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architecture 5-6, 32-34, 41, 45, 53 art 2, 29-31, 35-41, 46, 51-52, 90 biography 26, 95 biology 75, 78, 83, 97 business 1, 17, 82 cognitive science 18, 60-61, 63, 75, 85, 91, 95, 97 computer science 61, 77, 79, 81-82, 88-89 cultural studies 45-47 current affairs 3-4, 8, 9, 13-14, 19, 22, 44 design 5, 7, 32 digital humanities 89-90 economics 14-16, 48, 64-69, 68-69, 73 environment 3, 8-10, 54, 56, 59, 72-74 finance 15-16, 64, 66 game studies 55, 87 gender studies 20, 55 higher education 24-25, 56-57 history 7, 57, 65, 84 history of science 62, 78 history of technology 61-62 information science 82, 84 international security 70-71 linguistics 26, 63, 79-80, 94 music 37, 43 neuroscience 58-59, 75-77, 91, 94 philosophy 18, 28, 49, 55, 92-93, 95-98 photography 40 politics, political science 2, 13, 26, 47-48, 54, 63, 67, 70-73 psychology 3, 12, 27, 92-93, 94 regional 23-25 science 11, 21, 59 science, technology, and society 57, 61, 63, 84-85 technology 11, 12, 19-20, 22, 32, 34, 39, 50, 90 urban planning, urban studies 53, 56
Front and inside front cover images from Helvetica and the New York City Subway System by Paul Shaw.
MIT Press Journals 99-101 Sales information 102-104 The Digital MIT Press 108 Distributed by the MIT Press
Afterall Books 40-41 Zone Books 42-43 Semiotext(e) 44-48
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Revised Edition Robert Venturi Denise Scott Brown Steven Izenour
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John Maeda with Becky Bermont
When designer and computer scientist John Maeda was tapped to be president of the celebrated Rhode Island School of Design in 2008, he had to learn how to be a leader quickly. He had to transform himself from a tenured professor — with a love of argument for argument’s sake and the freedom to experiment — into the head of a hierarchical organization. The professor is free to speak his mind against “the man.” The college president is “the man.” Maeda has had to teach himself, through trial and error, about leadership. In Redesigning Leadership, he shares his learning process. Maeda, writing as an artist and designer, a technologist, and a professor, discusses intuition and risk-taking, “transparency,” and all the things that a conversation can do that an email can’t. In his transition from MIT to RISD he finds that the most effective way to pull people together is not social networking but free food. Leading a team? The best way for a leader to leverage the collective power of a team is to reveal his or her own humanity. Asked if he has stopped designing, Maeda replied (via Twitter) “I’m designing how to talk about/with/for our #RISD community.” Maeda’s creative nature makes him a different sort of leader — one who prizes experimentation, honest critique, and learning as you go. With Redesigning Leadership, he uses his experience to reveal a new model of leadership for the next generation of leaders.
John Maeda is President of Rhode Island School of Design and former Associate Director of the MIT Media Lab. In 2008 Esquire magazine named Maeda one of the 75 most influential people of the twenty-first century. He is the author of the bestselling The Laws of Simplicity (MIT Press, 2006) and other books. Becky Bermont is Vice President of Media + Partners at RISD and has partnered with Maeda since his time at the Media Lab in efforts to bridge design, academia, and business. Lessons for a new generation of leaders on teamwork, meetings, conversations, free food, social media, apologizing, and other topics.
May 5 3/8 x 8, 104 pp. $20.00T/£14.95 cloth 978-0-262-01588-2 Simplicity: Design, Technology, Business, Life series
Also available in this series THE LAWS OF SIMPLICITY John Maeda 2006, 978-0-262-13472-9 s$21.00T/£15.95 cloth
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JOHN MAEDA ON LEADERSHIP
• Feedback makes the mind grow stronger. • “For example” is an exemplary tool for achieving clarity. • The difference between a community and an audience is where you choose to stand on the stage. • The tide can sometimes turn in your favor. Rejoice when it happens.
AI WEIWEI’S BLOG
Manifestos and immodest proposals from China’s most famous artist and activist, culled from his popular blog, shut down by Chinese authorities in 2009.
Writings, Interviews, and Digital Rants, 2006–2009 Ai Weiwei edited and translated by Lee Ambrozy
In 2006, even though he could barely type, China’s most famous artist started blogging. For more than three years, Ai Weiwei turned out a steady stream of scathing social commentary, criticism of government policy, thoughts on art and architecture, and autobiographical writings. He wrote about the Sichuan earthquake (and posted a list of the schoolchildren who died because of the government’s “tofu-dregs engineering”), reminisced about Andy Warhol and the East Village art scene, described the irony of being investigated for “fraud” by the Ministry of Public Security, made a modest proposal for tax collection. Then, on June 1, 2009, Chinese authorities shut down the blog. This book offers a collection of Ai’s notorious online writings translated into English — the most complete, public documentation of the original Chinese blog available in any language. The New York Times called Ai “a figure of Warholian celebrity.” He is a leading figure on the international art scene, a regular in museums and biennials, but in China he is a manifold and controversial presence: artist, architect, curator, social critic, justice-seeker. He was a consultant on the design of the famous “Bird’s Nest” stadium but called for an Olympic boycott; he received a Chinese Contemporary Art “lifetime achievement award” in 2008 but was beaten by the police in connection with his “citizen investigation” of earthquake casualties in 2009. Ai Weiwei’s Blog documents Ai’s passion, his genius, his hubris, his righteous anger, and his vision for China.
Ai Weiwei (b. 1957), artist, architect, activist, and outspoken social critic, is one of the most famous and controversial figures in China today. His work has been exhibited in Europe, Asia, Australia, and the United States, in venues ranging from the Venice Biennale to the Guangzhou Triennial. Lee Ambrozy is a translator and scholar of Chinese art history.
March 7 x 9, 320 pp. 58 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-01521-9 Writing Art series
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Throughout these days of mourning, people do not need to thank the Motherland and her supporters, for she was unable to offer any better protection. Nor was it the Motherland, in the end, who allowed the luckier children to escape from their collapsing schoolhouses. There is no need to praise government officials, for these fading lives need effective rescue measures far more than they need sympathetic speeches and tears. There is even less need to thank the army, as doing so would be to say that in responding to this disaster, soldiers offer something other than the fulfillment of their sworn duty. Feel sad! Suffer! Feel it in the recesses of your heart, in the unpeopled night, in all those places without light. We mourn only because death is a part of life, because those dead from the quake are a part of us. But the dead are gone. Only when the living go on living with dignity can the departed rest with dignity.
BLOWOUT IN THE GULF
The BP Oil Spill Disaster and the Future of Energy in America William R. Freudenburg and Robert Gramling
On April 20, 2010, the gigantic drilling rig Deepwater Horizon blew up in the Gulf of Mexico, killing eleven crew members and causing a massive eruption of oil from BP’s Macondo well. For months, oil gushed into the Gulf, spreading death and destruction. Americans watched real-time video of the huge column of oil and gas spewing from the obviously failed “blowout preventer.” The evening news showed heart-rending images of pelicans, dolphins, and other Gulf wildlife covered in oil. What has been missing until now, though, is a book that tells the larger story of this disaster. In Blowout in the Gulf, energy experts William Freudenburg and Robert Gramling explain both the disaster and the decisions that led up to it. They note that — both in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere — we have been getting into increasingly dangerous waters over recent decades, with some in the industry cutting corners and with most federal regulators not even noticing. In the process, the actual owners of the oil — American taxpayers — have come to receive a lower fraction of the income from the oil than in almost any other nation on earth. Freudenburg and Gramling argue that it is time for a new approach. BP’s Oil Spill Response Plan was pure fantasy, claiming the company could handle the equivalent of an Exxon Valdez spill every day, even though “cleaning up” an oil spill is essentially impossible. For the future, our emphasis needs to be on true prevention, and our risk-management policies need to be based on better understandings of humans as well as hardware. Blowout in the Gulf weaves these failures, missteps, and bad decisions into a fascinating narrative that explains why this oil spill was a disaster waiting to happen — and how making better energy choices will help prevent others like it.
William R. Freudenburg is Dehlsen Professor of Environmental Studies at University of California, Santa Barbara. Robert Gramling is Professor of Sociology at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Freudenburg and Gramling are the authors of Oil in Troubled Waters: Perceptions, Politics, and the Battle over Offshore Drilling. The story of how a chain of failures, missteps, and bad decisions led to America’s biggest environmental disaster.
Available 5 3/8 x 8, 272 pp. $18.95T/£14.95 cloth 978-0-262-01583-7
“Blowout in the Gulf is a fast-paced, vivid account of the century-long rush to exploit that led to the BP disaster. As finite and remote oil and gas supplies dwindle, the risks, human and enviromental, will only increase. As the age of oil approaches an end, the authors point us in other, sustainable, directions.” — Bruce Babbitt, former governor of Arizona and secretary of the Interior; board of directors, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
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WHEN JOHNNY AND JANE COME MARCHING HOME
A psychologist’s impassioned call to stop labeling our traumatized war veterans as mentally ill and a guide to how every citizen can help returning vets.
How All of Us Can Help Veterans Paula J. Caplan
Traumatized veterans returning from our wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are often diagnosed as suffering from a psychological disorder and prescribed a regimen of psychotherapy and psychiatric drugs. But why, asks psychologist Paula J. Caplan in this impassioned book, is it a mental illness to be devastated by war? What is a mentally healthy response to death, destruction, and moral horror? In When Johnny and Jane Come Marching Home, Caplan argues that the standard treatment of therapy and drugs is often actually harmful. It adds to veterans’ burdens by making them believe wrongly that they have “gotten over it”; it isolates them behind the closed doors of the therapist’s office; and it makes them rely on often harmful drugs. The numbers of traumatized veterans from past and present wars who continue to suffer demonstrate the ineffectiveness of this approach. Sending anguished veterans off to talk to therapists, writes Caplan, conveys the message that the rest of us don’t want to listen — or that we don’t feel qualified to listen. As a result, the truth about war is kept under wraps. Most of us remain ignorant about what war is really like — and continue to allow our governments to go to war without much protest. Caplan proposes an alternative: that we welcome veterans back into our communities and listen to their stories, one-on-one. (She provides guidelines for conducting these conversations.) This would begin a long overdue national discussion about the realities of war, and it would start the healing process for our returning veterans.
Paula J. Caplan, a clinical and research psychologist, is an Affiliate at Harvard University’s DuBois Institute and a Fellow at the Women and Public Policy Program in Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. She is the author of The Myth of Women’s Masochism, They Say You’re Crazy: How the World’s Most Powerful Psychiatrists Decide Who’s Normal, and eight other books. Her articles, essays, and op-eds have appeared in both scholarly and popular publications.
April 6 x 9, 304 pp. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01554-7
FINAL COVER TO COME
Spring 2011 mitpress.mit.edu
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HELVETICA AND THE NEW YORK CITY SUBWAY SYSTEM
For years, the signs in the New York City subway system were a bewildering hodgepodge of lettering styles, sizes, shapes, materials, colors, and messages. The original mosaics (dating from as early as 1904), displaying a variety of serif and sans serif letters and decorative elements, were supplemented by signs in terracotta and cut stone. Over the years, enamel signs identifying stations and warning riders not to spit, smoke, or cross the tracks were added to the mix. Efforts to untangle this visual mess began in the mid-1960s, when the city transit authority hired the design firm Unimark International to create a clear and consistent sign system. We can see the results today in the white-on-black signs throughout the subway system, displaying station names, directions, and instructions in crisp Helvetica. This book tells the story of how typographic order triumphed over chaos. The process didn’t go smoothly or quickly. At one point New York Times architecture writer Paul Goldberger declared that the signs were so confusing one almost wished that they weren’t there at all. Legend has it that Helvetica came in and vanquished the competition. Paul Shaw shows that it didn’t happen that way — that, in fact, for various reasons (expense, the limitations of the transit authority sign shop), the typeface overhaul of the 1960s began not with Helvetica but with its forebear, Standard (aka Akzidenz Grotesk). It wasn’t until the 1980s and 1990s that Helvetica became ubiquitous. Shaw describes the slow typographic changeover (supplementing his text with more than 250 images — photographs, sketches, type samples, and documents). He places this signage evolution in the context of the history of the New York City subway system, of 1960s transportation signage, of Unimark International, and of Helvetica itself.
Paul Shaw, an award-winning graphic designer, typographer, and calligrapher in New York City, teaches at Parsons School of Design and the School of Visual Arts. He is the coauthor of Blackletter: Type and National Identity and writes about letter design in the blog Blue Pencil. How New York City subway signage evolved from a “visual mess” to a uniform system with Helvetica triumphant.
March 11 x 9 1/2, 144 pp. 260 color illus. $39.95T/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01548-6
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Helvetica type specimen, front detail. D. Stempel AG, 1963. From Helvetica and the New York City Subway System.
A colorful account of Le Corbusier’s love affair with the automobile, his vision of the ideal vehicle, and his tireless promotion of a design that industry never embraced.
Le Corbusier and the Automobile Antonio Amado translated by Penelope Hierons and Barbara E. Duffus
Le Corbusier, who famously called a house “a machine for living,” was fascinated — even obsessed — by another kind of machine, the automobile. His writings were strewn with references to autos: “If houses were built industrially, massproduced like chassis, an aesthetic would be formed with surprising precision,” he wrote in Toward an Architecture (1923). In his “white phase” of the twenties and thirties, he insisted that his buildings be photographed with a modern automobile in the foreground. Le Corbusier moved beyond the theoretical in 1936, entering (with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret) an automobile design competition, submitting plans for “a minimalist vehicle for maximum functionality,” the Voiture Minimum. Despite Le Corbusier’s energetic promotion of his design to several important automakers, the Voiture Minimum was never mass-produced. This book is the first to tell the full and true story of Le Corbusier’s adventure in automobile design. Architect Antonio Amado describes the project in detail, linking it to Le Corbusier’s architectural work, to Modernist utopian urban visions, and to the automobile design projects of other architects including Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright. He provides abundant images, including many pages of Le Corbusier’s sketches and plans for the Voiture Minimum, and reprints Le Corbusier’s letters seeking a manufacturer. Le Corbusier’s design is often said to have been the inspiration for Volkswagen’s enduringly popular Beetle; the architect himself implied as much, claiming that his design for the 1936 competition originated in 1928, before the Beetle. Amado, after extensive examination of archival and source materials, disproves this; the influence may have gone the other way. Although many critics considered the Voiture Minimum a footnote in Le Corbusier’s career, Le Corbusier did not. This book, lavishly illustrated and exhaustively documented, restores Le Corbusier’s automobile to the main text.
Antonio Amado Lorenzo, an architect, is Professor in the Department of Architectonic Representation and Theory at the University of Corunna, Spain.
March 9 x 9, 354 pp. 180 color illus., 205 black & white illus. $49.95T/£36.95 cloth 978-0-262-01536-3
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Spring 2011 mitpress.mit.edu
Fashioning Apollo Nicholas de Monchaux
When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto the lunar surface in July of 1969, they wore spacesuits made by Playtex: twenty-one layers of fabric, each with a distinct yet interrelated function, custom-sewn for them by seamstresses whose usual work was fashioning bras and girdles. This book is the story of that spacesuit. It is a story of the Playtex Corporation’s triumph over the militaryindustrial complex — a victory of elegant softness over engineered hardness, of adaptation over cybernetics. Playtex’s spacesuit went up against hard armor-like spacesuits designed by military contractors and favored by NASA’s engineers. It was only when those attempts failed — when traditional engineering firms could not integrate the body into mission requirements — that Playtex, with its intimate expertise, got the job. In Spacesuit, Nicholas de Monchaux tells the story of the twenty-one-layer spacesuit in twenty-one chapters addressing twenty-one topics relevant to the suit, the body, and the technology of the twentieth century. He touches, among other things, on eighteenth-century androids, Christian Dior’s New Look, Atlas missiles, cybernetics and cyborgs, latex, JFK’s carefully cultivated image, the CBS lunar broadcast soundstage, NASA’s Mission Control, and the applications of Apollo-style engineering to city planning. The twenty-one-layer spacesuit, de Monchaux argues, offers an object lesson. It tells us about redundancy and interdependence and about the distinctions between natural and man-made complexity; it teaches us to know the virtues of adaptation and to see the future as a set of possibilities rather than a scripted scenario.
Nicholas de Monchaux is Assistant Professor of Architecture at the College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley. His work has appeared in the architectural journal Log, the New York Times, the New York Times Magazine, Architectural Digest, and other publications. How the twenty-one-layer Apollo spacesuit, made by Playtex, was a triumph of intimacy over engineering.
March 7 x 9, 368 pp. 140 color illus $34.95T/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01520-2
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THE END OF ENERGY
Forty years of energy incompetence: villains, failures of leadership, and missed opportunities.
The Unmaking of America’s Environment, Security, and Independence Michael J. Graetz
Americans take for granted that when we flip a switch the light will go on, when we turn up the thermostat the room will get warm, and when we pull up to the pump gas will be plentiful and relatively cheap. In The End of Energy, Michael Graetz shows us that we have been living an energy delusion for forty years. Until the 1970s, we produced domestically all the oil we needed to run our power plants, heat our homes, and fuel our cars. Since then, we have had to import most of the oil we use, much of it from the Middle East. And we rely on an even dirtier fuel — coal — to produce half of our electricity. Graetz describes more than forty years of energy policy incompetence — from the Nixon administration’s fumbled response to the OPEC oil embargo through the failure to develop alternative energy sources to the current political standoff over “cap and trade” — and argues that we must make better decisions for our energy future. Rather than pushing policies that, over time, would produce the changes we need, presidents have swung for the fences, wasting billions seeking a technological “silver bullet” to solve all our problems. Congress has continually elevated narrow parochial interests over our national goals, directing huge subsidies and tax breaks to favored constituents and contributors. And, despite thousands of pages of energy legislation since the 1970s, Americans have never been asked to pay a price that reflects the real cost of the energy they consume. Until we face the facts about price, our energy incompetence will continue — and along with it the unraveling of our environment, security, and independence.
Michael J. Graetz is Isidor and Seville Sulzbacher Professor of Law and Columbia Alumni Professor of Tax Law at Columbia University. His other books include Death by a Thousand Cuts: The Fight over Taxing Inherited Wealth.
April 6 x 9, 400 pp. 5 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01567-7
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THE FATE OF GREENLAND
Lessons from Abrupt Climate Change Philip Conkling, Richard Alley, Wallace Broecker, and George Denton photographs by Gary Comer
Viewed from above, Greenland offers an endless vista of whiteness interrupted only by scattered ponds of azure-colored melt water. Ninety percent of Greenland is covered by ice; its ice sheet, the largest outside Antarctica, stretches almost 1,000 miles from north to south and 600 miles from east to west. But this stark view of ice and snow is changing — and changing rapidly. Greenland’s ice sheet is melting; the dazzling, photogenic display of icebergs breaking off Greenland’s rapidly melting glaciers has become a tourist attraction. The Fate of Greenland documents Greenland’s warming with dramatic color photographs and investigates Greenland’s climate history for clues about what happens when climate change is abrupt rather than gradual. Geological evidence suggests that Greenland has already been affected by two dramatic changes in climate: the Medieval Warm Period, when warm temperatures in Northern Europe enabled Norse exploration and settlements in Greenland; and the Little Ice Age that followed and apparently wiped out the settlements. Greenland’s climate past and present could presage our climate future. Abrupt climate change would be cataclysmic: the melting of Greenland’s ice shelf would cause sea levels to rise twenty-four feet worldwide; lower Manhattan would be underwater and Florida’s coastline would recede to Orlando. The planet appears to be in a period of acute climate instability, exacerbated by carbon dioxide we pour into the atmosphere. As this book makes clear, it is in all of our interests to pay attention to Greenland.
Philip Conkling is Founder and President of the Island Institute in Maine. Richard Alley, a glaciologist, is Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences and Associate of the Earth and Environmental Systems Institute at Penn State. Wallace Broecker, an oceanographer, is Newberry Professor of Geology at Columbia University and a winner of the Crafoord Prize in Geosciences. George Denton, a geologist, is Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary Studies at the University of Maine. Experts discuss how Greenland’s warming climate — seen in its melting ice sheets and retreating glaciers — could affect the rest of the world.
May 8 x 9, 240 pp. 78 illus., color throughout $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01564-6
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AMERICA’S ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CARD
Are We Making the Grade?
An accessible overview of the most important environmental issues facing the United States, with new and updated material.
Americans are concerned about the state of the environment, and yet polls show that many have lost faith in both scientists’ and politicians’ ability to solve environmental problems. In America’s Environmental Report Card, Harvey Blatt sorts through the deluge of conflicting information about the environment and offers an accessible overview of the environmental issues that are most important to Americans today. Blatt has thoroughly updated this second edition, revising and adding new material. He looks at water supplies and new concerns about water purity; the dangers of floods (increased by widespread logging and abetted by glacial melting); infrastructure problems (in a new chapter devoted entirely to this subject); the leaching of garbage buried in landfills; soil, contaminated crops, and organic food; fossil fuels; alternative energy sources (in another new chapter); controversies over nuclear energy; the increasing pace of climate change; and air pollution. Along the way, he outlines ways to deal with these problems — workable and reasonable solutions that map the course to a sustainable future. America can lead the way to a better environment, Blatt argues. We are the richest nation in the world, and we can afford it — in fact, we can’t afford not to.
Harvey Blatt is the author of America’s Food: What You Don’t Know About What You Eat (MIT Press, 2008, 2011) and other books. He taught geology at the University of Houston and the University of Oklahoma for many years and is now Professor of Geology at the Institute of Earth Sciences at Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
April 6 x 9, 376 pp. 47 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51591-7
PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION
“A wonderful primer for the general reader. I’m not aware of any book that provides such a useful overview of environmental science.” — Jim Motavalli, editor, E/The Environmental Magazine “Frank but hopeful, serious but readable, this is an excellent environmental science primer.” — Publishers Weekly “A good overview for the novice environmentalist.” — Booklist
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THE TECHNO-HUMAN CONDITION
Braden R. Allenby and Daniel Sarewitz
In this latest version of humanity, we are equipped with a fully re-engineered immune system; the latest set of cultural assumptions about gender, ethnicity, and sexuality; and a suite of customized enhancements, including artificial joints, neurochemical mood modulators, and performance-boosting hormones. In The Techno-Human Condition, Braden Allenby and Daniel Sarewitz explore what it means to be human in an era of incomprehensible technological complexity. They argue that if we are to have any prospect of managing that complexity, we will need to escape the shackles of current assumptions about rationality, progress, and certainty, even as we maintain a commitment to fundamental human values. Humans have been co-evolving with their technologies since the dawn of prehistory, when tool-making and meat-eating co-evolved with brain development and social complexity. What is different now is that we have moved beyond external technological interventions to transform ourselves from the inside out — even as we also remake the Earth system itself. Coping with this new reality, say Allenby and Sarewitz, means liberating ourselves from such categories as “human,” “technological,” and “natural” to embrace a new techno-human relationship. Describing the terms of this relationship, and exploring sociotechnical systems ranging from railroads to modern military technology, Allenby and Sarewitz ultimately locate individual authenticity in the quest for a new humility in the face of the rapidly disappearing moorings of the Enlightenment.
Braden R. Allenby is Founding Director of the Center for Earth Systems Engineering and Management, Lincoln Professor of Engineering and Ethics, and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Arizona State University. He is the author of Reconstructing Earth: Technology and Environment in the Age of Humans. Daniel Sarewitz is Professor of Science and Society at Arizona State University and the author of Frontiers of Illusion. A provocative analysis of what it means to be human in an era of incomprehensible technological complexity, and change.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 256 pp. 1 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01569-1
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Why it matters that our relationship with nature is increasingly mediated and augmented by technology.
Adaptation and the Future of Human Life Peter H. Kahn, Jr.
Our forebears may have had a close connection with the natural world, but increasingly we experience technological nature. Children come of age watching nature programs on television. They inhabit virtual lands in digital games. And they play with robotic animals, purchased at big box stores. Until a few years ago, hunters could “telehunt” — shoot and kill animals in Texas from a computer anywhere in the world via a Web interface. Does it matter that much of our experience with nature is mediated and augmented by technology? In Technological Nature, Peter Kahn argues that it does, and shows how it affects our well-being. Kahn describes his investigations of children’s and adults’ experiences of cutting-edge technological nature. He and his team installed “technological nature windows” (50-inch plasma screens showing high-definition broadcasts of real-time local nature views) inside offices on his university campus and assessed the physiological and psychological effects on viewers. He studied children’s and adults’ relationships with the robotic dog AIBO (including possible benefits for children with autism). And he studied online “telegardening” (a pastoral alternative to “telehunting”). Kahn’s studies show that in terms of human well-being technological nature is better than no nature, but not as good as actual nature. We should develop and use technological nature as a bonus on life, not as its substitute, and re-envision what is beautiful and fulfilling and often wild in essence in our relationship with the natural world.
Peter H. Kahn, Jr. is Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology and Director of the Human Interaction with Nature and Technological Systems Laboratory at the University of Washington. He is the author of The Human Relationship with Nature: Development and Culture (1999, 2001) and the coeditor of Children and Nature: Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations (2002), both published by the MIT Press.
March 6 x 9, 256 pp. 17 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-11322-9
Also available THE HUMAN RELATIONSHIP WITH NATURE Development and Culture Peter H. Kahn, Jr. $32.00S/£23.95 paper 2001, 978-0-262-61170-1 CHILDREN AND NATURE Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations edited by Peter H. Kahn, Jr., and Stephen R. Kellert 2002, 978-0-262-61175-6 $34.00S/£25.95 paper
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current affairs/economics/political science
GOVERNMENT’S PLACE IN THE MARKET
As New York State Attorney General from 1998 to 2006, Eliot Spitzer successfully pursued corporate crime, including stock price inflation, securities fraud, and predatory lending practices. Drawing on those experiences, in this book Spitzer considers when and how the government should intervene in the workings of the market. The 2009 American bank bailout, he argues, was the wrong way: it understandably turned government intervention into a flashpoint for public disgust because it socialized risk, privatized benefit, and left standing institutions too big to fail, incompetent regulators, and deficient corporate governance. That’s unfortunate, because good regulatory policy, he claims, can make markets and firms work efficiently, equitably, and in service of fundamental public values. Spitzer lays out the right reasons for government intervention in the market: to guarantee transparency, to overcome market failures, and to guard our core values against the market’s unfair biases such as racism. With specific proposals to serve those ends — from improving corporate governance to making firms responsible for their own risky behavior — he offers a much-needed blueprint for the proper role of government in the market. Finally, taking account of regulatory changes since the crash of 2008, he suggests how to rebuild public trust in government so real change is possible. Responses to Spitzer by Sarah Binder, Andrew Gelman and John Sides, Dean Baker, and Robert Johnson, raise issues of politics, ideology, and policy.
Eliot Spitzer served as the 54th Governor of New York from January 2007 until his resignation on March 17, 2008. In October 2010 he will launch a talk show on CNN with conservative analyst Kathleen Parker. In his first book, the former New York governor and current CNN cohost offers a manifesto on the economy and the public interest.
March 4 1/2 x 7, 96 pp. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01570-7 A Boston Review Book
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INSIDE THE FED
Monetary Policy and Its Management, Martin through Greenspan to Bernanke
An insider’s account of the workings of the Federal Reserve, thoroughly updated to encompass the Fed’s action (and inaction) during the recent financial meltdown.
Stephen H. Axilrod
Stephen Axilrod is the ultimate Federal Reserve insider. He worked at the Fed’s Board of Governors for more than thirty years and after that in private markets and as a consultant on monetary policy. With Inside the Fed, he offers his unique perspective on the inner workings of the Federal Reserve System during the last fifty years — writing about personalities as much as policy — based on his knowledge and observations of every Fed chairman since 1951. This new, post-financial meltdown edition offers his assessment of the Fed’s action (and inaction) during the crisis and expanded coverage of the Fed in the Bernanke era. In this edition, Axilrod gives an account of the Fed’s dramatic, even mindbending, experiences in the great credit crisis of 2007–2009. He assesses the full range of the Fed’s unusual and innovative actions during the crisis and the beginnings of its aftermath. He questions whether the Fed used its monetary and regulatory powers to full effect to minimize and contain the disruption of the nation’s — and the world’s — financial stability. And, in an entirely new chapter, he evaluates Bernanke’s performance through his full first term (as well as the early part of his second) in light of his actions during the crisis. In later chapters he also reevaluates the image, stature, and structure of the Fed in the aftermath of the crisis and the new comprehensive financial legislation subsequently enacted. Great leadership in monetary policy, Axilrod says, is determined not by pure economic sophistication but by the ability to push through political and social barriers to achieve a paradigm shift in policy — and by the courage and bureaucratic moxie to pull it off.
Stephen H. Axilrod worked from 1952 to 1986 at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in Washington, D.C., rising to Staff Director for Monetary and Financial Policy and Staff Director and Secretary of the Federal Open Market Committee, the Fed’s main monetary policy arm. Since 1986 he has worked in private markets and as a consultant on monetary policy with foreign monetary authorities.
March 6 x 9, 240 pp. 2 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01562-2
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REFORMING U.S. FINANCIAL MARKETS
Two top economists outline distinctive approaches to post-crisis financial reform.
Reflections Before and Beyond Dodd–Frank Randall S. Kroszner and Robert J. Shiller edited and with an introduction by Benjamin M. Friedman
Over the last few years, the financial sector has experienced its worst crisis since the 1930s. The collapse of major firms, the decline in asset values, the interruption of credit flows, the loss of confidence in firms and credit market instruments, the intervention by governments and central banks: all were extraordinary in scale and scope. In this book, leading economists Randall Kroszner and Robert Shiller discuss what the United States should do to prevent another such financial meltdown. Their discussion goes beyond the nuts and bolts of legislative and regulatory fixes to consider fundamental changes in our financial arrangements. Kroszner and Shiller offer two distinctive approaches to financial reform, with Kroszner providing a systematic analysis of regulatory gaps and Shiller addressing the broader concerns of democratizing and humanizing finance. Kroszner focuses on key areas for reform, including credit rating agencies and the mortgage securitization market. Shiller argues that reform must serve to make the full power of financial theory work for everyone — bringing the technology of finance to bear on managing risk, for example — and should acknowledge the reality of human nature. After brief discussions by four commentators, Kroszner and Shiller each offer a response to the other’s proposals, creating a fruitful dialogue between two major figures in the field.
Randall S. Kroszner is Norman R. Bobins Professor of Economics in the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. He served as a Governor of the Federal Reserve System from March 2006 until January 2009. Robert J. Shiller is Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics at Yale University. He is the author of Irrational Exuberance, Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism (with George B. Akerlof), and other books. Benjamin M. Friedman is William Joseph Maier Professor of Political Economy at Harvard University and the author of The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 160 pp. $19.95T/£14.95 cloth 978-0-262-01545-5 The Alvin Hansen Symposium on Public Policy at Harvard University
Benjamin M. Friedman George G. Kaufman Robert C. Pozen Hal S. Scott Also available in this series OFFSHORING OF AMERICAN JOBS What Response from U.S. Economic Policy? Jagdish Bhagwati and Alan S. Blinder edited and with an introduction by Benjamin M. Friedman 2009, 978-0-262-01332-1 $18.95T/£14.95 cloth
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Evolving Captive Center Models Ilan Oshri
In today’s globalized economy, firms often consider offshoring when confronted by rising costs and fierce competition. One mode of offshoring has continued to grow despite the current global economic turmoil: the captive center. Captive centers are offshore subsidiaries or branch offices that provide the parent company with services, usually in the form of back-office activities. In Offshoring Strategies, Ilan Oshri examines the evolution of the captive center. He identifies basic captive center models, examines the captive center strategies pursued by Fortune Global 250 firms, describes current captive center trends, and offers detailed individual case studies that illustrate each model. His analysis highlights the strategic paths available to firms that want to maximize the returns offered by captive centers. Oshri outlines six models for captive centers that range from the basic wholly owned branch office to hybrids and joint ventures and identifies evolutionary paths along which the basic model develops. He analyzes firms’ strategies during initial set-up, then tracks the changes as strategies evolve to meet different business needs. The case studies, all based on the Fortune Global 250, include the development of a basic captive unit into a complex hybrid structure; the evolution of a captive center into a shared service center offering services to other international firms; the divestment of a captive center to a private equity firm; and the migration of a captive center to a location where costs were lower.
Ilan Oshri is Associate Professor of Strategy and Technology Management at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University. He is the coauthor of The Handbook of Global Outsourcing and Offshoring and Outsourcing Global Services: Knowledge, Innovation and Social Capital, and other books. The evolution of a rapidly growing mode of offshoring, captive centers: basic models, strategies, and case studies of Fortune Global 250 firms.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 288 pp. 53 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01560-8
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CAPTIVE CENTER MODELS
Basic captive center: wholly owned subsidiary or branch office Shared captive center: also services outside clients Hybrid captive center: outsources operations to outside local vendor Divested captive center: sold by parent firm Terminated captive center: closed down by parent firm Migrated captive center: moved to another location
An evolutionary and cognitive account of the addictive mind candy that is humor.
Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel C. Dennett, and Reginald B. Adams, Jr.
Some things are funny — jokes, puns, sitcoms, Charlie Chaplin, The Far Side, Malvolio with his yellow garters crossed — but why? Why does humor exist in the first place? Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks, watching The Simpsons? In Inside Jokes, Matthew Hurley, Daniel Dennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective. Humor, they propose, evolved out of a computational problem that arose when our long-ago ancestors were furnished with open-ended thinking. Mother Nature — aka natural selection — cannot just order the brain to find and fix all our time-pressured mis-leaps and near-misses. She has to bribe the brain with pleasure. So we find them funny. This wired-in source of pleasure has been tickled relentlessly by humorists over the centuries, and we have become addicted to the endogenous mind candy that is humor. Hurley, Dennett, and Adams describe the evolutionary reasons for humor and for laughter. They examine why humor is pleasurable and desirable, often sharable, surprising, playful, nonsensical, and insightful. They give an “inside,” mechanistic account of the cognitive and emotional apparatus that provides the humor experience, and use it to explain the wide variety of things that are found to be humorous. They also provide a preliminary sketch of an emotional and computational model of humor, arguing (Star Trek’s Data to the contrary) that any truly intelligent computational agent could not be engineered without humor.
Matthew M. Hurley is researching emotions and creativity under Douglas R. Hofstadter at the Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition at Indiana University. Daniel C. Dennett is University Professor and Austin B. Fletcher Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University. He is the author of Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness (MIT Press, 2005, 2006) and other books. Reginald B. Adams, Jr., is Assistant Professor of Psychology at Penn State University.
May 6 x 9, 344 pp. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01582-0
Also available SWEET DREAMS Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness Daniel C. Dennett 2006, 978-0-262-54191-6 $17.95T/£13.95 paper
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THE SECRET WAR BETWEEN DOWNLOADING AND UPLOADING
Tales of the Computer as Culture Machine Peter Lunenfeld
The computer, writes Peter Lunenfeld, is the twenty-first century’s culture machine. It is a dream device, serving as the mode of production, the means of distribution, and the site of reception. We haven’t quite achieved the flying cars and robot butlers of futurist fantasies, but we do have a machine that can function as a typewriter and a printing press, a paintbrush and a gallery, a piano and a radio, the mail as well as the mail carrier. But, warns Lunenfeld, we should temper our celebration with caution; we are engaged in a secret war between downloading and uploading — between passive consumption and active creation — and the outcome will shape our collective futures. In The Secret War Between Downloading and Uploading, Lunenfeld makes his case for using digital technologies to shift us from a consumption to a production model. He describes television as the “the high fructose corn syrup of the imagination” and worries that it can cause “cultural diabetes”; prescribes mindful downloading, meaningful uploading, and “info-triage” as cures; and offers tips for crafting “bespoke futures” in what he terms the era of “Web n.0” (interconnectivity to the nth power). He also offers a stand-alone genealogy of digital visionaries, distilling a history of the culture machine that runs from the Patriarchs (Vannevar Bush’s WWII generation) to the Hustlers (Bill Gates and Steve Jobs) to the Searchers (Larry Page and Sergey Brin of Google fame). After half a century of television-conditioned consumption/downloading, Lunenfeld tells us, we now find ourselves with a vast new infrastructure for uploading. We simply need to find the will to make the best of it.
Peter Lunenfeld is a Professor in the Design Media Arts Department at UCLA. He is the author of Snap to Grid: A User’s Guide to Digital Arts, Media, and Cultures (2000, 2001) and User: InfoTechnoDemo (2005), and the editor of The Digital Dialectic: New Essays on New Media (1999, 2000) all published by the MIT Press. As we hurtle into the twenty-first century, will we be passive downloaders of content or active uploaders of meaning?
March 5 3/8 x 8, 144 pp. $21.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01547-9
Also available THE DIGITAL DIALECTIC New Essays on New Media edited by Peter Lunenfeld 2000, 978-0-262-62137-3 $29.00T/£21.95 paper SNAP TO GRID A User’s Guide to Digital Arts, Media, and Cultures Peter Lunenfeld 2001, 978-0-262-62158-8 $22.00T/£16.95 paper USER InfoTechnoDemo Peter Lunenfeld 2005, 978-0-262-62198-4 $25.95T/£19.95 paper
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DIGITAL DEAD END
The realities of the high-tech global economy for women and families in the United States.
Fighting for Social Justice in the Information Age Virginia Eubanks
The idea that technology will pave the road to prosperity has been promoted through both boom and bust. Today we are told that universal broadband access, high-tech jobs, and cutting-edge science will pull us out of our current economic downturn and move us toward social and economic equality. In Digital Dead End, Virginia Eubanks argues that to believe this is to engage in a kind of magical thinking: a technological utopia will come about simply because we want it to. This vision of the miraculous power of high-tech development is driven by flawed assumptions about race, class, and gender. The realities of the information age are more complicated, particularly for poor and working-class women and families. Describing her attempts to create technology training programs with a community of resourceful women living at her local YWCA, Eubanks shows that information technology can be both a tool of liberation and a means of oppression. High-tech jobs for women in the YWCA community are data entry positions that pay $7 an hour. At work, their supervisors monitor every keystroke. The state offers limited social service benefits in exchange for high-tech monitoring and surveillance of their lives, families, and communities. Despite the inequities of the high-tech global economy, optimism and innovation flourished when Eubanks and the women in the YWCA community collaborated to make technology serve social justice. Eubanks describes a new approach to creating a broadly inclusive and empowering “technology for people,” popular technology, which entails shifting the focus from teaching technical skill to nurturing critical technological citizenship, building resources for learning, and fostering social movement.
Virginia Eubanks is the cofounder of Our Knowledge, Our Power (OKOP), a grassroots anti-poverty and welfare rights organization, and teaches in the Department of Women’s Studies at the University at Albany, SUNY. She edited the cyberfeminist ‘zine Brillo and was active in the community technology center movements in the San Francisco Bay Area and Troy, NY.
March 6 x 9, 288 pp. 27 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01498-4
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LAB COATS IN HOLLYWOOD
Science, Scientists, and Cinema David A. Kirby
Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey, released in 1968, is perhaps the most scientifically accurate film ever produced. The film presented such a plausible, realistic vision of space flight that many moon hoax proponents believe that Kubrick staged the 1969 moon landing using the same studios and techniques. Kubrick’s scientific verisimilitude in 2001 came courtesy of his science consultants — including two former NASA scientists — and the more than sixty-five companies, research organizations, and government agencies that offered technical advice. Although most filmmakers don’t consult experts as extensively as Kubrick, films ranging from A Beautiful Mind and Contact to Finding Nemo and The Hulk have achieved some degree of scientific credibility because of science consultants. In Lab Coats in Hollywood, David Kirby examines the interaction of science and cinema: how science consultants make movie science plausible, how filmmakers negotiate scientific accuracy within production constraints, and how movies affect popular perceptions of science. Of course, accurate science is only important to filmmakers if they believe it generates entertainment value. Scientific expertise, Kirby points out, is most valuable to filmmakers as a tool to help them utilize their own creative expertise. Drawing on interviews and archival material, Kirby examines such science consulting tasks as fact checking, shaping visual iconography, advising actors, enhancing plausibility, creating dramatic situations, and placing science in its cultural contexts. Kirby finds that cinema can influence science as well: Depictions of science in popular films can promote research agendas, stimulate technological development, contribute to scientific controversies, and even stir citizens into political action.
David A. Kirby is Lecturer in Science Communication Studies at the Centre for History of Science, Technology, and Medicine at the University of Manchester, England. How science consultants make movie science plausible, in films ranging from 2001: A Space Odyssey to Finding Nemo.
March 6 x 9, 280 pp. 75 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01478-6
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SURVEILLANCE OR SECURITY?
How, in the name of greater security, our current electronic surveillance policies are creating major security risks.
The Risks Posed by New Wiretapping Technologies Susan Landau
Digital communications are the lifeblood of modern society. We “meet up” online, tweet our reactions millions of times a day, connect through social networking rather than in person. Large portions of business and commerce have moved to the Web, and much of our critical infrastructure, including the electric power grid, is controlled online. This reliance on information systems leaves us highly exposed and vulnerable to cyberattack. Despite this, U.S. law enforcement and national security policy remain firmly focused on wiretapping and surveillance. But, as cybersecurity expert Susan Landau argues in Surveillance or Security?, the old surveillance paradigms do not easily fit the new technologies. By embedding eavesdropping mechanisms into communication technology itself, we are building tools that could be turned against us. Such attacks have already happened. Law-enforcement wiretapping capabilities built into the Greek Vodafone network were subverted and used to listen in to communications at the highest levels of the Greek government; a system built for wiretapping Internet-based communications was shown to have serious flaws that would allow a similar subversion. Landau argues that in embarking on an unprecedented effort to build surveillance capabilities deeply into communications infrastructure, the U.S. government is opting for short-term security and creating dangerous long-term risks. Landau describes what makes communications security hard, warrantless wiretapping and the role of electronic surveillance in the war on terror, the economic threats posed by electronic spying, and the risks created by embedding wiretapping into communications networks. How can we get communications security right? Landau offers a set of principles to govern wiretap policy that will allow us to protect our national security as well as our freedom.
Susan Landau is the coauthor (with Whitfield Diffie) of Privacy on the Line: The Politics of Wiretapping and Encryption (MIT Press, updated and expanded edition, 2007, 2010).
April 6 x 9, 360 pp. 9 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01530-1
Also available PRIVACY ON THE LINE The Politics of Wiretapping and Encryption Updated and Expanded Edition Whitfield Diffie and Susan Landau 2010, 978-0-262-51400-2 $15.95T/£11.95 paper
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A History of Hacks and Pranks at MIT
Institute Historian T. F. Peterson with a new essay by Eric Bender
An MIT “hack” is an ingenious, benign, and anonymous prank or practical joke, often requiring engineering or scientific expertise and often pulled off under cover of darkness — instances of campus mischief sometimes coinciding with April Fool’s Day, final exams, or commencement. (It should not be confused with the sometimes nonbenign phenomenon of computer hacking.) Noteworthy MIT hacks over the years include the legendary Harvard-Yale Football Game Hack (when a weather balloon emblazoned “MIT” popped out of the ground near the 50-yard line), the campus police car found perched on the Great Dome, the apparent disappearance of the Institute president’s office, and a faux cathedral (complete with stained glass windows, organ, and wedding ceremony) in a lobby. Hacks are by their nature ephemeral, although they live on in the memory of both perpetrators and spectators. Nightwork, drawing on the MIT Museum’s unique collection of hack-related photographs and other materials, describes and documents the best of MIT’s hacks and hacking culture. This generously illustrated updated edition has added coverage of such recent hacks as the cross-country abduction of rival Caltech’s cannon (a prank requiring months of planning, intricate choreography, and last-minute improvisation), a fire truck on the Dome that marked the fifth anniversary of 9/11, and numerous pokes at the celebrated Frank Gehry-designed Stata Center, and even a working solar-powered Red Line subway car on the Great Dome. Hacks have been said to express the essence of MIT, providing, as alumnus André DeHon observes, “an opportunity to demonstrate creativity and know-how in mastering the physical world.” What better way to mark the 150th anniversary of MIT’s founding than to commemorate its native ingenuity with this new edition of Nightwork?
Institute Historian T. F. Peterson continues to delight in the appearance of each new hack. Peterson is grateful to Eric Bender, science writer and former editor of MIT’s Technologyreview.com, who contributed the new essay “Hacking in the New Millennium” to this edition.
A lively introduction to MIT hacks, from the police car on the Great Dome to the abduction of the Caltech cannon.
March 8 x 9, 224 pp. 77 color illus., 65 black & white illus. $22.95T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51584-9
A WIDENING SPHERE
How MIT’s first nine presidents helped transform the Institute from a small technical school into a major research university.
Evolving Cultures at MIT Philip N. Alexander
MIT was founded in 1861 as a polytechnic institute in Boston’s Back Bay, overshadowed by its neighbor across the Charles River, Harvard University. Harvard offered a classical education to young men of America’s ruling class; the early MIT trained men (and a few women) from all parts of society as engineers for the nation’s burgeoning industries. Over the years, MIT expanded its mission and ventured into other fields — pure science, social science, the humanities — and established itself in Cambridge as Harvard’s enduring rival. In A Widening Sphere, Philip Alexander traces MIT’s evolution from polytechnic to major research institution through the lives of its first nine presidents, exploring how the ideas, outlook, approach, and personality of each shaped the school’s intellectual and social cultures. Alexander describes, among other things, the political skill and entrepreneurial spirit of founder and first president, William Rogers; institutional growing pains under John Runkle; Francis Walker’s campaign to broaden the curriculum, especially in the social sciences, and to recruit first-rate faculty; James Crafts, whose heart lay in research, not administration; Henry Pritchett’s thwarted effort to merge with Harvard (after which he decamped to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching); Richard Maclaurin’s successful strategy to move the institute to Cambridge, after considering other sites (including a golf club in Brighton); the brilliant, progressive Ernest Nichols, who succumbed to chronic illness and barely held office; Samuel Stratton’s push towards a global perspective; and Karl Compton’s vision for a new kind of Institute — a university polarized around science and technology. Through these interlocking yet independent portraits, Alexander reveals the inner workings of a complex and dynamic community of innovators.
Philip N. Alexander is a Research Associate in the Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies at MIT.
March 6 x 9, 432 pp. 45 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01563-9
Also available MIND AND HAND The Birth of MIT Julius A. Stratton and Loretta H. Mannix 2005, 978-0-262-19524-9 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth
MENS ET MANIA
The MIT Nobody Knows Samuel Jay Keyser foreword by Lawrence S. Bacow
When Jay Keyser arrived at MIT in 1977 to head the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, he writes, he “felt like a fish that had been introduced to water for the first time.” At MIT, a colleague grabbed him by the lapels to discuss dark matter; Noam Chomsky called him “boss” (double SOB spelled backward?); and engaging in conflict resolution made him feel like “a marriage counselor trying to reconcile a union between a Jehovah’s witness and a vampire.” In Mens et Mania, Keyser recounts his academic and administrative adventures during a career of more than thirty years. Keyser describes the administrative side of his MIT life, not only as department head but also as Associate Provost and Special Assistant to the Chancellor. Keyser had to run a department (“budgets were like horoscopes”) and negotiate student grievances — from the legality of showing Deep Throat in a dormitory to the uproar caused by the arrests of students for anti-apartheid demonstrations. Keyser also describes a visiting Japanese delegation horrified by the disrepair of the Linguistics offices (Chomsky tells them “Our motto is: Physically shabby. Intellectually first class.”); convincing a student not to jump off the roof of the Green Building; and recent attempts to look at MIT through a corporate lens. And he explains the special faculty-student bond at MIT: the faculty sees the students as themselves thirty years earlier. Keyser observes that MIT is hard to get into and even harder to leave, for faculty as well as for students. Writing about retirement, Keyser quotes the song Groucho Marx sang in Animal Crackers as he was leaving a party — “Hello, I must be going.” Students famously say “Tech is hell.” Keyser says, “It’s been a helluva party.” This entertaining and thought-provoking memoir will make readers glad that Keyser hasn’t quite left.
Samuel Jay Keyser is Professor Emeritus in MIT’s Department of Linguistics and Philosophy and Special Assistant to the Chancellor. Head of the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy from 1977 to 1998, he also held the positions of Director of the Center for Cognitive Science and Associate Provost. A memoir of MIT life, from being Noam Chomsky’s boss to negotiating with student protesters.
April 5 3/8 x 8, 264 pp. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01594-3
The intersecting worlds of Zellig Harris, Noam Chomsky’s intellectual and political mentor.
From American Linguistics to Socialist Zionism Robert F. Barsky
In 1995, Robert Barsky met with Noam Chomsky to discuss his work-in-progress, Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent (MIT Press, 1997). Chomsky told Barsky that he should focus his attention instead on midcentury linguist and activist Zellig Harris, who was, Chomsky modestly insisted, more interesting than Chomsky himself. Intrigued, Barsky began to research Harris (1909–1992) and discovered the story of a major figure in American intellectual life “sitting in a corner in the middle of the room” — part of crucial twentieth-century conversations about language, technology, labor, politics, and Zionism. The intersecting worlds of Harris’s intellectual and political activities were populated by such figures as Louis Brandeis, Albert Einstein, Franz Boas, Nathan Glazer, and Chomsky. Barsky describes Harris’s work in language studies, and his pioneering ideas about discourse analysis, structural linguistics, and information representation. He also discusses Harris’s part in the pre-1948 Zionist movement — when many Jews on the Left envisioned a socialist Palestine that would be a haven not only for persecuted Jews but also for disenfranchised Arabs and anyone seeking a sanctuary against oppression — and recounts Harris’s debates on the subject with Brandeis, Einstein, and a large group of students involved with a Zionist organization called Avukah. And Barsky describes Harris’s views on capitalism, worker-owner relations, and worker self-management, the legacy of which can be found in some of his students’ writings, notably those of Seymour Melman. Barsky shows how Harris, as mentor, teacher, and colleague, powerfully influenced figures who came to dominate the twentieth century’s political discussion — thinkers as different as Noam Chomsky and Nathan Glazer.
Robert F. Barsky is Professor of English, French, European, and Jewish Studies at Vanderbilt University. He is the author of Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent (1997, 1998) and The Chomsky Effect: A Radical Works Beyond the Ivory Tower (2007, 2009), both published by the MIT Press.
April 6 x 9, 328 pp. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01526-4
Also available NOAM CHOMSKY A Life of Dissent Robert F. Barsky 1998, 978-0-262-52255-7 $21.95T/£16.95 paper THE CHOMSKY EFFECT A Radical Works Beyond the Ivory Tower Robert F. Barsky 2009, 978-0-262-51316-6 $15.95T/£11.95 paper
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An Experimental Memoir J. Allan Hobson
J. Allan Hobson’s scientific experimentation began in childhod, with a soot-filled investigation into the capacity of a chimney to admit Santa Claus. (He discovered that even with the damper open the chimney was far too narrow.) Hobson’s life as an experimentalist has continued through a pioneering career devoted to aligning psychology and biology and to investigating the relationship of dreaming and consciousness. In Dream Life, Hobson conducts an experimental investigation into his life and work. Hobson charts his developing consciousness through a vividly imagined conception (in October of 1932), birth, and babyhood, offering a theory about “protoconsciousness” in fetuses and infants. He recounts his youthful zeal for scientific discovery, his early sexual experimentation, and his education. He describes taking on the entrenched Freudians at Harvard Medical School in the 1950s, as a maverick psychiatrist who wanted to replace psychoanalysis with biological science. He describes his further studies, his marriages and love affairs, his travels, and what he learned about the brain from his whiplashinduced amnesia after a 1963 automobile accident and from his “brain death” after a stroke in 2001. Through it all, Hobson uses his life as the ultimate case study for his theory that REM sleep provides a test pattern that allows the brain to develop “offline.” Dreams — most intense in REM sleep, when the brain is active — need no Freudian-style decoding, he says. Dreaming is a glorious mental state, to be enjoyed and studied for what it tells us about consciousness.
J. Allan Hobson is Professor of Psychiatry, Emeritus, at Harvard Medical School. He is the author of The Dreaming Brain: How the Brain Creates Both the Sense and the Nonsense of Dreams, Dreaming as Delirium: How the Brain Goes Out of Its Mind (MIT Press, 1999), The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness (MIT Press, 1999, 2001), and other books. A pioneer in sleep and dream science surveys his life and work through the lens of dreaming and consciousness.
March 6 x 9, 304 pp. 30 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01532-5
Also available THE DREAM DRUGSTORE Chemically Altered States of Consciousness J. Allan Hobson 2001, 978-0-262-58220-9 $24.00T/£17.95 paper
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PERPLEXITIES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
A philosopher argues that we know little about our own inner lives.
March 6 x 9, 240 pp. 6 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01490-8 A Bradford Book
Also available DESCRIBING INNER EXPERIENCE? Proponent Meets Skeptic Russell T. Hurlburt and Eric Schwitzgebel 2007, 978-0-262-08366-9 $36.00S/£26.95 cloth
Do you dream in color? If you answer Yes, how can you be sure? Before you recount your vivid memory of a dream featuring all the colors of the rainbow, consider that in the 1950s, researchers found that most people reported dreaming in black and white. In the 1960s — when most movies were in color and more people had color television sets — the vast majority of reported dreams contained color. The most likely explanation for this, according to philosopher Eric Schwitzgebel, is not that exposure to black-and-white media made people misremember their dreams. It is that we simply don’t know whether or not we dream in color. In Perplexities of Consciousness, Schwitzgebel examines various aspects of inner life — dreams, mental imagery, emotions, and other subjective phenomena — and argues that we know very little about our stream of conscious experience. In fact, he contends, we are prone to gross error about our ongoing emotional, visual, and cognitive experiences. Western philosophical tradition is nearly unanimous on the accuracy of our knowledge or current conscious experience. Schwitzgebel is skeptical. Drawing broadly from historical and recent philosophy and psychology to examine such topics as visual perspective, human echolocation (about which he is doubtful), and the unreliability of introspection even about emotional states (do we really enjoy Christmas? a family dinner?), he finds us singularly inept in our judgments about conscious experience.
Eric Schwitzgebel, Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Riverside, is the coauthor (with Russell T. Hurlburt) of Describing Inner Experience? Proponent Meets Skeptic (MIT Press, 2007).
An Alternative Space for Art Gwen Allen
Magazine publishing is an exercise in ephemerality and transience; each issue goes out in the world only to be rendered obsolete by the next. To publish a magazine is to enter into a heightened relationship with the present moment. During the 1960s and 1970s, magazines became an important new site of artistic practice, functioning as an alternative exhibition space for the dematerialized practices of conceptual art. Artists created works expressly for these mass-produced, hand-editioned pages, using the ephemerality and the materiality of the magazine to challenge the conventions of both artistic medium and gallery. In Artists’ Magazines, Gwen Allen looks at the most important of these magazines in their heyday (the 1960s to the 1980s) and compiles a comprehensive, illustrated directory of hundreds of others. Among the magazines Allen examines are Aspen (1965–1971), a multimedia magazine in a box — issues included Super-8 films, flexi-disc records, critical writings, artists’ postage stamps, and collectible chapbooks; 0 to 9 (1967–1969), a mimeographed poetry magazine founded by Vito Acconci and Bernadette Meyer; FILE (1972–1989), founded by the Canadian collective General Idea, its cover design a sly parody of Life magazine; and Interfunktionen (1968–1975), founded to protest the conservative curatorial strategies of Documenta. These and the other magazines Allen examines expressed their differences from mainstream media in both form and content: they cast their homemade, DIY quality against the slickness of an Artforum, and they created work that defied the formalist orthodoxy of the day. (A work by John Baldessari from the late 1960s shows a photograph of Artforum, captioned “THIS IS NOT TO BE LOOKED AT.”) Artists’ Magazines, featuring abundant color illustrations of magazine covers and content, offers an essential guide to a little-explored medium.
Gwen Allen is Assistant Professor of Art History at San Francisco State University. Her writings have appeared in such publications as Artforum, Art Journal, and Umbrella. How artists’ magazines, in all their ephemerality, materiality, and temporary intensity, challenged mainstream art criticism and the gallery system.
March 7 1/2 x 10, 376 pp. 125 color illus. $34.95T/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01519-6
Aspen, 1965–1971 0 to 9, 1967–1969 Avalanche, 1970–1976 Art-Rite, 1973–1978 FILE, 1972–1989 Real Life, 1979–1994 Interfunktionen, 1968–1975
TOTAL MODERNITY AND THE AVANT-GARDE IN TWENTIETH CENTURY CHINESE ART
A groundbreaking book that describes a distinctively Chinese avant-gardism and a modernity that unifies art, politics, and social life.
To the extent that Chinese contemporary art has become a global phenomenon, it is largely through the groundbreaking exhibitions curated by Minglu Gao: “China/Avant-Garde” (Beijing, 1989), “Inside Out: New Chinese Art” (Asia Society, New York, 1998), and “The Wall: Reshaping Contemporary Chinese Art” (Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 2005) among them. As the first Chinese writer to articulate a distinctively Chinese avant-gardism and modernity — one not defined by Western chronology or formalism — Gao Minglu is largely responsible for the visibility of Chinese art in the global art scene today. Contemporary Chinese artists tend to navigate between extremes, either embracing or rejecting a rich classical tradition. Indeed, for Chinese artists, the term “modernity” refers not to a new epoch or aesthetic but to a new nation — modernity inextricably connects politics to art. It is this notion of “total modernity” that forms the foundation of the Chinese avant-garde aesthetic, and of this book. Gao examines the many ways Chinese artists engaged with this intrinsic total modernity, including the ’85 Movement, Political Pop, Cynical Realism, Apartment Art, Maximalism, and “The Museum Age,” encompassing the emergence of local art museums and organizations as well as such major events as the Shanghai Biennial. He describes the inner logic of the Chinese context while locating the art within the framework of a worldwide avant-garde. He vividly describes the Chinese avant-garde’s embrace of a modernity as one that unifies politics, aesthetics, and social life, blurring the boundaries between abstraction, conception, and representation. Lavishly illustrated with color images throughout, this book will be a touchstone for all considerations of Chinese contemporary art.
Gao Minglu, a leading authority on Chinese art, teaches at the University of Pittsburgh. After leaving China in 1991, he became a leading researcher, writer, and authority on twentieth-century East Asian art.
April 8 1/2 x 11, 408 pp. 150 color illus., 173 black & white illus. $39.95T/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01494-6
CONTEMPORARY ART IN ASIA
A Critical Reader edited by Melissa Chiu and Benjamin Genocchio
In 2008, Asian artists stormed the citadel of the New York art world when two major museums presented retrospectives of Asian contemporary artists: Cai Guo-Qiang at the Guggenheim Museum and Takashi Murakami at the Brooklyn Museum. Meanwhile, in Hong Kong, a painting by Zeng Fanzhi sold for $9.5 million, setting a new world auction record for Chinese contemporary art. The Western art world is still coming to grips with the fact: it is all about Asia now. This book is the first anthology of critical writings to map the shift in both the nature and the reception of Asian art over the past twenty years. Offering texts by leading figures in the field (mostly Asian), and including more than fifty illustrations in color and black and white, it covers developments in East Asia (including China, Korea, and Japan), South Asia (including India and Pakistan), and Southeast Asia (including Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand). Together, the twenty-three texts posit a historical and pan-Asian response to the question, “What is Asian contemporary art?” Considering such topics as Asian modernism (“productive mistranslation” of the European original), Asian cubism, and the curating, collecting, and criticism of Asian contemporary art, this book promises to be a foundational reference for many years to come.
Melissa Chiu is Museum Director and Vice President of Global Art Programs at the Asia Society in New York. Benjamin Genocchio is a former art critic for the New York Times and is currently Editor-in-Chief of Art + Auction and Modern Painters magazine. This foundational anthology maps the emergence of a dynamic new global phenomenon: contemporary Asian art.
March 7 x 9, 448 pp. 16 color illus., 38 black & white illus. $29.95T/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51623-5
Alternative ideas for a “smart” city, from a park bench that enforces time limits by ejecting the sitter to “electronically assisted” plants that encourage conservation.
Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space edited by Mark Shepard
Our cities are “smart” and getting smarter as information processing capability is embedded throughout more and more of our urban infrastructure. Few of us object to traffic light control systems that respond to the ebbs and flows of city traffic; but we might be taken aback when discount coupons for our favorite espresso drink are beamed to our mobile phones as we walk past a Starbucks. Sentient City explores the experience of living in a city that can remember, correlate, and anticipate. Five teams of architects, artists, and technologists imagine a variety of future interactions that take place as computing leaves the desktop and spills out onto the sidewalks, streets, and public spaces of the city. “Too Smart City” employs city furniture as enforcers: a bench ejects a sitter who sits too long, a sign displays the latest legal codes and warns passersby against transgression, and a trashcan throws back the wrong kind of trash. “Amphibious Architecture” uses underwater sensors and lights to create a human-fish-environment feedback loop; “Natural Fuse” uses a network of “electronically assisted” plants to encourage energy conservation; “Trash Track” follows smart-tagged garbage on its journey through the city’s waste-management system; and “Breakout” uses wireless technology and portable infrastructure to make the entire city a collaborative workplace. These projects are described, documented, and illustrated by 100 images, most in color. Essays by prominent thinkers put the idea of the sentient city in theoretical context.
Mark Shepard is Assistant Professor of Architecture and Media Study at the University at Buffalo, University of New York, and an editor of the Situated Technologies pamphlet series, published by the Architecture League of New York.
March 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, 200 pp. 80 color illus. 20 black & white illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51586-3 Copublished with the Architectural League of New York
Keller Easterling, Matthew Fuller, Anne Galloway, Dan Hill, Omar Khan, Saskia Sassen, Trebor Scholz, Hadas Steiner, Kazys Varnelis, Martijn de Waal, Mimi Zeiger
THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ABSOLUTE ARCHITECTURE
Pier Vittorio Aureli
In The Possibility of an Absolute Architecture, Pier Vittorio Aureli proposes that a sharpened formal consciousness in architecture is a precondition for political, cultural, and social engagement with the city. Aureli uses the term absolute not in the conventional sense of “pure,” but to denote something that is resolutely itself after being separated from its other. In the pursuit of the possibility of an absolute architecture, the other is the space of the city, its extensive organization, and its government. Politics is agonism through separation and confrontation; the very condition of architectural form is to separate and be separated. Through its act of separation and being separated, architecture reveals at once the essence of the city and the essence of itself as political form: the city as the composition of (separate) parts. Aureli revisits the work of four architects whose projects were advanced through the making of architectural form but whose concern was the city at large: Andrea Palladio, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Étienne Louis-Boullée, and Oswald Mathias Ungers. The work of these architects, Aureli argues, addressed the transformations of the modern city and its urban implications through the elaboration of specific and strategic architectural forms. Their projects for the city do not take the form of an overall plan but are expressed as an “archipelago” of site-specific interventions.
Pier Vittorio Aureli, an architect and educator, teaches at the Berlage Institute in Rotterdam and the Technical University of Delft. He is the author of The Project of Autonomy and other books. Architectural form reconsidered in light of a unitary conception of architecture and the city.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 232 pp. 58 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51579-5 Writing Architecture series
Also availalble in this series ARCHITECTURE’S DESIRE Reading the Late Avant-Garde K. Michael Hays 2009, 978-0-262-51302-9 $19.95T/£14.95 paper DRAWING FOR ARCHITECTURE Léon Krier 2009, 978-0-262-51293-0 $24.95T/£18.95 paper
THE ALPHABET AND THE ALGORITHM
The rise and fall of identical copies: digital technologies and form-making from mass customization to mass collaboration.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 184 pp. 13 illus. $21.95T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51580-1 Writing Architecture series
Also available ARCHITECTURE IN THE AGE OF PRINTING Orality, Writing, Typography, and Printed Images in the History of Architectural Theory Mario Carpo 2001, 978-0-262-03288-9 $38.00T/£28.95 cloth
Digital technologies have changed architecture — the way it is taught, practiced, managed, and regulated. But if the digital has created a “paradigm shift” for architecture, which paradigm is shifting? In The Alphabet and the Algorithm, Mario Carpo points to one key practice of modernity: the making of identical copies. Carpo highlights two examples of identicality crucial to the shaping of architectural modernity: in the fifteenth century, Leon Battista Alberti’s invention of architectural design, according to which a building is an identical copy of the architect’s design; and, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the mass production of identical copies from mechanical master models, matrixes, imprints, or molds. The modern power of the identical, Carpo argues, came to an end with the rise of digital technologies. Everything digital is variable. In architecture, this means the end of notational limitations, of mechanical standardization, and of the Albertian, authorial way of building by design. Charting the rise and fall of the paradigm of identicality, Carpo compares new forms of postindustrial digital craftsmanship to hand-making and the cultures and technologies of variations that existed before the coming of machine-made, identical copies. Carpo reviews the unfolding of digitally based design and construction from the early 1990s to the present, and suggests a new agenda for architecture in an age of variable objects and of generic and participatory authorship.
Mario Carpo is Associate Professor of Architectural History in the École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture in Paris, Professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology, and Vincent Scully Visiting Professor in Architectural History at Yale University’s School of Architecture. He is the author of Architecture in the Age of Printing: Orality, Writing, Typography, and Printed Images in the History of Architectural Theory (MIT Press, 2001) and other books.
THE FILMING OF MODERN LIFE
European Avant-Garde Film of the 1920s Malcolm Turvey
In the 1920s, the European avant-garde embraced the cinema, experimenting with the medium in radical ways. Painters including Hans Richter and Fernand Léger as well as filmmakers belonging to such avant-garde movements as Dada and surrealism made some of the most enduring and fascinating films in the history of cinema. In The Filming of Modern Life, Malcolm Turvey examines five films from the avant-garde canon and the complex, sometimes contradictory, attitudes toward modernity they express: Rhythm 21 (Hans Richter, 1921), Ballet mécanique (Dudley Murphy and Fernand Léger, 1924), Entr’acte (Francis Picabia and René Clair, 1924), Un chien andalou (Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel, 1929), and Man with a Movie Camera (Dziga Vertov, 1929). All exemplify major trends within European avant-garde cinema of the time, from abstract animation to “cinema pur.” Turvey argues that these films share a concern with modernization and the rapid, dislocating changes it was bringing about. He critically addresses major theories of the avant-garde and its relation to modern life, including the claim that film is “distracting” in the same way as a modern environment, and he challenges the standard view of the avant-garde as implacably opposed to bourgeois modernity. In fact, he writes, not only was there considerable disagreement among avant-garde movements about what aspects of modern life needed transformation, but the positions of individual avant-garde artists toward modernization were complex, even contradictory. All five films that Turvey analyzes embrace and resist, in their own ways, different aspects of modernity. Although much has been written about each of these films, The Filming of Modern Life is the first book to examine them together, illuminating their shared concern with modernization and its consequences.
Malcolm Turvey is Professor of Film History at Sarah Lawrence College and an editor of October. He is the author of Doubting Vision: Film and the Revelationist Tradition. The complex stance toward modernity taken by 1920s avant-garde cinema, as exemplified by five major films.
March 7 x 9, 232 pp. 88 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01518-9 An October Book
edited by Alex Kitnick
A collection of essays on a key figure in postminimalist art, with texts spanning thirty years.
March 6 x 9, 232 pp. 28 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51577-1 $35.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01528-8 October Files series
Also available TWO-WAY MIRROR POWER Selected Writings by Dan Graham on His Art Dan Graham edited by Alexander Alberro 1999, 978-0-262-57130-2 $25.00T/£18.95 paper DAN GRAHAM Beyond edited by Bennett Simpson and Chrissie Iles 2009, 978-1-933-75112-2 $44.95T/£28.95 paper
Since the 1960s, Dan Graham’s heterogeneous practice has touched on such disparate subjects as tract housing, the Shakers, punk music, and architectural theory; he has made videos, architectural models, closed-circuit installations, and glass pavilions. Graham, who came of age during the emergence of earth art, minimalism, and conceptualism, has situated his work on the borders between these different strains of contemporary practice. Although varying widely in subject and medium, Graham’s artwork and writings display a consistent interest in spectatorship, public-private relationships, and the constructed environment. Graham’s extensive writings on his own work (collected in Rock My Religion and Two-Way Mirror Power, both published by the MIT Press) have made him, by default, the primary interpreter of his own art. This October Files volume provides a counterweight, gathering key texts by critics and theorists that offer alternative accounts of Graham’s art. The essays span thirty years and include hard-to-find texts from exhibition catalogs and journals. The authors include such distinguished theorists, critics, and artists as Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Beatriz Colomina, Thierry de Duve, and Jeff Wall.
Alex Kitnick, a PhD candidate in the Department of Art and Architecture at Princeton University, has taught at the School of Visual Arts and Vassar College.
Benjamin H. D. Buchloh Moments of History in the Work of Dan Graham (1978) Alexander Alberro Reductivism in Reverse (1994) Birgit Pelzer Vision in Process (1979) Thierry de Duve Dan Graham and the Critique of Artistic Autonomy (1983) William Kaizen Steps to an Ecology of Communication (2008) Jeff Wall Excerpt from “Dan Graham’s Kammerspiel” (1985) John Miller Now Even the Pigs’re Groovin’ (2001) Beatriz Colomina Double Exposure: Alteration to a Suburban House (2001) Benjamin H. D. Buchloh Excerpt from “Documenta 7: A Dictionary of Received Ideas” (1982) Alexander Alberro Specters of Utopia (1996) Alex Kitnick What’s Your Type? (2009)
edited by Caleb Kelly
The “sonic turn” in recent art reflects a wider cultural awareness that sight no longer dominates our perception or understanding of contemporary reality. The background buzz of myriad mechanically reproduced sounds increasingly mediates our lives. Tuning into this incessant auditory stimulus, some of our most influential artists have investigated the corporeal, cultural, and political resonance of sound. In tandem with recent experimental music and technology, art has opened up to hitherto excluded dimensions of noise, silence, and the act of listening. Artists working with sound have engaged in new forms of aesthetic encounter with the city and nature, the everyday and cultural otherness, technological effects and psychological states. New perspectives on sound have generated a wave of scholarship in musicology, cultural studies, and the social sciences. But the equally important rise of sound in the arts since 1960 has so far been sparsely documented. This volume is the first sourcebook to provide, through original critical writings and artists’ statements, a genealogy of sonic pathways into the arts, philosophical reflections on the meanings of noise and silence, dialogues between art and music, investigations of the role of listening and acoustic space, and a comprehensive survey of sound works by international artists from the avant-garde era to the present.
Caleb Kelly is a New Zealand-born writer, curator, and producer in the fields of experimental music, sound arts, and performance. A lecturer at Sydney College of the Arts, University of Sydney, he is the author of Cracked Media: The Sound of Malfunction (MIT Press, 2009). A definitive guide to the rising status of sound in art, through original critical writings and artists’ statements.
March 5 3/4 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-51568-9 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Europe
Also available in this series THE SUBLIME edited by Simon Morley 2010, 978-0-262-51391-3 $24.95T paper CHANCE edited by Margaret Iversen 2010, 978-0-262-51392-0 $24.95T paper
ARTISTS SURVEYED INCLUDE
Marina Abramovi´ , Vito Acconci, Doug Aitken, Francis Alÿs, Maryanne c Amacher, Laurie Anderson, John Cage, Kim Cascone, Michel Chion, Martin Creed, Paul DeMarinis, Bill Fontana, Kim Gordon, Dan Graham, Ryoji Ikeda, Mike Kelley, Christina Kubisch, Mark Leckey, Bernhard Leitner, Alvin Lucier, Len Lye, Christian Marclay, Max Neuhaus, Carsten Nicolai, Hermann Nitsch, Yoko Ono, Adrian Piper, Luigi Russolo, Karin Sander, Mieko Shiomi, Michael Snow, Yasunao Tone, Bill Viola
Jacques Attali, Ralph T. Coe, Christoph Cox, Suzanne Delehanty, William Furlong, Liam Gillick, Paul Hegarty, Branden W. Joseph, Douglas Kahn, Dan Lander, Micah Lexier, W. J. T. Mitchell, Michael Nyman, Pierre Schaeffer, R. Murray Schafer, Michel Serres, David Toop, Paul Virilio
edited by Terry R. Myers
Essential writings that consider the diverse meanings of contemporary painting since its postconceptual revival.
March 5 3/4 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-51567-2 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Europe
Also available in this series FAILURE edited by Lisa Le Feuvre 2010, 978-0-262-51477-4 $24.95T paper
The “death of painting” and its subsequent resurrection in transformed conditions is a leitmotif of the modern era. Painting’s postconceptual resurgence at the start of the 1980s began a dramatic expansion of its field. If painting remains important today, it is because its contradictions have been acknowledged as artists have radically diversified the components of its production and presentation. This first anthology to focus on painting’s multiple discourses over the last three decades brings together key statements, dialogues, and debates that have moved the conversation beyond the modern/postmodern dialectic while redefining the conditions necessary for an artwork to be described as “painting.” The diversity of contemporary painting’s meanings and practices encompasses the randomness and eclecticism associated with Web-based creation. Although for many the presence of paint endures, others have argued for painting to be classed not as a material but as a philosophical category. Compiled by a leading critic of painting who actively participated in these conversations while also teaching young artists in the studio classroom, this collection ranges widely, to reflect the diversity of ways in which painting continues to be investigated and evaluated in studios, exhibition spaces, and the marketplace of ideas. These writings, statements, and interviews reflect ongoing debates and reignite questions for an as yet unimagined future of painting.
Terry R. Myers is a Chicago- and Los Angeles-based writer, educator, and independent curator. A regular contributor since 1988 to numerous international journals, including Art Review, The Brooklyn Rail, Parkett, and Modern Painters, he is the author of Mary Heilmann: Save the Last Dance for Me (Afterall Books, 2007). He is Associate Professor of Painting and Drawing at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
ARTISTS SURVEYED INCLUDE
Kai Althoff, Art & Language, Glenn Brown, Pavel Büchler, Vija Celmins, John Currin, Peter Doig, Marlene Dumas, Olafur Eliasson, Bernard Frize, Katharina Grosse, Andreas Gursky, Peter Halley, Mary Heilmann, Gary Hume, Jutta Koether, Sherrie Levine, Paul McCarthy, Suzanne McClelland, Beatriz Milhazes, Takashi Murakami, Albert Oehlen, Laura Owens, Lari Pittman, Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter, Kay Rosen, Robert Ryman, David Salle, Chéri Samba, Jim Shaw, Jessica Stockholder, Philip Taaffe, Luc Tuymans, Lee Ufan, Jeff Wall, Christopher Wool, Lisa Yuskavage
Svetlana Alpers, Daniel Birnbaum, Norman Bryson, Douglas Crimp, Gilles Deleuze, Sebastian Egenhofer, Hal Foster, Jeremy Gilbert-Rolfe, Isabelle Graw, David Joselit, Shirley Kaneda, Geeta Kapur, Thomas Lawson, Jonathan Lethem, Midori Matsui, Lane Relyea, Rene Ricard, Jerry Saltz, Mira Schor, Barry Schwabsky, Adrian Searle
A LITTLE-KNOWN STORY ABOUT A MOVEMENT, A MAGAZINE, AND THE COMPUTER’S ARRIVAL IN ART
New Tendencies and Bit International, 1961–1973 edited by Margit Rosen in collaboration with Peter Weibel, Darko Fritz, and Marija Gattin
This book documents a short but intense artistic experiment that took place in Yugoslavia fifty years ago but has been influential far beyond that time and place: the “little-known story” of the advent of computers in art. It was through the activities of the New Tendencies movement, begun in Zagreb in 1961, and its supporting institution the Galerija suvremene umjetnosti that the “thinking machine” was adopted as an artistic tool and medium. Pursuing the idea of “art as visual research,” the New Tendencies movement proceeded along a path that led from Concrete and Constructivist art, Op art, and Kinetic art to computergenerated graphics, film, and sculpture. With their exhibitions and conferences and the 1968 launch of the multilingual, groundbreaking magazine Bit International, the New Tendencies transformed Zagreb — already one of the most vibrant artistic centers in Yugoslavia — into an international meeting place where artists, engineers, and scientists from both sides of the Iron Curtain gathered around the then-new technology. For a brief moment in time, Zagreb was the epicenter of explorations of the aesthetic, scientific, and political potential of the computer. This volume documents that exhilarating period. It includes new essays by Jerko Denegri, Darko Fritz, Margit Rosen, and Peter Weibel; many texts that were first published in New Tendencies exhibition catalogs and Bit International magazine; and historic documents. More than 650 black-and-white and color illustrations testify to the astonishing diversity of the exhibited artworks and introduce the movement’s protagonists. Many of the historic photographs, translations, and documents are published here for the first time. Taken together, the images and texts offer the long overdue history of the New Tendencies experiment and its impact on the art of the twentieth century.
Margit Rosen is a Researcher and Curator for ZKM | Center for Art and Media Technology. When Zagreb was the epicenter of explorations into the aesthetic potential of the new “thinking machines.”
March 9 x 10 1/2, 560 pp. 310 color illus., 350 illus. $49.95T/£36.95 paper 978-0-262-51581-8 Copublished with ZKM | Center for Art and Media Technology
Examining a work that marked the emergence of photography as an art made for the gallery wall instead of the printed page.
Picture for Women David Campany
Jeff Wall’s Picture for Women (1979) marks the transition of photography as an art form from the printed page to the gallery wall. Before this, photographs — from the orthodox photographic work of Walker Evans to the Conceptual photography of Dan Graham — seemed intended for the page even when hung in a gallery. In Picture for Women, a woman looks outward, as if at the viewer; a camera occupies the center of the photograph; the photographer stands on the right. Modeled on Manet’s famous painting Un bar aux Folies-Bergère, in which a barmaid seems to look directly out of the painting, observed by a man on the right, Picture for Women establishes its own art historical genealogy, claiming its rightful position within the canon. Wall’s photograph is an ambitious attempt to relate the artistic and spectatorial demands of the late 1970s to a modernist pictorial art that had been too hastily rejected by Conceptualism. In this illustrated study, David Campany offers an account of Wall’s move from a Conceptual approach to a reengagement with the idea of a singular (as opposed to serial) picture. He shows that Wall’s decision to present his work as a large-scale back-lit transparency, together with his commitment to a singular image, amounted to a radical departure. He contrasts Wall’s idea of the photograph as a tableau or “picture,” inherited from the history of painting, with the works of the “Pictures Generation” — including Richard Prince, Cindy Sherman, and Jack Goldstein — and argues that Picture for Women is inseparable from the modern fate of the picture in general.
David Campany is a writer, curator, editor, and Reader in Photography at the University of Westminster, London. His books include Art and Photography, The Cinematic (MIT Press, copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, 2007), Photography and Cinema, and Jeff Wall Speaks with David Campany.
March 6 x 8 1/2, 120 pp. 30 color illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-071-6 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-070-9 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books
Also available in this series: MARCEL DUCHAMP Étant donnés Julian Jason Haladyn 2010, 978-1-84638-059-4 $16.00T/£9.95 paper RICHARD LONG A Line Made by Walking Dieter Roelstraete 2010, 978-1-84638-058-7 $16.00T/£9.95 paper MICHAEL SNOW Wavelength Elizabeth Legge 2009, 978-1-84638-056-3 $16.00T/£9.95 paper SARAH LUCAS Au Naturel Amna Malik 2009, 978-1-84638-054-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper
Conical Intersect Bruce Jenkins
Gordon Matta-Clark’s Conical Intersect (1975) was a torqued, spiraling “cut” into two derelict seventeenth-century Paris buildings adjacent to the construction site of the controversial Centre Pompidou. With this landmark work of “anarchitecture,” Matta-Clark not only opened up these venerable residences to light and air, he also began a dialogue about the nature of urban development and the public role of art. Considered three and a half decades later, Conical Intersect reveals the multivalent nature of the artist’s practice and his prescient focus on sustainability and creative reuse of the built environment. Conical Intersect and the two buildings were demolished as part of a large-scale urban renovation of the historic market district of Les Halles; today we can know the work only from drawings, photographs, and a short Super 8 film. In this illustrated study, Bruce Jenkins examines Matta-Clark’s “non-u-ment,” looking closely at the artist’s proposals, working process, various forms of documentation, and the dialogue begun by Matta-Clark’s decision to transform two abandoned buildings “into an act of communication.”
Bruce Jenkins is Professor of Film, Video, and New Media at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. He is the editor of On the Camera Arts and Consecutive Matters: The Writings of Hollis Frampton (MIT Press, 2009). A landmark work by Gordon Matta-Clark, examined as an “act of communication” about sustainability and the public role of art.
March 6 x 8 1/2, 120 pp. 30 illus. in color and black & white $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-073-0 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-072-3 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books
Also available in this series: CHRIS MARKER La Jetée Janet Harbord 2009, 978-1-84638-048-8 $16.00T/£9.95 paper GENERAL IDEA Imagevirus Gregg Bordowitz 2009, 978-1-84638-065-5 $16.00T/£9.95 paper DARA BIRNBAUM Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman T. J. Demos 2009, 978-1-84638-067-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper
Late Medieval Christianity’s encounter with miraculous materials viewed in the context of changing conceptions of matter itself.
An Essay on Religion in Late Medieval Europe Caroline Walker Bynum
In the period between 1150 and 1550, an increasing number of Christians in western Europe made pilgrimage to places where material objects — among them paintings, statues, relics, pieces of wood, earth, stones, and Eucharistic wafers — allegedly erupted into life by such activities as bleeding, weeping, and walking about. Challenging Christians both to seek ever more frequent encounters with miraculous matter and to turn to an inward piety that rejected material objects of devotion, such phenomena were by the fifteenth century at the heart of religious practice and polemic. In Christian Materiality, Caroline Walker Bynum describes the miracles themselves, discusses the problems they presented for both church authorities and the ordinary faithful, and probes the basic scientific and religious assumptions about matter that lay behind them. She also analyzes the proliferation of religious art in the later Middle Ages and argues that it called attention to its materiality in sophisticated ways that explain both the animation of images and the hostility to them on the part of iconoclasts. Seeing the Christian culture of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries as a paradoxical affirmation of the glory and the threat of the natural world, Bynum’s study suggests a new understanding of the background to the sixteenth-century reformations, both Protestant and Catholic. Moving beyond cultural study of “the body” — a field she helped to establish — Bynum argues that Western attitudes toward body and person must be placed in the context of changing conceptions of matter itself. Her study has broad theoretical implications, suggesting a new approach to the study of material culture and religious practice.
Caroline Walker Bynum is Professor of Medieval European History, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, and University Professor emerita at Columbia University. She is the author of Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion (Zone Books, 1990, 1992) and Metamorphosis and Identity (Zone Books, 2001, 2005).
June 6 x 9, 432 pp. 50 illus. $32.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-1-935408-10-9 Distributed for Zone Books
Also available from Zone Books FRAGMENTATION AND REDEMPTION Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion Caroline Walker Bynum 1992, 978-0-942299-62-5 $26.95T/£19.95 paper METAMORPHOSIS AND IDENTITY Caroline Walker Bynum 2005, 978-1-890951-23-8 $19.95T/£14.95 paper
Master Bertram, Separation of Light from Darkness and Fall of the Rebel Angels, from the Grabow Altarpiece at St. PetriChurch, Hamburg, 1379–1383 (Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz / Art Resource, NY).
In Operatic Afterlives, Michal Grover-Friedlander examines the implications of opera’s founding myth — the story of Orpheus and Eurydice: Orpheus’s attempt to revive the dead Eurydice with the power of singing. Grover-Friedlander examines instances in which opera portrays an existence beyond death, a revival of the dead, or a simultaneous presence of life and death. These portrayals — in operas by Puccini and other composers and performances by Maria Callas — are made possible, she argues, by the unique treatment of voice in the operas in question: the occurrence of a breach in which singing itself takes on an afterlife in the face of the singer’s death. This may arise from the multiplication of singing voices inhabiting the same body, from disembodied singing, from the merging of singing voices, from the disconnection of voice and character. The instances developed in the book take on added significance as they describe a reconfiguration of operatic singing itself. Singing reigns over text, musical language, and dramatic characterization. The notion of the afterlife of singing reveals the singularity of the voice in opera, and how much it differs categorically from any other elaboration of the voice. Grover-Friedlander’s examples reflect on the meanings of the operatic voice as well as on our sense of its resonating, unending, and haunting presence. Traditionally, opera kills its protagonists, but Grover-Friedlander argues that opera at times also represents the ways that the voice, singing, or song acquire their own forms of aliveness and indestructibility. Operatic Afterlives shows the ultimate power that opera grants to singing: the reversal of death.
Michal Grover-Friedlander is Professor of Musicology at Tel Aviv University and the author of Vocal Apparitions: The Attraction of Cinema to Opera. An examination of the ultimate power opera grants to singing: the reversal of death.
February 6 x 9, 272 pp. 25 musical examples, 8 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-1-935408-06-2 Distributed for Zone Books
The Yes Sayer by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht, produced by the Buchmann-Mehta School of Music, Tel Aviv University, 2010, directed by Michal Grover-Friedlander (photo: Michal Shani).
current affairs/Jewish studies
THE WORDS AND THE LAND
How the work of Israeli writers today reflects the foundation myths of a Jewish state.
Israeli Intellectuals and the Nationalist Myth Shlomo Sand translated by Ames Hodges
The idea of the Jewish nation was conceived before the organization of the Zionist movement in the nineteenth century and continued long after the creation of the state of Israel. In The Words and the Land, post-Zionist Israeli historian Shlomo Sand examines how both Jewish and Israeli intellectuals contributed to this process. One by one, he identifies and calls into question the foundation myths of the Israeli state, beginning with the myth of a people forcibly uprooted, a people-race that began to wander the world in search of a land of asylum. This was a people that would define itself on a biological and “mythological-religious” basis, embodied in words that today feed Israeli political, literary, and historical writing: “exile,” “return,” and “ascent” (Alyah) to the land of its origins. Since 1948, most intellectuals in Israel have continued to accept this ethnonational image and embrace an exclusive state identity to which only Jewish people can belong. The first challenges to this dominant idea didn’t appear in Israel until the 1980s, in the innovative work of the post-Zionist historians, who were bent on dismantling the nationalist historical myth and arguing for a state that would belong equally to all its citizens. Analyzing how Israeli intellectuals positioned themselves during the Gulf War and in the new era of communication technologies, Sand extends his analysis globally, looking at the status of intellectuals in all societies.
Shlomo Sand teaches contemporary history at Tel-Aviv University. He is the author of The Invention of the Jewish People, On the Nation and the Jewish People, and other books.
March 6 x 9, 264 pp. $16.95T/£12.95 paper 978-1-58435-096-5 Active Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) REPORTING FROM RAMALLAH An Israeli Journalist in an Occupied Land Amira Hass edited and translated by Rachel Leah Jones 2003, 978-1-58435-019-4 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
Texts and Projects, 1967–1978 edited by Craig Buckley and Jean-Louis Violeau translated by Jean-Marie Clarke preface by Sylvère Lotringer
“When the imagination reaches and oversteps the boundaries authorized by the institution of culture, we speak of poetry, of utopia . . . . When the event reaches and oversteps the boundaries authorized by judicial law and by the anomic rules, we speak of revolution.” — René Lourau The short-lived grouping of architects, sociologists, and urbanists known as Utopie, active in Paris from 1967 to 1978, was the product of several factors: the student protests for the reform of architectural education, the unprecedented expansion and replanning of the Parisian urban fabric carried out by the government of Charles de Gaulle, and the domestication of military and industrial technologies by an emerging consumer society. The group’s collaborative publications included the work of Jean Aubert, Isabelle Auricoste, Jean Baudrillard, Catherine Cot, Charles Goldblum, Jean-Paul Jungmann, Henri Lefebvre, René Lourau, Antoine Stinco, and Hubert Tonka. Offering a militant alternative to professional urban planning journals, these writers not only formulated a critique of the technocratic and administrative rule over a disabled and alienated urban society but also projected an ephemeral urban poetics. With ties to the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA) in central Paris and to the sociology department established by Henri Lefebvre at the suburban campus of Nanterre, the group challenged postwar modernization and urban planning and questioned the roles into which architects, sociologists, and urban planners had been cast. Utopie makes the group’s diverse body of theoretical work accessible in English for the first time, offering translations of more than twenty key texts. Designed in a facsimile format that follows the innovative graphic layouts of the journals, pamphlets, posters, and articles produced by Utopie, the volume not only provides the first thorough overview of the group’s activities but also seeks to capture Utopie’s linkage of architectural and urban theory to radical publication strategies.
Craig Buckley teaches at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation, where he is also the Director of Print Publications. His writing and criticism have appeared in Grey Room, the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, and other publications. Jean-Louis Violeau is a sociologist and researcher at the Architecture-Culture-Société laboratory of the Ecole d’architecture de Paris-Malaquais in Paris. Key writings and projects from the group of architects, sociologists, and urbanists known as Utopie.
April 7 x 9, 264 pp. 250 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-1-58435-095-8 Foreign Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) UTOPIA DEFERRED Writings from Utopie (1967–1978) Jean Baudrillard translated by Stuart Kendall 2006, 978-1-58435-033-0 $17.95T/£13.95 paper
WHERE ART BELONGS
A prize-winning art critic argues that the art world is the last frontier for the desire to live differently.
March 4 1/2 x 7, 160 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-098-9 Intervention Series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) ALIENS AND ANOREXIA Chris Kraus 2000, 978-1-58435-001-9 $12.95T/£9.95 paper VIDEO GREEN Los Angeles Art and the Triumph of Nothingness Chris Kraus 2004, 978-1-58435-022-4 $14.95T/£11.95 paper I LOVE DICK Chris Kraus 2006, 978-1-58435-034-7 $14.95T/£11.95 paper TORPOR Chris Kraus 2006, 978-1-58435-027-9 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
In Where Art Belongs, Chris Kraus examines artistic enterprises of the past decade that reclaim the use of lived time as a material in the creation of visual art. In four interlinked essays, Kraus expands the argument begun in her earlier book Video Green that “the art world is interesting only insofar as it reflects the larger world outside it.” Moving from New York to Berlin to Los Angeles to the Pueblo Nuevo barrio of Mexicali, Kraus addresses such subjects as the ubiquity of video, the legacy of the 1960s Amsterdam underground newspaper Suck, and the activities of the New York art collective Bernadette Corporation. She examines the uses of boredom, poetry, privatized prisons, community art, corporate philanthropy, vertically integrated manufacturing, and discarded utopias, revealing the surprising persistence of microcultures within the matrix. Chronicling the sometimes doomed but persistently heroic efforts of small groups of artists to reclaim public space and time, Where Art Belongs describes the trend towards collectivity manifested in the visual art world during the past decade, and the small forms of resistance to digital disembodiment and the hegemony of the entertainment/media/culture industry. For all its faults, Kraus argues, the art world remains the last frontier for the desire to live differently.
Chris Kraus is the author of Video Green: Los Angeles Art and the Triumph of Nothingness (2004) and the novels Aliens and Anorexia (2000), I Love Dick (new edition, 2006), and Torpor (2006), all published by Semiotext(e). The 2007 recipient of the Frank Mather Award in Art Criticism and a 2010 Warhol Foundation Arts Writer’s grant, she has taught art writing in graduate programs at University of California, Irvine, European Graduate School, Art Center College, and Columbia College Chicago.
political science/cultural studies
THIS IS NOT A PROGRAM
Tiqqun translated by Joshua David Jordan
Historical conflict no longer opposes two massive molar heaps, two classes — the exploited and the exploiters, the dominant and dominated, managers and workers — between which, in each individual case, it would be possible to differentiate. The front line no longer cuts through the middle of society; it now runs through each one of us . . . — from This Is Not a Program Traditional lines of revolutionary struggle no longer hold. Rather, it is ubiquitous cybernetics, surveillance, and terror that create the illusion of difference within hegemony. Configurations of dissent and the rhetoric of revolution are merely the other face of capital, conforming identities to empty predicates, ensuring that even “thieves,” “saboteurs,” and “terrorists” no longer exceed the totalizing space of Empire. This Is Not a Program offers two texts, both originally published in French by Tiqqun with Introduction to Civil War in 2001. In “This Is Not a Program,” Tiqqun outlines a new path for resistance and struggle in the age of Empire, one that eschews the worn-out example of France’s May ’68 in favor of what they consider to be the still fruitful and contemporary insurrectionary movements in Italy of the 1970s. “As a Science of Apparatuses” examines the way Empire has enforced on the subject a veritable metaphysics of isolation and pacification, “apparatuses” that include chairs, desks, computers; surveillance (security guards, cameras); disease (depression); crutch (cell phone, lover, sedative); and authority. Tiqqun’s critique of the biopolitical subject and omnipresent Empire is all the more urgent as we become inured to the permanent state of exception that is the War on Terror and to other, no less intimate forms of pacification. But all is not lost. In its unrelenting production of the Same, Empire itself creates the conditions necessary for the insurrection to come.
Tiqqun is a French collective of authors and activists formed in 1999. The group published two volumes of an eponymous journal in 1999 and 2001 (in which the collective author “The Invisible Committee” first appeared). Tiqqun is the author of Introduction to Civil War (Semiotext(e), 2010). An urgent critique of the biopolitical subject and omnipresent Empire.
March 4 1/2 x 7, 200 pp. $13.95T/£10.95 paper 978-1-58435-097-2 Intervention Series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) THE COMING INSURRECTION The Invisible Committee 2009, 978-1-58435-080-4 $12.95T/£9.95 paper INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL WAR Tiqqun 2010, 978-1-58435-086-6 $12.95T/£9.95 paper
THE VIOLENCE OF FINANCIAL CAPITALISM
An updated edition of a groundbreaking work on the global financial crisis from a postfordist perspective.
Christian Marazzi translated by Kristina Lebedeva and Jason Francis Mc Gimsey
The 2010 English-language edition of Christian Marazzi’s The Violence of Financial Capitalism made a groundbreaking work on the global financial crisis available to an expanded readership. This new edition has been updated to reflect recent events, up to and including the G20 summit in July 2010 and the broad consensus to reduce government spending that emerged from it. Marazzi, a leading figure in the European postfordist movement, argues that the processes of financialization are not simply irregularities between the traditional categories of wages, rent, and profit, but rather a new type of accumulation adapted to the processes of social and cognitive production today. The financial crisis, he contends, is a fundamental component of contemporary accumulation and not a classic lack of economic growth. Marazzi shows that individual debt and the management of financial markets are actually techniques for governing the transformations of immaterial labor, general intellect, and social cooperation. The financial crisis has radically undermined the very concept of unilateral and multilateral economico-political hegemony, and Marazzi discusses efforts toward a new geomonetary order that have emerged around the globe in response. Offering a radically new understanding of the current stage of international economics as well as crucial postMarxist guidance for confronting capitalism in its newest form, The Violence of Financial Capitalism is a valuable addition to the contemporary arsenal of postfordist thought. This edition includes the glossary of the esoteric neolanguage of financial capitalism — “Words in Crisis,” from “AAA” to “toxic asset” — written for the first English-language edition, and offers a new afterword by Marazzi.
Christian Marazzi is Professor and Director of Socio-Economic Research at the Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana. He is the author of Capital and Language: From the New Economy to the War Economy (Semiotext(e), 2008).
March 4 1/2 x 7, 152 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-102-3 Intervention Series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) CRISIS IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Financial Markets, Social Struggles, and New Political Scenarios edited by Andrea Fumagalli and Sandro Mezzadra 2010, 978-1-58435-087-3 $17.95T/£13.95 paper CAPITAL AND LANGUAGE From the New Economy to the War Economy Christian Marazzi 2008, 978-1-58435-067-5 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
“At last, a fresh interpretation of the global economic crisis that vehemently departs from traditional academic canons in order to assert a new kind of economic and political thought.” — Antonio Negri
$17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-060-6
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-076-7
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-074-3
$25.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-1-58435-053-8
$17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-066-8
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-070-5
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-072-9
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-065-1
$17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-046-0 mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011
NOW IN PAPER
THE MONSTROSITY OF CHRIST
A militant Marxist atheist and a “Radical Orthodox” Christian theologian square off.
Paradox or Dialectic? Slavoj Žižek and John Milbank edited by Creston Davis
“What matters is not so much that Žižek is endorsing a demythologized, disenchanted Christianity without transcendence, as that he is offering in the end (despite what he sometimes claims) a heterodox version of Christian belief.” — John Milbank “To put it even more bluntly, my claim is that it is Milbank who is effectively guilty of heterodoxy, ultimately of a regression to paganism: in my atheism, I am more Christian than Milbank.” — Slavoj Žižek In this corner, philosopher Slavoj Žižek, who represents the critical-materialist stance against religion’s illusions; in the other corner, “radical orthodox” theologian John Milbank, an influential and provocative thinker who argues that theology is the only foundation upon which knowledge, politics, and ethics can stand. In The Monstrosity of Christ, Žižek and Milbank go head to head for three rounds, employing an impressive arsenal of moves to advance their positions and press their respective advantages. By the closing bell, they have proven themselves worthy adversaries — and have also shown that faith and reason are not simply and intractably opposed. Žižek has long been interested in the emancipatory potential offered by Christian theology. And Milbank, seeing global capitalism as the new century’s greatest ethical challenge, has pushed his own ontology in more political and materialist directions. Their debate in The Monstrosity of Christ concerns nothing less than the future of religion, secularity, and political hope in light of a monsterful event — God becoming human. The result goes far beyond the popularized atheist/ theist point/counterpoint of books by Christopher Hitchens, Richard Dawkins, and others.
Slavoj Žižek is a philosopher and cultural critic. He has published over thirty books, including Looking Awry (1991, 1992), The Puppet and the Dwarf (2003), and The Parallax View (2006, 2009), from the MIT Press. John Milbank is an influential Christian theologian and the author of Theology and Social Theory: Beyond Secular Reason and other books. Creston Davis, who conceived of this encounter, studied under both Žižek and Milbank.
April 6 x 9, 320 pp. $13.95T/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51620-4 cloth 2009 978-0-262-01271-3 Short Circuits series, edited by Slavoj Žižek
Also available in this series THE PUPPET AND THE DWARF The Perverse Core of Christianity Slavoj Žižek 2003, 978-0-262-74025-8 $19.95T/£14.95 paper
“A dazzling dialogue, not for the faint-hearted.” — Marcus Pound, Theology
NOW IN PAPER
art/women’s studies dance/art
WOMEN ARTISTS AT THE MILLENNIUM
edited by Carol Armstrong and Catherine de Zegher
In 1971, when Linda Nochlin published her essay “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?” in a special issue of Art News, there were no women’s studies, no feminist theory, no such thing as feminist art criticism; there was instead a focus on the mythic figure of the great (male) artist through history. Since then, the “woman artist” has not simply been assimilated into the canon of “greatness” but has expanded art-making into a multiplicity of practices with new parameters and perspectives. In Women Artists at the Millennium artists including Martha Rosler and Yvonne Rainer reflect upon their own varied practices and art historians discuss the innovative work of such figures as Louise Bourgeois, Lygia Clark, Mona Hatoum, and Carrie Mae Weems. And Linda Nochlin considers changes since her landmark essay and looks to the future, writing, “We will need all our wit and courage to make sure that women’s voices are heard, their work seen and written about.”
Carol Armstrong is Doris Stevens Professor of Women’s Studies in the Department of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University. She is the author of Scenes in a Library: Reading the Photograph in the Book, 1843-1875 (MIT Press, 1998). Catherine de Zegher was Director of The Drawing Center in New York from 1999 to 2006. She is the editor of Inside the Visible: An Elliptical Traverse of Twentieth Century Art in, of, and from the Feminine (MIT Press, 1996).
Yvonne Rainer and the 1960s Carrie Lambert-Beatty
In her dance and performances of the 1960s, Yvonne Rainer famously transformed the performing body — stripped it of special techniques and star status, traded its costumes and leotards for T-shirts and sneakers, and asked it to haul mattresses or recite texts rather than leap or spin. Without discounting these innovations, Carrie Lambert-Beatty argues in Being Watched that the crucial site of Rainer’s interventions in the 1960s was less the body of the performer than the eye of the viewer — or rather, the body as offered to the eye. Rainer’s art, Lambert-Beatty writes, is structured by a peculiar tension between the body and its display. In a spectacle-soaked era, moreover — when images of war played nightly on the television news — Rainer’s work engaged the habits of viewing formed in massmedia America, linking avant-garde art and the wider culture of the 1960s. Rainer is significant, argues Lambert-Beatty, not only as a choreographer but as a sculptor of spectatorship.
Carrie Lambert-Beatty is Assistant Professor in the Department of History of Art and Architecture and the Department of Visual and Environmental Studies at Harvard University. • Winner, 2009 de la Torra Bueno Prize in Dance Literature, awarded by the Society of Dance History Scholars • Honorable Mention, Music and the Performing Arts category, 2008 PROSE Awards presented by the Professional/Scholarly Publishing Division of the Association of American Publishers
“An important reassessment of the legacies of feminist art history and critical theory by women whose critiques of a heterosexual, white-male-dominated canon have themselves become canonical.” — Amy Mechowski, Signs
April — 7 x 9, 472 pp. — 62 color illus., 124 black & white illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51594-8 cloth 2006 978-0-262-01226-3 An October Book
“Essential reading for anyone with an interest in Yvonne Rainer and the dynamic relationship between advanced performance and the visual arts during the 1960s and 1970s.” — Roger Copeland, author of Merce Cunningham: The Modernizing of Modern Dance
April — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 83 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51607-5 cloth 2008 978-0-262-12301-3 An October Book
NOW IN PAPER
art/cultural history art/race studies
“THE BEAUTIFUL LANGUAGE OF MY CENTURY”
Reinventing the Language of Contestation in Postwar France, 1945-1968 Tom McDonough
In postwar France, the aesthetics of appropriation and collage gave cultural form to a struggle over meaning. A new wave of avant-garde experimentation used — or stole, plagiarized, and expropriated — elements from advertising, journalism, literature, art, and other sources of common discourse (the ironically named “beautiful language” of this book’s title, itself an appropriation from Guy Debord’s collaged Mémoires). Redeployed, often in startling or pointed juxtapositions, these elements took on newly oppositional meanings. A famous photograph taken inside the occupied Sorbonne in May 1968, for example, shows a massive academic painting altered by a clever cartoonish speech bubble that transforms the painting into a parody of itself and memorializes an event very different from the one captured by the original artist. “The Beautiful Language of My Century” describes the various forms of critical culture that culminated in the events of May 1968, and investigates the ways those forms have come down to us today.
Tom McDonough is Associate Professor in the Art History Department, Binghamton University, and an editor at Grey Room. He is the editor of Guy Debord and the Situationist International (MIT Press, 2002).
SUBJECT TO DISPLAY
Reframing Race in Contemporary Installation Art Jennifer A. González
Over the past two decades, artists James Luna, Fred Wilson, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Pepón Osorio, and Renée Green have had a profound impact on the meaning and practice of installation art in the United States. In Subject to Display, Jennifer González offers the first sustained analysis of their contribution, linking the history and legacy of race discourse to innovations in contemporary art. Race, writes González, is a social discourse that has a visual history. The collection and display of bodies, images, and artifacts in museums and elsewhere is a primary means by which a nation tells the story of its past and locates the cultures of its citizens in the present. All five of the American installation artists González considers have explored the practice of putting human subjects and their cultures on display by staging elaborate dioramas or site-specific interventions in galleries and museums; in doing so, they have created powerful social commentary of the politics of space and the power of display in settings that mimic the very spaces they critique.
Jennifer A. González is Associate Professor in the History of Art and Visual Culture Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Her essays and reviews have appeared in Frieze, World Art, Diacritics, Art Journal, and Bomb.
“McDonough provides a series of engaging lessons for any scholar, student, or individual interested in the relation among art, politics, and various practices of critical culture, the promises they make as well as the failures that ensue.” — Kaira M. Cabañas, Art Journal “If you really want to get your hands dirty, put away your Howard Zinn and let McDonough show you what a real revolution is and in the process illuminate your historical understanding.” — Erik Lopez, Slug Magazine
April — 7 x 9, 288 pp. — 50 illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51609-9 cloth 2007 978-0-262-13477-4 An October Book
“With brilliance and grace, Gonzalez reveals the performative force of installations that restage in order to subvert the visual, material, and institutional practices that sustain race discourse.” — Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, author of Destination Culture: Tourism, Museums, and Heritage
April — 6 1/4 x 10, 320 pp. — 122 color illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51602-0 cloth 2008 978-0-262-07286-1
NOW IN PAPER
architecture architecture/urban planning/regional
JAPAN-NESS IN ARCHITECTURE
Arata Isozaki translated by Sabu Kohso foreword by Toshiko Mori
Japanese architect Arata Isozaki sees buildings not as dead objects but as events that encompass the social and historical context — not to be defined forever by their “everlasting materiality” but as texts to be interpreted and reread continually. In Japan-ness in Architecture he identifies what is essentially Japanese in architecture from the seventh to the twentieth century. Isozaki analyzes the struggles of modern Japanese architects, including himself, to create something uniquely Japanese out of modernity. He then circles back in history to find what he calls Japan-ness in the seventh-century Ise shrine, the twelfth-century reconstruction of the T¯ dai-ji Temple, and the seventeenth-century Katsura o Imperial Villa. Isozaki finds that what others consider to be the Japanese aesthetic is often the opposite of that essential Japan-ness born in moments of historic self-definition; the purified stylization — what Isozaki calls “Japanesquization” — lacks the energy of cultural transformation and reflects an island retrenchment in response to the pressure of other cultures. Combining historical survey, critical analysis, theoretical reflection, and autobiographical account, these essays, written over a period of twenty years, demonstrate Isozaki’s standing as one of the world’s leading architects and preeminent architectural thinkers.
Arata Isozaki is a leading Japanese architect. His works include the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, the Olympic Stadium in Barcelona, the Volksbank Center am Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, the Team Disney Building in Orlando, and the Tokyo University of Art and Design.
Designing a Campus for the Twenty-First Century William J. Mitchell
In the 1990s, MIT began a billion-dollar building program that transformed its outdated, run-down campus into an architectural showplace. Funded by the high-tech boom of the 1990s and driven by a pent-up demand for new space, MIT’s ambitious rebuilding produced five major works of architecture: Kevin Roche’s Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, Steven Holl’s Simmons Hall, Frank Gehry’s Stata Center, Charles Correa’s Brain and Cognitive Science Complex, and Fumihiko Maki’s Media Lab extension. In Imagining MIT, William Mitchell offers a critical, behind-thescenes view of MIT’s new buildings and the complex processes that produced them. The story is not simply one of commissions, projects, CAD, and hardhats; it is about all the forces that come into play — including money, politics, institutional dynamics, and ideology — when a major university campus is imagined, designed, and built. Lavishly illustrated with color images throughout, Imagining MIT shows both the opportunities and the obstacles facing architectural production and city building at the dawn of a new millennium.
The late William J. Mitchell was the Alexander W. Dreyfoos, Jr., Professor of Architecture and Media Arts and Sciences, Director of the Smart Cities research group at MIT’s Media Lab, and the author of many books, including The World’s Greatest Architect (MIT Press, 2008).
“William J. Mitchell writes with wit and insight. He is the ideal guide to the architecture of the MIT campus.” — Cesar Pelli, architect “This insider’s account of the MIT campus is wise, witty, trenchant, and teacherly.” — Diana Chapman Walsh, former President, Wellesley College
April — 11 x 7 1/2 152 pp. — 220 illus., color throughout
“Iconoclastic and erudite, opinionated and insightful, wily and contrarian.” — Dana Buntrock, Department of Architecture, University of California, Berkeley
April — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 54 illus. $18.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51605-1 cloth 2006 978-0-262-09038-4
$14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51611-2 cloth 2007 978-0-262-13479-8
NOW IN PAPER
food/environment environment/political science/anthropology
What You Don’t Know About What You Eat Harvey Blatt
We don’t think much about how food gets to our tables, or what had to happen to fill our supermarket’s produce section with perfectly round red tomatoes and its meat counter with slabs of beautifully marbled steak. We don’t realize that the meat in one fast-food hamburger may come from many different cattle raised in several different countries. In fact, most of us have a fairly abstract understanding of what happens on a farm. In America’s Food, Harvey Blatt gives us the specifics. He tells us, for example, that a third of the fruits and vegetables grown are discarded for purely aesthetic reasons; that the artificial fertilizers used to enrich our depleted soil contain poisonous heavy metals; that chickens who stand all day on wire in cages choose feed with pain-killing drugs over feed without them; and that the average American eats his or her body weight in food additives each year. After taking us on a tour of the American food system — not only the basic food groups but soil, grain farming, organic food, genetically modified food, food processing, and diet — Blatt reminds us that we aren’t powerless. Once we know the facts about food in America, we can change things by the choices we make as consumers, as voters, and as ethical human beings.
Harvey Blatt is the author of America’s Environmental Report Card: Are We Making the Grade? (second edition, MIT Press, 2011). Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples Mark Dowie
Since 1900, more than 108,000 officially protected conservation areas have been established worldwide, largely at the urging of five international conservation organizations. About half of these areas were occupied or regularly used by indigenous peoples. Millions who had been living sustainably on their land for generations were displaced in the interests of conservation. In Conservation Refugees, Mark Dowie tells this story. This is a “good guy vs. good guy” story, Dowie writes; the indigenous peoples’ movement and conservation organizations have a vital common goal — to protect species and ecosystem diversity — and could work effectively and powerfully together to protect the planet and preserve biological diversity. Yet for more than a hundred years, these two forces have been at odds. Dowie describes the experiences of groups ranging from Native Americans in Yosemite to the Ogiek and Maasai of eastern Africa. When conservationists and native peoples acknowledge the interdependence of biodiversity conservation and cultural survival, he argues, they can together create a new and much more effective paradigm for conservation.
Award-winning journalist Mark Dowie is the author of Losing Ground: American Environmentalism at the Close of the Twentieth Century, American Foundations: An Investigative History (both published by the MIT Press), and four other books.
“This highly readable book will almost certainly cause you to change how and what you eat.” — John Ikerd, author of Sustainable Capitalism “An excellent primer on the food we eat today.” — Brian Halweil, Worldwatch Institute
“Dowie’s book advances the critical work of developing a new, more encompassing vision of nature, which makes it one of the most important contributions to conservation in many years.” —Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma and In Defense of Food
April — 6 x 9, 376 pp. $15.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51600-6 cloth 2009 978-0-262-01261-4
April — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 25 illus. $18.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51595-5 cloth 2008 978-0-262-02652-9
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philosophy game studies/gender studies
PHILOSOPHY OF LOVE
A Partial Summing-Up Irving Singer
In 1984, philosopher Irving Singer published the first volume of what would become a classic and much acclaimed trilogy, The Nature of Love. In this new book, he maps the trajectory of his thinking on love. It is a “partial” summing-up of a lifework: partial because it expresses the author’s still unfolding views, and because love — like any subject of that magnitude — resists a neatly comprehensive, all-inclusive formulation. Adopting an informal, even conversational, tone, Singer discusses, among other topics, the history of romantic love, the Platonic ideal, courtly and nineteenth-century Romantic love; the nature of passion; the concept of merging (and his critique of it); ideas about love in Freud, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Dewey, Santayana, Sartre, and other writers; and love in relation to democracy, existentialism, creativity, and the possible future of scientific investigation. Singer’s writing on love embodies what he has learned as a contemporary philosopher, studying other authors in the field and “trying to get a little further.” This book continues his trailblazing explorations.
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. He is the author of the trilogies The Nature of Love and Meaning in Life, now being reissued by the MIT Press with new prefaces by the author, and many other books.
BEYOND BARBIE® AND MORTAL KOMBAT
New Perspectives on Gender and Gaming edited by Yasmin B. Kafai, Carrie Heeter, Jill Denner, and Jennifer Y. Sun
More than ten years after the groundbreaking From Barbie to Mortal Kombat highlighted the ways gender stereotyping and related social and economic issues permeate digital game play, the number of women and girl gamers has risen considerably. Despite this, gender disparities remain in gaming. Women may be warriors in World of Warcraft, but they are also scantily clad “booth babes” whose sex appeal is used to promote games at trade shows. Player-generated content has revolutionized gaming, but few games marketed to girls allow “modding” (game modifications made by players). Gender equity, the contributors to Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat argue, requires more than increasing the overall numbers of female players.
Yasmin B. Kafai is Professor of the Learning Sciences at the Graduate School of Education at the University of Pennsylvania. Carrie Heeter is Professor of Serious Game Design in the Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, and Creative Director for Virtual University Design and Technology at Michigan State University. Jill Denner is Senior Research Scientist at ETR Associates, a nonprofit agency in California. Jennifer Y. Sun is President and a founder of Numedeon, Inc., the company that launched Whyville.net, an educational virtual world targeted at children ages 8 to 14.
“This is an account of a life devoted to the idea of love and the love of ideas.” — Leslie Armour, Library Journal “I found the style of the book charming — rather like listening to a fireside chat from a wise master with fascinating things to say as he reflects upon his life-long thoughts.” — Robert Scott Stewart, Philosophy Review
April — 5 3/8 x 8, 144 pp. $8.95T/£6.95 paper 978-0-262-51617-4 cloth 2009 978-0-262-19574-4 The Irving Singer Library
“A much needed wake-up call to an industry that seems determined to shoehorn girl gamers into an ever shrinking, highly neglected demographic.” — Latoya Peterson, Women’s Review of Books
April — 7 x 9, 400 pp. — 36 color illus., 42 black & white illus. $14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51606-8 cloth 2008 978-0-262-11319-9
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urban studies/environment law/higher eduction
NEW YORK FOR SALE
Community Planning Confronts Global Real Estate Tom Angotti foreword by Peter Marcuse
Remarkably, grassroots-based community planning flourishes in New York City — the selfproclaimed “real estate capital of the world” — with at least seventy community plans for different neighborhoods throughout the city. Most of these were developed during fierce struggles against gentrification, displacement, and environmental hazards, and most got little or no support from government. In New York for Sale, Tom Angotti tells some of the stories of community planning in New York City: how activists moved beyond simple protests and began to formulate community plans to protect neighborhoods against urban renewal, real estate mega-projects, gentrification, and environmental hazards. Angotti, both observer of and longtime participant in New York community planning, focuses on the close relationships among community planning, political strategy, and control over land. He proposes strategies for progressive, inclusive community planning not only for New York City but for anywhere that neighborhoods want to protect themselves and their land.
Tom Angotti is Director of the Hunter College Center for Community Planning and Development and Professor of Urban Affairs and Planning at Hunter College, City University of New York. He is the author of Metropolis 2000: Planning, Poverty, and Politics, the coeditor of Progressive Planning Magazine, and a columnist for the online journal Gotham Gazette. • Winner, 2009 Paul Davidoff Award, given by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning • Co-winner, 2010 International Planning History Society Book Prize
ROMANCE IN THE IVORY TOWER
The Rights and Liberty of Conscience Paul R. Abramson
Allen Ginsberg once declared that “the best teaching is done in bed,” but most university administrators would presumably disagree. Many universities prohibit romantic relationships between faculty members and students, and professors who transgress are usually out of a job. In Romance in the Ivory Tower, Paul Abramson takes aim at university policies that forbid relationships between faculty members and students. He argues provocatively that the issue of faculty-student romances transcends the seemingly trivial matter of who sleeps with whom and engages our fundamental constitutional rights. Abramson suggests that the Ninth Amendment (which states that the Constitution’s enumeration of certain rights should not be construed to deny others) protects the “right to romance.” And, more provocatively, he argues that the “right to romance” is a fundamental right of conscience — as are freedom of speech and freedom of religion. Campus romances happen. The important question is not whether they should be encouraged or prohibited but whether the choice to engage in such a relationship should be protected or precluded.
Paul R. Abramson is Professor of Psychology at UCLA. He is the author or coauthor of many books, including Sarah: A Sexual Biography, With Pleasure: Thoughts on the Nature of Human Sexuality (with Steve Pinkerton), and Sexual Rights in America: The Ninth Amendment and the Pursuit of Happiness (with Steve Pinkerton and Mark Huppin).
“ New York for Sale is the book that progressive planners have been waiting for.” — Leonie Sandercock, Professor in Urban Planning and Social Policy, University of British Columbia
April — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 17 illus. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51593-1 cloth 2008 978-0-262-01247-8 Urban and Industrial Environments series
“This is a brilliant, creative, and convincing argument about the basis for sexual rights in America. . . . A groundbreaking contribution.” — Ralph Bolton, Professor of Anthropology, Pomona College
April — 5 3/8 x 8, 184 pp. $9.95T/£7.95 paper 978-0-262-51592-4 cloth 2007 978-0-262-01237-9
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higher education science, technology, and society/history
Nontenured Teachers in Higher Education John G. Cross and Edie N. Goldenberg
Much attention has been paid to the increasing proportion of non-tenure-track faculty — adjuncts, lecturers, and others — in American higher education. Critics charge that universities exploit “contingent faculty” and graduate students, engaging in a type of bait and switch to attract applicants (advertising institutional standing based on distinguished faculty who seldom teach undergraduates), and as a result provide undergraduates with an inadequate educational experience. This book, by two experienced academic administrators, investigates the expanding role of part-time and non-tenure-track instructors in ten elite research universities and the consequences for the quality of the educational experience, the functioning of the university, and the excellence of the academic environment. They describe hiring trends and what drives them, and explain why they matter if we want to improve undergraduate education, support collegiality on campus, trust in academic governance, prevent the erosion of tenure, and preserve America’s global leadership in higher education.
John G. Cross is Senior Vice President for Administration and Finance at Bloomfield College. Edie N. Goldenberg is Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at the University of Michigan and Director of the University’s Michigan in Washington Program.
COLD WAR KITCHEN
Americanization, Technology, and European Users edited by Ruth Oldenziel and Karin Zachmann
Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev’s famous “kitchen debate” in 1958 involved more than the virtues of American appliances. Both Nixon and Khrushchev recognized the political symbolism of the modern kitchen; the kind of technological innovation represented in this everyday context spoke to the political system that produced it. The kitchen connects the “big” politics of politicians and statesmen to the “small” politics of users and interest groups. In essays illustrated by striking period photographs, Cold War Kitchen looks at the kitchen as material object and symbol, considering the politics and the practices of one of the most famous technological icons of the mid-twentieth century. Defining the kitchen as a complex technological artifact as important as computers, cars, and nuclear missiles, the book examines the ways in which a range of social actors in Europe shaped the kitchen as both ideological construct and material practice. These actors — from manufacturers and modernist architects to housing reformers and feminists — constructed and domesticated the technological innovations of the postwar kitchen.
Ruth Oldenziel is Professor of American and European Technology at the Technical University of Eindhoven and Associate Professor at the University of Amsterdam. Karin Zachmann is Professor of History of Technology at the Central Institute for the History of Technology, Technical University Munich.
“Amid the growing literature of research about adjuncts, this book is different in some key ways that are likely to make some of it controversial, and may also make it influential.” — Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed “Well worth reading.” — Philo A. Hutcheson, Academe
March — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 8 illus. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51598-6 cloth 2009 978-0-262-01291-1
“Scholarly and provocative, these essays illuminate the links between the atomic politics of the Nixon-Khrushchev years and the humbler battles fought in Europe and America over the shaping of modern kitchens.” — Joe Corn, Senior Lecturer Emeritus, Department of History, Stanford University
March — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 44 illus. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51613-6 cloth 2009 978-0-262-15119-1 Inside Technology series mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011
NOW IN PAPER
neuroscience communications/scholarly publishing
Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding edited by Kenji Doya, Shin Ishii, Alexandre Pouget, and Rajesh P. N. Rao
A Bayesian approach can contribute to an understanding of the brain on multiple levels, by giving normative predictions about how an ideal sensory system should combine prior knowledge and observation, by providing mechanistic interpretation of the dynamic functioning of the brain circuit, and by suggesting optimal ways of deciphering experimental data. Bayesian Brain brings together contributions from both experimental and theoretical neuroscientists that examine the brain mechanisms of perception, decision making, and motor control according to the concepts of Bayesian estimation. After an overview of the mathematical concepts that are basic to understanding the approaches discussed, contributors consider how Bayesian concepts can be used for interpretation of such neurobiological data as neural spikes and functional brain imaging; the modeling of sensory processing, including the neural coding of information about the outside world; and dynamic processes for proper behaviors, including the mathematics of the speed and accuracy of perceptual decisions and neural models of belief propagation.
Kenji Doya is Principal Investigator in the Neural Computation Unit in the Initial Research Project at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Japan. Shin Ishii is Professor in the Graduate School of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Japan. Alexandre Pouget is Associate Professor in the Brain and Cognitive Science Department at the University of Rochester and Head of the Laboratory of Computational Cognitive Neuroscience. Rajesh P. N. Rao is Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, a Faculty Member of the Neurobiology and Behavior Program at the University of Washington, and coeditor of Probabilistic Models of the Brain (MIT Press, 2002). March — 7 x 9, 344 pp. — 10 color illus., 92 black & white illus. $26.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51601-3 cloth 2007 978-0-262-04238-3 Computational Neuroscience series
UNDERSTANDING KNOWLEDGE AS A COMMONS
From Theory to Practice edited by Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom
Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but at the same time is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, overpatenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons — as a shared resource — allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. In Understanding Knowledge as a Commons, experts from a range of disciplines discuss the knowledge commons in the digital era — how to conceptualize it, protect it, and build it. Contributors consider the concept of the commons historically and offer an analytical framework for understanding knowledge as a shared social-ecological system. The essays clarify critical issues that arise within these new types of commons, and offer guideposts for future theory and practice.
Charlotte Hess is Associate Dean for Research, Collections, and Scholarly Communication at the Syracuse University Library. Elinor Ostrom, the 2009 Nobel Laureate in Economics, is Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science, Senior Research Director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, and Founding Director of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University.
“On the whole this book provides an excellent introduction to the theory and practice of knowledge commons. . . . The writing is uniformly lucid. The book deserves to be read widely, especially by academics and librarians.” — Subbiah Arunachalam, Current Science
March — 6 x 9, 384 pp. — 8 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51603-7 cloth 2006 978-0-262-08357-7
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SUSTAINABILITY OR COLLAPSE?
An Integrated History and Future of People on Earth edited by Robert Costanza, Lisa J. Graumlich, and Will Steffen
Human history, as written traditionally, leaves out the important ecological and climate context of historical events. But the capability to integrate the history of human beings with the natural history of the Earth now exists, and we are finding that humanenvironmental systems are intimately linked in ways we are only beginning to appreciate. In Sustainability or Collapse?, researchers from a range of scholarly disciplines develop an integrated human and environmental history over millennial, centennial, and decadal time scales and make projections for the future. The contributors focus on the human-environment interactions that have shaped historical forces since ancient times and discuss such key methodological issues as data quality. Topics highlighted include the political ecology of the Mayans; the effect of climate on the Roman Empire; and and the accuracy of such past forecasts as The Limits to Growth.
Robert Costanza is Professor and Director of the Center for Sustainable Processes and Practices and University Professor of Sustainability at Portland State University and Editor-inChief of Solutions. Lisa J. Graumlich is Dean of the College of the Environment at the University of Washington. Will Steffen is Executive Director of the Climate Change Institute at The Australian National University.
THE SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE OF EMPATHY
edited by Jean Decety and William Ickes
In recent decades, empathy research has blossomed into a vibrant and multidisciplinary field of study. The social neuroscience approach to the subject is premised on the idea that studying empathy at multiple levels (biological, cognitive, and social) will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of how other people’s thoughts and feelings can affect our own thoughts, feelings, and behavior. In these cutting-edge contributions, leading advocates of the multilevel approach view empathy from the perspectives of social, cognitive, developmental, and clinical psychology and cognitive/affective neuroscience. Chapters include a critical examination of the various definitions of the empathy construct; surveys of major research traditions based on these differing views (including empathy as emotional contagion, as the projection of one’s own thoughts and feelings, and as a fundamental aspect of social development); clinical and applied perspectives, including psychotherapy and the study of empathy for other people’s pain; various neuroscience perspectives; and discussions of empathy’s evolutionary and neuroanatomical histories, with a special focus on neuroanatomical continuities and differences across the phylogenetic spectrum.
Jean Decety is Irving B. Harris Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Chicago, where he heads the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory. William Ickes is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of Texas, Arlington.
“The authors are asking important, hard questions, and their answers to these questions are nearly always provocative.” — James Feldman, Journal of Interdisciplinary History
March — 6 x 9, 520 pp. — 47 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51597-9 cloth 2007 978-0-262-03366-4 Dahlem Workshop Reports
“This is an admirable work that cannot be too highly recommended.” — Gustav Jahoda, Metapsychology
March — 7 x 9, 272 pp. — 7 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51599-3 cloth 2009 978-0-262-01297-3 Social Neuroscience series
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cognitive science/philosophy cognitive science/history of psychology
THINGS AND PLACES
How the Mind Connects with the World Zenon W. Pylyshyn
In Things and Places, Zenon Pylyshyn argues that the process of incrementally constructing perceptual representations, solving the binding problem (determining which properties go together), and, more generally, grounding perceptual representations in experience arise from the nonconceptual capacity to pick out and keep track of a small number of sensory individuals. He proposes a mechanism in early vision that allows us to select a limited number of sensory objects, to reidentify each of them under certain conditions as the same individual seen before, and to keep track of their enduring individuality despite radical changes in their properties — all without the machinery of concepts, identity, and tenses. This mechanism, which he calls FINSTs (for “Fingers of Instantiation”), is responsible for our capacity to individuate and track several independently moving sensory objects — an ability that we exercise every waking minute, and one that can be understood as fundamental to the way we see and understand the world and to our sense of space.
Zenon W. Pylyshyn is Board of Governors Professor of Cognitive Science at Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science. He is the author of Seeing and Visualizing: It’s Not What You Think (MIT Press, 2003).
A HISTORY OF MODERN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
From James and Wundt to Cognitive Science George Mandler
Modern psychology began with the adoption of experimental methods at the end of the nineteenth century: Wilhelm Wundt established the first formal laboratory in 1879; universities created independent chairs in psychology shortly thereafter; and William James published the landmark work Principles of Psychology in 1890. In A History of Modern Experimental Psychology, George Mandler traces the evolution of modern experimental and theoretical psychology from these beginnings to the “cognitive revolution” of the late twentieth century. Throughout, he emphasizes the social and cultural context, showing how different theoretical developments reflect the characteristics and values of the society in which they occurred. Thus, Gestalt psychology can be seen to mirror the changes in visual and intellectual culture at the turn of the century, behaviorism to embody the parochial and puritanical concerns of early twentieth-century America, and contemporary cognitive psychology as a product of the postwar revolution in information and communication.
George Mandler is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, San Diego, and Visiting Professor at University College London. He is the author of Mind and Emotion, Mind and Body: Psychology of Emotion and Stress, Human Nature Explored, Interesting Times: An Encounter with the Twentieth Century, and other books.
“Pylyshyn is a singular figure in cognitive science — an extraordinary psychologist who is profoundly dedicated to understanding and responding to philosophical concerns. Things and Places belongs in the bookcase of anyone who believes that uncracking philosophical puzzles about the mind requires a hefty dose of empirical study.” — Lawrence Shapiro, Mind
March — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 26 illus. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51614-3 cloth 2007 978-0-262-16245-6 Jean Nicod Lectures
“A tour de force. . . . Any clinician who takes the time to absorb this volume’s offerings will be amply rewarded.” — The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease “A brilliant and superbly crafted work that places the history of psychology within the social and political culture in which it occurred.” — Richard C. Atkinson, President Emeritus, University of California
March — 5 3/8 x 8, 312 pp. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51608-2 cloth 2007 978-0-262-13475-0
NOW IN PAPER
computer science/history of science history of technology/science, technology, and society
SYSTEMS, EXPERTS, AND COMPUTERS
The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After edited by Agatha C. Hughes and Thomas P. Hughes
After World War II, a systems approach to solving complex problems and managing complex systems came into vogue among engineers, scientists, and managers, fostered in part by the diffusion of digital computing power. Enthusiasm for the approach peaked during the Johnson administration, when it was applied to everything from military command and control systems to poverty in American cities. Although its failure in the social sphere, coupled with increasing skepticism about the role of technology and “experts” in American society, led to a retrenchment, systems methods are still part of modern managerial practice. This groundbreaking book charts the origins and spread of the systems movement. It describes the major players — including RAND, MITRE, Ramo-Wooldridge (later TRW), and the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis — and examines applications in a wide variety of military, government, civil, and engineering settings. The book is international in scope, describing the spread of systems thinking in France and Sweden. The story it tells helps to explain engineering thought and managerial practice during the last sixty years.
The late Agatha C. Hughes and Thomas P. Hughes edited and wrote a number of works in the history of technology. She was an editor, teacher, and artist. He is Professor Emeritus of History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania and Visiting Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, and the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm.
The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City Peter D. Norton
Before the advent of the automobile, users of city streets were diverse and included children at play and pedestrians at large. By 1930, most streets were primarily motor thoroughfares where children did not belong and where pedestrians were condemned as “jaywalkers.” In Fighting Traffic, Peter Norton argues that to accommodate automobiles, the American city required not only a physical change but also a social one: before the city could be reconstructed for the sake of motorists, its streets had to be socially reconstructed as places where motorists belonged. It was not an evolution, he writes, but a bloody and sometimes violent revolution. Norton describes how street users struggled to define and redefine what streets were for. He considers the perspectives of all users — pedestrians, police (who had to become “traffic cops”), street railways, downtown businesses, traffic engineers (who often saw cars as the problem, not the solution), and automobile promoters. He finds that pedestrians and parents campaigned in moral terms, fighting for “justice.” Cities and downtown businesses tried to regulate traffic in the name of “efficiency.” Automotive interest groups, meanwhile, legitimized their claim to the streets by invoking “freedom” — a rhetorical stance of particular power in the United States.
Peter D. Norton is Assistant Professor in the Department of Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia.
“This excellent collection explores the emergence of systems engineering during the conflicts of the Second World War and the Cold War.” — Jon Agar, BJHS
March — 6 x 9, 520 pp. $33.00S/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-51604-4 cloth 2000 978-0-262-08285-3 Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology
“One of the most important monographs focusing on the place of the automobile in American society within a historical context to appear in recent times.” — John A. Heitmann, Isis
March — 6 x 9, 408 pp. — 40 illus. $21.00S/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-51612-9 cloth 2008 978-0-262-14100-0 Inside Technology series
NOW IN PAPER
history of science/Islamic studies history of technology/history of science
ISLAMIC SCIENCE AND THE MAKING OF THE EUROPEAN RENAISSANCE
The Islamic scientific tradition has been described many times in accounts of Islamic civilization and in general histories of science, with most authors tracing its beginnings to the appropriation of ideas from other ancient civilizations — the Greeks in particular. In this thought-provoking and original book, George Saliba argues that, contrary to the generally accepted view, the foundations of Islamic scientific thought were laid well before Greek sources were formally translated into Arabic in the ninth century. Saliba outlines the conventional accounts of Islamic science, then discusses their shortcomings and proposes an alternate narrative. Using astronomy as a template for understanding the progress of science in Islamic civilization, Saliba demonstrates the originality of Islamic scientific thought. He details the innovations (including new mathematical tools) made by the Islamic astronomers from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century, and offers evidence that Copernicus could have known of and drawn on their work. Rather than viewing the rise and fall of Islamic science from the often-narrated perspectives of politics and religion, Saliba focuses on the scientific production itself and the complex social, economic, and intellectual conditions that made it possible.
George Saliba is Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies in the Department of Middle East and Asian Studies at Columbia University. He is the author or editor of six other books in Arabic and English.
Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison Michael Brian Schiffer
In 1882, Thomas Edison and his Edison Electric Light Company unveiled the first large-scale electrical system in the world to light a stretch of offices in a city. This was a monumental achievement, but it was not the beginning of the electrical age. The first electric generators were built in the 1830s, the earliest commercial lighting systems before 1860, and the first commercial application of generator-powered lights (in lighthouses) in the early 1860s. In Power Struggles, Michael Brian Schiffer examines some of the earlier efforts (some successful and some unsuccessful) that paved the way for Edison. Schiffer presents a series of fascinating case studies of pre-Edison electrical technologies, including Volta’s electrochemical battery, Thomas Davenport’s electric motor, the first mechanical generators, Morse’s telegraph, the Atlantic cable, and the lighting of the dome of the U.S. Capitol. These emerging electrical technologies formed the foundation of the modern industrial world. Schiffer shows how and why they became commercial products in the context of an evolving corporate capitalism in which conflicting judgments of practicality sometimes turned into power struggles.
Michael Brian Schiffer is Fred A. Riecker Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona and Research Associate at the Lemelson Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. He is the author of six previous books on technology.
“Saliba’s wide-ranging book on Islamic astronomy is a fascinating, revisionist account of a science that blossomed in a golden age under the Baghdadi caliphs before fading into obscurity.” — Owen Gingerich, Journal of Interdisciplinary History
March — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 17 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51615-0 cloth 2007 978-0-262-19557-7 Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology
“The book is an important contribution to the history of electrical science and offers a lucid account of the process of invention, practical or otherwise.” — Peter Shulman, Isis
March — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 45 illus. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51616-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-19582-9
NOW IN PAPER
science, technology, and society/political science cognitive science/linguistics
ACTING IN AN UNCERTAIN WORLD
An Essay on Technical Democracy Michel Callon, Yannick Barthe, and Pierre Lascoumes translated by Graham Burchell
Controversies over such issues as nuclear waste, genetically modified organisms, asbestos, tobacco, gene therapy, avian flu, and cell phone towers arise almost daily as rapid scientific and technological advances create uncertainty and bring about unforeseen concerns. The authors of Acting in an Uncertain World argue that political institutions must be expanded and improved to manage these controversies, to transform them into productive conversations, and to bring about “technical democracy.” They show how “hybrid forums” — in which experts, non-experts, ordinary citizens, and politicians come together — reveal the limits of traditional delegative democracies, in which decisions are made by quasi-professional politicians, and techno-scientific information is the domain of specialists in laboratories. The division between professionals and laypeople, the authors claim, is simply outmoded. The authors describe a “dialogic” democracy that enriches traditional representative democracy. To invent new procedures for consultation and representation, they suggest, is to contribute to an endless process that is necessary for the ongoing democratization of democracy.
Michel Callon, developer (with Bruno Latour and others) of Actor Network Theory, is a Professor at the École des mines de Paris and a researcher at the Centre de Sociologie de l’innovation there. Yannick Barthe is a researcher at CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique) and a member of the Centre de sociologie de l’innovation. Pierre Lascoumes is Director of Research at CNRS.
THE HARMONIC MIND
From Neural Computation to Optimality-Theoretic Grammar
Volume I: Cognitive Architecture Volume II: Linguistic and Philosophical Implications
Paul Smolensky and Géraldine Legendre
Despite their apparently divergent accounts of higher cognition, cognitive theories based on neural computation and those employing symbolic computation can in fact strengthen one another. To substantiate this controversial claim, this landmark work develops in depth a cognitive architecture based in neural computation but supporting formally explicit higher-level symbolic descriptions, including new grammar formalisms. Detailed studies in both phonology and syntax provide arguments that these grammatical theories and their neural network realizations enable deeper explanations of early acquisition, processing difficulty, cross-linguistic typology, and the possibility of genomically encoding universal principles of grammar. Foundational questions concerning the explanatory status of symbols for central problems such as the unbounded productivity of higher cognition are also given proper treatment.
Paul Smolensky and Géraldine Legendre are Professors of Cognitive Science at Johns Hopkins University. Smolensky is the author (with Bruce Tesar) of Learnability in Optimality Theory (MIT Press, 2000). Legendre is the coeditor (with Jane Grimshaw and Sten Vikner) of Optimality-Theoretic Syntax (MIT Press, 2001).
“ The Harmonic Mind presents a unique synthetic vision of cognitive science, one that everyone interested in cognition, language, mind, and brain will want to know and understand.” — James L. McClelland, Stanford University
Volume I March — 7 x 9, 592 pp. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51619-8 Volume II March — 7 x 9, 640 pp. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51454-5 cloth 2006 Volume I 978-0-262-19526-3 Volume II 978-0-262-19527-0
“This book is a path-breaking contribution to the study of democracy.” — Timothy Mitchell, Columbia University
March — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 6 illus. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51596-2 cloth 2009 978-0-262-03382-4 Inside Technology series
INSIDE AND OUTSIDE LIQUIDITY
Bengt Holmström and Jean Tirole
Two leading economists develop a theory explaining the demand for and supply of liquid assets.
February 6 x 9, 224 pp. 21 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01578-3
Why do financial institutions, industrial companies, and households hold low-yielding money balances, Treasury bills, and other liquid assets? When and to what extent can the state and international financial markets make up for a shortage of liquid assets, allowing agents to save and share risk more effectively? These questions are at the center of all financial crises, including the current global one. In Inside and Outside Liquidity, leading economists Bengt Holmström and Jean Tirole offer an original, unified perspective on these questions drawing on insights from modern corporate finance. In a slight, but important departure from the standard theory of finance, they show how imperfect pledgeability of corporate income leads to a demand for as well as a shortage of liquidity with interesting implications for the pricing of assets, investment decisions, and liquidity management. The government has an active role to play in improving risk-sharing between consumers with limited commitment power and firms dealing with the high costs of potential liquidity shortages. In this perspective, private risk sharing is always imperfect and may lead to financial crises that can be alleviated through government interventions. In an epilogue, Holmström and Tirole show how their theory can be used to understand some aspects of the recent financial crisis.
Bengt Holmström is Paul A. Samuelson Professor of Economics at MIT, where he was Head of the Economics Department from 2003 to 2006. Jean Tirole is Scientific Director of IDEI (Institut d’Economie Industrielle), Chairman of the Board of TSE (Toulouse School of Economics), and Annual Visiting Professor of Economics at MIT.
TRADE AND POVERTY
When the Third World Fell Behind Jeffrey G. Williamson
Today’s wide economic gap between the postindustrial countries of the West and the poorer countries of the third world is not new. Fifty years ago, the world economic order — two hundred years in the making — was already characterized by a How the rise of globalization over the vast difference in per capita past two centuries helps income between rich and poor explain the income gap countries and by the fact that between rich and poor countries today. poor countries exported commodities (agricultural or mineral products) while rich countries exported manufactured products. In Trade and Poverty, leading economic historian Jeffrey G. Williamson traces the great divergence between the third world and the West to this nexus of trade, commodity specialization, and poverty. The world rapidly became global between the early nineteenth century and World War I, and the global trade boom occurred simultaneously with rising economic divergence between industrial and nonindustrial countries. Analyzing the role of specialization, deindustrialization, and commodity price volatility with econometrics and case studies of India, Ottoman Turkey, and Mexico, Williamson demonstrates why the close correlation between trade and poverty emerged. Globalization and the great divergence were causally related, and thus the rise of globalization over the past two centuries helps account for the income gap between rich and poor countries today.
Jeffrey G. Williamson is Laird Bell Professor of Economics Emeritus at Harvard and Honorary Fellow in the Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the author of Globalization and the Poor Periphery before 1950 (MIT Press, 2006). February — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 30 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01515-8
THE COLLECTED SCIENTIFIC PAPERS OF PAUL SAMUELSON
Volumes 6 and 7
Paul A. Samuelson edited by Janice Murray
“It is a measure of Professor Samuelson’s preeminence that the sheer scale of his work should be so much taken for granted,” a reviewer for The sixth and the Economist once observed, seventh volumes of Paul Samuelson’s marking both Paul Samuelson’s papers gather his influence and his astonishing final writings. prolificacy. These two volumes gather the Nobel Laureate’s final writings. Samuelson declined suggestions that he write an autobiography. Yet the texts in these volumes (selected by Samuelson with the help of his longtime assistant, Janice Murray) have a somewhat autobiographical cast, with tributes to friends and colleagues and speeches and interviews of both personal and historic interest. Volume 6 offers essays on classical economics; neoclassical, Marxian, and Sraffian economics; modern macroeconomics; welfare and efficiency economics; and economic and scientific theories. Volume 7 covers stochastic theory; modern economic policy; biographical essays; and autobiographical writings. Revised appendixes accompany Samuelson and Etula’s “Where Ricardo and Mill Rebut and Confirm Arguments of Mainstream Economists Supporting Globalization” and a previously unpublished “Afterthought” has been added to Samuelson’s Dictionary of American Biography text on Joseph Schumpeter. Additionally, three contributions omitted from early volumes have been included. The acknowledgements sections list the strict chronological order of the papers.
Paul Samuelson (1915–2009) received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1970. He was Institute Professor, Emeritus; Professor of Economics, Emeritus; and Gordon Y Billard Fellow at MIT. His influential Economics: An Introductory Analysis is the most widely used economics textbook ever published. Volume 6 February — 6 x 9, 1,048 pp. $90.00S/£66.95 cloth 978-0-262-01540-0 Volume 7 February — 6 x 9, 1,168 pp. $90.00S/£66.95 cloth 978-0-262-01574-5
MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMICS
NEW DIRECTIONS IN FINANCIAL SERVICES REGULATION
edited by Roger B. Porter, Robert R. Glauber, and Thomas J. Healey
The financial crisis of 2008 raised crucial questions regarding the effectiveness of the way the United States regulates financial markets. What caused the crisis? What regulatory changes are Prominent policymakers, most needed and desirable? practitioners, and acaWhat regulatory structure will demics discuss regulatory reform in the best implement the desired aftermath of the financhanges? This volume addresses cial crisis of 2008. those questions with contributions from an ideologically diverse group of scholars, policy makers, and practitioners, including Paul Volcker, John Taylor, Richard Posner, and Glenn Hubbard. New Directions in Financial Services Regulation grows out of a conference hosted by the Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government in October 2009, and the book reflects the dynamic give-and-take of the event. Each chapter includes not only major papers and presentations but also a summary of the subsequent discussion. The book achieves a balance of academic and practitioner perspectives, with leaders of financial firms and regulatory bodies offering insights based on their experiences in the financial crisis of the year before.
CONTRIBUTORS James Cox, Robert R. Glauber, Harvey J. Goldschmid, Thomas J. Healey, R. Glenn Hubbard, Howell E. Jackson, David A. Moss, David G. Nason, William Poole, Roger B. Porter, Richard A. Posner, Joel Seligman, Robert K. Steel, John B. Taylor, Paul A. Volcker, Richard Zeckhauser
Roger B. Porter is IBM Professor of Business and Government at Harvard University. Robert R. Glauber is Adjunct Lecturer at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and a Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School. Thomas J. Healey is Partner at Healey Development LLC and Senior Fellow at the Center for Business and Government at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. April — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 3 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01561-5
Michael Hoy, John Livernois, Chris McKenna, Ray Rees, and Thanasis Stengos
This text offers a comprehensive presentation of the mathematics required to tackle problems in economic analysis. To give a better understanding of the mathematical concepts, the text A new edition of follows the logic of the devela comprehensive opment of mathematics rather undergraduate mathematics text for than that of an economics economics students. course. The only prerequisite is high school algebra, but the book goes on to cover all the mathematics needed for undergraduate economics. It is also a useful reference for graduate students. After a review of the fundamentals of sets, numbers, and functions, the book covers limits and continuity, the calculus of functions of one variable, linear algebra, multivariate calculus, and dynamics. To develop the student’s problem-solving skills, the book works through a large number of examples and economic applications. This streamlined third edition offers an array of new and updated examples.
Michael Hoy is Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Guelph, Ontario. John Livernois is Professor and Chair of the Department of Economics at the University of Guelph. Chris McKenna is Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Guelph. Thanasis Stengos is Professor of Economics at the University of Guelph. Ray Rees is Professor of Economics (Emeritus) at the Center for Economic Studies (CES), University of Munich.
March — 8 x 9, 976 pp. $90.00X/£63.00 cloth 978-0-262-01507-3 $59.00X/£42.95 ISE 978-0-262-51622-8 International Student Edition not available in the USA or Canada.
STUDENT SOLUTIONS MANUAL FOR MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMICS
Michael Hoy, John Livernois, Chris McKenna, Ray Rees, and Thanasis Stengos
This e-book solutions manual contains the full solutions to odd-numbered problems in the main text.
$30.00X/£22.95 Visit mitpress.edu/math_econ3 for more information about ancillary materials.
political science/economics economics/humanities
Measuring, Electing, and Ranking Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki
In Majority Judgment, Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki argue that the traditional theory of social choice offers no acceptable solution to the problems of how to elect, to judge, or to rank. They find that the traditional model — transforming the An account of a new “preference lists” of individuals theory and method of voting, judging into a “preference list” of sociand ranking, majority ety — is fundamentally flawed judgment, shown to be in both theory and practice. superior to all other Balinski and Laraki propose known methods. a more realistic model. It leads to an entirely new theory and method — majority judgment — proven superior to all known methods. It is at once meaningful, resists strategic manipulation, elicits honesty, and is not subject to the classical paradoxes encountered in practice, notably Condorcet’s and Arrow’s. They offer theoretical, practical, and experimental evidence — from national elections to figure skating competitions — to support their arguments. Drawing on insights from wine, sports, music, and other competitions, Balinski and Laraki argue that the question should not be how to transform many individual rankings into a single collective ranking, but rather, after defining a common language of grades to measure merit, how to transform the many individual evaluations of each competitor into a single collective evaluation of all competitors. The crux of the matter is a new model in which the traditional paradigm — to compare — is replaced by a new paradigm — to evaluate.
Michel Balinski is Directeur de Recherche de classe exceptionnelle (Emeritus), C.N.R.S. and the Laboratoire d’Econométrie, Département d’Économie, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France. Rida Laraki is Chargé de Recherche de première classe, C.N.R.S., Laboratoire d’Econométrie, Professeur, Département d’Économie, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, and Chercheur Associé, Équipe Combinatoire et Optimisation, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. March — 6 x 9, 440 pp. — 2 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01513-4
GAME THEORY AND THE HUMANITIES
Bridging Two Worlds Steven J. Brams
Game theory models are ubiquitous in economics, common in political science, and increasingly used in psychology and sociology; in evolutionary biology, they offer compelling explanations for competition in nature. But game theory has been How game theory can only sporadically applied to the offer insights into literary, historical, humanities; indeed, we almost and philosophical texts never associate mathematical ranging from Macbeth to Supreme Court decisions. calculations of strategic choice with the worlds of literature, history, and philosophy. And yet, as Steven Brams shows, game theory can illuminate the rational choices made by characters in texts ranging from the Bible to Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 and can explicate strategic questions in law, history, and philosophy. Brams’s strategic exegesis of texts helps the reader relate characters’ goals to their choices and the consequences of those choices. Much of his analysis is based on the theory of moves (TOM), which is grounded in game theory, and which he develops gradually and applies systematically throughout. TOM illuminates the dynamics of player choices, including their misperceptions, deceptions, and uses of different kinds of power. The reader gains not just new insights into the actions of certain literary and historical characters but also a larger strategic perspective on the choices that make us human.
Steven J. Brams is Professor of Politics at New York University. He is the author of Biblical Games: Game Theory and the Hebrew Bible (MIT Press, revised edition 2003), Mathematics and Democracy: Designing Better Voting and Fair-Division Procedures, and other books. March — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 35 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01522-6
PERSPECTIVES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE CONTINENTAL ECONOMIES
edited by Edmund S. Phelps and Hans-Werner Sinn
Economists disagree on what ails the economies of continental western Europe, which are widely perceived to be underperforming in Leading economists terms of productivity and other consider the apparent underperformance of metrics. Is it some deficiency in the European economy, their economic system — in testing various economic institutions or culexplanations tural attitudes? Is it some effect against data. of their welfare systems of social insurance and assistance? Or are these systems healthy enough but weighed down by adverse market conditions? In this volume, leading economists test the various explanations for Europe’s economic underperformance against real-world data. The chapters, written from widely varying perspectives, demonstrate the shortcomings and strengths of some methods of economics as much as they do the shortcomings and strengths of some economies of western continental Europe. Many offer policy recommendations, which range from developing institutions that promote entrepreneurship to using early education to increase human capital.
CONTRIBUTORS Philippe Aghion, Amar Bhidé, Roman Frydman,
Robert Gordon, James Heckman, Anders Hoffmann, Hian Teck Hoon, Bas Jacobs, Harold James, Omar Khan, Ioana Marinescu, Edmund S. Phelps, Andrzej Rapaczynski, Richard Robb, Jeffrey Sachs, Robert Shiller, Hans-Werner Sinn, Gylfi Zoega Edmund S. Phelps is McVickar Professor of Political Economy at Columbia University and founder of Columbia’s Center on Capitalism and Society. He was the 2006 Nobel Laureate in Economics. Hans-Werner Sinn is President of the Ifo Institute for Economic Research and Professor of Economics and Public Finance at the University of Munich, where he is also the Director of the Center for Economic Studies. He is the author of Can Germany Be Saved?: The Malaise of the World’s First Welfare State (MIT Press, 2007) and Casino Capitalism: How the Financial Crisis Came About and What Needs to Be Done Now. May — 6 x 9, 496 pp. — 78 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01531-8 CESifo Seminar series
FERTILITY AND PUBLIC POLICY
How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates edited by Noriyuki Takayama and Martin Werding
In 2050, world population growth is predicted to come almost to a halt. Shortly thereafter it may well start to shrink. A major reason behind this shift is the fertility decline that has taken place in Experts discuss the many developed countries. In appropriateness and effectiveness of this book, experts discuss the using public policy appropriateness and effectiveto influence fertility ness of using public policy to decisions. influence fertility decisions. Contributors discuss the general feasibility of public interventions in the area of fertility, analyze fertility patterns and policy design in such countries as Japan, South Korea, China, Sweden, and France, and offer theoretical analyses of parental fertility choices that provide an overview of a broad array of child-related policy instruments in a number of OECD and EU countries. The chapters show that it is difficult to gauge the effectiveness of such policy interventions as child-care subsidies, support for women’s labor-force participation, and tax incentives. Data are often incomplete, causal relations unproved, and the role of social norms and culture difficult to account for. Investigating reasons for the decline in fertility more closely will require further study. This volume offers the latest work on this increasingly important subject.
CONTRIBUTORS Gunnar Andersson, Reiko Aoki, Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Jonathan Bradshaw, Yoonyoung Cho, Alessandro Cigno, Tamotsu Kadoda, Yoko Konishi, Seiritsu Ogura, Xizhe Peng, Warren Sanderson, Noriyuki Takayama, Olivier Thévenon, Martin Werding
Noriyuki Takayama is Professor of Economics at the Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo. Martin Werding is Professor of Social Policy and Social Economy at Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum and Research Professor at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research. He is the editor of Structural Unemployment in Western Europe: Reasons and Remedies (2006) and coauthor of Children and Pensions (2007), both published by the MIT Press. February — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 51 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01451-9 CESifo Seminar series
ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF CROSS SECTION AND PANEL DATA
Jeffrey M. Wooldridge
The second edition of this acclaimed graduate text provides a unified treatment of the analysis of two kinds of data structures used in contemporary econometric research, cross section data and panel data. The book covers both linear and nonlinear models, including models with dynamics and/or individual heterogeneity. In addition to general estimation frameworks (particularly methods of moments and maximum likelihood), specific linear and nonlinear methods are covered in detail, including probit and logit models, multinomial and ordered choice models, Tobit models and two-part extensions, models for count data, various censored and missing data schemes, causal (or treatment) effect estimation, and duration analysis. Control function and correlated random effects approaches are expanded to allow estimation of complicated models in the presence of endogeneity and heterogeneity. This second edition has been substantially updated and revised. Improvements include a broader class of models for missing data problems; more detailed treatment of cluster sampling problems, an important topic for empirical researchers; expanded discussion of “generalized instrumental variables” (GIV) estimation; new coverage of inverse probability weighting; a more complete framework for estimating treatment effects with assumptions concerning the intervention and different data structures, including panel data, and a firmly established link between econometric approaches to nonlinear panel data and the “generalized estimating equation” literature popular in statistics and other fields. New attention is given to explaining when particular econometric methods can be applied; the goal is not only to tell readers what does work, but why certain “obvious” procedures do not. The numerous included exercises, both theoretical and computer-based, allow the reader to extend methods covered in the text and discover new insights.
Jeffrey M. Wooldridge is University Distinguished Professor of Economics at Michigan State University and a Fellow of the Econometric Society.
The second edition of a comprehensive, state-of-the-art graduate level text on microeconometric methods, substantially revised and updated.
Available 8 x 9, 1,096 pp. $90.00X/£49.95 cloth 978-0-262-23258-6
SOLUTIONS MANUAL AND SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS FOR ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF CROSS SECTION AND PANEL DATA
Jeffrey M. Wooldridge
This manual contains advice for answers to odd-numbered problems, new examples, and supplementary materials designed by the author, which work together to enhance the benefits of the text. Users of the textbook will find the manual a necessary adjunct to the book.
8 1/2 x 11, 280 pp. $30.00X/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-73183-6
“I highly recommend this book for graduate classes in econometrics. We have used it at MIT and the students find it extremely helpful. Wooldridge covers topics in a highly readable and insightful way.” — Jerry Hausman, John and Jennie S. MacDonald Professor of Economics, MIT
political science/international security
An expert explains why the security needs of the twenty-first century require a transformation of the defense industry of the twentieth century.
Creating a Twenty-First-Century Defense Industry Jacques S. Gansler
New geopolitical realities — including terrorism, pandemics, rogue nuclear states, resource conflicts, insurgencies, mass migration, economic collapse, and cyber attacks — have created a dramatically different national security environment for America. Twentieth-century defense strategies, technologies, and industrial practices will not meet the security requirements of a post-9/11 world. In Democracy’s Arsenal, Jacques Gansler describes the transformations needed in government and industry to achieve a new, more effective system of national defense. Drawing on his decades of experience in industry, government, and academia, Gansler argues that the old model of ever-increasing defense expenditures on largely outmoded weapons systems must be replaced by a strategy that combines a healthy economy, effective international relations, and a strong (but affordable) national security posture. The defense industry must remake itself to become responsive and relevant to the needs of twenty-first-century security. Gansler discusses such topics as the globalization of defense business, consolidation and greatly reduced competition in the defense industry, the blemished performance of the Defense Department and the dysfunctional behavior of Congress, and the role of defense contractors and their employees in supporting combat operations. He outlines clearly the changes that need to be made in the industry and in Defense Department business practices. He concludes that we can meet the new challenges of national security — but only if we acknowledge that a total transformation is necessary, and we find leaders with the vision, the strategy, the set of actions, and the courage necessary to overcome the expected resistance to change.
Jacques S. Gansler is the author of the influential books The Defense Industry (1980), Affording Defense (1989), and Defense Conversion: Transforming the Arsenal of Democracy. (1998), all published by the MIT Press. He is currently Professor and Roger C. Lipitz Chair in Public Policy and Private Enterprise in the School of Public Policy and Director of the Sloan Center Biotechnology Industry Center at the University of Maryland; he was Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics from 1997 to 2001.
June 7 x 9, 464 pp. 32 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-07299-1 Belfer Center Studies in International Security
political science/international security political science/international security
OUR OWN WORST ENEMY?
Institutional Interests and the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Expertise Sharon K. Weiner
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, many observers feared that terrorists and rogue states would obtain weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or knowledge about how to build them An examination of the from the vast Soviet nuclear, effectiveness of knowledge nonproliferation biological, and chemical programs implemented weapons complex. The United by the United States States launched a major effort after the fall of the to prevent former Soviet Soviet Union. WMD experts, suddenly without salaries, from peddling their secrets. In Our Own Worst Enemy, Sharon Weiner chronicles the design, implementation, and evolution of four U.S. programs that were central to this nonproliferation policy and assesses their successes and failures. Weiner examines the parlous state of the former Soviet nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons complex, the contentious domestic political debate within the United States, and most critically, the institutional interests and dynamics of the Defense, State, and Energy departments, which were charged with preventing the spread of WMD expertise. She explains why — despite unprecedented cooperation between the former Cold War adversaries — U.S. nonproliferation programs did not succeed at redirecting or converting to civilian uses significant parts of the former Soviet weapons complex. She shows how each of the U.S. government bureaucracies responsible for managing vital nonproliferation policies let its own organizational interests trump U.S. national security needs.
Sharon K. Weiner is Associate Professor in the School of International Service at American University.
DO DEMOCRACIES WIN THEIR WARS?
edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller
In recent years, a new wave of scholarship has argued that democracies have unique advantages that enable them to compete vigorously in international politics. Challenging long-held beliefs — some of which go back to Thucydides’ account of Important contributions the clash between democratic from both sides of Athens and authoritarian the debate over the relationship between Sparta — that democracy is a democracy and liability in the harsh world of military victory. international affairs, many scholars now claim that democracies win most of their wars. Critics counter that democracy itself makes little difference in war and that other factors, such as overall power, determine whether a country tastes victory or defeat. In some cases, such as the Vietnam War, democracy may even have contributed to defeat. The book includes crucial contributions to the debate over democracy and military victory.
CONTRIBUTORS Risa A. Brooks, Ajin Choi, Michael C. Desch, Alexander B. Downes, David A. Lake, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Dan Reiter, John M. Schuessler, Allan C. Stam
Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. Owen R. Coté Jr. is Associate Director of the Security Studies Program at MIT. Sean M. Lynn-Jones is a Research Associate in the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University and Editor of its quarterly publication International Security. Steven E. Miller is Editor-in-Chief of International Security and Director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center.
“Ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses, and indeed for anyone who thinks seriously about the conduct of war.” — John J. Mearsheimer, University of Chicago, author of Why Leaders Lie: The Truth about Lying in International Politics “The electric point/counterpoint on display here will keep students riveted as they learn what sharp-minded social science has to offer.” — Jack Snyder, Columbia University, coauthor of Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War
April — 6 x 9, 336 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51590-0 International Security Readers
“This sobering account is essential reading for all those interested in more effective programs to reduce proliferation threats around the world, and for those interested in the nitty gritty of how national security agencies manage or fail to manage new and unfamiliar challenges.” — Matthew Bunn, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, author of Securing the Bomb
April — 6 1/8 x 9 1/4, 360 pp. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51588-7 $54.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01565-3 Belfer Center Studies in International Security
political science/law environment/public policy
CHILDREN WITHOUT A STATE
A Global Human Rights Challenge edited by Jacqueline Bhabha foreword by Mary Robinson
Children are among the most vulnerable citizens of the world, with a special need for the protections, rights, and services offered by states. And yet children are The first book to address particularly at risk from statelessness. Thirty-six percent children’s statelessness and lack of legal status of all births in the world are as a human rights issue. not registered, leaving more than forty-eight million children under the age of five with no legal identity and no formal claim on any state. Millions of other children are born stateless or become undocumented as a result of migration. Children Without a State is the first book to examine how statelessness affects children throughout the world, examining this largely unexplored problem from a human rights perspective. The human rights repercussions range from dramatic abuses (detention and deportation) to social marginalization (lack of access to education and health care). The book provides a variety of examples, including chapters on Palestinian children in Israel, undocumented young people seeking higher education in the United States, unaccompanied child migrants in Spain, Roma children in Italy, irregular internal child migrants in China, and children in mixed legal/illegal families in the United States.
CONTRIBUTORS Christina O. Alfirev, Jacqueline Bhabha, Luca Bicocchi, Brad K. Blitz, Kirsten Di Martino, Bela Hovy, Jyothi Kanics, Linda K. Kerber, Stephen H. Legomsky, Mary Robinson, Elena Rozzi, Daniel Senovilla-Hernández, Simon Szreter, David B. Thronson, Caroline Vandenabeele
Jacqueline Bhabha is Harvard University Adviser to the Provost on Human Rights Education, Jeremiah Smith, Jr., Lecturer at Harvard Law School, and Lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. She is the coauthor of Seeking Asylum Alone: Unaccompanied and Separated Children and Refugee Protection. March — 6 x 9, 408 pp. — 1 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01527-1
BEYOND RESOURCE WARS
Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation edited by Shlomi Dinar
Common wisdom holds that the earth’s dwindling natural resources and increasing environmental degradation will inevitably lead to inter-state conflict, and possibly even set off “resource wars.” An argument that Many scholars and policymakresource scarcity and environmental ers have considered the envidegradation can ronmental roots of violent provide an impetus conflict and instability, but for cooperation little attention has been paid among countries. to the idea that scarcity and degradation may actually play a role in fostering interstate cooperation. Beyond Resource Wars fills this gap, offering a different perspective on the links between environmental problems and inter-state conflict. Although the contributors do not deny that resource scarcity and environmental degradation may become sources of contention, they argue that these conditions also provide the impetus for cooperation, coordination, and negotiation between states. The book examines aspects of environmental conflict and cooperation in detail, across a number of natural resources and issues including oil, water, climate change, ocean pollution, and biodiversity conservation.
CONTRIBUTORS J. Samuel Barkin, Elizabeth R. DeSombre, Shlomi Dinar, Christopher J. Fettweis, Gabriela Kütting, Robert Mendelsohn, G. Kristin Rosendal, Miranda A. Schreurs, Deborah J. Shields, Šlavko V. Šolar
Shlomi Dinar is Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and International Relations at Florida International University. He is the author of International Water Treaties: Negotiation and Cooperation along Transboundary Rivers and coauthor of Bridges over Water: Understanding Transboundary Water Conflict, Negotiation, and Cooperation. March — 6 x 9, 336 pp. — 2 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51558-0 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01497-7 Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation series
environment/political science/economics environment/sociology/political science
PATHS TO A GREEN WORLD
The Political Economy of the Global Environment
ENVIRONMENTAL INEQUALITIES BEYOND BORDERS
Local Perspectives on Global Injustices edited by JoAnn Carmin and Julian Agyeman
Multinational corporations often exploit natural resources or locate factories in poor countries far from the demand for the products and profits that result. Case studies demonstrate Developed countries also the spatial disconnect routinely dump hazardous between global materials and produce greenconsumption and house gas emissions that have production and its a disproportionate impact effects on local environmental quality on developing countries. and human rights. This book investigates how these and other globalized practices exact high social and environmental costs as poor, local communities are forced to cope with depleted resources, pollution, health problems, and social and cultural disruption. Case studies drawn from Africa, Asia, the Pacific Rim, and Latin America critically assess how diverse types of global inequalities play out on local terrains. The result is a rich perspective not only on the ways industries, governments, and consumption patterns can further entrench existing inequalities but also on how emerging networks and movements can foster institutional change and promote social equality and environmental justice.
CONTRIBUTORS Mary A. Ackley, Julian Agyeman, Saleem H. Ali, Alison Hope Alkon, Isabelle Anguelovski, Beth Schaefer Caniglia, JoAnn Carmin, Barbara Hicks, Tammy L. Lewis, David Naguib Pellow, Debra Roberts, Lisa A. Schweitzer, Max Stephenson Jr., Saskia Vermeylen, Gordon Walker, Patricia Widener
JoAnn Carmin is Associate Professor of Environmental Policy and Planning in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT. Julian Agyeman is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning at Tufts University. April — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 1 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51587-0 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01551-6 Urban and Industrial Environments series
Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne
This comprehensive and accessible book fills the need for a political economy view of global environmental politics, focusing on the ways A new edition of international economic a book that takes processes affect environmental a comprehensive look at the ways economic outcomes. It examines the processes affect global main actors and forces shaping environmental outcomes. global environmental management, particularly in the developing world. Moving beyond the usual emphasis on international agreements and institutions, it strives to capture not only academic theoretical debates but also views on politics, economics, and the environment within the halls of global conferences, on the streets during antiglobalization protests, and in the boardrooms of international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and industry associations. The second edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect recent events, including the food crisis of 2007-2008, the financial meltdown of 2008, and the Copenhagen Climate Conference of 2009. Topics covered include the environmental implications of globalization; wealth, poverty, and consumption; global trade; transnational corporations; and multilateral and private finance.
Jennifer Clapp is CIGI Chair in Global Environmental Governance and Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Waterloo. She is the coeditor of Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance (MIT Press, 2009) and coeditor of the journal Global Environmental Politics (MIT Press). Peter Dauvergne is Professor of Political Science, Canada Research Chair in Global Environmental Politics, and Director of the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment (MIT Press, 2008). March — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 30 illus. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51582-5
environment/public policy environment/sociology
Information Disclosure and Environmental Performance Michael E. Kraft, Mark Stephan, and Troy D. Abel
Coming Clean is the first book to investigate the process of information disclosure as a policy strategy for environmental protection. This process, which requires that firms disclose information An investigation into about their environmental the policy effects of requiring firms to performance, is part of an disclose information approach to environmental about their protection that eschews the environmental conventional command-andperformance. control regulatory apparatus, which sometimes leads government and industry to focus on meeting only minimal standards. The authors of Coming Clean examine the effectiveness of information disclosure in achieving actual improvements in corporate environmental performance by analyzing data from the federal government’s Toxics Release Inventory, or TRI, and drawing on an original set of survey data from corporations and federal, state, and local officials, among other sources. The authors find that TRI — probably the bestknown example of information disclosure — has had a substantial effect over time on the environmental performance of industry. But, drawing on case studies from across the nation, they show that the improvement is not uniform: some facilities have been leaders while others have been laggards. The authors argue that information disclosure has an important role to play in environmental policy — but only as part of an integrated set of policy tools that includes conventional regulation.
Michael E. Kraft is Professor of Political Science and Public Policy and Herbert Fisk Johnson Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Green Bay. He is the author of Environmental Policy and Politics. Mark Stephan is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Washington State University, Vancouver. Troy D. Abel is Assistant Professor in the Environmental Studies Department at the Huxley College of the Environment at Western Washington University. March — 6 x 9, 264 pp. — 1 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51557-3 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01495-3 American and Comparative Environmental Policy series
LIVING IN DENIAL
Climate Change, Emotions, and Everyday Life Kari Marie Norgaard
Global warming is the most significant environmental issue of our time, yet public response in Western nations has been meager. Why have so few taken any action? In Living in Denial, sociologist An analysis of why Kari Norgaard searches for people with knowledge about climate change answers to this question, often fail to translate drawing on interviews and that knowledge into ethnographic data from her action. study of “Bygdaby,” the fictional name of an actual rural community in western Norway, during the unusually warm winter of 2001-2002. Stories in local and national newspapers linked the warm winter explicitly to global warming. Yet residents did not write letters to the editor, pressure politicians, or cut down on use of fossil fuels. Norgaard attributes this lack of response to the phenomenon of socially organized denial, by which information about climate science is known in the abstract but disconnected from political, social, and private life, and sees this as emblematic of how citizens of industrialized countries are responding to global warming. Norgaard finds that for the highly educated and politically savvy residents of Bygdaby, global warming was both common knowledge and unimaginable. Norgaard traces this denial through multiple levels, from emotions to cultural norms to political economy. Her report from Bygdaby, supplemented by comparisons throughout the book to the United States, tells a larger story behind our paralysis in the face of today’s alarming predictions from climate scientists.
Kari Marie Norgaard is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies at Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington. April — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 11 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51585-6 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01544-8
biology/cognitive science/environment neuroscience
CHIMERAS AND CONSCIOUSNESS
Evolution of the Sensory Self edited by Lynn Margulis, Celeste A. Asikainen, and Wolfgang E. Krumbein
Chimeras and Consciousness begins the inquiry into the evolution of the collective sensitivities of life. Scientistscholars from a range of fields — including biochemistry, cell biology, history of Scientists elucidate the science, family therapy, genetastounding collective sensory capacity of ics, microbial ecology, and Earth and its evolution primatology — trace the through time. emergence and evolution of consciousness. Complex behaviors and the social imperatives of bacteria and other life forms during 3,000 million years of Earth history gave rise to mammalian cognition. Awareness and sensation led to astounding activities; millions of species incessantly interacted to form our planet’s complex conscious system. Our planetmates, all of them conscious to some degree, were joined only recently by us, the aggressive modern humans. Since early bacteria avoided, produced, and eventually used oxygen, Earth’s sensory systems have expanded and complexified. Taken together, these provocative essays, going far beyond science but undergirded by the finest science, serve to put sensitive, sensible life in its cosmic context.
Lynn Margulis, an originator of cell symbiotic theory of cell evolution, is Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where Celeste A. Asikainen, a geologist, is the administrator of the Margulis Laboratory and a doctoral student. Wolfgang E. Krumbein, formerly at Oldenburg University in Germany, is counted among the founders of geomicrobiology and biogeochemistry, new scientific fields especially relevant to global climate and planetary biology. March — 6 x 9, 336 pp. — 12 color illus., 42 black & white illus. $29.00S/£21.95 paper 978-0-262-51583-2 $58.00S/£42.95 cloth 978-0-262-01539-4
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF FMRI DATA
F. Gregory Ashby
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which allows researchers to observe neural activity in the human brain noninvasively, has revolutionized the scientific study of the mind. An fMRI experiment produces massive amounts of highly complex An overview of data; researchers face signifistatistical methods for analyzing data from cant challenges in analyzing fMRI experiments. the data they collect. This book offers an overview of the most widely used statistical methods of analyzing fMRI data. Every step is covered, from preprocessing to advanced methods for assessing functional connectivity. The goal is not to describe which buttons to push in the popular software packages but to help readers understand the basic underlying logic, the assumptions, the strengths and weaknesses, and the appropriateness of each method. The book covers all of the important current topics in fMRI data analysis, including the relation of the fMRI BOLD (blood oxygen-level dependent) response to neural activation; basic analyses done in virtually every fMRI article — preprocessing, constructing statistical parametrical maps using the general linear model, solving the multiple comparison problem, and group analyses; the most popular methods for assessing functional connectivity — coherence analysis and Granger causality; two widely used multivariate approaches, principal components analysis and independent component analysis; and a brief survey of other current fMRI methods.
F. Gregory Ashby is Professor and Chair in the Department of Psychology and former Director of the Brain Imaging Center at the University of California, Santa Barbara. March — 7 x 9, 368 pp. — 67 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01504-2
A survey of the latest research, covering such topics as plasticity in the adult brain and the underlying mechanisms of plasticity.
New Perspectives edited by Leo M. Chalupa, Nicoletta Berardi, Matteo Caleo, Lucia Galli-Resta, and Tommaso Pizzorusso
The notion that neurons in the living brain can change in response to experience — a phenomenon known as “plasticity” — has become a major conceptual issue in neuroscience research as well as a practical focus for the fields of neural rehabilitation and neurodegenerative disease. Early work dealt with the plasticity of the developing brain and demonstrated the critical role played by sensory experience in normal development. Two broader themes have emerged in recent studies: the plasticity of the adult brain (one of the most rapidly developing areas of current research) and the search for the underlying mechanisms of plasticity — explanations for the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic factors controlling plasticity. Many scientists believe that achieving a fundamental understanding of what underlies neuronal plasticity could help us treat neurological disorders and even improve the learning capabilities of the human brain. This volume offers contributions from leaders in the field that cover all three approaches to the study of cerebral plasticity. Chapters treat normal development and the influences of environmental manipulations; cerebral plasticity in adulthood; and underlying mechanisms of plasticity. Other chapters deal with plastic changes in neurological conditions and with the enhancement of plasticity as a strategy for brain repair.
Leo M. Chalupa is Vice President for Research and Professor of Pharmacology and Physiology at the George Washington University in Washington, D.C. He is the coeditor of two major reference works published by the MIT Press: The Visual Neurosciences (2003) and Eye, Retina, and Visual System of the Mouse (2008). Nicoletta Berardi, Matteo Caleo, Lucia Galli-Resta, and Tommaso Pizzorusso are members of the research staff at the CNR Institute of Neuroscience, Pisa.
May 7 x 9, 432 pp. 13 color plates, 77 black & white illus. $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01523-3
Also available THE VISUAL NEUROSCIENCES edited by Leo M. Chalupa and John S. Werner 2003, 978-0-262-03308-4 $205.00S/£151.95 cloth EYE, RETINA, AND VISUAL SYSTEM OF THE MOUSE edited by Leo M. Chalupa and Robert W. Williams 2008, 978-0-262-03381-7 $135.00S/£84.95 cloth
neuroscience neuroscience/vision/computer science
NEURAL CONTROL ENGINEERING
The Emerging Intersection between Control Theory and Neuroscience Steven J. Schiff
Over the past sixty years, powerful methods of modelbased control engineering have been responsible for such dramatic advances in engineering systems as autolanding aircraft, autonomous vehicles, How powerful new and even weather forecasting. methods in nonlinear control engineering Over those same decades, our can be applied to models of the nervous system neuroscience, from have evolved from single-cell fundamental model formulation to advanced membranes to neuronal netmedical applications. works to large-scale models of the human brain. Yet until recently control theory was completely inapplicable to the types of nonlinear models being developed in neuroscience. The revolution in nonlinear control engineering in the late 1990s has made the intersection of control theory and neuroscience possible. In Neural Control Engineering, Steven Schiff seeks to bridge the two fields, examining the application of new methods in nonlinear control engineering to neuroscience. After presenting extensive material on formulating computational neuroscience models in a control environment — including some fundamentals of the algorithms helpful in crossing the divide from intuition to effective application — Schiff examines a range of applications, including brain-machine interfaces and neural simulation. He reports on research that he and his colleagues have undertaken showing that nonlinear control theory methods can be applied to models of single cells, small neuronal networks, and large-scale networks in disease states of Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy. The book will serve as an essential guide for scientists in either biology or engineering and for physicians who wish to gain expertise in these areas.
Steven J. Schiff, a board-certified neurosurgeon, is Brush Chair Professor of Engineering and Director of the Center for Neural Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. June — 7 x 9, 504 pp. — 31 color plates, 203 black & white illus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01537-0 Computational Neuroscience series
A COMPUTATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON VISUAL ATTENTION
John K. Tsotsos
Although William James declared in 1890, “Everyone knows what attention is,” today there are many different and sometimes opposing views on the subject. This fragmented theoretical landscape may be because most of the theories and models of The derivation, attention offer explanations exposition, and justification of the in natural language or in a Selective Tuning model pictorial manner rather than of vision and attention. providing a quantitative and unambiguous statement of the theory. They focus on the manifestations of attention instead of its rationale. In this book, John Tsotsos develops a formal model of visual attention with the goal of providing a theoretical explanation for why humans (and animals) must have the capacity to attend. He takes a unique approach to the theory, using the full breadth of the language of computation — rather than simply the language of mathematics — as the formal means of description. The result, the Selective Tuning model of vision and attention, explains attentive behavior in humans and provides a foundation for building computer systems that see with human-like characteristics. The overarching conclusion is that human vision is based on a general purpose processor that can be dynamically tuned to the task and the scene viewed on a moment-bymoment basis. The text is accompanied by more than 100 illustrations in black and white and color; additional color illustrations and movies are available on the book’s Web site.
John K. Tsotsos is Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, Distinguished Research Professor of Vision Science, Canada Research Chair in Computational Vision at York University, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC). May — 7 x 9, 328 pp. — 15 color plates, 102 black & white illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01541-7
history of science/evolution evolution/biology
TRANSFORMATIONS OF LAMARCKISM
From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology edited by Snait Gissis and Eva Jablonka
In 1809 — the year of Charles Darwin’s birth — Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach emphasizes the generation A reappraisal of of developmental variations; Lamarckism — its historical impact Darwinism stresses selection. and contemporary Lamarck’s ideas were eventusignificance. ally eclipsed by Darwinian concepts, especially after the emergence of the Modern Synthesis in the twentieth century. The different approaches — which can be seen as complementary rather than mutually exclusive — have important implications for the kinds of questions biologists ask and for the type of research they conduct. Lamarckism has been evolving — or, in Lamarckian terminology, transforming — since Philosophie zoologique’s description of biological processes mediated by “subtle fluids.” Essays in this book focus on new developments in biology that make Lamarck’s ideas relevant not only to modern empirical and theoretical research but also to problems in the philosophy of biology.
CONTRIBUTORS Natalie Q. Balaban, Ramray Bhat, Erez Braun, Marcello Buiatti, Tatjana Buklijas, Richard W. Burkhardt Jr., Pietro Corsi, Lior David, Raphael Falk, Moshe Feldman, Evelyn Fox Keller, Scott Gilbert, Simona Ginsburg, Snait B. Gissis, Sander Gliboff, Peter D. Gluckman, James Griesemer, Paul Griffiths, Mark A. Hanson, Luisa Hirschbein, Eva Jablonka, Marion Lamb, Ehud Lamm, Laurent Loison, Avraham A. Levy, Yigal Liverant, Arkady L. Markel, Everett Mendelsohn, Gabriel Motzkin, Stuart A. Newman, Amos Oppenheim, Sivan Pearl, Dov Francis Por, Minoo Rassoulzadegan, Nils Rolls-Hansen, Jan Sapp, Ayelet Shavit, Sonia E. Sultan, Alfred I. Tauber, Lyudmila N. Trut, Charlotte Weissman, Adam Wilkins
Snait Gissis and Eva Jablonka are on the faculty of the Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas at Tel Aviv University. Jablonka is the coauthor of Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life (MIT Press, 2005). April — 7 x 9, 448 pp. — 23 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01514-1 Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology
THE MAJOR TRANSITIONS IN EVOLUTION REVISITED
edited by Brett Calcott and Kim Sterelny
In 1995, John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry published their influential book The Major Transitions in Evolution. The “transitions” that Maynard Smith and Szathmáry chose to describe all constituted major changes in the kinds of organDrawing on recent advances in evolutionary isms that existed but, most biology, prominent important, these events also scholars return to the transformed the evolutionary question posed in a pathbreaking book: how process itself. The evolution of evolution itself evolved. new levels of biological organization, such as chromosomes, cells, multicelled organisms, and complex social groups radically changed the kinds of individuals natural selection could act upon. Many of these events also produced revolutionary changes in the process of inheritance, by expanding the range and fidelity of transmission, establishing new inheritance channels, and developing more open-ended sources of variation. Maynard Smith and Szathmáry had planned a major revision of their work, but the death of Maynard Smith in 2004 prevented this. In this volume, prominent scholars (including Szathmáry himself ) reconsider and extend the earlier book’s themes in light of recent developments in evolutionary biology. The contributors discuss different frameworks for understanding macroevolution, prokaryote evolution (the study of which has been aided by developments in molecular biology), and the complex evolution of multicellularity.
Brett Calcott is a postdoctoral researcher in the Philosophy Program in the Research School of the Social Sciences at Australia National University and a founding member of ANU’s Centre for Macroevolution and Macroecology. Kim Sterelny is Professor of Philosophy at both the ANU and Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand. He is the author or editor of many books, including Language and Reality (second edition, MIT Press, 1999), and the editor of the MIT Press series Life and Mind. March — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 36 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01524-0 Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology
computer science/information systems linguistics
MODELING BUSINESS PROCESSES
A Petri Net-Oriented Approach Wil van der Aalst and Christian Stahl
This comprehensive introduction to modeling businessinformation systems focuses on business processes. It describes and demonstrates the formal modeling of processes in terms of Petri nets, using a well-established theory for capturing and anaAn introduction to the lyzing models with concurmodeling of business information systems, rency. The precise semantics of with processes formally this formal method offers a modeled using Petri nets. distinct advantage for modeling processes over the industrial modeling languages found in other books on the subject. Moreover, the simplicity and expressiveness of the Petri nets concept make it an ideal language for explaining foundational concepts and constructing exercises. After an overview of business information systems, the book introduces the modeling of processes in terms of classical Petri nets. This is then extended with data, time, and hierarchy to model all aspects of a process. Finally, the book explores analysis of Petri net models to detect design flaws and errors in the design process. The text, accessible to a broad audience of professionals and students, keeps technicalities to a minimum and offers numerous examples to illustrate the concepts covered. Exercises at different levels of difficulty make the book ideal for independent study or classroom use.
Wil van der Aalst is Professor of Information Systems at Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands. He is the coauthor (with Kees van Hee) of Workflow Management: Models, Methods, and Systems (MIT Press, 2004). Christian Stahl is a postdoctural researcher at Eindhoven University of Technology. May — 7 x 9, 376 pp. — 257 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01538-7 Cooperative Information Systems series
Chomsky showed that no description of natural language syntax would be adequate without some notion of movement operations in a syntactic derivation. It now seems likely that such movement transformations are formally simple operations, in which a single phrase is displaced from its original A new theory of position within a phrase syntactic movement within a Chomskyan marker, but after more than framework. fifty years of generative theorizing, the mechanics of syntactic movement are still murky and controversial. In Provocative Syntax, Phil Branigan examines the forces that drive syntactic movement and offers a new synthetic model of the basic movement operation by reassembling in a novel way isolated ideas that have been suggested elsewhere in the literature. The unifying concept is the operation of provocation, which occurs in the course of feature valuation when certain probes seek a value for their unvalued features by identifying a goal. Provocation forces the generation of a copy of the goal; the copy originates outside the original phrase marker and must then be introduced into it. In this approach, movement is not forced by the need for extra positions; extra positions are generated because movement is taking place. After presenting the central proposal and showing its implementation in the analyses of various familiar cases of syntactic movement, Branigan demonstrates the effects of provocation in a variety of inversion constructions, examines interactions between head and phrasal provocation within the “left periphery” of Germanic embedded clauses, and describes the details of chain formation and successive cyclic movement in a provocation model.
Phil Branigan is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at Memorial University in Newfoundland. February — 6 x 9, 184 pp. — 1 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51559-7 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01499-1 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 61
EDGE-BASED CLAUSAL SYNTAX
A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure Paul M. Postal
In Edge-Based Clausal Syntax, Paul Postal rejects the notion that an English phrase of the form [V + DP] invariably involves a grammatical relation properly characterized as a direct object. He argues instead that at least three distinct relations An argument that occur in such a structure. The there are three kinds of English grammatical different syntactic properties of objects, each with these three kinds of objects are different syntactic shown by how they behave in properties. passives, middles, -able forms, tough movement, wh-movement, Heavy NP Shift, Ride Node Raising, re-prefixation, and many other tests. This proposal renders Postal’s position sharply different from that of Chomsky, who defined a direct object structurally as [NP, VP], and with the traditional linguistics text’s definition of the direct object as the DP sister of V. According to Postal’s framework, sentence structures are complex graph structures built on nodes (vertices) and edges (arcs). The node that heads a particular edge represents a constituent that bears the grammatical relation named by the edge label to its tail node. This approach allows two DPs that have very different grammatical properties to occupy what looks like identical structural positions. The contrasting behaviors of direct objects, which at first seem anomalous — even grammatically chaotic — emerge in Postal’s account as nonanomalous, as symptoms of hitherto ungrasped structural regularity.
Paul M. Postal is Adjunct/Research Professor in the Department of Linguistics at New York University. He is the author of On Raising: An Inquiry into One Rule of English Grammar and Its Theoretical Implications (1974) and Three Investigations of Extraction (1999), and the coeditor of Parasitic Gaps (2000), all published by the MIT Press. February — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 49 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51275-6 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01481-6
ANAPHORA AND LANGUAGE DESIGN
Eric J. Reuland
Pronouns and anaphors (including reflexives such as himself and herself ) may or must depend on antecedents for their interpretation. These dependencies are subject to conditions that prima facie show substantial crosslinguistic variation. In this monograph, Eric Reuland presents a theory of how these A study on anaphoric anaphoric dependencies are dependencies that derives the conditions represented in natural language on anaphora in natural in a way that does justice to language from the the variation one finds across design properties of languages. He explains the the language system. conditions of these dependencies in terms of elementary properties of the computational system of natural language. He shows that the encoding of anaphoric dependencies makes use of components of the language system that all reflect different cognitive capacities; thus the empirical research he reports on offers insights into the design of the language system. Reuland’s account reduces the conditions on binding to independent properties of the grammar, none of which is specific to binding. He offers a principled account of the roles of the lexicon, syntax, semantics, and the discourse component in the encoding of anaphoric dependencies; a window into the overall organization of the grammar and the roles of linguistic and extralinguistic factors; a new typology of anaphoric expressions; a view of crosslinguistic variation (examining facts in a range of languages, from English, Dutch, Frisian, German, and Scandinavian languages to Fijian, Georgian, and Malayalam) that shows unity in diversity.
Eric J. Reuland is Faculty Professor of Language and Cognition at Utrecht Institute of Linguistics, Netherlands. February — 6 x 9, 440 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51564-1 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01505-9 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 62
computer science robotics
A Gentle Introduction Eleanor Rieffel and Wolfgang Polak
The combination of two of the twentieth century’s most influential and revolutionary scientific theories, information theory and quantum mechanics, gave rise to a radically new view of computing and information. A thorough exposition of Quantum information processquantum computing and ing explores the implications of the underlying concepts using quantum mechanics of quantum physics, instead of classical mechanics with explanations of the to model information and its relevant mathematics and numerous examples. processing. Quantum computing is not about changing the physical substrate on which computation is done from classical to quantum but about changing the notion of computation itself, at the most basic level. The fundamental unit of computation is no longer the bit but the quantum bit or qubit. This comprehensive introduction to the field offers a thorough exposition of quantum computing and the underlying concepts of quantum physics, explaining all the relevant mathematics and offering numerous examples. With its careful development of concepts and thorough explanations, the book makes quantum computing accessible to students and professionals in mathematics, computer science, and engineering. A reader with no prior knowledge of quantum physics (but with sufficient knowledge of linear algebra) will be able to gain a fluent understanding by working through the book.
Eleanor Rieffel is Senior Research Scientist at FX Palo Alto Laboratory. Wolfgang Polak is a computer science consultant. April — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 79 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01506-6 Scientific and Engineering Computation series
INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOTS
Roland Siegwart, Illah R. Nourbakhsh, and Davide Scaramuzza
Mobile robots range from the Mars Pathfinder mission’s teleoperated Sojourner to the cleaning robots in the Paris Metro. This text offers The second edition students and other interested of a comprehensive readers an introduction to the introduction to all aspects of mobile fundamentals of mobile robotrobotics, from ics, spanning the mechanical, algorithms to motor, sensory, perceptual, and mechanisms. cognitive layers the field comprises. The text focuses on mobility itself, offering an overview of the mechanisms that allow a mobile robot to move through a real world environment to perform its tasks, including locomotion, sensing, localization, and motion planning. It synthesizes material from such fields as kinematics, control theory, signal analysis, computer vision, information theory, artificial intelligence, and probability theory. This second edition has been revised and updated throughout, with 130 pages of new material on such topics as locomotion, perception, localization, and planning and navigation. Problem sets have been added at the end of each chapter. Bringing together all aspects of mobile robotics into one volume, Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots can serve as a textbook or a working tool for beginning practitioners.
Roland Siegwart is Professor of Autonomous Systems and Director of the Center for Product Design at the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, ETH Zürich. Illah R. Nourbakhsh is Professor of Robotics and Director of the CREATE Lab in the Robotics Institute, School of Computer Science, at Carnegie Mellon University. Davide Scaramuzza is Senior Researcher at the Autonomous Systems Lab at ETH Zürich, where he is also a lecturer and leader of the European project sFly. March — 7 x 9, 472 pp. — 252 illus. $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01535-6 Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series
computer science/artificial intelligence business/information science
Thinking about Thinking edited by Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja foreword by Eric Horvitz
The capacity to think about our own thinking may lie at the heart of what it means to be both human and intelligent. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated these matters for Experts report on many years. Researchers in the latest artificial intelligence research artificial intelligence have concerning reasoning gone further, attempting to about reasoning itself. implement actual machines that mimic, simulate, and perhaps even replicate this capacity, called metareasoning. In this volume, leading authorities offer a variety of perspectives — drawn from philosophy, cognitive psychology, and computer science — on reasoning about the reasoning process. The book offers a simple model of reasoning about reason as a framework for its discussions. Taken together, the chapters offer an integrated narrative on metareasoning themes from both artificial intelligence and cognitive science perspectives.
CONTRIBUTORS George Alexander, Michael L. Anderson, Josep Lluís Arcos, Brett J. Borghetti, Vincent Conitzer, Michael T. Cox, Susan L. Epstein, Scott Fults, Melinda Gervasio, Yolanda Gil, Maria Gini, Ashok K. Goel, Andrew S. Gordon, Justin Hart, Jerry R. Hobbs, Eric Horvitz, Joshua Jones, Darsana Josyula, Catriona M. Kennedy, Jihie Kim, Michael Krainin, Robert Laddaga, David B. Leake, Victor R. Lesser, Fabrizio Morbini, O˘ uz Mülâyim, David Musliner, Karen Myers, Tim Oates, Don Perlis, g Smiljana Petrovic, Anita Raja, Paul Robertson, Zachary B. Rubinstein, Brian Scassellati, Matthew D. Schmill, Lenhart Schubert, Hamid Shahri, Aaron Sloman, Stephen F. Smith, Shomir Wilson, Dean Wright, Shlomo Zilberstein, Terry L. Zimmerman
Michael T. Cox is Program Manager at DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). Anita Raja is Associate Professor in the Department of Software and Information Systems at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. March — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 61 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01480-9
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
Kimiz Dalkir foreword by Jay Liebowitz
The ability to manage knowledge has become increasingly important in today’s knowledge economy. Knowledge is considered a A comprehensive text valuable commodity, embedand reference provides both substantive ded in products and in the theoretical grounding tacit knowledge of highly and pragmatic advice on mobile individual employees. applying key concepts. Knowledge management (KM) represents a deliberate and systematic approach to cultivating and sharing an organization’s knowledge base. It is a highly multidisciplinary field that encompasses both information technology and intellectual capital. This textbook and professional reference offers a comprehensive overview of the field of KM, providing both a substantive theoretical grounding and a pragmatic approach to applying key concepts. Drawing on ideas, tools, and techniques from such disciplines as sociology, cognitive science, organizational behavior, and information science, the text describes KM theory and practice at the individual, community, and organizational levels. It offers illuminating case studies and vignettes from companies including IBM, Xerox, British Telecommunications, JP Morgan Chase, and Nokia. This second edition has been updated and revised throughout.
Kimiz Dalkir is Associate Professor in McGill University’s Graduate School of Information and Library Studies. A practitioner in the field for seventeen years, she has advised more than twenty companies on the design, development, and evaluation of knowledge-based systems.
PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION
“It’s not often we will recommend a textbook to our busy business executive readers, but this new work on the theory and practice of knowledge management (KM) is one where we will make an exception.” — Harvard Business School Working Knowledge
March — 7 x 9, 504 pp. — 74 illus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01508-0
Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa translated by Mitch Cohen
The molecular life sciences are making visible what was once invisible. Yet the more we learn about our own biology, the less we are able to fit this knowledge into an integrated whole. Life is divided into new sub-units and reassembled into new forms: from genes to clones, from embryonic stages to the building-blocks of synthetic biology. Extracted from their scientific and social contexts, these new entities become not only visible but indeed “naked”: ready to assume an essential status of their own and take on multiple values and meanings as they pass from labs to courts, from patent offices to parliaments and back. In Naked Genes, leading science scholar Helga Nowotny and molecular biologist Giuseppe Testa examine the interaction between these dramatic advances in the life sciences and equally dramatic political reconfigurations of our societies. They bring wit and freshness of perspective to ongoing debates over topics ranging from assisted reproduction and personalized medicine to genetic sports doping, revealing both surprising continuities and radical discontinuities between the latest advances in the life sciences and long-standing human traditions. The task of institutions in the molecular age, they argue, is to make a pluralistic society possible by carving a legitimate free space that allows experimentation with new forms of biological life as well as with new forms of social life.
Helga Nowotny is President of the European Research Council and Professor Emerita of ETH Zurich, Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board, University of Vienna, and author of Insatiable Curiosity: Innovation in a Fragile Future (MIT Press, 2008, 2010) and other books. Giuseppe Testa heads the Laboratory of Stem Cell Epigenetics at the European Institute for Oncology (IEO) in Milan and is the cofounder of the interdisciplinary PhD program FOLSATEC (Foundations of the Life Sciences and Their Ethical Consequences) in Milan. The interaction between new forms of biological life and new forms of social life in modern democracies.
March 5 3/8 x 8, 160 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01493-9
Also available INSATIABLE CURIOSITY Innovation in a Fragile Future Helga Nowotny translated by Mitch Cohen 2010, 978-0-262-51510-8 $15.00S/£11.95 paper
information science science, technology, and society/history
THE ATLAS OF NEW LIBRARIANSHIP
R. David Lankes
Libraries have existed for millennia, but today the library field is searching for solid footing in an increasingly fragmented (and increasingly digital) information environment. What is librarianship when it is unmoored from cataloging, books, buildings, and committees? In The Atlas of New Librarianship, An essential guide to a R. David Lankes offers a guide librarianship based not on books and artifacts to this new landscape for but on knowledge and practitioners. He describes a learning. new librarianship based not on books and artifacts but on knowledge and learning; and he suggests a new mission for librarians: to improve society through facilitating knowledge creation in their communities. The vision for a new librarianship must go beyond finding library-related uses for information technology and the Internet; it must provide a durable foundation for the field. Lankes recasts librarianship and library practice using the fundamental concept that knowledge is created though conversation. New librarians approach their work as facilitators of conversation; they seek to enrich, capture, store, and disseminate the conversations of their communities. To help librarians navigate this new terrain, Lankes offers a map, a visual representation of the field that can guide explorations of it; more than 140 Agreements, statements about librarianship that range from relevant theories to examples of practice; and Threads, arrangements of Agreements to explain key ideas, covering such topics as conceptual foundations and skills and values. Agreement Supplements at the end of the book offer expanded discussions. Although it touches on theory as well as practice, the Atlas is meant to be a tool: textbook, conversation guide, platform for social networking, and call to action.
R. David Lankes is Associate Professor in Syracuse University’s School of Information Studies and Director of the Library and Information Science Program there. April — 10 x 10, 448 pp. — 243 ilus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01509-7 Copublished with the Association of College and Research Libraries
Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War edited by Gabrielle Hecht
The Cold War was not simply a duel of superpowers. It took place not just in Washington and Moscow but also in the social and political arenas of geographically far-flung countries emerging Investigations into from colonial rule. Moreover, how technologies became peculiar Cold War tensions were maniforms of politics in fest not only in global political an expanded geography disputes but also in struggles of the Cold War. over technology. Technological systems and expertise offered a powerful way to shape countries politically, economically, socially, and culturally. Entangled Geographies explores how Cold War politics, imperialism, and postcolonial nation building became entangled in technologies and considers the legacies of those entanglements for today’s globalized world. The essays address such topics as the islands and atolls taken over for military and technological purposes by the supposedly non-imperial United States, apartheid-era South Africa’s efforts to achieve international legitimacy as a nuclear nation, international technical assistance and Cold War politics, the Saudi irrigation system that spurred a Shi’i rebellion, and the momentary technopolitics of emergency as practiced by Médecins sans Frontières. The contributors to Entangled Geographies offer insights from the anthropology and history of development, from diplomatic history, and from science and technology studies. The book represents a unique synthesis of these three disciplines, achieving new perspectives on the global Cold War.
CONTRIBUTORS Itty Abraham, Lars Denicke, Gabrielle Hecht, Toby C. Jones, Martha Lampland, Clapperton Mavhunga, Donna C. Mehos, Suzanne Moon, Ruth Oldenziel, Peter Redfield, Sonja D. Schmid
Gabrielle Hecht is Associate Professor of History at the University of Michigan and the author of The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II (updated edition, MIT Press, 2009). March — 6 x 9, 360 pp. — 11 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51578-8 Inside Technology series
science, technology, and society/cognitive science
HANDLING DIGITAL BRAINS
A Laboratory Study of Multimodal Semiotic Interactions in the Age of Computers Morana Ala˘ c
The results of fMRI brain scanning require extensive analysis in the laboratory. In Handling Digital Brains, Morana Ala˘ shows that fMRI researchers do not sit c passively staring at computer An analysis of how fMRI researchers actively screens but actively involve involve their bodies — their bodies in laboratory pracwith hand movements tice. Discussing fMRI visuals in particular — in with colleagues, scientists anilaboratory practice. mate the scans with gestures, and talk as they work with computers. Ala˘ argues c that to understand how digital scientific visuals take on meaning we must consider their dynamic coordination with gesture, speech, and working hands. These multimodal actions, she suggests, are an essential component of digital scientific visuals. A semiotician trained in cognitive science, Ala˘ c grounds her discussion in concepts from Peirce’s semiotics and her methodology in ethnography and multimodal conversation analysis. Basing her observations on videotaped records of activity in three fMRI research labs, Ala˘ describes scientists’ manual c engagement with digital visuals of the human brain. Doing so, she turns her attention to the issue of practical thinking. Ala˘ argues that although fMRI c technology directs scientists to consider human thinking in terms of an individual brain, scientific practices in the fMRI lab demonstrate thinking that engages the whole lived body and the world in which the body is situated. The turn toward the digital does not bring with it abstraction but a manual and embodied engagement. The practical and multimodal engagement with digital brains in the laboratory challenges certain assumptions behind fMRI technology; it suggests our hands are essential to learning and the making of meaning.
Morana Ala˘ is Assistant Professor in the Department of c Communication and Program in Science Studies at the University of California, San Diego. May — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 46 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01568-4 Inside Technology series
The Evolution of Information Seeking in America edited by William Aspray and Barbara M. Hayes
All day, every day, Americans seek information. We research major purchases. We check news and sports. We visit government Web sites for public information and turn to friends for advice An intimate, everyday about our everyday lives. perspective on information-seeking Although the Internet influbehavior, reaching into ences our information-seeking the social context of behavior, we gather informaAmerican history and tion from many sources: family American homes. and friends, television and radio, books and magazines, experts and community leaders. Patterns of information seeking have evolved throughout American history and are shaped by a number of forces, including war, modern media, the state of the economy, and government regulation. This book examines the evolution of information seeking in nine areas of everyday American life. Chapters offer an information perspective on car buying, from the days of the Model T to the present; philanthropic and charitable activities; airline travel and the complex layers of information available to passengers; genealogy, from the family Bible to Ancestry.com; sports statistics, as well as fantasy sports leagues and their fans’ obsession with them; the multimedia universe of gourmet cooking; governmental and publicly available information; reading, sharing, and creating comics; and text messaging among young people as a way to exchange information and manage relationships. Taken together, these case studies provide a fascinating window on the importance of information in the past century of American life.
William Aspray is Bill and Lewis Suit Professor of Information Technologies at the School of Information, University of Texas at Austin. Barbara M. Hayes is the Associate Dean for Administration and Planning at Indiana University School of Informatics at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis. Hayes and Aspray are coeditors of Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes (MIT Press, 2010). February — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 1 illus $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51561-0 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01501-1
law/technology policy Internet studies/sociology
INTERFACES ON TRIAL 2.0
Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh foreword by Ed Black
We live in an interoperable world. Computer hardware and software products from different manufacturers can exchange data within local networks and around the world using the Internet. The competition enabled by this compatibility between The debate over the devices has led to fast-paced use of copyright law to prevent competition innovation and prices low and interoperability in enough to allow ordinary users the global software to command extraordinary industry. computing capacity. In Interfaces on Trial 2.0, Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh investigate an often overlooked factor in the development of today’s interoperable world: the evolution of copyright law. Because software is copyrightable, copyright law determines the rules for competition in the information technology industry. This book — a follow-up to Band and Katoh’s successful 1995 book Interfaces on Trial — examines the debates surrounding the use of copyright law to prevent competition and interoperability in the global software industry in the last fifteen years. Band and Katoh are longtime advocates for interoperable devices but present a reasoned view of contentious issues related to interoperability issues in the United States, the European Union, and the Pacific Rim and recent legal developments affecting the future of interoperability, including those related to open source-software and software patents.
Jonathan Band is an attorney who has written more than 100 articles on intellectual property and the Internet. He is an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University’s Law Center. Masanobu Katoh is the former head of the Law and Intellectual Property Unit of Fujitsu Limited, a global information technology company based in Japan. March — 6 x 9, 248 pp. — 1 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01500-4 The Information Society series
DIGITALLY ENABLED SOCIAL CHANGE
Activism in the Internet Age Jennifer Earl and Katrina Kimport
Much attention has been paid in recent years to the emergence of “Internet activism,” but scholars and pundits disagree over whether online political activity is different in kind from more traditional forms of activism. Does the global reach An investigation into and blazing speed of the how specific Web technologies can Internet affect the essential change the dynamics character or dynamics of of organizing and participating in political online political protest? In Digitally Enabled Social and social protest. Change, Jennifer Earl and Katrina Kimport examine key characteristics of Web activism and investigate their impacts on organizing and participation. Earl and Kimport argue that the Web offers two key affordances relevant to activism: sharply reduced costs for creating, organizing, and participating in protest; and the decreased need for activists to be physically present together in order to act together. A rally can be organized and demonstrators recruited entirely online, without the cost of printing and mailing; an activist can create an online petition in minutes and gather e-signatures from coast to coast using only her laptop. Drawing on evidence from samples of online petitions, boycotts, and letter-writing and e-mailing campaigns, Earl and Kimport show that the more these affordances are leveraged, the more transformative the changes to organizing and participating in protest; the less these affordances are leveraged, the more superficial the changes. The transformative nature of these changes, Earl and Kimport suggest, demonstrate the need to revisit long-standing theoretical assumptions about social movements.
Jennifer Earl is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Katrina Kimport is a Research Sociologist with ANSIRH, part of the Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health at the University of California, San Francisco. March — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 7 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01510-3 Acting with Technology series
game studies game studies/cinema studies
Immersion to Incorporation Gordon Calleja
Digital games offer a vast range of engaging experiences, from the serene exploration of beautifully rendered landscapes to the deeply cognitive challenges presented by strategic simulations to the adrenaline An investigation of what rush of competitive team-based shoot-outs. Digital games makes digital games engaging to players and enable experiences that are a reexamination of the considerably different from concept of immersion. a reader’s engagement with literature or a moviegoer’s experience of a movie. In In-Game, Gordon Calleja examines what exactly it is that makes digital games so uniquely involving and offers a new, more precise, and game-specific formulation of this involvement. One of the most commonly yet vaguely deployed concepts in the industry and academia alike is immersion — a player’s sensation of inhabiting the space represented onscreen. Overuse of this term has diminished its analytical value and confused its meaning, both in analysis and design. Rather than conceiving of immersion as a single experience, Calleja views it as blending different experiential phenomena afforded by involving gameplay. He proposes a framework (based on qualitative research) to describe these phenomena: the player involvement model. The intensified and internalized experiential blend can culminate in incorporation — a concept that Calleja proposes as an alternative to the problematic immersion. Incorporation, he argues, is a more accurate metaphor, providing a robust foundation for future research and design.
Gordon Calleja is Assistant Professor and Head of the Center of Computer Games Research at the IT University of Copenhagen. April — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 30 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01546-2
THE MACHINIMA READER
edited by Henry Lowood and Michael Nitsche
Over the last decade, machinima — the use of computer game engines to create movies — has emerged as a vibrant area in digital culture. Machinima as a filmmaking tool grew from the bottom up, driven by enthusiasts who taught themselves to deploy technologies from computer games to create The first critical overview of an emerging animated films quickly and field, with contributions cheaply. The Machinima Reader from both scholars and is the first critical overview of artist-practitioners. this rapidly developing field. The contributors include both academics and artistpractitioners. They explore machinima from multiple perspectives, ranging from technical aspects of machinima, from real-time production to machinima as a performative and cinematic medium, while paying close attention to the legal, cultural, and pedagogical contexts for machinima. This is the first book to chart the emergence of machinima as a game-based cultural production that spans technologies and media, forming new communities of practice on its way to a history, an aesthetic, and a market.
CONTRIBUTORS Jeffrey Bardzell, Matteo Bittanti, David Cameron, John Carroll, Erik Champion, Ricard Gras, Robert Terry Jones, Matt Kelland, Friedrich Kirschner, Peter Krapp, Danny Kringiel, Henry Lowood, Lev Manovich, Ali Mazalek, Michael Nitsche, Matthew Payne, Michael Pigott, Dan Pinchbeck, Katie Salen, Gareth Schott, Bevin Yeatman
Henry Lowood is Curator for History of Science and Technology Collections and Film and Media Collections in the Stanford University Libraries. Michael Nitsche is Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Communication, and Culture at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is the author of Video Game Spaces: Image, Play, and Structure in 3D Worlds (MIT Press, 2009). May — 8 x 9, 352 pp. — 40 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01533-2
DIVINING A DIGITAL FUTURE
A sociotechnical investigation of ubiquitous computing as a research enterprise and as a lived reality.
Mess and Mythology in Ubiquitous Computing Paul Dourish and Genevieve Bell
Ubiquitous computing (or “ubicomp”) is the label for a third wave of computing technologies. Following the eras of the mainframe computer and the desktop PC, ubicomp is characterized by small and powerful computing devices that are worn, carried, or embedded in the world around us. The ubicomp research agenda originated at Xerox PARC in the late 1980s; these days, some form of that vision is a reality for the millions of users of Internet-enabled phones, GPS devices, wireless networks, and “smart” domestic appliances. In Divining a Digital Future, computer scientist Paul Dourish and cultural anthropologist Genevieve Bell explore the vision that has driven the ubiquitous computing research program and the contemporary practices that have emerged — both the motivating mythology and the everyday messiness of lived experience. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the authors’ collaboration, the book takes seriously the need to understand ubicomp not only technically but also culturally, socially, politically, and economically. Dourish and Bell map the terrain of contemporary ubiquitous computing, in the research community and in daily life; explore dominant narratives in ubiquitous computing around such topics as infrastructure, mobility, privacy, and domesticity; and suggest directions for future investigation, particularly with respect to methodology and conceptual foundations.
Paul Dourish is Professor of Informatics in the Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences with courtesy appointments in Computer Science and Anthropology at the University of California, Irvine. He is the author of Where the Action Is: The Foundations of Embodied Interaction (MIT Press, 2001, 2004). Genevieve Bell is an Intel Fellow and the Director of Intel’s first user-focused research and development lab, Interactions and Experiences Research.
April 6 x 9, 272 pp. 4 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01555-4
Also available WHERE THE ACTION IS The Foundations of Embodied Interaction Paul Dourish 2004, 978-0-262-54178-7 $23.00S/£17.95 paper
digital humanities computer science/computer music
Software and Memory Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
New media thrives on cycles of obsolescence and renewal: from celebrations of cyber-everything to Y2K, from the dot-com bust to the next big things — mobile mobs, Web 3.0, cloud computing. In Programmed A theoretical examination Visions, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun argues that these cycles of the surprising emergence of software result in part from the ways in as a guiding metaphor which new media encapsulates for our neoliberal world. a logic of programmability. New media proliferates “programmed visions,” which seek to shape and predict — even embody — a future based on past data. These programmed visions have also made computers, based on metaphor, metaphors for metaphor itself, for a general logic of substitutability. Chun argues that the clarity offered by software as metaphor should make us pause, because software also engenders a profound sense of ignorance: who knows what lurks behind our smiling interfaces, behind the objects we click and manipulate? The less we know, the more we are shown. This paradox, Chun argues, does not diminish new media’s power, but rather grounds computing’s appeal. Its combination of what can be seen and not seen, known (knowable) and not known — its separation of interface from algorithm and software from hardware — makes it a powerful metaphor for everything we believe is invisible yet generates visible, logical effects, from genetics to the invisible hand of the market, from ideology to culture.
Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, who has studied both systems design and English literature, is Professor of Modern Culture and Media at Brown University. She is the author of Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics (MIT Press, 2006, 2008). April — 7 x 9, 248 pp. — 27 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01542-4 Software Studies series
THE SUPERCOLLIDER BOOK
edited by Scott Wilson, David Cottle, and Nick Collins foreword by James McCartney
SuperCollider is the most important domain-specific audio programming language of the last decade, with potential applications that include real-time interaction, installations, electroacoustic The essential reference pieces, generative music, and to SuperCollider, a audiovisuals. The SuperCollider powerful, flexible, open-source, crossBook is the essential reference platform audio to this powerful and flexible programming language. language, offering students and professionals a collection of tutorials, essays, and projects. SuperCollider, first developed by James McCartney, is an accessible blend of Smalltalk, C, and further ideas from a number of programming languages. Free, open-source, cross-platform, and with a diverse and supportive developer community, it is often the first programming language sound artists and computer musicians learn. The SuperCollider Book is the longawaited guide to the design, syntax, and use of the SuperCollider language. The first chapters offer an introduction to the basics, including a friendly tutorial for absolute beginners, providing the reader with skills that can serve as a foundation for further learning. Later chapters cover more advanced topics and particular topics in computer music, including programming, sonification, spatialization, microsound, GUIs, machine listening, alternative tunings, and non-realtime synthesis; practical applications and philosophical insights from the composer’s and artist’s perspectives; and “under the hood,” developer’s-eye views of SuperCollider’s inner workings.
Scott Wilson is Senior Lecturer in Music at the University of Birmingham, England. David Cottle is Lecturer Associate Professor at the School of Music, University of Utah. Nick Collins is Lecturer in Music Informatics at the University of Sussex. April — 8 x 9, 784 pp. — 420 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-23269-2
art/technology digital humanities
Aspects of Art and Technology in Australia, 1956–1975 Stephen Jones
New technologies continually arise, offering repeated opportunities to artists in search of the technologically novel. Stephen Jones calls this phenomenon the “rolling new,” and in Synthetics he A critical and compredescribes how artists in hensive account of the emergence of electronic Australia used new technoloarts in Australia. gies in their art, from the early days of digital computing in the 1950s to a landmark exhibition in 1975. Jones looks at not only the artists and the artworks they produced but also at the evolution of computing technologies and video displays as these new forms of media developed into tools that artists could use. He also examines the collaborations that sprang up between artists and the technologists who taught them how to use these new devices. The process, he finds, was reciprocal: the offerings of the engineer could inspire the artist as much as the needs of the artist could inspire the engineer. Jones discusses the constraints imposed by the limitations of new technologies as they developed and shows that different types of output and display technologies made for the production of very different kinds of images. By 1975, the art and technology movement in Australia reached something of a watershed. The work itself became established as an art form just as funding dwindled and a popular and supportive left-wing government left office. And yet, Jones writes, the early electronic artists laid the foundation for today’s burgeoning culture of new media art in Australia.
Stephen Jones is an Australian video artist and electronic engineer. March — 7 x 9, 408 pp. — 108 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01496-0 A Leonardo Book
Software and Everyday Life Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge
After little more than half a century since its initial development, computer code is extensively and intimately woven into the fabric of our everyday lives. From the digital alarm clock that wakes us to the air traffic control system that An analysis of the ways that software creates new guides our plane in for a spatialities in everyday landing, software is shaping life, from supermarket our world: it creates new ways checkout lines to airline of undertaking tasks, speeds flight paths. up and automates existing practices, transforms social and economic relations, and offers new forms of cultural activity, personal empowerment, and modes of play. In Code/Space, Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge examine software from a spatial perspective, analyzing the dyadic relationship of software and space. The production of space, they argue, is increasingly dependent on code, and code is written to produce space. Kitchin and Dodge develop a set of conceptual tools for identifying and understanding the interrelationship of software, space, and everyday life, and illustrate their arguments with rich empirical material. And, finally, they issue a manifesto, calling for critical scholarship into the production and workings of code rather than simply the technologies it enables — a new kind of social science focused on explaining the social, economic, and spatial contours of software.
Rob Kitchin is Professor of Human Geography and Director of the National Institute of Regional and Spatial Analysis at the National University of Maynooth, Ireland. Martin Dodge is Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Manchester’s School of Environment and Development. Kitchin and Dodge are the authors of Mapping Cyberspace and Atlas of Cyberspace. March — 7 x 9, 296 pp. — 69 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-04248-2 Software Studies series
QUEST TO LEARN
Developing the School for Digital Kids Katie Salen, Robert Torres, Loretta Wolozin, Rebecca Rufo-Tepper, and Arana Shapiro
Quest to Learn, an innovative school for grades 6 to 12 in New York City, grew out of the idea that gaming and game design offer a promising new paradigm for curriculum and learning. This The design for Quest research and development to Learn, an innovative school in New York City document outlines the learning that offers a “game-like” framework for the school, approach to learning. making the original design available to others in the field.
Katie Salen, Executive Director of Design at Quest to Learn, is Professor of Design and Technology at Parsons the New School for Design. She is the coauthor of Rules of Play: Game Design Fundamentals (2003) and coeditor of The Game Design Reader: A Rules of Play Anthology (2005), both published by the MIT Press. January — 5 3/8 x 8, 164 pp. — 5 illus. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51565-8 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning
PERCEPTION BEYOND INFERENCE
The Information Content of Visual Processes edited by Liliana Albertazzi, Gert J. van Tonder, and Dhanraj Vishwanath
This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors who offer proposals for a clearer and more coherent effort to understand the information content of perception. Their arguments Proposing a new paradigm for perceptual arise from a dissatisfaction science that goes beyond with the current research parastandard information digms for studying the mind. theory and digital These traditional approaches, computation. based on standard information theory and digital computation, now seem unsuited for dealing with the levels of complexity inherent in understanding the full scope of mental processes. The contributors counter the widely held assumption of “perception as inference” — the idea that preception is a process of reconstructing or recognizing objective information already constituted in the external environment. Instead, they propose the opposite: that perception involves the creation of information, that the mind intentionally perceives, actively generating a meaningful reality.
CONTRIBUTORS Liliana Albertazzi, Ohad Ben-Shahar, Ernest Edmonds, Timothy L. Hubbard, Amy Ione, Jan J. Koenderink, Ilana Kovács, Rainer Mausfeld, Baingio Pinna, Shinsuke Shimojo, Gert J. van Tonder, Dhanraj Vishwanath, Stephen W. Zucker
Liliana Albertazzi is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Cognitive Science at Trento University, Italy. Gert J. van Tonder is Professor of Vision Research and Adjunct Professor at the Laboratory of Visual Psychology, Department of Architecture and Design, at Kyoto Institute of Technology. Dhanraj Vishwanath is RCUK (Research Councils UK) Academic Fellow in the School of Psychology at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. March — 7 x 9, 440 pp. — 4 color illus., 130 black & white illus. $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01502-8
DIGITAL MEDIA AND TECHNOLOGY IN AFTERSCHOOL PROGRAMS, LIBRARIES, AND MUSEUMS
Becky Herr-Stephenson, Diana Rhoten, Dan Perkel, and Christo Sims with contributions from Anne Balsamo, Maura Klosterman, and Susana Smith Bautista
An investigation of how three kinds of youth organizations have integrated digital practices into their programs.
The authors of this report review a range of programs and then use the idea of “media ecologies” to investigate the role that digital media play (or could play) in these “intermediary spaces for learning.”
Becky Herr-Stephenson is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California Humanities Research Institute (UCHRI). Diana Rhoten is leader of the MacArthur Foundation–funded Learning Networks project in New York City. Dan Perkel and Christo Sims are PhD candidates at the School of Information at the University of California, Berkeley. January — 5 3/8 x 8, 96 pp. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51576-4 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011
An exploration of the character and evolution of disgust and the role this emotion plays in our social and moral lives.
The Nature and Moral Significance of Disgust Daniel Kelly
People can be disgusted by the concrete and by the abstract — by an object they find physically repellent or by an ideology or value system they find morally abhorrent. Different things will disgust different people, depending on individual sensibilities or cultural backgrounds. In Yuck!, Daniel Kelly investigates the character and evolution of disgust, with an emphasis on understanding the role this emotion has come to play in our social and moral lives. Disgust has recently been riding a swell of scholarly attention, especially from those in the cognitive sciences and those in the humanities in the midst of the “affective turn.” Kelly surveys the empirical literature and experimental results relevant to disgust and proposes a cognitive model that can accommodate what we now know about it. He offers a new account of the evolution of disgust that builds on the model and argues that expressions of disgust are part of a sophisticated but largely automatic signaling system that humans use to transmit information about what to avoid in the local environment. Drawing on gene culture coevolutionary theory, Kelly argues that disgust was co-opted to play certain roles in our moral psychology. He shows that many of the puzzling features of moral repugnance tinged with disgust are by-products of the imperfect fit between a cognitive system that evolved to protect against poisons and parasites and the social and moral issues on which it has been brought to bear. Kelly’s account of this emotion provides a powerful argument against invoking disgust in the service of moral justification.
Daniel Kelly is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Purdue University.
July 6 x 9, 208 pp. 5 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01558-5 Life and Mind series
THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
Autonomy through Psychotherapy Paul Biegler
One in six people worldwide will experience depression over the course of a lifetime. Many who seek relief through the healthcare system are treated with antidepressant medication; in the A philosopher argues there is an ethical United States, nearly 170 imperative to provide million prescriptions for psychotherapy to antidepressants were written depressed patients in 2005, resulting in more because the insights gained from it promote than $12 billion in sales. And autonomy. yet despite the dominance of antidepressants in the marketplace and the consulting room, another treatment for depression has proven equally effective: psychotherapy — in particular, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Antidepressants can lift mood independent of a person’s understanding of symptoms or stressors. By contrast, CBT teaches patients skills for dealing with distressing feelings, negative thoughts, and causal stressors. In The Ethical Treatment of Depression, Paul Biegler argues that the insights patients gain from the therapeutic process promote autonomy. He shows that depression is a disorder in which autonomy is routinely and extensively undermined and that physicians have a moral obligation to promote the autonomy of depressed patients. He concludes that medical practitioners have an ethical imperative to prescribe psychotherapy — CBT in particular — for depression. To make his case, Biegler draws on a wide philosophical literature relevant to autonomy and the emotions and makes a comprehensive survey of the latest research findings from the psychological sciences. Forcefully argued, densely researched, and engagingly written, the book issues a challenge to physicians who believe their duty of care to depressed patients is discharged by merely writing prescriptions for antidepressants.
Paul Biegler is Australian Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow in Philosophy at the School of Philosophical, Historical, and International Studies, Monash University. April — 6 x 9, 224 pp. — 1 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01549-3 Philosophical Psychopathology series
ADDICTION AND RESPONSIBILITY
edited by Jeffrey Poland and George Graham
Addictive behavior threatens not just the addict’s happiness and health but also the welfare and well-being of others. It represents a loss of self-control and a variety of other cognitive impairments and behavioral deficits. An addict may say, “I couldn’t help myself.” But questions arise: are we responsible The intertwining for our addictions? And what of addiction and responsibility in responsibilities do others have personal, philosophical, to help us? This volume offers legal, research, and a range of perspectives on clinical contexts. addiction and responsibility and how the two are bound together. Distinguished contributors — from theorists to clinicians, from neuroscientists and psychologists to philosophers and legal scholars — discuss these questions in essays using a variety of conceptual and investigative tools. Some contributors offer models of addiction-related phenomena, including theories of incentive sensitization, ego-depletion, and pathological affect; others address such traditional philosophical questions as free will and agency, mind-body, and other minds. Two essays, written by scholars who were themselves addicts, attempt to integrate first-person phenomenological accounts with the third-person perspective of the sciences.
CONTRIBUTORS George Ainslie, Sheila M. Alessi, Kent C. Berridge, Louis C. Charland, Owen Flanagan, Richard Garrett, George Graham, Neil Levy, Stephen J. Morse, Nancy M. Petry, Jeffrey Poland, Nancy Nyquist Potter, Carla J. Rash, Terry E. Robinson, Gideon Yaffe
Jeffrey Poland teaches in the Department of History, Philosophy, and Social Science at Rhode Island School of Design and in the Science and Society Program at Brown University. George Graham is Professor of Philosophy and Neuroscience at Georgia State University. June — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 9 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01550-9 Philosophical Psychopathology series
neuroscience/cognitive science/vision linguistics/psychology
The Neuroscience of Visual Impairment Zaira Cattaneo and Tomaso Vecchi
Can a blind person see? The very idea seems paradoxical. And yet, if we conceive of “seeing” as the ability to generate internal mental representations that may contain visual details, the idea of blind vision becomes a concept subject to investigation. An investigation of the effects of blindness and In this book, Zaira Cattaneo other types of visual and Tomaso Vecchi examine deficit on cognitive the effects of blindness and abilities. other types of visual deficit on the development and functioning of the human cognitive system. Drawing on behavioral and neurophysiological data, Cattaneo and Vecchi analyze research on mental imagery, spatial cognition, and compensatory mechanisms at the sensorial, cognitive, and cortical levels in individuals with complete or profound visual impairment. They find that our brain does not need our eyes to “see.” Cattaneo and Vecchi address critical questions of broad importance: the relationship of visual perception to imagery and working memory and the extent to which mental imagery depends on normal vision; the functional and neural relationships between vision and the other senses; the specific aspects of the visual experience that are crucial to cognitive development or specific cognitive mechanisms; and the extraordinary plasticity of the brain — as illustrated by the way that, in the blind, the visual cortex may be reorganized to support other perceptual or cognitive funtions. In the absence of vision, the other senses work as functional substitutes and are often improved.
Zaira Cattaneo is a Research Scientist at the University of Milano-Bicocca. Tomaso Vecchi is Professor of Experimental Psychology and Dean of the School of Psychology at the University of Pavia, Italy. March — 7 x 9, 288 pp. — 4 color illus., 22 black & white illus. $36.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01503-5
THE PROCESSING AND ACQUISITION OF REFERENCE
edited by Edward A. Gibson and Neal J. Pearlmutter
This volume brings together contributions by prominent researchers in the fields of language processing and language acquisition on topics of common interest: how people refer to objects Experts discuss issues related to the acquistion in the world, how people and processing of comprehend such referential reference by children expressions, and how children and the processing of acquire the ability to refer and reference by adults. to understand reference. The contributors first discuss issues related to children’s acquisition and processing of reference, then consider evidence of adults’ processing of reference from eye-tracking methods (the visual-world paradigm) and from corpora and reading experiments. The chapters discuss such topics as how children resolve ambiguity, children’s difficulty in understanding coreference, using eye movements to physical objects to measure the accessibility of different referents, the uses of probabilistic and pragmatic information in language comprehension; antecedent accessibility and salience in reference, and neuropsychological data from the event-related potential (ERP) recording literature.
CONTRIBUTORS Jennifer Arnold, Sergey Avrutin, Sergio Baauw, Craig G. Chambers, Youngon Choi, H. Wind Cowles, Stephen Crain, Joke de Lange, Jodi D. Edwards, Simon Garrod, Alan Garnham, Daniel Grodner, Andrea Gualmini, P. Hagoort, Elsi Kaiser, Luisa Meroni, Eleni Miltsakaki, Linda M. Moxey, Julien Musolino, Anna Papafragou, Tanya Reinhart, Esther Ruigendijk, Anthony J. Sanford, Julie Sedivy, Michael K. Tanenhaus, John Trueswell, Nada Vasic, Ken Wexler, Shalom Zuckerman
Edward A. Gibson is Professor of Cognitive Science in MIT’s Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences. Neal J. Pearlmutter is Associate Professor of Psychology at Northeastern University. April — 6 x 9, 456 pp. — 46 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01512-7
philosophy of mind/cognitive science philosophy/biography
LAWS, MIND, AND FREE WILL
In Laws, Mind, and Free Will, Steven Horst addresses the apparent dissonance between the picture of the natural world that arises from the sciences and our understanding of ourselves as agents who think and act. If the mind and the world are entirely governed by natural laws, there seems An account of scientific laws that vindicates the to be no room left for free will status of psychological to operate. Moreover, although laws and shows natural the laws of physical science are laws to be compatible clear and verifiable, the sciences with free will. of the mind seem to yield only rough generalizations rather than universal laws of nature. Horst argues that these two familiar problems in philosophy — the apparent tension between free will and natural law and the absence of “strict” laws in the sciences of the mind — are artifacts of a particular philosophical thesis about the nature of laws: that laws make claims about how objects actually behave. Horst argues against this Empiricist orthodoxy and proposes an alternative account of laws — an account rooted in a cognitivist approach to philosophy of science. Horst’s alternative account, which he calls “cognitive Pluralism,” vindicates the truth of psychological laws and resolves the tension between human freedom and the sciences.
Steven Horst is Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University. He is the author of Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of Computational Theory of Mind and Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science. March — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 60 illus. $36.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01525-7 Life and Mind series
WITTGENSTEIN IN EXILE
James C. Klagge
Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953) are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the most perplexing. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. A new way of looking Moreover, Wittgenstein’s work at Wittgenstein: as an exile from an earlier seems to have little relevance cultural era. to the way philosophy is done today. In Wittgenstein in Exile, James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein — as an exile — that helps make sense of this. Wittgenstein’s exile was not, despite his wanderings from Vienna to Cambridge to Norway to Ireland, strictly geographical; rather, Klagge argues, Wittgenstein was never at home in the twentieth century. He was in exile from an earlier era — Oswald Spengler’s culture of the early nineteenth century. Klagge draws on the full range of evidence, including Wittgenstein’s published work, the complete Nachlaß, correspondence, lectures, and conversations. He places Wittgenstein’s work in a broad context, along a trajectory of thought that includes Job, Goethe, and Dostoyevsky. Yet Klagge also writes from an analytic philosophical perspective, discussing such topics as essentialism, private experience, relativism, causation, and eliminativism. Once we see Wittgenstein’s exile, Klagge argues, we will gain a better appreciation of the difficulty of understanding Wittgenstein and his work.
James C. Klagge is Professor and Chair of Philosophy at Virginia Tech. He is the coeditor of two collections of Wittgenstein’s writings, Philosophical Occasions: 1912-1951 and Public and Private Occasions, and the editor of Wittgenstein: Biography and Philosophy. February — 6 x 9, 264 pp. — 1 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01534-9
Also available REMARKS ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS Revised Edition Ludwig Wittgenstein edited by G. H. von Wright and R. Rhees 1983, 978-0-262-73067-9 $35.00S/£25.95 paper
DIALOGUES WITH DAVIDSON
Acting, Interpreting, Understanding edited by Jeff Malpas foreword by Dagfinn Føllesdal
The work of the philosopher Donald Davidson (1917–2003) is not only wide ranging in its influence and vision, but also in the breadth of issues that it Leading scholars discuss encompasses. Davidson’s work includes seminal contributions Donald Davidson’s work in relation to a wide to philosophy of language and range of contemporary mind, to philosophy of action, philosophical issues and to epistemology and and approaches. metaphysics. In Dialogues with Davidson, leading scholars engage with Davidson’s work as it connects not only with aspects of current analytic thinking but also with a wider set of perspectives, including those of hermeneutics, phenomenology, the history of philosophy, feminist epistemology, and contemporary social theory. They link Davidson’s work to other thinkers, including Collingwood, Kant, Derrida, Heidegger, and Gadamer. The essays demonstrate the continuing significance of Davidson’s philosophy, not only in terms of the philosophical relevance of the ideas he advanced, but also in the further connections and insights those ideas engender.
CONTRIBUTORS Lee Braver, Gordon G. Brittan, Jr.,
Sharyn Clough, Giuseppina D’Oro, Robert Dostal, Christoph Durt, Jonathan Ellis, Dagfinn Føllesdal, Barbara Fultner, David Couzens Hoy, Jeff Malpas, Richard N. Manning, Giancarlo Marchetti, Mark Okrent, Gerhard Preyer, Bjørn Ramberg, Richard Rorty, Louise Röska-Hardy, Frederick Stoutland, Stephen Turner, David Vessey, Samuel C. Wheeler III Jeff Malpas is Professor of Philosophy and ARC Australian Professorial Fellow at the University of Tasmania. He is the author of Place and Experience: A Philosophical Topology and Heidegger’s Topology: Being, Place, World (MIT Press, 2007) and the editor of The Place of Landscape: Concepts, Contexts, Studies (MIT Press, 2011). July — 6 x 9, 504 pp. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01556-1
THE PLACE OF LANDSCAPE
Concepts, Contexts, Studies edited by Jeff Malpas
This volume explores the conceptual “topography” of landscape: It examines the character of landscape as itself a mode of place as well as the modes of place that appear in relation to landscape. The essays examine landInterdisciplinary scape as it appears within a perspectives on landscape, from the variety of contexts, from geogphilosophical to the raphy through photography geographical, with and garden history to theolan emphasis on the ogy; and more specific studies overarching concept of place. look at the forms of landscape in medieval landscape painting, film and television, and in relation to national identity. The essays demonstrate that the study of landscape cannot be restricted to any one genre, cannot be taken as the exclusive province of any one discipline, and cannot be exhausted by any single form of analysis. What the place of landscape now evokes is itself a wide-ranging terrain encompassing issues concerning the nature of place, of human being in place, and of the structures that shape such being and are shaped by it.
CONTRIBUTORS Andrew Benjamin, John J. Bradley, Isis Brook,
Katie Campbell, Edward S. Casey, Bernard Debarbieux, Stephanie Hemelryk Donald, J. Nicholas Entrikin, Nigel Everett, Ross Gibson, Wesley A. Kort, Jeff Malpas, Michael Rosenthal, Theodore R. Schatzki, Philip Sheldrake, Reinhard Steiner Jeff Malpas is Professor of Philosophy and ARC Australian Professorial Fellow at the University of Tasmania. He is the author of Place and Experience: A Philosophical Topology and Heidegger’s Topology: Being, Place, World (MIT Press, 2007) and the editor of Dialogues with Davidson: Acting, Interpreting, Understanding (MIT Press, 2011). June — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 17 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01552-3
philosophy of mind/cognitive science philosophy/biology
THE LANGUAGE OF THOUGHT
A New Philosophical Direction Susan Schneider
The Language of Thought (LOT) approach to the nature of mind has been highly influential in cognitive science and the philosophy of mind; and yet, as Susan Schneider argues, its philosophical foundations are weak. In this philosophical A philosophical refashioning of LOT and the refashioning of the Language of Thought related Computational Theory approach and the related of Mind (CTM), Schneider computational theory offers a different framework of mind. than has been developed by LOT and CTM’s main architect, Jerry Fodor: one that seeks integration with neuroscience, repudiates Fodor’s pessimism about the capacity of cognitive science to explain cognition, embraces pragmatism, and advances a different approach to the nature of concepts, mental symbols, and modes of presentation. According to the LOT approach, conceptual thought is determined by the manipulation of mental symbols according to algorithms. Schneider tackles three key problems that have plagued the LOT approach for decades: the computational nature of the central system (the system responsible for higher cognitive function); the nature of symbols; and Frege cases. To address these problems, Schneider develops a computational theory that is based on the Global Workspace approach; develops a theory of symbols, “the algorithmic view”; and brings her theory of symbols to bear on LOT’s account of the causation of thought and behavior. Schneider shows that LOT must make peace with both computationalism and pragmatism; indeed, the new conception of symbols renders LOT a pragmatist theory. And LOT must turn its focus to cognitive and computational neuroscience for its naturalism to succeed.
Susan Schneider is Assistant Professor of Philosophy, a faculty member in the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science and the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and a member of the Center for Neuroscience and Society at the University of Pennsylvania. Her previous books include The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness (with Max Velmans). May — 5 3/8 x 8, 296 pp. — 2 illus. $36.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01557-8
INFORMATION AND LIVING SYSTEMS
Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives edited by George Terzis and Robert Arp
Information shapes biological organization in fundamental ways and at every organizational level. Because organisms use information — including DNA codes, gene expression, and chemical signaling — to construct, maintain, repair, and replicate The informational themselves, it would seem only nature of biological organization, at levels natural to use informationfrom the genetic and related ideas in our attempts to epigenetic to the cognitive and linguistic. understand the general nature of living systems, the causality by which they operate, the difference between living and inanimate matter, and the emergence, in some biological species, of cognition, emotion, and language. And yet philosophers and scientists have been slow to do so. This volume fills that gap. Information and Living Systems offers a collection of original chapters in which scientists and philosophers discuss the informational nature of biological organization at levels ranging from the genetic and to the cognitive and linguistic. The chapters examine not only familiar informationrelated ideas intrinsic to the biological sciences but also broader information-theoretic perspectives used to interpret their significance, thus demonstrating the deeply interdisciplinary nature of the volume’s bioinformational theme.
CONTRIBUTORS Robert Arp, David Attewell, Roland Baddeley, Cedric Boeckx, Luciano Boi, Nicolas J. Bullot, Sarah B. Burger, María Cerezo, Ya¸ ar Demirel, Charbel El-Hani, Claus Emmeche, s Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul R. Gladden, Benoit Hardy-Vallés, W. Jake Jacobs, Kalevi Kull, Natalia López-Moratalla, Alfredo Marcos, Alvaro Moreno, Sally G. Olderbak, Rebecca A. Pyles, João Queiroz, Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo, Niall Shanks, George Terzis, Juan Uriagereka, Benjamin Vincent
George Terzis is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Saint Louis University. His articles have appeared in such prominent journals as American Philosophical Quarterly, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Psychology, and Philosophical Studies. Robert Arp is an ontologist and philosopher living in McLean, Virginia. He is the author of Scenario Visualization: An Evolutionary Account of Creative Problem Solving (MIT Press, 2008). April — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 21 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-20174-2
MODES OF CREATIVITY
Philosophical reflections on creativity in science, humanities, and human experience as a whole.
Philosophical Perspectives Irving Singer appendix by Moreland Perkins
In this philosophical exploration of creativity, Irving Singer describes the many different types of creativity and their varied manifestations within and across all the arts and sciences. Singer’s approach is pluralistic rather than abstract or dogmatic. His reflections amplify recent discoveries in cognitive science and neurobiology by aligning them with the aesthetic, affective, and phenomenological framework of experience and behavior that characterizes the human quest for meaning. Creativity has long fascinated Singer, and in Modes of Creativity he carries forward investigations begun in earlier works. Marshaling a wealth of examples and anecdotes ranging from antiquity to the present, about persons as diverse as Einstein and Sherlock Holmes, Singer describes the interactions of the creative and the imaginative, the inventive, the novel, and the original. He maintains that our preoccupation with creativity devolves from biological, psychological, and social bases of our material being; that creativity is not limited to any single aspect of human existence but rather inheres not only in art and the aesthetic but also in science, technology, moral practice, as well as ordinary daily experience.
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. He is the author of the trilogies The Nature of Love and Meaning in Life as well as Reality Transformed: Film as Meaning and Technique (1998); Three Philosophical Filmmakers: Hitchcock, Welles, Renoir (2004); Ingmar Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher: Reflections on His Creativity (2007); Cinematic Mythmaking: Philosophy in Film (2008); Philosophy of Love: A Partial Summing-Up (2009); and Mozart and Beethoven: The Concept of Love in Their Operas (2010), all published by the MIT Press, and many other books.
March 6 x 9, 320 pp. $36.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01492-2
“The writing in this book is classic Singer: gracefully urbane, informed, insightful, and easily at home with the whole western tradition in philosophy. His book is oriented in a genuinely open way to anyone interested in the subject of imagination and creativity. Readers will welcome its wholesome sunlit sanity amid the fogs and miasmas of postmodernism.” — Thomas Alexander, Department of Philosophy, Southern Illinois University Carbondale
architecture/design political science/international affairs
Bruce Brown, Richard Buchanan, Dennis P. Doordan, and Victor Margolin, editors
The first American academic journal to examine design history, theory, and criticism, Design Issues provokes inquiry into the cultural and intellectual issues surrounding design. Special guest-edited issues concentrate on particular themes, such as science and technology studies, design research, and design critisicm.
Quarterly, ISSN 0747-9360 Winter/Spring/Summer/Autumn 112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/di
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS
Jennifer Clapp and Matthew Paterson, editors
Global Environmental Politics examines the relationship between global political forces and environmental change, with particular attention given to the implications of local-global interactions for environmental management.
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3800 February/May/August/November 144 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/glep
Steven E. Miller, editor-in-chief Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Owen R. Coté Jr., editors
International Security publishes lucid, well-documented essays on the full range of contemporary security issues. Its articles address traditional policy issues such as war and peace, as well as more recent dimensions of security, including the growing importance of environmental, demographic, and humanitarian issues, and the rise of global terrorist networks.
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889 Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring 208 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/is
Karen Beckman, Branden W. Joseph, Reinhold Martin, Tom McDonough, and Felicity D. Scott, editors
Grey Room brings together scholarly and theoretical articles from the fields of architecture, art, media, and politics to forge a cross-disciplinary discourse uniquely relevant to contemporary concerns. In its first decade, Grey Room has published some of the most interesting and original work within these disciplines, positioning itself at the forefront of the most current aesthetic and critical debates.
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer 128 pp. per issue 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/grey
INNOVATIONS: TECHNOLOGYI GOVERNANCEIGLOBALIZATION
Philip E. Auerswald and Iqbal Z. Quadir, editors
Innovations is about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. The journal features cases authored by exceptional innovators; commentary and research from leading academics; and essays from globally recognized executives and political leaders. The journal is jointly hosted at George Mason University’s School of Public Policy, Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and MIT’s Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship.
Quarterly, ISSN 1558-2477 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 152 pp. per issue — 7 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/itgg mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011
ASIAN ECONOMICS PAPERS
Jeffrey D. Sachs, Yonghyup Oh, Wing Thye Woo, Naoyuki Yoshino, editors
AEP comprises selected articles and summaries of discussions from the meetings of the Asian Economic Panel. Articles focus on high quality, objective analysis of key economic issues of a particular Asian economy or of the broader Asian region, and offer creative solutions to these Asian economic issues.
Thrice yearly, ISSN 1535-3516 Winter/Spring-Summer/Fall 192 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/aep
THE REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
Alberto Abadie, Philippe Aghion, Dani Rodrik (chair), and Mark W. Watson, editors
The Review of Economics and Statistics is a distinguished general journal of applied (especially quantitative) economics. Edited at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, The Review publishes the field’s most important articles in empirical economics, and, from time to time, symposia devoted to a single topic of methodological or empirical interest.
Quarterly, ISSN 0034-6535 February/May/August/November 192 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11 http://mitpressjournals.org/rest
EDUCATION FINANCE AND POLICY
David N. Figlio, David H. Monk, Thomas A. Downes, and Dan Goldhaber, editors
To aid in deliberations and to help frame the intellectual discourse on education policy and practice, Education Finance and Policy promotes understanding of the means by which global resources can be justly and productively engaged to enhance human learning at all levels.
Quarterly, ISSN 1557-3060 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 144 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated
arts and humanities
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEARNING AND MEDIA
David Buckingham, Tara McPherson, and Ellen Seiter, editors
The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) is a groundbreaking online-only journal that provides an international forum for scholars, researchers and practitioners to explore the relationship between emerging forms of media and learning, in a variety of forms and settings. Through scholarly articles, editorials, case studies, and an active online network, IJLM publishes contributions that address the theoretical, textual, historical, and sociological dimensions of media and learning, as well as the practical and political issues at stake. Published quarterly by the MIT Press, in partnership with the Monterey Institute for Technology in Education and with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Quarterly, ISSN 1943-6068 Online only http://www.ijlm.net http://mitpressjournals.org/ijlm
arts and humanities arts and humanities
Phyllis Bendell, managing editor
Founded in 1955 as the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Daedalus draws on the enormous intellectual capacity of the American Academy, whose fellows are among the nation’s most prominent thinkers in the arts, sciences, and humanities. Each issue addresses a theme with six to ten original, authoritative essays on topics of current interest in the arts and sciences.
Quarterly, ISSN 0011-5266 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 144 pp. per issue — 7 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/daedalus
THE NEW ENGLAND QUARTERLY
Linda Smith Rhoads, editor
For more than 80 years, The New England Quarterly has published the best that has been written on New England’s cultural, political, and social history. Contributions cover a range of time periods, from before European colonization to the present, and any subject germane to New England’s history.
Quarterly, ISSN 0028-4866 March/June/September/December 192 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/neq
Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Hal Foster, Denis Hollier, David Joselit, Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Mignon Nixon, and Malcolm Turvey, editors
Original, innovative, and provocative, October presents the best and most current criticism about the contemporary arts, including film, painting, sculpture, photography, performance, music, and literature.
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2870 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 160 pp. per issue — 7 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/october
LEONARDO/ LEONARDO MUSIC JOURNAL
Roger F. Malina, executive editor Nicolas Collins, LMJ editor-in-chief
Leonardo is the leading international journal in the application of contemporary science and technology to the arts and music. The companion annual journal, Leonardo Music Journal (including CD), features the latest in music, multimedia art, sound science, and technology.
Six times per year, ISSN 0024-094X February/April/June/August/October/December 112 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/leon
Marla C. Berns, Steven Nelson, Allen F. Roberts, Mary Nooter Roberts, and Doran H. Ross, editors
African Arts is devoted to the study and discussion of traditional, contemporary, and popular African arts and expressive cultures. Since 1967, readers have enjoyed high-quality visual depictions, cutting-edge explorations of theory and practice, and critical dialogue.
Quarterly, ISSN 0001-9933 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 88-100 pp. per issue 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/afar Published quarterly by the James S. Coleman African Studies Center and distributed by the MIT Press mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011
COMPUTER MUSIC JOURNAL
Douglas Keislar, editor
For computer enthusiasts, musicians, composers, scientists, and engineers, this is the essential resource for contemporary electronic music and computer-generated sound. An annual music disc accompanies the last issue of each volume.
Quarterly, ISSN 0148-9267 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 128 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/cmj
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Aalst, Modeling Business Processes 79 Abramson, Romance in the Ivory Tower 56 Acting in an Uncertain World, Callon 63 Addiction and Responsibility, Poland 93 Ai Weiwei’s Blog, Ai 2 Ai, Ai Weiwei’s Blog 2 Ala´ , Handling Digital Brains 85 c Albertazzi, Perception beyond Inference 91 Alexander, A Widening Sphere 24 Allen, Artists’ Magazines 29 Allenby, The Techno-Human Condition 11 Alphabet and the Algorithm, Carpo 34 Amado, Voiture Minimum 6 America’s Environmental Report Card, second edition, Blatt 10 America’s Food, Blatt 54 Anaphora and Language Design, Reuland 80 Angotti, New York for Sale 56 Armstrong, Women Artists at the Millennium 51 Artists’ Magazines, Allen 29 Ashby, Statistical Analysis of fMRI Data 75 Aspray, Everyday Information 85 Atlas of New Librarianship, Lankes 84 Aureli, The Possibility of an Absolute Architecture 33 Axilrod, Inside the Fed, revised edition 15 Balinski, Majority Judgment 67 Band, Interfaces on Trial 2.0 86 Barsky, Zellig Harris 26 Bayesian Brain, Doya 58 Being Watched, Lambert-Beatty 51 Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat, Kafai 55 Beyond Resource Wars, Dinar 72 Bhabha, Children Without a State 72 Biegler, The Ethical Treatment of Depression 93 Blatt, America’s Environmental Report Card, second edition 10 Blatt, America’s Food 54 Blind Vision, Cattaneo 94 Blowout in the Gulf, Freudenburg 3 Brams, Game Theory and the Humanities 67 Branigan, Provocative Syntax 79 Brown, Do Democracies Win Their Wars? 71 Buckley, Utopie 45 Bynum, Christian Materiality 42 Calcott, The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited 78 Calleja, In-Game 87 Callon, Acting in an Uncertain World 63 Campany, Jeff Wall 40 Caplan, When Johnny and Jane Come Marching Home 4 Carmin, Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders 73 Carpo, The Alphabet and the Algorithm 34 Cattaneo, Blind Vision 94 Cerebral Plasticity, Chalupa 76 mitpress.mit.edu Spring 2011 Chalupa, Cerebral Plasticity 76 Children Without a State, Bhabha 72 Chimeras and Consciousness, Margulis 75 Chiu, Contemporary Art in Asia 31 Christian Materiality, Bynum 42 Chun, Programmed Visions 89 Clapp, Paths to a Green World, second edition 73 Code/Space, Kitchin 90 Cold War Kitchen, Oldenziel 57 Collected Scientific Papers of Paul Samuelson, Volumes 6 and 7 Samuelson 65 Coming Clean, Kraft 74 Computational Perspective on Visual Attention, Tsotsos 77 Conkling, The Fate of Greenland 9 Conservation Refugees, Dowie 54 Contemporary Art in Asia, Chiu 31 Costanza, Sustainability or Collapse? 59 Cox, Metareasoning 82 Cross, Off-Track Profs 57 Dalkir, Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice, second edition 82 Dan Graham, Kitnick 36 de Monchaux, Spacesuit 7 Decety, The Social Neuroscience of Empathy 59 Democracy’s Arsenal, Gansler 70 Dialogues with Davidson, Malpas 96 Digital Dead End, Eubanks 20 Digital Media and Technology in Afterschool Programs, Libraries, and Museums, Herr-Stephenson 91 Digitally Enabled Social Change, Earl 86 Dinar, Beyond Resource Wars 72 Divining a Digital Future, Dourish 88 Do Democracies Win Their Wars?, Brown 71 Dourish, Divining a Digital Future 88 Dowie, Conservation Refugees 54 Doya, Bayesian Brain 58 Dream Life, Hobson 27 Earl, Digitally Enabled Social Change 86 Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, second edition, Wooldridge 69 Edge-Based Clausal Syntax, Postal 80 End of Energy, Graetz 8 Entangled Geographies, Hecht 84 Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders, Carmin 73 Ethical Treatment of Depression, Biegler 93 Eubanks, Digital Dead End 20 Everyday Information, Aspray 85 Fate of Greenland, Conkling 9 Fertility and Public Policy, Takayama 68 Fighting Traffic, Norton 61 Filming of Modern Life, Turvey 35
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Perception beyond Inference, Albertazzi 91 Perplexities of Consciousness, Schwitzgebel 28 Perspectives on the Performance of the Continental Economies, Phelps 68 Peterson, Nightwork, updated edition 23 Phelps, Perspectives on the Performance of the Continental Economies 68 Philosophy of Love, Singer 55 Place of Landscape, Malpas 96 Poland, Addiction and Responsibility 93 Porter, New Directions in Financial Services Regulation 66 Possibility of an Absolute Architecture, Aureli 33 Postal, Edge-Based Clausal Syntax 80 Power Struggles, Schiffer 62 Processing and Acquisition of Reference, Gibson 94 Programmed Visions, Chun 89 Provocative Syntax, Branigan 79 Pylyshyn, Things and Places 60 Quantum Computing, Rieffel 81 Quest to Learn, Salen 91 Redesigning Leadership, Maeda 1 Reforming U.S. Financial Markets, Kroszner 16 Reuland, Anaphora and Language Design 80 Rieffel, Quantum Computing 81 Romance in the Ivory Tower, Abramson 56 Rosen, A Little-Known Story about a Movement, a Magazine, and the Computer’s Arrival in Art 39 Salen, Quest to Learn 91 Saliba, Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance 62 Samuelson, The Collected Scientific Papers of Paul Samuelson, Volumes 6 and 7 65 Sand, The Words and the Land 44 Schiff, Neural Control Engineering 77 Schiffer, Power Struggles 62 Schneider, The Language of Thought 97 Schwitzgebel, Perplexities of Consciousness 28 Secret War Between Downloading and Uploading, Lunenfeld 19 Sentient City, Shepard 32 Shaw, Helvetica and the New York City Subway System 5 Shepard, Sentient City 32 Siegwart, Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, second edition 81 Singer, Modes of Creativity 98 Singer, Philosophy of Love 55 Smolensky, The Harmonic Mind, Volumes 1 and 2 63 Social Neuroscience of Empathy, Decety 59 Solutions Manual and Supplementary Materials for Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, second edition, Wooldridge 69 Sound, Kelly 37 Spacesuit, de Monchaux 7 Spitzer, Government’s Place in the Market 14 Statistical Analysis of fMRI Data, Ashby 75 Student Solutions Manual for Mathematics for Economics, third edition, Hoy 66 Subject to Display, González 52 SuperCollider Book, Wilson 89 Surveillance or Security?, Landau 22 Sustainability or Collapse?, Costanza 59 Synthetics, Jones 90 Systems, Experts, and Computers, Hughes 61 Takayama, Fertility and Public Policy 68 Techno-Human Condition, Allenby 11 Technological Nature, Kahn 12 Terzis, Information and Living Systems 97 “The Beautiful Language of My Century,” McDonough 52 Things and Places, Pylyshyn 60 This is Not a Program, Tiqqun 47 Tiqqun, This is Not a Program 47 Total Modernity and the Avant-Garde in Twentieth-Century Chinese Art, Gao 30 Trade and Poverty, Williamson 65 Transformations of Lamarckism, Gissis 78 Tsotsos, A Computational Perspective on Visual Attention 77 Turvey, The Filming of Modern Life 35 Understanding Knowledge as a Commons, Hess 58 Utopie, Buckley 45 Violence of Financial Capitalism, new edition, Marazzi 48 Voiture Minimum, Amado 6 Weiner, Our Own Worst Enemy? 71 When Johnny and Jane Come Marching Home, Caplan 4 Where Art Belongs, Kraus 46 Widening Sphere, Alexander 24 Williamson, Trade and Poverty 65 Wilson, The SuperCollider Book 89 Wittgenstein in Exile, Klagge 95 Women Artists at the Millennium, Armstrong 51 Wooldridge, Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, second edition 69 Wooldridge, Solutions Manual and Supplementary Materials for Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, second edition 69 Words and the Land, Sand 44 Yuck!, Kelly 92 Zellig Harris, Barsky 26 Žižek, The Monstrosity of Christ 49
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