The Elements of

Art

Elements of Art
the building blocks of art

line

value shape

form space

color texture

line - a moving point to create a continuous mark

shape - lines
combined to create an enclosed space (Geometric/Organic)

Value - the lightness or darkness of something

form

- combining shape and value to

create the illusion of three dimensions on a flat surface

COlor - recorded light hitting the eye
hue: name value: lightness or darkness intensity: purity or strength, warm/cool

visual actual

Texture - The way something feels
(visual or actual)

Space - the area something
takes up in the artwork (refers to depth, positive & negative space or 2-D & 3-D space)

The principles of

DESIGN
PUTTING THE ELEMENTS TO WORK !

Principles of Design
how the elements are organized

balance emphasis movement repetition

contrast

pattern

- arrangement of elements to create a feeling of stability (symmetrical: same on both sides, asymmetrical: similar but not exactly the same)

Balance

Emphasis

- elements used to create visual dominance or a focal point.

- a difference between elements to create a more dynamic composition (light/dark, warm/cool, big small, empty/full, organic/geometric)

Contrast

Movement

- combing elements to direct the viewers eye or create the look of action (visual movement)

Repetition

- combining elements again and again to create a visual rhythm or beat

- structural repetition, combining elements in an organized and repeated manner

Pattern

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