NUR/518 Read Me First

Week Two
INTRODUCTION This week we will be discussing how to analyze quantitative research reports. When we think about quantitative research, we should think about numbers. With quantitative research the data we end up with is numbers. When we think of research utilization and evidence-based practice, we generally think of quantitative research projects. As we judge the impact research evidence has, we think of randomized clinical trials. Think about what you hear on the news about women and hormones. Or the drug studies we see on the television, these are all quantitative research studies. As we turn to nursing, we might read about the effectiveness of a teaching intervention on breast feeding. Another type of quantitative research is survey research. As we think about issues like how satisfied nurses are in the workplace or patient satisfaction scores we use in our facilities. These are examples of survey research. Both survey research and clinical trials are examples of quantitative research. Learning about quantitative research requires us to take a journey into areas such as experimental and non-experimental research, random and non-random sampling strategies, data collection techniques, and finally statistics to analyze the data. While this information is complex, it is understandable! This week we will learn about research terms so we can dissect research reports. How many times do you gloss over those research reports because they are just too difficult to understand? After we are through this week, you will be able to understand much of what you are reading in those studies so you can proudly go to work and share the latest and greatest research findings. THIS WEEK IN RELATION TO THE COURSE AND PROGRAM This week we are studying quantitative research. We are delving into all of the pieces and parts of this type of research. In addition we will be taking what we are learning about research and applying the information as we read and review research studies. As you move forward in the program, you will be involved in a practicum where you may use many of the techniques that you have learned this week in this course. Next week, we are going to discuss qualitative research. This will be followed by ensuring we understand ethics in research and that we understand how to implement research findings into practice. HINTS FOR READING THE ASSIGNED MATERIALS This week’s reading is a bit more complex. In addition, there is a lot of reading! There are likely many words that you will not be familiar yet it is essential that you understand all of these terms. As you do your reading, I suggest you make a list of terms with which you are not familiar and write out some definitions you can use as you complete your reading. I also recommend you read each chapter in its entirety at one sitting if you can. For example getting the entire picture of all of the sampling techniques will allow you to build your learning and do some comparisons.


quantitative methodologies are used frequently in areas such as patient or staff satisfaction. In addition. Harbaugh. (2005). This might be a survey. take the part of the study that uses quantitative techniques and apply what you have learned to those sections. 2005) As you read. L. a biomedical machine. just keep asking those questions about rigor in the study.nursingcenter. the technique of interviews. Ensure that researchers have addressed reliability and validity in the data collection process. For just skip that section. As you review studies. How do we identify a study as quantitative? Many studies are not purely quantitative. Important to quantitative research is reliability and validity of any tools used in the data collection strategies. & Collum. L. Then as you look at the study in general. & Collum. 30(6). In this case. or a rating scale. think about issues that might affect the validity of the study in general. REFERENCES Daggett. When you think of interviews this is generally considered to be a qualitative technique…. we have to deal with statistics which can be scary for some. Harbaugh.. How much time did it take to collect the data? Did anything happen during that time that might have affected the data? What about the people who participated in the research? Are they similar to the people you want to apply the findings to? How generalizable are those findings? (Daggett. is included. SUMMARY Quantitative research studies form the backbone of research that we can readily use in practice.. B. Mark that section to review next week when we are talking about qualitative research. QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER When we think about quantitative research there are some points to ponder as you read. when we seek to understand quantitative research. A. Retrieved March 31.M. A worksheet for critiquing quantitative nursing research. look at the tools used to collect data.asp?pageid=637834 2 . 2006 from http://www. Finally.In many of the chapters techniques for both quantitative and qualitative studies are included in the chapter. Please don’t let the statistics intimidate you…we will review some basics so you can understand the research studies you are reading. Nurse Educator. in the chapter for measurement strategies. the study may use a mixed

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