NRO And Zardari
he National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) was an ordinance issued by the former President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, on October 5, 2007.It granted amnesty to politicians, political workers and bureaucrats who were accused of corruption, embezzlement, money laundering, murder, and terrorism between January 1, 1986, and October 12, 1999, the time between two states of martial law in Pakistan. And Asif Ali Zardari was found out to be the best beneficiary from this ordinance. We will be discussing the NRO and the Prevailing Conditions of NRO which brought Zardari as a President of Pakistan. It is widely believed that the act was a measure to allow the former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto to return to Pakistan without any legal consequences due to pending politically motivated corruption cases. Moreover it was American Policy to hold the power and rule Pakistan according to their will. More Specifically Divide and Conquer. They wanted to Remove their own created Taliban from the Scene . In order to support his act Musharraf said cases had been in the courts for a decade without any judgment being passed and were hampering political progress of virtually all political parties . Looking the prevailing condition chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudharysuspended this ordinance on October 12, 2007. As every action has a reaction, and in the reaction Musharaf abrogated the constitution on November 3, 2007. The new Chief Justice, Abdul Hameed Dogar revived the NRO on February 27, 2008. The total list was 8041 beneficiaries most of which are bureaucrats, along with a handful of politicians. The cases also included some high ranking politicians such as the current President Zardari and Prime MinisterGillani. The NRO was planned to be presented in the National Assembly but later due to the opposition of several major parties was not presented in the Assembly. According to State Minister for Law Afzal Sindhu in a news conference, the ordinance affected 8041 people, including 34 politicians and three ambassadors. On December 16, 2009, the Supreme Court of Pakistan declared NRO unconstitutional. The Supreme Court also said that all the cases disposed of because of the controversial ordinance now stand revived as of Oct 5, 2007, position. The court opened that the NRO "seems to be against national interests thus it violates the provisions of the constitution. However with the end of NRO a new scenario activated which brought Asif Ali Zardari i.e. Mr 10% into the film. In October 2007, the president of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf, issued the National Reconciliation Ordinance which granted amnesty to politicians in office from 1986 to 1999. Benazir Bhutto was assassinated on 27 December 2007, shortly after returning to Pakistan from exile. On 30 December 2007, Asif Ali Zardari became the co-chairman of the PPP, along with his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, who is currently studying at Oxford. Bilawal is intended to fully assume the post when he completes his education. Zardari have got a lot of benefit from the passing of NRO and this made him to clear all his cases throughout his career. The cases that he was charged for,
ARY gold case:In the gold case, Zardari was charged with taking bribes from ARY International Exchange, a gold bullion dealership based in Dubai, in exchange for awarding the company an exclusive license in 1994 to import more than $500 million worth of gold that was used in Pakistan's jewelry businesses.
He is expelled from the religion because Islam forbids these actions and deeds. oppressing others.. In Britain. It also means giving others equal treatment.´ (Saheeh Muslim)
Whoever commits evil deeds such as murder. According to Pakistani officials. I have forbidden injustice for Myself and forbade it also for you. but they are not identical.y
Swiss companies case Zardari had received illegal commissions from two Swiss companies. after the companies were awarded a contract for pre-shipment inspections for imports to Pakistan.
Over all the NRO was an unethical act world and by Religion as well. justice is also a moral virtue and an attribute of human personality.´ (Al-Quran)
. Illegal construction of Polo ground at PM House.000 tractors in a 1997 deal. Sometimes. like in unequal distribution of wealth. Poor people are being caught by the police for less crime than those people whose names are mentioned in NRO list. So avoid being unjust to one another. as it is in the Western tradition. In the Islamic worldview. including the installation of an imitation of a local pub. As described earlier that it is the license to the rich criminals to do crimes.A. This is obviously unjust act to the people of Pakistan. drinking alcohol. Zardari faces a civil case brought in connection with a country manor with hundreds of acres in southern England where he made extensive renovations.900 Ursus tractors. losing his temper. APP said. the Polish papers contain details of illegal commissions paid by the tractor company in return for agreeing to their contract. "The documentary evidence received from Poland confirms the scheme of kickbacks laid out by Asif Zardari and Benazir Bhutto in the name of (the) launching of Awami tractor scheme". a French aircraft manufacturer. Cotecna. Corruption in purchase of URSUS Tractors under Awami Tractos Scheme
These charges are in regard to the purchase of 8. Jens Schlegelmilch and Didier Plantin of Dargal S. The Prophet of Islam declared: ³There are seven categories of people whom God will shelter under His shade on the Day when there will be no shade except His. who received about $1. It was alleged that the arrangement "skimmed" Rs 103 mn rupees ($2 million) in kickbacks. documents released by the French authorities indicated that Zardari offered exclusive rights to Dassault. or co-operates with him. to replace the air force's fighter jets in exchange for a 5% commission to be paid to a Swiss corporation controlled by Zardari.969 million for supplying 5. In Islam. justice is achieved through inequality.´(Saheeh Muslim)
God spoke to His Messenger in this manner: ³O My slaves.15% commission on the purchase through their front men. and Société Générale de Surveillance. [One is] the just leader. Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari allegedly received a 7. is not a true Muslim. and giving or taking bribes to please an unjust ruler. justice denotes placing things in their rightful place. Justice is close to equality in the sense that it creates a state of equilibrium in the distribution of rights and duties.