You are on page 1of 60

LSU Post-Katrina Research

on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience


(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience

Data Basis:

ca. 6,500 interviews in main Household Survey


ca. 10,000 total interviews, all surveys
ca. 100 interviews with Neighborhood Association Leaders
Ethnographic research with over 200 groups
50 Filmed interviews with ca. forty more planned
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience

Maps of Flooding & Damage


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Mapped from U.S. Geological Survey Data
Mapped from City of New Orleans Data
Source: LSU Disaster Recovery Survey
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Data Collection Challenges


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
We have Partnered with lots of Organizations
in Conducting Surveys (some listed)
7th Ward Neighborhood Center DeSaix Area Neighborhood Association LouisianaRebuilds.info RALLY Foundation
Lower 9th Ward NBH Empowerment
Acorn, Baton Rouge Desire Area Residents Council Network Assn Rand
Acorn, New Orleans Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana Lutheran Disaster Response Red Cross, New Orleans
Mary Queen of Vietnam Catholic Church &
American Red Cross Faith Temple Church of God The Holy Ghost CDC Red Cross, St. Bernard Parish
Backbeat Foundation, Inc Family Road of GBR Mater Dolorosa Church Renaissance Village Council
Bard College FEMA McKendall Estates Homeowners Assoc. Roots of Music
Bayou Interfaith Shared Community Miracle Faith Healing and Deliverance
Organizing First Baptist Church of Houma Temple Save the Children USA
Beacon of Hope Resource Center Freret Neighborhood Center Mount Nebo Bible Baptist Church Second Gretaer Mount Sinai MBC
Broadmoor Development Corporation Gentilly Civic Improvement Association Mt. Ararat Missionary Baptist Church Shir Chadash Synagogue
Broadmoor Improvement Association Gert Town Enterprise Econ Redevelopment Neighborhoods Partnership Network Spring Lake Neighborhood Association
Campus-Community Partnerships, Tulane Gert Town Revival Intiative Neighbors United Association St. Dominic Catholic Church
Capital Area Human Services District GNOCDC - GNO Community Data Center New Orleans Bible Fellowship B.C. St. Gabriel the Archangel in New Orleans
N.O. Social Aid and Pleasure Club Task
Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans GNO Fair Housing Action Center Housing Force St. Louis King of France Catholic Church
Catholic Charities Hands On Baton Rouge New Orleans Times-Picayune St. Maria Goretti Catholic Church
Catholic Communtiy Services Hands On New Orleans New Orleans United Way St. Paul AME Church
Central Carrollton Association Harmony Outreach Services NOLA YURP Initiative St. Peter Claver Catholic Church
Central City Partnership Hollygrove Neighbors NOLACPP, Citizen Participation Project Sugar Hill FEMA Trailer Park
Central City Renaissance Alliance Holy Cross Neighborhood Association Nonprofit Central Sweet Home New Orleans
Chabad Lubavitch of Louisiana - Metairie Institute of Southern Jewish Life Northshore Jewish Congregation Temple Sinai
Chabad Lubavitch of Louisiana - Uptown Jeremiah Group Operation Brother's Keeper [Red Cross] Touro Synagogue
Christian Unity Baptist Church Jericho Road Operation Nehemiah Terrebonne Readiness Assistance Coalition
Churches Supporting Churches Jewish Family Service Our Lady of Prompt Succor Church Trinity Christian Community
City-Works Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans Oxfam America United Jewish Communities
Claiborne-University Neighborhood Assn Jewish Women's Archive Plymouth Rock Baptist Church United Methodist Hope Ministries
PNOLA: The Phoenix of N.O. United Way for the Greater New Orleans
Community Center of St. Bernard Katrina Aid Today (Tulane/Gravier) Area
Concordia LLC Kids with Cameras Policy Link Urban Conservancy + Stay Local!
Congregation Anshe Sphard Lakeview Civic Improvement Association Pontilly Neighborhood Association Ursuline Academy
Congregation Beth Israel Louisiana Association of Nonprofit Orgs PRC Compassion WWOZ
Congregation Gates of Prayer Louisiana Delta Service Corps [Americorps] Providence Community Housing Hurricane Response, Renaissance Village
Young Men Olympians Social Aid & Pleasure
Corinthian Missionary Baptist Church Louisiana Family Recovery Corps Puentes Club
Images of Data Collection:
Pontchartrain Park & Gentilly Woods (Pontilly),
January 2008

We worked with the Pontilly Neighborhood Association, who brought in 40 law


student volunteers from around the country. We went door-to-door with them,
doing the survey, and shared the results with the community.
Images of Data Collection:
Interviewing Door-to-Door
in Tremé and the Seventh Ward, Summer 2009
Images of Data Collection:
Young Men Olympians Social Aid & Pleasure Club
(Central City), January 2009

We worked with the Young Men Olympians, the oldest Social Aid & Pleasure
Club, celebrating its 125th anniversary, and student volunteers from New Orleans
colleges. We shared a meal & danced to the Free Agents Brass Band.
Images of Data Collection:
Interviewing with the Vietnamese-language
Questionnaire at a Respondent’s Home
in Village De l’Est, Summer 2009
Images of Data Collection:
Renaissance Village, FEMA Trailer Park, July 2007

We worked with the resident leaders of Renaissance Village, served a


Jambalaya dinner, brought in a New Orleans brass band … and
conducted the survey with the help of 30 resident volunteers.
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Hypotheses About Recovery:


Individual and Collective Resources
Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Hypotheses: Individual & Collective Resources
and Recovery

Individual-Level Resources
Yes No
High to Medium level of
High level of Recovery.
Recovery.

Yes
e.g. Vietnamese community;
e.g. Jewish community
SAPC members

Collective
Resources High to Medium level of
Low level of Recovery.
Recovery.
(Social Capital)

No (Rare: High Individual-Level


Resources usually permit
formation of Collective e.g. Renaissance Village
Resources, as needed)
Hypotheses: Storm Damage, Resources, and Recovery:
Individual & Collective Paths to Hurricane Recovery
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Individual-Level Data Analyses


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Individual Level Regressions:
Social Capital, Higher Social Status, Low Damage, & Resources Promote
Recovery and reduce Negative Outcomes.
Stay or
Return Personal Depressed, Social Social State of Spiritual Punitive
to N.O. Recovery Stress Anxious Hopeful Solidarity Conflict Health Theology Theology

Demographic
Age .08** -.01 .01 .03* -.02 .05** -.08** -.13** -.01 -.05**
Female .04** -.01 .14** .11** .03+ .02 -.03* -.01 .07** -.02
Education .01 .00 -.02 .09** .03 -.01 -.05** .16** -.09** -.13**
Estimated Income -.01 .11** -.08** -.04+ -.04* -.06** -.03 .14** -.03+ .01
Unemployed -.07** -.11** .08** .06** -.04* -.03* .03* -.05* .00 .03
Married w Children .00 .01 .01 .01 .00 .04* -.02 .01 .01 -.01
Black .09** -.07** -.14** -.19** .03+ .04** -.05** -.07** .21** -.03
Time since Katrina .07** .07** -.02 -.03 -.02 .03+ .07** -.01 .01 -.03+

Damage & Resources


Damage to Residence -.13** -.33** .12** .11** .00 -.01 .00 -.04+ .01 .05**
Damage to Business -.08** -.07** .02 .03+ .00 .00 -.02 -.05* -.01 .06**
Have Resources for Repair .08** .23** -.13** -.09** .08** .04* -.03* .12** -.01 -.04**

Social Capital
Associational Involvement .05+ .02 -.08** -.04+ .02 .07** .03 .03 .10** .00
Civic Leadership .02 -.01 .10** .08** .04 .06** .11** .00 -.02 .09**
Informal Socializing -.03 .03+ -.02 -.02 .01 .09** .01 .17** .03+ -.04*
Social Trust .11** .04** -.14** -.13** .14** .19** -.08** .03 .03+ -.12**

Faith-Based Social Capital


Church service attendance -.05** -.03+ -.06** -.11** -.04* .00 -.02 -.01 .24** -.10**
Spiritual Theology .07** -.01 .09** .08** .20** .37** .08** .02 - -
Punitive Theology -.05** -.04** .24** .15** -.07** -.03+ .27** -.06** - -

Adj R-Sq .08 .30 .20 .13 .08 .24 .14 .20 .16 .06
Individual Level: Social Capital Reduces Stress:
Church Attendance is most effective

Angry Trouble concentrating


80% 50%

40%

60%
30%

20%
40%

10%

20% 0%
No flood damage Up to 8 feet Over 8 feet No flood damage Up to 8 feet Over 8 feet

Attend Church Every Week Less Attend Church Every Week Less
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
In Partnership with New Orleans Community Leaders
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)
Total Number of interviews = ca. 6,500

Comparison of Selected Groups


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Civic Engagement in
Selected Social Groups
Civic Engagement in Selected Social Groups
(Showing percentage points above or below New Orleans average)
20%

15%

10%

5%

0%

-5%

-10%
FEMA Vietnamese Black Church White High Income High Jewish SAPC
Trailers Member Education Member
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Aggregate Data Analyses


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
With a large enough N (ca. 6,500), we can aggregate (average)
data to geographical districts and conduct aggregate analyses.
We use the finest (smallest) district size we can, consistent with reliable averages per district.
Repopulation Data (from Postal deliveries)
Can be analyzed with our aggregated survey data.

Source: Valassis & Greater New


Orleans Community Data Center
Blight Data (from the City of New Orleans)
Can be analyzed in the same way.
For instance, Church Membership
Is associated with Reduced Violent Crime

Survey Data (N = 2,648) & Police Reports, Aggregated to Neighborhood Level (N = 62)
Aggregate Level:
Social Capital and Higher Social Status promote
Repopulation and reduce Negative Outcomes.

Correlations Correlations
Repopulation Damage Blight Crime

Associational Involvement Associational Involvement


Civic Leadership Civic Leadership
Perform Service Perform Service
Attended a club meeting Attended a club meeting
Social Trust Social Trust

Education Education
Income Income

Disadvantage Index Disadvantage Index


Pct Black Pct Black
-.40 -.20 .00 .20 .40 -.60 -.40 -.20 .00 .20 .40 .60
Aggregate Level:
Faith-Based Social Capital is associated with Negative Outcomes
(under-population, damage, blight), but reduces Crime.

Correlations
Member of Church Faith-Based Engagement

Repopulation

Damage

Blight

Crime

-.40 -.30 -.20 -.10 .00 .10 .20 .30 .40


Aggregate Level:
Church Membership’s Effect on Reducing Violent Crime:
1. Bivariate Correlations
Factors Influencing Violent Crime in New Orleans, 2007-2008
Survey Data (N = 2,677) & Police Reports, Aggregated to (consolidated) Neighborhood Level (N = 62)

Combined Rate Murder Rate Assault Rate


(Survey N=2,677) (Survey N=2,677) (Survey N=2,677)
All White Black All White Black All White Black

Networks
Associational Involvement -.430** -.245 -.346* -.291* .119 -.210 -.434** -.285 -.346*
Civic Leadership -.389** -.262 -.291 -.185 .024 -.036 -.414** -.287 -.331
Informal Socializing -.146 -.259 .124 .032 -.088 .336 -.182 -.265 .048

Trust
Social Trust -.645** -.535** -.491** -.514** -.331 -.351* -.630** -.522** -.475**
Inter-Racial Trust -.272* -.010 -.110 -.347** -.122 -.271 -.231 .010 -.051

Faith-Based
Are/Were Member of Church -.337** -.456* -.593** -.213 -.137 -.433* -.344** -.470* -.571**
Faith-Based Engagement -.184 -.240 -.606** .016 .113 -.271 -.224 -.279 -.634**

Status
Education -.657** -.363 -.439** -.619** -.370 -.456** -.616** -.330 -.383*
Income -.590** -.465* -.403* -.555** -.246 -.501** -.554** -.461* -.327
Unemployed Now .507** .213 .414* .457** .323 .342* .481** .176 .387*
Disadvantage Index .794** .658** .730** .667** .686** .551** .766** .595** .698**

Family
Married with Children -.552** -.507** -.563** -.434** -.074 -.493** -.542** -.537** -.518**
Percent Age 15-24 .292* .060 .264 .259* .144 .195 .279* .040 .254
Aggregate Level:
Church Membership’s Effect on Reducing Violent Crime:
2. Standard Multivariate Regressions
Factors Influencing Violent Crime in New Orleans, 2007-2008
Survey Data (N = 2,677), Census 2000 Data, and Police Reports
Aggregated to Consolidated Neighborhood (N = 62) or Tract (N = 120) Level

Violent Crime Murder Rate


NBH Level Tract Level

(Model number) 2 15 6 10
Disadvantage Index .694** .771** .561** .521**
Pct Black -.015 .417* .242+
Associational Involvement .002 .132
Civic Leadership -.137
Social Trust -.067 .163
Attended a club meeting -.361** -.271**
Church Member .021 .014 -.150+ .094
Married with Children -.070
Age 15-24 -.019
Church Member x Race Interaction -.415* -.377*

Adjusted R-Sq .613 .649 .410 .415


Aggregate Level:
Church Membership’s Effect on Reducing Violent Crime:
3. Spatial Regressions
Factors Influencing Violent Crime in New Orleans, 2007-2008
Survey Data (N = 2,677), Census 2000 Data, and Police Reports
Aggregated to Consolidated Neighborhood (N = 62) or Tract (N = 120) Level

Best Regression Models, Testing for Spatial Auto-correlation: t-Statistics or z-values

Violent Crime Murder Rate


NBH Level Tract Level

Combined Rate Murder Rate

1 2 1 2
Constant 3.627** 2.480* 4.966** 2.674**

Spatial Lag - 1.726+ - 7.374**


Disadvantage Index 6.790** 7.018** 5.111** 3.856**
Percent Black 2.575* 2.892** 1.697+ 1.549
Attended a Club Meeting -3.069** -2.600**
Church Member .178 .569 .264 1.077
Church Member x Race Interaction -2.266* -2.641** -2.595* -1.881+

Adj or Pseudo R-Sq .651 .683 .422 .564


LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Partnerships: “Social Action” Research


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
The Neighborhoods Partnership Network (NPN)
A nonprofit, citywide network of neighborhoods.
We are collaborating on an organizational survey with NPN,
and creating a multi-level data set.
The Neighborhoods Partnership Network (NPN):
Data Collection as of June, 2010
Analyses for “Sweet Home New Orleans:”
Where did Musicians from Flooded Areas Move?
Analyses for “Sweet Home New Orleans:”
Musicians have a harder time Earning a Living
The “Roots of Music”
After-school music program for middle school kids.
Social Action Research: Building social capital for the kids and their families,
while conducting our survey of their parents.

Organizing meeting at Café du Monde Mardi Gras, February, 2010.


during JazzFest, 2008. Derrick Tabb, at right, Program We marched in 5 top parades & the Saints
Director & snare drummer for the Rebirth Brass Band. victory parade, and played at Jazzfest.
Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans:
Where did people from Flooded Areas Move?
Vietnamese and Jewish Community Leaders
Comparing Notes on Recovery Strategies.
Item: It’s not all “Culture.” Lots of it is Strategy and Planning that others can adapt.
NOLA YURP (Young Urban Rebuilding Professionals) “Brain Gain:”
Where are they from?
New Young Leader survey recently (2010) completed with “504ward”

N=426. Data collected summer, 2008.


Collaboration with LouisianaRebuilds.Info:
Surveys of Contractor Fraud throughout southern Louisiana
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Adding a Documentary Film to the Study


Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Some of the people and groups
We have filmed and plan to film
7th Ward Improvement Association Membership and/or Committee Mtgs, Jewish Federation
Abram Himelstein, Rachel Breunlin, Neighborhood Story Greg Phares, former EBR Sheriff of GNO
Project, the Porch Harrison Ave Marketplace, Lakeview Membership Mtg, Lakeview Community Improvement
Allison Plyer, GNOCDC - Greater New Orleans Hubert Dixon (others), The Porch Association
Community Data Center Iray Nabatoff, Community Center of St. Bernard Nonprofit Central in NOLA
Arlene Barron, Leslie Fishman, Jewish Community Center Jennifer Weishaupt, Jennifer Farwell, Mid-City Purim, Uptown Jewish Community Center
Audrey Browder, Central City Partnership & Pontilly Neighborhood Organization (MCNO) Ray Nichols, Gonzo Civic Volunteer
Disaster Recovery Center Jessica White, Barbara Johnson, 504ward Rev. Danny C. Digal, Our Lady of Prompt Succor Church
Bobby Garon, Alan Bissinger, Michael Wasserman, & Joe Sherman, Carol Dotson, Hollygrove Rita LeGrand, Lakeview Blight inspections &
Julie Wise Oreck, Jewish Federation of GNO enforcement
John Koeferl, Holy Cross NA
Capacity College, NPN Ronald Baptiste, McKendall Estates Homeowners Assn
Jordan Hirsch, Sweet Home New Orleans
Capacity College, NPN Saundra Reed, Keisha Brown Robinson, Central City
Katherine Prevost, Bunny Friends NA
Capacity College, NPN Renaissance Alliance
Kevin Brown, Evelyn Turner, Trinity Christian Community
Chalmette Tomato Festival, OLPS - Hollygrove Seabrook Neighborhood Association
Cheryl Diggins, Melia LANO Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs, Second Line Parade
City Council Mtg, Master Plan, Dist B (Sundays)
LaToya Cantrell, Hal Roark, Broadmoor Improvement
Clients, Sweet Home New Orleans Association Steven Bingler, Concordia - Nexus tour of French Quarter
Dena Gerber, Jewish Family Service LimmudFest - Main day, Jewish Community Steven Bingler, Concordia - sit-down interview
Denise Thornton, Tina Marquardt, Connie Uddo, Milissa Lisa Smith, Unmet Needs Committee, Red Cross Tamara Jackson, SAPC Task Force Peace March
Orzolek, Beacons of Hope/St. Paul's Homecoming LJ Goldstein, Renee Heinlein, David Freedman, Jewish Tamara Jackson, Social Aid & Pleasure Club Task Force
Center Community Tet Vietnamese New Year celebration, Mary Queen of
Derrick Tabb, Roots of Music, various LJ Goldstein, Renee Heinlein: Seder planning, Krewe du Vietnam Catholic Church
Derrick Tabb, Roots of Music: NOMTOC Parade Jieux Timolynn Sams, Neighborhood Partnership Network
Derrick Tabb, Roots, Parading in Neighborhoods to Loren Pickford, Musician, Sweet Home Client Tony Fernandez, St Bernard Deputy Sheriff & Parish
Recruit & show need Mardi Gras Indians, I, Dryades & 2nd, Central City, MG President OLPS
Diem Nguyen, Mary Tran, Mary Queen of Vietnam CDC Day Victor Gordon, Clara Carey, King Wells Sr., Pontilly
Erich Sternberg & Richard Lipsey, Jewish Federation of Mardi Gras Indians, II, St Joseph's Day Association
Greater BR Mardi Gras Indians, III, Background w Harrison family YMO, 9Times, Prince of Wales, Social Aid & Pleasure
Erin Patton, family were caterers in Chalmette Clubs
Mary LeBlanc, Arcenia Crayton, & Wilbert Ross,
Fr. Vien, Mary Queen of Vietnam Catholic Church Renaissance Village Youth Think Tank, Work with Audrey at Central City
Gert Town Partnership
Mary W Rowe, New Orleans Institute, City-Works
Gill Benedek, Moishe House Zack Rosenburg, St. Bernard Project
Meg Lousteau, VCPORA (French Quarter)
Gill Benedek, Neighborhood Partnership Network Membership and/or Committee Mtgs, Broadmoor
Glenn Stoudt, Al Petrie, Lakeview Community Improvement Association
A few of the community leaders we have filmed
Al Petrie, Lakeview Katherine Prevost, Upper 9th Ward

Denise Thornton, Beacon of Hope Allan Bissinger, Jewish Federation

Audrey Browder, Central City


Sue Press, Ole & New
Style Fellas SAPC, Treme
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Community Strategies and Resources


for Recovery
Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 1
• Increasing organizational capacity and
autonomy.
– Use of Committees, Block Captains, etc.
– Doing own Data Collection.
– New technologies, like Mapping, Data Bases.
– Use of Volunteers.
– Taking the initiative and not waiting for outside
help.
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 2
• Greater strategic sophistication.
– Creating “Critical Masses” or “Tipping Points”
– Branding
– Community planning
• E.g., Broadmoor, Vietnamese, Jews
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 3
• Increasing citizen participation.
– People who had never participated before
• A new
Relations among Neighborhood Associations
Cooperative (N = 56)
Orientation 100%
among 80%
community 60%
leaders 40%

– 91% of 20%
Neighborhood 0%
leaders affirmed There are other See your relationships Your organization
that relations neighborhood with other compares activities and
with other organizations whose neighborhood groups as strategies with
roles overlap with your cooperative, rather than organizations in other
leaders are organization competitive neighborhoods, in order
cooperative to learn from each
others’ experiences
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 4
• Emergence of new Umbrella Groups from
outside the organizational eco-system they
work with
– Convening Groups.
– Find areas of
common concern on
which they can work
together.
– Find synergies on
issues that would
otherwise produce
competition/conflict.
– Learn from each
other. Barbara Lacen Keller teaching NPN’s Capacity College
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 5
• New recovery resources from “Outside-inside”
the community
– Extra-Regional, National, & International
assistance from within the communities
– Vietnamese Community
• Houston & West Bank Neighbors
– Jewish Community
• National & Baton Rouge organizations
– Cultural Community
• Assistance to Musicians from Musicians
Community Strategies and Resources
for Recovery 6
• New forms of Philanthropy
– Traditional:
• Paternalism & Deference
– Modern/Managerial:
• Expertise & Efficiency
– New:
• Treats recipients as partners, equals
• Aims to build autonomy & self-sufficiency
Cautions and Implications for
Future Policy and Actions 1
• Lower and middle- status citizens must be
able to overcome elite resistance to their
participation.
– Social Aid & Pleasure Clubs as Community Leaders

Prince of Wales
Social Aid &
Pleasure Club
Cautions and Implications for
Future Policy and Actions 2
• Citizens must overcome government
resistance to their participation, as well as
avoid being “captured” by government.
– New “hardball” tactics:
• Broadmoor’s Plan
• Vietnamese Landfill issue
– Sharing new techniques:
• “Capacity College”
– Avoiding Government “Capture:”
• Autonomy of Neighborhood Associations
Cautions and Implications for
Future Policy and Actions 3
• Communities must find ways to sustain
participation beyond the euphoric period of
recovery, into the more mundane tasks of
further improvement that are often more
technical rather than popular in nature.
– Issue of Expertise & Leadership
LSU Post-Katrina Surveys
in Baton Rouge:
Impact on the Community;
Helping cope with the Disaster
(supported by NSF)

Total Interviews = 2,960 in 3 waves:

•September 27 to November 29, 2005 (N=1,349)


•February to April, 2006 (N=1,008)
•March to April, 2007 (N=603)
Half the households in Baton Rouge housed Evacuees
… almost entirely relatives and friends.

Evacuees Staying in Your Residence Whom Did People House?*


Staying Now Stayed Earlier No One Total Staying Relatives Friends Others

100% 60%

50%

75% 40%

30%
50%
20%

10%
25%
0%
Total Staying Friends & Others
0% Relatives
Oct-2005 Feb-2006 Jun-2006 Oct-2006 Feb-2007 *Multiple mentions possible

Factoid: Southern Louisiana has some of the densest social networks in America.
Question:
•Where would disaster evacuees have gone if this had happened some other place?
•Hint: The Authorities would have to figure that out…
Two thirds of people in Baton Rouge did
volunteer relief work – most more than once.
Most of them volunteered with Religious Organizations.

Did Volunteer work to Help Evacuees -


Did Volunteer work to Help Evacuees with Religious Organization

No answer
More than
2%
Once with
No
Church None
34% 24% 37%

More than
Once Once with
54% Church
7%

Once
12% Worked, but
not w Church
30%
Social Capital and Stress
People with the best social networks were initially most
stressed because they were most involved in relief work.
They also recovered the fastest.

Afraid to Walk Alone at Night Feel Depressed, Angry


Legend
0.4 0.4
Associational
0.3 0.3 Involvement
Civic
0.2
0.2 Leadership

0.1 Faith-Based
0.1 Engagement
0 Informal
Socializing
0
-0.1 Social Trust

-0.2 -0.1
Inter-Racial
Trust
-0.3 -0.2
Aug-00 Dec-01 May-03 Sep-04 Feb-06 Jun-07 Jul-05 May-06 Mar-07
LSU Post-Katrina Research
on Disaster Recovery & Community Resilience
(Supported by the National Science Foundation)

Rick Weil
Department of Sociology, LSU

fweil@lsu.edu
www.fweil.com