HRVC Analysis for Documentary
What is a Hazard? How is it Classified? A dangerous condition or events that threaten or have the potential for causing injury to life or damage to property or the environment. They can be categorized in various ways but, based on the origin, hazards worldwide are basically grouped in two board headings: 1. 2. Natural Hazards (hazards with meteorological, geological Unnatural Hazards (hazards with human-caused or
or even biological origin) technological orgin) It is also important to know that natural phenomena are extreme climatological, hydrological, or geological, processes that do not pose any threat to persons or property if they occur in uninhabited areas . A massive earthquake in an unpopulated area, for example, is a natural phenomenon, not a hazard. wide spread damage. The effect of a hazard results in Disaster. It means that the ability of the Society to recover from the losses and damages cannot be completed with their own resources and requires out side help. In our State natural disasters are caused by Cyclone, Floods and Drought. We shall know more about the features of the first two. CYCLONE Characteristics Cyclones are caused in the sea i.e. Bay of Bengal due to low pressure and other meteorological causes where high speed winds rotate around a low pressure centre called the eye of the cyclone. rain takes place. The winds Speed of winds could be from 60 kmph to above 200 kmph. Along with the winds very heavy cause the sea waves of heights between 3 to 7 meters in height and can cross the coast line anywhere up to 10-15 kms inland . This is known as Storm Surge or Uppena in Telugu. Severe damages are caused due to high speed winds and the Uppena. Due to torrential rains local flooding takes place and this adds to the losses suffered by the society. Warning It is when these natural phenomena interact with the man made environment or fragile areas which causes
Warning for the cyclone is given by the Indian Meteorological Department from Visakhapatnam. Disseminated through satellite based disaster warning systems, radio, television, telephone, fax, Police communications, public announcements by revenue officials and the print media. Who is affected Humans & Livestock. By death, injuries and diseases What is affected Huts and Houses - with light weight roofs – (thatched , tin sheets), walls with mud plaster, weak foundation. Buildings with structural weakness to high winds and flood waters. Storage Godowns, sheds with weak construction Working tools/implements. (Trade tools – looms, boats, fishing nets etc) Electricity wires & poles, Water supply systems. Communication systems – Tele lines/poles, telephones, Communication Towers,Roads,bridges, culverts Vehicles like cycles, M/cycles/sooters,auto rickshaws,tractors,4 wheeled vehicles, Bullock carts etc. Lowlying areas Crops, Weak trees, Plantations like- coconut trees, fruit orchards All 100% of the elements as identified above do not get damaged. A rough guess is about 15 to 30 percent of the categories would suffer losses. However the numbers or the quantities would also increase or decrease due to other factors like the time available before the hazard strikes, Intensity of the hazard, Duration of the strike, Extent of area covered by the hazard, Time of strike i.e. Daytime or night time, density of the people and the habitations. In all above cases the damage or loss takes place due to existing weakness in the elements, the first being the exposure due to the location and the weakness in not having the strength to cope with the forces/pressures created by the wind and water as explained above. Analysis See the weak spots/areas which were affected in the past, if not get to know from the other affected areas close by.
What is vulnerability? Vulnerability is defined as “The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic areas is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular hazard, on account of their nature, construction and proximity to hazardous terrain or a disaster prone area”. For example the villages next to the sea shore are more prone to cyclone threat than villages which are 20 kilometers away from the shore. Therefore the villages which are about 500 yards from the water line will be most affected. Most Elements identified earlier will have the likelihood of facing the losses/damages. When you look at an object this term will mean the weakness of the object in withstanding the stress/pressure/force of a certain level. Compare a slate pencil with the normal pencil. You will discover that slate pencil will break into two pieces when you apply sufficient pressure by your hands. Normal pencil however will not break with the same pressure. Social and economic conditions also determine the vulnerability of a society to an extent. It has been observed that human losses in disasters in developing countries like India tend to be high when compared to developed countries where material losses predominate. What is Risk? Risk is a measure of the expected losses (deaths, injuries, property, economic activity etc) due to a hazard of a particular magnitude occurring in a given area over a specific time period. The figure on the right illustrates essentially the four factors essentially • • • hazards, Hazard location, exposure, effects and vulnerability in the which contribute to risk. They are: (physical generated naturally occurring event). Location of the hazards relative to the community at risk. Exposure (the value and importance of the various types of
structures and lifeline systems such as water-supply, communication network, transportation network etc in the community serving the population, and
Vulnerability of the exposed structures and systems to the
hazards expected to affect them during their useful life.
HAZARD, RISK, VULNERABILITY CAPACITY ANALYSIS Hazard, risk vulnerability capacity analysis (HRVC) is the most important part of the plan as the entire planning process will be based on its outcome. Any error in identifying the frequency, magnitude and projected impact leads to erroneous identification of major hazard and hence an erroneous plan. The necessary outcomes of the HRV analysis should be the type of hazards that the Village is prone to, history of hazards, impact analysis of the worst case, the area, people and infrastructure that is prone to the risk of these hazards and their vulnerability of being damaged by such disasters due to their vulnerability characteristics. Vulnerable Assessment should deal with the socio-economic vulnerability, housing vulnerability and environmental vulnerability. HRV analysis should also include resource inventory/capacity analysis, preparedness analysis in terms of network of communication systems, public distribution systems, storage facilities, transportation facilities, medical facilities, enable quick response. cyclone shelters with their capacity, presence of NGOs and other volunteers etc so as to
Village profile This section may provide an overview of the village in terms of its Location, Area ,geography, and topography (temperatures, rainfall, geographical area, landholding pattern, cropping pattern, rivers, livelihood details, major drinking water sources, critical establishments etc), demography (literacy area, poverty, economy, percapita income, main occupation of the people), climate and weather, rivers, roads, hospitals, and other critical infrastructure such as industries.
Demographic Details: Name of Village Total Number of HH
Adul t M F
Child ren <5 yrs M F
House Details 4
Name of Village
No.of APL HH ST OBC GEN
No.of BPL HH ST OBC GEN
Literacy Rate in Percentage:
Category SC M F M ST F M OBC F M GEN F
Details of live stock: Category
Name of Village
B. Topographical Details: Climate and Rainfall: Month January February March April May June July August September October November December Geographical Area (in Hect): a) Paddy Agricultural Land (ha) Hig h Mediu m Low Average Rainfall (in mm) Actual Rainfall (in mm)
Grazin g land
Fores t land (ha)
Name of Mandal
Agricultural Land (ha) Medium
Land Holding Pattern: (No. of House Holds) Mandal Big Margina Farmer l s farmers Small farmers/sc ale of land Agricult ural laborers Landless Total
Crop Pattern: Type of Crops Area Cultivated (in Hect.) Area under Crop insurance (in Hect.)
Livelihood Details: Total Agric hous ultur e e hold s Agric ultura l labou r Othe Fishing r Sweet Saline Labo water ur Petty Busine ss Servic e holder Others (specify)w eavers etc
Drinking Water Sources: Tube well Function al Defunc t Well PHD Stand Tanks
River & Creeks: Sl.No Name of the river/creek Name of the Place Danger Level
List of Embankments: S.No Name of the Embankments Type of Embankments Length of Embankments
River Carrying Capacity: Name of the River Gauge Station Zero Level (in Mts.) Danger Level (in Mts.) Mandal s covere d Name of irrigatio n division
Availability of Irrigation Facility: Name of the Project Ayacut in Hect.
Irrigation Facilities and Sources: Pond s Dug Wells LI points Draft / Shallo w TW River Creeks canal
Telecom municati on (Y/N) No. of Boats No. of Bus
No. of Trekkers No. of Tractors
No. of Jeeps
Two Wheele rs
Power station and electric installation: S.No. Location Remarks
Thing to be identified during Hazard Analysis
History of Disaster and Probability of Disaster episodes in the Village: Type of Hazard Year of Occurrence Impact on Life:Deaths, Injuries Livelihood Live stock Housing/ building Telecommunication & Electricity
Seasonality of Hazard: Type of Jan-Mar Hazards H C A Cyclone Flood Drought Earthquake Sunstroke Fire Chemical Accidents Boat capsize Epidemic Accident
April-June I H C A I H
July- Sep C A I H
Oct-Dec C A I
Lightening Farmers suicide H: Human, C: Crop, A: Animals, I: Infrastructure. Note: Hazards experienced by the village only to be included.
Disaster Specific History of the Village (since 1995)
YEAR CYCLONE Families Affected Villages Affected Human Causalities Animal Lost No of House Damaged Value of property Lost(In Rs) FLOOD/ HEAVY RAIN Families Affected Villages Affected Human Causalities Animal Lost No of House Damaged Value of property Lost(In Rs) DROUGHT Persons Affected Villages Affected Human Causalities Animal Lost No of House Damaged Value of property Lost (In Rs) 1995 1996 1996-1997 1997 1998 1998 1999 1999 2000 2000 2001 2001 2002 2002 2003 2003 2004 2004 -2007
Value of Crop Loss(In Rs)
YEAR FIRE ACCIDENTS
Persons Affected Villages Affected Human Causalities Animal Lost No of House Damaged Value of property Lost(In Rs) SUNSTROKE Persons Affected Human Causalities LIGHTENING Persons Affected Human Causalities Animal Lost No of House Damaged Value of property Lost (In Rs)
Things to be identified in the village during Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment TYPE OF HAZARD POTENTIAL IMPACT Loss of crop, infrastructure, human and bovine life, livelihood system, houses, Pvt. Public property etc WHAT AND WHO ARE AT RISK 1Communication network. Road network of the affected block. Telephone connections. Private Infrastructures. Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses. Agriculture/Horticulture. Crop (estimated Area), Others. Irrigation Sources. Private LI- Points, Govt. LI-Points. Electrical Installations. Drinking Water sources. Tube-wells. Wells. PHD Stand Posts Educational Institutes. Primary Schools, M.E. Schools, High Schools. Colleges. Live stock. Cows, Buffalos, Goats/Sheep, Poultry Farms, 1 Vulnerable People. Handicapped, Fishermen, Old/Aged, Pregnant, Sick and ailing/diseased, Children below 5 years. Other vulnerable assets. Flood embankments, Canal embankments, Irrigation Projects, Small scale industries,/ orchards &forest .
VULNERABLE AREAS (village)
C Y C L O N E
F L O O D
Loss of crop, infrastructure, human and bovine life, livelihood system, houses, Pvt. Public property etc
Communication network. Road network & Telephone connections. Private Infrastructures. Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses. Agriculture. Crop (estimated Area), Others. Irrigation Sources. Private LI- Points, Govt. LIPoints. Electrical Installations. Drinking Water sources No of tube-wells, No of wells, PHD Stand Posts Educational Institutes. Primary Schools, M.E. Schools, High Schools, Colleges. Live stock. Cows, Buffalos, Goats/Sheep, Poultry Farms, 2 Vulnerable People. Handicapped, Fishermen, Old/Aged Sick and ailing/diseased, Pregnant, Children aged below 5 Other vulnerable assets. Flood embankments, Canal embankments, Irrigation Projects, Small-scale industries. 1 Loss of Human & Bovine life.
HEAT WA VE VILLAGE FIRE
Human and bovine life.
Loss of property
Loss of property & Life.
Loss of crop, livelihood
Crop Loss, Drinking water scarcity.
Things to be identified in the village during Vulnerability Analysis Vulnerability Analysis:
Total Population Persons Males Females
Physical, Economical, Social and Environmental Vulnerability
Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes Males Females Males Females
Specific Vulnerability of Systems and Services to Disaster Events Infrastructure vulnerability against Hazards - River Embankments in the village: Name of Embankme nt Village Reason of vulnerabilit y Contingenc y measures taken.
Responsib le Officer
Infrastructure Vulnerability against Hazards: Cyclone
Pop ulat ion Area name
Vulnerability against each hazard Flood Drought Industrial accidents,Fire ,Chemical
Pop ulat ion Area name Popul ation Area name Popula tion Area name
Accidents, Road,Rail,Boa t
Popula tion Area name
Road network Water ways Water supply Sewage
Hospital Food stocks & supplies Communication (System) Bridges Housing Transportation facilities
Alternate route structure (with map): Vulnerable Area Main route Alternate route
Things to be identified in the village during Vulnerability Analysis CAPACITY ANALYSIS:
Inventories and Evaluation of Resources Location of Mounds/Helipads Drinking Water Facilities Sl.No Open Wells & Tube wells(Working ) Open Wells & Tube wells(Defunct)
3.10.4 Sl.N o
PDS Dealers No of PDS Dealers Kerosene Dealers
Country Boats Contact person Contact Telephone No
Boat Position at village: Sl.No No of Fiber Boats Available
Permanent School Building-cum-Cyclone Shelters:
Name of Pry./M.E. Schools
Sl. No. G.P. Village Type of Building
High Schools Name of Mandal Name of High Schools Type of Building
DS-Double Storied, SS – Single Storied
3.10.7 list of shelter places located S.No Name of Shelter Place
3.10.8 Storage facilities with capacity: Sl.No. Type of storage structure Locatio n Capacity Contac t Person (Address and Phone No.) Remarks
3.14 List of NGOs involved in Disaster Management.
Earth moving and Road cleaning equipments:
Name of NGO Contact Address
Type of Equipment
Contact person and address
Traders: Contact person and address Telephone Office/Res. Remarks
Type of Traders House building materials Groceries Medicine shop Tents and Tarpaulins Hardware shops Rice mill Fuel wood Electrical Equipments Restaurants Farm inputs
3.17 Transportation (Road and water) Type of Vehicle Tractors Bus Truck / Mini truck Trekker Country boats Motor boats 3.18 lternative energy sources (Bio gas and Solar Energy Cells) Type of sources Bio Gas Generator Pump sets Solar Energy Cell 3.19Private Professionals: Expertise Doctor Health practitioner Ex-service man / Retd Police Officers Mechanical / civil Name Specialty Address Phone Nos. Service facilities available Contact person and Address Phone No. Remarks Contact person and address Government / private Telephone Office / Res. Remarks
engineer VAS Volunteers trained in Rescue operation / Expert swimmers Volunteers trained in operating special equipments / Electricians Volunteers trained in first aid Skilled Mechanics Driver (Road) Motor Boat Drivers
LINKING WITH THE DEVELOPMENTAL PLAN Linkages with the Developmental plan is established by sensitizing the planners about the vulnerability aspects of the location and necessary changes needed in building the capacity of the government and other structures and institutions in dealing with such disasters. This section may describe how the developmental plans are linked/sensitized about the disaster vulnerabilities of the village and how they are taken care of in terms of building capacities at various levels and various outlays provided for the same.
Conclusion: HRVC analysis is main part in formulating a
preparedness plan for disasters. It is to be done in our villages through Conducting village meetings, Group discussions, Social mapping, Resource Mapping.