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A440 The standard pitch – Jesus the standard for living.

A440 is the 440 Hz tone that serves as the internationally recognized standard for musical pitch. A440 is the musical note A above middle C. Since 1939, it has served as the audio frequency reference for the calibration of pianos, violins, and other musical instruments. Tuning a piano is an example of a simple frequency calibration that is actually done with the human ear. The piano tuner listens to a standard musical pitch and compares it to the same note on the piano keyboard. The piano is then adjusted (by tightening or loosening strings), until it agrees with the audio standard. The smallest frequency offset that a piano tuner can hear depends on lots of factors, including the sound volume, the duration of the tone, the suddenness of the frequency change, and the musical training of the listener. However, the just noticeable difference is often defined as 5 cents, where 1 cent is 1/100 of the ratio between two adjacent tones on the piano's keyboard. Acts 18:24 And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. 25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. 26 And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly. 27 And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace: 28 For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ. Acts 19:1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, 2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. 3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism. 4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. 5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Revelation 1: 8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. John 4:23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. 24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth Being in pitch and in time: Romans 13:11 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. 14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

Psalm 87:1 {A Psalm or Song for the sons of Korah.} His foundation is in the holy mountains. 2 The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. 3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah. 4 I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this man was born there. 5 And of Zion it shall be said, This and that man was born in her: and the highest himself shall establish her. 6 The LORD shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this man was born there. Selah. 7 As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee.

All can join – Better than any club. The rich, the poor, the black, the white, the doctor, and the trash collector. No place like zion. Born in Zion

Some Definitions:
Pitch: The "pitch" of a musical sound refers to its perceived high-ness or low-ness. Frequency: The "frequency" of a sound refers to the rate at which the individual waves arrive at the ear. A guitar string vibrating at a rate of 440 swings per second generates sound waves at that same rate. So, this sound has a frequency of 440 cycles per second, sometimes abbreviated to 440 cps but more commonly expressed as 440 Hertz and abbreviated to 440 Hz (Hertz was a 19th century physicist who later founded a rent-a-horse empire). The higher the frequency, the closer together the waves and the higher the pitch. Tone: A "tone" is a musical sound of a particular pitch. Tones are the steps of which a scale (see definition below) is comprised. Semitone: The smallest interval (see definition below) used in ordinary Western music. Also called a "half-step." The common Western scale consists of an octave (see definition below) divided into twelve parts. Each of those parts is a semitone. Adjacent keys on a piano (regardless of color) are one semitone apart. Cent: A "cent" is one-hundredth the distance between two semitones. Used primarily in tuning, not in written music. Note: A musical "note" is a label or symbol assigned to a particular tone (and also its duration, but we won't worry about that here). Notes are commonly expressed (in ordinary speech and writing) as letters of the alphabet. The word is also used to mean the tones themselves. A series of notes makes up a "scale" (see definition below). Scale: A musical scale is a division of a particular range of frequencies into a number of steps spaced apart by one or another scheme. There are a nearly infinite number of possible scales. Octave: An "octave" is a range of frequency in which the top is double the frequency of the bottom. So if the bottom is 440 Hz, then the top would be 880 Hz. That low frequency, 440 Hz, as already explained, has been labeled as the note A. So the octave of A, double that frequency, is again named A. Half of the starting frequency, 220 Hz, is also an A. On a bagpipe chanter, with a limited range of notes, there are only two A's and logically enough they are called the Low A and the High A. Interval: An "interval" is the distance between any two notes or tones of a scale. Sharp:Most basically, "sharp" refers to a tone that is higher-pitched than another, or higherpitched than its theoretical self. For example, the next note above C is "C-Sharp" (written C#). Flat: The opposite of "sharp" in all regards, a tone that is "flat" has a lower pitch than expected or desirable. And again, the word is also used as part of a label in musical notation, for example "B-Flat" (written Bb) where there are no implications regarding the correctness of its pitch.