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The Free Library > Communications > News, opinion and commentary > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA) > August 16, 2001
The Free Library > General Interest/Informational > General interest > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA) > August 16, 2001
The Free Library > Date > 2001 > August > 16 > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA)

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BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP?
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Byline: Troy Anderson Staff Writer

Eleven brands of bottled water contain levels of chromium 6 that don't meet standards now

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BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP? - Free Online Library

under consideration by the state, according to tests released Wednesday by Los


Angeles County.

The county's Environmental Toxicology Bureau also released results of 990 tests of tap water at
county government facilities, revealing that drinking water at some locations contains levels of
chromium 6 and arsenic that would not meet state and federal standards under consideration.

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``In a way, this confirms our fears about bottled water - that in some cases it's not better than
what comes out of the tap,'' said Rep. Adam Schiff

, D-Pasadena. ``People drink bottled water to avoid chromium 6, arsenic and lead, but now find
there is no absolute safety in bottled water.''

Chromium 6, a cancer-causing chemical used in chrome plating and aerospace manufacturing


processes, was highlighted in the Oscar-nominated movie ``Erin Brockovich.'' It has been
detected in water systems across the state, including the San Fernando, Antelope and San
Gabriel valleys.

Scientists agree the chemical is a known carcinogen when inhaled, but disagree over safe limits
when it is ingested in water.

``There have been many public discussions recently regarding the carcinogens ... chromium 6,
arsenic and lead,'' Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich said. ``Scientific standards for the safe
levels of these elements in our drinking water vary, and what is an acceptable level today may
not be acceptable tomorrow.''

In the bottled water study conducted between November and May of 57 brands, the highest
concentration of chromium 6 at 1.6 parts per billion was found in Classic Selection bottled water.

In 1999, the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment set a public health
goal for chromium 6 of 0.2 ppb, but is now reconsidering that goal and is expected to release a
new one in spring 2003.

``That represents a level of chromium 6 that would not be expected to pose any health threats
to someone drinking two liters of water a day for 70 years,'' said Allan Hirsch, spokesman for the
office. ``If you are only drinking water with that level occasionally, any risk would be a lot less.''

Tests of the bottled water for arsenic found 11 brands, or 19 percent, with levels above 1 ppb.

Vittel brand bottled water had the highest concentration of arsenic at 10.5 ppb. In January, the
federal Environmental Protection Agency reduced the standard for arsenic to 10 ppb, but
President George W. Bush put the order on hold and the EPA later withdrew the lower standard
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BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP? - Free Online Library

and returned it to 50 ppb.

``I'm not going to say drink it or don't drink it,'' said Wasfy Shindy, deputy director of the county
toxicology bureau, who led the county study. ``If the state has a public health goal and the
bottled water exceeds that goal, I think people would have some concern. It's up to the public to
decide what they want to do.''

Currently, the federal government allows 100 ppb for total chromium, the state allows 50 ppb for
total chromium, and there are no standards set by either the state or federal governments for
chromium 6.

With all the uncertainties, the report notes that no conclusions can be made about the safety of
bottled water.

County Agricultural Commissioner Cato R. Fiksdal said it's clear the largest problem is the
absence of uniform standards.

``We need to encourage the state and federal government to move as quickly as possible to set
those standards so we know exactly what is safe and what isn't,'' Fiksdal said.

Tarzana resident Cornelia Hansen said the bottled water report shows the nation is ``run by
greed.''

``If they can put one over on people, they will do it,'' she said. ``I'm suspicious of everything I
read, eat and drink. One minute they say it's good for you. The next minute they say it's bad for
you.''

Northridge resident Robert Ellsworth said he's always trusted city water.

``The only time I drink bottled water is when city water is not available,'' he said.

The report of water in 990 county government facilities found 412, or 42 percent, with levels of
chromium 6 higher than 0.2 ppb, the state health goal. The highest levels were found in
Lancaster, Arcadia, La Puente, Rosemead and Quartz Hill.

The report found 837 locations, or 84 percent, were contaminated with arsenic at levels of 1 to
36.8 ppb, but none exceeding the current federal and state standard of 50 ppb. However, 10
facilities in Lancaster, Pomona and Hawaiian Gardens contained levels of arsenic exceeding
the recently proposed federal standard of 10 ppm.

The report found 390 locations, or 39 percent, with levels of lead ranging from 1 to 9.37 ppb, but
none exceeding the current federal and state standard of 50 ppb. County officials believe the
lead contamination is due to pipe corrosion.

``I think the bottled water is a little bit better than tap water, but it varies where you live and
where you get your water,'' Shindy said.

TESTING THE WATERS

Here are the results of the county's tests on 57 brands of bottled water.

These are the labels sampled that produced no detectable levels of any of the following:
chromium, hexavalent chromium (Chromium 6), arsenic and lead:
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BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP? - Free Online Library

A+ Natural Spring Water Ice Age

Aaron Springs Mountain Dairy

Albertson Drinking Water Mountain Dairy Spring Water

Albertson Natural Spring Mt. Shasta

Albertson Purified Water Naya

American Fore Palomar Mountain

Aquafina Ralphs purified water

Beech Nut Refreshe

Canada's Rokko Mountain

Crystal Lake Sahara

Dasani Sam's Choice

Deja Blue Snow Mountain

Evian SPA

Gerber Spring Water Sparkletts Crystal Fresh

Glacier's Edge Springfield

Hawaii Swiss drinking water

High Sierra Vons purified water

These are the labels tested that had total chromium higher than 0.5 parts per billion, beginning
with those that had the highest levels:

Fiji Aberfoyle

Classic Selection Pure American

Ironman Crystal Hill

Crystal Geyser Calistoga

Geyser Zilia

Ice Mountain Niagara

Castle Rock Spring Water Vons drinking water

Great American

These are the labels tested that had hexavalent chromium (chromium 6) higher than 0.25 parts
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BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP? - Free Online Library

per billion, beginning with those that had the highest levels:

Classic Selection Ice Mountain

Fiji Ironman

Crystal Hill Great American

Aberfoyle Castle Rock Spring Water

Geyser Pure American

Crystal Geyser

This label tested positive for arsenic higher than the proposed federal standard of 10 parts per
billion:

Vittel

CAPTION(S):

box

Box:

TESTING THE WATERS (see text)

SOURCE: County of Los Angeles

Daily News

COPYRIGHT 2001 Daily News


No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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The Free Library > Communications > News, opinion and commentary > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA) > August 16, 2001
The Free Library > General Interest/Informational > General interest > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA) > August 16, 2001
The Free Library > Date > 2001 > August > 16 > Daily News (Los Angeles, CA)

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