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Released JAR artifacts are associated with PGP signatures and checksums verify both the authenticity and integrity of the binary software artifact.3” and a timestamp.com brought to you by. Getting Started with Repository Management Release Artifacts These are specific. publish artifacts to an internal repository and share binary artifacts. Snapshot Artifacts Snapshots capture a work in progress and are used during development. point-in-time releases.dzone.#98 Get More Refcardz! Visit refcardz. and retrieve software artifacts from a repository. For example. you repository manager accepts requests for artifacts from clients. Inc. A Snapshot artifact has both a version number such as “1. If you are deploying software to the public. If your internet connection DZone. Repository Groups: Repository managers can consolidate multiple repositories into a single repository group making it easier to configure tools to retrieve artifacts from a single URL.0-20090314. If you have a proprietary JDBC driver.0 might have the name commons-lang-1. Hosted Internal Repositories When you host a repository. add it to an internal 3rd party repository so developers can add it as a project dependency without having to manually install it in a local repository. You can deploy 3rd party artifacts to your repository manager. • MAVEN REPOSITORY MANAGEMENT A Maven repository provides a standard for storing and serving binary software. CONTENTS INCLUDE: n n n n n n Repository Management Repository Coordinates Project Dependencies Remote Repositories Proxy Repositories Hosted Repositories and more. Instead of sending other developers instructions for checking out source from source control and building entire applications from source. storing. If the artifact is not already cached. locate project dependencies.. a snapshot artifact for commons-lang 1. Maven and other tools such as Ivy interact with repositories to search for binary software artifacts. Getting Started with Maven Repository Management By Jason Van Zyl becomes unavailable. stable. • Builds will be more stable because you will not be relying on external resources. or 3rd party artifacts.com . • • Proxy Remote Repositories www.jar.. It will be easier to collaborate and distribute software internally..3. You can use a hosted. the fastest way to get your users productive is with a standard Maven repository. The Central Maven repository stores release artifacts.. Subsequent requests for the same artifact will be served from the local cache. Released artifacts are considered to be solid. and perpetual in order to guarantee that builds which depend upon them are repeatable over time. You can control which artifacts and repositories are referenced by your projects.com When you proxy a remote repository. • Additional Features and Benefits Searching and Indexing Artifacts: All repository managers provide an easy way to index and search software artifacts using the standard Nexus Indexer format.dzone. | www. your builds will rely on a local cache of artifacts from a remote repository.3. the repository manager will retrieve the artifact from the remote repository and cache the artifact. snapshot artifacts. Reasons to Use a Repository Manager • Builds will run much faster as they will be downloading artifacts from a local cache.3. internal repository to store internal release artifacts. Maven Repository managers serve two purposes: they act as highly configurable proxies between your organization and the public Maven repositories and they also provide an organization with a deployment destination for your own generated artifacts. and serving binary artifacts.182342-1.0” or “1. your repository manager takes care of organizing.

0. and testers. Artifact. Nexus can help you share those artifacts with other developers and end-users. WAR.xfire</groupId> <artifactId>xfire-java5</artifactId> <version>1.6. SWC.0. <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org. Staging and Release Management: Repository managers can also support decisions and workflow associated with software releases sending email notifications to release managers. but it has always been recommended to maintain your own repositories to ensure stability within your organization. For example. Nexus greatly simplifies the maintenance of your own internal repositories and access to external repositories.pom Downloading Nexus Professional To download Nexus Professional. EAR. and provisioning. The combination of groupId and artifactId must be unique for a project. Versions can also contain extra information to denote release status such as “1. http://nexus. http://repo1. SWF. With Nexus you can completely control access to.sonatype. Addressing Resources in a Repository Tools designed to interact with Maven repositories translate artifact coordinates into a URL which corresponds to a location in a Maven repository. Coordinate: packaging Packaging describes the contents of the software artifact. If you develop software.apache.0-bundle.8.codehaus. Version coordinate.org and click on the Download menu item. a minor release version of 2. and deployment of.maven. | www. If a tool such as Maven is looking for version 1.org This set of coordinates is often referred to as a GAV coordinate. Many repository managers allow administrators to define lists of allowed and/or blocked repositories.2 Getting Started with Maven Repository Management Procuring External Artifacts: Organizations often want some control over what artifacts are allowed into the organization. Maven’s central repository has always served as a great convenience for users of Maven.jar /com/example/some-library/1. P2 repositories.2.2.0/some-library-1.2.2. artifactId. You can look at Central as an example of how Maven repositories operate and how they are assembled. REMOTE REPOSITORIES REPOSITORY COORDINATES Repositories store artifacts using a set of coordinates: groupId. NAR. version.. Inc. Central Maven Repository The Central Maven repository contains almost 90. this request is translated into: /com/example/some-library/1. deployment.com/products/nexus and click on Download DZone. Maven repositories can store any type binary software format including ZIP.2... your version would be 1.tar.000 software artifacts occupying around 100 GB of disk space.3.dzone. The GAV coordinate standard is the foundation for Maven’s ability to manage dependencies. Codehaus Snapshot Repository The Codehaus Snapshot repository contains snapshot artifacts for projects hosted by Codehaus. Coordinate: version A numerical version for a software artifact. Download the nexus-oss-webapp-1.0/some-library-1. which is short for “Group. For example. Declaring Dependencies in Maven <project> . PROJECT DEPENDENCIES Build tools like Maven and Ivy allow you to define project dependencies using Maven coordinates.org/snapshots/ Coordinate: artifactId An artifact is simply a name for a software artifact.2. and packaging.0-bundle. software components being produced by the Maven project are available under the groupId org. Downloading Nexus Open Source To download Nexus Open Source.codehaus. every artifact in your organization from a single location. go to http://nexus.5</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>junit</groupId> <artifactId>junit</artifactId> <version>3. if your simple-library artifact has a Major release version of 1. SAR.6.example. and other repository formats.org/snapshots/ Coordinate: groupId A group identifier groups a set of artifacts into a logical group.sonatype.0 of the some-library JAR in the group com. http://repository. and point release version of 3. While the most common artifact is a JAR. A simple web application project might have the artifactId “simple-webapp”.gz or nexus-oss-webapp-1. ABOUT NEXUS Nexus manages software “artifacts” required for development.2. Multiple Repository Formats: Repository managers can also automatically transform between various repository formats including OSGi Bundle repositories (OBR).” Apache Snapshot Repository The Apache Snapshot repository contains snapshot artifacts for projects in the Apache Software Foundation. and a simple library might be “simple-library”.zip file from the Download directory. Maven repositories..maven.apache. developers.com .2-beta”. go to http://www. </project> Security and LDAP Integration: Repository managers can be configured to verify artifacts downloaded from remote repositories and to integrate with external security providers such as LDAP.1</version> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> .

.0 $ ls . DZone. (A) Change the Administrative Password by clicking on Security -> Users. www.bat to install Nexus as a Windows Service (E) Run “net start nexus-webapp” to start the Nexus service To configure Nexus as a service on Linux: (A) Copy bin/jsw/$PLATFORM/nexus to /etc/init./bin/jsw/macosx-universal-32/nexus start Nexus Repository Manager. Right-click on the admin user and choose “Set Password”.0 has a sibling directory named sonatype-work/. and you should see the login dialog.6. Select the “Maven Central” repository and open up the Configuration tab. CONFIGURING MAVEN FOR NEXUS To use Nexus. [ServletContainer:default] -SelectChannelConnector@0. fire up a web browser and go to: http://localhost:8081/nexus. run: $ tar xvzf nexus-webapp-1. Installing Nexus Unpack the Nexus distribution in any directory.0 (C) Change directories to bin/jsw/windows-x86-32 (D) Run InstallNexus.0. After you fill out a simple registration form. a download link will be sent via email. Inc.0. it will be running on http://localhost:8081/nexus/. Click on Views/Repositories -> Repositories. NEXUS_HOME. And.sun.com/downloads/. you’ll need to edit your mirror settings in your ~/. Nexus doesn’t have any hard coded directories..dzone. a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) compatible with Java 5 or higher. To download the latest release of the Sun JDK. you will often want to configure Nexus as a service.dzone. Click on the “Log In” link in the DZone. Using the default deployment user’s credentials. put the following server element in your Maven Settings XML stored in ~/. Select Administration -> Licensing and upload your Nexus Professional License.m2/settings. you will configure Maven to check Nexus instead of the public repositories. Inc. xml.6.0/ and sonatype-work/. This directory contains all of the repository and configuration data for Nexus and is stored outside of the Nexus installation directory to make it easier to upgrade to a newer version of Nexus. WRAPPER_CMD. if you downloaded the GZip’d TAR archive. To start Nexus.0:8081 Configuring Nexus as a Service When installing Nexus.com www.m2/settings.6..xml file.d/nexus (C) Edit the startup script changing APP_NAME. RUNNING NEXUS When you start Nexus for the first time. To configure Nexus as a service on Windows: (A) Open a Command Prompt (B) Change directories to C:/Program Files/nexus-webapp-1.m2/settings. PLATFORM. The Mac OS X wrapper is started with a call to nexus start: $ cd ~/nexus-webapp-1.d (B) chmod 755 /etc/init. APP_LONG_NAME. Under Remote Repository Access set Download Remote Indexes to true. (D) Install Professional License (Nexus Professional Only). To do this. go to http://developers. If you downloaded the ZIP archive.log INFO .3 Getting Started with Maven Repository Management Nexus Pro. and WRAPPER_CONF (D) (Optional) Set the RUN_AS_USER to “nexus Deploying Artifacts to Nexus To deploy artifacts to Nexus you must set server credentials in your Maven Settings and configure your project’s POM to publish to Nexus./bin/jsw/ aix-ppc-32/ linux-ppc-64/ solaris-sparc-32/ aix-ppc-64/ linux-x86-32/ solaris-sparc-64/ hpux-parisc-32/ linux-x86-64/ solaris-x86-32/ hpux-parisc-64/ macosx-universal-32/ windows-x86-32/ $ chmod -R a+x bin $ .tgz This will create two directories nexus-webapp-1.0-bundle.6. Update your Maven Settings Place the following XML into a file named ~/. Installing Java Nexus Open Source and Nexus Professional only have one prerequisite. Post-install Checklist After installing Nexus make sure to make the following configuration changes.6.xml || Login to Nexus To use Nexus. This Maven Settings file configures your Maven builds to fetch artifacts from the public group of the Nexus installation available at http://localhost:8081/nexus/ <settings> <mirrors> <mirror> <!--This sends everything else to /public --> <id>nexus</id> <mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf> <url>http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/groups/public</url> </mirror> </mirrors> <profiles> <profile> <id>nexus</id> <repositories> <repository> <id>central</id> <url>http://central</url> <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases> <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots> </repository> </repositories> <pluginRepositories> <pluginRepository> <id>central</id> <url>http://central</url> <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases> <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots> </pluginRepository> </pluginRepositories> </profile> </profiles> <activeProfiles> <!--make the profile active all the time --> <activeProfile>nexus</activeProfile> </activeProfiles> </settings> Starting Nexus The following example listing starts Nexus using the script for Mac OS X. it will run from any directory. upper right-hand corner of the web page.6. run: $ unzip nexus-webapp-1.. (B) Configure the SMTP Settings by selecting Administration -> Server and filling out the SMTP server information. $ tail -f logs/wrapper. find the appropriate startup script for your platform in the ${NEXUS_HOME}/bin/jsw directory. The Sonatype Work Directory The Nexus installation directory nexus-webapp-1.0-bundle.zip THE DEFAULT NEXUS USERNAME AND PASSWORD IS “admin” AND “admin123”.com . (C) Enable Remote Index Downloads for the Central Maven Repository.

What is a Proxy Repository? A proxy repository sits between your builds and a remote repository like the Central Maven repository. The 3rd Party repository is for 3rd party artifacts such as proprietary drivers or commercial libraries which are not available from a public Maven repository. PROXY REPOSITORIES This section details working with Proxy Repositories. When Maven performs the deployment. These published artifacts are stored in the Sonatype Work directory. Select Proxy Repository from the drop down: Adding a New Hosted Repository This section details working with Hosted Repositories. add the following XML to your Maven project’s pom. it will retrieve the artifact from the remote repository. and Snapshots.xml and send the appropriate credentials.xml: <distributionManagement> <repository> <id>releases</id> <name>Releases Repository</name> <url> http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/releases </url> </repository> <snapshotRepository> <id>snapshots</id> <name>Snapshot Repository</name> <url> http://localhost:8081/nexus/content/repositories/snapshots </url> </snapshotRepository> </distributionManagement> Supply a unique identifier and name. Inc. If the remote index has been successfully downloaded and processed. Select the Maven Central repository and click on the Configuration tab. When you ask a proxy repository for an artifact. Set “Download Remote Indexes” to true and click on Save. choose a Repository Policy of either Release or Snapshot. HOSTED REPOSITORIES What is a Hosted Repository? A Hosted Repository contains artifacts which have been published to a Nexus instance. The Releases repository is for your own internal software release artifacts. Releases. If it does not have the artifact requested. go to Views/Repositories -> Repositories.4 Getting Started with Maven Repository Management <settings> … <servers> <server> <id>releases</id> <username>deployment</username> <password>deployment123</password> </server> <server> <id>snapshots</id> <username>deployment</username> <password>deployment123</password> </server> </servers> … </settings> Once you select Proxy Repository you will see the New Proxy Repository form shown here: And. DZone. Proxy repositories speed up your builds by serving frequently used artifacts from a local cache. Enabling indexes is essential if you want to take full advantage of Nexus’ intuitive search interface. This process may take a few minutes depending on the speed of your connection. They also provide for more stability in case when your internet connection or the remote repository becomes unavailable. Enabling Remote Index Downloads While Nexus is preconfigured with the Central Maven repository.com . Adding a New Proxy Repository To add a new Proxy Repository. Go to Views/Repositories -> Repositories. This can include repositories that hold release artifacts and repositories that hold snapshot artifacts. it will match the id element of the repository with the id element of the server in the settings. Nexus comes configured with three Hosted repositories: 3rd Party.dzone. | www. the Browse Index tab for the Maven Central repository will display thousands of artifacts. and the Snapshots repository is for your own project’s snapshot artifacts. it is not configured to download indexes from remote repositories. This configures your Maven build to deploy snapshots to the hosted Snapshots repository and releases to the hosted Releases repository. it checks a local cache of artifacts it has already downloaded. Nexus will then download the repository index from the remote repository. and provide the URL of the remote repository in the Remote Storage Location. To enable Remote Index Downloads. The default deployment user is deployment and the default password is deployment123. and click on the Add button as shown in the following figure.

and click on the Add button. you would define the following route: Type: Inclusive URL Pattern: . To change the order. Evict Unused Proxy Items: If space is a premium. by dragging Roles and Privileges from the Available Roles/Privileges list to the Selected Roles/Privileges list and clicking on the Save button. Configuring Scheduled Tasks If you are publishing snapshots releases to Nexus. returning the first match. Weekly. Hourly. go to Views/Repositories -> Repositories and select the Configuration tab. Some of the more common and useful Task Types follow: Backup All Nexus Configuration Files: Will cause Nexus to create a snapshot of all Nexus configuration files. | Configuring Nexus Server To configure Sonatype Nexus. Select the appropriate Task Type. or if you need to customize the URL. select the group you need to reorder. you may need to change the order of repositories in a Repository Group. and you can schedule a task to run Once. Most of the default roles cannot be edited directly. and then select the Configuration tab. For example. You use repository groups to simplify the configuration of tools like Maven which need to retrieve artifacts from a set of common repositories. As a Nexus administrator you can define new repositories. unauthenticated users. Daily. To reorder repositories. Snapshots Reordering Repositories in a Group When Nexus resolves an artifact from a Repository Group it iterates over the repositories in the group. you can assign it new privileges. What is a Repository Group? A repository groups combines one or more repositories under a single repository URL. Security Settings: Nexus’ pluggable security providers are configured in this section.com .*/org/some-oss/. but you are free to create new. Remove Snapshots from Repository: Nexus can be configured to keep a minimum number of repositories and to delete snapshots older than a specific time period. click on Security -> Roles. Nexus ships with a default admin. proxy repositories. click on the user to edit the user’s email address or to assign the user new Nexus roles. Once a role is created. click and drag repositories to the correct order in the Ordered Group Repositories field and then click Save. Scheduled tasks can be configured to send an email alert when they are executed. If an artifact exists in more than one repository. System Notifications Settings: Configure automatic email notifications for important system events. deployment. To configure a Scheduled Task.5 Getting Started with Maven Repository Management REPOSITORY GROUPS Anonymous Access: Control how and if Nexus is made available to anonymous. you can configure Nexus to remove proxy items which have not been used within a specific time period. DZone. click on Administration -> Server this will load the Nexus configuration panel. and you need to add this repository to the Public Group. On the users panel. you will need to configure the appropriate SMTP settings in this section. To create or edit roles. Monthly. you can do so here. Application Server Settings: If Nexus is hosted behind a proxy. drag a repository from the “Available Repositories” list to the “Ordered Group Repositories” list and click on the Save button. You can control which security realms are active and the order in which they are consulted during authentication and authorization. The Routing panel is where you can edit existing routes and create additional routes. if you wanted to make sure all requests for artifacts under org. Adding Repositories to a Group Nexus ships with a Public Repository Group which contains all of your hosted and proxy repositories. www. To add a repository to repository group. hosted Releases and Snapshots repositories. Once the user is created. go to Repositories/View -> Repositories. click on the Add button to add a new Nexus user.* Repositories: Releases. NEXUS ADMINISTRATION Configuring Nexus Security Nexus Security has a highly configurable Role-based Access Control system which relies on Privileges. By default. you will want to configure at least one scheduled task to periodically delete older snapshots releases. click on Administration -> Scheduled Tasks. Defining Repository Routes Repository routes allow you to direct requests matching specific patterns to specific repositories. Roles. and Users.someoss where directed to internal. control which repositories are available in a group and the order in which artifacts are resolved from repositories in a group. or using a custom cron expression.dzone. To configure a new Nexus user. If you create a new repository. Download Indexes: Nexus will retrieve or update indexes for all remote. Before Nexus can send emails. go to Administration -> Routing. To define a Repository Route. Inc. custom roles by clicking on the Add button. go to Security -> Users and open up the Users panel. anonymous user along with associated roles. HTTP Request Settings: Configure custom timeouts and retry behavior for remote repositories as well as customize the Nexus User Agent. The following is a list of some of the configuration sections in this panel: SMTP Settings: Nexus supports release and deployment using email.

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Google and es Microsoft.6 Getting Started with Maven Repository Management NEXUS PROFESSIONAL Nexus Professional is a central point of access to external repositories which provides the necessary controls to make sure that only approved artifacts enter into your software development environment.g. n text of stan peting ents in dar er wor standar kar HTM L BAS Java EE Security Adobe Flash Catalyst Network Security Subversion DZone. with an ts etimes .. 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OTHER NEXUS RESOURCES For more information about Sonatype’s Nexus. is used ML are the prog etc. mechanical. you are result anybody layout es cert n. and subm it the pro ject’s vers are from with uniqu ABOU softw (CI) is um the build evel Comm build a pro minim Label Task-L ies to gration ed to activit blem the bare ion ate all cies to t ous Inte committ USAGE SCENARIOS to a pro Autom configurat nden ymen Build depe al tion deplo t Continu ry change manu Label d tool nmen a solu ineffective the same stalle ) Build eve t. applications (e. but chang prope Depe into differe itting er necessa pared to efi te builds e comm late Verifi associat to be ben befor are not Cloud computing asRun remo it’s known etoday has changed this.org Subscribe to the Nexus Developer Mailing List: nexus-dev-subscribe@sonatype. Hosting Project Web Sites: With Nexus Professional. Nexus Pro also adds support for Artifact Bundles.3 million software developers. Com bora ■ ■ ■ Aldon Chan ge. They Privat contin lts whe appear effects. the Maven company. memory. and promoted only after they have been tested and certified.. load balancers and clusters) are all but abstracted away by ■ Vis it 4 n: ratio rns te Integti-PatM. ory.sonatype. In addition to these features. all tern. DZone offers something for everyone. All rights reserved. Inc. that will industry standard software and virtualization technology. To participate.e.n elem CPU) to be mov memory. Tags l. bandwidth. brough Platform Management and more.sonatype. .dzone.com/nexus-book Nexus OSS Site: http://nexus. Custom Repository Metadata. Enterprise LDAP Support: Nexus Professional adds support for LDAP clustering. stored in a retrieval system.org Subscribe to the Nexus Pro User Mailing List: nexus-pro-users-subscribe@sonatype. tested. 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Support for OSGi Repositories: Nexus Professional supports OBR and P2 repositories used in OSGi and Eclipse development.e.com CONTENTS INCLUDE: ■ ■ ■ About Cloud Computing Usage Scenarios Underlying Concepts Cost by. This allows resources function job adm been arou dation Fortuna commo than nd for they (e. solid foun simpler utilized by multiple operating systems. but can toInteg late fi Centr Binar most phone services: plans with alloted resources.. ation Having the capability to support one time events. in any form or by means electronic.com ISBN-13: 978-1-934238-98-1 ISBN-10: 1-934238-98-8 50795 DZone communities deliver over 6 million pages each month to more than 3. layed cannot be (and freq need ned lang r visual eng nologies if but as for overlap uen it has ine.. Nexus Staging Suite: Provides workflow support for software releases. b></ ed insid bec heavily based on very little L more Amazon’s cloud computing ose the curr you cho platform isome a></ importa e b> is more ent stan to writ not lega each othe app nt. you can publish Maven project sites directly to your repository manager. L ent instances. 140 Preston Executive Dr. the Plexus IoC framework.0300 $7.codehaus.org:6667 Subscribe to the Nexus User Mailing List: nexus-user-subscribe@sonatype. Central features of Nexus Professional are: Nexus Procurement Suite: Gives Nexus administrators control of what artifacts are allowed into an organization from a remote repository. architects and decision makers. d. HTM essentia is a lack came up ed many com pr lly plai supp ain elem L with clev ort. making them rn les to ize merg Patte it all fi to minim space Comm many aspects related tomultiple computing. cheat sheets. No part of this publication may be reproduced. und ardless you prov your MLaare of L erstand Virtualization allows physical piece of hardware idebe to HTML much actually other web a of the ing has coding. in the end bad pra enting Creat cy Mana nt targe es rties are rily nden implem approac ed with the cial.” says PC Magazine. and the Apache Velocity project. Earl to be. rdz ! m P However. feature articles.sonatype..com/products/nexus Participate in the Nexus Community Everyone is welcome to participate in the Nexus community as a developer or user. WAR es lained ) and anti the par solution duce al Depe ge librari x” t Web application deployment until a few yearsenvironmen similar t ago was packa Minim be exp nden text to “fi ns are to pro all targe rity all depe used CI can ticular con le that alize y i-patter they tend es.org Nexus Pro Site: http://www. com ref car Web applications have always been deployed on servers connected to what is now deemed the ‘cloud’. 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