The Octopus The word octopus means "eight feet.

" Octopuses are solitary, eight-armed animals that live on the ocean floor. There are over 100 different species of octopuses. The Giant Octopus is the biggest octopus. This huge mollusk is up to 23 ft (7 m) from arm tip to arm tip, weighing up to 400 pounds (182 kg). The smallest is the Californian octopus, which is only 3/8 inch (1 cm) long. An octopus has a soft body and eight arms. Each arm has two rows of suction cups. If it loses an arm, it will eventually regrow another arm. It has blue blood. An octopus has an eye on each side of its head and has very good eyesight. An octopus cannot hear. Octopuses eat small crabs and scallops, plus some snails, fish, turtles, crustaceans (like shrimp), and other octopuses. They catch prey with their arms, then kill it by biting it with their tough beak, paralyzing the prey with a nerve poison, and softening the flesh. They then suck out the flesh. Octopuses hunt mostly at night. Only the Australian Blue-ringed octopus has a poison strong enough to kill a person. Octopuses live in dens, spaces under rocks, crevices on the sea floor, or holes they dig under large rocks. Octopuses pile rocks to block the front of their den. The den protects them from predators (like moray eels) and provides a place to lay eggs and care for them (a mother octopus doesn't eat during the entire 1 to 2 months she is caring for her eggs). In order to escape predators, octopuses can squirt black ink into the water, allowing the octopus to escape. Another defense that octopuses have

which is only 3/8 inch (1 cm) long." Octopuses are solitary. Each arm has two rows of suction cups. a type of jet propulsion. then kill it by biting it with their tough beak. The smallest is the Californian octopus. eight-armed animals that live on the ocean floor. If it loses an arm. plus some snails. and other octopuses. An octopus cannot hear. camouflaging themselves. The Giant Octopus is the biggest octopus. This huge mollusk is up to 23 ft (7 m) from arm tip to arm tip. weighing up to 400 pounds (182 kg). .is changing their skin color to blend into the background. There are over 100 different species of octopuses. it will eventually regrow another arm. They catch prey with their arms. Octopuses eat small crabs and scallops. fish. and softening the flesh. An octopus has a soft body and eight arms. paralyzing the prey with a nerve poison. crustaceans (like shrimp). It has blue blood. Have you ever seen an octopus? The word octopus means "eight feet. An octopus has an eye on each side of its head and has very good eyesight. The octopus swims by spewing water from its body. turtles.

Only the Australian Blue-ringed octopus has a poison strong enough to kill a person. or holes they dig under large rocks. crevices on the sea floor. octopuses can squirt black ink into the water. . The octopus swims by spewing water from its body. Octopuses live in dens. spaces under rocks. In order to escape predators. camouflaging themselves. Their bodies are flexible enough to fit inside a soda bottle! Octopuses pile rocks to block the front of their den. allowing the octopus to escape. Another defense that octopuses have is changing their skin color to blend into the background. a type of jet propulsion. The den protects them from predators (like moray eels) and provides a place to lay eggs and care for them (a mother octopus doesn't eat during the entire 1 to 2 months she is caring for her eggs). If you are lucky. Octopuses hunt mostly at night. perhaps you will see an octopus swimming in the ocean someday.They then suck out the flesh.

One of the most interesting things about octopuses is the way in which they defend themselves against predators. Jet propulsion is the fastest of the three and allows them to travel over long distances. the ink interferes with the predator’s ability to smell. Along the arms there are suckers which are used to grab as well as taste and feel. meaning “eight-footed. Octopuses. Such enemies include sharks. Their blood is a light blue color.An octopus has three hearts and is the most intelligent of invertebrates. like chameleons. The largest species of octopus is the Giant Pacific Octopus. Octopuses have eight arms. They only live in salt water. dolphins and eels.This dark ink makes an attacker unable to see the octopus. allowing the octopus time to get away from the threat. which is only 3/8 inch (1 cm) long.The name “octopus” comes from the Ancient Greek word okto-podes. which can further throw off . The smallest is the Californian octopus. Octopuses who live in warm water are usually smaller than the species who live in cold water.” Octopuses are found in every ocean in the world and there are about three hundred known species. They are attached to its head near the mouth. are able to change their color and even their skin texture to blend into their surroundings so their enemies can’t see them. Octopuses can further obscure themselves by squirting ink at an attacker. crawling or jet propulsion. The largest one ever caught weighed approximately what a brown bear weighs. They get around by swimming. They also have outstanding eyesight but are deaf. Further.

with no lasting ill effects. crustaceans (like shrimp). Octopuses eat shellfish. They have even been known to climb on board of fishing vessels and open holds to feed on . Octopuses are also known to eat fish. Before going after its prey. paralyzing the prey with a nerve poison. Then they suck out the flesh. an octopus may spray its ink to disorient them. as well as mollusks and hunt mostly at night. an octopus can detach itself from its arm and get away. who rely on their sense of smell to hunt. that their enemies can’t fit into. This is a great means of escape for them. its venom can kill humans. and softening the flesh. They are also one of the most poisonous animals on earth! Though the blue-ringed octopus is merely the size of a golf ball. Their final defense mechanism is that if a predator grabs one of its arms. like sharks. The blue-ringed octopus is one of the most popular species in home aquariums because of their beauty and small size. such as between rocks. they are able to squeeze their bodies through tiny openings. such as crabs. Octopuses are flexible enough to fit inside a soda bottle! Because they have no bones. turtles. and other octopuses.The octopus will later regrow the limb. Octopuses have great problem-solving skills and can often figure out how to escape even the most secure fish tanks. then kill it by biting it with their tough beak. They catch prey with their arms.predators.

. perhaps you will see an octopus swimming in the ocean someday. When a female octopus lays eggs. it takes about a month for the eggs to mature and hatch. Because of the limited time spent with their parents. it’s common for the female to become extremely weak and die of starvation around the time that her young are hatching.crabs. Because she does not hunt or eat for 1-2 months. young octopus learn next to nothing from their parents. The female guards her future offspring the entire time. If you are lucky.

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