1. No Tobacco Day is May, 31 2.

The National Flag of India was adopted by the constituent assembly on the July 22, 1947. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is two to three. 3. The charka has 24 spokes. 4. Flag code 2002: The Union Cabinet decide that all citizens of India could host the tri colour throughout the year. Previously they could do so only on special days such as Republic Day and Independence Day. 5. Supreme Court in a major ruling declared that hoisting of the National Flag by the citizens is a Fundamental Right under Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution. 6. National Emblem – Saranath Lion Capital of Ashoka. 7. The original lioned capital of the pillar was designed by Emperor Ashoka. This was adopted as the National Emblem on the January 26, 1950 by the Government of India. 8. The words “SATYAMEVA JAYETE” are inscribed on the Emblem in Devanagari Script. 9. The words “SATYAMEVA JAYETE” are taken from mundaka Upanishad. (Truth alone triumphs). 10. National Anthem composed by Rabindranath Tagore. Originally it was composed in Bengal. It was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the Calcutta session of Indian National Congress. 11. National Anthem was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950. 12. The song translated into English by Tagore in 1919 under the title “Morning song of India”. 13. National Song “Vande mataram” composed by Bankim Chandra chatterji. Adopted on January 25, 1950. 14. National song was taken from Bankim Chandra chatterji’s novel “Anand Math” 1892. 15. National Calender: Adopted Saka era. It has normal 365 days and begins with chaitra as the first month. 16. The Saka era begun in AD 78 first month “Chaitra” and the last month “phalguna”. 17. National Animal Tiger (Panthera Tigris). Lion was the National Animal up to 1972. 18. National Bird - Indian Peacock 19. National Flower – Lotus. 20. National Fruit – Mango. 21. National Tree – Banyan. 22. NATIONAL RIVER - GANGA 23. The season represents 2 months. In India 6 seasons are mentioned. Vasanta, Grishma, Varsha, Sharad, Hemant and shishira. 24. Botanical Survey of India set up in 1980 at Kolkata. 25. Zoological Survey of India was set up in 1916 in Kolkata.

Periyar Sanctuary Kerala 38. NATIONAL PARKS 29. Highest number of Assembly seats – UP – 355. 28. UP& J&K. Hazaribagh Sanctuary Bihar 35. 42. Area-wise Goa is the smallest state. Bandipur National Park Karnataka 30. 47. Lowest number of Legislative Council – JK – 36. Andhra Pradesh. Total number of Biospheres in India is 14. 50.60 %. Madhya Pradesh is the state with largest area under forest cover. 27. Maharastra. 46. Lowest number of Loksabha seats – Sikkim – 1. Andhra Pradesh is the first state in India that has been formed on a purely linguistic basis in 1953 and enlarged in 1956. Highest population – China. 56. 48. The Legislative Councils are present only in six states. 57. Area-wise Lakshadweep is the smallest UT.26. Sunderbans. Wild Ass Sanctuary Gujarat 39. Andhra state – 1953 and AP in 1956. 59. Bihar. Lowest population is in Sikkim. Karnataka. 61. Kaziranga National Park Assam (Famous for one-horned rhinoceros). Manipur. Chandraprabha sanctuary UP 31. Lowest number of Assembly seats – Sikkim -32. 52. 53. . Population wise India is the second largest country in the world. 60. 54. 45. Out of this 4 (Niligiri. Area-wise Andaman&Nicobar Islands is the largest UT. 55. Highest number of Loksabha seats – UP – 80. Corbett National Park Uttaranchal 32. India is the 7th largest country (area wise). In Union Territories Delhi has maximum number of seats in Assembly. 37. 58. Nagaland. (70). 44. 62. Lowest population Lakshadweep (UT). 41. Kanha National Park MP 36. Lowest number of Rajya Sabha seats – Sikkim. Tripura and Goa – 1. Highest population Delhi (UT). Gir National Park Gujarat 34. Highest number of Rajya Sabha seats – UP -31. The total forest cover in India is 20. Manas Sanctuary Assam 40. 49. Highest number of legislative Council – UP – 99. 51. Gulf of Mannar and Nanda Devi) have been recognized by UNSECO. 43. Ghana Bird Sanctuary Rajastan 33. Largest country is Russia (area wise). Highest population is in UP. Area-wise Rajastan is the largest state in India.

Navy and Air force head quarters is located in New Delhi. (From USSR). INS VIBHUTI: Indigenously built missile boat. Highest sex ratio is in Kerala. 67. The Defence Research and Development Laboratory launched Integrated Missile development Programme. Akash: Surface to Air missile. B. 64. . INS Sindhushastra: India’s first missile firing submarine.63. NAG: Third generation anti-tank guided missile. 3. PRITHVI: India’s first indigenously built Surface to Surface missile. Bihar. MISCELLANEOUS: 1. INS GHARIYAL: Indigenously built warship. D. In the year 2000 three new High Courts were set up in Chhattisgarh. (30). 4 KM. Calcutta and madras in the year 1862. 1989. Coast guards set up in 1977. 1988. 4. Puducherry has the lowest number of seats in Assembly. The High Court was first established in Bombay. 70. AGNI: Intermediate ballistic surface to surface missile. first test fired from Sriharikota. 250 KM. 2. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) was set up in 1958. 25 KM. Cantonment board is established through cantonment Act of 1924. Jharkhand and Uttaranchal. 1988. SUBMARINES: 1. 71. Maharastra. 65. A. The Atomic Energy Commission was set up in 1948. R&D 1. Under this five missiles were successfully test fired. Arjun is the main battle tank designed by DRDO. The Army. 1990. 69. 72. 66. TRISHUL: Short range surface to Air missile. Vijayantha is the first indigenous tank. 3. ATOMIC ENERGY: 1. The first High Courts are established in Bombay. 5-9 KM. AP. The present Chairman is Anil Kakodkar. Home guards set up in 1946. INS CHAKRA: India’s first nuclear submarine. Calcutta and Madras in the year 1862. C. 68. Karnataka and Jammu and Kashmir are the six states with Legislative councils. UP. In 1998. E. 5. Inducted in 1993. 2. INS SHALKI: First indigenously built submarine. At present there are 21 High Courts present in India. 2500 KM.

Tarapur ( Maharastra). The first Heavy water plant was set up in Nangal (Punjab) in the year 1962. 3.Kottayam (Kerala) 4. ISRO Satellite Centre . 4. 9. Tea Board .Andhra Pradesh 5. Narora (UP). Kalpakkam (Tamilnadu). 12. B. India set a record on April 28. Centre For Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) – Hyderabad . Central Institute for cotton research – Nagpur. 1974 India conducted its first underground nuclear explosion at POKHRAN (RAJASTAN). “CIRUS” and “DHRUVA” the three nuclear reactors. Bharat Ratna Bhim Rao Ambedkar Institute of Telecom Training – Jabalpur. Second test was conducted on May 11. CENTRE 1. It houses “APSARA”. 5.Bangalore Space Application Centre . Central Drug Research Institute – Lucknow 15. kakrapar (Gujarat). It also included remote sensing satellite CARTOSAT-2A. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade – New Delhi 6. Coffee Board – Bangalore 3. 6. National Institute for Oceanography – Panaji (Goa) 16. Indian School Business – Hyderabad 13. 7. 4. C. 5. 2. Kaiga (Karnataka). India became the sixth nuclear power in the world. Indian Institute of Science – Bangalore.Ahmedabad SHAR Centre .2. 3. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) set up in 1957 at Trombay. Indian Space Research Organization was set up in 1969. National Academy for Telecom Finance and Management – Hyderabad. 1998. NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS: 1. Advanced Level Telecom Centre – Ghazaibad 8. Tobacco Board . Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma became India’s first man in space. “OPERATION SHAKTI” was the code name of the tests. Heavy water is used in Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR). AP. Rawatbhatta (Rajastan). 2008 by PSLV-C9 successfully launching 10 satellites from Sriharikota. At present there are six Nuclear power stations in India. near Bombay. 2. LOCATION Vikram Sarabhai Space centre – Thiruvananthapuram. telecommunication Engineering Centre – New Delhi 11. Indian Diamond Institute – Surat 7.Srihari Kota National Remote Sensing Agency – Hyderabad A. Bureau of Indian Standards – Delhi 14. On May 18. The first Indian satellite Aryabhatta launched from USSR. 10.

Central Rice Research Institute – Cuttack 19. National Institute for Nutrition – Hyderabad 18. . National Institute for Ocean technology – Chennai. Indian Institute for Sugar Technology – Kanpur 21. Centre for DNA finger printing and Diagnostics – Hyderabad 20.17. National Institute for Immunology – New Delhi 22.