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1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009

SURVEYING

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) What are different tape corrections? Describe in brief. How would you obtain

the combined correction?

(b) B and C are two points on the opposite banks of a river along a chain line

ABC which crosses the river at right angles to the bank. From a point P which

is 150 ft. from B along the bank, the bearing of A is 2150 30′ and the bearing

of C is

3050 30′ . If the length AB is 200 ft., find the width of the river. [6+10]

2. A and B are two points 200m apart on right bank of river flowing east to west. A

tree is 200 and 3300 , respectively, as measured clockwise with respect to the north.

Find the width of the river. [16]

3. (a) Describe the construction and importance of a level tube in a levelling instru-

ment.

(b) What is sensitivity of level tube? Derive a relation between the sensitivity

and the radius of the tube. [8+8]

4. Compute the area of cross-section if the formation widh is 12m, side slopes are 1 to

1, average height along the center line is 5m, and the tranverse slope of the ground

is 15 to 1. [16]

5. (a) What are ‘face left’ and ‘face right’ observations? Why is it necessary to take

both face observations?

(b) Why both verniers are read in theodolite? [10+6]

6. To determine the distance between two points C and D and their elevations, the

following observations were taken upon a vertically held staff from two traverse

stations A and B. The tacheometer was fitted with an anallactic lens ,the constants

of instrument being 100:

Traverse Ht.Of Coordinates Staff Beariing Vertical Staff

Station Instrument station angle Readings

N E

A 1.58 218.3 164.7 C 3300 20’ +120 12’ 1.255, 1.860, 2.465

B 1.50 518.2 207.6 D 200 36’ +100 36’ 1.300, 1.885, 2.470

Calculate:

1 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 1

(b) The R.L’s of C and D if those of A and B were 432.550m and 436.865m

respectively

(c) The gradient from C to D. [16]

7. (a) Two straights AB and BC are intersected by a line D1 D2 . The angles BD1 D2

and BD2 D1 are 400 30’ and 360 24’ respectively. The radius of the first arc

is 600m and that of the second arc is 800m. If the chainage of intersection

point B is 8248.10m, find the chainages of the tangent point and the point of

compound curvature?

(b) Derive relationship between the radius and the degree of curve. [16]

8. Discuss in detail the advantages of the following over traditional method of survey-

ing:

(b) Global positioning system. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009

SURVEYING

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) In passing an obstacle in the form of a pond, stations A and D, on the main

line, were taken on the opposite sides of the pond. On the left of AD, a lien

AB, 225 m long was laid down, and a second line AC, 275m long was ranged

on the right of AD, the points B, D and C being in the same straight line. BD

and DC were then chained and found to be 125 m and 137.5 m respectively.

Find the length of AD. [6+10]

2. (a) A tape is 30m at a standard tension of 100N, and its cross-section 6.0 mm×0.2

mm. If the applied tension is 80 N, and E=1.95×105 N/mm2 , calculate the

correction.

(b) Calculate the horizontal length between two supports approximately level if

the measured length is 50.441 m. The tape has a mass of 0.615 kg and the

applied tension is 80 N. [8+8]

3. A dumpy level was setup at L1 exactly midway between A and B, 50m apart. The

readings on the staff when held on A and B were, respectively, 1.40m and 2.40m.

The instrument was then shifted and set up at point L2 on the line BA produced

and 10m from A. The readings on the staff held at A and B were, respectively, 1.50

and 2.60. Determine the correct readings and the R.L.of B if that of A is 200.00.

[16]

4. A planimeter was used to determine the area of the plan. When it traversed clock-

wise with the needle point inside the figure, the final and initial readings were 8.460

and 6.480, respectively. It was noted that the zero of the dial passed the fixed index

twice in the counter clockwise direction. The multiplying and additive constants

of the instrument are 100 cm2 and 20, respectively. Compute the area of the plan.

[16]

5. (a) What is the check on the accuracy of a closed traverse? What is the error of

a closure? How would you minimize them?

(b) What are the instrumental errors in a theodolite? How would you minimize

them? [8+8]

6. (a) Derive an expression for the distance between the anallactic lens and the object

glass?

(b) A tacheometer was setup at a station A and the readings on a vertically held

staff at B were 2.255, 2.605 and 2.955, the line of sight being at an inclination

1 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 2

of +80 24’. Another observation on the vertically held staff at B.M gave the

readings 1.640, 1.920 and 2.200, the inclination of the line of sight being +10 6’.

Calculate the horizontal distance between A and B and the elevation of B if

the R.L of B.M is 418.685m. The constants of the instruments were 100 and

0.3. [16]

a compound curve?

(b) A compound curve is to connect two straights having a deflection angle of 900 .

AS determined from the plan, the lengths of the two tangents are 350m and

400m respectively. Calculate the lengths of the two arcs if the radius of the

first curve is to be 300m? [16]

8. Briefly describe the applications of GIS. Discuss, how closely GIS is related to

remote sensing? [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009

SURVEYING

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) What are different methods of making linear measurements? Describe briefly.

[6+10]

2. (a) Discuss the methods of overcoming difficulties of there are obstacles in chaining

and ranging both.

(b) Determine the maximum length of an offset so that the displacement of a

point on the drawing paper should not exceed 0.25 mm if the offset was laid

at 40 from its true direction and the scale was 1 cm = 10m. [8+8]

3. The following consecutive readings were taken with a dumpy level and a 4 m lev-

elling staff on continuously sloping ground at 30 m intervals.

0.680 1.455 1.855 2.330 2.885 3.380

1.055 1.860 2.265 3.540 0.835 0.945

1.530 2.250

The R.L. of the starting point was 80.750.

(a) Rule out a page of level book and enter the above readings.

(b) Carry out reductions of heights by collimation method.

(c) Apply the arithemetic checks including the checks on I.S.

(d) Determine the gradients of the line joining the first and last point. [16]

4. (a) Draw the sketch of a two level section, and derive an expression for the area

of cross-section.

(b) Draw a sidehill two-level section and derive an expression for the area of cross-

section when there is:

i. Cutting at the centre-line

ii. Filling at the centre-line. [6+10]

5. Draw a neat sketch of a vernier theodolite and explain the functions of the various

parts? Also list out temporary adjustments of it. [16]

6. (a) Derive an expression for the distance between the anallactic lens and the object

glass?

1 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 3

(b) A tacheometer was setup at a station A and the readings on a vertically held

staff at B were 2.255, 2.605 and 2.955, the line of sight being at an inclination

of +80 24’. Another observation on the vertically held staff at B.M gave the

readings 1.640, 1.920 and 2.200, the inclination of the line of sight being +10 6’.

Calculate the horizontal distance between A and B and the elevation of B if

the R.L of B.M is 418.685m. The constants of the instruments were 100 and

0.3. [16]

M on the straight AB is 5865m from where the following theodolite traverse was

run to another point N on the forward straight BC:

Side Length Included Angle

Ma 114.02 m 6 BMa = 180 26’06”

ab 131.02m 6 Mab = 2040 00’04”

bc 94.34m 6 abc = 1390 14’55”

cd 80.62m 6 bcd = 2190 07’49”

dN 50.00m 6 cdN = 1190 44’42”

NB ? 6 dNB = 730 21’18”

Calculate the necessary data for setting out a simple circular curve of radius 700m?

[16]

(b) Write a detailed note on GPS. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009

SURVEYING

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) What are different tape corrections? Describe in brief. How would you obtain

the combined correction?

(b) B and C are two points on the opposite banks of a river along a chain line

ABC which crosses the river at right angles to the bank. From a point P which

is 150 ft. from B along the bank, the bearing of A is 2150 30′ and the bearing

of C is

3050 30′ . If the length AB is 200 ft., find the width of the river. [6+10]

2. Following is the data regarding a closed compass traverse PQRS taken in a clockwise

direction:

(a) Fore bearing and back bearing at station P= 550 and 1350 , respectively

(b) Fore bearing and back bearing of line RS = 2110 and 310 , respectively

(c) included angles 6 Q = 1000 6 R = 1050

(d) Local attraction at station R=20 W

(e) All the observations were free from all the errors except local attraction.

(b) Calculate the corrected bearings of all the lines and tabulated the same.[8+8]

3. (a) What are different types of diaphragms? Explain the importance of a di-

aphragm in a levelling instrument.

(b) Explain the working of a dumpy level with a sketch. What are the various

temporary adjustments? [8+8]

XY,X being on AB, and Y on CD, having bearing 198056.the area of XCDYX has

to be 30300m2 . The coordinates of the traverse stations are given in table: [16]

Station A B C D E

Easting(E) 630 1030 780 560 430

Northing(N) 760 760 280 360 530

5. (a) State what errors are eliminated by repetition method? How will you set out

a horizontal angle by method of repetition?

(b) What is parallax? How can you eliminate it? [12+4]

1 of 2

Code No: 43003 Set No. 4

6. (a) Explain the use of an anallactic lens in an external focusing telescope used in

tacheometry. What are its advantages and disadvantages?

(b) Determine the constants of tacheometer if for the line of collimation horizontal,

the stadia readings for the staff held at 25m and 50m are respectively 1.900,

1.410 and 2.22, 1.23. [16]

7. (a) Explain the procedure for setting out a circular curve with a tape and a

theodolite?

(b) Two tangents meet at an angle of 1300 . Calculate the lengths of the offsets

measured from the tangent for setting out a curve of 200m radius if:

i. The offsets are radial

ii. The offsets are perpendicular to the tangent. [16]

(b) Neighbourhood Functions

(c) Map overlay. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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