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ma AE : AEROSPACE ENGINEERING Duration: These Hous Maxine Marks: 100 Read the following instructions carefully. 10, u 12, 13. ‘This question paper contains 16 pages including blank pages for rough work. Please check all pages and report discrepancy, if any. ‘Write your registration number, your name and name of the examination centre at the specified Jocations on the tight half of the Optical Response Sheet (ORS). ‘Using HB pencil, darken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration number and the Jenters corresponding to your paper code. All questions in this paper are of objective type. Questions must be answered on the ORS by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B,C, D} using HB pencil against the question number on the Ieft hard side of the ORS. For each question darken the bubble of the correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely More than one answer bubbled agsinst a question will be ueated as an incorrect response. ‘There are a tol of 65 questions carrying 100 marks. Questions Q.1 - 0.25 wilh carry 1-mark each. and questions Q.26 - Q.55 will carry 2-marks each. Questions Q-48 - Q.51 (2 pairs) are common data questions and question pairs (Q.52, Q.53) and (Q54, Q.55) are linked answer questions. The answer to the second question of the linked answer questions depends on the answer 10 the first question of the pair. Ifthe first question in the linked pair is wrongly answered of is un-attempted, then the answer to the second question in the pair will not be evaluatod. ‘Questions Q.56 - Q.65 belong to General Aptitude (GA). Questions Q.56 - Q.60 will carry L-mark each, and questions Q.61 - Q.65 will carry 2-marks each. The GA questions will begin on a fresh age starting from page 11. Unrattempied questions ‘Wrong answers will carry NEGATIVE marks. For Q.1 - Q.25 and 0.56 - 0.60, % mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. For Q.26 ~ Q.51 and Q.61~Q.65, # mack will be deducted for each ‘wrong answer. The question pairs (Q.52, 0.53), and (0.54, Q.55) are questions with linked answers. There will be negative marks only for wrong answer to the first question of the linked answer question pair i.e, for Q.52 and Q.54, % mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. There is no negative marking for Q.53 and Q.58. all carry zero marks. ‘Calculator (without dats connectivity) is allowed in the examination hall. Charts, graph sheets or tables are NOT allowed in the examination hall. . Rough work can be done on the question paper itseif. Additionally, blank pages are provided at the end ofthe question paper for rough work Te SEAL 219 ae Q.1-Q.25 carry one mark each. Qi Q2 Q3 Q4 Qs Qs Q7 Qa Qo Isentropic efficiency 1, of a subsonic diffuser is defined as (Note: ‘a’ represents the ambient, “2° represents the exit of the difluser and *s' represents an isentropic process = T, Ton ~T (ote the Ta, Ts *Ty a {A) translation {(B) rotation (©) magnification {D) combination of transtation, rotation, and magnification. An aircraft is climbing at a constant specd in a straight line at a steep angle of climb. The load factor it sustains during the climb is: 4A) equal 10 1.0 (B) greater than 10 {C) positive bet Jess than LO (D) dependant on the weight of the aircraft In a genetal case of a homogeneous material under thermo-mechanical loading the number of distinct components of the state of stress is a3 4 40) 5 6 2 3 The linear second order partial differential equation cad +3 a + age 495 (A) Parabolic {B) Hyperbolic «C) Eltiptic (D) None of the above All other factors remaining consiant, if the weight of an aircraft increases by 30% thea the takeoff distance increases by approximately: (A) 15% (B) 30% KC) 20% (D) 105% A vertical slender rod is suspended by a hinge at the top and hangs freely. Itis heated until it attains a uniform temperaue, 7, Neglecting the effect of gravity, the rod has (A) Stress but 10 strain (B) Strain but no stress (©) Both stress anc strain (D) Neither stress nor strain An aircrafi stalls at a speed of 40 mis in straight and level flight. The slowest speed at which this aircraft can execute a level um at a bank angle of 60 degrees is: (A) 283 Ws ¢8)40.0 ms (€) 56.6 mis (D) The eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix are always (A) positive (B) imaginary (©) real (D) complex conjugate pairs a je Q10 Que Q12 Qn O14 Qus ‘The concentration x of a certain chemical cpesies at time rin a chemical reaction is described by the ae = Given that ¢ is the base of the natural a differential caustion +k =0. ‘0 it i logarithms. the concentration xat f= (A) falls to the value 0.525 (B) cises to the value 2x, (©) fas to the value (D) rises to the value ex ¢ Yk ‘The definite integral J 2 iApdocs not exist (BY isequalta 2 (C)isequalto @ ——_(D) is equal to -2 The absolute ceiling of an aircraft is the altitude above which it (A) can never react (B) cannot susiain level Hight a1 a consiant speed {C) can perform acceleraved Night as well as straight and level flight at 2 constant speed (D) can perform straight and level flight at a constant speed only A thin rectangular plate made of isotropic material which satisfies the octahedral (ie., Von Mise! Distortion energy) failure criterion has yield strength of 200 MPa under uniaxial tension. As shown in the figure. if it is toaded with uniform tension of 150 MPa along the x-direction, the maximum uniform tensile stiess that can be applied along the y-direction before the plate sians yielding is about 3, tttt WHT (A) 227 MPa (B)77 MPa (C) 87 MPa {D) 114 MPa Consider an incompressible 2-D Couette flow of water between two walls spaced Im apart. The lower wall is kept stationary. What is the shear stress acting on the lower wall if the upper wall is moving at a constant speed of 2 ws? (41,_,, = 7X10" N.s/m*) —> 2ms fA) 3.SXLO"NIm? (8) 7XLO"NAm* = (C) 10.5x107Nim* (Dy 14x10" fn? ‘The angular momentum, about the centre of mass of the earth, of an artificial satellite in a highly elliptical orbits [A) a maximum when the satellite is farthest from the earth (B)a constant (€) proportional tothe speed of the satellite {D) proportional co the aquare of the speed of the satellite 2010) Qs Quy aus Qs Q20 Q21 Q2 Q23 ag A column of length 1 und flexural rigidity EZ, has one end fixed and the other end hinged. The critical buckling load for the colusnn is EL (ony A horizontal cantilevered steel beam of rectangulur cross-section having width & and dopth d is vibrating in the veruical plane, The natural frequency of bending vibration is highest when fA) (By {0.50 oy (A) b= 10, @jb=2,d=5 (CC) b=5,d= 20 (D) b= 35,44 Consider an incompressible 2-D viscous flow over a coved surface. Let the pressure distribution on the surface be p(s) = 2esin(Z-rs} en’ where 5 is the distance along the curved surface from the leading edge. The flow separates at (A) s=Q/3)em B)s=G/Qam (©) s=@/2)m OD) seam For a multi-stage axial compressor with constant diameter hub {A) Blade height decreases in the flow direction {B) Blade height increases in the flow direction {©) Blade height remains constant {D) Blade height first increases and then decreases in the flow direction In a2-D, steady, fully developed, laminar boundary layer over 4 flal plate. if x is (he streamwise coocdinate, y is the wall normal coordinate and. u is the stream-wise velocity component, which of the following is true: du du Bu du ou Ou du au eas O>-z OTe Fy How does the specific thrust, at constant turbine inlet temperature, produced by a turbofan engine change with an increase in compressor pressure ratio? (A) Increases (B) Decreases (©) First increases and then decreases (D) First decreases and then increases If @ is the potential function for aa incompressible irrotitional flow, and w and v are the Cartesian velocity components, then which one of the following combinations is correct? iAlu Among the choices given below, the Spotific Impulse is maximum for a 1A) Cryogenic Rocket (By Solid Rocket «C) Liquid Rocket {D) Ramjet ae wn Q.24 Fora flow across an oblique shock which of the following statements is tue? (A) Component of velocity normal to chock decreases while tangential component increases. {B) Component of velocity normal to shock increases while tangential component decreases. (C) Component of velocity normal to shock is unchanged while tangential component decreases. () Component of velocity normal ta shock decreases while tangential component is unchanged. Q.25 The maximum operating flow rate through a centrifugal compressor at a given RPM is limited by (A) Ienpellor stall (B) Surge (©) Choking of diffuser throat (D) Inlet flow distortion 0.26 - 0.55 carry two marks each. Q.26 A spacecraft of mass 100 kg, moving at an instantaneous speed of 1.8 x 10* avs, picks up Q.27 Following stress state is proposed for a 2-D problem with no body forces: oy, interstellar dust at the rate of 3.2 x10 kg/s. Assuming that the dust was initially at rest, the instantaneous rate of retardation of the spacecraft is: {A} 719x107 ms? (By 2.3% 107% mvs? (C) zero {D) 58% 10% mis? ty tay? @,, zy tldsy, t= 3x" - Ta? Ie satisfies (A) Equilibrium equations but nat compatibility equation, (B) Compatibiticy cquation but not equilibrium equations (C) Neither equilibrium equations nor compatibility equation (D) Both equilibrium equations and compatibility equation 2.28 A uniform cross-section rigid rod of mass m and length |, is hinged 2t its upper end and suspended like a pendulum. fos natural frequency for small oscillations is g ig ae By 2 © Vor By; © o fe Q.29 The thin rectangutar plate shown in the Figure is loaded with uniform shear. ta, along all edges and uniform uniaxial tension in the y-direction. The appropriate Airy's stress function to solve for stresses is given by B) t,xy- 0, 8) E.- 9,5 © Fy +e, + oc rs 2010 Q.30 31 Qs Q.33 Qe Qa 4B A propeller powered aircrafl, trimmed to attain maximum range and flying in a straight line, travels a distance Irom its take-off point when it has consumed a weight of fuel equal to 20% of its uke-off weight. Jf the aircraft continues (o fly and consumes a total weight of fuel equal to 5U% of its take-off weight, the distance between it and its take-off point becomes: (25K (B3ER (21a @)39R The given thin wall section of uniform thickness, 4, is symmetric about x-axis. Moment of inertia is givento be 7, Sa Shear center for this section is located at r= Bx hh ©) x= 17 DD) =-sh @) xenggh ‘During an under-damped oscillation of a single degree of freedom system, in the time-displacement lot the third peak is of magnitude 100 and the tenth pcak is of magnitude 10. The damping ratio ¢ is approxirnately: «0.082 (By 0.023 (C) 0.366 «D) 0.159 Given that the Laplece transform of y(0)=e"(2cos2¢—sin 26) is ¥66)=———=—. the sth +4 Laplace transform of y,(1) = e'{2c0s 2t—sin 24) is 2s-2) 2s+2) 25+2) Y%s-1) Ay By os Dp) ‘ eae +4 ‘ Gorse © Gort te ° (sD +4 Ina certain region a hill is described by the shape 2(x, ¥) = ~” + y"-ay—Sy, where the axes x and y are inthe horizontal plane and axis z points vertically upward. If i, j and k are unit vectors. along x, yand z, respectively. then al the point x= 5, y= 10 the unit vector in the direction of the steepest slope of the hil will be: wi Bi ck (D) is jek ‘Aa aircraft is cruising at an altitude of 9 km. The free-stream static pressure and density at this altitude are 3.08 x 10° Nim? and 0.467 kg/m* respectively. A Pitot tube mounted on the wing senses a pressure of 3.31 x 10* N/m?. Ignoring compressibility effects, the cruising speed of the aircraft is approximately (A) 50 ms (B) 100 ws (C) 150 m/s (@) 200 ns aE we 200 O36 QT Q38 Q.39 Q40 ae ‘The trim curves of an aircraft are of the formC, , =(0.05-0.26,]—0.1C, where the elevator deflection angle. é. is in radians. The static margin of the aircraft is, cayas (B02 or (Dy 005 ‘The function f(x, y) =x" + ¥" —xy—3y° bas an exirernum at the point 0.2) B30} C122) ) LD Consider the flow of air (9 =1.23 kg/m’) over a wing of chord length 0.5 m and span 3 m. Let the free stream velocity be U = 100 nv/sand the average circulation around the wing beT = 10 mig per unit span. The lift force acting, on the wing is (A)6I5N (B) 1845.N (©) 3690 N @) 420 The stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature inside the combustion chamber of a liquid rocket engine are 1.5 MPa and 2500 K respectively. The burned gases have y = 12 and R = 692.83 Vagk. The rocket has a converging - diverging nozzle with a throal area of 0.025 m™ and the flow at the exit of the nozzle is supersonic. If the Alow through the nozzle is isentropic, what is the mass flow rate of the gases out of the nozzle? (A) LBS kel (8) 31.2 kgs (C) 29.7 kgs (D) 19.4 kgs In finding a root of the equation: x” 6x +5 convergence equal to: {ALO 1.67 20 (0)25 the Newton Raphson method achieves an order of Q41 Consider a 1-D adiabatic, inviscid, compressible flow of air (R = 287 MKg-K, ¢, = 718 WKg-K} through a duct of constant cross-sectional area A=1m’. If the volumetric flow rate is @ = 680 m/s and stagnation temperature is J, = 580.05 K , then the air temperature inside the duct is (A) 300K (By 350K «C) 400K @) 450K Q42 A two stage chemical rocket, having the same specific impulse (7,,) of 300 s for both the stages is designed in such a way that the payload ratio and the sirectural ratio are same for both the stages. ‘The second stage of the rocket has following mass distribution : Propellant Mass = 10208 ke Structural Mass = 1134 kg Payload Mass = 1700 kg §, 29.8 ms* If the rocket is fired from rest and it flies in a zero gravity field and a drag free environment, the final velocity attained by the payload is (A) 9729.3 ms, (B) 807.3 mis (€) 93602 mis (D) 8973.2 mis Q43 A missile with a Ramjet engine is flying in avr. The temperature al the infet and the outlet of the ‘combustor ate 1200 K and 2500 K respectively. The heating value of the fuel is 43 MI/kg and the burner efficiency is 90%. Considering the working fluid to be air (Cy = 1005 J/kg and y= 1.4}, the fueléair ratio ( f = —+) for this engine is equal to (a) 0.072 (B) 0.036 «©) 1.082 {D) 0.026 aE ~ Te 210 Qa Q45 46 Qa? ae ‘The trim curves of an aircraft are of the form, ={0.05—0.20,)—0.1C, where the elevator deflection angle, 4,, is in radians. The change in elevator deflection needed to increase the lift coefficient from 0.4 10 0.9 is : (A) -0.5 radians (By O25 radians = (C) 0.25radians {D) 0.5 radians fe is the base of the natural logarithms then tbe equation of the 1angen! from the origin to the curve yeetis (A) yaa (B) yaa y= (D) ysex Consider a potential flow over a finite wing with the following circulation distribution Ifthe free stream velocity is 100 m/s, the induced angle of attack is (A) 0.125 radians (B) -0.125 radians ) 0.125, G3 radians inlet stagnation temperature for a single stage axial compressor is 300 K and the stuge efficiency is 0.80. Following conditions exist af the mean radius of the rotor blade: Biade speed = 200 m/s, Axial flow velocity = 160 mvs Iniet blade angle 6, = 44” Outlec blade angie f= 14° Cy= 1005 Tikgk and y= 14 What is the stagnation pressure ratio (Pas) for this compressor? (A141 137 (© 151 (Dy 1.23 we x0 ae Common Data Questions Comman Data for Questions 48 and 49: Consider a simply supported beam of length L, carrying a bracket welded at its center. The bracket carries a vertical load, P. as shown in the figute. Dimensions of bracket are @=0.1L. The beam has a square cross section of dimension 4 x h. Q48 Bending moment A) 1) M 0.3PL] 0.2PL 2PL i O3PL © © Ma O3PL “| 7 4 mn oO) M 0.3PL r ~O.2PL. 49 Maximum value of shear stress is (A) 0.67 PAP (B) 1.33 PA? (OLS PAP (0) 0.9 PAE mE we 2010 ae Common Data for Questions 50 and $1: Consider a potentiat flow over a spinring cylinder, ‘The stream function is given as v=@rsino Lint where Free siream velocity, V, = 25 m/s = Cylinder radius, R é cir ol re soe nt “ ” tion, P= 1 relation, ms Q.50 The radial and azimuthal velocities on the cylinder surface at 6 = /Zare (A) V, =0 mis, V,==75 ms (B) V,, V, =75 ms ()V, £0 mis, ¥, =-25 mis ©) V, =0 ms, V, = 25 ms Q.51 ‘The stagnation points are located at (A) 210? and 330° (B) 240° and 300° {C) 30° and 150° (D) 60? and 120° Linked Answer Questions Statement for Linked Answer Questions 52 and 53: An aircraft with an IDEAL Turbojet engine is flying ot 200 mvs at an altitude where the ambient pressure is equal to 0.8 bar. The stagnation pressure and temperature at the inlet of the turbine are 6 bar and £400 K respectively. The change :n specific enthalpy across the compressor is 335 ki/kg. Assume the foal flow rate to be very small in comparison to the air flow rate and consider Cp= 1117 J/kgK andy = 1.3, Q.52 What is the stagnetion pressure af the inlet of the nozzle? (A) 28 bar (B) 5.7 bar «C) 2.1 bar {D) 6.3 bar Q.53. Whats the specific thrust produced by this engine under the given conditions? (A) 586 Nolkg (B) 745 Nock (©) 686 Nevkg (D} SOONSAg ‘Statement for Linked Answer Questions 54 and 55: ‘An aircraft is in straight and level flight at a constant speed v. It is disturbed by a symmetric vertical gust, resulting in a phugoid oscillation of time period 7. Q.54 Assuming that g is the acceleration duc to gravity, Tis given approximately by: y ny ¥ viav ws om = © wenv 78 g Ving a Q.55 1f y= 200 m/s then the wavelength of the phugoid oscillations, assuming g = 9.81 mvs’, is, approximately: {A) 1.28 x 10' mm (8) 1.3010" m C) 181 « 10m (D} 918m ne 196 2010 ae General Aptitude (GA) Questions Q.56~ 0.56 O37 Q58 Qs9 Q.60 Qei- Qe Q.60 carry one mark each. Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word below: tAdeyelic B) indirect (©) confusing (D) crooked The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of words, Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair: Unemployed : Worker {A) fallow : land (B) unaware : sleeper (©) wit: jester «D) renovated : house Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following Sentence: If we manage to our natural resources, we would leave a better planet for ‘our children. (A) uphold (B) restrain (C)cherish {D) conserve Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below 10 comploie the following sentence: jis rather casual remarks on polities his lack of seriousness about the subject. (A) masked «By belied (O) betrayed (0) suppressed 25 persons ate in a room. 15 of them play hockey, 17 of them play football and 10 of them play both hockey snd football. ‘Then the number of persons playing neither hackey nor football is: (a2 (By 17 ion M3 Q.65 carry tvo marks each. Modern warfare has changed from large scale clashes of armies to suppression of civilian Populations. Chemical agents that do their work silently appear to be suited to such warfare; and regretfully, there exist people in military establishments who think that chemical agents are useful tools for their cause. Which of the following statements best sums up the meaning of the above passage: (A) Modern warfare has resulted in civil strife, {B) Chemical agems are useful in modem warfare. (C) Use of chemical agers in warfare would be undesirable. «D) People in military establishments like to use chemical agents in wer. Tae 209 ae Q62 1f1374.276=.435 how much is 731 + 6727 1A) 534 (8) 1403, (C) 1623 @) 1513 Q63 _$ skilled workers can build a wall in 20 days; 8 semi-skilled workers can build a wall in 25 days; 10 unskilled workers can build a wall ia 30 days. If a team has 2 skilled, © semi-skilled and 5 unskilled workers. how Jong will it take to build the wall? {A) 20 days (B) 18 days (€) Iedays (D) 15 days Q64 Given digits 2, 2.3.3. 4 haw many distinct 4 digit numbers greater than 3000 can be formed? 1A) 50 6) 51 © @) 54 Q65 Hari (H), Gita (G), Irfan (aed Saira (S) are siblings (ie. brothers and sisters). All were bon on 1" January. The age difference between any two successive siblings (chat is bom one after another) is less than 3 years. Given the following facts: i. Hari’s age + Gita's age > Irfan's age + Saira’s age. ii, The age difference between Gita and Saira is 1 year. However, Gita is not the oldest and Saira is not the youngest. iii, There are no twins. In what order were they born (oldest first)? (A) HSIG @scH (©) 1GsH @) THSG END OF THE QUESTION PAPER rr Tae 2010 AE Space for Rough Work a rs Space for Rough Work x Tae Space for Rough Work WS x wis Space for Rough Work AE ray