-virus Software Automatic Voltage Regulator Bureau for Public Enterprises Bureau for Strategic Planning Bayero University Kano Care Of Centre for Black African Arts and Civilization A broadband satellite transmission medium Central Bank of Nigeria Compact Disc Rewriter Compact Disc Read Only Memory A Free Library Automation Software from UNESCO Chief Executive Officer Communication Information Communications and Information Technology Cathode Ray Tube or Monitor Department Department for International Development Director General Doctor Direct Synchronous Link Direct Video Device Electronic Electronic Book Elton B.CONCLUSIONS Glossary of Terms Acronym 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 $ @ 10/100 ABU Admin AGP AJOL ALICE Asst ASSU AVG AVR BPE BSP BUK C/O CBAAC C-Band CBN CDR CD-ROM CDSISIS CEO CI CIT CRT Dept DFID DG Dr. Stephens Company Economic Communities Of West African States Education For All Description Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 96 .

UNESCO NBTE NCAC NCC NCC NCCE NCMM NDDC NEPA NEPAD NERDC NGO NIC Gigabyte. A measure of computer processor speed A Library Automation Software General Post Office Box Hard Disk Drive Hewlett Packard Information Communication Technology International Centre for Theoretical Physics Identification International Direct Dial telephone line Information For All Program Information for all programme Independent National Electoral Commission Internet protocol Integrated Services Digital Network Instrumentation Security and Management Internet Service Provider Information Technology Kilobytes a measure of computer memory Kilometre Band Kilo Volts ampere a measure of electrical current Local Area Network A type of computer monitor Limited Metropolitan Area Network Managing Director Millennium Development Goals An online full text medical database Management Information System Member of the Nigeria Institute of Strategic Studies Microsoft Word Processor Naira National Archives of Nigeria National Association of Nigerian Students National Action Plan for Information for All National Commission National Commission for UNESCO National Board for Technical Education National Council for Arts and Culture Nigerian Communications Commission Nigerian Copyright Commission National Commission for Colleges of Education National Commission for Museums and Monuments Niger Delta Development Corporation National Electric Power Authority New Partnership for Africa’s Development National Education Research Development Council Non Governmental Organization Network Interface Card .47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 GB GHz GLASS GPO HDD HP ICT ICTP ID IDD IFAP IFAP INEC IP ISDN ISM ISP IT KB KM Ku KVa LAN LCD Ltd MAN’s MD MDG Medline MIS Mni MS-Word N NAN NANS NAPIA NATCOM NATCOM . A measure of computer memory Gigahertz.

S. Scientific and Cultural Organisation University of Benin University of Calabar University of Jos University of Lagos University of Ilorin University of Port Harcourt Page 98 Optical Character Recognition Operating Systems Private Computer Pentium III. RAM RJ 45 S/n SA SCSI SG SHP SOROS Foundation SWIDA TCP/IP TINLIB TQM TX TX UTP UDFU UI UK UNESCO UniBen UniCal UniJos UniLag UNILORIN UniPort Secretary General Small Hydropower Systems George Soros Foundation Swedish International Development Agency Internet protocol Old version of Library Automation Software that ran on MSDOS Total Quality Management Fast Ethernet controller fast Ethernet controllers Uthman Dan Fodio University University of Ibadan United Kingdom United Nations Educational.CONCLUSIONS 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 NITDA NITEL NLN NMC NNPC NOUN NPC NPO NSA NTI NUC NUMIS NUNet OAU OCLC OCR OS PC PIII PIV PMB POLYNet PTDF PV R. a type of computer processor Pentium IV. a more recent type of computer processor Private Mail Bag Polytechnics WAN Petroleum Development Technology Fund Photo-Voltaic National Library Random Access Memory Network Plus size Serial Number Special Assistant National Information Technology Development Agency Nigerian Telecommunications Limited National Library of Nigeria National Mathematical Centre Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation National Open University of Nigeria National Population Commission National Professional Officer National Security Adviser National Teachers Institute National Universities Commission Nigeria Universities Management Information System National Universities Commission Network Obafemi Awolowo University Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .U.D.

146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 UNN UPS USA USAID USB UTP VC VL LAN VLC VPN VSAT VTLS WAN Web cam Yr 1 University of Nigeria Uninterruptible Power Supply United States United States Agency for International Development Universal Serial Bus Un-shielded Twisted pair type of network cable Vice Chancellor Virtual Library local area network Virtual Library Consortium Virtual Private Network Very Small Aperture Terminal Wide Area Network Web camera Year One .

CONTRIBUTORS .

Gerald Ilukwe. Project Coordinator Broadband Technologies Limited 8B. Valentine Nwabueze. Nigeria.itclrd. A. 2nd floor. Off Awolowo Road. 320 0421.com www. Sunil Fawlani. Lagos.net www. Lagos. Abayomi Lawal. 13A. Tel: 234-1-8111921. Tel: 24-1-3205241-3. Ademola Street. 4802113.CONTRIBUTORS Financial Contributors 1 Mr.com 5 Mr. Lagos.2626720/1. General Manager. 262 5239.com yomiwole92@yahoo.com 4 Mr. +234-1. Chief Executive Officer International Telecommunications Company (ITC). Fax: 234-1-2673203 Email: info@btlimited.2626954/5 Fax 234-1-2626722/3205241 Mobile 234[0]8034020423 Valentine. Ikoyi.com 3 Mr. Nigeria Tel: +234-1. Ikeja.2611220.W. Lagos. J.nwabueze@hp. Kudirat Abiola Road. Lagos. Fax: 234-1-3201149 Mobile: 234 [0]803-3083338 omatek@cyberspace. J.net 2 Mr. 555 8355 Fax: +234-1-262 6718 geraldil@microsoft. S. Marinho Drive. David Ibhawoh.2611221 Fax 234-1-2611220 itcsales@itcltd.A. Tel: +234-1-262 5233. Marinho Drive Victoria Island Annex. Enterprise Accounts Manager. Omatek Computers Limited 90. Nigeria Tel: 234-1-2673205. 3rd Floor Nurses House. Microsoft Nigeria Octagon Building. Victoria Island. Afribank Street. 13a. Limited. Head of Marketing. Hewlett-Parkard Nigeria Limited The Octagon Building.hp.com Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 101 . Plot PC 43. 3rd Floor. 5557535.

NUC Operational Issues in a Virtual Library .US Embassy Commercial Councillor.Director NTI.Executive Secretary National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE). Represented Management of the Virtual Library . Ajayi. Represented The Virtual Library and Colleges of Education . Represented Good will Message . Represented Content . Represented Virtual Library and Open University System .Executive Secretary National Board for Technical Education (NBTE). Rivers State College of Education Prospective Environment and users of the Virtual Library Services – Dr. O.Prof.Presenters of Papers 1 2 3 4 Welcoming Remark – Secretary General.Mrs. O Jegede Coordinator National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) The Virtual Library and NTI System . Represented Shaping Attitudes and Care of the – Mac-Ikemenjima Dabesaki. The Virtual Library and the University System – Executive Secretary National Universities Commission (NUC). Ibrahim Mamaman Aminu.Dr.Prof. L N Ikpaahindi. Zakari Head Department of Library and Information Sciences Ahmadu Bello University (ABU). Represented Introduction and Expectations -Hubert J Charles. Zaria National ICT Infrastructural Support for a Virtual Library .Dr. National Commission for UNESCO (NATCOM-UNESCO) in Nigeria-UNESCO. National Library of Nigeria 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 . Ndackson Project Manager New Nigeria Foundation Copyright Issues –Director General Nigerian Copyright Commission. Director UNESCO Abuja Office Trends and Status of Development of libraries in Nigeria . Director General National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA). D. Omolayole. Represented The Virtual Library and the Technical Education System . The National Librarian A Sustainable Virtual Library as a Model for Public/Private Sector Collaboration .Dr.Director National Teachers Institute (NTI).

Presidency Some thoughts for the Syndicate Group members to consider prior to their deliberations and development of the Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment for a Virtual Library by Institutions of Higher learning – Abdul-hakeem Ajijola. Azubike Ikediashi.CONTRIBUTORS 18 19 Technical issues to be addressed to make the Virtual Library concept work in Nigeria and beyond – Abdul-hakeem Ajijola. Information Technology consultant. SuperCard Ltd Funding and Sustainability: Online Contribution .Prof Wale Omole. Banker Virtual Library Project: Online Contribution . SuperCard Ltd Legal and Copyright Issues . Aba Payment Mechanisms .Prof Wale Omole. Deen Communications and Publishing Language and Cultural Issues .Dr.Kamar Bakrim. National Institute for Nigerian Languages. Presidency Some observations on the prospects of Private Sector participation in the funding of the Virtual Library – Malam Niyi Sanuth.Chris Uwaje. activist and advocate 20 21 22 23 24 25 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 103 .

Garki Abuja NEAT IT. P.com Commission. Asst. Ayoyinka BENTUM. Ali Akilu deleabdul2001@yahoo. Taiwo Adedoyin Deputy University Librarian Chief Librarian Principal. Doris .O. PMB 564. Rowena University Librarian SA. Garki Abuja NATCOM-UNESCO Plot 54. Central www. Abuja National IT Development oadeluyi@nitda. PMB 237. Kashim Ibrahim Library. 2084. 476. Plot 777 j. dobozimo@infoweb.V. Abuja. Area 11. AbdulHakeem AKHERE. nigpa@skannet. 1.com Road. 252. State House. Port-Harcourt. Wuse.com 7661. PMB 424.ng@yahoo. Rabi BOZIMO. Lorenzo ARINZE. Abuja National Planning Commission. 49 Aba Road.org Agency (NITDA). Jos National Council for Arts and Culture. Copyright Officer MD Executive Director/ CEO Desk Officer Training Specialist/ Head Asst. Ungwa Rimi. Kehinde Aduke AKPAN. Sandah Abdullahi Project Officer Director General AJAYI.org Bouake Street. PMB 237. Rivers State National Council for Arts and nnamabia2000@yahoo. Tafawa Balewa Way. Abuja & National Library of Nigeria. Area 11. Development Fund. PMB 2016. Rowena2000. 27. ladekanye@yahoo. PMB. Kaduna National Universities rilwanu@hotmail. NSA.com Nagwamatse Road. Kaduna State. PMB 1515. Gimbiya Street. Garki.O. Box Lorenzo@neat-i-t. Flat 4. Rilwanu ADEKANYE.org Agency (NITDA). Dugbe. P. Garki.com Plot 672 Port-Harcourt Crescent. 17 abdullahisahamdu@yahoo. Box 9899. Garki Abuja University of Ilorin. ICT.com Federal Secretariat Complex. Senior Officer 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 AKINTUNDE.org Business District. Mathew AJIJOLA. mykeakpan@hotmail.O. Michael ANTHONIO. PMB. Maitama District. Gimbiya Street. Zaria.com GPO 10027 Garki Abuja Petro-Tech. Garki Abuja National Universities johnayebola@hotmailcom Commission. Garki Abuja Zakkaat Ventures. Ibadan. Librarian Executive Secretary Admin. Cadastral Zone A8. OAU Qtrs. Investmement House. Jacob BINCHAN. Abuja. Olalere G 7 8 9 AJIBERO. PMB. Kaduna National IT Development gajayi@nidta. AYEBOLA.com Dantata House. Oluwole Olufemi 5 6 AHMAD. POB 2002. hakeem@ajijola. School of Post Basic Nursing. Abuja Nigerian Publishers Association. 252. Maitama. Oyo State UNESCO Office. PMB. Maitama District. Plot 695 PortHarcourt Crescent. PMB 406. Emmanuel ATUANYA. Lanre TITLE / POSITION Accountant/ Managing Partner Chief Librarian Asst. Oladele ABDULSALAMI. PMB 564. N. P. UNILORIN majibero@yahoo.abs. Garki Abuja University of Jos.com Library. Area 11. Wuse II. Garki.com GPO Box 2541.bentum@unesco.com Bauchi Road Campus. doyin@hotmail. PMB. John AYO.Workshop Participants S/N 1 2 3 NAME ABDULRAHEEM.net 4 ADELUYI. Garki Abuja Nigerian Copyright Commission. Principal University Librarian Chief 18 19 20 21 BABATUNDE. Stephen AKINYEDE. Ilorin Presidency. Chief Planning Officer Scientific Officer INSTITUTION / ADDRESS e-Mail Dele Rahim & C/o. ABUTH. Plot 695 PortHarcourt Crescent. Main Library.com Culture. Kaduna ABU. Wuse Zone 6. S_akintunde@hotmail. Garki.nibn.Box 8953.com Blk 52.

Mambilla dikkoi@state. POB 73504 Victoria Island. Sylvester DANBAKI. Programmes Chief Computer Analyst Consultant Director. Plot 777 hj.com amimamu@netscape.com & EKPRIKPO. PMB 2011. Development Fund. Abuja. Sunday sfloayan@skannet. Ikoyi Lagos National Universities Commission. PMB. TMB Managing Director Country Manager Director/ Country Representative Systems Director College Librarian Director Executive Director HP Nigeria Limited. Hubert J CHINGA. Victoria Island. Kaduna. Glover Road.. Victoria Island. Kaduna State. Plot 38. Azubike Eseloka IKPAAHINDI.com Ajulanwo.C. Ayodele Afolabi FOLAYAN.gov Street. Kaduna National Mathematical Centre. Ifeoma EKIREGHOO. Garki Abuja NTI Kaduna. Ikoyi.7078. EJIOFOR. PMB 394. National Library of Nigeria. Gwarzo Road.com Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 105 . PMB 2109. 394. Kongi Bodija.. Victoria Island. Garki Abuja National Commission for Colleges of Education.com jibike_itegboye@yahoo. Aba.edu. 8B Ademola Crescent. 9. Plot 672 Port-Harcourt Crescent.edu.com Project Manager Deputy Director/ Chairman NUNet Director/ Manager General dibhawoh@btlimited. Kofo Abayomi St. Kaduna Broad Band Technologies. Ms Barbara ESAN. 14 Ahmed Onibodu St. & Information Support Sylvester_chinga@hotmail. Afribank Street. Lagos National Inst. Abraham Lawrence Deputy Director Polytechnic Librarian gojehla@yahoo.T. Afaka. Garki.com ibrahim@nuc. Eric David Aminu aligura@yahoo. No 9.com 40 41 42 43 IKEDIASHI. Ibadan National Commission for Colleges of Education. 3011. Moshood Abiola Road.ng ighaloeric@yahoo. Manager.org Bouake Street. Lagos Petro-Tech. Olugbemiro JIBRIL. Aliyu IBHAWOH. 13 www. PMB 2021. NNIL Building.com GURAGI. Kwali. Abuja I. PMB 358.. Lagos US Embassy. PMB. PMB 2191 Kaduna Yaba College of Technology. Lagos Bayero University. 19. Area 11.CONTRIBUTORS 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 BRITS. POB 29460 Secreteriat. PMB 1.com dibije@yahoo. Mamman IGHALO. Cecilia DANIEL. D. Box 9899. Abuja Institute of Financial Planning/ First Stock Brokers. David IMAM. IKWUE. Area 11. Kano State ekireghwo@yahoo. Yaba Lagos National Open University. Abuja NDA Kaduna. jimidaniel@yahoo.com www. NTA Headquarters..com. Vic CHARLES. Lagos Federal College of Forestry Management. Ajibike JEGEDE. Alhaji Inuwa DOGONYARO.com mis@hyperia. Munzali uismaila@yahoo.O.net 44 45 46 47 ISMAILA. sikidavies@yahoo. Abba M. Lib. L. PMB 80067.com ecn@hyperia. PMB 424. For Nigerian Languages. Omosehwosa Eunice Pius Principal Librarian Asst.com Anakaa2002@yahoo.charles@unesco.com Services.ng dekenkep@hotmail. PMB. 18 B Oshin Road. Garki Abuja Gens-Root Systems Ltd. Garki. Abuja.ng 35 36 37 38 39 GOJEH. Garki. Lamido Road. Head. NUBES House.hp.ncce. Garki Abuja General Data Engineering Services. Wuse Zone 6.com Kaduna-Lokoja Road. P. PMB. Devnet. Academic Planning Director Tech.uk munzali@hotmail. New Campus. Ahmadu Bello Way.com Victoria Island. Imonitie IBRAHIM. 118. PMB 237.com jegede@ouuk@edu. Uwaha Yahaya ITEGBOJE. James DAVIES. off Awolowo Rd. 1416. Maitama District. Mando Road. MIS CEO Professor Ikeadiashi2000@yahoo. Central Business District. Abuja Kaduna Polytechnic. Kaduna Energy Commission of Nigeria. 5th Floor. PMB. Division Consultant Project Management Officer Director Academic Support Services Director. Annie DIKKO.N. 2274. Lagos UNESCO Office.J.

Wuse II. House Committee on Education Network Engineer Professor Technical Director benmadu@yahoo. PMB 406. MIS Planning Officer II Project Asst. Ijora-Olopa. Box 1084.com Zakamoh2000@yahoo. Abuja. Victoria NWOSU. Louis Solomon Close. PMB. Zakari MOUKARIM. Rivers State.48 49 50 51 52 KATSINA. Tunga. Lagos Rivers State College of Education. NATCOM-UNESCO. UNESCO Office. NNPC Estate. Port-Harcourt.com & OKPA. PMB 12626. of Library and Information Sciences. Area 11.com olukojudele@hotmail. Muhammed Lawal NDACKSON. PMB 424.freeservers.com dabesaki@yahoo.com & http://dabesaki.com Walid_moukarim@hotmail. Nsukka Nigerian Copyright Commission. Mohammed themail@ttogiri. Mile 1.com 16. PMB. Suite E-35. Ben MATAZU. Garki Abuja UNESCO Office. Abuja AP Ode Investment & Consult. Bridget OLUKOJU. Minna. Abuja Broad Band Technologies. Garki Abuja National IT Development Agency (NITDA). Kano State. Titi OKETUNJI. Lagos University of Nigeria.com & gm_nwamarah@yahoo. PMB. Area 11. Garki. atkohol@yahoo. Diobu. Flat 1.com 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 MUAZU. Misbauu Na’ya KOHOL.B. Garki Abuja omatek@hyperia. Chariman.com obakakelvin@hotmail.uk collinstairview@yahoo. 116. Blk M3. Dan NWAMARAH. Abuja. 90 Oregun Road. PMB 424. Harry LAWAL. Ikoyi Road. Plot 54. Lagos OMATEK Computer Ltd.co m 53 54 MADU. Hezzy MOHAMMED. Wuse Zone 6. Plot 695 PortHarcourt Crescent. C. Box 448. Garba Shehu Admin. Zaria SYACO Nigeria Ltd. Ibidapo OKORIE. PMB 424.com 66 67 68 69 70 OGIRI. Prosecution and Enforcement Deputy Director Marketing Manager Students Coordinator Bayero University Library.com ./ UMM Computer Services.com Emynwosu2000@yahoo. New librarian@buk. Plot 777 Bouake Street. Walid hmesele@btlimited. Wesley Street. Lagos UNESCO Office.com Nenesteven2001@yahoo. Director Technical Officer hamazu@yahoo. Kelvin Principal Media Practitioner Programme Manager Director. Wuse Zone 6. 4C.com mlgombe@yahoo. PMB. P. Ltd. Bay Clinic Road. Kaduna School of Midwifery. Dele I Mark beeokpa@yahoo. Ikeja. Niger State Private Sector. Asst. Abayomi MAC-IKE Dabesaki MENJIMA. NWOKORO. three Arms Zone.org Okorie76ng@yahoo. Wuse Zone 6. Ikoyi Lagos Ahmadu Bello University.edu. 476.co. 8B Ademola Crescent. Lagos.com matazuu@yahoo. Wuse Shopping Complex Extension. Federal Secretariat Complex. Garki. Nigerian Copyright Commission. Box 8007.O. 51 Nanka Street. PMB.ng Site. Ebute Metta..com www. 26 Ahmadu Bello Way. Flat 3. Asst. MIS Unit. PMB 12897. O. Goodluck NWEKE. Deputy Director Managing Consultant CEO Director Project Asst. Victoria Island. LAFINHAN. 4. Federal House of Representatives.O. Aloba Street. Ibrahim Taiwo Road. Woji. Plot 777 Bouake Street. P.nlbn. National Library of Nigeria.com 55 56 57 MESELE. Gimbiya Street. Garki. Plot 777 Bouake Street.B OBAKA. Dept. University Librarian Head. 12723. Lagos National Archives of Nigeria. O. Abuja. PMB 12626. Kaduna New Nigeria Foundation. off Awolowo Rd. PMB 564. Laitu MUSA GOMBE.com gamji.com dndackson@hotmail.com ioketunji@hotmail. 45. Cadastral Zone A8. National Assembly Complex. Zone 3. Wuse. Lagos Micro Integrated Dev. Garki Abuja National Library of Nigeria.C. 3011. Abdul T.

UJO. 8. Wale ONAH.com UDEAGWU. Nigerian Computer Society. Yola Center for Information Technology and Development (CITAD). Lagos Federal University of Technology. PMB 2239.com chris@condatasystems. JD & T MacArthur Foundation. Plot B. J. Dantata House. Olaniyi SHETTIMA. YA'U. Garki. Wuse Zone 6. Yinusa Zakari NPO Librarian President University Librarian Director j. 2 Ontario Crescent. Garki Abuja. Lagos National Library of Nigeria. Central Business District.umar@unesco.uk Iiseem2002@yahoo.org Ibra_man@yahoo. Flat 3. Kaduna.co. 1. P. Abuja NBTE. Box 13354. 13.com & fidelisonah@yahoo.com womboh@yahoo.S.com marthur. Olubunmi OMOLE.com olaniyisanuth@yahoo. 2076. Abuja Supercard Plc. 1st Floor. Kano titi@cyberschuul. Chris C WOMBOH. Titi OMOLAYOLE.. PMB 117. Abdulhameed fcudeagwu@yahoo.co. Lagos. PRS Director info@waleomole. Ahmed Kole Olayemi CEO National Librarian The Executive Cyber Schuul.uk 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 Consultant Principal Manager Deputy Director M.uk yinusayau@hotmail.D Director Director. Lagos Nigeria Communications Commission. PMB 424. Benki S. Abuja UNESCO Office. POB 100210.D. IBB Library. Plot 777 Bouake Street. PMB 2239. Garki. Abuja NBTE. Ikeja. PMB. Fidelis C.com 80 81 82 83 84 UMAR.CONTRIBUTORS 71 72 OMO-ETTU. Fidelis ORUGUN. Victoria Island. Garki. Area 2.com jorogun@yahoo. SANUTH.co.. Akinsemoyin Street.nigeria@skannet. Abuja. Centre for Distance Learning and Continuing Education. Garki. R. National Library of Nigeria.O.H. POB 4053 Garki. Kaduna State University of Abuja. 190 Ikorodu Road.com Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 107 . 152 Ikorodu Road. Surulere. Kofar Kubuga.. Ibrahim UWANNENA. Maitama.O. Deen Communications Ltd.U.com yemitunbi@yahoo. Jummai USMAN. BUK Rd. Plot B’ Bida Road. Louis Solomon Close. Kaduna State. Palm Groove. PMB. Zumunci Building. Bida Road. PMB 1.

Ben Admin. Mr.com 5 AHMAD. Abuja UNESCO Abuja Plot 777 Bouake Street Wuse Zone 6. Victoria Mrs. abdullahisanda@yahoo. Jacob Admin. Project Asst. Mr. j. Asst. Garki. Garki. Abuja UNESCO Abuja Plot 777 Bouake Street Wuse Zone 6. PMB.bentum@unesco. 424. PMB. benmadu@yahoo. Kaduna Okorie76ng@yahoo. Nenesteven2001@yahoo. Ungwa Rimi.com 3 BENTUM. 424. UNESCO Abuja Plot 777 Bouake Street Wuse Zone 6.Project Assistants 1 OKORIE. Mohammad O.com . Mr.org 4 MADU. Sandah Abdullahi Workshop.com 2 NWOKORO. Abuja 17 Nagwamatse Road. Garki. Workshop Asst. PMB. Asst. 424. PMB. Asst. 424. Abuja C/o UNESCO Abuja Plot 777 Bouake Street Wuse Zone 6. Garki.

pdf .pdf .doc .xls .pdf .TXT .XLS .xls .xls .mpg .pdf .doc .CONTRIBUTORS Index of Reference Documents in attached CD-ROM S/n Title Format Directory of CD-ROM: Root 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNESCO VL FS NA Final Draft UNESCO FS4VL Presentation UNESCO VL4FS Budget UNESCO FS4VL AM Express video Reference Document List Summary of Proposals for the Establishement of a Virtual Library .doc .xls .zip .TXT 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Directory of CD-ROM:\Natl Digitization Policy\ Read this first Read this first Natl Digitization Policy Draft March 2002 rev November COMPRESSED Directory of CD-ROM:\Greenstone\Docs\ Develop-en Develop-es Develop-fr Install-en Install-es Install-fr Paper-en Paper-es Paper-fr User-en User-es User-fr Directory of CD-ROM:\Reference Documents\ competencies for digital era HEI COLLEGES and Polytechs VL Glossary of Terms ACRONYMS IN FS FOR VL Institutions of higher education List of HEI in Nigeria COLLEGES and Polytechs UNESCO DRAFT PROVISIONAL AGENDA Possible BRIEFING ON FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR VIRTUAL LIBRARY The authors IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation QUESTIONNAIRE ON DIGITISATION AND PRESERVATION IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation VL The scope of the project Invoice1A country-wide access ACRONYMS IN FS FOR VL ArticleonVL NTI Layout UNESCO VL FS NA Participants list UNESCO FS NA Diagrams UNESCO FS VL Some Thoughts Small Hydropower Systems 29065 Feasibility Study For a National Virtual Library For Nigeria THE ROLE OF STUDENTS IN THE INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INTO THE SCHOOL SYSTEM VIRTUAL LIBRARY FOUNDATION VSAT Internet Solution Abdel Saidu Bandwidth LIST AND ADDRESSES OF CONTRIBUTORS .rtf .doc .xls .pdf .doc .pdf .doc .rtf .xls .doc .pdf .doc .pdf .doc .rtf .xls .pdf .XLS .ppt .pdf .pdf .pdf .ppt .doct .xls .doc .pdf .txt .doc .doc Page 109 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .pdf .

xls .doc .xls .doc .pdf .doc .49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 LIST OF INSTITUTIONS VISITED UNESCO Virtual Library Feasibility Study Launch Mission Repo Start-up Budget Aminu ExecutiveSum HIGHER EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT AND USERS OF THE NIGERIAN NATIONAL VIRTUAL LIBRARY SERVICE List of universities Budget Request .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .xls .doc .xls .xls .xls .doc .doc .doc .doc .4 Administration Group Report ok Legal & Copyright syndicate Group Report ok Human Resources Group Report ok Sustainability-Addendum Suggestions on Funding from Kamar Bakrin HUMAN RESOURCES AND CAPACITY BUILDING old FEASIBILITY STUDY .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .pdf .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc . D.doc .eIFL-Net Library Consortium Nigeria1 BANDWIDTH_FINAL_EDITIONS Infrastructure & Connectivity Group Report ok Implimentation Group Report ok Content Group Report ok Sustainability Group Report ok VL Business Plan FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS VL cover Financial Projections Table 40.doc .Kaduna ARCHIVING AND DIGITIZATION Budget for VL Implimentation Administration syndicate Group Report Software Requirement and Standards VL Capacity Building Syndicate Software standards HUMAN RESOURCES AND CAPACITY BUILDING FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A VIRTUAL LIBRARY BY INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Power INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE .doc . Ndackson VIRTUAL LIBRARY PROJECT Feasibility Study Content Group Report ok2 Content Group Report old VL Administration Chapter Designing a Digital Library Solution Setting Up Learning Centres Infrastructure Spreadsheet IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT2 Administration syndicate Group Report of the LEGAL AND COPYRIGHT SYNDICATE GROUP REPORT edited CONTENT THE NIGERIA VIRTUAL LIBRARY PROJECT1 CONTENT THE NIGERIA VIRTUAL LIBRARY PROJECT CONNECTIVITY & MAINTENANCE INFRASTRUCTURE SYNDICATE Attendnace List -Workshop to draft Feasibility Study for VL .doc .xls .doc .txt .doc .doc .pdf .doc .xls .doc .doc .VIRTUAL LIBRARY VL Financial Projections Funding and Sustainability Syndicate original HUMAN RESOURCES AND CAPACITY BUILDING rcasted Infrastructure & Connectivity Group Report old 1 Infrastructure & Connectivity SYNDICATE Addendum to Adminsitarion LAY OUT OF EACH CHAPTER VIRTUAL LIBRARY FOUNDATION s VIRTUAL LIBRARY FOUNDATION[1] STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT[1] Report of the Administration syndicate Group V[1] Report of the Administration syndicate Group V STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT Fundamentals of Building Interactive Web Sites MANAGING A VIRTUAL LIBRARY by Dr.doc .doc .doc .doc .XLS .doc .doc .doc .doc .

doc .doc .doc .rtf .doc Page 111 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .rtf .pdf .doc .E.doc .doc . Lang .rtf . Nat.doc .doc .zip .doc .doc .pdf .ppt .doc .doc .xls .rtf .ppt . Inst.rtf .doc .pdf .APPLICATION FORM NITDA National Infrastructure and Support for Virtual Library VirtualLibrary NOUN 26 08 03 digital_library_trends VirtualLibraryNOUN260803 Natl Digitization Policy Draft March 2002 rev November Nigeria Italian-E-govt-project NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SUPPORT FOR A VIRTUAL LIBRARY_UNESCO2 LANGUAGE & CULTURAL ISSUES by Dr.ppt . Ikediashi.pdf .xls .ppt .doc .doc .xls .doc .doc .doc .CONTRIBUTORS 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 INFRASTRUCTURE xx Funding and Sustainabilty Version 2 Report by the Syndicate Group on CONTEMPORARY TRENDS AND STATUS OF DEVELOPMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND SERVICES IN NIGERIA Zakari Mohammed STANDARDIZATION old and new creation of content REDUNDANT AC-UPS SYSTEMS 900VA to 7200VA page87-92 UNESCO FS VL SOME THOUGHTS FOR THE SYDICATE GROUP MEMBERS TO CONSIDER PRIOR TO THEIR DELIBERATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT AITEC e-govt presentation HOUSEHOLD SOLAR POWER REBATES IN NSW .doc .doc .doc .doc .xls .doc .doc .doc .xls .doc .doc .doc .doc . A.rtf .doc .xls .doc .ppt . for Nig. Aba Draft Report Version Minedaf ANGLAIS Report of the College Think-Tank Cmttee Small Hydro electric power Plants UNESCO Addressing the technical issues that will make the Virtual Library concept viable in Nigeria UNESCO Appendices Addressing technical issues UNESCO VL FS Business Secnario Annexure OK UNESCO FS VL SOME THOUGHTS FOR THE SYDICATE GROUP MEMBERS TO CONSIDER PRIOR TO THEIR DELIBERATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT UNESCO Appendices Addressing technical issues UNESCO VL FS Business Secnario Annexure OK UNESCO VL FS Read this first UNESCO VL FS Business Secnario Annexure ICT Strategy 2002-2005 INVITED PARTICIPANTS TO THE STAKEHOLDERS' WORKSHOP DRAFT PROVISIONAL AGENDA AhA appendices 2 ok UNESCO FS DRAFT PROVISIONAL AGENDA UNESCO VL Expectations FS VL Strategic Planning Issues Flat-panel monitors 5 things to know E-Library Select a Source Type UNESCO FS NA tech issues bak UNESCO VL Costs UNESCO Addressing the technical issues that will make the Virtual Library concept viable in Nigeria bak UNESCO VL Costs bak aha appendices ok Starcoms prices HOUSE COMMITTEES LINKSYS PRICES Omatek estimate 1 UNESCO Comparison of line charges Appendices Technical issues to be address to make the Virtual Library (VL) concept work in Nigeria and beyond UNESCO VL AhA Appendices UNESCO Technical issues to be address to make the Virtual Library (VL) concept work in Nigeria and beyond UNESCO Addressing the technical issues that will make the Virtual Library concept viable in Nigeria UNESCO FS Notes and Guidelines UNESCO FS Notes and Guidelines-2 Provisional Programme of Work .zip .

doc .doc .doc .doc .2 Adamawa State Univ.pdf .doc .doc .doc .doc . Speakers.final Enugu State University of Science & Tech Federal College of Education.doc .doc .pdf .rtf .doc .doc .external ProposaltoCommerce Internet Connectivity Costs HP digital village vision Gender.doc . Minna 2 FUT.pdf . Zaria UNESCO VIRTUAL LIBRARY COMMUNIQUE Adamawa State Univ. Minna 1 Adamawa Poly 2 Adamawa Poly 1 Islamic law-bibliography it pokicy African Tech Policy communique CYBERSECURITY STRATEGIES World e-Inclusion visitor packet .doc . ABU 3 School of Nursing.doc . ABU 2 School of Nursing.doc . ABU 1 College of Forestry Mech.doc .doc .pdf . 1 FUT.doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .pdf .doc . Minna 3 FUT.doc .xls .ppt .doc . information technology and the digital divide in Africa and other developing areas Education Ivestment NUNet in Brief Nigeria (ICT) Field consulting_skill_set consultant_contract Will Technology Trickle Down to Rural America The Status of ICT in the Education Sector .doc .xls .ppt .doc .doc .doc .doc .doc .1 School of Nursing.rtf .doc .doc .doc .xls .pdf .doc .doc .doc . Panellists CODI Guidelines VL Draft Agenda strategic_plan Appendices UNESCO Addressing the technical issues that will make the Virtual Library concept viable in Nigeria Appendices UNESCO VL tmp fs mattes Logframes Final Version Logframes Final Version INVITATION TO WORKSHOP FOR FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR VIRTUAL LIBRARY FOR INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Appendics UNESCO Addressing the technical issues that will make the Virtual Library concept viable in Nigeria e-Books CYBERCAFE FOR EVERYBODY Structure of the VL FS NA report NIGERIA CORPORATE CONTENT ON D NET[1] SOME THOUGHTS FOR THE SYDICATE GROUP MEMBERS TO CONSIDER PRIOR TO THEIR DELIBERATIONS[1] UNESCO Feasibility Study Needs Assessment for Nigerian Virtual Library for Universities and other Institutions of Higher Education VL Read me file nigeria0403 nigeria0703_full nigeria0203 African Libraries Advocacy Forum UNESCO Technical issues to be address to make the Virtual Library (VL) concept work in Nigeria and beyond Public Domain Guidelines[1].166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 DRAFT PROVISIONAL AGENDA 2 Notes and Guidelines for Chairs.doc .doc .rtf .doc . KD 1 Brief on NL of Nig 4 Brief on NL of Nig 3 Brief on Nl of Nig 2 Brief on NL of Nig.pdf .doc .zip . KD 2 College of Forestry Mech.

doc .doc .doc Page 113 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .doc .ppt . Then What's Next for Techies UNIDO-ECN-WORKSHOP Invoice1B country-wide access THE NEW PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA'S DEVELOPMENT (NEPAD) Promoting-SMEs Personal history Form WHO ICT & Gender software_hardware_policy software_hardware_policy See how well your staff knows Word assessments Learning style assessments UN msnapp consulting_skill_set Software UNESCO Infrastructure Spreadsheet x2 CONNECTIVITY & MAINTENANCE INFRASTRUCTURE SYNDICATE x2 Power INFRASTRUCTURE x2 UN 2 Community Development Cyber-Centres .txt .doc .doc .pdf .ppt .xls .doc .rtf .pdf .rtf .doc .rtf .pdf .doc .pdf .doc .pdf .pdf .doc .pdf .pdf .pdf .doc .doc .rtf .doc .doc .doc .rtf .doc .doc .doc .doc .xls .ppt .doc .doc .doc .ppt .10% have access ICT Policy (public) EFA Assesment conclusions_a IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation Africa Promoting Econ & Pol Stability Copyright COMMISSION ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Security and Infrastructure Protection AhA Nigeria IT Policy NEPAD Outreach Fund II It has been my observation that the ramification of ignoring ICT-Enabled Development Case Studies Series Africa CYBERCAFE FOR EVERYBODY A People's Approach to Produce Web Content Copyright Fair deal Make a password policy part of your security plan Internet usage in Nigerian Universities Integratec ICT O DL Jegede Click-Online Resources on HIV AIDS Read this first Read this first Solar water heater NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SUPPORT FOR A VIRTUAL LIBRARY_UNESCO National Infrastructure and Support for Virtual Library If Offshoring.doc .pdf .pdf .CONTRIBUTORS 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 See how well your staff knows Word wordtest3 SCHOLARLY ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING BIBLIOGRAPHY ProfilesITLeadership Prof Ajayi's presenattion on ST and ICT in Nigeria onlinemgmtdegree Nigeria Multipurpose Community Telecentre Programme maliciouscode Logframes Final Version LiteracyDay2002 JargonWatch IODE17_24_odinafrica Internet Africa Stats INFOETHICS 2000 proceedings ifla_survey IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation Email_policy Email_policy Complete your MBA with an IT Focus A crash course in HTML html_course uac_pac_a IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation nigeria-telecentres-jensen ng-mct-jensen LIST OF RETURNED QUESTIONNAIRES IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation intro_a IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation Internet -.rtf .doc .doc .pdf .doc .doc .rtf .zip .pdf .rtf .doc .doc .ppt .ppt .doc .rtf .doc .pdf .

htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector .WebWorld vv UNESCO CII .doc .WebWorld vx UNESCO CII .WebWorld dd UNESCO CII .htm .htm .htm .doc .WebWorld xxy UNESCO CII .doc .htm .Virtual Libr UNESCO home page .doc .United Nations Educational.htm .htm . Minna 3 Report of the College Think-Tank Cmttee 1 Report of the College Think-Tank Cmttee 2 .doc .htm .290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 UN 2 Nigeria 4 IT IFLAUNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation UN Community Development Cyber-Centres Security and Infrastructure Protection Directory of CD-ROM:\Reference Documents\UNESCO html\ UNESCO .htm .doc .WebWorld UNESCO WebWorld UNESCO-IFLA School Library Manifesto UNESCO WebWorld UNESCO-IFLA Library Manifestos UNESCO WebWorld UNESCO Public Library Manifesto UNESCO Governing the Global Knowledge Society WebWorld Communication and Information Point of view UNESCO .doc .doc .htm .doc .zip .United Nations Educational.doc .doc .doc .htm .Current Projects 1996-1997 bMemory of the World-b UNESCO-CI (2_55d pr) UNESCO home page .htm . KD 1 Doc3 Enugu State University of Science & Tech Federal College of Education. Zaria FUT.20 November 2002) UNESCO (3_01b) Digital Library Research & Development (Berkeley SunSITE) Digital Libraries Resources and Projects Cataloguing the Internet CATRIONA Feasibility Study British Library Research and Innovation Centre Digital Library Research Programme .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm . 1 Adamawa State Univ.doc .doc . Minna 1 FUT.htm .Virtual (1) UNESCO .doc .Virtual Library on Youth Policies in Latin America Published on CD-ROM xx Director-General of UNESCO on official visit to Nigeria (18 .htm .Communication and Information Sector .htm . Scientific an Web Hosting Update (III) Managing Brown-Outs Mr Ajijola's suggestions on Syndicates Directory of CD-ROM:\Reference Documents\Scanned Docs\ Adamawa Poly 1 Adamawa Poly 2 Adamawa State Univ.Communication and Information Sector .htm .doc .Communication and Information Sector .WebWorld rt UNESCO CII . Minna 2 FUT.doc . KD 2 College of Forestry Mech.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .WebWorld` cc UNESCO CII .doc .htm . Scientific and Cultural Organization British Library Research and Innovation Centre Digital Libra Director-General of UNESCO on official visit to Nigeria (18 UNESCO Governing the Global Knowledge Society WebWorld Com UNESCO .WebWorld tt UNESCO CII .doc .doc .doc . 2 Brief on Nl of Nig 2 Brief on NL of Nig 3 Brief on NL of Nig 4 Brief on NL of Nig.htm . 1 Cllege of Forestry Mech.WebWorld xx UNESCO CII .Virtual Library on Youth Policies in Latin America Published on CD-ROM UNESCO WebWorld News Safeguarding photographs UNESCO WebWorld News Point of View UNESCO WebWorld E-Publications UNESCO e-learning Portal UNESCO CII .htm .htm .htm .

htm . London.htm .htm .View Knowledge-Letter japanesp The Importance of Knowledge Management in Public Sector Organizations by Ash Sooknanan Bellanet .xls .htm .htm .htm .Event Knowledge Management for the Public Sector 09 .Bellanet Activity ICT support for ADEA bb Knowledge Management In The Public Sector Knowledge Management Toolkit ff Working Conference on Knowledge Management in E-Government (KMGov2003) Knowledge Management in the Public Sector . ABU 2 Nursing.htm .Activities vv Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .htm .htm . ABU 1 Nursing.htm .htm .htm .But Some Countries Register Solid Growth African Population Database Documentation A_2_ Africa population database Summary Table Nigeria NewsHour Online Nigeria Background Nigerian-American Information Initiative (NAII) UNESCO (3_01b)cc The Board 'Personal' Digital Mass Storage Systems .Nigeria World Comparison Real Gross Domestic Product and Purchasing Power iii World Comparison Real Gross Domestic Product and Purchasing Power Nigeria Country Profile AIDS Fund Giving Lags as Nations.A Viable Solution AIDS Fund Giving Lags as Nations.Global Policy Forum .htm .htm .xls . United Kingdom Knowledge Management Lexicon Strategic Plan .htm .htm .htm .A Viable Solution for Small Institutions and Developing Countries Organizational Structure NSRC Africa Maps NITDA initiative NITDA Backbone Network A study of Internet usage in Nigerian universities 'Personal' Digital Mass Storage Systems .htm .htm .doc .Online Survey GURTEEN .10 Apr 2002.htm .Africa Statistics CPProfile Adults living with HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa Deaths of adults and children in sub-Saharan Africa Less Foreign Aid And Poor Trade Terms Hurt Africa's Economies -.Africa Statistics 2 World Bank .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .doc .CONTRIBUTORS 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 Report Report Report School School School of of of of of of the College Think-Tank Cmttee 3 the College Think-Tank Cmttee 4 the College Think-Tank Cmttee 5 Nursing.htm .doc .htm .htm . Agencies Wrangle=20 $1b Ex African Population Database Documentation A_2_ Africa popul Developing Countries Could See Fastest Growth In Over a Deca Less Foreign Aid And Poor Trade Terms Hurt Africa's Economie Nigerian-American Information Initiative (NAII) UNESCO (3_01 World Comparison Real Gross Domestic Product and Purchas (1) World Comparison Real Gross Domestic Product and Purchasing Directory of CD-ROM:\Reference Documents\Internet Documents\ GURTEEN .htm .htm .htm .doc .htm .htm .htm . ABU 3 .Activities .htm .htm Page 115 Directory of CD-ROM:\Reference Documents\Nigeria Stats\ Econ Stats DATA 1980-2001 CIA -. Agencies Wrangle=20 $1b Expected This Year Despite $7b-$10b Goal .The World Factbook 2000 -.htm .htm .htm .doc .= Social and Economic Policy City Details PH Developing Countries Could See Fastest Growth In Over a Decade But Are Hurt by Trade Barriers in Rich Nations World Bank .doc .htm .SURF Southern Africa Bellanet .htm .htm .

Activities .htm .htm .Bellanet Activity Knowledge Management Workshops Knowledge Management Toolkit Bellanet .htm . United Kingdom xx UK improves access to wealth of government data .Activities .28 Mar 2002 Vigorous Knowledge Management .Activities Knowledge Management Knowledge Base Bellanet .htm .Bellanet Activity Informing Global Development Gateway Strategy Global Knowledge Partnership web sites Print Page Introduction to KM in the Public Sector .htm .htm .htm .htm .29 Oct 2002 fgh Knowledge Management for Health .htm .Your Free Photo Sharing Site! That Lufthansa-MTN Phoney Promo KM_GOV .Knowledge Management in the Federal Government .htm Vision and Strategy for Knowledge Management(KM)and IM-IT for Health Canada .htm .Knowledge-Letter Gurteen Knowledge-Letter Issue 16 .htm .htm .25 Oct 2001 KM 101 KM Roadmap Introduction to KM in the Public Sector .htm .Downloads Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital .htm .21 Mar 2002 Improving the CBT Development Process through Knowledge Sharing .htm .10 May 2001 Jendayi E Knowledge Management for Health .Bellanet Activity Global Knowledge-Activity Information Management System Bellanet .Activities .10 Apr 2002.Bellanet Activity Open Source Community Space Bellanet .Activities .htm .htm .htm .18 Jun 2003 GURTEEN .Event Knowledge Management for the Public Sector 09 .Bellanet Activity Internet Training Materials Bellanet .htm .htm .htm .29 Oct 2002 Bellanet .Activities .29 Oct 2002 ght Aboutÿ Template Knowledge Management – An Overview .13 Jun 2002 The Knowledge Management Puzzle .htm .htm .htm .htm .Bellanet Activity UNDP Knowledge Management Strategy Website Knowledge Management .htm .htm .htm .htm .Activities .Online Survey vvvf The PhotoStation .Table of Contents ITrain Internet Training Materials Introduction to KM in the Public Sector .htm .'Mobilising Knowledge for Development' Global Knowledge Partnership Support Knowledge Management Knowledge Base xx Bellanet .htm .Activities .Bellanet Activity Vision for Knowledge Enhanced Public Bellanet .htm .29 Aug 2002 Knowledge Management Workshops vv .htm .htm . DWF Import Utility for AutoCAD Neevia Technology -.Activities .htm .htm .Activities .htm .09 May 2002 DWF to DWG Converter.htm .1st October 2001 Knowledge Management in the Public Sector .23 Jul 2002 Working Conference on Knowledge Management in E-Government (KMGov2003) vfd Introduction to KM in the Public Sector .htm .29 Oct 2002 nn The Safe Harbor On the Nature of Knowledge Intensive Organisations .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Bellanet Activity Jan 2002 Open Source Community Space ss Sector Unveiled .htm . London.Bellanet Activity Partnership for ICTs in Africa Global Knowledge Partnership vv Bellanet .398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 GURTEEN .16 km_e template Bellanet .31 Jan 2002 gfd Call for Papers 4th Workshop KM in Electronic Government .htm .Activities .Bellanet Activity ICT support for ADEA Bellanet .htm .htm .htm .Activities .htm .29 Oct 2002 bb Introduction to KM in the Public Sector .htm .Bellanet Activity IDS Scoping Study .31 Jan 2002 Bellanet .htm .htm .

htm .Industry Solutions x Compare Prices and Read Reviews on D-Link Standalone Ethernet Switch (24 Port) at Epinions_com D-Link Unmanaged 24 Port 10-100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch .htm .htm .htm .UK prices Commercial Intelligence and Industrial Espionage D-Link Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches .Advocacy Tool for Social Justice D-Link 24 port Managed Fast Ethernet 10-100Mbps Switch .htm .htm .htm .htm .KM_GOV Content and KM Technology Special Interest Group Knowledge Management CoP Objective Download Shareware TraceART . CADSee .UK prices 2 Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe The Integrated Business Intelligence Model Business Intelligence Online Resource Center The Business Intelligence Collection Model The Business Intelligence Collection Model nn Wcal homepage Business Intelligence Online Resource Center mm Compare Prices and Read Reviews on Networking Switch with 12 .htm .htm .24 Ports at Epinions_com Sun Tzu and the Art Of Modern Warfare Comparison Shop for cisco firewall .Comparison Shopping Beyond Compare The Business Intelligence Collection Model bb The Business Intelligence Protection Model gg The Business Intelligence Collection Model bb Sun Tzu and the Art Of Modern Warfare The Book The Business Intelligence Collection Model uu The Integrated Business Intelligence Model gg Business Intelligence Online Resource Center hh Search Results Compare Prices and Read Reviews on Cisco Catalyst 2950 (WS-C2950-24) Networking Switch at Epinions_com Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe history Compare Prices and Read Reviews on Symantec Firewall-VPN 100 (16-0000078) at Epinions_com Sun Tzu and the Art Of Business Strategy Self-Analysis Compare Prices and Read Reviews on 11 Mbps .UK prices DEHAI NEWS MAILING LIST ARCHIVE [dehai-news] Africans to disclose details of oil deals PriceComputing_com Price comparison. Best Deals compare computer prices PAMBAZUKA NEWSLETTER .htm .htm .htm .htm .UN Security Council D-Link Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches .Global Policy Forum . DXF to JPEG.htm . CAD Converter software! KM_GOV .htm .htm .htm Page 117 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . DWG to BMP.100 Mbps PC Firewalls at Epinions_com Compare Prices and Read Reviews on Symantec Firewall-VPN 200R (16-0000080) at Epinions_com SiteBeans TWiki .18 Jun 2003 Commercial Intelligence Module COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE GATHERING Google Search commercial intelligence About A-76 Document Definition INTELLIGENCE .CONTRIBUTORS 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 DWG to JPG.htm .Applying KM in SMEs .htm . DXF to BMP. DXF to TIF Converter KM_GOV .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm . DWG to TIFF.htm .htm .htm .ECNext Welcome to sperrinnetworks_com's cisco firewall Search Results Section Africans to Disclose Details of Oil Deals .NET OFFICE WorldSpace .htm .A Web Based Collaboration Platform x .PriceGrabber_com .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .UK prices Business and industry market research reports .htm .htm .Federal CIO Council's Knowledge Management Working Group Charter Free Graphics Viewers downloads at Free Downloads Center Feedback from IST Project ENKE .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .

htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Datacasting War on Terrorism Home Africa Learning Channel .Free Download The Six Principles from Sun Tzu and the Art of Modern Warfare Cutter Information Corp UNESCO .htm .Best of the Web allAfrica_com President Meets Ministerial Nominees List Now Accommodates Six Ex-Ministers allAfrica_com -.Sierra Leone Special Rep of the Secretary General May Quit to Be Nigeria's Foreign Minister Cyber Terrorism THISDAYonline Best News Sites .htm .htm .htm .htm .Asahi's Wireless Magic Act THISDAYOn-Line 25 Questions TIME_com .UNESCO Free Software Portal xx Competitive Intelligence .htm ..htm .World Best News Sites The New Ministers on the Block 1 Japan Media Review -.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder faeval Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe Services OJR section page one The Safe Harbor vv MIT Business Plan DSpace MIT Libraries Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe Services vvv PAI project .htm .htm .htm .htm .TECH TIME 50 Best Websites — News and Information ECONET Out with One-Week Price Slash Best Science Web Sites.htm .Full News Coverage WorldSpace .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Receivers WORLDSPACE INDUSTRY ALLIANCES The Digital Divide WorldSpace FAQ .htm .htm .What is it Economic and Competitive Intelligence Africa Program -.The Intelligencer-Wheeling NewsRegister Bush Administration Team Reuters Latest Financial News .Nigeria President Meets Ministerial Nominees List Now Accommodates Six Ex-Ministers World Best Websites Website Excellence Awards .Industry Solutions OJR article Are Digital Newspaper Editions More Than Smoke andÿMirrors Jubilee Research Latest News from Jubilee Research Ecuador's Treatment shows the Paris Club is not serious about reform WORLDSPACE FAQ .Communication and Information Sector .htm .htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector . Top Astronomy and Space Sites The Presidency of The Federal Republic of Nigeria Cyber Terrorism BB Obasanjo_asp The Law no one Missed Court's Restrictions On Libraries Wrong .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .exe .htm .htm .htm .Staff Listing Company Spies Competitive Intelligence Programs An Overview (Paper) Economic and Competitive Intelligence ff UNESCO Libraries Portal Libraries-Government-Africa Competitive Intelligence Programs An Overview (Paper) dd allAfrica_com -.UNESCO Free Software Portal vv Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe team Business Intelligence U_S_ Military Intelligence Commercial Intelligence is a key provider of legal and debt collection services in Asia and Europe corporate UNESCO .htm .htm .htm .htm .

Downloads Linux Router Project.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector .UNESCO Portal 3 Cell-phone detonators raise new terrorism concerns CDSware About DSpace Durable Digital Depository MIT Libraries Savannah Welcome PHProjekt . Step by Step.htm .htm .htm .htm .A Web Based Collaboration Platform The Terrorism Research Center vvv GMT .htm .htm .htm .htm .UNESCO Portal The Digital Opportunity Task Force (DOT Force) UNESCO .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Hardware Reviews Mercury News 06-12-2003 Cell-phone detonators raise new terrorism concerns Most Wanted ss Picking Up the Pieces ADSLguide Troubleshooting FAQ ADSLguide ADSL Hardware ADSLguide Technical FAQ ADSLguide ADSLguide Computer Crime Task Forces across the Globe vv ADSLguide ADSL Hardware vv Book Reseller Information cv UNESCO .htm .htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector .htm .htm .August 13.htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector .Communication and Information Sector .htm .The Generic Mapping Tools Fixing Intelligence network sptinstall-1_1_3 MikroTik Routers & Wireless UNESCO .htm .htm .The world of ADSL at your fingertips .htm .UNESCO Portal 2 UNESCO .Internet Solutions for Business .htm .htm .Personal Firewall.htm .txt .Malakoff and Bachtold 301 (5629) 29a The Worst Hosting Service on the internet !!!! Jendayi Frazer's Home Page at Harvard University American President cc VIA NET_WORKS UK .htm . How to The Terrorism Research Center WORLD OF ADSL .htm . 2000 Issue WORLD OF ADSL .htm .htm .UNESCO Portal 4 SourceForge_net Project Filelist MikroTik Routers & Wireless dl Politics Research Group WAPPP and Students MikroTik Routers & Wireless mauals U_S_ Embassy.htm .The world of ADSL at your fingertips .The world of ADSL at your fingertips .htm .htm .htm .CONTRIBUTORS 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 Reporting Internet Problems and Crime PriceSpy .htm .htm .Compare modem-network prices from New Zealand's online computer hardware & component retailers Cyber Terrorism nn Beyond 56K Modems Cable and DSL Computer Crime Task Forces across the Globe Broadband Home Report .htm .htm .htm Free Software Free Software Free Software Free Software Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 119 . Nigeria Press Release TIME Peace Is Hell A Web Site Causes Unease in Police Bush Administration Team cc American President Science -.htm .The world of ADSL at your fingertips .an open source groupware suite TWiki .News Archive Cable Modem Q&A Most Wanted Book Reseller Information WORLD OF ADSL .htm .htm .htm .Downloads c ADSLguide Beginners Guide Summary WORLD OF ADSL .htm .htm .htm .

Internet Dial-In NT Server 139710 .htm .htm . and counterterrorism technology research Amazon_com Books Cyber Forensics A Field Manual for Collecting. No Harm Reported BBC NEWS Have Your Say Nigeria Can strikes solve the problem Checklist Backing up data [Chapter 12] 12_5 Configuring a Dial-In Shell Server EZine .htm .htm .May 5.htm .htm .htm .htm . 2002-Vol_ 160 No_ 18 BBC NEWS Technology Power challenge of new Macs BBC World Home Page A Test of American Compassion BBC NEWS Technology Giant printer goes on show BBC News BUSINESS 'Coolest ever' computer put on ice TIME Europe Magazine An Election's Long Shadow -. and counterterrorism technology research Management Tips Delegation Digging a Hole for the Future Leadership and Policy Main Page Master the art of giving orders to your staff members Learning Technologies Resource Center Research Programs .htm . 2003 Vol_ 161.Institute for Security Technology Studies (ISTS) Dartmouth College .htm . No_ 18 BBC NEWS Africa 'Deaths' in Lagos riots Hackers Hijack PC's for Sex Sites BBC NEWS Africa Q&A Nigeria's fuel strike BBC NEWS World Africa High drama in Abuja The Next Green Revolution To create a mirrored volume Skylab Debris Hits Australian Desert.Oct_ 28.cyber-security.htm .htm .htm .htm . 2003 TIME_com World -.htm .htm . infrastructure protection.htm . and Preserving Evidence of Computer Crimes TIME_com World -.htm .Current Projects Beyond the Clinton Administrations’ Africa Policy Technology Council .htm .htm .htm .Why Africa Has Become a Bush Priority TIME Europe Magazine Black Gold -.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm . cyber forensic tools.Center For Strategic & International Studies Center For Strategic & International Studies Institute for Security Technology Studies (ISTS) .htm .htm .htm .htm .Dial-Up Networking Server Always Answers After One Ring A beginner's guide to Teleworking Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Documentation To back up files with the backup wizard UNDP SU-TICAD How to do just about anything.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm . 2003 Vol_ 161. Bush Speaks Against Slavery TIME Europe Magazine Laughing Matters -. No_ 6 TIME Europe Magazine An Election's Long Shadow -.How to Enable Dial-Up Networking Server Capabilities 153102 .htm .htm .May_ 05.htm .htm .htm . Examining.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Dartmouth College cybersecurity. using Office Templates Publisher tips Administration the easy way Windows 2000 Server Documentation Checklist Creating a mirrored volume Windows 2000 Server Documentation checklist Windows 2000 Server Documentation dail in BP Dail in Best practices Windows 2000 Server Documentation back up Windows 2000 Server Documentation changes Windows 2000 Server Documentation check list BBC NEWS World Letter From America Big Brother is watching Academy Connection Digital Divide Windows 2000 Server Documentation OSFP Setting up a RIP-for-IP routed internetwork Windows 2000 Server Documentation Demand-dial routing security Windows 2000 Server Documentation Troubleshooting TIA Systems To enable the Routing and Remote Access service .htm .htm .Feb_ 10.htm .htm . infrastructure protection.htm .htm .htm .htm .In Senegal.htm .htm .615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 Africa Program -.htm .

htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Free Downloads BBC NEWS Technology Home PCs suffer porn hijack TIME Europe Magazine Cracking The Fat Riddle -.Kaspersky Anti-Virus for Linux Workstation RAV AntiVirus .htm .htm . Statistics dl RAV AntiVirus .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY (tm) Eight ways Windows 2000 deals with your data Protect your network servers by hiding them from users .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .July 7.htm . Antivirus Research.htm .htm . trade publisher of Usborne books BBC NEWS Business How important is African oil PUBLISHING ON THE INTERNET .htm Page 121 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .htm .htm . 2003 Vol_ 162 No_ 2 RAV AntiVirus Website .htm .htm . Statistics Linux .htm .July 7.htm .htm .htm .ISPs-Portals Anti-Virus Solutions Central Command's Global Homepage! RAV AntiVirus Website .htm .htm .htm .July 21.htm . Antivirus Research.htm .htm .htm .htm .Reliable AntiVirus Solutions.htm .Antivirus Scanners . 2003 Vol_ 162 No_ 1 Understand and use your informal leadership role Strategic thinking is the key to proactive management FASTER INTERNET ACCESS CONNECTION GUIDE .htm .htm .CONTRIBUTORS 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 Demand-dial routing design considerations Academy Connection Digital Divide Best Practices Network address translation design considerations RealNetworks RealSystem Firewall Support Components of Windows 2000 dial-up networking University of Alabama in Huntsville The static routed environment Understanding routing BBC NEWS Africa Idi Amin's 'condition worsens' Administration tools in mixed environments The Next Wave Routing overview RealPlayer Tell me more__ Checklist Installing and configuring the router Academy Connection Digital Divide Least Developed Countries PPTP-based router-to-router VPN Way to Grow Checklist Defining IPSec policies Start IP Security Policy Management Understanding routing xx How IPSec works Internet Fraud Complaint Center Establishing an IPSec security plan Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Documentation BP Back up Best practices RAID Best practices Academy Connection Digital Divide Digital Divide Issues Academy Connection Course Catalog Academy Connection Course Catalog xx BBC NEWS Technology Homeland security goes online BBC NEWS Technology Bloggers take on politicians BBC NEWS Technology Online communities get real BBC NEWS Business Americans say 'do not call me' I'm Working As Hard As I Can.htm .htm . 2003 Vol_ 162 No_ 1 FOCUS ON COMMUNICATIONSÿ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Giant strides recorded in the communica COUNTRY CODES .htm .htm .Reliable AntiVirus Solutions.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY (tm) TIME Asia Magazine What You Can Do to live long and well -. but It's Not Enough for My Boss BBC NEWS World Africa Is the US Africa's friend or foe BBC NEWS World Americas Bush's big African ambitions BBC NEWS World Africa Pentagon eyes Liberia in Africa rethink EDC Publishing.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Internet Public Library(tm) New managers must find balance between tech and management duties TIME Europe Magazine Sex! Lies! Conspiracy! -.

htm .htm .htm .htm .Tablet PCs The Write Stuff Yahoo! News .htm .Reviews Director-General of UNESCO on official visit to Nigeria (18 Economist_com Electronic Thesis E-mail Focus on communication header His father's shadow International Association for Small Hydro International Association for Small Hydro-1 IPS .Virtual Library Is Race Real MSN Careers .InvenSys 40KVA-28KW 480V Input A40401610031113 .htm .htm .htm .htm .15kva ups .htm .htm . goods.Tech Tuesday BBC NEWS Technology 'Critical' flaw found in Windows BBC NEWS Technology E-mail virus uses Bill Gates BBC NEWS Technology Virus makes unwelcome return BBC NEWS Technology Flaw exposes Microsoft ID service BBC NEWS World Africa Gambian freeze on polygamy Crunch time One victim every minute Policy implications of the brain drain's changing face As globalisation speeds on.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Price .htm .Review .htm . UK A Survey of Current Library Preservation Activities African Internet Status AISI Home Akinwande promoted American Micronic Instruments BBC NEWS Business Nigeria's digital revolution Compare Prices at NexTag .htm .htm .htm .htm . services and people are moving across national borders as never before How China trained a new generation abroad The first world's role in third world brain drain Foreign training must meet domestic needs 10KVA UPS systems.htm .htm .INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY (tm) BBC NEWS Technology US eyes Big Brother plan New Ministers sworn in Five More Ministers Sworn In Download Zope Products What Is Zope About Zope_org Installing Zope Zope Products Creating Basic Zope Applications New User How-To's Administrator How-To's xx Site Developer How-To's Writing Official Zope Documentation Yahoo! News .MICROSOFT AND OTHER INTERNET SOFTWARE PROBLEMS .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Buy .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Three Negotiating No-Nos for Women National ICT Networks The Nigerian Field UNESCO (3_01b) National Virtual (Digital) Library Project UNESCO (3_01b) Nigeria Multipurpose Community Telecentre Programme UNESCO (3_01b) Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology (IT) UNESCO (3_01b) .htm .Buy .731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 SciDev_Net Identity Theft Resource Center A Nonprofit Organization Simputer computers for the poor or an idealistic dream Inmagic DB-Text WebPublisher found 1 records NGO Women Index BBC NEWS Technology US snooping plan blocked INTERNET STANDARDS .htm .htm .htm . on line.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .Reviews Compare Prices at NexTag .Price .htm .Review .htm .The Softer Side Yahoo! News .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .

htm .htm .url .htm .htm .htm .htm . Computer Scientists. Computer Scientists.htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 123 .Free Software (OSS-FS) Look at th Why Open Source Software .Communication and Information Sector .htm .UNESCO F (3) UNESCO .htm .htm .htm .UPS .htm .UNESCO F (1) UNESCO .htm .UNESCO F (2) UNESCO .htm .htm .htm . 891075-41 Science.Continental Connectivity Indicators African Internet Infrastructure Information AISI National ICT Profiles Egypt AISI National ICT Profiles Nigeria AISI National ICT Profiles Nigeria 2 AISI National ICT Profiles South Africa ICT Update.htm .htm .Communication and Information Sector .htm . and Database Administrators Systems Analysts.htm .htm .CONTRIBUTORS 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 PC Connection MGE UPS Systems. and Database Administrators XX Table of Contents for Copyright Bulletin (Digital version on Texas A&M Agriculture Program -.htm .htm .Continental Connectivity Indicator African Internet Access .htm .Communication and Information Sector .htm .Africa Map Internetology .htm . particularly those held in libraries and archives UNESCO (3_01b) Guidelines for Digitization Projects for collections and hol Status of Telecommunications Privatization and Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa Africa Map of Internet Hosts African Internet Access . MGE UPS Pulsar EXL .htm .htm .htm .7500 VA .Communication and Information Sector .htm .Africa Map NSRC Africa Maps Resources and Links for African Internet Infrastructure Info Resources and Links for African Internet Infrastructure Information Status of Telecommunications Privatization and Sector Reform Resources and Links for African Internet Infrastructure Info Resources and Links for African Internet Infrastructure Information Status of Telecommunications Privatization and Sector Reform .htm .htm .htm .htm .htm .UNESCO Free UPS Products USHydro .htm .How to Write Impact Statements The New York Public Library Digital Library Collection UNESCO .Free Software (OSS-FS) Look at the Numbers! preview2 Guidelines for Digitization Projects for collections and holdings in the public domain.htm .Activities and Initiatives Web Hosting Update (III) Managing Brown-Outs Welcome to Jidaw Systems Welcome to the Learning Access Institute Why Open Source Software . a current awareness bulletin for ACP agriculture International E-mail accessibility .UPS battery. Technology and ICT in Nigeria UNESCO (3_01b) Small HydroPower Handbook Small Hydropower Systems STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY EFFICIENT AND RENEWABLE ELECTRIC POWER POWER GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION IN NIGERIA Surge Protection in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits – An 8-part Anthology Systems Analysts.htm .

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS .

List of Higher Education Institutions Visited Sn 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 Higher Education Institution Name Adamawa State University Adamawa State Polytechnic Federal College of Education Federal University of Science and Technology Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Federal Polytechnic School Of Midwifery College of Ecumenical Studies Dental College of Technology Enugu State University of Science and Technology Institute of Management Technology University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital University of Nigeria Federal Ministry of Education Federal Ministry of Science and Technology National Library of Nigeria National Commission for UNESCO National Commission for Colleges of Education National Education Technology Centre (has since been absorbed in to NOUN) National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) National Universities Commission Nigerian Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) University of Abuja College of Forestry (Mechanised) Kaduna Polytechnic National Board for Technical Education National Teachers Institute School of Nursing. Barkin Ladi Federal College of Forestry School Of Midwifery School of Nursing University of Jos Rivers State Polytechnic College of Education Rivers State University of Science and Technology Town Mubi Yola Yola Yola Bauchi Bauchi Bauchi Enugu Enugu Enugu Enugu Enugu Nsukka Abuja Abuja Abuja Abuja Abuja Kaduna Abuja Abuja Abuja Abuja Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Zaria Zaria Zaria Zaria Zaria Kano Kano Kano Kano Lagos Lagos Minna Minna Minna Bukuru Jos Jos Jos Jos Bori P/Harcout P/Harcout State Adamawa Adamawa Adamawa Adamawa Bauchi Bauchi Bauchi Enugu Enugu Enugu Enugu Enugu Enugu FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT Kaduna FCT FCT FCT FCT Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna* Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna* Kaduna Kano Kano Kano Kano Lagos Lagos Niger Niger Niger Plateau Plateau Plateau Plateau Plateau Rivers Rivers Rivers * * . St Gerards School of Post Basic Nursing Ahmadu Bello University College of Agriculture Federal College of Education Leather Research Institute School of Nursing Bayero University Kano State College of Education Kano State Polytechnic School Of Midwifery University Of Lagos Yaba College of Technology College of Education Federal University of Science and Technology School of Nursing Plateau State Polytechnic.

P/Harcout P/Harcout P/Harcout Rivers Rivers Rivers Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 126 .HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 52 School of Midwifery 53 School of Nursing 54 University of Port Harcourt NB: * Institutions that were closed at the time of the visit.

ABUJA NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY NIGERIAN ARABIC LANGUAGE VILLAGE NIGERIAN DEFENCE ACADEMY NIGERIAN FRENCH LANGUAGE NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF ABUJA UNIVERSITY OF BENIN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN UNIVERSITY OF JOS UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI 1988 1962 1975 1975 1988 1988 1981 1982 1980 1988 1992 1992 1975 2002 1992 1985 1992 1992 1962 1988 1970 1975 1948 1975 1975 1962 1975 BAUCHI ZARIA KANO ZARIA ABEOKUTA MAKURDI AKURE MINNA OWERRI YOLA UMUDIKE ABA ABUJA LAGOS NGALA KADUNA BADAGRY AWKA ILE-IFE GWAGWALADA BENIN CALABAR IBADAN ILORIN JOS LAGOS MAIDUGURI BAUCHI KADUNA KANO KADUNA OGUN BENUE ONDO NIGER IMO ADAMAWA ABIA ABIA FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY LAGOS BORNO KADUNA LAGOS ANAMBRA OYO FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY EDO CROSS RIVER OYO KWARA PLATEAU LAGOS BORNO NORTH-EAST NORTH-WEST NORTH-WEST NORTH-WEST SOUTH-WEST NORTHCENTRAL SOUTH-WEST NORTHCENTRAL SOUTH-EAST NORTH-EAST SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-EAST NORTH-CENTRAL SOUTH-WEST NORTH-EAST NORTH-WEST SOUTH-WEST SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-WEST NORTHCENTRAL SOUTHSOUTH SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-WEST NORTHCENTRAL NORTHCENTRAL SOUTH-WEST NORTH-EAST 6.847 18.692 14.164 4.486 11.328 22.616 1.850 7.598 6.947 20.422 7.680 21.892 23.683 "97/98 "97/98 .605 15.256 6.275 "98/99 "97/98 717 6.295 16.145 2.397 22.175 4.List of Universities Federal Universities FEDERAL UNIVERSITY-INSTITUTION FOUNDED MAIN CAMPUS TOWN STATE GEO-POLITICAL ZONE Student Population (1999/00) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY BAUCHI AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY BAYERO UNIVERSITY DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES (DAC) FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE ABEOKUTA FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE MAKURDI FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY OWERRI FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY YOLA MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR NIGERIAN LANGUAGES NATIONAL MATHEMATICAL CENTRE.

761 22.223 10.042 14.166 9.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 28 29 30 31 UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT UNIVERSITY OF UYO USMAN DANFODIO UNIVERSITY Total Population 1960 1975 1991 1975 NSUKKA PORT HARCOURT UYO SOKOTO ENUGU RIVERS AKWA IBOM SOKOTO SOUTH-EAST SOUTHSOUTH SOUTHSOUTH NORTH-WEST 28.166 "97/98 Private Universities PRIVATE UNIVERSITY-INSTITUTION FOUNDED MAIN CAMPUS TOWN STATE GEO-POLITICAL ZONE Student Population (1999/00) 1 2 ABTI UNIVERSITY.864 "98/99 "98/99 "98/99 "97/98 10.366 312.202 19.403 4.710 16.338 134.236 14.581 13.125 9.125 2.344 "98/99 "97/98 State Universities STATE UNIVERSITY-INSTITUTION FOUNDED MAIN CAMPUS TOWN STATE GEO-POLITICAL ZONE Student Population (1999/00) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY ADAMAWA STATE UNIVERSITY ADEKUNLE AJASIN UNIVERITY AMBROSE ALLI UNIVERSITY ANAMBRA STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECH BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY IMO STATE UNIVERSITY KANO STATE UNIVERSITY LADOKE AKINTOLA UNIVERSITY LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY NASSARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY NIGER DELTA UNIVERSITY OLABISI ONABANJO (OGUN STATE) UNIVERSITY PRINCE ABUBAKAR AUDU (KOGI STATE) UNIVERSITY RIVERS STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF ADO-EKITI Total Population 1981 2002 1999 1980 2002 1992 1992 2000 1981 1992 2000 1990 1983 2001 2002 1982 1999 1979 1988 UTURU MUBI AKUNGBA AKOKO EKPOMA ULI MAKURDI ABRAKA ABAKALIKI ENUGU OWERRI WUDIL OGBOMOSHO LAGOS KEFFI YENAGOA AGO-IWOYE ANYIGBA PORTHARCOUR T ADO-EKITI ABIA ADAMAWA ONDO EDO ANAMBRA BENUE DELTA EBONYI ENUGU IMO KANO OSUN LAGOS NASARAWA BAYELSA OGUN KOGI RIVERS EKITI SOUTH-EAST NORTH-EAST SOUTH-WEST SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-EAST NORTHCENTRAL SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-EAST NORTH-WEST SOUTH-WEST SOUTH-WEST NORTH-CENTRAL SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-WEST NORTH-CENTRAL SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-WEST 10584 1714 17. YOLA BABCOCK UNIVERSITY 2003 1999 YOLA ILISHAN-REMO ADAMAWA OGUN NORTH-EAST SOUTH-WEST 593 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 128 .

720 448. . Most Universities offer Certificate and remedial courses which NUC does not track.230 58 NOTE: We believe that these statistics under report the true student population.3 4 5 6 7 8 BENSON IDAHOSA UNIVERSITY BOWEN UNIVERSITY COVENANT UNIVERSITY IGBINEDION UNIVERSITY MADONNA UNIVERSITY PAN AFRICAN UNIVERSITY Total Population GRAND TOTAL POPULATION Total Number of Universities 2002 2001 2002 1999 1999 2002 BENIN IWO OTA OKADA OKIJA LAGOS EDO OSUN OGUN EDO ANAMBRA LAGOS SOUTHSOUTH SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-WEST SOUTHSOUTH SOUTH-EAST SOUTH-WEST 111 1016 1. NUC collects enrolment information of students enrolled in courses that it has accredited. This is because: 1 2 3 The statistics are not current and reflect only what is available from the NUC.

Oko Orumba Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy Kaduna Polytechnic Yaba College of Technology Total Population Uwana. Offa Federal Polytechnic.B.M.M. Yaba. Nekede Federal Polytechnic Federal Polytechnic.List of Polytechnics Federal Polytechnics FEDERAL POLYTECHNICS FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LOCATION STATE STUDENT POPULATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Akanu Ibiam Federal polytechnic Auchi Polytechnic Auchi Federal Polytechnic Ado Federal Polytechnic Federal Polytechnic Bida Federal Polytechnic Damaturu Federal Polytechnic Ede Fedral Polytechnic. 801043 Oko Orumba North L. Damaturu. Tel: 047-66707 P.G.M. Bida. 2001.B.B.M.B.B.A.M. 50. Ilaro Fedral Polytechnic.B.B.B. 001.B.M.B. 35. 2021. P. Tel: 01-800160 Ebonyi Edo Ekiti Bauchi Niger Yobe Osun Kogi Ogun Adamawa Nasarawa Imo Zamfara Kwara Anambra Enugu Kaduna Lagos N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A . Auchi.M.B. Idah. P. P. Ilaro. 1007. Tel: 058-800118 P. Ede.M. P.M. Enugu. Nasarawa Federal Polytechnic. Kaura Namoda. 1037. P. P. 231. Afikpo P. Mubi Federal Polytechnic. Tel: 033440609 P.M. Kaduna.B. 0231 Bauchi.M.M.M.M. 5351 Ado Ekiti. Mubi. Nasarawa. TeL: 031801165. Tel: 063-60452 P.B.B. Idah Federal Polytechnic. 1006. 13. 420 Offa. 1036. P. P. Owerri. P.B. P.M. Trans Ekulu.

B. Otukpo.B. Abeokuta.B. P. P. Tel: 031-221441 P. Yola. Bauchi. Calabar.B. Maiduguri.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS State Polytechnics STATE POLYTECHNIC STATE POLYTECHNICS LOCATION STATE STUDENT POPULATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Abdul-Gusau Polytechnic Abia State Polytechnic Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Adamawa State Polytechnic Akwa-Ibom State Polytechnic Benue State Polytechnic Ekwenugo Okeke Polytechnic Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic Hussaini Adamu Polytechnic Institute of Management and Technology Kaduna State Polytechnic Kano State Polytechnic Kebbi State Polytechnic Kogi State Polytechnic Kwara State Polytechnic Lagos State Polytechnic Moshood Abiola Polytechnic Niger State Polytechnic Ondo State Polytechnic Osun State College of Technology Osun State Polytechnic Plateau State Polytechnic Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri River State Polytechnic The Polytechnic Calabar The Polytechnic Ibadan Total Population Talata Mafara.B. Tel: 01-523528 P. P. Zamfara Abia Bauchi Adamawa Akwa-Ibom Benue Anambra Katsina Jigawa Enugu Kaduna Kano Kebbi Kogi Kwara Lagos Ogun Niger Ondo Osun Osun Plateau Borno Rivers Cross River Oyo N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 131 . Tel: 051-41433 Esa-Oke. 1079. Tel: 069-32841. P.M. 5063.M.M. 5004. P. 42548 P.B. P. 1017.M. Abia. 02. Kabba Road.M.B.B.M.B. Bukuru. 3401.M.M.M.B. P. 1110. Kano. P.M.M.M. 1061. 1019. 166. 0094. Tel: 066-710380 P.M.B.B.M.M.B. Zaria. Owo.M. Enugu. Ikot Osurua. Bori. Katsina.M. Enugu.M. Ilorin.B.B. Ugbokolo. P. Iree.B. 2052. Birnin Kebbi. 1200.B. P. 20. P. P. P. Uli.M. P.B. Ikot-Ekpene. Tel: 042-251145 P. Zungeru.M. 2215.B. 301.B. 02023.B.M. 2146. Lokoja. P. 21606. Kazaure. Tel: 077-42196. 2210. Ikeja. Barkin Ladi. 33031 P. 1101.

23/25 Allegun Road. Gbogan Road. Ogun State.B. Tel: 01-2881556 55. 230157. Beside Habib Bank Osogbo. and not actual enrollement as at a particular date. Abuja Ikeja. Ikeja-Lagos. 21746. Adealu B/Stop Dopemu Lagos.M. Fakunle high School.B. We believe that Polytechnics in urban locations often have at least twice the number of students that the NBTE statistics show.Private Polytechnics POLYTECHNIC PRIVATE POLYTECHNICS LOCATION STATE STUDENT POPULATION 1 2 3 4 Abuja School of Accountancy and Computer Studies Lagos City Polytechnic Our Saviour Institute of Science and Technology Ronik Polytechnic Bwari. 9600543 Enugu.O. 230157.M. 009. Most Polytechnics offer a range of Certificate and remedial courses which NBTE does not track. Tel: 01-7742656.O. We also believe that the formal statistics under report the true student population. Ile-Ife. NITEL Road. Bwari Area Council. P. Tel: 035-241542 FCT Lagos Enugu Lagos N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 The Universal College of Technology Osun N/A 6 Wolex Polytechnic Ogun Lagos Osun N/A Total Population N/A GRAND TOTAL POPULATION Total Number of Polytechincs N/A 50 NOTE: The Statistics obtained from NBTE gave admission and graduation statistics. Tel: 036-231157. P. 7745849 P.Box 6322. Ikeja Lagos. P. Obafemi Awolowo University Post Office. Garki. . 233067 Abeokuta Expressway. Tel: 01-4970455. Ile Epo B/S Ejigbo. NBTE only collects enrolment information of polytechnic students enrolled in courses that NBTE has accredited.Box 1520. Osun State.

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS List of Colleges of Education Federal Colleges of Education S/n COLLEGE LOCATION STATE STUDENT POPULATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal Federal College College College College College College College College College College College College College College College College College College of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education Education (Technical) (Technical) (Technical) (Technical) (Technical) Abeokuta Akoka Asaba Bichi Eha-Amufu Gombe Gusau Kano Katsina Kontogora Obudu (Technical) (Special) (Technical) (Technical) Okene Omoko Ondo Oyo Pankshin Potiskum Umunze Yola Zaria Ilorin Federal College of Education Federal College of Education Nigerian Army Education Corps and school (Training Branch. Ekaidolor College of Education Kaduna State College of Education.636 2.711 5.034 1. Ibrahim El-Kanemi College of Education (Science & Technology) Isa Kaita College of Education College of Education.290 1.660 502 840 734 1.344 547 1.352 2. Gidan Waya College of Education College of Education College of Education Tai Solarin College of Education Ekiti State College of Education Osun State College of Education Ila-Orangun Osun State College of Education Ilesa Kwara State College of Education College of Education Benue State College of Education Kano State College of Education Afaha-Nsit Agbor Akamkpa Akwanga Ankpa Argungu Arochukwu Azare Bama Dutsin-Ma Benin City Gashua Kafanchan Gindiri Gumel Hong Ijebu-Ode Ikere Ekiti Ila-Orangun Ilesa Ilorin Jalingo Katsina-Ala kumbotso AkwaIbom Delta Cross River Nassar awa Kogi Kebbi Abia Bauchi Borno Katsina Edo Yobe Kaduna Plateau Jigawa Adama wa Ogun Ekiti Osun Osun Kwara Taraba Benue Kano STUDENT POPULATION 545 2.035 783 7.252 2.058 3.571 3.650 State Colleges of Education S/n COLLEGE LOCATION STATE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Akwa Ibom State College of Education Delta State College of Education Cross River State College of Education Nassarawa State College of Education Kogi State College of Education Kebbi State College of Education Abia State College of Education (Tech.135 4.760 2.633 3.213 3.152 321 791 1.264 Page 133 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment .399 1.229 2.208 3.611 192 54.268 1.167 1.146 2.892 1.446 2.647 1.460 5.195 1.027 2. Ilorin) Total Population Ogun Lagos Delta Kano Enugu Gombe Zamfar a Kano Katsina Niger Cross River Kogi Rivers Ondo Oyo Plateau Yobe Anamb ra Adama wa Kaduna Kwara 3.105 600 2.883 2.012 1.742 3.670 2.) College of Education Umar Ibn.

533 528 2.834 5.718 Private Colleges of Education S/n COLLEGE LOCATION STATE 1 2 3 4 5 St.T Zamfar a 602 959 2. College of Education Zamfara State College of Education Total Population Oto- Lafiagi Maiduguri Minna Noforija Onitsha Oro Lagos Oturkpo Owerri Oyo Port-Harcourt Sokoto Waka-Biu Warri Zuba Maru Kwara Borno Niger Lagos Anamb ra Kwara Lagos Benue Imo Oyo Rivers Sokoto Borno Delta F. Oju Alvan Ikoku College of Education Oyo State College of Education Rivers State College of Education Shehu Shagari College of Education College of Education College of Education F.332 586 2.912 2. (Thinkers Corner) Our Savior's Institute of Science.124 2. (Project Time) Institute of Ecumenical Education.750 1.T. U/Sarki Sulaiman College of Arabic & Islamic Studies Total Population Yaba Enugu Enugu Kaduna Ososa Lagos Enugu Enugu Kaduna Ogun STUDENT POPULATION 426 229 75 75 805 GRAND TOTAL POPULATION Total Number of Colleges of Education 126.869 104 70.088 2. Agriculture and Technology College of Education Islamic College of Education.C. Nsugbe College of Education Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education Ijanikin College of Education.25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 College of Education (Technical) Sir Kashim Ibrahim State College of Education Niger State College of Education Lagos State College of Education (Primary) Nwafor Orizu College of Education.504 1.C. Augustine's College of Education.581 1.173 66 .

L. Imo State A. Akwa Ibom State Ituk-Mbang. Ogun State Saki. Oyo State Ogoja. Imos State Afikpo. Abia State Abiriba. Bauchi State Bishop Shanahan Hospital. Oyo State Sapele.H. Kano State Makurdi. Abeokuta. Anambra State Ijebu-Ode. Abeokuta. Osun State Port Harcourt. Taraba State Maiduguri.. Nsukka.B. Jos. Plateau State Nkpor.U. Abia State Aboh-Mbaise. Kogi State Ihiala. Cross River State Catholic Hospital. Benue State Murtala Mohammed Hospital.T. Borno State Kafanchan.N. Ogun State Obudu. Enugu State Bauchi. Kaduna. Katsina State Kano.A. Plateau State Oba Ademola. Anambra State Jalingo. Oluyoro. Anambra State O. Benue State Hospital. Yaba. Delta State Awgu.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS List of Mono-technics Schools of Midwifery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School School School School School School School School School School School of of of of of of of of of of of Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Awo-Omama. Lagos State Mkar.H. Rivers State Secred Heart Hospital. Delta State Imo Kaduna Abia Abia Imo Ebonyi Ondo Abia Akwa Ibom Delta Enugu Bauchi Enugu Cross River Oyo Kogi Imo Enugu Kogi Anambra Ogun Kwara Akwa Ibom Akwa Ibom Anambra Taraba Borno Kaduna Katsina Kano Benue Lagos Benue Plateau Anambra Plateau Ogun Cross River Oyo Cross River Osun Rivers Ogun Oyo Delta Page 135 School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School School School School School School School School School School School School School School School School School School School of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School School School School School School of of of of of of Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery School of Midwifery School of Midwifery Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . Ogun State Ilorin. Ebonyi State Akure. Kaduna State Katsina. Oyo State Egbe.T.. Akwa Ibom State Asaba. Cross River State Ogbomoso. Hospital. Cross River State Osogbo. Kogi State Emekuku. Enugu. Kaduna State Aba. Ogidi. Jos. Enugu State Calabar. Anyigba. Ondo State Amachara. Imo State U. Kwara State Iquita-Onon. Abia State Anua-Uyo. Enugu State Grimard Hospital. Akwa Ibom State Iyi-Enu Hospital.

Plateau State Waterside. Benin City. Ondo State Awolowo Road. Abia State General Hospital Bauchi. Onitsha. Edo State Urua-Akpan.. Delta State Bida. Kogi State Eja Memorial Hospital. Plateau State Damaturu. Edo State State Hospital. Kaduna State Abeokuta. Cross River State Eleiyele. Zaria.. Katsina State . Oyo State Yola.U. of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing O. Enugu State Christian Hospital. Osun State A.. Ibadan. Anambra State Wesley Guild Hospital. Ibadan. Ibadan. Ibom State Ikot-Ekpene. Edo State Sokoto Edo Edo Edo Enugu Oyo Abia Edo Akwa Ibom Plateau Anambra Osun Kaduna Oyo Adamawa Kaduna Edo School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School School School School School of of of of of Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery User Statistics are Not available Schools of Nursing 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Dept. Makurdi.U. Ogun State Afikpo.T. Kaduna State Yemetu.. Nsukka.H. Osun State Wusasa. Niger State Birnin-kudu. Eku. Edo State U.A. Benue State Christian hospital. Sokoto State St. Egbe.N. Lagos State Baptist Hospital. Jigawa State Bishop Shanahan Hospital.46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School of Midwifery School School School School School School School of of of of of of of Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Midwifery Sokoto. Ile-Ife.C. Vom. Ikoyi. Jos. Kaduna State Zuma Memorial Hospital Irrua.H.H. Yobe State ECWA.H. Ile-Ife. Ebonyi State Akure. Amachara U. Oyo State Umuahia.B.T. Oyo State General Hospital Aba. Akwa Ibom State Murtala Muhammed Hospital. Itigidi. Philomena's Hospital Benin City. Adamawa State Zonkwa. Bauchi State General Hospital.B. Akwa Osun Kaduna Ogun Ebonyi Ondo Lagos Delta Niger Jigawa Enugu Benue Plateau Yobe Kogi Cross River Oyo Abia Bauchi Akwa Ibom Katsina General Hospital. edo State U. Abia State Uromi.T. Katsina. Benin City.

Lagos State Military Hospital. Cross River State General Hospital. Akwa Ibom Ituk-Mbang.U.H. Idi-Araba. Kaduna. State Benue Borno Kogi Cross River Imo Sokoto Delta Imo Kwara Akwa Ibom Akwa Ibom Anambra Taraba Imo Kaduna Lagos Lagos FCT Anambra Plateau Osun Osun Oyo Anambra Enugu Rivers Abia Osun Oyo Kaduna Akwa Ibom Imo Kaduna Edo Ogun Eket. Maiduguri.T. Ogidi. Rivers State Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Ijebu-Ode. Luke's Hospital.C Ilesa. Enugu State Port-Harcourt.D.T. Jos.U. Owerri. Anua Uyo. Oyo State St.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing &Midwifery School of Nursing &Midwifery School of Nursing School School School School of of of of Nursing Nursing Nursing Nursing General Hospital Markurdi.A.H. Ile-Ife. Emekuku. Gerards Hospital. Anambra State Jalingo. Kaduna State St. Imo State St. FCT Adazi. Oyo State Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital Anambra State Ihiala.. Osun State Saki. Wusasa. Kaduna State L. Yaba. Edo State State Hospital.U. Hospital.T. School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing School of Nursing Parklane General Hospital Enugu. Ogoja. Osun State Ogbomoso. Anambra State Murtala Mohammed Hospital. Kwara State Immanuel Hospital. Lagos State Abuja. Kogi State General Hospital.H. Delta State Holy Rosary Hospital. Umuahia. Imo State Ilorin. Borno State General hospital. Taraba State Joint Hospital.. Akwa Ibom State St. Plateau State O. Obangede. Kaduna State State Hospital.A. Amigbo. Ile-Ife. Sokoto State General Hospital. Mary's Hospital. Sokoto. Warri. Osun State O. Mbano. Akwa Ibom State Iyi-Enu Hospital. Luke's Hospital. Benue State General Hospital. Imo State General Hospital.A. Benin City. Imo State Kafanchan. Ogun State Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 137 . Abia State S.

P.Kaduna State P. Edo State U.B 5029.H.57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 School of Nursing School of Nursing School School School School of of of of Nursing Nursing Nursing Nursing State Hospital. Benue State Obio-Akpa. Oyo State U.B. Ogun State Uselu.M. Obowo. Benin City. Kogi State P.B 33.N. 1001. Osun State U.M.Nasarawa State P. 181.. Vom of Animal Production of Animal Production Ondo Abia Oyo Oyo 17 P. Maiduguri.Vom.H. Enugu State U.B 1025. Ibom State.M.H. Zuru.B 1. Enugu. Sokoto State U.Taraba State P. Borno State Mando Road. Kano State P. Akwa Ibom State Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Aro Abeokuta.B 205. P.M.B 5.M.U.B 5029.M. Kebbi State Audu Bako school of Agriculture. Imo State Yola.B 7008.Jalingo. Umuahia.M. Benin City.Delta State Mechanization.. Sokoto.B 1018.Kabba. Agbor.H. Ondo State P. Ibadan.M. Ibadan. P. Anambra State.M.M. Abia State P.M.B 2273. Km 17 Afaka..T. Delta State State Hospital.M.B 623. Ozoro. Adamawa State Aba.Plateau State Plateau . Lafia.D..M. Osogbo.B. Gboko.B. Edo State Delta Osun Edo Enugu Oyo Sokoto Borno Imo Adamawa Abia Akwa Ibom Ogun Edo School of Nursing School School School School School of of of of of Nursing Nursing Psychiatric Nursing Psychiatric Nursing Psychiatric Nursing School of Psychiatric Nursing User Statistics are Not available Colleges of Agriculture and Cooperative 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Akperan Orshi Agriculture Akwa-Ibom Agriculture College College College of of of P. Kaduna State P. Akwa Benue Akwa Ibom Anambra Borno Kaduna Taraba Kogi Nasarawa Kebbi Kano Delta Kaduna Anambra State Agriculture Igbariam.B.C.T.Kaduna-Lago.M.T. Abia State Eket.M.B 2134.H. 1427. Oyo State Borno College of Agriculture College of Agriculture Animal Science and College of Agriculture Jalingo College of Agriculture Kabba College of Agriculture Lafia College of Agriculture Zuru Colleges of Agriculture Danbata Delta State Agriculture Federal College Kaduna-Lago College of of Foresty 13 14 15 16 Federal College of Agriculture Akure Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu Federal College of Agriculture Moor Plantation Federal College Health and Technology Federal College Health and Technology. Borno State Umuogho.T. Abak. Oyo State P. Danbata.. Maiduguri. Akure.M. Ibadan.P.

M. Kaduna State Bauchi.B 520.Box 249. Obubra.Ondo State. P.B Resouce of of Niger State Agriculture Plateau State Agriculture College College Samaru College of Agriculture School of Agriculture Animal Husbandry and School of Agriculture Bauchi Bauchi 39 School of Agriculture Katsina Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic.058-500555 P.B 268. Jos.M. Umuagwo.M. Niger State Kaduna Lagos Plateau Oyo Niger Federal College of Freshwater Fishries Technology Federal College Management Federal Zaria Federal Eleyele Federal Argu of Wildlife College College College Wildlife 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 P.M.Bauchi State Ali Polytechnic. Plateau State.M.net.B 268.P. Kaduna State. Lagos State P. KadunaState P.B 1126. Oyo State.M.610121. Ondo. Zaria.M. Niger State P.Tel.1034.M.Zaria.M.B 2035.Lagos State P.Barakin Lad.034610050.Plateau Niger Kaduna Oyo Anambra Niger Plateau Plateau CrossRiver Kogi Imo Kaduna Niger Plateau Kaduna Bauchi Cooperative Corperative Corperative of Federal School Management Federal Soil School Kuru Conservation Field School of Archeology Ibrahim Babangida College of Agriculture Kogi State Agriculture Michael Okpara Agriculture National Institute Water College College of of P.B 109. Eleyele.P. Ibadan.New Bussa. Abubakar Tatari 0094.M.ng Katsina 40 41 School of Agriculture Ikorodu Adeyemi College of Education Lagos Ondo Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 139 .CrossRiver State Osara Via Okene.M.610626.M.B 5054.Katsina State.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 18 19 20 21 22 Federal College of Chemical and Leather Technology Federal College of Fishery and Marine Technology Federal College of Forestry Jos Federal College of Technology Ibadan Foresty P. Mokwa.610151. P.EMail:adeyemicollege@cyberspace.M. Yelwa.M.B State 2006.New Bussa.B 7. Kaduna State P. Enugu.Oweri Imo State P.B 2019.Kogi State.B 1058. P.Plateau State. Ibadan. Ikorodu. Argu.New Bussa.B 12729.Victorial Island. Niger State Garkawa. Bauchi State.B 1500.Plateau State P.Tel.P.B 1471. Niger State P.M.M. Oyo State P. Zaria.B 2309.O. Kaduna.B.B 102. Anambra State.M.Forof.M.Lagos. Oyonum. Kuru Via Jos.

2370. Edo State Calabar.B.B. Sokoto State Kaduna Lagos Plateau Lagos Ogun Oyo Edo Cross River Oyo Kwara Borno Enugu Rivers Sokoto User Statistics are Not available Armed Forces and other Security Agencies Training School 1 Armoured Corps Centre and School (A. Borno State P. 1414.educ. Sokoto. Kaduna State Lagos P.038240917/240040. 12003. Edo State Calabar. Fax:038-240040. Oyo State Benin.educ.M.M. Kwara State P. Sokoto State Benin City.M. Cross River State Awada Bawa.ng Oyo User Statistics are Not available Schools of Health Technology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Department Health of Community UNICAL.M. Cross River State Mubi.M. Plateau State P. Lagos State Shagamu. Tel.fceoyo.C. Rivers State Vom near Jos Plateau State Cross River Sokoto Edo Cross River Adamawa Rivers Plateau School of Health Technology School of Health Technology School of Health Technology School of Health Technology School of Health Technology School of Medical and Health Technology User Statistics are Not available Other Institutions Teaching Hospitals 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Federal School of Radiography Jos University Teaching Hospital Lagos University Teaching Hospital Ogun State University Teaching Hospital University College Hospital University of Benin Teaching Hospital University of Calabar teaching Hospital University of Ibadan Vertinery Teaching Hospital University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital Usman Dan Fodio Teaching Hospital Zaria. Oyo State Ilorin. Enugu State Port-Harcourt. Rivers State P.EMail:spedoyo@ceoyo.M. Enugu.S) Bauchi. Cross River State Ibadan. Bauchi State Bauchi .ng http:/ www.B.B. Calabar. 01129.B. Oyo State. Ogun State Ibadan.42 FederalCollege (Special) of Education P. Adamawa State Rumuene.C. Port Harcourt. Maiduguri. 2076 Jos.Oyo.B 1089.

Edo State Kwara Lagos 4 Ehin Security & Investigations Services Ltd Ondo 5 Halogen Limited Security Company Lagos 6 7 8 9 10 11 Immigration Staff College Command and Sokoto Kano Imo Rivers Kaduna Lagos Abuja Immigration Training School Immigration Training School Immigration Training School Infantry Centre and Schools (I. Ikeja. Nigeria Defence Academy Nigeria Military School Nigeria Prisons Staff College Nigeria Prisons Training College Nigeria Prisons Training School Nigerian (NABC) Army Band Corps Abuja Lagos Kano Kaduna Kaduna Kaduna Lagos Enugu Lagos Niger Kaduna Edo Nigerian Army Corps of Artillery and School (NACAS) Nigerian Army Corps of Military Police and School (NACMPS) Nigerian Army Corps of Supply Transport and School (NACSTS) Nigerian Army Education Corp and School (NAECS) Nigerian Army Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (NAEME) Nigerian Army Engineer and Schools (NAES) 24 25 Ilorin. Ilorin. 49150. P. 774390. 1035. Wuse Zone 5. Edo State Kwara Edo 26 Makurdi. kaduna P.S. Tel: 01-2881448. Kano State Orlu. 2109. Nigeria Custom Services Training College. P.B. Kaduna State (Falcon guards) Security Training & Consultancy 16. 1021.B. 5878752 E-mail: falconguards@hotmail. Kaduna State Benin. Adekunle Fajuyi Street. Tel/Fax: 5878751. Lagos State Kotangora.) Inter-Falcon Security Services Ltd 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 National War College Nigeria Custom Services.M. Rivers State Jaji. 242539 Email: ehinconsultants@yahoo. Burma Road. Niger State Zaria. Iju Road. Kaduna. (Guiness Cooperative Building) Jurgle Bus Stop. Akure. Apapa. Kirikiri Apapa. Tel: 031331402 Damog Nigeria Limited (Training of Security Personnel) 111.com Halogen House. Tel: 01-921297. 08022233663. Abuja. Lagos. 122.M. Zaria.C. Ifako-Lagos.M. Port Harcourt. Oyemekun Road. Prisons Services. Lagos Nigeria Prisons Services.Box 11562. 1410.O.B. Enugu Ojo-Lagos. Sokoto State Kano.com Abuja Office Plot 627 Sokode Crescents. Imo State Ahoada.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 2 3 Army School Administration Damog Guards Education & P. Tel: 034-241273. kaduna State P. Ondo State. Ikeja Kano.M. 08023118914 E-mail: halogen@hyperia.B. GRA Ikeja. 08023020464. Kano State P.O. 08023276366 Security Training & Consultancy. Benue State Benue Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 141 . Kwara State Auchi. 08023275326.com Sokoto. Kwara State. 4971750. Abuja Training College. Box 1204. Kaduna State Nig.

B. Lagos State Lagos.B. Osborne Road. Lagos State Lagos 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Police Academy (POLAC) Police College (PCI) Police College (PCK) Police College (PCM) Police College (PCO) Police Detective College (DETCOL) Police Mobile Training School (PMFT) Police Staff College (PSC) Trans-World Security Kano.27 28 29 30 Nigerian Army Intelligence Corp and School (NAICS) Nigerian Army Medical Corp and School (NAMCS) Nigerian Army Ordinance Corp and School (NAOCS) Nigerian Army Physical Training and School (NAPTS) Nigerian Finance (NASFA) Army School of and Administration Apapa.M. Lagos State Zaria.M. Bwari. Lagos. Abuja Nigeria Law School. Lagos. 732272. Kano. McNeil Road. Lagos State. 868258 P. Plateau State Security Training. Tel: 2645148. 732307. Enugu State Enugu.B. Tel: 01-545287. 732306. Sabo Yaba. Lagos State Ojo-Lagos. Enugu State Gwoza. 2A.M. Bayelsa State Zaria. Lagos State Nigeria Law School. Pees Galleria. Environment and Development Studies 27. Plateau Lagos 2 3 4 5 6 Bayelsa State College of Arts and Science (BYCAS) Centre for Aviation Development Design and Bayelsa Kaduna Edo Plateau Lagos Centre for Community Development Education Centre for Museum Studies Centre for Petroleum. 732285. 2882907 Agudama-Epie. Niger State Funtua. GRA. Enugu State Abuja Lagos Kano Enugu User Statistics are Not available Other Training Institutions 1 Administrative Staff Nigeria (ASCON) College of P. Maloney. Tel: 01-2882907-9. Surulere. Borno State Oji-river. 4938300 Fax: 01-2631150 Kano Lagos Kaduna Borno Enugu Enugu Borno Plateau Lagos User Statistics are Not available Nigerian Law Schools 1 2 3 4 Council Of Legal Education Council Of Legal Education Council Of Legal Education Council Of Legal Education Nigeria Law School. Lagos. Lagos.M. Lagos State Kaduna. Ikoyi. Borno State Jos. 2693790. Kano State Ikeja.B. Enugu. Ikeja. Topo-Badagry. Katsina State 7 8 College of Administration business Studies College of Administration and Niger Katsina . Edo State Jos Museum. Benin City. Kaduna State P. Bida. Kaduna State Lagos Lagos Lagos Kaduna 31 Apapa. 732273. P. 18. Kano State Nigeria Law School. Lagos. State 2031 Jos. Suite 4. 2. Allen Avenue. Fax: 01-732306. 31. 1067. 1004. 732300. Kaduna State Maiduguri.

Rivers State P.M.B. Via Enugu.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 9 College of Aviation and Management Studies (CAMS) College of Technology College Nigeria of Chemical Estate and Leather No 48 ishaga Road. Zaria. Abuja Vom. Enugu State University of Ilorin. Plateau State Locations: *Kaduna. Oyo. 4710893. 1126. 0054. Ilorin. kaduna State Enugu. Edo State Afuze. Surulere-lagos. Kongo P.B. Enugu Road. Delta State Obafemi Awolowo Osun State University.M. 1001.B. Bwari. Kwara State 1515. Oyo State Ile-Ife. Enugu State Benin. P. Zaria. Kaduna State 109. Kano State Emene. Osun State Nsukka. Enugu State Nigeria Law School.B. Kaduna State Lagos University of Ibadan. 4704340 Zaria. 12 13 14 15 Cooperative College Council of Legal Education Federal College of Animal Health and Husbandry Federal Cooperative Colleges Enugu Abuja Plateau Kaduna Enugu Kaduna Enugu Plateau Kano Kano Enugu Oyo Kaduna Lagos Oyo Osun Enugu Edo Delta Oyo 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Federal Cooperative College Federal School of Dental Technology & Therapy Federal School of Medical Laboratory Technology Federal School of Physiotherapy Federal School of Physiotherapy Federal School of Social Work Federal School of Surveying Institute of Administration Institute of Advance Legal Studies Institute of African Studies Ibadan Institute of African Studies OAU Institute of African Studies University of Nigeria Institute of Continuing Education Institute of Continuing Education Institute of Cultural Studies Institute of Development of UNN Institute of Education Ilorin Institute of Foundation Studies Ibadan/Ogbomosho/Ilorin Oyo State ABU.B.M. Enugu State Jos. Osun Enugu Enugu Campus. Enugu State P. P. Dala. 08023149933 E-mail: bodearaba@cudoramail. Kaduna State. Yobe State P. Ibadan. Enugu.M.B. Oyo State. State 01211.B. Plateau State Kano. Ile-Ife.M. 1013. Lagos. *Ibadan. Auchi. Edo State Asaba. Ojodu.com Awgu. 5080.M. *Oji River. Tel: 01-836888. Edo State 34 35 36 Institute of Management Studies Institute of Open cast Mining and Technology Institute of Physical education Yobe Edo Edo Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 143 . New Isheri Road. Kano. Lagos 10 11 Kaduna Lagos Management.M. P. Kwara Rivers Rivers State University. Potiskum. Port-Harcourt. Kano State Aminu Kano Way.

O.com Lagos.B. Plateau State Km 24. Abuja Zaria Road. 1555. Onitsha. Apapa Lagos State Oshodi Training School.M. Zaria. Lagos.M. 3261. Abia State Kwara 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 National Archives of Nigeria National Institute for Languages Nigeria Lagos Abia Plateau Abuja Plateau Lagos Abuja Akwa Ibom Lagos Borno Plateau Lagos National Institute for Policy and Strategic Planning. 20. 220652.B. 1011 Ajara Badagry. 4976077 Apapa Port Complex.B. Anambra Anambra 40 Michael Imodu Institute of Labour Studies (MILLS) KM 7.ng and Kuru. 1524 Ilorin. Kaduna State 1031. Oshodi Lagos State P. Jos.M.B. Delta State 55 56 57 58 59 Nigeria Institute Strategic Studies Nigeria Institute Technology (NITT) of of Policy Plateau kaduna Akwa Ibom Plateau Lagos Transport Nigeria Maritime Academy Nigeria Television College Nigerian institute of Advanced Legal Studies Nigerian Centre Nigerian (NITEL) Port-Authority Training Plc 60 61 62 Lagos Lagos Delta Telecommunication Petroleum Training Institute .B. 1148. 8217353.B. Jos. Kwara State. Kano State Kano 38 39 Onitsha. Borno State Jos Kwall. Tel: 031-223108. Lagos State. kaduna State Oron. Plateau National War College Nautical College of Nigeria Nigerian Academy of Science Nigeria Arabic Language Village Nigeria College of Accountancy Nigeria College of Administration 53 54 Nigerian College Technology of Aviation Kaduna Lagos Nigeria French Language Village P.B. Tel: 01-2883160.skannet.M.net.M.M. NICA Bus Stop. Plateau State Unilag Campus Akoka.M. Lagos State. Ajasse-Ipo Road. Email:mills@ilorin. lateau State P. Kuru National Matematical Centre National Metallurgical Development Centre National College Postgraduate Medical Kwali. Lagos State Aba. Kano. 2116. New Mebanu. Falomo Ikoyi. Bassa LGA.37 Kano State School of Social and Rural Development Institute for Hgher Education Metallurgical Training Institute Metallurgical Training Institute P.Box 54468. 28829140-2 E-mail: inf/n@mgol.M. P. P. Akwa Ibom State Jos. P. P. Tel: 01-821711. Tel: 017743227 Zaria Aerodrome. Zaria. 12820. State Lagos State Abuja Oron. Akwa Ibom State Lagos State Ngala. Anambra State P.B. Anambra State Km 6/7 Onitsha/Owerri Road.M.B. Lagos Badagry Expressway. Effurun. P.

Tel: 087-225262 Ministry of Education Premises. Tel: 07743546 2.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS 63 Regional centre for Training AeroSpace Surveys (RECTAS) in OAU Campus. P. 58. Lagos State NSPRI House. 1. Irrua Okpebho. Radio House.M.B 6188. Tel: 01-7744896.M. Lagos State The Institute of Maritime Studies Aviation The Nigeria Academy of Science User Statistics are Not available Public Libraries National Library and its Branches NAME LOCATION STATE USER POPULATION 1 National Library of Nigeria 4.M. Wesley Street. 5345. Plateau State Edo Kaduna Plateau Plateau Enugu Lagos Lagos School of Catering Management School of Mines School of Museology The African Economics Institute for Applied and Enugu. Rivers State Civil Service Training Centre.ng 32-34. Wing B.M.B.M.B. By NNPC Junction. P. Otop Abasi Street. 2016. Abule-Oja.M. Port Harcourt. Unilag post Office. 52.B. Jos.B. Barikisu Iyede Street.M. Benin City Independence Layout. Tel: 042-256515. 451006 Lagos 2 National library of Nigeria Abuja 3 4 5 6 7 8 National Library of Nigeria National Library of Nigeria . Egbe Road. Edo State Kaduna. 2031.M.B. Ile-Ife. 1095.M. P. 0802 313 8014 National Information & Documentation Centre (NIDOC).B. Akoka Yaba.M. Barikisu Iyede Street. 5th Floor.M. P. Email: rectas@oauife.B.B.Bauchi State National Library of Nigeria . 0282. Off University of Lagos Road. FCT.M.Enugu State Abuja Adamawa Bauchi Cross River Edo Enugu Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment Page 145 . Bauchi.Adamawa State National Library of Nigeria .B. P. P.edu. 1197.B. Tel: 092347714. Enugu State No. Kaduna State P. Yaba Lagos P. Lagos Tel: 015850649. 1551.Cross River State National Library of Nigeria . 1004.Edo State National Library of Nigeria .M. 230225. Ejigbo.B. Tel: 036-230050. P. 1242.B. Off University of Lagos Road. Jos. Yola P. Abuja FCT Federal Secretariat Road. 1. Cross River State P. Osun 64 Regional Programme for Technology Management (REPTEM) River Development Training Centre Rural Development Department Rural Extension Centre Services and Training Lagos 65 66 Rivers Cross River 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 Training Hotel P. 5850657. Osun State. Plateau State C/o Jos Museum P. Abuja. Calabar. Lagos. Akoka. 2347900 Central Area. Calabar. Enugu. 7744936 Aluu.

wesley Street. Jos.Niger State National Library of Nigeria . Lagos Plot 34. 171.M. Tel: 066-221773 Ijemu Agbadu Road. Lagos.M. Tel: 09-2341051. 227.B. P. Garki. 14. (Opposite Casino Cinema) Alogomeji.B. 12626. Marina. Tel: 07923366 Department of Administration. Marina. Kaduna. P. Kulende.B. Tel: 01868061 Mu'azu Mohammed Road. Ilorin. P.M. 12626. 2184. 23992 Federal Road. P. Akure. Jalingo. Tel: 01-2630470. 2631716 Collection Development and Processing Department (On MacNeil Road. Lagos. 2160.Kwara State National Library of Nigeria National Library of Nigeria Imo Kaduna 13 Kwara 14 15 Lagos Lagos 16 17 National Library of Nigeria . Minna. (Behind Police Public Relations Office) Ijora Olopa. 6.Ogun State Niger Ogun 18 19 Nationa Library of Nigeria . Ijora.B. Wesley Street. Tel/Fax: 062-217467. 12626.B. Ikenegbu Layout. 22724 4.M. P. The Lilipond. Lagos.B. Abeokuta.B. 034-230818 Yakubu Gowon Way.Kaduna State National Library of Nigeria . 208.M.Plateau State National Library of Nigeria .Taraba State National Library of Nigeria Ondo Plateau 20 21 Taraba Lagos 22 National Library of Nigeria Lagos Total Population GRAND TOTAL POPULATION N/A N/A User Statistics are Not available State Libraries and their Branches Statistics are Not available .B. Off Cemetary Hall. 1. Bukuru Road. 1447. Ake.M.Ondo State National Library of Nigeria . 2631716 Reference and Users Service Department. FCT.B. Tel: 039-242672 Oda Road.B.B. Festival Road. Abuja. Offa Road. Lagos. Tel: 031-223501.Imo State National Library of Nigeria . P. and Yaba) Herbert Macaulay Street. Tel: 01-264004.M.B.M. Tel: 073-52976 C/o Taraba State Ministry of Education.M. Wasinmi. Marina.M. P. Owerri Tel: 083-234430 Bida Road.M. P. Sabo. Area 2. 2007. P.9 National Library of Nigeria Reference and Users Services Department. 2347517 National Bibliographic Control Department. Herbert Macaulay Street. 12626. P. P. P. Yaba. Tel: 01862764 Abuja 10 National Library of Nigeria Lagos 11 12 National Library of Nigeria .M. 1556.

P. Ikoyi. P.B.O. Enugu National Instituite Corporate of Nigeria. 20. Ogba Industrial Estate. 21204. Garki Abuja Ahmadu Bello Way. Lagos P.O. Ibadan Punch Nigeria Ltd.B. Billing's way Oregun. 1076. Oshodi NAL Merchant Bank Ltd. P.Box 78. 1007.M. P.M. P. Dogon Karfe. 1.B.M.B.B. P.O. Lagos 97/105 Broad Street.B.M. Lagos Kirikiri Canal.O.M. 01294.O. Abuja Abuja Abuja Abuja Abuja DHQ. Jos 11A Osborne Road. Wuse II.B. 26/28 Marina Lagos P. Warri Nsit Ubium FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT Lagos Lagos FCT Lagos Lagos Delta Lagos Lagos Niger FCT Kaduna Lagos Enugu Lagos Oyo Lagos Lagos Plateau Lagos Lagos Lagos Lagos FCT Lagos Delta Akwa Ibom Page 147 Virtual Library Feasibility Study/ Needs Assessment . Warri P. P. 1217. Iganmu 11.Box 2406. Alfred Rawane Road. 1220. P. Ikeja 10 Acme Road.Box 1100. Abuja Corporate Headquarters.M. Maitama Abuja Champion House.M.M.B. Ikeja Industrial Training Fund. 444. Apapa P. Ikoyi.Box 2276. Lagos P. 1308.Box 1282. Abuja Abuja National Theatre. Kaduna News watch Plaza. Ikeja P.M. Marina Lagos Minna Plot 800 Blantyre Street.B. 21340. Yaba Wuse Zone 6.HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS Other potential Virtual Library User Institutions POSSIBLE LINKS FOR INCOME STREAM NAME LOCATION STATE USER POPULATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 The Presidency Library Library of the Office of the Vice President National Assembly of Nigeria Supreme Court of Nigeria Library of the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) National Centre for Women Development CBAAC British Council Library Champion Newspaper Daily Times Library Delta Steel Company Library Guardian Newspapers Library NAL Merchant Bank Library National Examination Council (NECO) National Human Rights Commission New Nigerian Newspaper Library News watch Research Library National Orthopaedic Hospital Library NICON Library Nigeria Tribune Library Punch Research Library TELL Research Library Training Fund Library UNICEF Research Library United Bank for Africa Library Vanguard Media Library WAEC Test Development & Research Library UNESCO Nigerian Port-Authority Library NNPC Library and Archive NNPC Library and Archive Office of SFG. Oshodi Lateef Jakande Rd.

Area 10.33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) Nigeria Television Authority NICON Insurance Plc Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation NNPC Library Research Library.M. Port Harcourt Bwari. Abuja Plot 447/448. Abuja FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT FCT Lagos FCT Rivers FCT N/A N/A NUMBER OF POTENTIAL VIRTUAL LIBRARY USER INSTITUTIONS 611 . Central Bank of Nigeria National Drug Law Enforcement Agency NATCOM-UNESCO Eleme Petrochemicals Company Ltd Joint Admission and Matriculation Board Total Population GRAND TOTAL POPULATION Radio House. Central Business District. Airport Road.B. Garki Abuja NICON Plaza. Abuja Abuja Abuja 4. Abuja Area 11. Abuja P. Shaw Road Ikoyi Wuse II. 5151.

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