Labor Welfare Labour welfare activities in an industrialized society has far reaching impact not only on the work
force but also all the facets of human resources. Labour welfare includes all such activities, which not only secures existential necessities but also ensures improvement in spiritual and emotional quotient. It comprises of short term and long terms goal toward building a humane society. Labour welfare activity in India was largely influenced by humanitarian principles and legislation. During early period of industrial development, efforts towards worker¶s welfare were made largely by social workers, and other religious leaders, mostly on humanitarian grounds. Before the introduction of welfare and other legislation in India, the conditions of the labour were miserable. Exploitation of child labour, long hours of work, bad sanitation and absence of safety measures were the regular features of factory life. The earliest legislative approach could be traced back to the passing of the Apprentice Act, 1850. The next Act was the Fatal Accidents Act, which aimed at providing compensation to the families of the workers who lost their life as a result of actionable wrong. Next was Merchants Shipping Act, 1859, which regulated the employment of seaman and provided for their health, accommodation and necessary articles of personal use. The movement to improve the working conditions of Indian labour started with the passing of the first Indian factories Act in 1881. The Act applied to factories employing not less than 100 persons and using power. Under this Act the employment of the children below the age of 7 years was prohibited while those between 7-12 years were not to work for more than 9 hours a day. An hour¶s daily rest and 4 holidays in a month were prescribed for children. The mulock commission was appointed by the Government of Bombay in 1884 to review the working of the Factories Act,1881. Mr.N.M Lokhande founder of the ³Bombay Mill Hands Association´ brought the workmen together on two different occasions in 1884 and presented on their behalf a charter of demands to the commission. Under pressure from labour the Bombay Millowners Association conceded the demand for a week holiday. The Factories Amendment Act,1891 was passed as a result of the recommendations of Bombay Factory Commissions of 1884 and the Factory labour commissions of 1890. It applied to all factories employing 50 persons or more. The lower and upper age limits were raised to 9 to 14 respectively and their hours were limited between 7 and 5:00 A.M. and 8:00 P.M. Employment of the women between 7:00 P.M and 5:00 A.M was prohibited. Women were allowed to work for 11hours in a day with One and half hours rest. Provisions relating to the better ventilation, cleanliness and for preventing overcrowding in factories were also made. The Government of India appointed a Commission in 1907 to study the working conditions of labour in industry and make recommendations of this commission.
Tata Tata Group. the Tata Council for Community Initiatives was created.A more comprehensive Act was introduced in 1911 on the basis of recommendations. L&T addresses the needs of communities residing in the vicinity of its facilities. Voluntary action in the field of labour welfare also made considerable progress. Some of the notable activities undertaken by Tata under this initiative include a successful literacy mission. Larsen and Toubro¶s initiatives include health. earthquake relief. In order to build on this heritage. The hours of work for children were reduced to 6 per day. The establishment of the International Labour organization in 1919 was another important landmark in the history of labour welfare movement in our country.
. administrator and promoter. The Indian factories act was applicable also to seasonal factories working for less than 4 months in a year. The I.L. and a project toward the empowerment of women. education. education. The National Commission on Labour (1966-69) also covered several aspects of welfare services in different establishments and made useful suggestions for their improvement. As a result of all these developments the importance of labour in economic and social reconstruction of the world was recognized. HIV=AIDS services programs. The company proactively provides assistance in situations such as natural calamities. They have been corporate visionaries in the area of labour and community welfare. another major Indian conglomerate. is known as one of the pioneers in labour welfare initiatives. In the field of labour welfare government is now playing a triple role ±that of a legislator. Many social enterprises are undertaken in partnership with government agencies and non-government organisations (NGOs). environmental conservation. also is known as a Global Leader in Corporate Social Responsibility. a youth citizen promotion program. and assists victims of nature¶s fury or social neglect. Larsen and Toubro Larsen and Toubro (L&T). taking initiatives in the areas of health. Certain provisions were also made for the health and safety of the industrial workers. All these factors created background of new Factory act and Government of India passed the Indian Factories (Amendment) Act in 1922. Commitment to the welfare of the community has long been central to the value system of companies in the Tata Group.O declared that universal peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice. progress and success lies beyond the balance sheet. one of India¶s largest business conglomerates. They believe that the true and full measure of growth. and infrastructure and community development. relief and environmental conservation activities. Through its social investments. The hours of work of an adult male worker were specified for the first time to 12 hours a day.
education and social rehabilitation. A unique feature of the ILO is its tripartite character. relating to freedom of association and protection of the right to organize. Satyam (also IT). All three groups are represented in virtually all the deliberative units of the ILO and share responsibility in conducting its work. which ensures the growth of tripartite systems in the member countries. Infosys is known for its work in the area of health. and these have been incorporated in the amendments to the Factories Act. At every level in the organisation. Of the total number of conventions that have been adopted by the ILO.There are companies which undertake labor welfare activities through NGOs. and Dr. governments are associated with the two other social partners. At present. two conventions of the ILO need to be specifically mentioned: Convention 87. the prominent ones being Infosys (information technology). India and the ILO India is a founding member of the International Labour Organization. the ILO has 181 member nations. The impact of the ILO on Indian labour is evident in the standards set by the ILO convention which have influenced labour legislation in India. Satyam demonstrates a strong commitment to the urban underprivileged. As for trade unions and industrial relations. now a specialised agency of the United Nations and founded in 1919. India so far has ratified only 29 conventions pertaining to improvements in working conditions. which ensures the right of collective bargaining.
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. and Dr. namely the workers and employers. Reddy¶s Laboratories (India¶s largest pharmaceutical company). Reddy¶s creates public±private partnerships for sustainable social development. and Convention 89.