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, journals, articles. Research online. www.Questia.com/Online_Library Alibaba.com Official Site Source Products & Contact Suppliers on Internet's Top B2B Directory! www.Alibaba.com How to Convert to Islam How to convert and become a Muslim with Live Help by chat www.IslamReligion.com Aishwarya Rai Bachchan See Photos, Videos, News and Bios from Bollywood at DesiHits.com Now! DesiHits.com/Aishwarya-Rai-Bachchan .md Moldova Domain Names European domain names from €9.00 .md domain names at Europe Registry www.europeregistry.com Cambridge Summer School Learn, play & experience Uni life Make friends & have fun! www.reachcambridge.com Link to this page <a href="http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Makhdum-Ul-Mulk+Sheikh+Sharfudd %26%23238%3Bn+Ahmed+Maneri+of+Biharsharif-a01074041360">Makhdum-Ul-Mulk Sheikh Sharfuddîn Ahmed Maneri of Biharsharif</a> Mediviel history of Inian sub-cotinent is well connected with mystical events by Arabian origin sufi saints of India. One of India's most prominent Sufi saints, Sheikh Sharafuddin Ahmad Yahya Maneri, is called Makhdoom-ul-Mulk for his spiritual status. An overpowering urge to shun material comforts drove Sheikh Ahmed son of Yahya Maneri into the forest of Behiea (about 15 miles west of Maner in north India). After a few years he returned home only to go back to the forest, this time in Rajgir (about 75 miles east of Maner). A hot spring, near to a place where he often prayed in Rajgir, is named Mukhdoom Kund, to perpetuate his memory. After having spent at least 30 years in the forests and living on herbs and fruits Sheikh Ahmaed finally took abode at Bihar Sharif. On hearing his reputation as a saint, the Emperor of Delhi Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq had a Khanqah built for him. At the Khanqah the Sheikh taught and trained disciples in Sufism ? tasawwuf. Sheikh Sharafuddin Ahmed Maneri devoted his entire long life to teaching and writing. The collection of his letters (maktoobat) and sermons (Malfoozat) received wide acclaim. His maktubat-e-Sadee translated into English by Paul Jackson is regarded as a 'working manual' amongst the highest in Sufi circles. Shaikh Sharfud-dîn was the son of Shaikh Yahiâ maneri bin Taj Faqeeh from Al-Khaleel (Palestine). His birthplace is Maner sharif (1), a village near Patnâ in Behâr province of India(Ancient Bihar was a part of Magadh empire and British rule included it in Bengal presidency). A love of knowledge and the religious life, and signs of spiritual greatness, were found in him from his early childhood. A strange Being was once seen by the cradle of the baby. The mother, frightened, reported the matter to her father, Shahâb-ud-dîn Peer Jagjot (2) prince of Kashghar at that time, and a great saint too. The latter consoled her, saying that the mysterious Presence was no less a Being than the Prophet Khedhr (3) Himself, and that the baby was expected to be a man of great spiritual advancement. He acquired traditional knowledge of Arabic, Persian, logic, philosophy and religion under Ashraf-ud-dîn Abu Towama Bokharaei (4) in Sonargaon near Narainganj present Dhaka, a famous professor of those days. He first refused to marry, but had to yield when, being ill, he was advised by the physician to take to marriage as the remedy for his disease. He married with his teachers daughter BiBi Badaam. He left home after the birth of a son, named Zakiuddin (5) in 1289.
'Master of the Kingdom or the World' . in the opening years of the I5th Century A. was compiled in 769/1367-68. both 'ulam?' and Sufis. and possessed superhuman powers. Mystical knowledge was the seed of love . 15 His Malf?zò?t (Discourses) were also compiled and give an authentic picture of his spiritual contributions to his contemporaries and to posterity.Jahan. 14 His teachings are embodied in several collections of his letters to his disciples. 782 Hijra. He died on Thursday. One of the collections comprising one hundred letters was compiled in 747/1346-47. he discussed the religious and spiritual duties of Islam and the social and ethical responsibilities of Muslims in a vocabulary enriched by his own contemplative vision of the realities of things. Shaykh chose to do ascetic exercises in the lonely Rajgir hills of Bihar. Makhdum-e. He would go to Bihar Sharif near Patna each Friday for congregational prayers. in 782/1381. The latter made him his deputy on earth under a deed drawn twelve years earlier under the direction of the Prophet of Islâm Himself. ah? d?th. the 6th of Shawwâl.In search of a spiritual guide he travelled to many places including Khanqah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia of Dehli. where Buddhist monks and Hindu sages loved to establish their hermitages. at the request of some of his friends and disciples. Bibi Badaam daughter . Through Quranic verses. the poineer of Khanqah Bihar Sharif NALANDA INDIA Hazrat Abdul Mutallib Hashemi the Grandfather of Prophet Muhammad (PBU) Abu Talib Prophet Muhammad Zubair Hashemi Hazrat Ali Fatima Zahra Imam Abuzar Imam Hussain Abu Massood Hazrat Imam Ali Zayn Al Abidin Abu Deen Imam Muhammad Baqar Abu Sahme Imam Jafar as-Sadiq Abul Lais Seyed Ismaeil (Brother of Imam Musa al-Kazim) Abu Dahr Seyed Ishaque (Cousin ofHazrat Imam Ali Reza) Abu Saem Syed Qutubuddin? Syed Ruknuddin Abul Qassem Syed Dawood? Syed Hamza Abulfath Syed Moosa?Seyed Qassem Ahmad Saeed Seyed Hassn? Seyed Yousuf Mohammad Ali Syed Nasiruddin Abu Bakr Syed Shah Ahmad Taj Faqeeh(From AlKhaleelConquered Bihar) Sultan Shah Mahmood (King of Kashghar) Sheikh Israeel Syed Shahbuddin Pir Jagjot(Murid of Shahabuddin Suhrawardi) Sheikh Yahya Maneri Bibi Razieh daughter of Pir Jagjot & mother of Sheikh Makhdoom Sharfuddin. he used to affirm that the divine fire consumed the root of despondency and the young shoots of desperation. anecdotes and parables from classical Sufi works. He was equally proficient in secular learning and esoteric Knowledge. as declared by Najîb-ud-dîn Firdausî himself. had Khw?jah Naj?b al-D?n not been so fortunate as to find a disciple of the fame of Shaykh Sharaf al-D?n Ahmad ibn Yahòy? Munyar? (also known as Maneri) 13 The master asked him to leave the place. The funeral prayer was said according to the will of this departed saint. He also wrote to the state dignitaries and even to F?r?z Tughluq. and was at last initiated (at or near Delhî ) by Najîb-ud-dîn Firdausî (6). His tomb at Bihârsharif is still resorted to as a place of sanctity by a large number of devout Muslims. Sharf-ud-dîn Rahmatullahi alayh lived for many a long year in the woods of Bihiâ and the Râjgir Hills (7). At this stage . At night in the khanqah. and quitted his body shortly after. Frequently quoting the Quranic verse "Despair not of the mercy of Allah" ( 39: 53). In his later days he adopted BihârSharif (now a subdivisional town in Nalanda) as his residence. Sharfa Bihari . Later. containing 151 letters. returning to the Rajgir forest afterward. and the other. Geneology of Sheikh Makhdoom Sharfuddin ibn Yahya Maneri. he was forced to settle down in Bihar Sharif (now the HQ of Nalanda district). Hazrat Sultan Sayyad Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (8) Rahmatullahi alayh had known this beforehand by revelation (Kashf). where he lived throughout the greater part of the reign of Muhòammad ibn Tughluq. The titular names of Shaikh Sharfud-dîn are Makh-dûm-uI-MuIk. D. had a glimpse of Hadrat Makhdoom Sharfud-dîn Bihari who gave him his khirqah-(a cloak like patched garment). The Firdaws?s would have remained unknown. Hadrat Makhdoom Ashraf Rahmatullahi alayh.
Bihar. purity. Osman. . When the Prophet wished to show his special regard to a particular companion(Sûfî ). sacred to the memory of the Sufi Saint Hazrat Yahya father of Makhdoom Sharaf al-D?n Maneri of the 13th century and Daulat Shah Maneri of 16th Century. he favoured him with a piece of his garment (N. The remains of an old time fortress on the bank of the channel of the Son reminds one that Maner was a strategic point in ancient times. exists in the True One. There were senior disciples such as Abubakar. Dhaka 1952-1971 Foot notes: (1) Maner Centuries ago it was situated on the confluence of the rivers Ganga and Son. It appears as if it were the western gate of Patliputra in the Mauryan times. the prince of Balkh. and is at one with Truth. Seyed Shah Wajihuddin?31. a 'Series of 28 Letters'. A Theosophical student (mutasavvif) is he who seeks to become a Theosophist through asceticism and purification.) Maktûbât-i-Bist-o-hasht. This is the most secred Muslim shrine in Bihar. Seyed Shah Waliullah Firdousi?33. Ali and Salmân. As evil impulses predominate in the world. Seyed Shah Mohammad?26. who trod the Path. It has been practised by the Prophets and the Saints. Seyed Shah Ahmad Ferdousi? 27. 29 Km from Patna. from the Persian by Baijnath Singh ) THE ORIGIN OF THEOSOPHY The institution of Theosophy (Tasavvuf) is ancient.He was nephew (KhaharZade) & follower of Hazrat Najibuddin Firdousi. The word Sûfî may be derived either from Safâ. Mozaffar. The elect companions were about 70 in number. (3. This shrine has remained a place of pilgrimage since very old time. The Theosophist is one who has lost the self. Seyed Shah Akhond?25. being replies to the correspondence of his senior disciple. The Prophet had a place in his mosque set apart to discourse privately with his elect companions. located in Maner. His descendants: Barekah getting married to Seyed Wahiduddin Chilleh Kash Mashadi Razavi(18th from Prophet) son of Syed Allauddin Dehlvi. Seyed Shah Amiruddin Firdousi ?34. Diwan Seyed Shah Ali Firdousi? 28. Omar. B. Seyed Shah Jalal ?24. such as Belal and others. and mediocre ones. His tomb lies in a Masjid. and the last Mohammad. Seyed Shah Abdussalam?29. India. or from Sûf. Seyed Shah Mohammad Bheeka(Sajjada Nashin From Hazrat Muzaffar Balkhi spiritual chain after 130 years ) ?23.of Abu Towama Bokhari(d. woolen dress. Hazarat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri is revered both by Muslims as well as by Hindus.1303)wife of Sheikh Makhdoom Sharfuddin Sample of His Writings (Translated . (2. and river Saryu joined it from the north. and Sikandar Lodi and the Mughal emperor Babar (1520-1530) had also visited the shrine. Like several other shrines of Sufi saints. the Theosophist (Sûfî) is looked down upon by men. Seyed Shah Amin Ahmad Firdousi (Janab Huzur died 1903) & Seyed Shah Hakim Mohammad Ilyas Firdousi Yaas Bihari 35th (1876-1960) grand father of Seyed Manzar Hussain Akbar ( Born 1951 in Bihar From Zahida Khatoon Firdousi. Seyed Shah Zakiuddin Firdousi ?30. ? Letter 22. The sacred shrine is locally known as Bari (meaning big) and Choti (meaning small) Dargah. a direct decendant of Hazrat Imam Askari(11th). and disciplines himself in the ways of the Theosophist. Seyed Badiuddin Firdousi ?32. Hazarat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri was a famous Indian Sufi saint of 13th century.) Fawâed-i-Ruknî. a number of brief Notes prepared for the use of his disciple Rukn-ud-dîn. is beyond the reach of the lower nature. The Arab chiefs and his ordinary companions were not admitted there.from Maktoobat-e-sadee Makhdoom Sharfuddin Maneri [Page 37] Books : (1. a 'Series of a Hundred Letters' (or rather essays on definite subjects) addressed to his disciple Qâzî Shams-ud-dîn in 747 Hijra. Hazrat Alimuddin Firdousi son of Bibi Barekah & Seyed Wahiduddin was grand father of Seyed Shah Mohammad Bheeka (21st) S/o Imamuddin) 22. It is famous for its Bari and Chhoti Dargah. and Theosophy has continued amongst the followers of Mohammad.? Translator: Baij Nath Singh (10) ) The first Theosophist was Adam.) Maktûbât-i-Sadî.
Pali: R?jagaha) was the first capital of the kingdom of Magadha. West Bengal. The highest point in the hills rise to an altitude of 388 meters.) (3) Khezar (Khedhr) (A mysterious Personage. who handed over her grand-daughter to his beloved mother.(AlQuran .One may visit Rajgir from Patna. This journey took him through large rivers. and fertility. Its date of origin is unknown. named Bibi Barkah.Currently. Khurasan. Zaki'ud-Din. according to some.18 : 66-85) 'Khezar' literally means 'green'. 5. The maternal grand. 589/ 1193) of Khuzistan and Shaykh 'Amm?r ibn Y?sir al-Bidl?s? (d. and India. Makhdum (14th Century) Zaki'ud-Din was a leading Sufi saint. according to others. The wife of Makhdum Zaki spent the greater part of her life at Munayr. His early education was completed at home. who was the nephew of Khwaja Najibud-Din Firdause. He is supposed to be an Immortal Being. Arabaic Persian. Between these two ridges lie a number of places of historical importance. a Walî 'Friend of God'. Bibi Barkah. Askari. The spiritual attraction of Hadrat Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani. Rajgir is the most famous place of the area. Hazrat Makhdoom Sharaf al-D?n Maneri married with his teachers daughter BiBi Badaam. Hadrat Makhdoom Sharfuddin Yahya Muneri Rahmatullahi alayh. rather striving to journey on towards his destined goal. mountains and deserts. One of Kubr?'s eminent disciples. encountering many difficulties on the way. Mauryas and the Guptas. 658/ 1260) ordered his disciple.H.. Rajgir hills. Khw?jah Naj?b al-D?n Firdaws? was the disciple of Khw?jah Badr al-D?n Samarqand? Firdaws? the fouder of Firdowsia branch in Delhi. blessedness. he willed that his funeral prayer would be performed by a Sayyad who was . his wife also died. who in their turn were disciples of Shaykh Abu'l-Naj?b Suhraward? . an invisible Teacher and Helper of Mankind. 1992).father of Shaikh Ahmad Charmposh whose tomb is in Amber SHARIF.) better known as Pir Jagjaut whose tomb is at Jithuli Sharif near Patna a disciple of Abu Hafs Omar Suhrawardi of Khorasan (Ref: Sirat-e-Firoz Shahi and Fawaide-Rukniya. had passed away the same day. Gautam Buddha. dating from the period of the Mahabharata.. He was married to the daughter of Syed Hussain of Munayr. the founder of the Kubraw? Order. pp. 7. 597/ 1200). After a few days. and a great saint too.A galaxy of eminent Sufis flocked to Kubr? as disciples and a number of branches of his order spread to Baghdad.) (4) Abu Towama Bokharaei. logic and philosiphy. Mahavira.(Ref: Wikipedia) 8. was sent to the house of Makhdum Jahan at Manayr Sharif. Rajgir is a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar. near modern Dacca in Bengal. lying in central regions of the Indian state of Bihar. although ceramics dating to about 1000 BC have been found in the city. Islam and Muslims in Medieval Bihar (Patna: Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library. was the disciple of Shaykh Ism?'?l Qa?r? (d. who was migrated from Bokhara to DELHI. then exiled by Afghan ruler to Sunargaon (Narayanganj). but mostly the hills are around 300 meters high. When Hadrat Ala al-Haq Wadeen Rahmatullahi alayh. Hazrat Makhdoom Sharaf alD?n Maneri. Rajgir is connected to Patna via Bakhtiarpur by rail and road to Bakhtiarpur and NH 31 towards south to reach Bihar Sharif Indian Railways run trains directly from Rajgir to Kolkata and New Delhi. arrived at Bihar.(6) 6. Shaykh Sayf al-D?n B?kharz? (d. a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. Ref: 6 S. Makhdum Zaki had only one daughter. who was popularly known as 'Bari Bua' (Bibi Razia). Moses was sent by God to seek His instruction. a Prophet. Before his death. Shaykh Najm al-D?n Kubr? ( 540/1145-618/1221). A famous professor of those days scolar in Islamic studies. a metaphorical expression for auspiciousness. FATHER OF Bibi Kamal of KAAKO and father of Bibi Razia( Barhi Bua) was Shahabud-Din Suhrawardi (prince of Kashghar. a baby at the time of her parent's death. Khw?jah Badr al-D?n Samarqand? Firdaws? to settle in Delhi. Kahf. at whose birth Makhdum Zaki died at Shakerdih near Suri in the district of Birbhum. wholesomeness. both were buried at Shakerdih.(2) Peer Jagjot : Shahâb-ud-dîn Peer Jagjot (2) prince of Kashghar at that time. are two parallel ridges extending around 65 km. studied under him until his own father's death in 690/ 1291. known as Makhdum Nagar. and having attained maturity she was married to Hazard Alaud-Din of Jhansi. Firdowsia branch is an offshoot of Suhrawardia through Kubrawia. 228-97. was so great that he didnt stay at any particular place for too long. The city of Rajgir (ancient Rajagriha or R?jag? ha. The grand daughter and only offspring from the house of Makhdum Jahan Bibi Barkah was brought up and educated with great care.
Hadrat Makhdoom Ashraf Rahmatullahi alayh. At night in the khanqah. Askari. It has been from a very early date. 'Ali b. London: Luzac. No. Translated by John Briggs under the title History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India. 1936. It is often characterized by Biharis and others (the servants or khadim log of the shrine themselves. 5. T?r?kh-i Firishta. 1862. Translated by Reynold A. . Muhammad Qasim. London. T?r?kh-i F?r?z Sh?h?. owing to its many Muslim tombs that still retain traces of its former importance as a Muslim pilgrimage. He put on the khirqah and lost himself in a world of ecstasy and said the following words : " Mora Bar Sar Chun Bowad Az Lutf Asrar Bar Aamad Raast Mara Khirqah Dar bar" 'The worldly crown has been on my head. It is one of the most popular mausoleums in eastern India for pilgrimages This is headquarters of Nalanda district . M. Nalanda the Tomb of SHARFUDDÎN Yahya Maneri lies in a mosque to the east of a large tank. Makt?b?t-i ashraf?. translated and edited by H. The tomb of Makhdum Shah Sharf ud-din. Patna. The tomb is situated in an enclosure half filled with graves and ancient tress. Dargah (Shrine 9 ) of the Firdausi Sufi scholar and saint.H. 3. on the north and west of which are three domed mosque and some quaint little cloisters build by Ibrahim Khan. Akhb?r al-as?fiy?. a Hafiz with seven Qiriats and a deserter of throne who would be coming westwards. Elliot and John Dowson.noble on both sides (that is -najibut tarfain). 1895. 8 vols. Nicholson. and pillared porticos. even during the time of major festival events. S. Persian MS. Firishta. a place of pilgrimage being visited among others by Sikandar Lodi and Emperor Babar (1520-30). Aligarh Muslim University History Department. This is also a railhead on the Bakhtiarpur Rajgir branch line of the Eastern Indian Railway. 3: 93?268. 3 vols. Shaikh Shu'aib. 188. with masonry walls and ghats. Edited by Saiyid Ahmad Khan. Shaikh Ashraf Jahangir. 1964. His Tomb Badhi Dargah (Bihar Sharif. had a glimpse of Hadrat Makhdoon Sharfuddin Bihari who gave him his khirqah-(a cloak like patched garment). Letters of Shaikh Nur Qutb-i 'Alam and Ashraf Jahangir Simnani. 2 vols.Hassani and Hussayni . Copy in the British Library. Nalanda): In Bihar Sharif . is held in great veneration by the local Mohammedans. 1966. 1829. P. . 'Abd al-Samad. Hujwiri. Makhdum Sahib Sharaf ud-din Maneri. 1911. which stands on the south bank of the river. also called Makhdum-ul-Mulk. London. Lucknow: Nawal Kishor. 1970 Patna: K. died here in 1379. 2. Persian MS. No. Compiled 1645. Ansari. 27. 30 kms South of Bakhtiarpur on Indian National Highway NH-31. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal. which is connected with the old bed of the Son by a tunnel. With the khirqah placed on the shrine and everyone present stretching out to receive it that is until Hadrat Makhdoom Ashraf Rahmatullahi alayh. located in Bihar Sharif receives little press. 1864?65. 400 feet long. MS.but the kindness of his cloak will suit better on my body' (Ref. This town is known as Bihar Sharif. 4. Calcutta: Nur al-Afaq. No. 267 9. 2d ed. who assemble here on the 5th day of Shawwal (Lunar month of EidulFitr) to celebrate the anniversary of his death. Aligarh. Reprint.'Uthman al-Jullabi al-. Or. 4 vols. Calcutta: Editions Indian. Man?qib al-as?fiy?. The khadim (keeper) of the shrine kept the garment until it was decided it would come onto the rightful owner if he asked for it by stretching his hands. Khuda Bakhsh Library. Extracts in The History of India as Told by Its Own Historians. The funeral prayer was said according to the will of this departed saint. the inscription over the entrance shows that his tomb was built in 1569. This tomb. MS. Hadrat Sultan Sayyad Makhdoom Ashraf Rahmatullahi alayh had known this beforehand by revelation (Kashf). Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. Zia al-Din. Reprint. The Kashf al-Mah?j?b: The Oldest Persian Treatise on Sufiism. Barani. stretched out his hands and immediately the garment came onto his hands. 1973. Firdausi. "New Light on Rajah Ganesh and Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi of Jaunpur from Contemporary Correspondence of Two Muslim Saints" . Jayaswal Research Institute. but also local residents Hindus & non-muslims) References: 1.
1848. Persian MSS. 230-31. 1848-A 7. Translation and Notes by Paul Jackson. Ernst (Istanbul: The Isis Press. "Sharafuddin Maneri: The Hundred Letters" (Classics of Western Spirituality) 13. 2 vols. edited by Grace Martin Smith and Carl W. 16. . revised ed. Report 15 (Calcutta.Introduction. from the Persian by Baijnath Singh. and the Synthesis of (Sub-) Cultures in India Today.Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi Edited and Translated by Mohiuddin Ahmad English translation of the Maulana Nadwi's work "Tarikhi Dawat-o-Azimat Published By Darul Ishaat . Rajgiri.Author of Introduction to first volume. 97 p.MD. Man?hij al-shat?t??r. Ibid." in Archaeological Survey of India.Rizvi.Cunningham.Duke University. Rizvi. A History of Sufism in India. 1994).A House of Miracles for One and All: Sufi Shrines. Berkeley . . ISBN 8170590450 sign. Research Assistant . April 2002) (10) Letters from a Sufi teacher Shaikh Sharfuddîn Manerî or Makhdûm-Ul-Mulk .. Carl W." In Manifestations of Sainthood in Islam. Patna. 15. Islamic Identity. Professor of Islamic Studies . 1882): Authors: Manzar Hossein Akbar. 1:226-28. 12. transl. Paul Jackson In Quest of God: Maneri's Second Collection of 150 letters . 1978 17. "An Indo-Persian Guide to Sufi Shrine Pilgrimage.6. PARTITION'S BIHARIS COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF SOUTH ASIA. 1987.Benares City.GHOSH: P. 18 cm. "Report of a Tour in Bihar and Bengal in 1879?80 from Patna to Sunargaon. Bruce Lawrence . Ltd. AFRICA 18. Shah Shu'ayb. Londen : Theosophical Publishing House. 1287/1870) 346. . Washington D. Annual Association for Asian Studies Conference. 43-68 8. 1:231. pp. . Man?qib al-a?fiy?' ( Lucknow.C... University of California. The Hundred Letters of Sharafuddin Maneri. Imam al-Din. Nos. 14. A History of Sufism in India. Khuda Bakhsh Library.: ESO-12-2-MANE-2 11.xi. Ernst. Kelly Pemberton. Karachi Pakistan 2008 9. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt.
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