The electricity sector in India is predominantly controlled by the Government of India's public sector undertakings (PSUs).

Major PSUs involved in the generation of electricity include National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC),Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) and Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCI). Besides PSUs, several state-level corporations, such as Tamil Nadu Electricity Board(TNEB) in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra State Electricity Board(MSEB)in Maharashtra, Kerala State Electricity Board(KSEB) in Kerala, in Gujarat (MGVCL, PGVCL, DGVCL, UGVCL four distribution Companies and one controlling body GUVNL, and one generation company GSEC), are also involved in the generation and intrastate distribution of electricity. The PowerGrid Corporation of India is responsible for the inter-state transmission of electricity and the development of national grid. The Ministry of Power is the apex body responsible for the development of electrical energy in India. This ministry started functioning independently from 2 July 1992; earlier, it was known as the Ministry of Energy. The Union Minister of Power at present is Sushilkumar Shinde of the Congress Party who took charge of the ministry on the 28th of May, 2009. India is world's 6th largest energy consumer, accounting for 3.4% of global energy consumption. Due to India's economic rise, the demand for energy has grown at an average of 3.6% per annum over the past 30 years.[1] In June 2010, the installed power generation capacity of India stood at 162,366 MW[2] while the per capita energy consumption stood at 612 kWH.[3] The country's annual energy production increased from about 190 billion kWH in 1986 to more than 680 billion kWH in 2006.[4] The Indian government has set a modest target to add approximately 78,000 MW of installed generation capacity by 2012 which it is likely to miss.[5] The total demand for electricity in India is expected to cross 950,000 MW by 2030.[6] About 70% of the electricity consumed in India is generated by thermal power plants, 21% by hydroelectric power plants and 4% by nuclear power plants.[7] More than 50% of India's commercial energy demand is met through the country's vast coal reserves.[1] The country has also invested heavily in recent years on renewable sources of energy such as wind energy.[8] As of 2008, India's installed wind power generation capacity stood at 9,655 MW.[9] Additionally, India has committed massive amount of funds for the construction of various nuclear reactors which would generate at least 30,000 MW.[10] In July 2009, India unveiled a $19 billion plan to produce 20,000 MW of solar powerby 2020.[11] Electricity losses in India during transmission and distribution are extremely high and vary between 30 to 45%.[12] In 200405, electricity demand outstripped supply by 7-11%.[13] Due to shortage of electricity, power cuts are common throughout India and this has adversely effected the country's economic growth.[14][15] Theft of electricity, common in most parts of urban India, amounts to 1.5% of India's GDP.[16][17] Despite an ambitious rural electrification program,[18] some 400 million Indians lose electricity access during blackouts.[19]While 80 percent of Indian villages have at least an electricity line, just 52.5% of rural households have access to electricity. In urban areas, the access to electricity is 93.1% in 2008. The overall electrification rate in India is 64.5% while 35.5% of the population still live without access to electricity.[20] According to a sample of 97,882 households in 2002, electricity was the main source of lighting for 53% of rural households compared to 36% in 1993.[21] Multi Commodity Exchange has sought permission to offer electricity future markets.[22]

[edit]Hydro Power India was one of the pioneering countries in establishing hydro-electric power plants. The installed capacity as of 30-9-2010 was approximately 37. The state of Maharashtra is the largest producer of thermal power in the country.7% of total installed base with the southern state of Tamil Naducontributing nearly a third of it (5008. twenty nuclear power reactors produce 4.  Current installed base of Coal Based Thermal Power is 87. The power plant at Darjeeling and Shimsha(Shivanasamudra) was established in 1898 and 1902 respectively and is one of the first in Asia.75 MW which is 0.6% of total installed capacity.560 MW (2.85 MW which is 10.   Current installed base of Gas Based Thermal Power is 17.38 MW which comes to 53.492.943.[25] [edit]Nuclear Power Currently.98 MW which is 64.199.9% of total installed capacity.[23] [edit] . Main article: Nuclear power in India [edit]Renewable Power Current installed base of Renewable energy is 16.9% of total installed base).Generation Grand Total Installed Capacity (as on 30-09-2010) is 164. Current installed base of Oil Based Thermal Power is 1.26 MW) largely through wind power.42 MW which is 7.517.3% of total installed base.5% of total installed capacity.[24] The public sector has a predominant share of 97% in this sector.374.835.40 MW.328.80 MW.[23] [edit]Thermal Power Current installed capacity of Thermal Power (as of 30-09-2010) is 106.

• From 1951 to 2004. food production would increase considerably because 73 milliontonnes of animal dung is burnt every year for energy purposes.3% from hydro electricity & only 3. Nonconventional. in near future.000 tonnes (equivalent to 600 billion tonnes of coal) – which is about 5 times the coal reserves in country.000 tonnes (equivalent to 120 billion tonnes of coal) and Thorium reserves – 3. hotels etc). • If animal dung is not utilized for burning and is used as fertilizer. fuelwood could be a greater constraint than availability of foodgrains. (Estimated annual energy potential from hydro-electric sources is around 90000 MW while we are currently producing only 18000 MW. the coal production has increased 12 times. coal. 1000 crore annually). • We are using only 20% of total hydro-power potential. 26.STATISTICAL ENERGY ANALYSIS Did you know? • Commercial sources of Energy (sources that cost i.60. which is far more than total fertilizer consumed in agriculture production in India. • At current rate of consumption & production.(180 million tonnes for households + 43 million tonnes for cottage industry. • 65% of total rural energy consumption is met from fuel woods. At this rate. (As per NIC site on Ministry of Power). • In 1973. • At current rate of consumption & production. crude oil 110 times & electricity 65 times. electricity) are only 50% of total energy consumption in India. (The problem can be solved by government spending of around Rs. India has not experienced a sudden shock in its balance of payments after steep increase in global oil prices thanks to large inward . oil in India would last only for about 20 to 25 years. • Uranium reserves in country – 70. renewable energy sources like solar. 65. • More than 60% of Indian households depend on traditional sources of Energy for cooking & heating needs. wind energy constitute nearly 4. coal constitutes 29%.09 exactly). agricultural waste & animal dung constitute ½ of the total energy consumption in India. coal reserves inIndia would last for about 130 years.9%.1% fromnuclear power. Oil & gas 54% & electricity 17%.8% comes from thermalpower plants. • Did you know.e. petroleum. price for petroleum crude oil in global market was only$2 per barrel ($2. • Out of total electricity production. • Public sector produces 558 billion kwh of electricity while private sector only 58 billion kwh. Means noncommercial sources like fuelwood. • In commercial energy consumption.

• There are 33 lakh bio-gas plants.87. • Only 0. MP & Rajasthan). • India is second largest exploiter of Wind Energy – 1000 MW (70% by private sector).3% of world’s known oil reserves are in India. 24% to agriculture.remittance of foreign currencies by Indians working abroad (Thank you NRIs!).560 villages in India have electricity. for petroleum products 6 to 7% per year & for electricity 9 to 10% per year. 34% goes to Industry. • Demand for coal rises @ 4 to 5% per year. Orissa. • Millions of poor people in India spend up to 100 man-days every year in gathering fuelwood for cooking purposes. These figures do not include captive (i. 21 % to domestic use. Still 1. private sector) power generation. UP. • Currently 5. government declares the village electrified! (This is as per ‘new modified’ definition of ‘electrified villages’ formulated in 2003-04. .400 villages haven’t seen what electricity is! (most of these are in Assam. • Transport sector accounts for 56% of total oil consumption inIndia.560 electrified villages has electricity…even if 10% of the households get electricity.12.e. • Out of total electricity consumption in India.) Entry filed under: Economics.87. 2 lakh solar cookers & 10000 street lighting systems using solar photo-voltaic technology. Tags: . And that does not mean that every house in those 5. 12% to public lighting & 2% to railway traction.

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