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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- AE2254-QB
- Gate 2007
- ae1
- Gate Ae Paper 2012
- CFD - Fluent
- Aircraft Design Project 2
- previous year papers of GATE
- Nastran Material Final
- AE G2011 Model 001
- Theory of Wing Sections
- 56914974-Aircraft-Design-Project-1.pdf
- complete ppt.ppsx
- AE G2011 Model 001 Key
- GATE syllabus
- GATE 2010 Solutions-AE
- CFD Simulations of Heat Transfer From a Heated Module in an
- Grid Generation
- Gate 2008
- Flow Induced Vibration
- Finite Element Method Using Pro ENGINEER and ANSYS

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AE : AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Duration: These Hous Maxine Marks: 100
Read the following instructions carefully.
10,
u
12,
13.
‘This question paper contains 16 pages including blank pages for rough work. Please check all pages
and report discrepancy, if any.
‘Write your registration number, your name and name of the examination centre at the specified
Jocations on the tight half of the Optical Response Sheet (ORS).
‘Using HB pencil, darken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration number and the
Jenters corresponding to your paper code.
All questions in this paper are of objective type.
Questions must be answered on the ORS by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B,C, D}
using HB pencil against the question number on the Ieft hard side of the ORS. For each question
darken the bubble of the correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old
answer completely More than one answer bubbled agsinst a question will be ueated as an incorrect
response.
‘There are a tol of 65 questions carrying 100 marks.
Questions Q.1 - 0.25 wilh carry 1-mark each. and questions Q.26 - Q.55 will carry 2-marks each.
Questions Q-48 - Q.51 (2 pairs) are common data questions and question pairs (Q.52, Q.53) and
(Q54, Q.55) are linked answer questions. The answer to the second question of the linked answer
questions depends on the answer 10 the first question of the pair. Ifthe first question in the linked pair
is wrongly answered of is un-attempted, then the answer to the second question in the pair will not be
evaluatod.
‘Questions Q.56 - Q.65 belong to General Aptitude (GA). Questions Q.56 - Q.60 will carry L-mark
each, and questions Q.61 - Q.65 will carry 2-marks each. The GA questions will begin on a fresh
age starting from page 11.
Unrattempied questions
‘Wrong answers will carry NEGATIVE marks. For Q.1 - Q.25 and 0.56 - 0.60, % mark will be
deducted for each wrong answer. For Q.26 ~ Q.51 and Q.61~Q.65, # mack will be deducted for each
‘wrong answer. The question pairs (Q.52, 0.53), and (0.54, Q.55) are questions with linked answers.
There will be negative marks only for wrong answer to the first question of the linked answer question
pair i.e, for Q.52 and Q.54, % mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. There is no negative
marking for Q.53 and Q.58.
all carry zero marks.
‘Calculator (without dats connectivity) is allowed in the examination hall.
Charts, graph sheets or tables are NOT allowed in the examination hall.
. Rough work can be done on the question paper itseif. Additionally, blank pages are provided at the
end ofthe question paper for rough work
Te
SEAL219
ae
Q.1-Q.25 carry one mark each.
Qi
Q2
Q3
Q4
Qs
Qs
Q7
Qa
Qo
Isentropic efficiency 1, of a subsonic diffuser is defined as
(Note: ‘a’ represents the ambient, “2° represents the exit of the difluser and *s' represents an
isentropic process
= T,
Ton ~T (ote the
Ta, Ts *Ty
a
{A) translation
{(B) rotation
(©) magnification
{D) combination of transtation, rotation, and magnification.
An aircraft is climbing at a constant specd in a straight line at a steep angle of climb. The load
factor it sustains during the climb is:
4A) equal 10 1.0 (B) greater than 10
{C) positive bet Jess than LO (D) dependant on the weight of the aircraft
In a genetal case of a homogeneous material under thermo-mechanical loading the number of
distinct components of the state of stress is
a3 4 40) 5 6
2 3
The linear second order partial differential equation cad +3 a + age 495
(A) Parabolic {B) Hyperbolic «C) Eltiptic (D) None of the above
All other factors remaining consiant, if the weight of an aircraft increases by 30% thea the takeoff
distance increases by approximately:
(A) 15% (B) 30% KC) 20% (D) 105%
A vertical slender rod is suspended by a hinge at the top and hangs freely. Itis heated until it attains
a uniform temperaue, 7, Neglecting the effect of gravity, the rod has
(A) Stress but 10 strain (B) Strain but no stress
(©) Both stress anc strain (D) Neither stress nor strain
An aircrafi stalls at a speed of 40 mis in straight and level flight. The slowest speed at which this
aircraft can execute a level um at a bank angle of 60 degrees is:
(A) 283 Ws ¢8)40.0 ms (€) 56.6 mis (D)80.0.ms
The eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix are always
(A) positive (B) imaginary
(©) real (D) complex conjugate pairs
aje
Q10
Que
Q12
Qn
O14
Qus
‘The concentration x of a certain chemical cpesies at time rin a chemical reaction is described by the
ae = Given that ¢ is the base of the natural
a
differential caustion +k =0. ‘0
it
i
logarithms. the concentration xat f=
(A) falls to the value 0.525 (B) cises to the value 2x,
(©) fas to the value (D) rises to the value ex
¢
Yk
‘The definite integral J 2
iApdocs not exist (BY isequalta 2 (C)isequalto @ ——_(D) is equal to -2
The absolute ceiling of an aircraft is the altitude above which it
(A) can never react
(B) cannot susiain level Hight a1 a consiant speed
{C) can perform acceleraved Night as well as straight and level flight at 2 constant speed
(D) can perform straight and level flight at a constant speed only
A thin rectangular plate made of isotropic material which satisfies the octahedral (ie., Von Mise!
Distortion energy) failure criterion has yield strength of 200 MPa under uniaxial tension. As shown
in the figure. if it is toaded with uniform tension of 150 MPa along the x-direction, the maximum
uniform tensile stiess that can be applied along the y-direction before the plate sians yielding is
about 3,
tttt
WHT
(A) 227 MPa (B)77 MPa (C) 87 MPa {D) 114 MPa
Consider an incompressible 2-D Couette flow of water between two walls spaced Im apart. The
lower wall is kept stationary. What is the shear stress acting on the lower wall if the upper wall is
moving at a constant speed of 2 ws? (41,_,, = 7X10" N.s/m*)
—> 2ms
fA) 3.SXLO"NIm? (8) 7XLO"NAm* = (C) 10.5x107Nim* (Dy 14x10" fn?
‘The angular momentum, about the centre of mass of the earth, of an artificial satellite in a highly
elliptical orbits
[A) a maximum when the satellite is farthest from the earth
(B)a constant
(€) proportional tothe speed of the satellite
{D) proportional co the aquare of the speed of the satellite2010)
Qs
Quy
aus
Qs
Q20
Q21
Q2
Q23
ag
A column of length 1 und flexural rigidity EZ, has one end fixed and the other end hinged. The
critical buckling load for the colusnn is
EL
(ony
A horizontal cantilevered steel beam of rectangulur cross-section having width & and dopth d is
vibrating in the veruical plane, The natural frequency of bending vibration is highest when
fA) (By
{0.50
oy
(A) b= 10, @jb=2,d=5 (CC) b=5,d= 20 (D) b= 35,44
Consider an incompressible 2-D viscous flow over a coved surface. Let the pressure distribution
on the surface be p(s) = 2esin(Z-rs} en’ where 5 is the distance along the curved surface
from the leading edge. The flow separates at
(A) s=Q/3)em B)s=G/Qam (©) s=@/2)m OD) seam
For a multi-stage axial compressor with constant diameter hub
{A) Blade height decreases in the flow direction
{B) Blade height increases in the flow direction
{©) Blade height remains constant
{D) Blade height first increases and then decreases in the flow direction
In a2-D, steady, fully developed, laminar boundary layer over 4 flal plate. if x is (he streamwise
coocdinate, y is the wall normal coordinate and. u is the stream-wise velocity component, which of
the following is true:
du du Bu du ou Ou du
au
eas O>-z OTe Fy
How does the specific thrust, at constant turbine inlet temperature, produced by a turbofan engine
change with an increase in compressor pressure ratio?
(A) Increases (B) Decreases
(©) First increases and then decreases (D) First decreases and then increases
If @ is the potential function for aa incompressible irrotitional flow, and w and v are the Cartesian
velocity components, then which one of the following combinations is correct?
iAlu
Among the choices given below, the Spotific Impulse is maximum for a
1A) Cryogenic Rocket (By Solid Rocket
«C) Liquid Rocket {D) Ramjet
aewn
Q.24 Fora flow across an oblique shock which of the following statements is tue?
(A) Component of velocity normal to chock decreases while tangential component increases.
{B) Component of velocity normal to shock increases while tangential component decreases.
(C) Component of velocity normal to shock is unchanged while tangential component decreases.
() Component of velocity normal ta shock decreases while tangential component is unchanged.
Q.25 The maximum operating flow rate through a centrifugal compressor at a given RPM is limited by
(A) Ienpellor stall (B) Surge
(©) Choking of diffuser throat (D) Inlet flow distortion
0.26 - 0.55 carry two marks each.
Q.26 A spacecraft of mass 100 kg, moving at an instantaneous speed of 1.8 x 10* avs, picks up
Q.27 Following stress state is proposed for a 2-D problem with no body forces: oy,
interstellar dust at the rate of 3.2 x10 kg/s. Assuming that the dust was initially at rest, the
instantaneous rate of retardation of the spacecraft is:
{A} 719x107 ms? (By 2.3% 107% mvs? (C) zero {D) 58% 10% mis?
ty tay?
@,, zy tldsy, t= 3x" - Ta? Ie satisfies
(A) Equilibrium equations but nat compatibility equation,
(B) Compatibiticy cquation but not equilibrium equations
(C) Neither equilibrium equations nor compatibility equation
(D) Both equilibrium equations and compatibility equation
2.28 A uniform cross-section rigid rod of mass m and length |, is hinged 2t its upper end and suspended
like a pendulum. fos natural frequency for small oscillations is
g ig
ae By 2 ©
Vor By; ©
o fe
Q.29 The thin rectangutar plate shown in the Figure is loaded with uniform shear. ta, along all edges and
uniform uniaxial tension in the y-direction. The appropriate Airy's stress function to solve for
stresses is given by
B) t,xy- 0,
8) E.- 9,5
© Fy +e, + oc
rs2010
Q.30
31
Qs
Q.33
Qe
Qa
4B
A propeller powered aircrafl, trimmed to attain maximum range and flying in a straight line, travels
a distance Irom its take-off point when it has consumed a weight of fuel equal to 20% of its
uke-off weight. Jf the aircraft continues (o fly and consumes a total weight of fuel equal to 5U% of
its take-off weight, the distance between it and its take-off point becomes:
(25K (B3ER (21a @)39R
The given thin wall section of uniform thickness, 4, is symmetric about x-axis. Moment of inertia is
givento be 7, Sa Shear center for this section is located at
r= Bx
hh ©) x=
17
DD) =-sh
@) xenggh
‘During an under-damped oscillation of a single degree of freedom system, in the time-displacement
lot the third peak is of magnitude 100 and the tenth pcak is of magnitude 10. The damping ratio ¢
is approxirnately:
«0.082 (By 0.023 (C) 0.366 «D) 0.159
Given that the Laplece transform of y(0)=e"(2cos2¢—sin 26) is ¥66)=———=—. the
sth +4
Laplace transform of y,(1) = e'{2c0s 2t—sin 24) is
2s-2) 2s+2) 25+2) Y%s-1)
Ay By os Dp)
‘ eae +4 ‘ Gorse © Gort te ° (sD +4
Ina certain region a hill is described by the shape 2(x, ¥) = ~” + y"-ay—Sy, where the axes x
and y are inthe horizontal plane and axis z points vertically upward. If i, j and k are unit vectors.
along x, yand z, respectively. then al the point x= 5, y= 10 the unit vector in the direction of the
steepest slope of the hil will be:
wi Bi ck (D) is jek
‘Aa aircraft is cruising at an altitude of 9 km. The free-stream static pressure and density at this
altitude are 3.08 x 10° Nim? and 0.467 kg/m* respectively. A Pitot tube mounted on the wing
senses a pressure of 3.31 x 10* N/m?. Ignoring compressibility effects, the cruising speed of the
aircraft is approximately
(A) 50 ms (B) 100 ws (C) 150 m/s (@) 200 ns
aE
we200
O36
QT
Q38
Q.39
Q40
ae
‘The trim curves of an aircraft are of the formC, , =(0.05-0.26,]—0.1C, where the elevator
deflection angle. é. is in radians. The static margin of the aircraft is,
cayas (B02 or (Dy 005
‘The function f(x, y) =x" + ¥" —xy—3y° bas an exirernum at the point
0.2) B30} C122) ) LD
Consider the flow of air (9 =1.23 kg/m’) over a wing of chord length 0.5 m and span 3 m. Let the
free stream velocity be U = 100 nv/sand the average circulation around the wing beT = 10 mig
per unit span. The lift force acting, on the wing is
(A)6I5N (B) 1845.N (©) 3690 N @) 420
The stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature inside the combustion chamber of a liquid
rocket engine are 1.5 MPa and 2500 K respectively. The burned gases have y = 12 and
R = 692.83 Vagk. The rocket has a converging - diverging nozzle with a throal area of 0.025 m™
and the flow at the exit of the nozzle is supersonic. If the Alow through the nozzle is isentropic, what
is the mass flow rate of the gases out of the nozzle?
(A) LBS kel (8) 31.2 kgs (C) 29.7 kgs (D) 19.4 kgs
In finding a root of the equation: x” 6x +5
convergence equal to:
{ALO 1.67 20 (0)25
the Newton Raphson method achieves an order of
Q41 Consider a 1-D adiabatic, inviscid, compressible flow of air (R = 287 MKg-K, ¢, = 718 WKg-K}
through a duct of constant cross-sectional area A=1m’. If the volumetric flow rate is
@ = 680 m/s and stagnation temperature is J, = 580.05 K , then the air temperature inside the
duct is
(A) 300K (By 350K «C) 400K @) 450K
Q42 A two stage chemical rocket, having the same specific impulse (7,,) of 300 s for both the stages is
designed in such a way that the payload ratio and the sirectural ratio are same for both the stages.
‘The second stage of the rocket has following mass distribution :
Propellant Mass = 10208 ke
Structural Mass = 1134 kg
Payload Mass = 1700 kg
§, 29.8 ms*
If the rocket is fired from rest and it flies in a zero gravity field and a drag free environment, the
final velocity attained by the payload is
(A) 9729.3 ms, (B) 807.3 mis (€) 93602 mis (D) 8973.2 mis
Q43 A missile with a Ramjet engine is flying in avr. The temperature al the infet and the outlet of the
‘combustor ate 1200 K and 2500 K respectively. The heating value of the fuel is 43 MI/kg and the
burner efficiency is 90%. Considering the working fluid to be air (Cy = 1005 J/kg and y= 1.4}, the
fueléair ratio ( f = —+) for this engine is equal to
(a) 0.072 (B) 0.036 «©) 1.082 {D) 0.026
aE ~ Te210
Qa
Q45
46
Qa?
ae
‘The trim curves of an aircraft are of the form, ={0.05—0.20,)—0.1C, where the elevator
deflection angle, 4,, is in radians. The change in elevator deflection needed to increase the lift
coefficient from 0.4 10 0.9 is :
(A) -0.5 radians (By O25 radians = (C) 0.25radians {D) 0.5 radians
fe is the base of the natural logarithms then tbe equation of the 1angen! from the origin to the curve
yeetis
(A) yaa (B) yaa y=
(D) ysex
Consider a potential flow over a finite wing with the following circulation distribution
Ifthe free stream velocity is 100 m/s, the induced angle of attack is
(A) 0.125 radians (B) -0.125 radians
) 0.125, G3 radians
inlet stagnation temperature for a single stage axial compressor is 300 K and the stuge
efficiency is 0.80. Following conditions exist af the mean radius of the rotor blade:
Biade speed = 200 m/s,
Axial flow velocity = 160 mvs
Iniet blade angle 6, = 44”
Outlec blade angie f= 14°
Cy= 1005 Tikgk and y= 14
What is the stagnation pressure ratio (Pas) for this compressor?
(A141 137 (© 151 (Dy 1.23
wex0 ae
Common Data Questions
Comman Data for Questions 48 and 49:
Consider a simply supported beam of length L, carrying a bracket welded at its center. The bracket carries a
vertical load, P. as shown in the figute. Dimensions of bracket are @=0.1L. The beam has a square cross
section of dimension 4 x h.
Q48 Bending moment
A)
1) M
0.3PL]
0.2PL
2PL
i
O3PL
©
© Ma
O3PL
“| 7 4
mn
oO) M
0.3PL
r
~O.2PL.
49 Maximum value of shear stress is
(A) 0.67 PAP (B) 1.33 PA? (OLS PAP (0) 0.9 PAE
mE we2010 ae
Common Data for Questions 50 and $1:
Consider a potentiat flow over a spinring cylinder, ‘The stream function is given as
v=@rsino Lint
where
Free siream velocity, V, = 25 m/s =
Cylinder radius, R é
cir ol re soe nt “ ”
tion, P= 1
relation, ms
Q.50 The radial and azimuthal velocities on the cylinder surface at 6 = /Zare
(A) V, =0 mis, V,==75 ms (B) V, =O.ms, V, =75 ms
()V, £0 mis, ¥, =-25 mis ©) V, =0 ms, V, = 25 ms
Q.51 ‘The stagnation points are located at
(A) 210? and 330° (B) 240° and 300° {C) 30° and 150° (D) 60? and 120°
Linked Answer Questions
Statement for Linked Answer Questions 52 and 53:
An aircraft with an IDEAL Turbojet engine is flying ot 200 mvs at an altitude where the ambient pressure is
equal to 0.8 bar. The stagnation pressure and temperature at the inlet of the turbine are 6 bar and £400 K
respectively. The change :n specific enthalpy across the compressor is 335 ki/kg. Assume the foal flow rate
to be very small in comparison to the air flow rate and consider Cp= 1117 J/kgK andy = 1.3,
Q.52 What is the stagnetion pressure af the inlet of the nozzle?
(A) 28 bar (B) 5.7 bar «C) 2.1 bar {D) 6.3 bar
Q.53. Whats the specific thrust produced by this engine under the given conditions?
(A) 586 Nolkg (B) 745 Nock (©) 686 Nevkg (D} SOONSAg
‘Statement for Linked Answer Questions 54 and 55:
‘An aircraft is in straight and level flight at a constant speed v. It is disturbed by a symmetric vertical gust,
resulting in a phugoid oscillation of time period 7.
Q.54 Assuming that g is the acceleration duc to gravity, Tis given approximately by:
y ny ¥ viav
ws om = © wenv
78 g Ving a
Q.55 1f y= 200 m/s then the wavelength of the phugoid oscillations, assuming g = 9.81 mvs’, is,
approximately:
{A) 1.28 x 10' mm (8) 1.3010" m C) 181 « 10m (D} 918m
ne 1962010
ae
General Aptitude (GA) Questions
Q.56~
0.56
O37
Q58
Qs9
Q.60
Qei-
Qe
Q.60 carry one mark each.
Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word below:
tAdeyelic
B) indirect
(©) confusing
(D) crooked
The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of words, Select the
pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair:
Unemployed : Worker
{A) fallow : land
(B) unaware : sleeper
(©) wit: jester
«D) renovated : house
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following
Sentence:
If we manage to our natural resources, we would leave a better planet for
‘our children.
(A) uphold
(B) restrain
(C)cherish
{D) conserve
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below 10 comploie the following
sentence:
jis rather casual remarks on polities his lack of seriousness about the subject.
(A) masked
«By belied
(O) betrayed
(0) suppressed
25 persons ate in a room. 15 of them play hockey, 17 of them play football and 10 of them play
both hockey snd football. ‘Then the number of persons playing neither hackey nor football is:
(a2 (By 17 ion M3
Q.65 carry tvo marks each.
Modern warfare has changed from large scale clashes of armies to suppression of civilian
Populations. Chemical agents that do their work silently appear to be suited to such warfare;
and regretfully, there exist people in military establishments who think that chemical agents
are useful tools for their cause.
Which of the following statements best sums up the meaning of the above passage:
(A) Modern warfare has resulted in civil strife,
{B) Chemical agems are useful in modem warfare.
(C) Use of chemical agers in warfare would be undesirable.
«D) People in military establishments like to use chemical agents in wer.
Tae209
ae
Q62 1f1374.276=.435 how much is 731 + 6727
1A) 534 (8) 1403, (C) 1623 @) 1513
Q63 _$ skilled workers can build a wall in 20 days; 8 semi-skilled workers can build a wall in 25 days;
10 unskilled workers can build a wall ia 30 days. If a team has 2 skilled, © semi-skilled and
5 unskilled workers. how Jong will it take to build the wall?
{A) 20 days (B) 18 days (€) Iedays (D) 15 days
Q64 Given digits 2, 2.3.3. 3.4.4.4. 4 haw many distinct 4 digit numbers greater than 3000 can be
formed?
1A) 50 6) 51 © @) 54
Q65 Hari (H), Gita (G), Irfan (aed Saira (S) are siblings (ie. brothers and sisters). All were bon on
1" January. The age difference between any two successive siblings (chat is bom one after another)
is less than 3 years. Given the following facts:
i. Hari’s age + Gita's age > Irfan's age + Saira’s age.
ii, The age difference between Gita and Saira is 1 year. However, Gita is not the
oldest and Saira is not the youngest.
iii, There are no twins.
In what order were they born (oldest first)?
(A) HSIG @scH (©) 1GsH @) THSG
END OF THE QUESTION PAPER
rr Tae2010 AE
Space for Rough Work
a rsSpace for Rough Work
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TaeSpace for Rough Work
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