We are thankful to who has given us power of getting the knowledge and guide us in every step of life.

We also feel proud on our parent’s prayers and their efforts. We have gotten admission for education in Pakistan’s reputed institute, i.e. Pak Aims Institute of Management. So we are very much thankful to this institute and our coordinator program.

A special thank to Sir Muhammad Imran who guide us with full devotion in getting extra ordinary knowledge of our subject.

At last we are thankful to Our Class Fellows who give us supporting and learning environment.



Of this. Having been forced to kill their aspirations. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly. They have always done their share of work. children have been a source of labor.Introduction Children are the flowers of heaven. Early in the morning when the children put on different kinds of clothes and begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge. they are pressed to earn a living for themselves and for their families. desperate conditions that they face in life. health facilities and exploitation in the form of child labor. we feel specific kind of joy through their innocence.00 million with the annual growth rate of 1. abuse and exploitation All over the world. approximately 70 million are children. The minimum working age for all other jobs is fourteen. the minimum age for working at dangerous places such as in mines and on railways is fifteen.e. their families would not be able to make ends meet. below 18. It is due to many hindrances and difficulties. They get very low wages and are trapped in a condition of extreme poverty. These are also part of our society who has forgotten the pleasures of their childhood. . they have contributed to the survival of their families or to the good of the community. dreams and other wishes. Vulnerable children may easily become victims of the violence. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. this act of earning a livelihood is called as child Labor. i. throughout history. They have to work long hours every day with little food and rest. they are the beauty of this world. No doubt.When a child in addition to getting education. The concept of child Labor got much attention during the 1990s when European countries announced ban on the goods of the less-developed countries because of child Labor. In their homes or in the fields. But Millions of children in Pakistan never see the inside of a classroom and never learn to read or write. earns his livelihood. Pakistan is sixth most populous country in the world having population of about 170.87 percent. poor access to education. Children in Pakistan face a variety of serious challenges ranging from malnutrition. It is also a fact that there are many children who play a key role in sustaining the economically life of their family without which. In Pakistan.

Objectives The main object of this project is to know exactly what child labour is. or Requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. obliging them to leave school prematurely. Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling is generally regarded as being something positive. assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. What are the types of child labor? In how many forms it exists in Pakistan. These kinds of activities contribute to children’s development and to the welfare of their families. The term “child labor” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood. and help to prepare them to be productive members of society during their adult life. . socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children. and that is harmful to physical and mental development. their potential and their dignity. What are the main causes of child labor? How can we overcome it? Child labor: Not all work done by children should be classified as child labor that is to be targeted for elimination. physically. they provide them with skills and experience. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home. and interferes with their schooling by: depriving them of the opportunity to attend school. It refers to work that: • • • • • is mentally.

Child labor can be removed by legislation. 4. exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often at a very early age. For example. child labor takes place. . Therefore. Child labor is only found in the industries. the type and hours of work performed.In its most extreme forms. as well as among sectors within countries. However a poor a family is they will be no problem regarding child labor unless there are people who are willing to exploit such children. only 5. 2. While it is also true that children in Pakistan make footballs in factories. Legislation has proved to be a notoriously difficult thing to enforce. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labor” depends on the child’s age. Child labor is only found in poor countries. the fact is that it is am employers willingness to exploit children which is at the root of the problem. it has not been effective. Often the exploited ones are the minority or immigrant children. child labor in found in large no . very few people view it as child exploitation. This is not true. FOUR WRONG NOTIONS ABOUT CHILD LABOUR 1. While it is true that most of the child laborers come from poor families. child labor involves children being enslaved. How far has this helped? The truth is in front of us in the form of millions of child laborers in existence all over the world. It is true that the child labor in the industries is the most visible layer. Every country has by now passed many laws against child labor.But it is also true that childish prevalent in almost all countries. the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by individual countries. even though that child might be getting a fraction of what is being paid to an adult for the same job. 3. separated from their families. The answer varies from country to country. While it is true that in underdeveloped countries. but we cannot ignore the lakhs of child laborers who work in unorganized sector where they face equal or greater dangers. if in developed country some children before going to school sells\newspapers for one or two hours. Without removing poverty we cannot solve the problem of child labor. If we fall into the fallacy that the most exploited children are the ones who work in factories then we are doing injustice to those whose labors are practically invisible. In truth.4%of child laborers work in industries. It is true that in most of the rich countries too.

Majority of the child workers is concentrated in the invisible sector of the economy and thus remains hidden from the statistical perspectives and planning procedures. The child workers do not enjoy basic amenities of life.4 million (735) are boys and 0.Statistical Profile In Pakistan about 3. The children working on agricultural farms have never been given any consideration for the welfare purpose. Children work for longer hours. Children work in exploitative and hazardous environment.9 million (27) are girls.3 million children are working as child laborer. The children working as laborers get low wages but have to do a lot of work. . Male and female unpaid working children account for 67% and 78% respectively. 70% of the working children are as unpaid family helpers. out which 2.

8 98. children almost always girls work very long hours. Sometimes it can be easily observed. Total non-household employment 5.4 99. Work on household farm 6. have no chance to go to school and are isolated from their family and friends.4 8.2 3. Home work for sales 8.5 Boys 72.3 15-19 Girls 11.1 2.5 0. Agricultural work: . sometimes it is hidden from your view.5 23.6 11.6 17.7 33.4 99. Permanent agricultural employment 2. Work in household enterprise 7.4 35.9 22. it happens in the family home or outside the home.6 2.5 14.0 1.8 Types of child labor: Child labor exists in many forms.3 30.0 1.2 40.6 0.0 53. Total household work 5-9 10-14 Girls Boys Girls 31. When domestic work is outside the home.5 97.9 0.Table 4: Pakistan: Participation in School & Work (per cent) Age in years: Sex: School attendance 1.0 Boys 41. Non-agricultural employment 4. However.5 5.1 11. Domestic work: Very common and sometimes seen as acceptable.5 6.1 0.5 0.6 3.9 30. Seasonal agricultural employment 3. Housework 9.2 22.5 2. Here is a list of different forms of child labor that includes some of the most wide spread forms and some of the worst forms.6 1. this is not a complete list of all existing forms.1 13.

Prostitution and child trafficking: It is one of the worst forms of child labor. Work in the informal economy: This includes a whole range of activities such as shoe cleaning. respiratory and skin diseases. These tasks expose the children to hazardous chemicals that can lead to poisoning. making garments. They often work on the family farm or with the whole family. It includes carpet weaving. having one’s own small business (for example selling food). begging. Children are often also drawn into armed conflict. chemicals. glassware. According to UNICEF. Child miners suffer from physical strain. it can be factory work. They work long hours without adequate protection and training. quarrying. Child labor is common in some parts of the world. helping in the parents' business. burns and even death. fireworks. or collecting rubbish. Some children work as guides for tourists. fatigue and disorders of the muscular and skeletal systems. as a unit. gemstone polishing. prostitution. pulling rickshaws. Work in mines and quarries: Child labor is used in small scale mines in many countries. selling newspapers.A lot of working children are found in agriculture. sometimes . for an employer. matches or a range of other products. It is also frequently linked to the oppression of ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples. agriculture. or doing odd jobs. eyesight and hearing damage cuts. Activities often take place on the streets but also include domestic work. Work in industries: This work can be regular or casual. Some forms are very easily observed while others are hidden from public view. as part of the family or by the child on his own for an employer. legal or illegal. The dangers faced by children are extreme and range from moral corruption to sexually transmitted diseases to death. radiant heat. mining. forced to be soldiers or to work for armed forces. there is an estimated 158 million children aged 5 to 14 in child labor worldwide. fire and explosions. Slavery and forced labor: It is most commonly found in rural areas.

. polishing shoes. most child labor occurs in the informal sector. Due to limited recourses and more mouths to feed. ILLITERACY: Illiterate parents do not realize the need for proper physical. or cleaning. and 8% in Latin America. 22% of the workforce is children. POVERTY: Many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous jobs. they have no other alternative as they need the money.combined with bringing in business for shops and restaurants (where they may also work as waiters). In Latin America. rather than in factories and sweatshops. The proportion of child laborers varies a lot among countries and even regions inside those countries. WHERE DO CHILD LABORERS LIVE? 60% in Asia. Although they know it is wrong. emotional and cognitive development of child. However. Children are employed in various forms of work. Causes of child labor: OVER POPULATION: Most of the Asian and African countries are overpopulated. In Asia. 23% in Africa. Canada. 1% in US. stocking a store's products. they do not realize the importance of education for their children. As they are uneducated. Europe and other wealthy nations. Other children are forced to do tedious and repetitive jobs such as: assembling boxes. 17% of the workforce is children.

3. 6. badly paid work. Many a time MNC's and export industries in the developing world employ whild workers. particularly in the garment industry. Ultimatly this leads to child labor with each generation of poor children undercutting wages. children with nonparents and relatives. Child labor creates and perpetuates poverty. 4. ORPHANS: Children born out of wedlock. This is so because they can pay less and extract more work. It condemns the child to a life of unskilled. 5. He suffers physical and mental torture. He becomes mentally and emotionally matures too fast which is a dangerous sign. WILLINGNESS TO EXPLOIT CHILDREN: This is at the root of the problem Even if a family is very poor. .URBANIZATION: The Industrial Revolution has its own negative side. the incidence of child labor will be very low unless there are people willing to exploit these children. UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS: Elders often find it difficult to get jobs. Thus they are forced to work for their own living. Effects of Child Labor: Child labor today represents the largest single cause of child abuse across the globe. The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. often do not find anyone to support them. 1. They will also not create union problem. 2. Child labor deprives a child of a proper childhood.

Attention has been paid at national and international levels to minimize grievances of the children and to address their problems in a systematic way. Throughout the world children are considered as the most vulnerable group among various groups of the society and Pakistan is no exception to this. Distress is the pain. . which can have harmful and long-term psychological and physical effects on the child. Protection of children is necessary which is a reaction of many unaware and harsh realities of childhood that knows only misery.Concluding Remarks: Children in Pakistan face a variety of situation. deprivation and exploitation. a national commitment. ethnic or religious background. But in case of Least developed Countries (LDC’s) the condition of the children is munch repenting. The inability to cope with the suffering often leads to distress. Pakistan as a developing nation needs to have scientifically and technically oriented professionals to contest the rest of the world. fear. which are distressful for them. Government of Pakistan should lay great emphasis on enhancement and provision of the basic human right to its citizens regardless of any cultural. To meet this. On the top of it. appropriate allocation of resources and participation from all walks of communal life deem to be imperative. anxiety or grief caused by any suffering.

Hazardous and exploitative forms of child labor including bonded labor. which is almost non-existent. Social advocacy and mobilization efforts. commercial exploitation and any other work. that threatens the survival and full development of the child.Suggestions & recommendation: • The minimum age limit for child workers must be increased from existing 14 years to 15 years and eventually 18 years. Healthy public recreation facilities could be one of the best instruments for the children to remain away from anti-social activities that need to be provided. Vocational training facilities should be provided to the working children along with non-formal education with community participation. • • • • • • • • • . Vigilance Committees established under the labor laws at district level should regularly meet and perform their active role in combating the menace of the child labor. must not be tolerated and the Government must take immediate steps to end them. Poverty alleviation program to target families of working children. There is dire need of providing social support system to the families and children engaged in labor. Compulsory Primary Education can save the children from falling victims to child labor. The personnel of the enforcement machinery dealing with the child labor is required to be fully motivated and both the Federal as well as Provincial Governments consider the provision of better working conditions and transport facilities for carrying out their assignments effectively.

pk/publications/LPP.html http://www.net/guides/childlabour http://www.com/articles/article.org/index.php?id=25&no_cache=1&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=79 http://dailymessenger.deraismailkhan.hamariweb.aspx?id=91 http://www.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=113&Itemid=53 Education Sector Reforms: Action Plan (2001 – 2005) .articlesbase.org/stop-child-labour-in-pakistan-2.nccwd.pk/pakistan/2010/11/10/millions-engaged-in-child-labour-in-pakistan/ http://www.org/ipec/facts/lang--en/ http://www.pdf http://pakistaniat.gov.ilo.pk/index.com.gov.com/causes-and-organizations-articles/child-labor-in-pakistan2426536.alliance2015.References: http://www.com/2010/06/09/pakistan-football-world-cup-jabulani/ http://uk.oneworld.groundreport.html http://www.lmis.com/World/2-8million-kids-working-as-child-labour-inPakista/2927328 http://www.

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